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Brown, Kewaunee and Door, 






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' TilE NEW YCl..: I 

R 1918 L 


THE importance of placing in book form biographical history of representative 
citizens — both for its immediate worth and for its value to coming generations 
— is admitted by all thinking people; and within the past decade there has 
been a growing interest in this commendable means of perpetuating biography 
and family genealogy. 

That the public is entitled to the privileges afforded by a work of this nature 
needs no assertion at our hands; for one of our greatest Americans has said that the 
history of any country resolves itself into the biographies of its stout, earnest and 
representative citizens. This medium, then, serves more than a single purpose: 
while it perpetuates biography and family genealogy, it records history, much of 
which would be preserved in no other way. 

In presenting the Commemorative I^iographical Record to its patrons, the 
publishers have to acknowledge, with gratitude, the encouragement and support their 
enterprise has received, and the willing assistance rendered in enabling them to sur- 
mount the many unforeseen obstacles to be met with in the production of a work of 
this character. In nearly every instance the material composing the sketches was 
gathered from those immediately interested, and then submitted in type-written form 
for correction and revision. The volume, which is one of generous amplitude, is 
placed in the hands of the public with the bilicf that it will be found a valuable addi- 
tion to the library, as well as an invaluable contribution to the historical literature of 
Northeastern Wisconsin. 



C.AN LEWIS, *vvas 
"one of the most 
I onspicuous and dis- 
tinguished among the 
oand of pioneer settlers 
who early gave a nation- 
al reputation to Wiscon- 
sin. " He was mainly 
instrumental — chiefly by 
his influence in both Sen- 
ate and Congress — in se- 
curingthe Fox River Val- 
^,,.?i» ley improvement, and his name 
'•'^''"' is indissolubly linked with the 
early history of a great portion of north- 
ern Wisconsin. 

Judge Martin, for by that title he is 
more generally referred to, came of good 
lineage, the family being of eminence and 
antiquity in Hertfordshire, England, and 
Tours, I'rance. The name of his imme- 
diate ancestor, Thomas ^[artin, is borne 
on the list of colonists who emigrated to 
America in 1693, and he became one of 
the proprietors of the Ockoocangansett 
plantation in Marlborough, Mass., land 

• For niurli of ihc nkflrl. of Jndnc M.irliii wt- 
are inrlebleil to " Rominisceiices ol I.. M.irlin. IH-.T- 
IHffT." edited nnd »ntiol.'ited. with bioxraplikal •.kelrli, liv 
Keiiben G Tliwaitei, Secretary State Historical Society of 
Wisconsin.- Ki). 

having been granted him there. Aaron 
Martin, his grandson (son of Adam, who 
died April 25, 17 16), born January 21, 
17 12, was in Salem, Mass., where the 
colonists first settled, the Martins a few 
years later moving to Sturbridge, in that 
State, where the original homestead was 
built, and which is still in a fair state of 
preservation. This Aaron Martin, who 
was the great-grandfather of Morgan 
Lewis Martin, was one of the first manu- 
facturers in New England, holding large 
domains of land on the various river 
courses; and, while yet in middle life, was 
drowned in one of his own mill streams, 
the Quenebang river, when crossing over 
to the mill on a cold March tnorning. 

Adam Martin, his son, who was born 
August 5, 1 7 16, owned, in 1763, a valua- 
ble estate, with water power and sawmills. 
He was an officer in the Provincial army 
during the French and Indian wars, sub- 
sequently captain in a Massachusetts regi- 
ment during the Revolution, his commis- 
sions dating April 24, 1770, and August 
'7. '797. respectively. Like his father, 
from whom he inheritetl extensive landed 
property, he was largely interested in 
hnnber, woolen and grain tnills in Lewis 
county, N. Y., whither he hati emigrated 
at an early day, while the country was 


yet a wilderness. He purchased a town- 
ship in Lewis county (which was named 
after Governor Morgan Lewis, of New 
York), naming the chief town "Martins- 
burg," after himself. 

His only son, Walter, father of Hon. 
Morgan L. Martin, while yet a young 
man, came into the inheritance, and was 
considered the patron of northern New 
York. While yet a lad he served under 
his father in 1788, and at the close of the 
war of 1 81 2 Col. Martin was commis- 
sioned by Gov. George Clinton, of New 
York, quartermaster No. i of militia 
in which his father had been commis- 
sioned lieutenant-colonel. These com- 
missions are still intact, the heading of 
Col. Walter Martin's reading as fol- 
lows: " The People of the State of New 
York, by the grace of God free and inde- 
pendent, to Walter Martin, gentleman, 

Morgan Lewis Martin, son of Gen. 
Walter Martin, was born in Martinsburgh, 
Lewis Co. , N. Y. , March 31, 1805. In 
1824 he graduated from Hamilton Col- 
lege, at Clinton, N. Y., and for two years 
he studied law with Collins & Parish in 
Lowville, N. Y. In 1826 he went to 
Detroit (then tlie chief city of the North- 
west), where he entered the law office of 
Henry S. Cole, and was soon afterward 
admitted to the bar. But he did not 
long remain in Detroit, for in May, 1827, 
acting under the advice of his cousin, 
James Duane Doty — who was then seek- 
ing to have the Territory of Huron erected 
by Congress, with Green Bay as the seat 
of government — he took up his home in 
Green Bay, and here resided until his 
death which occurred December 10, 1887 
— a most interesting period of sixty 

Judge Martin landed in Green Bay 
May 20, 1827, the voyage from Detroit 
having been made on the "La Grange," 
a chance sailer, loaded with provisions 
for the garrison at Fort Howard, and 
having on board several army officers, 
among whom were Brig-Gen. Hugh 

Brady and Paymaster Maj. Benjamin F. 
Larned. Of the civilians, who were also 
passengers on the "La Grange," was 
Father Fauvel, the first of his Church, it 
is said, to land in Green Bay after the 
close of the early missions. At Shanty 
Town, in those days the commercial em- 
porium of the Bay Settlement, our sub- 
ject established his law office, which con- 
sisted of a room in a story-and-a-half 
frame building occupied by a branch of 
the Ducharme family. At that time there 
were not more than one hundred civilians 
at the Bay Settlement, in the main con- 
sisting of French and mixed-blood ' ' voy- 
ageurs, " and Indians of various tribes — 
Pottawattamies, Ottawas, &c. — were 
numerous. There were a few clearings 
and cultivated fields surrounding the set- 
tlement, Lawe, Porlier and Grignon be- 
ing the leading agriculturists, the latter 
having, probably, the most pretentious 
farm, which same was located at the 
Kaukauna rapids, on the north side, be- 
low the present city of Kaukauna. 

In 1828 Judge Martin took a canoe 
voyage from Green Bay to Prairie du 
Chien, up the Fox river and down the 
Wisconsin, and enjoyed a very interesting 
experience. The year before had occur- 
red the Winnebago outbreak at Prairie 
du Chien, and the murderer Red Bird 
and his friends were now to be tried at a 
special term of court. Judge Doty had 
appointed our subject United States dis- 
trict attorney, pro tan, hence the latter's 
presence with the judicial party. On his 
arrival at Prairie du Chien he met Lucius 
Lyon (whom he had previously known in 
Detroit), at that time a United States sur- 
veyor, who had just completed his survey 
of the private French land claims there, 
and our subject finding that, after all, 
his services in the Red Bird case would 
not be needed, he and Lyon planned to 
make a tour through the lead mines. 
' ' There were no maps of this country 
then," writes Judge Martin, "but Lyon 
had a small pocket compass with him, 
and took the courses and distances of the 


Fox-Wisconsin route, and made the first 
approximately correct map of that water 
highway; later, on my return from Galena 
to Prairie du Chien, I did the same for 
the Mississippi; we then put our notes to- 
gether and gave the result to a prominent 
eastern map-maker who adopted it as part 
of the geography of the country. It was 
published in 1829 or 1830, and was the 
first real map of the country between 
Green Bay and Galena. I was much 
gratified, afterward, to see that later 
official surveys of the Mississippi corres- 
ponded exactly with mine. Lyon and I 
started down the Mississippi from Prairie 
du Chien on a very primitive sort of 
steamer; there were two vessels like 
Mackinaw boats, with a platform between 
and a shed built on that — it was, in fact, 
a steam catamaran. During the entire 
time court was in session at the Prairie, 
we staid at Galena, and then Judge Doty 
and Rowland came down and joined us 
there. After a few days, Lyon and I went 
on what was then a decidedly novel trip, 
an expedition through the mining region 
north of Galena," which they found over- 
flowing with prospectors, miners, and a 
certain nondescript class that might be 
catalogued as "camp followers," in all 
fully two thousand men. After their in- 
spection of the mining country, the party 
returned home from Galena the way they 
had gone, meeting with no special ad- 

In the spring of 1S29, in company 
with Wistweaw, a Menomonee Indian, 
and .'\lexander Grignon, a young half- 
blood Menomonee, as assistants. Judge 
Martin and Judge Doty, starting from 
Green Bay on horseback, traversed the, 
up to that time little known, region south 
of the Fox and Wisconsix rivers, and are 
believed to have been the first party to 
make the trip by land between the ex- 
treme outposts of this section — Green 
Bay and Prairie du Chien. At the latter 
place Judge Doty held a term of court, 
and Judge Martin officiated as United 
States district attorney, pro tciii. Their 

return trip was also by overland, but with 
some change of trail, and on both jour- 
neys they were greatly struck with the 
beauty of the lake country and its adapta- 
bility for becoming the abode of civilized 
life. They passed along the north bank 
of Fourth lake, where eight years after- 
ward, in 1836, Judge Martin laid out the 
' ' City of the Four Lakes," and the coun- 
try they traversed on this novel journej" 
was (in the words of Judge Martin him- 
self), "after reaching a distance of thirty 
miles from Green Bay, more charming 
than any we had ever beheld, with its ex- 
tensive oak openings and almost unlimited 
prairies. There was not, however, a 
trace of occupancy or any indication that 
it had ever before been traversed by white 

In October, 1829, the first public 
meeting in the history of Green Bay was 
held there, Louis Grignon being chair- 
man, and Judge Martin, secretary. Con- 
gress was petitioned to build a road from 
Green Bay to Chicago, and also to im- 
prove the Fox and Wisconsin rivers. In 
1833 the Judge paid his first visit to Mil- 
waukee, while on a horse-back tour of 
exploration, on which occasion he was 
accompanied by Daniel Le Roy and P. 
B. Grignon, and as far as Fond du Lac 
their course lay on the same trail our sub- 
ject and Judge Doty had made in 1829. 
After that they struck southeast to the 
shore of Lake Michigan, following it 
closely until the Milwaukee river was 
reached. At their destination they met 
Solomon Juneau, the trader, whose home 
was the "old trading house," and he and 
Judge Martin became fast friends, their 
business relations continuing many years 
— in fact they were joint owners of the 
original plat of Milwaukee; and such con- 
fidence had they in each other, that no 
written memorandum of the terms of 
their partnership was ever made between 
them; yet at the end of three years ac- 
counts between them were adjusteii, and 
" property valued at hundreds of thous- 
ands divided with as little difficulty as 


you would settle a trifling store bill," the 
Judge's own words. Such in brief is an 
outline of the life of Judge Martin as a 
pioneer of northern Wisconsin; and the 
early history of the city of Green Bay, as 
well as of the entire Fox River Valley, is 
so intervolved with the active period of 
his life, that a record of the one is essen- 
tially a record of the other. 

From the "Reminiscences" we e.\- 
■cerpt the following, illustrative of the 
•earlv efforts toward the improvement of 
the Fo.x-Wisconsin river highway, an im- 
portant feature in the development of 
this portion of the State. The statement 
is substantially in the Judge's own words: 
"The first movement bjthe general gov- 
ernment toward the improvement of the 
Fox- Wisconsin river highway — with a 
view to making a continuous line of navi- 
gation from Lake Michigan to the Missis- 
sippi river — was made in 1839, while I 
was in the Territorial council. Capt. 
Thomas J. Cram, of the topographical 
engineers, made, under the direction of 
the War Department, a preliminary sur- 
vey of the rivers and an estimate of the 
cost of their improvement. In 1846, 
while a delegate in Congress, I secured, 
b}^ dint of very hard work, the passage of 
an Act (approved August 8) making a 
grant of land to the State, upon its ad- 
mission into the Union, for the improva- 
ment of the Fox river alone, and the build- 
ing of a canal across the portage between 
the two rivers. The grant covered every 
odd- numbered section within three miles 
of the canal, the river and the lake, en 
route from the portage to the mouth. 
When the second Constitutional Conven- 
tion was held, this proposition on the 
part of Congress was endorsed, and, at 
the first session of the State Legislature, 
the latter body passed an Act, approved 
August 8, 1848, appointing a board of 
public works consisting of five persons 
and providing for the improvement of the 
river. * * ■■ On January i, 185 1, the 
board reported to the Legislature that 
the work would have to stop unless some 

device for a more rapid sale of land could 
be originated. While the affair was in 
this condition, I made a proposition to 
the Legislature, through Gov. Dewey, to 
do the work from Green Bay to Lake 
Winnebago, except what the board of 
public works had finished or was already 
under contract for. The board had dug 
the canal at Portage, before there was 
any steam navigation possible on the 
Lower Fox. ■!=•** The Legislature of 
1 85 1 accepted my proposition, and I 
went to work with about five hundred 
men, commencing at Kaukauna. Oper- 
ations were carried on throughout that 
season, along the entire distance from 
Green Ba}' to Lake Winnebago." The 
Improvement Company went on with the 
work until 1856, in which year the first 
boat, the " Aquilla," passed through the 
works — from Pittsburg to Green Bay. 

From 1 83 1 to 1835 Judge Martin was 
a member of the legislative council of 
Michigan Territory, and from 1838 to 
I 844 he was one of the Territorial council 
of Wisconsin. In 1845-47 he represented 
his Territory in Congress with marked 
ability; was president of the State Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1847-48, and 
both in the chair and on the floor was 
one of the guiding spirits of the body 
which framed the charter under which 
the Commonwealth of Wisconsin still 
operates. In 1855 he was elected a 
member of the State Assembly, and three 
years later was sent up to the Senate. 
Throughout the entire period of the Civil 
war he served as an army paymaster. In 
1866 he was appointed Indian agent, 
holding the position until 1869, when the 
War Department took charge of Indian 
affairs. In 1866 he was the candidate 
(under the Johnson movement) for Con- 
gress, from the Fifth District, in which 
campaign he was defeated by Philetus 
Sawyer. In 1870 he resumed the prac- 
tice of law which he had temporarily laid 
aside, and in 1873 he was again elected 
to the Assembly. From 1875 until his 
decease he served as county judge of 


Brown county, and from its organization 
was one of the most active of the vice- 
presidents of the State Historical Society 
of Wisconsin. 

On July 25, 1837, Judge Martin was 
united in marriage, at Green Bay, with 
Miss EHzabeth Smith, daughter of Col. 
Melancthon Smith. U. S. A., and grand- 
daughter of Judge Melancthon Smith, 
who w£.s a delegate from New York, in 
Congress, in 1782-84, prior to the period 
of the Constitution. To this marriage 
were born six children, namely: Leonard 
Martin; Annie, who died in 1861; Me- 
lancthon, deceased in infancy; Sarah, 
Morgan L. , Jr., and Debbie. Judge 
Martin was a man of generous impulses, 
kindly manner, keen wit, fine literary 
tastes, and greatly enjoyed the comforts 
of his beautiful home in Green Bay, 
" Hazelwood," where he was surrounded 
by a loving and accomplished family. He 
died December 10, 1887. 

JOHN L. JORGENSEN, proprietor 
of the largest dry-goods and carpet 
establishment in northern Wiscon- 
sin, the same being located in the 
thriving and wide-awake city of Green 
Bay, Brown county, is a native of Den- 
mark, born of German ancestry May 27, 
1849, in the city of Nakskov, Laaland. 

Grandfather Jorgensen (who spelled 
his name "Juergens"), a highly educated 
man, resided in Schleswig, where he was 
a minister of the Lutheran Church. He 
was possessed of great force of character, 
interesting himself deeply in the politics 
of his country, and, being both pro- 
gressive and aggressive, he took an active 
part in the revolutionary risings of 1848, 
shortly after which he was removed to 
Denmark, the language of which country 
he spoke Huently. 

J. A. Jorgensen, father of our subject, 
who was one of a family of six children, 
received his education at the public 
schools of Denmark, which was supple- 
mented with a course of study at a 

college, his intention at first being to 
enter some profession. Preferring, how- 
ever, a mercantile career, he prepared 
himself for such in some business house 
of Nakskov, Denmark, where he re- 
mained, and he has been prominently 
and successfully engaged in mercantile 
pursuits for the past fifty years or more, 
being now one of the oldest and 
wealthiest merchants in that city, where 
he is highly esteemed for his integrity, 
and recognized as a man of influence and 
ability, and as a leading churchman. He 
married Miss Sophia Mortensen, a native 
of Denmark, who died in middle life, the 
mother of one son. John L. , the subject 
of this sketch. 

John L. Jorgensen received his educa- 
tion in his native town, and was reared 
to mercantile pursuits. At the age of 
sixteen years (in 1865), having decided to 
try his fortune in the New World, he set 
sail from his native land, and after an 
uneventful transatlantic voyage landed at 
Boston, whence he at once proceeded 
westward, arriving at Chicago, a stranger 
in a strange land. After a short sojourn 
in the metropolis of the West, he set 
out for Wisconsin, Neenah, \\'innebago 
county, being his objective point, and 
here attended school for a short time in 
order to become conversant with the 
English language. Securing now a 
position in Mr. Pettibone's dry-goods 
store in Neenah, he remained there a year 
and a half, after which he was sent by 
Mr. Pettibone to Green Bay, where he 
clerked for him a long time in his store 
in that city; also was in the employ of 
D. Butler & Son for a brief period. 
Having by this time saved some money, 
he commenced the dry-goods business 
May 27, 1876, at Fort Howard, in part- 
nership with A. Gray, of that place, in 
which they continued two and one-half 
years, when they divided the stock, and 
Mr. Jorgensen opened out a similar busi- 
ness for his own account in Fort Howard, 
commencing on a small scale, with but 
two clerks; but he soon found he had to 


enlarge his store by adding to it from 
time to time. The business at last had 
grown to such proportions in 1887 that 
he was compelled to open a branch store 
in Green Bay, and form a joint-stock 
company composed of himself and his 
two brothers-in-law, G. A. and F. T. 
Blesch, under the firm name of Jorgen- 
sen, Blesch & Co. Soon the branch 
store became the chief one, and Mr. 
Jorgensen found himself under the neces- 
sity of building a new store on the same 
street, opposite the old one, which he 
fitted with all modern improvements, and 
to-day it is without exception the largest 
dry-goods and carpet store in northern 

In 1877 John L. Jorgensen was mar- 
ried at Fort Howard, Wis., to Miss 
Sophia Blesch, daughter of Francis and 
Antoinette (Schneider) Blesch, natives, 
the father of Bingen-on-the-Rhine, Ger- 
many, the mother of Brussels, Belgium. 
Mrs. Jorgensen was born and educated at 
Fort Howard, is a lady of refined tastes, 
a great reader, a lover of home, fiowers 
and home influences, and, withal, special- 
ly e.xceliing as a musician. Our subject 
in his political preferences is a Republi- 
can, and in soci'al affiliations is a member 
of the I. O. O. F.. A. O. U. W. and 
Royal Arcanum; in the I. O. O. F. he is 
grand master for the State of Wisconsin, 
and he was instrumental in having the I. 
O. O. F. Home established in Green Bay, 
where at present some thirty members 
find a home and shelter, and he has been 
general manager and superintendent of 
this institution since its establishment. 

WILLIAM LUEKE, the able and 
efficient county treasurer of 
Brown county, stands promi- 
nent among the German-Ameri- 
can citizens of northern Wisconsin, by 
reason of his popularity, his administra- 
tive abilities and his long-established 
reputation for honesty and loyalty. 

He was born December 24, 1850, in 

Fahlenverder, Province of Brandenburg, 
Prussia, Germany, of which province, in 
the city of Nauen, Potsdam, his ancestors, 
who were for the most part millers by oc- 
cupation, as far back as can be traced, 
had "a local habitation and a name." 
Here his father, Charles F. Lueke, was 
born December 4, 1822, and here he was 
reared and taught the trade of miller in 
the ancestral mills. After serving his ap- 
prenticeship he became a journeyman in 
the business, traveling from place to place 
(as is the custom in the Fatherland), 
finally settling in Fahlenverder, where he 
married Miss Amelia Hordlemann, young- 
est daughter of one of the prosperous 
farmers of that locality. Here to Mr. 
and Mrs. Lueke were born two children, 
William (our subject) and Louisa, the lat- 
ter of whom died in Milwaukee, Wis., 
shortly after the family's arrival in the 
Western World, in the fall of 1854, the 
then village of Green Bay being their ob- 
jective point. Here the father first found 
employment with G. T. Kyber, in the 
construction of the old military plank 
road running from Green Bay to Fond du 
Lac, next spring moving to De Pere, 
where he found employment as a miller, 
his legitimate vocation, and so continued 
until i860, in which year he bought a 
mill on Cedar creek, near Green Bay. In 
the following year, however, he abandoned 
this and, returning to De Pere, made his 
home there till the spring of 1867, at 
which time he moved to Wrightstown, 
where he built a gristmill, on the East 
river, more frequently called "Devil 
river, " which mill he successfully operated 
till July 4, 1880, when it was destroyed 
by fire; he also owned a fine farm of 160 
acres of land. Selling out this property 
in the fall of 1880, he removed to Mani- 
towoc, and here remained till the spring 
of I 883, the year of his taking up his resi- 
dence in Greenleaf, Brown county, where, 
in association with his son William, he es- 
tablished a grain and general mercantile 
business, which the}' successfully con- 
ducted till April 7, 1890, when the}' dis- 


solved partnership, the father taking the 
store, the son retaining sole control of the 
grain branch of the concern. Charles F. 
Lueke continued the store up to his death, 
which occurred March 23, 1891, when he 
was sixty-seven years old, the county los- 
ing one of its best-known and most highly- 
respected citizens, esteemed by all for his 
sterling honesty and manly qualities of 
head and heart. He was an active and 
consistent member of the Lutheran 
Church, and in his political affiliations 
was a lifelong Democrat, although no 
partisan. In Wisconsin were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Lueke children as follows: 
Mar}', now Mrs. Gehrke; Albert; Emma, 
now Mrs. Alten; Charles, Minnie and 
Fred — eight children in all. The mother 
is still living in Greenleaf, Brown county. 
William Lueke, the subject proper of 
this memoir, secured a liberal education, 
in part at the schools of De Pere, in part 
at the North Western University of 
Watertown, Wis. Learning the trade of 
miller under his father's instruction, he 
followed same till the summer of 1874, 
when he embarked in the hotel business 
in Greenleaf, erecting the "Greenleaf 
Hotel," now operated by Albert Lueke, 
who purchased it in 1887. Our subject 
then devoted his entire attention to the 
mercantile and grain businesses in the same 
village, retiring from the former in 1890, 
as already recorded, and from the latter 
at the time of his moving to Green Bay, 
May 14, 1 89 1, renting his warehouses to 
other parties. 

In the fall of 1890 he received the 
Democratic nomination for county treas- 
urer, and was elected by a majority of 
1,200, his unquestioned popularity being 
proven by his re-election in the fall of 
1892, and he is yet filling the incumbency 
with characteristic ability and fidelity. 

On July 12, 1 87 1, Mr. Lueke was 
married to Miss Augusta Wucrger, a na- 
tive of Germany, and their union has been 
blessetl with a fainilj- of seven children, 
named respectively: Charles, Flora, Clara, 
William, ;\nna, Nora and Lillie. Mr. and 

Mrs. Lueke are members of the Lutheran 
Church, and are in the enjoyment of the 
well-merited esteem and regard of the 
community at large. 

JOHN BETH, senior member of the 
widely-known wholesale and retail 
grocery firm of John Beth & Sons, 
is one of those successful merchants 
who in early life acquired a knowledge of 
the value of time and money, and who had 
been early trained to possess patience, 
qualified with perseverance; to remember 
that time is money, and that there are 
just si.\ty minutes in one hour; and to 
never forget that whatever is worth doing 
at all is worth doing well. 

Mr. Beth is a native of Bruttig, Ger- 
many, born on the river Moselle, Rhein 
Province, January 25, 1840, a son of 
Theodore and Catherine (Goebel) Beth; 
also of German nativity, who in 1852, 
with their little family of children, emi- 
grated to the United States, making their 
first New-World home in Milwaukee. 
Here the father, who was a shoemaker, 
followed his trade until 1855, when he 
came to Green Ba}\ where he continued 
his trade up to about the time of his death, 
which occurred May 3, 1S57; his wife had 
died October 24, 1852. They were the 
parents of si.\ children, viz. : Jacob, 
Joseph, John and Frank, who all reside 
in Green Bay; Maggie, who is the wife 
of Thomas Hubert, of Menominee, Mich. ; 
and Katie, who died November 1. 1852, 
at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

As will be seen, the subject of this 
sketch was twelve years old when the 
family came to the United States, so his 
education had already been secured in 
Germany, he having attended school 
there between the ages of seven and 
twelve. At thirteen he commenced work- 
ing from home, in Wisconsin, engaging 
in various occupations for the next few 
years, or until 1861. wiien, the Civil war 
having burst over the land, his ardor to 
fight for his adopted country prompted 



him to enlist for service in the Union 
army. Accordingly, on June 14, that 
year, he set out on foot for Appleton, 
Wis., and the following day entered the 
Appleton Light Infantry, being the third 
recruit in it from Green Bay. The quota 
of this company, however, was not filled 
at that time, and our subject, not to be 
thwarted in his intentions, proceeded by 
rail to Alton, 111. , where he enlisted in 
Company K, Twenty-fourth Illinois In- 
fantry, three-years' service. This regi- 
ment was attached to the Army of the 
Cumberland June 30, 1861, and partici- 
pated in the battles of Perryville (Ivy.). 
Stone River and Chickamauga, at which 
latter engagement he received a gunshot 
wound in the left elbow, which confined 
him to hospital for some time. On July 
30, 1 864, Mr. Beth received an honorable 
discharge, and returned home to Green 
Bay. He then commenced clerking in a 
grocery store, and so continued until 
March i, 1870, when he embarked in the 
wholesale and retail crockery and glass- 
ware trade, which for eight years he con- 
ducted with encouraging success. In 
April, 1878, he combined general gro- 
ceries, also wholesale and retail, and 
carried on these' departments until 1 891, 
when he closed out the crockery and 
glassware, substituting flour and feed. In 
1886 he put up his present substantial 
brick building, two stories and basement, 
53 X 100 feet, on Washington street. 

On January 10, 1865, Mr. Beth was 
married in Green Bay to Miss Elizabeth 
Knapp, a native of St. Louis, Mo. Her 
parents resided in Monroe, Wis. , for sev- 
eral years, but are both now deceased, the 
father having died in St. Louis, Mo. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Beth were born eleven 
children, nine of whom are yet living, a 
brief record of them being as follows: 
Leonard was married September 24, 1 890, 
to Miss Mary Mahn, who was born in 
Green Bay, daughter of Theodore Mahn, 
an early pioneer of the city, and they have 
two children, Laura E. and Aaron (he is 
a member of the Modern Woodmen); 

John Valentine was married October 10, 
1893, to Mary Dennis, who was born in 
Belgium, daughter of David Dennis, of 
Green Bay; Maggie was married in 1889 
to Benjamin Smith, of Green Bay, and 
they have two children, Clarence and 
Chester; Elizabeth is married to Joseph 
Dennis, and has two children, Louie and 
Raymond; and Anna, Fred, Emma 
Charley, and Louie. 

Mr. Beth is a representative self-made 
man, having by his own industry and 
sound judgment, commencing on a bor- 
rowed capital of thirty dollars, risen to 
his present commercial standing, doing a 
business to the amount of one hundred 
and twenty thousand dollars per annum. 
Outside of members of his own family, he 
gives employment to eight hands, and 
three of his sons are now associated with 
him in business. Politically he is a Re- 
publican, and has served as supervisor. 
Socially, he is a member of T. O. Howe 
Post No. 124, G. A. R. , of which he was 
commander two years; president of the 
Peninsular Veteran Association, and a 
member of the Catholic Knights of 


FOLLETT, deceased. This 
lady, who for so many years 
was editor and proprietor of 
the Gazette, Green Bay, was a native of 
New York State, born at Dansville, Jan- 
uary I, 1847. Her early life was happy 
and abounded in good influences, while 
the privileges of e.xcellent schools were 
enjoyed by her. which by degrees brought 
her into a beautiful womanhood, thor- 
oughly equipped in purpose and prepara- 
tion for a useful career. Her education 
for the most part was received at the 
public schools and seminary of the place 
of her birth, also at Auburn, N. Y., and 
at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

On May 29, 1873, she was united in 
marriage, at Bath, N. Y. , with Dwight I. 
Follett, one of the founders and proprie- 

yiQc/i,-CL^l/i^U:4\.oC_y (/<f^^ 


rrrr,^.^™'^' LENOX , 



tors of the Green Bay (Wis.) Gazette, 
which had been established by him and 
Col. George C. Ginty early in 1866. In 
September of the same year, however, 
Mr. Follett sold his interest to Col. Ginty, 
but reconnected himself in May, 1868, 
with the paper by purchase of the 
Colonel's interest (who in the meantime 
had associated himself with William B. 
Tapley, of Racine), the firm name be- 
coming Tapley & Follett. This arrange- 
ment continued abo.ut eighteen months, 
or until January i, 1870, when Mr. Tap- 
ley sold out to George E. Hoskinson, and 
the new hrni of Hoskinson & Follett then 
changed the name of the paper to The 
State Gazette, commencing a daily issue 
in November, 1S71, and in 1882 Mr. Fol- 
lett assumed sole ownership and control. 
The Gazette has always stood in the front 
rank of the Republican political journals 
of the State of Wisconsin. 

The home which Mr. and Mrs. Fol- 
lett created by their marriage was ideal 
in its happiness, till the young wife saw, 
with unspeakable sorrow, that an incura- 
ble malady would soon take her husband 
from her. After much painful suffering 
he was called from earth June 24, 188S, 
deeply mourned by a wide circle of 
friends. He was a man of perfect recti- 
tude, just and honorable, and possessed 
of a good mind and a true heart — a lover 
of things beautiful in nature, literature 
and art. After his death the responsi- 
bility of the extensive business, which he 
had wisely planned, but which, owing to 
ill-health, he had never been able to 
bring to its best possibilities, were laid 
upon his sorrowing widow. She rose to 
her new duties, however, with a strength 
and capacity which ast(jnished even those 
who knew her best. The necessities of 
the situation, and, doubtless, the des- 
peration of her grief, stinnilated her every 
energy into activity. Discouragements 
that seemed almost paralyzing yielded to 
her unconquerable determination, and she 
persevered till success was complete. 
But the shadow of death was upon her, 

and the bright, useful and beautiful life 
was doomed to total eclipse. Early in 
the spring of 1894 Mrs. Follett began to 
realize that her health, which she had 
thought to be almost faultless, was rap- 
idly failing, and in searching for a cause 
it was found that she was suffering from 
an internal cancer, from which it was 
early seen there was no possible cure. 
How this knowledge moved her brave, 
resolute soul can never be known, for she 
made no sign of either fear or regret, 
though her sufferings were intense. She 
bore all with uncomplaining fortitude, 
responding to the faithful and tender 
ministrations of friends with loving grati- 
tude, while her thoughts were of others 
rather than of herself, even to the last 
hour of consciousness. 

The end came at last, death releasing 
her from her sufferings August 27, 1894, 
and three days later all that was mortal 
of the departed was laid beside the re- 
mains of her husband amid the peace and 
silence of Woodlawn cemetery. Green 
Ba\'. A great concourse of the people of 
the city where for twenty years she had 
lived and wrought — old and young, rich 
and poor — citizens from other places, 
officials, representatives of the Press 
Association, and many friends from even 
greater distance, followed the remains to 
their last resting-place. The funeral took 
place from the Presbyterian Church, of 
which she was a member. Rev. J. L. 
Hewitt officiating, assisted by Revs. F. R. 
Haff and H. W. Thompson. .^mong 
those assembled to pay their last respects 
to their loving friend were members of 
the Press Association, as just mentioned, 
with which organization early in her 
newspaper life she had identified herself, 
becoming after the death of her husband 
a constant attendant at its sessions. 
Eulogies in the Press were numerous, and 
from the Green Bay Gazette we glean 
the following: * * * "Simple and touch- 
ing were the ceremonies at the funeral; 
grief and sorrow were the emotions of al. 
who had come to bid her a last farewelll 



There were those who had known her 
long and intimately, and who will miss 
her greatly, and there were those who 
thought they had stood farther from her, 
yet had often felt the touch of her 
friendly hand, had frequently heard from 
her words of sympathy and of cheer, and 
who had come to see in her a sister, 
friend and mother." The Green Bay 
Advocate also paid a beautiful tribute to 
the memory of her whose life had left the 
world the better for her having lived, and 
we quote the following: "It is with 
deep sadness that we realize that the 
vital spark has fled from the suffering 
body of our long kind friend, highly 
respected citizen and co-laborer in 
the newspaper field, Mrs. Rosamond 
Follett. We grieve at the severance 
of those early ties of friendship and 
almost kindred feeling that long years 
of harmonious work in a common cause, 
without a jar or discord, had cemented. 
We grieve that we shall nevermore see 
the kindly face, animated by its cheerful, 
benevolent spirit. At the same time we 
feel thankful that the inevitable parting 
is over, and the free spirit has risen from 
the tortured clay, unhampered with cares 
and griefs of earthly life, to unending 
peace and blessed rest in the mansions 
that the Master went before to prepare. 
"■ •■■ "' Her work was well done from the 
cradle to the grave. In the}'ears that we 
have known her, from the time that she 
came here as a bride until she finally laid 
down the pen and entered the chamber of 
suffering, we have found nothing in her to 
criticise, and everything to commend. 
We recall her sturdy step, as with strong 
frame she supported the failing energies 
and wasting frame of her late husband, 
Dwight I. Follett, shouldering the weight 
of the cares of his business as he entered 
the dark valley, and assuming the busi- 
ness altogether when he passed away. 
* * "' A perfectly healthy and whole- 
some childhood and youth laid the foun- 
dation of those powers of endurance so 
valuable to her. She was a ready writer. 

with a faculty of pleasing; was always 
courteous, and made friends of all with 
whom she had dealings or acquaintance. 
There was no false pride about her, and 
she was careful never to assume a dig- 
nity that would drive away the humble. 
She was sympathetic for the woes of oth- 
ers, and always ready to relieve the dis- 
tressed. " Mrs. Follett left one son, John 
C. Follett, to mourn the loss of a loving 
mother. — [In compiling the above sketch, 
the writer is indebted for many sugges- 
tions to a beautiful article from the pen 
of Edwin D. Coe, which appears in the 
"National Printer-Journalist," of Octo- 
ber, 1894. — Ed. 

for over twenty years a highly 
respected citizen of Green Bay, 
enjoying an unchallenged reputa- 
tion as a successful physician and surgeon, 
is a native of Middlebury, Vt., born July 
20, 1843. 

Erastus Olmsted, grandfather of our 
subject, was of Welsh descent, and was 
born in Middlebury, Vt., of which locality 
his ancestry, in this country, were pioneers. 
By trade Erastus was a chair-maker, 
which he carried on at his home in the 
country, near Middlebury, becoming pros- 
perous. He had a numerous family of 
children, of whom Juba Olmsted, father 
of our subject, was born August 15, 1807, 
in Middlebury, Vt. He learned his 
father's trade, and followed it for a time, 
but eventually took up farming, which he 
made his life work for the rest of his days, 
in 1850 moving with his family from Ver- 
mont to Wisconsin, and settling on a 
farm in Fond du Lac county, four miles 
south of the city of that name. Here, by 
industry and judicious thrift, he accumu- 
lated a comfortable competence, and by his 
exemplary life, sincerity of heart, genuine 
charity and elevation of character, won 
the highest esteem and respect in the com- 
munity in which he lived. He died in 
1854, at the early age of forty-seven 


years, deeph' regretted by all who knew 
him. In religious faith he was a member 
of the M. E. Church, in politics a stanch 
Whig. In 1829, he was married to Miss 
Sarah K. Huston, daughter of Robert 
Huston, an honored pioneer of Middle- 
bury, Vt., and three children, all sons, 
were born to this union, viz. : Wallace 
Juba, a minister in the M. E. Church, at 
present stationed at West Bend, Wis. ; 
Charles Cook, a practicing physician at 
Kansas City (he studied medicine under 
Dr. Patchen, of Fond du Lac, and gradu- 
ated at Cleveland, Ohio); and Austin F. , 
the subject of this sketch. The mother 
of these was married, the second time, to 
Hiram Edgerton, and is now living at 
Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. 

Austin F. Olmsted received his liter- 
ary education at the Fond du Lac high 
scliool and Lawrence University, Apple- 
ton, which latter institution he left at the 
end of two years, for a time thereafter 
clerking in a store. Deciding on making 
the noble profession of medicine his life- 
work, he during these years, as circum- 
stances permitted, studied the science, and 
in 1 87 1 entered Cleveland (Ohio) Home- 
opathic Hospital College, where he grad- 
uated in the spring of 1874, immediately 
thereafter settling in Green Bay, where 
he has since remained in the active prac- 
tice of his profession. He now ranks 
second to none in the county among the 
followers of .'Esculapius and Galen, his 
specialty, perhaps, being obstetrics, in 
which he has had a wide and uniformly 
successful experience, which can be also 
truly said of his general practice; and this, 
coupled with his well-known professional 
zeal, as well as attentiveness to his 
patients, has established for him an en- 
viable reputation throughout the length 
and breadth of the Fo.x River Valley. He 
is associated with the American Institute 
of Homeopathy, and is an active member 
of the State Homeopathic Medical Society 
of Wisconsin. 

On October 2t. 1863, Dr. Olmsted 
was married to Miss Harriet Sylvester, 

daughter of Seth and Rachel (Young) Syl- 
vester, and three children have been born 
to them, named respectively: Minnie 
Edna, Clara K. and Austin O. Dr. and 
Mrs. Olmsted are active workers in the 
Presbyterian Church at Green Bay (form- 
erly connected with the Congregational 
Society), of which she is a member. So- 
cially, he is affiliated with the Knights of 
Pythias, Independent Order of Foresters 
and Royal Arcanum, and in his political 
preferences casts his vote in the interests 
of the Republican party. Public-spirited, 
and in all things progressive, he has iden- 
tified himself with every civic movement 
tending to the advancement and prosperity 
of the city and county of his adoption, 
where, as a useful, loyal and intelligent 
citizen, he is held in the highest regard. 

PH. MARTIN. This gentleman, 
who has been prosecuting attor- 
ney for Brown county since 1888, 
is a native of the county, born in 
Rockland township April 21, 1862. Ed- 
ward and Bridget (Farrell) Martin, 
natives of Ireland, parents of subject, 
came to the United States when young, 
settling in Rockland township, where 
they engaged in farming, and are still 

P. H. Martin, whose name opens this 
brief sketch, received his education at the 
schools of Rockland and in the city of 
De Pere. He was reared on the farm, 
but at the age of eighteen he commenced 
teaching school in Brown county, a voca- 
tion he followed some five years. In 
1885 he came to the city of Green Bay, 
and for some time was in the United 
States railway mail service as postal 
clerk on the Chicago, Milwaukee & 
St. Paul railroad, running between 
Green I^ay and Milwaukee. In 1883 
he commenced reading law in the 
office of Hudd & Wigman, attorncys- 
at-law, Green Bay, and in 1887 he 
was admitted to the bar. In 1889 he 
entered into partnership with Mr. Wig- 


man, under the firm name of Wigman & 
Martin, and has since been engaged in 
regular practice. In the fall of 1888 he 
was elected to his present incumbency, 
that of prosecuting attorney for Brown 
county, which he fills with eminent 
ability, and to the complete satisfaction 
of the people. 

In 1886 P. H. Martin and Miss Mary 
Wigman were united in marriage. She 
is a daughter of J. H. M. Wigman, senior 
member of the firm, and an early pioneer 
of Brown county. To this marriage four 
children have been born, viz. : Marie, 
Agnes, John Edward and Patrick Jerome. 
Mr. and Mrs. Martin are members of St. 
John's Catholic Church. In politics he 
is a Democrat. 

ADAM SPUHLER, of the firm of A. 
Spuhler & Co. (limited), whole- 
sale and retail dealers in dry 
goods, clothing, carpets, hats, 
caps, notions, etc., in Green Bay, has 
been a prominent resident of that city 
since 1879, and an enterprising merchant 
of several years standing. 

Mr. Spuhler is a native of Wisconsin, 
born in Washington county, in 1846, of 
German parents. Henry Spuhler, his 
father, was born in Bavaria, where he 
married Miss Sarah Zepp, of the same 
country, the J'oung couple soon afterward 
emigrating to the United States, making 
their first home in Washington county. 
Wis. , where they took up a farm. In 
1867 they moved to Dodge county, same 
State, settling at Beaver Dam, where they 
passed the rest of their busy lives, the 
father dying in 1870, the mother in 1880. 
Their family numbered seven children, 
five of whom are yet living, namely: Mol- 
lie, wife of Benjamin Fifield, a farmer of 
Lake county, Ind. ; Mary, wife of Charles 
Schuette, of Beaver Dam, Wis. ; Lizzie, 
wife of Andrew Schluckebier, also^ of 
Beaver Dam; Adam, of whom we write; 
and John, a cigar manufacturer, in Wi- 
nona, Minnesota. 

The subject of this notice was reared 
on his father's farm in Washington county, 
Wis. .receiving his education at the win- 
ter schools of the neighborhood of his 
home. In 1861, then fifteen years old, 
he entered the dry-goods store of Newton 
& Willard, in Beaver Dam, remaining 
with them till they sold out in 1865 to 
Hebgen & Lehrkund. With the latter 
firm he clerked till i 867, in which year he 
commenced business in the same town, 
in partnership with a Mr. Schluckebier, 
carrying on a prosperous dry-goods trade 
till 1873, when the firm dissolved and our 
subject moved to Wrightstown, in Brown 
county. Here he was associated with a 
Mr. Mueller in the same line of trade from 
1873 to 1879, the style of the firm being 
Mueller & Spuhler, and in that year they 
transferred their business to the more 
thriving town of Green Bay, here remain- 
ing in partnership till 1886, the year of 
Mr. Mueller's death. After that event 
Mr. Spuhler continued the retail business 
alone till 1 889, when, having established 
a wide connection and an enviable repu- 
tation for fair and square dealing he ex- 
panded his business by combining the 
wholesale trade with the retail, changing 
the style of the house to the A. Spuhler & 
Co. (limited). 

In 1867, in Dodge county. W^is. , Mr. 
Spuhler was married to Miss Jennie Far- 
dell, a native of England, but reared to 
womanhood in Dodge county, \\'is., and 
daughter of Matthew and Sarah (Bishop) 
Fardell, highly respectable English 
people who immigrated to the United 
States several years ago, settling in 
Dodge county. Wis., where Mr. Fardell 
died in 1887, and his widow is yet living. 
To our subject and wife have been born 
seven children, to wit: Sarah, Nellie 
(wife of D. Lucas, a boiler manufacturer 
in Ft. Howard. Wis.); Fred (assisting in 
his father's store), Alice, Mabel, Jennie 
and Louise. In his political predilections 
Mr. Spuhler is a Democrat; in 1881-82 
he served his city as alderman of the 
First ward, and is now a member of the 


town council and of the county board, 
and was chairman of the Finance commit- 
tee of that board some years. Socially 
he is affiliated with the F. & A. M., at 
Green Bay, Washington Lodge No. 21, 
Warren Chapter No. 8, Council No. 13, 
and Palestine Commandery No. 20, K. 
T. ; is a member of the I. O. O. F., 
A. O. U. W. . and of Pochequette Lodge, 
K. of P., Uniformed Rank. In religious 
faith he and his wife are members of the 
M. E. Church. Mr. Spuhler is one of 
those men of business to whom success is 
bound to come, a success that is the re- 
sult of his own individual exertions, and 
not of that "luck" which the world 
(little understanding what the word im- 
ports) so often ascribes to those who rise 
unaided to distinction. No man knows 
better how to time his efforts, and while 
he has never wasted his force on worth- 
less and unattainable objects, he well 
knows how to take advantage of opportu- 
nities promising advantages to his busi- 

the efficient, progressive and pop- 
ular mayor of the city of Green 
Bay, is a native of Wisconsin, 
born in Mukwonago, Waukesha county, 
January 6, 1843. The first of the Elmore 
family in the United States, of whom our 
subject is a worthy representative, were 
three brothers who came from England, 
one settling in New York State, one in 
Connecticut, and the third in South Caro- 
lina, the first of the three being the im- 
mediate progenitor of Mayor Elmore. 

Our subject received his elementary 
education at the common schools of his 
native town, whijh was supplemented 
with a course of study at the East Troy 
school taught by Mr. Markham, who after- 
ward became princijjal of the " Markham 
Academy," Milwaukee. At the age of 
fifteen he entered Racine College, which 
he attended two years, and we then find 
him connected with his father's mercan- 

tile business in Mukwonago, later in the 
capacit}' of reporter for various news- 
papers, being stationed, during the winter 
of 1862-63, at Madison, Wis. In the 
spring of 1863 he came to Green Bay, 
and engaged in the grain elevator and for- 
warding business, in which he remained 
until 1877, removing then to Milwaukee, 
where, for a year, he was interested in 
the commission trade, after which he 
spent several years in traveling and 
employing his time at various occupa- 
tions. Two summers he spent in New 
York; was in the Black Hills and in 
Arizona; at Crystal Falls, Mich., where, 
for one year (1882), he was superintend- 
ent of the Crystal Falls Iron Company. 
Returning to Green Bay, he received the 
appointment. May, 1884, of receiver for 
Strong's bank, the mi.xed-up affairs of 
which institution he succeeded in unravel- 
ing and clearing up in such a highly credit- 
able and satisfactory manner as to receive 
from all concerned, including the judge of 
the court, the highest encomiums, the 
upshot being his appointment at different 
times as assignee to various estates. Mr. 
Elmore's ne.xt occupation was in the 
manufacture of and dealing in cedar poles, 
ties, piling posts, shingles, etc., in which 
line he has since done a remarkably large 
business, and at the present time he is in 
partnership with James Delaney. of Fort 

Mr. Elmore has at various times had 
abundant proof of his popularity by elec- 
tion to various positions of honor and 
trust, including, more than once, the 
highest civic office in the gift of the 
people. In 1873 he was elected, without 
opposition, the first mayor of Fort How- 
ard; also served as alderman of the same 
borough, and after coming to Green Bay, 
in 1 883, he was elected mayor of that city 
in 1890. which incumbency he has since 
filled continuously, having been elected 
twice without opposition, and once (1892) 
over an opponent who succeeded in cap- 
turing only about one-fourth of the votes. 
Mr. Elmore was again elected in 1895. 


Although known to be a stanch Demo- 
crat, still he has always had the support 
of all parties, regardless of political bias, 
the general feeling being that the chief 
magistrate of a city should be a man />ro 
bono publico, and not a politician. 

Since assuming the reins of civic gov- 
ernment in Green Bay, Mayor Elmore 
has had the pleasure of seeing vast im- 
provements in the fast rising city, among 
which may be mentioned a couple of miles 
of cedar block paving; several miles of 
sewers; two old bridges rebuilt, and a new 
one erected; the reorganization of the 
Fire Department, which is now in all re- 
spects a model one, equipped with the 
Gamewell fire-alarm telegraph system, 
besides many other improvements, all 
tending to place Green Bay among the 
model cities of the State. The latest 
project, in the way of public progressive- 
ness, is the new high school, which, it is 
intended, is to be built of Lake Superior 
red sandstone, and which will be an orna- 
ment to the city. To his efforts, also. 
Green Bay is indebted for the best system 
of street railroads in the United States, 
everything pertaining to it being of the 
most modern design. 

On January 19, 1876, Mayor Elmore 
was married to Miss Anna Leola Chap- 
man, daughter of Col. William Chapman, 
U. S. A., and one child has been born to 
them, named William Chapman. Mrs. 
Elmore is a prominent member of the 
Daughters of the Revolution, of which 
she was appointed regent for the State of 
Wisconsin. Mayor Elmore is a member 
of the F. & A. M., and is a Knight Temp- 
lar; he is also affiliated with the Order of 

well-known, popular and promi- 
nent citizen of Green Bay, of 
which flourishing city he has 
been postmaster since 1892, is a native 
of Detmold, Germany, born May 24, 

Carl Ludwig Kustermann, grandfather 
of our subject, was a farmer and mechanic 
(as was his father before him) in Schoet- 
mar (Lippe-Detmold), and died there in 
advanced life, the parent of a large 
family of children, one of whom, Carl 
(father of our subject), was born in 1820, 
also in Schoetmar. He (Carl) was reared 
to the trade of gunsmith, and was em- 
ployed as such in the German army for 
nearl}' thirty years, also serving in the 
Schleswig-Holstein campaign and the 
Prussian-Austrian war of 1866. In 1846 
he married Julia Wolleben, daughter of 
Gustav Wolleben, by which union four 
children were born — all sons — to-wit: 
Carl, Gustav, Robert and Otto, the last 
named dying at the age of fourteen years; 
Robert was in partnership with his 
brother Gustav in the book and music 
business at Green Bay until 1894; Carl 
and Gustav will be more fully spoken of 
farther on. The mother of this family 
died in 1886, the father in 1894. 

Gustav Kustermann, whose name in- 
troduces this sketch, received his educa- 
tion at the gymnasium or high school in 
Detmold, graduating therefrom, and when 
fourteen years old went to the city of 
Hamburg, where he served a three-years' 
apprenticeship to the wholesale dry -goods 
business. At the age of eighteen, in 
1868, he emigrated to America, from the 
port of debarkation coming direct to 
Wisconsin and Green Bay, whither, not 
long before, two of his old schoolmates 
had come and settled. Here he clerked 
in the hardware store of St. Louis 
Case & Co., but at the end of about six 
months secured the position of book- 
keeper in the office of the Green Bay 
Advocate, at that time owned by Robin- 
son & Bro., and filled the incumbency 
with the utmost satisfaction for three 
years, or until 1872. On March 15 of 
that year, in company with Louis Neese 
and Erastus Root, he established in 
Green Bay a stationery and job-printing 
business, the style of the firm being 
"Neese, Kustermann & Root "; but De- 



cember 15, 1873, the firm experienced a 
change, Mr. Root and a Mr. Kimball tak- 
ing the job-printing branch, our subject 
and Mr. Neese retaining the stationery de- 
partment, adding thereto music and 
musical instruments, the name of the 
firm being Neese & Kustermann until 
May I, 1876, when Mr. Kustermann 
bought out Mr. Neese's' share, and from 
that time until 1880 carried on the con- 
cern alone. In that year his brother 
Robert became associated with him in 
the business, the partnership existing till 
1894, when the latter retired from the 
firm (as already stated), since when our 
subject has continued the business alone. 
He carries a well-assorted line of sta- 
tionery and all its adjuncts, as well as 
a complete assortment of musical instru- 
ments, his trade in these particular lines 
not being surpassed by any similar enter- 
prise in northern Wisconsin. In all his 
business obligations he is prompt and 
reliable, and his innate courte,sy and 
obliging disposition have brought him 
hosts of friends and customers. 

Mr. Kustermann is a ready writer, as 
well as a clear, forcible speaker, in either 
English, German or French, and his 
trenchant pen has contributed not a few 
interesting articles to one or other of the 
standard European journals, among which 
may be mentioned Dii- Gartciilauhc, pub- 
lished in Leipzig, l)esides political articles 
during election campaigns, to home jour- 
nals, especially the leading newspapers of 
Milwaukee. Recentlj' he compiled a high- 
ly-interesting work on the ' ' World's Fair " 
or "Columbian Exposition," being a col- 
lection of articles written by him for a 
newspaper published in his native town. 
In oratory he has secured a wide reputa- 
tion as a good, reliable all-round political 
speaker, whether on the "stump" or on 
the platform, and he has always been 
affiliated with the Republican party, 
wherein he has never failed to exert a 
substantial influence. Nor have his 
efforts for the cause remained altogether 
unrewarded. Twice was he nominated 

for Congress, although through no fault 
of his own on each occasion he had the 
minority; but, by his pure, yet forcible 
language, clear and concise reasoning, he 
left upon the minds of his auditors a last- 
ing impression that there was a man 
among them worthy not only of the metal 
of any political foe, but also of the respect 
and esteem of the community at large — a 
citizen, in truth, of whom the State might 
well feel proud. During the last political 
campaign he was urged by some of the 
leading spirits of his party to become a 
candidate for the highest State office in 
the gift of the people; but he resolutely 
declined to "listen to the song of the 
Siren." Indeed, it has been said, and in 
no spirit of mere flattery, that, without 
doubt, Mr. Kustermann, in point of edu- 
cation and natural ability, is one of the 
most representative German-American 
citizens in the State of Wisconsin. In 
February, 1892, he was appointed post- 
master at Green Bay by President Harri- 
son, and is still holding the office, his 
term expiring in 1896. In civic affairs he 
has served in the city council of Green 
Bay, also aa city treasurer, and has been 
a member of the county board. 

On June 12, 1875, our subject was 
united in marriage with Miss Emma Schel- 
lenbeck, of Green Bay, and four children, 
all daughters, named respectively: Tillie, 
Alma. Olga and Emma, have come to 
bless their home. 

C.M<L KisTEKM,'\NN, eldest son of Carl 
and Julia (Wolleben) Kustermann has 
been assistant postmaster at Green Bay 
since 1 892. He was born in Detmold, Ger- 
many, October 29, 1847, and in 1868 
came to Green Bay, where he first found 
employment as clerk in the dry-goods 
store of D. Butler. At the end of a year 
he entered the office of the register of 
deeds, where he clerked some twelve 
months, his next emjiloyment being as 
bookkeeper for a lumber company at Lit- 
tle Sturgeon Bay, an incumbency he filled 
three years. In 1873 he paid a six- 
months' visit to Europe, and on his return 



to Green Bay engaged for his own ac- 
count in a white-goods and shirt-factor}' 
business; but finding the same unprofit- 
able, he accepted a position as manager 
of the shoe and clothing store of B. Fol- 
lett, holding the same for two years, at 
the end of which time he entered the 
Green Bay Savings Bank as assistant 
cashier. In 1878 the bank affairs were 
wound up, and Mr. Kustermann removed 
to Helenville, Jefferson Co., Wis., where 
for six years he conducted a general store; 
then returned to Green Bay to fill the 
position of bookkeeper for Anson Eldred 
& Son, lumber merchants, but, in 1892, 
he left this to accept his present position 
in the postoffice. 

In 1873 Carl Kustermann was married 
to Miss Margaret Grimm, who was born 
in Jefferson, Wis., daughter of Adam 
Grimm, the celebrated apiarist, who died 
in 1876. To Mr. and Mrs. Kustermann 
were born two children, Julia and Agnes, 
who lost their mother in 1882, and in 
1884 their father was married to Miss 
Anna Haubert, of White Water, Wis., 
daughter of Joseph and Marie (Rust) 
Haubert, natives of Bavaria, Germany. 
By this marriage there are three children: 
Otto, Erna and Herbert. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kustermann are members of St. Paul's 
German Lutheran Church, and in his 
political preferences he is a Republican 
in national affairs, but independent in 
local issues. 

in America, of which the subject 
of this sketch is a worthy mem- 
ber, dates back to one Richard 
Kimball, who in 1634 came from Ipswich, 
county of Suffolk, England, to America. 
It is presumed that he settled in Ipswich, 
Essex Co., Mass., for his son Henry is 
known to have been a resident of that 
town in 1640, while another son, Thomas, 
was in Charlestown, Suffolk county, 
in 1653. 

Boyce Kimball, a lineal descendant of 
the immigrant Richard, was born June 
26, 1 73 1, in Ipswich, Mass., where he 
married, and the children born to him 
were as follows: Boyce, Rebecca, Jona- 
than, Ebenezer, Mary, Susanna, Pris- 
cilla, Timothy, Richard, Amasa and Ruel. 
Of these, Ruel Kimball was married Jan-, 
uary i, 1799, to Hannah Mather, and 
settled in Marlboro, Vt., where he was a 
Presbyterian minister. The children born 
to this union were Ruel, Amanda, Cotton, 
Hulda, Alonzo, David M., Lucy (who 
married Re\'. Henry Bannister, of Evans- 
ton, 111.), Mary, Harriet and Martin L. , 
Alonzo, our Subject, being the only sur- 
vivor; Amanda, the second in the family, 
married Alanson Merwin, and they cele- 
brated their golden wedding in 1875. 
Ruel Kimball was for the most part self- 
educated, and was a man of strong con- 
victions, one who represented the true 
type of orthodox Presbyterianism. He 
was a very useful man, was beloved for 
his many good qualities of head and 
heart, and was possessed of sound com- 
mon sense and judgment. He could 
draw a deed or contract of any kind, and 
was an adviser and friend to all. He died 
at East Hampton, Mass., October i, 
1847. Mrs. Hannah (Mather) Kimball, 
mother of our subject, was a daughter of 
Timothy Mather, who was a descendant 
of Increase Mather, the father of Cotton 
Mather. She was a woman of great 
force of character, and may be said to 
have inherited much of the spirit of her 
noble ancestors. She died in Leyden, 
N. Y. , at the age of seventy-eight years, 
eight months and eight days. 

Alonzo Kimball, the subject proper of 
these lines, was born November 20, 1808, 
in the town of Le Ray, Jefferson county, 
N. Y. , and received his primary educa- 
tion at various schools, which was sup- 
plemented with a course at Union 
College, Schenectady, N. Y. , where he 
graduated in 1836, while Dr. Nott was 
president. After this he taught school 
about ten years, and then engaged in 








business, conducting a general store in 
Green Bay several years, whither he 
came May 22, 1849; in 1854 he com- 
menced the hardware business. From 
the time of his first entering the arena of 
commercial trade success followed his 
efforts, and his reputation for honest}- 
and veracity became as a household word 
in the Fox River Valley. On October i, 
I S40, Mr. Kimball married Miss Sarah 
Weston, daughter of Rev. Isaiah Weston, 
who, during the war of 181 2, was revenue 
collector at New Bedford, Mass., and 
later lived in Dalton, same State, where 
he was engaged in business, and preached 
the Gospel of love to the people. He 
died there of paralysis February 17, 1821, 
aged forty-eight years and sixteen days, 
deepl}' lamented. Six children blessed 
the union of Mr. and Mrs. Kimball, viz. : 
Mary C, A. Weston, Charles T. , Mather 
D., Sarah and William Dwight; of whom 
A. Weston is general agent of Illinois for 
the Northwestern Life Insurance Com- 
pany of Milwaukee, and has made an 
enviable record; Mather D. is in the em- 
plo\- of the same company; Charles T. 
conducts his father's business; Mary C. 
is the wife of M. H. Walker, and Sarah 
married L. B. Sale, who was drowned 
in the Fox river with his two sons, 
Richard and Robert; William Dwight 
died at the age of two years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Kimball lived a happy life together 
of over half a century, having celebrated 
their golden wedding October i, 1890. 
She died in Green Bay June 27, 1891, 
aged nearly ninety years, an active mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church. Charity 
was her twin sister. Rich and poor 
alike, she called them all her friends, and 
her name and deeds of benevolence will 
lung be held in blessed remembrance by 
the people. Mr. Kiniball is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church at Green Bay, 
and was appointed an elder in 1858. His 
venerable appearance on the streets, 
bearing on his snowy head the winter of 
over eighty-six years, reminds the passers- 
by of the patriarchs of old, and the 

respect shown is evidence sufficient of 
the high esteem in which he is held 
by all. 

D., who is fast making his way 
to the front rank of his profes- 
sion, not only as a physician in 
general practice, but also as an oculist and 
aurist, as a specialist, is jet a young man, 
with the promise of a brilliant future before 

He is a native of Green Bay, Wis., 
born October 19, 1868, a son of Frank 
and Nellie (Magher) Hagen, the former 
of whom was born in Frankfort, Germany, 
and when a seven-year-old lad came to 
the United States with his parents. For 
a time they made their home in Fond du 
Lac, Wis. , finally removing to Winona, 
Minn., where Frank grew to manhood, 
after which he returned to Wisconsin and 
was engaged in business in Oshkosh till 
1865, the year of his coming to Green 
Bay. Here he established a livery-stable 
business, which he carried on successfully 
some twenty-seven years, eventually 
becoming actively interested in a stone 
quarry and in a steamboat line; he also 
takes government contracts for the build- 
ing of piers, breakwaters, etc. His wife 
is a native of Ireland, and, coming to this 
country when young, was reared to woman- 
hood in Cleveland, Ohio ; she is the 
mother of four children, viz. : Frank, 
Walter T., William and Mary. 

The subject proper of this sketch 
received his elementary education at the 
common and high schools of Green Bay, 
and learned the trade of printer in Eras- 
tus Root's office. When seventeen years 
old he entered a drug store in Green Bay, 
subsequently clerking in one at Stephen- 
son. Mich., prior to which. Jidy i. 18S5, 
he had commenced the stwdy of medicine 
under the preceptorship of Dr. J. K. 
Brandt, formerly a well-known pliysician, 
of Brown county. Wis., now of I'hicago. 
Being now fully prepared for roliege. our 


subject entered the University of Michi- 
gan, at Ann Arbor, October i, 1885; but 
ill health prevented him from completing 
his course, and at the end of two years he 
had to return home. In October, 1889, 
he entered Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, where, after two years' 
attendance, he graduated April 15, 1891, 
during which time he made a special study 
of the eye and ear. Along with some 
friends he took the State (Pennsylvania) 
examination, which he passed satisfactor- 
ily, and he is also registered in the State 
of Illinois. In July, 1891, he returned to 
Green Bay, where he opened an office, 
and after about one month's general 
practice became assistant to Dr. E. W. 
Bartlett, the eminent eye and ear special- 
ist, of Milwaukee. At the end of si.x 
months he returned to Philadelphia, and 
took a private course in general medicine 
and literature, at the same time holding 
the position of assistant in the Eye and 
Ear Department of Jefferson Medical 
College Hospital. 

On December 10, 1892, he again 
returned to Green Bay, and at once com- 
menced the practice of his chosen pro- 
fession, in which he has met with emi- 
nent success, particularly in his specialty — 
eye, ear and throat treatment — in which, 
as an ardent student, thoroughly read-up 
in all the details, he has no superior and 
but few peers in the State. Socially the 
Doctor is a member of the I. O. O. F. , 
and in politics he is an active Republican. 

But few men have come more 
directly in contact with the mone- 
tary institutions, and the business 
men of the country, and none have com- 
manded more completely their respect 
and confidence than this gentleman. His 
ancestors in this country were not only 
early English colonists of the educated 
and wealthy class, but were active in the 
affairs of the colony of New York, Massa- 
chusetts and Connecticut — men of high 

standing in professional, commercial, poli- 
tical and also military affairs of those 
early days in New England. 

The name Lawton was original spelled 
and pronounced Layton, by some simple 
metamorphosis becoming, during the life- 
time of the eldest born in this country, 
what it now is. Capt. Lawton traces his 
ancestry to one John Layton, who was 
born in 1630, and who, in 1652, at the 
age of twenty-two years, in company with 
others, mostly from Connecticut and other 
portions of New England colonies, settled 
in Newtown, Long Island, N. Y. Twenty- 
eight members of this colony, John Lay- 
ton being of their number, purchased 
farms direct from the Indian owners, 
although also purchasing titles from the 
government of New Netherlands, of which 
Peter Stu\-vesant was then governor; and 
it is worthy of record that this purchase 
from the Indians was the only one of 
that kind made, excepting a similiar 
transaction effected by \\'illiam Penn, in 
Pennsylvania. During John Layton's resi- 
dence in New Netherlands, that colony 
fell into the hands of the Duke of York, 
and on account of the active and promin- 
ent part he took against Governor Stuy- 
vesant, Layton made many enemies among 
the Dutch colonists. Consequently he 
moved with his family to Suffield, Conn. , 
where he died September 17, 1690, and 
was buried in the Presbyterian graveyard 
by the side of his wife, Benedicta. Their 
gravestones are still (1894) extant, and 
the name inscribed thereon is plainly 
"Lawton," so that the change oi the 
spelling of the name presumabh' must 
have taken place some time in the latter 
part of the seventeenth century. John 
Layton was married twice; the first time 
September 21, 1659, to Johanna Williams, 
by whom he had one daughter, Mary. 
His second marriage occurred at Ports- 
mouth, R. I., in 1665, the lady of his 
choice being Benedicta, and to this union 
were born three children (perhaps more) 
as follows: Benedicta, born October 13, 
1666, married in 1683; William, born 



April 15, 1669, died May 8, 1677; and 
James, born April 5, 1673, married 
November 9, 1693, to Abigail Lamb, who 
bore him two children, both dying young; 
the mother passed away November 14, 
1696. For his second wife James married 
Faith Newell, who bore him five children, 
their names and dates of birth being as 
follows: Christopher Jacob, July 20, 1701; 
Charity, November 8, 1703; Mercy, 
November 23, 1705; John, April 26, 1708, 
and died August 22, 17 14. 

Christopher Jacob Lavvton, the eldest 
of this family, was the great-great-grand- 
father of Capt. Joseph G. Lawton. He 
was married in 1731 to Abigail Kellogg, 
who was born in Leicester, Mass., in 
1702, and died in 1734. He was a law- 
yer of considerable note, spoken of in 
Washburn's History as an honor and or- 
nament to his profession. In 1735 he 
moved to Leicester, Mass., where he 
served as a member of the general court 
of Massachusetts during the years 1736, 
'739. 1740 and 1741, and as moderator 
of the court in 1739. He had one child, 
Pliny, born in 1732, in Suffield, Conn., 
and married, in 1750, to Lucretia Sar- 
gent, a great-granddaughter of William 
Sargent who came from lingland in 1638. 
By this marriage there was but one child 
who did not die young — \\'illiam, born 
April 9, 1759. Pliny Lawton was a phy- 
sician, becoming prominent in his pro- 
fession at Leicester, Mass. ; he died from 
small-pox, and was buried in one of his 
own fields. William Lavvton, his son, 
who also became a physician and sur- 
geon, served during the war of the Rev- 
olution, in the Fifth Regiment Massachu- 
setts infantry, and in 1794 was ajipointed 
by President George Washington as sur- 
geon at West Point. In 1784 he was 
married in the Presbyterian Church at 
Flushing, L. I., by Rev. Matthias Bur- 
net, to Abigail Farrington, who died 
about the year 1800, and was buried at 
Flushing. To this marriage were born 
four children, viz.: Charles (father of the 
subject prrjper of this sketch, ami of 

whom further mention will presently be 
made); Mary, born October 23, 1789, 
married John Ogihie Roorbach (had si.\ 
children: William, Benjamin, Charles L. , 
Mary, John Ogilvie, Jr., and Sarahj; 
Amelia, born in 1792; and William, born 
at West Point, N. Y. , in 1795, married 
January 17, 18 17, to Maria R. Guion 
(had si.x children: Frederick, Franklin, 
Julia, Cornelia, Maria and J. Warrenj. 

Charles Lawton, eldest son of Dr. 
William and Abigail (Farrington) Lawton 
was born at Leicester, Mass., in 1787. 
On January 17, 1809, he was married in 
New York City to Miss Sophia Dobson 
Willson. In the war of i 812-14 he was 
commissioned a captain, and served as 
such to the close of the struggle, after 
which he returned to New York where he 
became actively engaged in business for 
some years. In 1826 he and his brother 
William, and others, organized what is 
known as the "Board of Brokers, " the 
nucleus of the present New York Stock Ex- 
change. At one time he served as treasurer 
of the City of New York. In 1827 he 
moved to Ogdensburg, N. Y. , and was 
there engaged in the lumber business until 
1830 when he decided to move to Potts- 
ville, Penn., where there were extensive 
mining operations, and the following brief 
account of their trip may not be uninter- 
esting to the reader: 

The family and servants, all told, com- 
prised nineteen persons, of whom the two 
eldest sons had gone on before, the coach- 
man and cook traveling the entire dis- 
tance in the family carriage. That left 
fifteen persons to go by steamboat from 
Ogdensburg to Oswego. They left their 
own home for a hotel, there to await the 
departure of the steamer which was de- 
layed in starting. At last, about 9 o'clock 
p. M., all was ready to "get aboartl, "but 
before starting the captain of the steamer 
recommended Mr. Charles Lawton, as 
his party was a pretty large one, to 
"count noses," to make sure that all 
were on the steamer. This being done, 
to their surprise one was missing; a search 


was made, and on returning to the hotel, 
behold! a young son was discovered sound 
asleep across the foot of the bed, so well 
•covered up with the bed clothes that he 
had been overlooked. This young son 
was Joseph G. Lawton, eight years old, 
the subject of this biographical sketch. 
From Oswego the family proceeded by 
canal to Albany, N. Y. , thence by steam- 
boat to New York, from which city a 
chartered stage-coach conveyed them to 
Philadelphia, while from that point another 
chartered stage-coach carried them to their 
destination, Pottsville, Penn., one hun- 
dred miles distant, the family arriving 
October 4, 1830. Until a residence which 
Mr. Lawton had engaged was prepared 
for their reception, they took up their 
quarters at a new hotel at Port Carbon; 
but as soon as possible moved into the 
house. In this they made their home one 
year, and then removed into a more com- 
modious residence which Mr. Lawton 
bought, and this comparatively elegant 
home the family occupied many years. 

Charles Lawton ere long took a very 
prominent and active part in business mat- 
ters and other affairs of Pottsville, becom- 
ing one of the most extensive miners and 
shippers of coal at that place. He died 
there July 21, 185S; his wife passed from 
earth April 19, 1844, while on a visit to 
New York City, and they rest side by side 
in the cemetery at Pottsville. Fourteen 
children were born to them as follows: 
John Willson, born April 22, 1810 (never 
married); Alfred Tom, born August 16, 
181 1, married October 16, 1834, to Mary 
Kern Nichols, daughter of Francis B. 
Nichols, who was on board the U. S. 
frigate "Chesapeake" in her memorable 
fight with the British frigate "Shannon," 
on which occasion he was wounded by a 
ball which entered his left side below the 
heart, passed thence down into the groin, 
causing lameness for many years; Mary 
Willson, born March 28, 181 3, married 
May 10, 1832, to William H. Mann, of 
Pottsville, and died November 12, 1879; 
Sophia Matilda, born September 15, 181 5, 

married Charles Warder Bacon May 10, 
1832, and died December 22, 1839; 
Charles, born April 27, 181 7, married at 
Pottsville, Penn., April 7, 1842, to Eliza- 
beth Evans Ridgeway, and died April 17, 
1 891; Catherine Dobson, born Decem- 
ber 31, 1 8 18, married April 11, 1843, at 
Pottsville, Penn., to John Charles Neville, 
now of Green Bay, Wis., and died April 
16, 1876; William, born April 15, 1820, 
died August 5, 1820; Joseph Grellet, sub- 
ject proper of sketch, whose personal 
biography is given further on; Sarah Havi- 
land, born May i, 1823, twice married, 
first time October 5, 1847, to Alfred Sab- 
baton (who died), second time June 28, 
1858, to William Henry Bruce Gilbert, 
and now lives at De Pere, Wis. ; Walter 
Van Wagener, born October 8, 1824, 
married to Julia Willis, who died June 5, 
1 88 1, and for his second wife wedded 
Elizabeth E. Eustis, and died September 
30, 1888, at Boston, Mass., Amelia, born 
December 6, 1825, married May 13, 
1848, to John Ogilvie Roorbach, and now 
lives at Mystic, Conn. ; William ThornT 
ton, born December 6, 1828, died Octo- 
ber 14, 1833; George Augustus, born De- 
cember 6, 1829, married April 18, 1853, 
at Green Bay, Wis., to Sophie Pauline 
Mitchell, and now lives at Alton, Rock 
Co. , Wis. ; and Anna Maria, born August 
9, 1834, married at Erie, Penn., March 
4, 1858, to George Selden, and died 
March 2, 1871, at Erie. 

Capt. Joseph G. Lawton, whose name 
introduces this sketch, was born February 
14, 1822, in New York City, where, on 
Broome street, his father had erected 
four fine dwelling houses, in one of which 
it was destined our subject should first see 
the light. He safely passed through the 
years of his childhood and earlier boy- 
hood, and was in his ninth year when the 
family made their memorable trip from 
Ogdensburg, N. Y. , to Pottsville, Penn. 
At the latter city he was placed in a pri- 
vate school kept by one Silas Hough, 
where he received his elementary instruc- 
tion, and then at the end of one year 



entered the high school of the place. In 
this educational institution he remained 
until he was was about fourteen j'ears old, 
after which he became a student at the 
Pennsylvania University at Philadelphia, 
leaving at the close of one year to enter 
upon his first business training. This was 
in a fruit and wine importing house, in 
Philadelphia, in which he remained until 
1840, when he returned to Pottsville, and 
soon afterward, in company with his 
brother John, and assisted by his father, 
purchased the Mammoth Vein Coal Mine, 
on Mill creek, at the foot of Broad moun- 
tain, which they operated until 1849, also 
conducting in connection a general store. 
In that same year our subject began the 
study of law. 

Having heard and read much of the 
brilliant opportunities awaiting men of 
energy in the West, he on March i, 1851, 
set out on a prospecting tour, to Green 
Bay., arriving there on the 17th of the 
same month. So favorably was he im- 
pressed with the country and its surround- 
ings, that he at once returned to Potts- 
ville, and made preparations to move his 
family to the new Wisconsin Eldc^rado. 
Accordingly, a party — consisting of his 
wife and four children; his brother-in-law, 
W. H. Mann, wife and two children; his 
brother, G. A. Lawton, and sister. Anna 
Maria Lawton — set out with their effects, 
arriving at Green Bay .August 4, 1851. 
In 1852 J. G. Lawton formed a partner- 
ship with Otto Tank, for the purpose of 
operating a foundry and machine shop at 
Fort Howard, and same year purchased 
Private Claim 12 and 13, 450 acres on 
the west side of Fox river. Hereon he 
built a commodious house, into which the 
family moved December 14, i<S52. In 
the spring of the following year he organ- 
ized in Green Bay, under State charter, 
the Fox River Bank, of which he was 
elected president and his brother, G. A., 
cashier. In June, same year, the partner- 
ship between him and Mr. Tank was dis- 
solved. During all these years Mr. Law- 
ton, busy as he was, still found time to 

prosecute his law studies, and could have 
been admitted to the bar, had he not, at 
the request of Morgan L. Martin, pro- 
ceeded to New York for the purpose of 
selling the bonds which he received for 
carrying on the improvements on Fox 
river, under contract with the State. Mr. 
Lawton succeeded in his mission, and in 
December, 1853, proceeded to Madison, 
Wis. , to attend the Legislative Assembly, 
in the interest of Morgan L. Martin, to 
endeavor to secure the issue of bonds by 
the governor, as per contract with the 
State. After no little delay and consid- 
erable effort, this important mission sub- 
stantially was successful. Mr. Lawton's 
success depended in a great measure on the 
interpretation of the laws already passed, 
which laws the opponents of the improve- 
ment refused to execute. Then the friends 
of the improvement suggested to Mr. 
Lawton that he should form a companj' 
to complete the improvement, and prom- 
ised that they would give himself and 
friends a liberal charter. Having secured 
the consent of Morgan L. Martin, Mr. 
Lawton himself drew up a charter which 
was presented to that session of the Leg- 
islature. At that time, however, there 
was great excitement over the impeach- 
ment of Judge Hubbell, and the Legisla- 
ture decided to try the impeachment at 
an adjourned meeting to be held in June 
following, when, after the acquittal of 
Judge Hubbell, the Legislature took up 
the subject of the Fox and Wisconsin im- 
provement, and granted a charter to 
Morgan L. Martin, Dr. Darling, Otto 
Tank, Joseph G. Lawton, Edward Conk- 
lin and Dr. U. H. Peak (who were incor- 
porated as the Fox and Wisconsin Im- 
provement Company) conditional that they 
each enter into a bond of $10,000 for the 
faithful performance of their part of the 
contract. Prior to the meeting of the 
adjourned session of the Legislature in 
June, 1854, Mr. Lawton had purchased 
from the executor of the estate of Joshua 
F. Cox, the undivided half interest in the 
town plat of De Pcre as well as of the 


water power of the De Pere dam on both 
sides of the Fox river at De Pere. Imme- 
diately after receipt of the charter of the 
Fox and Wisconsin Improvement Com- 
pany they organized, executed the requisite 
bonds to the State, and appointed a com- 
mittee consisting of Morgan L. Martin, 
Dr. Dariing and Joseph G. Lawton, to 
proceed to New York in order to negotiate 
requisite funds for the company. This 
the committee succeeded in doing, and 
while in New York Mr. Lawton arranged 
with John & A. H. Lowery, owners of 
the other undivided half of the Joshua F. 
Cox estate, to deed the whole estate to a 
company called the " De Pere Company," 
and to issue bonds for the improvement of 

Early in 1855 Mr. Lawton purchased 
the stock of the Erie City Bank, at Erie, 
Penn., and in June of the same year 
moved with his family to that city in or- 
der to fill the position of cashier of that 
institution, an incumbency he filled until 
1857. In 1858 he sold the Erie City 
Bank to C. B. Wright, then of Philadel- 
phia, Penn.. and on June 7, that year, 
returned to Wisconsin with his family, 
locating at De Pere. In 1856 he had 
founded the Brown County Bank of De- 
Pere with a capital of $25,000, appoint- 
ing G. A. Lawton, president, and J. O. 
Roorbach, cashier. On August 4, 1858, 
he commenced the erection of a stone 
dwelling in De Pere, on the north end of 
Broadway, on Private Claim 28, into 
which he moved with his family on the 
last day of that \ear. New Year's Eve be- 
ing celebrated within the new and elegant 
structure. After leaving the army in 1863 
(an account of his military experience ap- 
pears farther on), and recovering some- 
what from an illness brought on by ex- 
posure in the service, he set out east on 
December 3 1 , that year, to arrange for the 
erection of a sta\e factory at West De- 
Pere, also for the erecting of a smelting 
furnace and flax factor}'. Succeeding in 
his mission, these enterprises were at 
once commenced. In Ma}', 1863, he 

laid out and platted all that part of West 
De Pere lying on Private Claim 28. In 
the same year he built a wing dam on the 
west side of the river, and dug a canal 
200 feet long, which in 1867 was extend- 
ed 600 feet farther. In 1864 he built a 
new bridge 1,500 feet long between East 
and West De Pere; also built a sash and 
door factory — 80 x 40 feet — in West De- 
Pere; and it may be here noted that his 
work here during the two years, 1863-64, 
increased the population of West De- 
Pere from 150 to 2,500. From 1858 to 
1 88 1 the family lived in the stone house 
he had built at the north end of Broad- 
way, East De Pere, and cleared and 
farmed a 200-acre tract of land, and in 
1889 he moved into his present residence, 
No. 610, Broadway. Since 1881 the 
Captain has lived a retired life. 

On February 19, 1844, Capt. Joseph 
G. Lawton was married to Miss Ellen V. 
Baird, daughter of Capt. Thomas J. 
Baird of the U. S. army, and grand-daugh- 
ter of Mathew Carey, the Philadelphia 
publisher and philanthropist, who pub- 
lished the first Bible printed from mova- 
ble type in the United States, a copy of 
which, dated 1812, is now owned by Capt. 
Lawton. Henry C. Carey, an uncle of 
Mrs. Ellen V. Lawton, was a well-known 
author of standard works on political econ- 
omy. To the marriage of Capt. Lawton 
and Ellen V. (Baird) Lawton were born 
children as follows: Charles Augustus, 
December 16, 1844, Fannie Augusta, 
August 30, 1846, Henry Carey, May 23, 
1848 fdied February 3, 1858), and Caro- 
line Virginia, May 13, 1850, all born in 
St. Clair, Penn. ; Sophie Willson, August 
2, 1852, in Green Bay, Wis.; Ellen Jose- 
phine, August I, 1854, in Fort Howard, 
Wis., died February 3, 1888. Of these, 
Charles Augustus was married September 
5, 1866, in De Pere, Wis., to Elcey Mor- 
gan Arndt, who was born November 27, 
1846; they have two children, Edward 
Wallace, born October 20, 1867, and 
Ellen Baird, born April 9, 1869. Fannie 
Augusta was married at De Pere Septem- 



ber 26, 1867, to Jeremiah S. Dunham, 
and they also have two children: Lewis 
Augustus, born February 10, 1869; and 
Edith Virginia, born May 17, 1872. Caro- 
line Virginia was married in De Pere. Oc- 
tober 4, 1876, to Archie Lynn Gowey, 
and they have six children: Archie Lynn, 
Eliza Carey, Paul Eugene, Pauline 
Eugenie, Ellen Virginia and Clarence 
Parish. Ellen Josephine married, June 
25, 1S79, Erwin A. Thompson, and they 
have two children: NanineM., born Aug- 
ust 2, 1 88 1, and Bessie D., born March 
28, 1885. On February 19, 1894, Capt. 
and Mrs. Lawton celebrated their "golden 
wedding," amid many congratulations 
and much rejoicing. Capt. Lawton was 
by birth a member of the Society of 
Friends; but having been married by a 
" hireling Priest " he was " disowned." In 
1 842 he united with the Episcopal Church, 
afterward, in 1887, becoming a member 
of the Presbyterian Church, with which 
he is still associated. In 1843 he joined 
the F. & A. M. and the I. O. O. F. 

Military Record of Capt. Joseph G. 
Laivton. — On August 20, 1861, Joseph 
G. Lawton was authorized, by Governor 
Harvey, of Wisconsin, to raise a com- 
[)any for service in the war of the Rebell- 
ion. By September 22 he had enlisted 
forty men, and soon thereafter received a 
commission as first lieutenant, dated Sep- 
tember 27, 1861; later was commissioned 
captain, and by October 2 i recruited his 
company to one hundred men. On No- 
vember 12 they were ordered into camp 
at Camp Wood, Fond du Lac, arrived 
there on the 15th, and were assigned to 
the I'ourteenth Regiment Wis. V. I. 
The first night they passed at Camp 
Wood, the thermometer registered twenty- 
six degrees below zero. At six a. m., 
March 8, 1862, the Fourteenth regiment 
left Fond du Lac and arrived two days 
later at Benton Barracks, St. Louis, Mo., 
and there were cheered with the view of 
green fields and dry land instead of a 
country covered with snow a foot deep, 
as in Camp Wood. On March 23 they 

left Benton Barracks on steamer ' ' Minne- 
ha-ha" for seat of war; left Cairo, 111., 
March 25, and Paducah, Ky., 26th, arriv- 
ing at Savannah, Ga. , 27th, and disem- 
barking from steamer 28th. Encamped at 
Savannah until April 6, on which day 
they embarked on steamer for Pittsburg 
Landing; disembarked i 1 v. M. same day, 
and by daylight of following morning 
had occupied the right of the left wing of 
General Smith's division. The regiment, 
including Captain Lawton and his com- 
pany, participated in the battle of Pitts- 
burg Landing April 7, 1862, and in a 
charge captured a Rebel battery of three 
guns, which, by Captain Lawton's orders 
and in his presence, were spiked. Dur- 
ing a slight lull in the firing, after the 
spiking of the guns. Captain Lawton ob- 
served a number of soldiers retreating, 
and supposing they were of his company, 
hastened to rally them, and gave them 
orders to get under cover in the woods. 
They obeyed, and then Captain Lawton 
discovered that they were chiefly mem- 
bers of an Illinois regiment who had 
passed through the ranks of his regiment; 
soon afterward an officer of that regiment 
came up and requested Captain Lawton's 
assistance in re-forming the men. This 
was soon accomplished, and their Colonel 
gave the order to march and "fire at 
will." At this the Lieutenant-Colonel 
rode up and asked the Colonel why the 
men should fire when there was no 
enemy in sight; to which he replied: 
"Only to make a noise and let them 
know we are here." Captain Lawton 
fearing that his own regiment would be 
in the line of their fire, unless they had 
retreated, went in search of them and 
meeting a lieutenant of cavalry, the latter 
suggested that the Captain should rally a 
large number of sohliers who had become 
separated from their regiments. This he 
proceeded to do, and on looking arouna 
perceived the color-bearer of his own 
regiment and a corporal guard. Asking 
them where the regiment was, he received 
the reply that "the regiment was all cut 



to pieces." [To do the color-bearer jus- 
tice, it should be added that afterward, 
when he was put on oath by pension ex- 
aminers, he swore that it was not he who 
gave that answer, but the corporal.] 
Capt. Lawton ordered them to halt, 
and then rallied the retreating soldiers 
around the flag, about a dozen of them 
responding. He was also endeavoring to 
get other soldiers to join the little squad, 
which took him some 1 50 yards away, 
and on his return he found that the color- 
bearer and the rest of the rallied soldiers 
had disappeared. The cavalry lieuten- 
ant said they had ' ' gone off into the 
woods to the left;" and while they were 
yet talking a lieutenant of infantry came 
up, and reported to the cavalry lieuten- 
ant that the enemy were in full retreat. 
This being the case, Capt. Lawton re- 
paired to the regimental surgeon's head- 
quarters, which were in sight, and while 
talking with Surgeon Walker, the latter, 
looking over his shoulder, exclaimed to 
Capt. Lawton: "There is your regi- 
ment marching by.' Of course, the re- 
port of the regiment being cut to pieces 
was false or imaginary, as it had been 
ordered to this part of the field to guard 
a battery. The Captain then rejoined 
his regiment, which was marched back to 
place of bivouac, formed in line and or- 
dered to "rest" for the night. During 
the 8th, 9th, loth and nth of April, 
after the fight, the regiment was without 
tents, and every night it rained. 

Capt. Lawton relates some interest- 
ing incidents illu.strative of the bravery 
and coolness of the men, among which 
may be here recorded the following: A 
sixteen-year-old soldier, named Philip 
Duirr, had in his excitement loaded his 
rifle ball-end of cartridge down, instead 
of powder-end, rendering the rifle tempo- 
rarily useless as a firearm. The young 
soldier, running to the Captain, reported 
his mistake, and asked what he should 
do. "Throw away your gun and pick 
up another." "But it's numbered, and 
the boys will say I lost it." "Then take 

your rod and draw the load." So, in 
spite of the enemy's bullets flying thick 
around him, he deliberately extracted the 
charge from the barrel and reloaded his 
rifle, then ran to his captain and reported 
his "gun all right," but he could not 
"return ramrod," as the wormer had 
been screwed too tight on the rod. So 
the captain and he put their united 
strength to the job, but even then could 
not unscrew it. The rod was then 
thrown away and another picked up, and 
he regained the ranks. Another inci- 
dent: After the battle, when the 
wounded were being cared for, Capt. 
Lawton, observing a wounded soldier 
lying on the ground in the hospital tent, 
.stopped to talk to him. He found the 
man had been wounded thirty-six hours 
before, and to all appearance a bullet 
had passed through his body, entering 
his breast near the heart and coming out 
at the back. The unfortunate soldier 
had been given up by one or two of the 
surgeons; but Capt. Lawton, thinking 
that as he had lived so long after being 
wounded there might yet be some chance 
of saving his life, called to his assistance 
a surgeon who had just amputated both 
legs of a soldier at the thighs. This 
surgeon, after carefully examining the 
wound, said to the apparently dying man: 
" You are a good deal better than a dead 
man yet; what you want most is some- 
thing to eat; the ball has not passed 
through your body, but has simply 
entered here in your breast, broken a rib, 
glanced off, and run clear around under 
the skin, and come out at the back." 
The soldier immediately arose, and, 
although weak, walked off in search of 
his company as if nothing had happened; 
he had been lying on the ground nearly 
two days under the impression that he 
had received a fatal wound — such is the 
force of imagination! 

On April 10, Col. Wood, who had 
been appointed provost-marshal of the 
camp, appointed Capt. Lawton officer of 
the day, giving him at the same time the 


use of his horse, and he had to remain in 
the saddle all day long, from early morn- 
ing until night. On the i 5th Gov. Harvey 
and staff arrived, and one of the latter, 
Commissary-Gen. E. Wadsworth, called 
on Capt. Lawton to inform him that 
before starting for the seat of war he had 
been at De Pere and there learned that 
his (Capt. Lawton's) wife was very sick, 
and that the attending physician had said 
that her husband's return home was the 
only hope for her life being saved. Con- 
sequently, on the 1 8th he sent in his 
resignation, which Gen. Wadsworth pre- 
vailed on Col. Wood to accept, and Gov. 
Harvey to approve. On the 19th Capt. 
Lawton accompanied Gov. Harvey to 
Gen. Grant's headquarters, and the Gov- 
ernor induced the General to accept the 
resignation, and grant Capt. Lawton leave 
of absence and transportation home pend- 
ing its approval by Gen. Halleck. The 
Captain accompanied Gov. Harvey to the 
steamboat, on which they were to go to 
Cairo on their way to Wisconsin, and 
just as they arrived at the gangway to the 
upper cabin, some one told the Governor 
that "a man wished to see him." There- 
upon Gov. Harvey requested Capt. Law- 
ton to take up to the cabin a Rebel gun 
and some other relics he was taking home, 
saying he would "be back in a minute." 
The Captain took the articles from him, 
carried them into the cabin, and had just 
laid them on the table when some one 
came on board exclaiming, ' ' the Governor 
is drowned; " he had made a mis-step and 
had fallen off the gang-plank. Capt. 
Lawton left on the evening of the 19th 
and arrived home, a very sick man, on 
the afternoon of April 2^, 1S63. 

of the circuit court of Bnswn 
county, is a native of Belgium, 
l)orn October 24S, 1836, a son of 
Christopher and Mary (Demuyldcr) Water- 
molen. The family immigrated to the 
United States in 1S56, settling in Helle- 

vue township. Brown Co., Wis., where 
the father died three weeks afterward; 
the mother passed from earth in Febru- 
ary, I S60. They were the parents of 
three children, namely: Christopher, 
who resides on the old homestead in 
Bellevue township; Francis, retired, hav- 
ing his residence in Green Bay, and 
Henr}', the subject of this sketch. 

Henry Watermolen was reared and 
educated in his native land, and, as will 
be seen, was twenty years old when he 
came to the New World. For a time, in 
order to become conversant with the Eng- 
lish language, he attended school at 
Henry, 111., subsequently (i 861) taking a 
course at Munn's Business College, Chi- 
cago. In that city he was employed in a 
warehouse and conmiission business, 
through the day, in the evenings attend- 
ing school, until the age of twent)-six, at 
which time he returned to Green Bay. 
Here he engaged in the stave and shingle 
business two years, after which he moved 
to De Pere, same county, and in Febru- 
ary, 1865, embarked in general mercan- 
tile trade, continuing in same till 1882. 
In that year he returned to Green Bay, 
having received the appointment of deputy 
sheriff, an incumbency he filled four years, 
at the end of which time he was elected 
sheriff, serving as such until 188S, when 
he was elected to his present official posi- 

On September 5, 1S65, Mr. \\'ater- 
molen was united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Tuyls, also a native of Bel- 
gium, daughter of John and Anna Marie 
(Van Op. den Bosch) Tuyls, of the same 
country, who came with their family to 
America and to l^rown county. Wis., in 
1855; they died in Preble township. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Watermolen were born 
eight children, four of whom are yet liv- 
ing, to-wit: Isabella, a school teacher in 
Milwaukee, Wis.: Frances A., a student 
in the law office of Ellis & Merrill, Green 
Bay; Louise and Dora. The deceased 
are Charles F., who died in infancy. 
Josephine, at the age of seven and a half 



years, Louie F. , in infancy, and Octavie, 
at the age of four years. The parents 
are members of St. Willebrord's (Catho- 
lic) Church. Mr. Watermolen in poHtics 
is an ardent Democrat, and in addition to 
the pubhc ofifices above mentioned he 
served as a member of the board of trus- 
tees of De Pere; as clerk of Lawrence 
township; assessor for De Pere eight 
years, and for several 3'ears was county 
poor commissioner. 

JR. MINAHAN, M. D. Among the 
eminent physicians and surgeons of 
Brown county, the more prominent 
of whom find place in this volume, 
none enjoys to a greater extent the con- 
fidence and esteem of the community at 
large than the gentleman, although yet a 
young man, whose name is here recorded. 
Dr. J. R. Minahan is a native of Wis- 
consin, born September 6, 1862, in Calu- 
met county, a son of William B. and 
Mary (Shaughnessy) Minahan, natives of 
Ireland, who immigrated thence in single 
life to this country, settling in New York 
State. In New York they were married, 
and in 1850 they came west to Wisconsin, 
locating first in Manitowoc county and 
later in Calumet county, for the most part 
making their home in the town of Chilton. 

S. Sp. Emerson, the great Amer- 
ican writer, has said that ' ' society 
is a troop of thinkers, and the best 
heads among them take the best places," 
an epigram peculiarly applicable to the 
reverend gentleman whose name is here 

The subject of this sketch was born 
a little over fifty years ago, in a suburban 
parish of Colmar, in the (then) French 
Province of Alsace. At an early age he 
began his classical studies in the flourish- 
ing college of that town, where year after 
year he distinguished himself in all his 
classes, and won the esteem and affection 

of his masters and fellow-students. At 
the age of eighteen he felt himself called 
to enter the arena of foreign missions, 
and with that purpose in view entered the 
Society of the Holy Ghost, whose mem- 
bers, though laboring in every part of the 
earth, are chiefly devoted to the conver- 
sion of the heathen in Africa, where they 
have established numerous Christian set- 
tlements. After spending three years at 
the College of Langonnet. in Brittany, 
where he finished his literary studies, he 
took a five-years' philosophical and theo- 
logical course at the seminary of the So- 
ciety in Paris. Here, always crowned 
with marked success, he eagerly availed 
himself of every opportunity to "drink 
deep of the Pierian spring." 

In 1 866 he was raised to the priest- 
hood by Prince Cardinal Chigi, then Papal 
nuncio at the court of Napoleon III. In 
the following year his superiors, instead 
of complying with his desires to devote 
his life to the conversion of the unen- 
lightened natives of the dark continent, 
sent him to Rockwell College, Cashel, 
Ireland, where he remained for twenty- 
two years as master of novices, and pro- 
fessor of almost every branch of educa- 
tion. During the last ten years of Father 
Goepfert's stay in Erin he filled with dis- 
tinction the position of president of Rock- 
well College, which has always ranked 
among the foremost educational institu- 
tions of the country. 

In 1890 our subject came to Michigan, 
and at Dearborn, Wayne county, he was 
for three years the beloved pastor of a 
parish under the direction of the Congre- 
gation of the Holy Ghost, and although 
but a limited field for so eminent a scholar 
and prominent a priest of the Congrega- 
tion, he was the same hard worker in his 
Master's vineyard, and when he was sent 
to his present charge in Green Bay, Wis. , 
he left a record of Christian charity, genial 
characteristics, hospitality, and last, not 
least, hard work in the comforting of the 
unfortunate and the salvation of souls. 
Early in the year 1893 he came to Green 



Bay to take charge of the thriving; parish 
of St. John. 

Besides his many other accomplish- 
ments, Father Goepfert has attained no 
little distinction as an author, having writ- 
ten and published, during his sojourn in 
Ireland, a work of much celebrity, en- 
titled ' • Life of the Venerable Libermann, 
Founder of the Congregation of the Holy 
Ghost;" he also founded and edited till 
his departure from Ireland the popular 
monthly magazine, "The Messenger of 
St. Joseph." In spite of his hard studies 
and harder teaching, as well as the great 
responsibility confided to him. Father 
Goepfert is still active, hale and vigorous, 
and his healthy appearance predicts for 
him a long period yet of energetic useful- 
ness and success as a minister in his new 
field of labor. 

Be. BRETT, M. D., is the oldest 
active practitioner in the city of 
(ireen Bay. He is a native of 
the State of Maine, born in 
Franklin county in 1835, a son of C. H. 
and Mary (Hunter) Brett, also of Maine 
nativity, the mother born in Franklin 
county. About the year 1862 the family 
came west, locating in Minnesota, the 
parents shortly afterward moving to and 
settling in the town of Henry, S. Dak. 
They were quiet, unassuming, farming 
people, in their honorable pursuit, desir- 
ing to live " far from the madding crowd's 
ignoble strife." They were the parents 
of nine children, as follows: B. C.. of 
whom this sketch chiefly relates; Mrs. 
Lucy A. Baker (a widow), residing in St. 
Paul, Minn. ; Mrs. E. P. Baker, in Henry, 
S. Dak.; George E., in Mankato, Minn.; 
Frank K. and Mrs. G. F". Piper, both 
also in Henry, S. Dak., and Jennie M., 
Maud, and Mrs. Sarah Jordan, deceased. 
B. C. Brett received his elementary 
education in the schools of Franklin 
county and Augusta, Maine, and in if^57 
entered the medical department of Bow- 
doin College, Brunswick, same State, 

whence, in 1859, he went to the medical 
department of Dartmouth College, Han- 
over, N. H., where he graduated in the 
class of "60. He then commenced hospi- 
tal and dispensary practice in New York 
City, diligently devoting to it his entire 
time and attention until 1862, in which 
year he came to Highland, Iowa Co., 
Wis. Here, the Civil war being in pro- 
gress, he was offered a commission as 
assi-stant-surgeon to the Sixteenth Wis. 
V. I., which he, however, declined; but 
later (same year) was commissioned as- 
sistant-surgeon to the Twenty-first Wis. 
V. I. , which position he accepted. He 
joined the regiment at Mitchellville, 
Tenn., and served with it throughout the 
campaign in which it participated in the 
battles of Stone River, Chickamauga and 
minor engagements, as well as those 
which occurred during "Sherman's march 
to the sea." In January, 1865, the Doc- 
tor was commissioned surgeon in the 
Seventeenth Wis. V. I., but on account 
of the illness of his wife was obliged to 
decline. In 1865 he was honorably dis- 
charged from the service at Savannah, 
Ga. , and returned to Wisconsin. In 
1866 he commenced the general practice 
of his profession in the town of Brodhead, 
Green county, remaining there until July, 
1872, when he came to Green Bay. In 
addition to his regular practice Dr. Brett 
is A. A. Surgeon in the U. S. Marine 
Hospital Service, has been Health Officer 
of Green Bay fifteen years, and for nine 
years was U. S. Examining Surgeon for 

On April 19, 1860. Dr. B. C. Brett 
was united in marriage with Miss Lucy 
Wilson IJastman, daughter of William H. 
and Eliza Eastman, all of the State of 
Maine, who after the war of the Rebellion 
came to Green Bay; the parents are both 
deceased, the father having died January 
10, 1887, the mother July 17. 1884. To 
Dr. and Mrs. l^rett were born children as 
follows: Frank, who dieil in Green Bay 
August 2, 1879, at the age of nineteen; 
Fred N. (married), attending Rush Modi- 



cal College, Chicago; Anna E., Jennie 
M., and James R., all at home. The 
parents are members of the Presbyterian 
Church. Dr. Brett is president of the 
Wisconsin State Medical Society, presi- 
dent of the Brown County Medical So- 
ciety, a member of the Fox River Valley 
Medical Society, of the Brainerd Medical 
Society, and of the Menomonee River 
Medical Society. Socially he is a mem- 
ber of Washington Lodge, No. 21, F. & 
A. M., and of Warren Chapter; is Sur- 
geon of T. O. Howe Post, G. A. R. ; and 
is a member of the Wisconsin Command- 
ery of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States. Politically he is an active Re- 

XAVIER MARTIN was born Janu- 
ary 10, 1832, in the commune of 
Grez-Doiceau, Province of Bra- 
bant, Kingdom of Belgium, emi- 
grating to the United States with his 
father and mother, brothers and sisters, 
and landing in New York, July 5, 1853, 
from which city he proceeded at once to 
Philadelphia. Here his father and mother 
remained about a year, whence they 
moved to Brown count}'. Wis., locating 
in the Belgium settlement, where they 
bought government land, and there they 
lived, with their children, by farming and 
making shingles. They were honest. 
God-fearing people, and members of the 
French Pre.sbyterian Church. The family 
trace their ancestry to the year 1665, and, 
originall)', to the city of Paris, France. 
John Martin, father of Xavier, was 
born in the Parish of Dion-le-val, Depart- 
ment of the Dyle, on the 21st Brumaire, 
in the year XHI of the French Republic, 
which date corresponds with the 12th of 
November, i S04. He died on his farm 
in 1870. 

Aseline Bosel. mother of Xavier, was 
born in the city of Brussels, Belgium, in 
October, 1805, and died in the city of 
Green Bay, Wis., in 1874. John Martin, 
by his wife Aseline, raised a family of 

nine children, their names and births 
being as follows: Constant, born May 
1 1, 1830, lived in the city of Green Bay, 
engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business until his death, which occurred 
June 16, 1894; Xavier, born January 10, 
1832, now living in the city of Green Bay, 
engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business; Martin Leon, born June 28, 
1834, died July 2, 1863, and until his 
death was engaged in farming and lum- 
bering; Pierre Joseph, born November 24, 
1836, died February 3, 1840; Desire, 
born August 23, 1839, died August 16, 
1855; Mary Eleonore (now Mrs. Joseph 
Dhyne), born November 23, 1841, is 
residing in the city of Green Bay; Alex- 
ander, born December 6, 1843, now 
residing at Bayfield, Wis. ; Elie, born 
August 12, 1848, is now residing in the 
cit\" of Green Bay, engaged in the real- 
estate and insurance business, and is also 
a popular justice of the peace; Celina 
(now Mrs. Francois Hannon), born Janu- 
ary 29, 1852, is living on their farm in the 
town of Scott, Brown Co., Wisconsin. 

Xavier Martin came from Belgium to 
Philadelphia, Penn., in 1853, where he 
remained four years, and there studied 
the English language and literature under 
Prof. Gardner, a professor of languages 
and literature in that city. In 1857 he 
left Philadelphia and came to Brown 
county. Wis., visiting the Belgian settle- 
ment, where his people lived. Here he 
was induced to locate, there being no one 
in the settlement who could speak, read 
or write the English language, and for 
five years Mr. Martin labored among the 
people of the settlement in the capacity 
of school teacher, justice of the peace, 
town clerk, school superintendent and 
postmaster, and, in a great measure, 
through him, his energy and his influence 
in his official capacity, new highways were 
laid out, new school districts were formed, 
new school-houses were built, and teachers 
provided. In the fall of 1862, at the 
general election, he was elected register 
of deeds for Brown county, consequently 



on the 1st of January, 1863, he had to 
leave the Belgian settlement and move 
with his family to the city of Green Bay, 
there to assume the duties of reg;ister of 
deeds, to which he was elected for four 
consecutive terms (eight years). In 1871 
he established his present business, that 
of real-estate and insurance agent, in 
which he has been engaged up to the pres- 
ent time, and he has been closely identi- 
fied with the business interests of the 
city of Green Bay for over thirty- 
one years. He has served his city 
in various official capacities. In 1875 
and 1876 he was an active member of the 
city council; was president of same dur- 
ing the last year, and was chairman of the 
Finance Committee both years. In 1882 
he was elected city assessor by the city 
council, an office he has continued to fill 
with credit to himself and satisfaction of 
his constituents, having been elected and 
re-elected to that important office thirteen 
times, and is still occupying that position. 
Mr. Martin has been thrice married: 
First time, in 1855, in Philadelphia, 
Penn., to Miss Mary R. Gray, the second 
time in 1873 to Miss Augusta Bliske, who 
bore him eight children, six of whom are 
living, as follows: Rudolph, Albert, Paul- 
ine, Frederick, Evelynn and Richard. 
The mother of these children died in 
Green Bay in 1887, and in 1888 Mr. 
Martin married Mrs. Amelia Dendoven 
(«(■<■ Amelia Gosin), daughter of Dieudon- 
nez Gosin, who, in 1858, came from Bel- 
gium to one of the Belgian settlements in 
Kewaunee county, Wis. In his political 
proferments Mr. Martin is an active Rc- 
pubMcan. He is one of the founders of 
the Wisconsin Society for the Prevention 
of Cruelty to Animals, organized in 1874 
and incorporated in 1882; was elected its 
first president, and has filled that office 
ever since. Socially he is a member of 
the Knights of Honor, and of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Od<l Fellows. He is 
also a member of Washington Lodge No. 
21, of F"ree and Accepted Masons, and in 
Masonry lias been elected and sen'eii as 

senior deacon, and junior and senior 
warden; in the chapter of Royal Arch 
Masons he has been elected and served as 
scribe one year, king two years, and is 
now a royal and select master in the 
Council of Roval and Select Masters. 

CONSTANT MARTIN, late dealer 
in real estate, and insurance and 
general collection agent, was a 
native of the Province of Brabant, 
Belgium, born May 11, 1830, a son of 
John and Aseline (Bosel) Martin. 

Our subject was reared and educated 
in his native land, and followed the rest 
of the family to the United States. Im- 
mediately on his arrival in Philadelphia 
he commenced the study of the English 
language. In Belgium he had been en- 
gaged as clerk, but in this country he at 
once commenced buying and selling land, 
and became one af the most extensive 
real-estate dealers in northern Wisconsin, 
largely interested in town property. In 
1853 Mr. Martin was united in marriage, 
in Philadelphia, with Miss Fannie Gillon, 
a native of Brussels, Belgium, by whom 
there were two children, viz. : Clotilde 
and Joseph, who both died in 1870 (as 
did also their mother), the girl at the age 
of fourteen years, the boy when two 
months old. In 1S70 Mr. Martin was 
married, in Green Bay, to Mary Louisa 
Rosenberg, a native of Johnstown, N. Y. , 
daughter of Peter and Louisa (Isham) 
Rosenberg, who came from New York 
State to Clinton, Wis. . and from there in 
1867 to Green Bay, where both died. To 
this second marriage of Mr. .Martin were 
born two children, viz. : James C. , engaged 
in the insurance business with his father, 
and George, deceased in infancy. In his 
political preferences our subject was an 
Independent. In 1866 he was a member 
of the Assembly; in i8<'>7 he was deputy 
United States assessor; in 1870 he was 
deputy marshal for the Northern District 
of Wisconsin; also, same year, postmaster 
at Reil River, and was a member and 



chairman of the board. For five years 
he was town clerk of Red River; served 
as a justice of the peace five years; and 
for two years was school superintendent 
for Kewaunee county. Mr. Martin was a 
resident of that county from 1859 to 1874, 
and of Green Bay from 1874 until his 
death, which occurred June 16, 1894. 
From 1885 till 1892 he was an active 
member of the board of education in the 
city of Green Bay. This family trace 
their ancestry to the year 1665, and orig- 
inally to the City of Paris, France. 

senting as it does a worthy ex- 
ample to the rising generation, 
the life of this gentleman, which 
from early boyhood has been one of as- 
siduous industry, untiring energy and un- 
questioned integrity, is well deserving of 
being sketched, however briefly, in the 
pages of this volume. 

Mr. Bingham was born March 25, 
1844, in Ogle county, 111., a son of Hol- 
land Weeks and Sarah S. (Goodrich) 
Bingham, both natives of Cornwall, Vt., 
the father born in 1804, the mother in 
1 8 10. They were married in the East, 
in 1836; moved, in 1838, to a farm in 
Ogle county. 111., and from there, in 1849, 
to Watertown, Wis., one daughter, aged 
eight years, and one son (our subject), 
aged five years, accompanying them. The 
latter was educated at the Watertown 
(Wis.) High School, and at the age of 
fourteen commenced the battle of life by 
carrying brick at twenty-five cents per 
day. He also during the summer vaca- 
tions worked in a machine shop; a part of 
the time, up to the age of seventeen, ran 
a stationary engine, and when he was but 
si.xteen years old he taught a country 
school near Watertown; by which it will 
be seen that his early life experience was 
of a decidedly versatile character. But 
he was always equal to the occasion. He 
was possessed of vigorons natural abilities, 
and although his opportunities for acquir- 

ing knowledge were but few, yet he ap- 
plied his powers of observation upon the 
things which were nearest to him, and the 
boy became father to the man. In 1861, 
at the age of seventeen, he enlisted in the 
First Wis. V. C, in which regiment he 
experienced three years of constant active 
service in the Civil war, never being absent 
from his post of duty during any engage- 
ment in which the" First " participated. 
He received slight promotions in the non- 
commissioned line, and in 1864, at the 
age of twenty, by reason of expiration of 
term of service, was mustered out as regi- 
mental quartermaster-sergeant. Return- 
ing to Wisconsin, he entered upon a 
course of study at the Spencerian Business 
College, Milwaukee, and when his course 
was nearly completed secured a position 
in one of the departments of the college 
as teacher, which he held for a short time 
until a situation was open to him in a cer- 
tain large wholesale hardware house in 
Milwaukee, at that time one of the most 
prominent firms in the West. In this 
business he remained as salesman eight 
years, advancing from a salary of five 
hundred dollars to twenty-five hundred 
dollars per annum, and becoming very 
popular with the trade. In the fall of 
1872 he engaged in a general merchandise 
business in West De Pere, Brown Co., 
Wis., on a small capital, which was more 
than doubled the first two years, the sales 
having been pushed up to ninety thousand 
dollars the first year, in an ordinary coun- 
try store, and for several successive years 
increased until a steady and permanent 
trade was established, which has been al- 
most phenomenally successful from its 
commencement to the present time. The 
business has been conducted on the best 
and most secure business priciples. and 
no firm in Brown county stands higher 
either with customers or creditors. 

In 1 887 Mr. Bingham made a trip to 
California, in reality for recreation; but 
an opening for manufacturing presenting 
itself strongly, he became one of the 
members of a large corporation organized 



for the purpose of manufacturing fire-clay 
products, principally vitrified pipe for ir- 
rigation purposes, city sewers, etc. The 
full management of this company was 
soon placed in his hands, and for several 
years he has been the president and man- 
ager of the "Pacific Clay Manufacturing 
Company," of Los Angeles, Cal. The 
concern is in a most prosperous condi- 
tion, and has paid regular dividends to the 
stockholders each year, under his manage- 
ment. He retains his business interests 
in De Pere (which is really his home), and 
gives them as much personal attention as 
is needed. 

In 1869 Mr. Bingham was married in 
Milwaukee to Miss Fannie H. Bird, of 
Cambridge, Mass., and three children 
have blessed their union, named respect- 
ively: Mary Homer, Arthur Walter and 
Susan Abbott. In religious faith he has 
been an active member of the Congrega- 
tional Church from the age of sixteen; in 
political predilections he is a Republican, 
but not an active politician, and has 
served on the board of education of West 
I)e Pere, ten years, and as mayor of that 
city, one year. Now at the age of fifty 
years, and in the prime of life, Mr. Bing- 
ham is in perfect health, with some of tha 
best years before him. as he believes, and 
he deserves to lake pride in a substantial, 
though modest, business record which 
stands without a blemish. 


AKTIX VAN BEEK, owner of 
line of the finest farms in 
Preble township, Brown coun- 
ty, is well-known as one of the 
most industrious and progressive farmers 
of his section. 

He was born October 29, 1842, in 
Holland, son of John Van Beek, who 
was a carpenter by trade, at which he 
worked in his native country, being also 
employed as a plow maker. In 1850 
John Van Beek emigrated from Holland, 
on June 24, that year, landing in Green 
Bay, Wis., with his family of five chil- 

dren — three sons and two daughters. On 
arriving here he had but ten guilders (four 
dollars) left, and immediately went to 
work for Judge Ellis (at a place near 
where Hagemeister's brewery now is), 
repairing a sawmill, and also at his trade. 
So limited were their circumstances at 
first that the family lived in a stable, and 
later for four months in a blacksmith 
shop, after which they removed to a house 
owned by Joshua Whitney's father. Thus 
Mr. Van Beek struggled along, and after 
some years was able to purchase a house 
and lot, and still later 120 acres of land 
in Preble township. Brown county, part 
of which is now incorporated in the farm 
of our subject. John \'an Beek passed 
from earth in 1883, at Bay Settlement; 
his wife died May 23, 1880, at the same 
place, and they now lie buried in Bay Set- 
tlement cemetery. After coming here 
Mr. Van Beek visited his native country 
once, but was not content to remain 
there. From being a poor man he had, 
by hard work and honest industry, ac- 
cumulated a comfortable competence, 
and he was highly respected in his lo- 

Martin Van Beek was deprived of 
educational advantages in his youth by 
the limited circumstances of his piarents, 
who needed his help; but he was an.xious 
to learn, and attended night school even 
after his marriage. During his later years 
he has been a great reader, and in this 
manner, and by observation, he has se- 
cured a practical education. When but 
a boy he was initiated into the details of 
the lumber business, becoming quite 
skilled in the care of saws, and was also 
e.xpert at manufacturing shingles by hand. 
When a little okler he did some sailing on 
the lakes and ocean. At New Franken. 
Wis., he found work as head sawyer in a 
shingle mill. He was completely at home 
in the lumber business, and tluring fifteen 
springs he "rode logs," at which he had 
few etpials, for which hazardous labor he 
has been paid as much as .seven dollars per 
day. But being of a roving disposition, 



he has not been content to remain at 
home all the time, and, especially as a 
sailor, has probably traveled more than 
any other farmer in his neighborhood. 

On Jannary 2, 1S67, Mr. Van Beek 
was married to Miss Catharine Bomber, 
who was born April 18, 1843, in Bel- 
gium, a daughter of Agelius Bomber, and 
came to the United States when thirteen 
years old; her parents resided in Green 
Bay. To this marriage have been born 
thirteen children, three of whom — Mar- 
garet A., Joseph and William — are de- 
ceased. The others are named as fol- 
lows: Mar}', Henr}-, John, Josephine, 
Joseph, Gertrude, Elizabeth, Samuel, 
Aloysius and William. At the time of 
his marriage Mr. Van Beek located in 
Green Bay, and shortly after went with a 
surveying corps, who were laying out the 
course of the Green Bay, Winona & St. 
Paul railroad. Upon his return home he 
again engaged in the lumber business, 
remaining with one firm, Clouse & 
Featherly, for five years, during which 
time his work was such that he gained 
some knowledge of the blacksmith and 
machinist trades. For two summers he 
was in the employ of Earl & Case, and 
received good wages, scaling lumber and 
"booming logs." He also commenced 
to learn the printer's trade in the Ga~cttc 
office at Green Bay, but gave it up on 
account of his health. During these 
years he had saved some money, and 
built a home in Green Bay, which he 
subsequently traded for forty acres of 
land where he now lives, and to which 
he has added other forty acres. When 
he took up his residence on this land it 
was covered with stumps, was very 
swampy, and, altogether, in such poor 
condition that he found it necessary to 
tile almost the whole farm. But his 
labor has been well repaid, for to-day he 
has one of the best farms in Preble town- 
ship, the result of years of hard work and 
systematic management. While not a 
life-long farmer, he has, during his resi- 
dence here, proven himself capable and 

progressive in the agricultural depart- 
ment, paying special attention to the 
raising of garden truck. 

During the Civil war Mr. Van Beek 
enlisted in the United States service, at 
Oconto, Wis., but was rejected on ac- 
count of his youth. He afterward en- 
listed at Berlin, Wis., and was again 
rejected, this time on account of injuries 
received in a fall. Politically he is a 
stanch Republican, and a strong sup- 
porter of the principles of that party, but 
he gives no time to party affairs, his own 
interests requiring all his attention. In 
religious connection he and his wife are 
members of the Catholic Church, in 
which he has been councilor some years. 

May 2, 1827, in Casco, Cumber- 
land Co., Maine, son of David 
and Eliza (Dunham) Decker. 
The progenitor of the Decker family in 
America was the great-great-grandfather 
of our subject, coming from England, and 
settling on the Kennebec river, in Maine, 
where he became a prominent and pros- 
perous citizen. His grandson, David 
Decker, removed to Cumberland county, 
Maine, in an early day, married Jemima 
Decker, a cousin, and they became the 
parents of the following children: Mary, 
David, John, William, Eunice, Charles, 
Nathan and Spencer. Of these, David 
Decker, was a well-known character in 
his community, was a Jacksonian Demo- 
crat, and had considerable infiuence in 
local and State politics. By occupation 
he was a merchant and miller, his mill 
property being situated on the Kennebec 
river; and as he was a capable business 
man he prospered, but he also met with 
many reverses. About 1857 he was in- 
duced by his son, Edward, to come west 
to Wisconsin, where he purchased a half 
section of land in Kewaunee county, near 
Casco, so named by his son, Edward, in 
honor of his birthplace. Here David 
Decker died in 1865 at the age of sixty- 









four years. His wife, Eli^a (Dunham), 
was a daughter of Jesse Dunham, a na- 
tive of Boston, Mass., who resided in 
Otisfield, Maine. Domestic, kind-hearted, 
charitable, and possessed of many en- 
dearing qualities of head and heart, she 
had hosts of friends. To her and her 
husband were born eight children, name- 
ly: Edward, EH^a Ann, Stillman, Levi, 
Luc\'. Adeline, Jesse and Lizzie. She 
died in 1889, at the age of eighty years. 
Her family, the Dunhams, were generally 
noted for stability in business and social 

FZdward Decker received in his boy- 
hood but few advantages, even of the 
public schools, and at the age of fourteen 
he left home and proceeding to Portland, 
Maine, there obtained a position, working 
for eight dollars per month. When six- 
teen years old he went to Boston, where 
he clerked for his uncle in a general store 
two years. During his stay in that city 
Mr. Decker heard a good deal about 
Iowa, enough to induce him to set out for 
that State; but while in Milwaukee he was 
persuaded to locate with a large party in 
\\'isconsin, and thus the State gained a 
valuable citizen. He landed in Milwau- 
kee, May 2, 1845, and after one year's 
residence in Watertown, Wis. , moved to 
Oshkosh, where he embarked in the lum- 
ber business, being the first man to run 
logs to that place, in which connection he 
became well known. Under a treaty 
with the Indians, Robert Grignon had 
permission to build a sawmill on Indian 
lands along the Little Wolf river, and 
Mr. Decker contracted to stock the mill 
with logs, he receiving half of the lumber. 
This lumber was rafted and run down the 
river, where it was disposed of among the 
•early settlers of Winnebago county, and 
pieces of same are still to be found in the 
old houses of that section. Mr. Decker 
continued in the lumber business three 
years, and then built a hotel in Menasha, 
which he conducted for a short time. 
Selling this and other property he re- 
moved in 1855 to Kewaunee county. Wis. 

(where he entered a large amount of land 
with the intention of establishing a set- 
tlement), opened a store and cleared 
some land. In 1856 the county was or- 
ganized and county officers elected, but 
Mr. Decker declined to have anything to 
do with the organization. The county 
officers being ine.xperienced, however, all 
failed to qualify in the following January, 
and he was requested by prominent busi- 
ness men in the county to organize the 
affairs and establish the different offices. 
Having set the machinery going, and hav- 
ing been deputized by the treasurer and 
clerk, he set to work to put things in run- 
ning order, and the business was soon in 
proper condition. At the end of two 
years he was elected clerk, and continued 
to serve as such many years, being re- 
elected often against his wish; he held the 
office until January i, 1869. In the fall 
of 1859 Mr. Decker was elected State 
senator, in which capacity he served one 
term. At the next convention his name 
was again used, but he refused to be a 
candidate, and when tendered the nomi- 
nation declined to accept it. In the same 
fall the Republicans and Democrats called 
a mass convention, and again offered him 
the nomination, which he, as before, re- 

Regardless of party politics, he per- 
formed some deeds of daring and acts of 
charity that are entitled to honorable 
mention in the history of the State. Dur- 
ing the Civil war the draft was inevitable 
in many counties in Wisconsin, and in 
some armed resistance was feared. The 
principal population of Kewaunee county 
was foreign, and resisted the draft; armed 
bodies of men discussed the situation, and 
excitement ran high. Troops had been 
ordered to the scene of trouble, blood- 
shed seemed unavoidable, and the feeling 
was bitter against the government. At 
this critical stage the cooler heads of the 
representative men of the State proposed 
Edward Decker as the only man who in 
all probability could act as United States 
deputy provost marshal, and avert blood- 



shed and the dire consequences attending 
it. He reahzed to the full the difficult 
task before hiin, but finally was persuaded 
to accept it. His record as county officer, 
friend, business man and neighbor, all 
combined to aid him, but it was weeks 
after accepting the of^ce before any im- 
pression could be made on the wrathful 
inhabitants, who regarded him as an 
enemy to their rights and privileges. 
Many of his acquaintances refused to 
speak to him on meeting, and manifested 
marked hostility. He had stipulated that 
no armed force should be sent into the 
Territory, and had secured other rights 
and privileges which he could make use 
of if occasion demanded; so by degrees 
the hostility subsided, and his influence 
with the people was felt. The cooler 
heads saw the wisdom of his counsel, 
and eventually the obnoxious draft was 
avoided, money was subscribed liberally, 
and bounties were paid. Mr. Decker's 
full share in bringing this about will never 
be fully learned, but many an old farmer 
and father remembers the aid he received 
in that trying time. 

During all these years, besides attend- 
ing to his public duties, he looked after 
his settlement on Decker creek, which, 
as before mentioned, was named ' ' Casco " 
in honor of his birthplace. He eventually 
established a lumber mill, which is still in 
operation; owns 1,500 acres in a body at 
Casco, and 1,500 acres in the vicinity. 
His long service in the county office made 
him familiar with every acre of land in 
Kewaunee and Door counties, where he 
owns, altogether, over ten thousand acres, 
this land being accumulated by degrees, 
excepting the old homestead at Casco, 
where he bought three thousand acres at 
one time. After withdrawing from the 
county offices Mr. Decker intended to go 
into the railroad business, starting a road 
from Green Bay to St. Paul, and a com- 
pany was organized which obtained a 
charter. Associated with Mr. Decker 
were Col. C. B. Robinson, editor of the 
Green Bay Advocate, and Anton Klaus, 

a merchant and lumberman. The pro- 
ject was a bold one, and there is no doubt 
that, had it been carried out, it would 
have been a success, and the road would 
probably have been the first through the 
Northwest to the Pacific coast; but al- 
though aid was voted, no material pro- 
gress was made. In 1868 Mr. Decker 
concluded to embark in the undertaking 
in earnest; new directors were elected, 
and he was made president, but Provi- 
dence had ordered it otherwise. He was 
injured in a runaway, his left arm being 
so mangled as to necessitate amputation, 
he was disabled for over a year, and he 
consequently resigned the presidency, and 
the road was subsequently built by others 
to Winona, Minn. , instead of St. Paul. 
Always active in business affairs, he has 
been interested in many deals, and has 
been a silent partner in various concerns. 

While residing in Ivewaunee he had 
an interest in the large lumber mills there, 
which he subsequently sold to good ad- 
vantage. In 1872 he took up his resi- 
dence in Green Bay, and purchased a 
controlling interest in the Bank of Com- 
merce, of which he became one of the 
officers, and with which he retained his 
connection several years. Removing 
again to Casco, he built up quite an ex- 
tensive business there, also conducting 
from that place his interest in various 
enterprises with which he was identified. 
He became one of the main stockholders 
of the Kewaunee Exchange Bank, which 
has since been incorporated as one of the 
State Banks of Wisconsin, and of which 
he is now president. In 1881 he started 
a private bank at Ahnapee, called the 
Bank of Ahnapse, of which he is president 
and owns the entire stock. In 1888, in 
company with James Keogh, he founded 
the Bank of Sturgeon Bay, of which he is 
also president. In February, i8gi, Mr. 
Decker and his son David organized the 
Bank of Two Rivers, Wis. , of which he 
is president and David Decker cashier. 

Though ever engaged with the many 
duties of the various commercial enter- 



prises with which he was connected, Mr. 
Decker still found time to devote to news- 
paper work. In June, 1859, he brought 
to Kewaunee a printing press, which he 
had purchased at Menasha, where it had 
been used to print a small weekly. None 
of the Kewaunee citizens knew of this 
enterprise till its arrival, and having a 
cousin who acted as his clerk, and who 
was a professional printer, Mr. Decker 
got him to set it up and started the Ke- 
waunee Enterprise, a paper politically 
Democratic; in January, 1869, it was 
sold to John M. Reed. In 1885 Mr. 
Decker bought a half interest in the Green 
Bay Advocate, which has since been in- 
corporated as the Green Bay Advocate 
Company, of which he is president and 
principal stockholder. This paper is pub- 
lished both daily and weekly and is also 
Democratic. Mr. Decker has just com- 
pleted the building of a railroad from Casco 
Junction to Sturgeon Bay, called the 
Ahnapee & Western railway, of which he 
is president. The road, which is practically 
his own conception, is thirty-four miles in 
length, and is operated as a general freight 
and passenger line. 

Mr. Decker is the father of six chil- 
dren, viz. : George A. (of California), 
Mrs. .\nna Curtin. David B., Edward, 
Nathan and Libbie, the latter of whom is 
a student at Graftf)ii Hall. 

Although Mr. Decker's position in life 
makes him a conspicuous figure in this 
part of the State of Wisconsin, he is yet 
the most companionable and approach- 
able of men, and has an ever ready ear 
and a helping hand for those in distress or 
seeking advice in business matters. In 
summing up his life sketch it is but just to 
speak more full}' of his relation to the 
business world of the State, for the men 
that compose it have universally a high 
respect for his integrity and moral worth. 
His success in life has led to many in- 
(juiries regarding his methods in business, 
which are sound and safe, and peculiarly 
free from the vortex of speculation which 
lias made a few wealthy men, but which 

has ruined so many of the really progres- 
sive and enterprising. Aside from his 
proverbial square-dealing with rich and 
poor, it is his attention to details that has 
been the foundation and rock of all his suc- 
cesses. The services he has rendered in 
developing the resources of the State, and 
more especially those of Kewaunee and 
Door counties, will best be appreciated 
by a new and thinking generation, who 
will be more able, as time gives opportun- 
ity for reflection, to truly comprehend and 
revere the memory of its pioneers who 
were its best benefactors. 

JH. EBELING, one of the most 
prominent millers in Green Bay, was 
born in 1836 in Holstein, Germany, 
a son of J. H. and Anna Dorothea 
(Winert) Ebeling. The father, who was 
also a miller, died in Germany in 1851,. 
the mother surviving until about 18S7. 
Of their eighteen children, Henry N. and 
J. H. (our subject) now reside in Green 

In 1864 J. H. Ebeling came to the 
United States, and in Mishicot, Mani- 
towoc Co., Wis., was engaged, in part- 
nership with Mr. Soenksen, in milling 
until 1866, when he came to Green Bay. 
Here he worked as a miller for a Mr. 
Hoei^el two years; then, in 1868, went to 
New Franken, Brown county, built a 
flour mill, and under the firm name of 
Smith & Ebeling carried on the business 
until 1876, when the mill was destroyed 
by fire. In 1877 the present flour mills 
were erected, Mr. Ebeling and H. .A. 
Straubel being then the proprietors. The 
mills were built with four run of buhrs. 
and later rebuilt to the roller system and 
enlarged to a capacity of 300 barrels of 
flour per day, with an elevator attached, 
of 45,000 bushels capacity. The mills 
were run under the firm name of Ebeling 
& Straubel's mill until March, 1894. when 
Mr. Ebeling bought his partner's interest, 
and has since conducted the business on 
his sole account. Mr. Ebeling is presi- 



dent of the Columbian Bakery Company, 
is a stockholder in the Brown County Fair 
& Park Association, and holds various 
other important business interests. 

He was married, in 1S65, in Mishicot, 
to Miss Mary, daughter of Carl Frederic 
and Augusta (Kunze) Altmann, all natives 
of Dresden, Germany. To this union 
were born four children, viz.: J. H., Jr., 
engineer at the mills; Frederic Charles, 
traveling salesman for the same; Marie 
C. ; and William Theodore, shipping clerk 
for the mills. Mr. Ebeling is in politics a 
Republican. His business qualifications 
are universally recognized, and it may be 
mentioned, to his great credit, that he 
started in his present lucrative trade with 
a cash capital of only one thousand dollars. 

city of De Pere, was born July i, 
1836, in the town of Limerick, 
Jefferson Co., N. Y. , and is a son 
of Otis and Elmira (Scribner) Day, both 
also natives of New York State, the for- 
mer of whom was a farmer by occupa- 
tion. Three children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Day in New York State, as fol- 
lows: Charles W., our subject; Philander 
L, a butcher and farmer, of Wrightstown, 
Wis. , and Frances, who died in Wrights- 
town at the age of seven years. 

In November, 1849, Otis Day sold his 
farm and decided to come to Wisconsin, 
then the " Far West," which State was 
offering cheap homes at the time men- 
tioned. Accompanied by his family, he 
journeyed to Buffalo, N. Y. ; and thence 
via the lakes to Manitowoc; thence to 
Green Bay, in January, 1850, reaching 
Wrightstown, Brown county, where he 
entered a tract of eighty acres of land. 
The route from Green Bay to this land 
led through an unbroken wilderness, and 
from De Pere down was only a trail, which 
had to be cut through to form a road for 
the passage of his team. On his eighty 
acres Mr. Day erected the first habitation 
ever occupied by a white man in that re- 

gion — a cabin of logs covered with bass- 
wood boughs, which was occupied by the 
Day family seven or eight years before a 
more substantial and pretentious residence 
was substituted. The sufferings of the 
family from sickness at that early day 
were terrible in the extreme, and at one 
time Charles W. was the only member of 
the household able to be on his feet. He 
brought supplies from De Pere on his 
back, often through knee-deep snow, and 
on one occasion, returning from one of 
these trips, found his only sister a corpse. 
The growth of timber was very dense, 
and great labor was required in felling it. 
Shingles made by hand were the only 
source of revenue, and it required two 
days' hard work to secure a load, that is 
a thousand, which after being hauled to 
De Pere, the nearest market, by ox-team, 
brought but seventy-five cents in trade in 
goods at the store. As the timber was 
felled, an axe was used to make incisions 
in the ground, into which seed corn was 
dropped, and the natural fertility of the 
soil producing good crops, a comfortable 
living was gradually derived from this 
cereal. The death of Otis Day occurred on 
this farm June 20, 1882, and that of Mrs. 
Day May 7, 1890, and their remains now 
lie in Greenleaf cemetery. 

Charles West Day received such an 
education as the schools of his early days 
afforded, and has lived to see great changes 
in the conduct of these institutions, the 
advantages of which he has fully availed 
himself of for the benefit, at least, of his 
own children. He of course began life on 
a farm, but was early initiated into the 
mysteries of lumbering, the general voca- 
tion of his neighborhood. At the age of 
twenty he left his old home to begin the 
battle of life for himself, and has made a 
good fight. The first summer of his ca- 
reer was passed in company with Reuben 
Thompson in making shingles by hand; 
the following year he worked for a Mr. 
Blake, of De Pere, who was building cor- 
duroy roads, and the next winter received 
his first real start in life by clearing five 



hundred dollars with a team of oxen he 
had purchased the year previous. 

On July 3, i860, Mr. Day was mar- 
ried to Miss Juliette Chase, who was born 
June 14, 1840, in the town of Charleston, 
Kalamazoo Co., Mich. Her parents, 
Henr\- and Persis (Averill) Chase, were 
New Englanders, but came from Canada 
to Michigan, and later, in 1856, moved to 
De Pere via Green Bay, four years after- 
ward removing to Wrightstown. The 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Day was sol- 
emnized by Squire Brown on the site of 
the "Old Agency House," a short dis- 
tance north of De Pere. After his mar- 
riage Mr. Day located on eighty acres of 
timberland bought of Lucien Wright, in 
partnership with H. S. Wright, whereon 
he built a log shanty, and the tasty man- 
ner in which Mrs. Day kept the humble 
abode was the comment of all the neigh- 
bors round about. All the timber was 
cut from the land, which Mr. Day sold 
after passing one winter thereon, and 
he then moved to Greenleaf, the follow- 
ing winter locating on the old homestead, 
where he continued lumbering. Here a 
water-mill had been erected by Otis Day,, 
which Charles W. converted into a steam- 
mill — something of a novelty in its day — 
which in later years was enlarged and im- 
proved. Mr. Day, in his time, has bought 
and sold thousands of acres of timberland, 
which he has resold after cutting off the 
timber, and to-day owns a tract of 500 
acres, of which 400 are under cultivation. 
In August, 1884, he removed to De Pere, 
where he has ever since resided, although 
his business interests lie entirely in 
Wrightstown, in and around Greenleaf. 

Politically a Republican, Mr. Day cast 
his first Presidential vote for Abraham 
Lincoln. He has never been an office- 
seeker, but has always been one of the 
advisers and counselors of his party in his 
section, and has filled various local offices, 
though (in two occasions, when elected 
township trustee, he declined to serve, 
l-'or twenty-nine years he was school 
treasurer of his township, four years of 

which he served after leaving the District, 
and was, in fact, legally disqualified from 
serving. In 1886 he was elected to the 
State Senate, and served the term to the 
gratification of all concerned. In all his 
monetary transactions, involving thou- 
sands upon thousands of dollars, he has 
never had a lawsuit, which fact is in itself 
sufficient demonstration of the rectitude 
of his conduct. To the foresight, skill, 
industry and indomitable energy of such 
citizens does Brown county owe much of 
her prosperity. Mr. Day is not a mem- 
ber of a secret lodge or secret society of 
any kind, preferring to spend his leisure 
time in the home circle of his interesting 
family, which is a true type of an ideal 
American home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Day have had born to 
them seven children, as follows: Ed- 
ward B., of Greenleaf; Persis E., now 
the wife of W. H. Earles, M. D., of Mil- 
waukee; Mary E., married to B. I. Bray- 
ten, of St. Paul; Alma E., who died in 
infancy; Carlton A., at home; Frederick 
E., who also died in infancy; and Lillian 
M., at home. 

gentleman is a well-known prom- 
inent farmer, of Preble township, 
Brown county, in whose career 
as a successful merchant and financier 
we find one of the best examples of safe 
conservative enterprise. 

Patrick Hogan, his father, was a na- 
tive of County Clare, Ireland, where he 
received a liberal education. \\'hen little 
more than a lad he emigrated to the 
Unitefl States, and in New York City 
learned the trade of hatter, which he fol- 
lowed for some time there. In that city 
he married Miss Isabella McGillan, a na- 
tive of Tyrone, Ireland, wht) came to 
America with a sister, both being then in 
their young womanhood, and to this 
union were born two cliildren: J<ihn M., 
and Mary. When our subject was yet 
an infant his parents came west, and 



landing in Detroit, Mich., the mother 
and child were left there while the father 
proceeded farther westward to Milwaukee, 
W^is. , where he purchased land in the 
neighborhood, situated in Town 12, 
Washington county. Later the family 
joined liim, and on this farm they lived 
three years, at the end of which time they 
moved to Green Bay, residing there un- 
til March, i860, when they came to 
Preble township and settled on the farm 
now owned by our subject. Very little 
clearing had been done on this piece of 
land at the time the family came to it, 
but hard work and industrious persever- 
ance soon converted it into a productive 
farm. The father resided here at vari- 
ous times, occasionally in Green Bay, 
where he died July 17, 1887, his remains 
being interred in Allouez township ceme- 
ter\'. His widow, now seventy-four years 
of age, is living with our subject; she is a 
member of the Church of St. John the 
Evangelist, at Green Bay. The daughter, 
Mary, died when four and one-half years 
old, and is also buried in Allouez town- 
ship cemetery. Mr. Hogan was a typ- 
ical self-made man, one who climbed from 
the bottom rung of the ladder of success 
to the top, totally unaided, and by his 
own indefatigable exertions and labor. 
John M. Hogan, the subject proper of 
these lines, was born, in 1848, in New 
York City, whence when an infant he was 
brought by his parents to Wisconsin, as 
above related. At the common schools 
of his boyhood period he received a fair 
education, and was reared to agricultural 
pursuits, in which he was thoroughly 
trained. In 1S82, in company with 
Peter Tuyls, he embarked in general 
merchandising in Green Bay, their store 
being located on Main street, where they 
met with encouraging success, but failing 
health compelled his retirement. Selling 
his interest in the store, he for a time 
lived comparatively retired, occasionally 
buying and selling real estate, in which he 
also made a success. Two j'ears after 
the death of his father he purchased the 

home farm, and believing it would im- 
prove his health, in the spring of 1890 
returned to it, and has remained there 
ever since, not doing any active work, 
however, as the farm, which now com- 
prises eighty acres, is looked after by* 
others. In politics he is a Republican, 
but no partisan, as in county and town- 
ship matters he votes for the individual 
he considers best suited to the office, while 
in State and National affairs he invariably 
supports his party ticket. He has been 
called upon to serve his township in var- 
ious capacities, such as chairman of the 
board of supervisors some seven years, 
justice of the peace and treasurer of the 
school board, at all times acquitting him- 
self with credit and honor, and to the sat- 
isfaction of his constituents. In the fall 
of 1880 he was elected representative to 
the State Legislature, in which he served 
one term with marked ability. Much 
credit is due to Mr. Hogan for the envia- 
ble position in society he has elevated 
himself to, he being recognized as a lead- 
ing man in the county, and a wise coun- 
selor. At the breaking out of the war of 
the Rebellion Mr. Hogan was too young 
to enlist, being then but twelve years of 
age, but on May 26, 1864, when not quite 
si.xteen years old, he enlisted at Green 
Bay without the knowledge of his par- 
ents, becoming a member of Company G, 
Forty-first Wis. V. I. He served with 
his command at Memphis, Tenn., and 
was on picket duty there when the Con- 
federate general Forrest made the attack 
on that place in 1864. Mr. Hogan com- 
pleted his term of enlistment, and on 
September 23, 1864, was honorably dis- 
charged from the service, in Milwaukee. 

of this well-known gentleman there 
is presented a lesson for the youth 
of any land; something to be found 
in it of a nature encouraging to the young 
aspirant, who, without friends or fortune, 
is struggling to overcome obstacles in his 


efforts to acquire a comfortable compe- 
tence, if not absolute wealth. 

Mr. Muller was born in Prussia, Sep- 
tember 6, 1 83 1, in one of the wine-j,'row- 
ing districts that luxuriate along the fer- 
tile banks of the beautiful river Moselle, 
and distant some eighteen miles from the 
city of Trier. He is the second child and 
eldest son of Matthias Muller, a well-to-do 
landowner in German}-, also a wine-grower 
and cooper, making his own casks for use 
in his business. Young Philipp was brought 
up to this industry, working steadily at it 
after leaving school, until he was nine- 
teen years old, when he decided to emi- 
grate to America, here to seek his fortune. 

On May i, 1850, in company with a 
cousin, Matthias Hoffman, he set sail 
from the port of Antwerp, Belgium, in the 
American ship "Edwina." and after a 
quick passage of thirty days, landed at 
New York, where he found his funds 
completely exhausted. His cousin, how- 
ever, kindly came to his assistance, sup- 
plying him with sufficient money to bring 
him on to Wisconsin, and after landing in 
Milwaukee, he and his cousin (for they 
were still companions in their journey) 
proceeded to Sheboygan, thence by foot 
to Manitowoc, where our subject found 
his first employment on American soil, 
commencing, as will be seen, in debt. 
His employer was one Richter, who kept 
several cows a short distance from Mani- 
towoc, and young Muller's duties were 
to attend to them, receiving the sum 
of eight dollars per month for his serv- 
ices, boarding all this time in Mani- 
towoc with John Rayiner. a fellow-coun- 
tryman. On leaving Richter he went to 
Two Rivers and commenced work in the 
sawmill of H. H. Smith, at the same 
wages as he had previously got; but in 
two short weeks the terrible scourge, 
cholera, broke out, paralysing work, and 
people fleeing from the place, one of the 
fugitives allowing our subject to occupy 
his deserted home, and here the latter re- 
tnained, living as best he could. When 
the plague had abated, people began to re- 

turn to their homes, the sawmill was once 
more started up, and Mr. Muller found 
work until the fall of the year, at which 
time the mill was closed. Purchasing a 
strong pair of boots and an axe, he next 
tried his hand at chopping cordwood at two 
shillings and sixpence per cord, but at 
the end of winter he found on settling up 
that he owed his employer eight dollars 
after giving him his axe, which was not a 
very encouraging transaction. In the 
spring he again engaged to work in Smith's 
sawmill at eight dollars per month, and 
found himself at the end of the season 
with just thirteen dollars in cash. From 
that he again went to lumbering in the 
woods for a short time; then, purchasing 
an axe and a cross-cut saw, cut cordwood 
for a time, after which for the remainder 
of the winter he made shingles, and on 
settling up in the spring he found that, 
after surrendering his tools to his em- 
ployer, he was enabled to begin the sum- 
mer of 1852 simply out of debt. Work- 
ing again in a sawmill at nine dollars per 
month, he succeeded in saving by the 
commencement of winter about twenty- 
five dollars, and for the next few months 
he found various kinds of employment for 
no more than his board. 

Next year, leaving Two Rivers, he 
hired out at Neshoto at sixteen dollars 
per month, and at the end of something 
over a year he had saved $160, with 
which sum he proceeded to New York in 
order to meet his parents, brothers and 
sisters and an old uncle, all of whom had 
just landed from Germany, and were 
without money to take them westward. 
Mr. Muller, however, brought them all 
to Wisconsin, thirteen in number, and 
when they reached Two Rivers there was 
not a penny left in the party, so Mr. 
Muller had to borrow two shillings where- 
with to pay the wharfage on the chattels. 
The family then went to live with a rela- 
tive in Two Rivers, but the junior mem- 
bers soon found work, the boys at peeling 
bark, the girls as domestics. A (arm was 
rented for the parents and the old uncle. 



the youngest child going with them. In 
the following spring, in Mishicot town- 
ship, Manitowoc county, the father 
bought eighty acres of uncleared land, 
paying on account $35, which money was 
supplied by Philipp, saved by him out of 
his earnings in the lumber woods, where 
he worked at $18 per month. Later on, 
finding themselves unable to meet pay- 
ments falling due on this land, forty acres 
had to be sold in order to clear them- 
selves. There was not a single stick cut 
on the remaining forty acres, so there 
was a vast amount of work to be done to 
make a clearing. A log house, 16x24 
feet, was first built, and this was the only 
shelter for the family, at that time seven 
in number, for a long time. By i860 
sufficient improvements were made, our 
subject furnishing out of his hard-earned 
wages all the necessary means; and, in- 
deed, it may be said he was the mainstay 
of the family until they were able to sup- 
port themselves from the product of the 
farm, and then he began for himself. 

On December 7, 1861, Mr. Muller 
was married to Miss Magdalene F"lem- 
ming, who was born May 5, 1842, in 
Luxemburg, Germany, a daughter of 
Frank Flemming, who in 1856 came from 
Antwerp, Belgium, to New York, bring- 
ing his family, from there traveling west- 
ward to Wisconsin, and settling in Ne- 
shoto, Manitowoc county, where the 
marriage took place, 'Squire Jacob King 
performing the ceremony. In Neshoto 
the young people commenced housekeep- 
ing, and after a five-years' residence there 
moved to Two Rivers, Mr. Muller work- 
ing there in sawmills; thence proceeded 
to Kewaunee, where he was employed in 
the same line of work, his wages being 
now $3 per day, for eight years working 
in the mill summers and "scaling" logs 
winters, after which for nineteen years 
he was employed in sawmills only — a 
total of twenty-seven years, eight years 
under one employer, the remainder with 
three different companies, never being 
discharged from anyone of them, and not 

leaving Kewaunee until the last log in the 
neighborhood was sawed. 

From there Mr. Muller came to the 
city of Green Bay, owning some lots 
there, but after a short sojourn re- 
moved into the country. In the fall of 
1877 he came to his present farm of 
ninety-three acres in Preble township, 
Brow-n county, situated four miles south- 
east of Green Bay, and here he has since 
resided, prosperously engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits, including stock-raising. 
When he came to this farm it was in a 
very wild condition, covered with under- 
brush and fallen timber, but by dint of 
assiduous labor and untiring energy he 
has converted it into a luxuriant farm of 
fertile fields. Two sons and two daugh- 
ters complete the happy family circle, 
viz. : Jacob, born February 6, 1 863, in Ne- 
shoto; George, born March 18, 1866, also 
in Neshoto; Catherine, born June 15, 
1875, in Kewaunee, and Elizabeth, born 
August 21, 1877, also in Kewaunee. 
They are all on the farm, the sons assist- 
ing the father in the general work thereon. 
Politically our subject is a Democrat, his 
first vote being cast for Franklin Pierce, 
and has served his township in various 
offices, such as road overseer for District 
No. 5, two terms. The family are wor- 
thy members of the Catholic Church, and 
enjoy the respect and esteem of all who 
know them. 

HON. S. D. HASTINGS, Jr., Cir- 
cuit Judge of the District com- 
prising Brown, Oconto, Marinette 
and Door counties, was born 
June 19, 1 84 1, in Philadelphia, a son of 
Samuel D. and Margaretta (Schubert) 
Hastings, the former a native of Massa- 
chusetts, the latter of Pennsylvania. 

Samuel D. Hastings was reared in his 
native State, and as a representative of a 
business house was sent to Philadelphia, 
where he resided until 1845, when he 
came to Wisconsin and located in Wal- 
worth county, where he was an earnest 



worker in the cause of temperance, until 
1 85 1, at which time he removed to La- 
Crossc, Wis. In the fall of 1857 he was 
elected State Treasurer of Wisconsin, and 
filled the office eight years. On his elec- 
tion to this responsible office he removed 
to Madison, the capital of the State, and 
there he and his wife still reside. Since 
the expiration of his office as State 
Treasurer, in 1865, he has devoted all 
his attention to the cause of temperance. 
His children arc three in number, 
namely: S. D. , our subject; EmmaM., 
wife of H. R. Hobart, editor of the 
Raili^uiy . /.;,'(■, of Chicago, 111., and Flor- 
ence L. , married to H. W'. Hoyt, princi- 
pal owner of the Gates Iron Works, of 
the same city. 

Hon. S. D. Hastings came to Brown 
county in August, 1867, from Madison, 
where for two years he had been 
in the practice of law; in 1883 he was 
elected to his present high petition, and 
was re-elected in 1889 — each term being 
for si.\ years. He was a graduate of 
Beloit College and of the Albany (N. Y.) 
Law C'lllege; was admitted to the bar of 
New York in 1865, and, with his eighteen- 
years' experience at the bar, was fully 
prepared for the duties of the circuit 
judgeship, taking his seat on the bench 
January i, 1884. The Judge was first 
married, in 1863, at Beloit, Wis., t(j Miss 
Mary C. Kendall, a native of Milwaukee, 
and a daughter of the late J. G. Kendall, 
a pioneer of Beloit. Mrs. Hastings be- 
came the mother of three daughters, 
Lillias M. (the only one now living), 
and in 1868 passed to the other side of 
Life's river. In 1872 the Judge chose for 
his second wife Miss Hetta Sue Clapp, 
whom he married in her native city, 
KtiKi^ha. Wis. Her parents were Na- 
tliann.:! r. and Sarah (McCoy) Clapp, 
natives of New York, and pioneers of 
Kenosha before Wisconsin was admitted 
to the sisterhood of States. The father, 
who was prominent as a stock dealer, 
was accidentally killed, while in New York 
with a shipment of cattle; the mother 

died in Green Bay in 1889. To this 
second marriage of Judge Hastings have 
been born five children — Florence N., 
now aged fourteen; S. D., Jr., now aged 
eleven, and three sons who died in in- 
fancy. Mrs. Hastings has one living 
sister, the wife of George G. Greene, of 
the firm of Greene & Vrooman, attor- 

Judge Hastings is a Republican in 
politics; he was president of the Green 
Bay school board for years, and has 
been president of the board of directors 
of the city library since its organization 
in 1890; he is a member of the board of 
directors of the Electric Light Company 
of Green Bay, of the Kellogg National 
Bank of Green Ba\', and of the Oconto 
National Bank of Oconto. For several 
years he has been lecturer in the law de- 
partment of the Wisconsin University at 
Madison. He has filled all these positions 
of usefulness with marked ability, and 
few men of his years in the State of 
Wisconsin stand higher in the esteem of 
its citizens. 

EDWIN HART was one of the 
early pioneers of Brown county. 
Wis., having come here in 1830, 
in the employ of the United States 
Government, to assist in the rebuilding of 
Fort Howard, and in other public works. 
He was employed by the government 
some years, having charge, part of the 
time, of the surveying force on the con- 
struction of military roads from Green 
Bay to Manitowoc and Calumet, as well 
as a lighthouse and fort at Mackinac 
straits. Later he took up his residence 
in Green Ba\' — in that portion of it known 
as Navarino — as a carpenter and con- 
tractor. During his active life he took 
many large contracts, and nearly all the 
old landmarks in and about Brown county 
arc his hamiiwork. In 1829, prior to 
coming to Green Bay, he erected a Mission 
church on Mackinac Island, but in the 



fall of that year he returned to Cleve- 

Mr. Hart was born May 5, 1807, in 
Griswold, New London Co., Conn., a son 
of Judah and Abigail (Belden) Hart, both 
also natives of Connecticut, in which 
State they were married. In 1822 they 
moved westward to Ohio, first locating in 
Cleveland, and in 1824 settling on a farm 
in Brownhelm township, Lorain county, 
same State, where they died within three 
days of each other. The father served in 
the war of 18 12. 

Edwin Hart, of whom this sketch 
more particularly relates, was fifteen 
years old when the family moved from 
Connecticut to Ohio, and in Cleveland he 
learned carpentry (which was his regular 
trade), there remaining until coming to 
Wisconsin in the employ of the govern- 
ment, as related at the commencement 
of the sketch. In 1832 he was married 
in Green Bay to Miss Eliza J. Glass, a 
native of Clarksville, Ohio, and daughter 
of Joseph and Effie (Roger) Glass, who 
were married in Ohio, and came to Green 
Bay in 1828; the father, who was a fur 
trader, died in Green Bay, the mother 
passing away in 1856 in Oconto. After 
marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Hart con- 
tinued to reside in Green Bay until 1852, 
removing then to Oconto, same State, 
where he embarked in the lumber, mill- 
ing and steamboat business, and where 
they still reside. This old pioneer couple 
had a family of eight children, a brief 
record of whom is as follows: (i) George 
E. resides in California. (2) Levi W. was 
killed in the railroad accident at Ashta- 
bula, Ohio, in December, 1876, when 
about forty years of age; he was a travel- 
ing salesman at the time, with residence 
in Akron, Ohio, and on hearing of the ac- 
cident his wife, Mrs. Susie (May) Hart, 
having some foreboding as to his fate, 
drove all the way to Cleveland in a cut- 
ter, to find her fears were only too well 
founded; when his remains were dis- 
covered in the wreck both arms and the 
right leg had been burned off, but the rest 

of the bod\', especially the face, was com- 
paratively uninjured. (3) Mary A. is the 
wife of Dr. S. A. Coleman, of Cleveland, 
Ohio. (4) Clifford B. is a member of the 
firm of H. W. & C. B. Hart, owners and 
managers of Hart's Steamboat Line, 
Green Bay. (5) Eliza Jane is the wife of 
B. J. Brown, of Menominee, Mich. (6) 
CjTus S. is editor of the Oconto County 
Rcportir. (j) Capt. H. W. is in partner- 
ship with his brother C. B., as above 
mentioned. (8) Franklin died at Oconto, 
Wis., in 1863. Mr. Hart in politics was 
originally a Whig, and since the formation 
of the party has been a stanch Repub- 
lican. Social!}' he is a member of the 
I. O. O. F. 

CAPTAIN H. W. HART, senior 
member of the firm of H. W. 
& C. B. Hart, owners and mana- 
gers of Hart's Steamboat Line, 
Green Bay, is a native of the town, born 
January 8, 1846, a son of Edwin and 
Eliza J. (Glass) Hart. 

At the age of six years he moved with 
his parents to Oconto, Wis. , where he 
received his education. In early life, 
when a mere boy of fourteen years, he 
shipped on board a lake vessel in the 
capacity of cook, from which humble 
position, by energy and perseverance, he 
rose step by step, in the various ex- 
periences of a sailor's life, at the age of 
eighteen years becoming captain of his own 
ship, the steamer "Eagle"; this vessel 
was built in Oshkosh and was rechristened 
in Oconto, running between the latter 
city and Green Bay for two seasons, after 
which it carried both freight and passen- 
gers for a time, and was then turned into 
a tug boat for raft towing. Hart's Steam- 
boat Line was founded in 1873, with a 
capital of $140,000, by Capts. H. W. 
and C. B. Hart, both able and ex- 
perienced steamboat men. They built 
the " May Queen " in Green Bay, and ran 
her on the old line for two seasons, after- 
ward building the "Northwest" and re- 



building the "May yueen," whicli was 
burned at the dock in Green Bay in 1877. 
In the spring of 1878 they launched the 
steamer "Welcome," and some time 
afterward the ' ' C. W. Moore," which our 
subject ran between Green Bay and 
Manistique until 1888, when the "Fannie 
C. Hart" was built, which he has since 
run between Green Bay and Cheboygan, 
Mich. The last-named boat was re- 
modeled in 1890; the "Eugene C. Hart" 
was built in 1890, and run on the same 
route with the "Fannie C. Hart," the 
company now owning four propellers — 
the "Fannie C. Hart," "Eugene C. 
Hart," "C. W. Moore" and the " Wel- 
come " — all stanch, speedy, safe and re- 
liable boats. The two brothers take 
great pride in the "Fannie" and 
"Eugene," which they command in 

In June, 1868, Capt. H. W. Hart 
was married to Miss Hattie A. Wagner, 
a native of Ogdensburg, N. Y., daughter 
of Stephen H. Wagner, now a resident of 
Green Bay, and to this union six children 
were born, viz.: Fannie C., wife of 
Frederick Brett, of Green Bay; Edwin 
W. ; Katie and Eliza J., who died of scar- 
let fever at the ages of six and four years 
respectively; Hattie A. and Julia B. 
Capt. H. W. Hart in politics is an active 
Republican; socially he is a member of 
the F. ct A. M., Washington Lodge No. 
21, Warren Chapter, and Palestine Com- 
mandery, all of Green Bay. 

EL1:AZI':R holmes ELLLS was 
born August 26, 1826, in Brown 
county. Wis. , at or near Green 
Bay. His Grandfather Ellis was 
a native of Connecticut, and was of Welsh 
extraction. He and his wife, who was 
also a native of Connecticut, removed to 
Herkimer county, N. Y., where Mr. El- 
lis dieil when still young; his widow pass- 
ed away at the age of about seventy-seven 
years, the mother of two children. .Albert 
Gallatin, and Sophronia (Mrs. Holmes). 

Mr. and Mrs. Holmes removed to Brown 
county. Wis., in 1841; both have since 
died leaving many descendants, Albert G. 
E. Holmes, a merchant of Green Bay, 
being their eldest son. 

Albert G. Ellis, the father of Judge 
Ellis, was born August 24, 1800, in Ver- 
ona, N. Y. He received a common- 
school education, and at the age of four- 
teen years entered a printing office in old 
Herkimer, N. Y., there laying the founda- 
tion of a thoroughly practical education, 
which proved of immense value to him in 
after life. He was full of ambition, and 
at the age of twenty-five sought a wider 
field of usefulness in what were then the 
wilds of Brown county. Wis. His first 
visit to this country was made about 
1 82 1, when he came with the Oneida In- 
dians, who were removed to Wisconsin 
from Oneida county, N. Y. He was em- 
ployed as a surveyor, and assisted in lay- 
ing out the land of the Indian Reserva- 
tion in Brown county, which then includ- 
ed the greater part of northern Wiscon- 
sin. He was familiar with Indian cus- 
toms, and after the survey was completed 
remained as a permanent citizen and soon 
became a valuable acquisition to the new 
settlements, being a man of more than 
ordinary ability, and of great force of 
character. He taught school at three 
different places in the neighborhood 
of Fort Howard and Green Bay. In 1824 
Mr. Ellis returned to Oneida county; 
N. Y., where he married Miss Pamela, 
daughter of Elijah Holmes, of West 
Winfield, N. Y. , and the young couple 
came to Green Bay, Brown county, then 
called La Baye Verte by the F"rench and 
the old settlers. They began housekeep- 
ing at or near Shantytown, three miles 
south of Green Bay. Mr. Ellis taught 
school for some time, and later engaged 
in various occupations until he became 
identified with the (irr<ii /!•!_]■ Intillii:;tnicr. 
He was a [iractical )irinter. became asso- 
ciated with John V. Suydam in the estab- 
lishing of the paper, and with him shares 
the honor of founding the first newsjiaper 



in the Northwest territory. Soon after 
he severed his connection with the Grcfii 
Bay Intclligfiiccr he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Second Session of the Third 
Territorial House of Representatives, 
which convened at Madison December 6, 
1 84 1. In 1842 he was re-elected, and 
had the honor of beinjj^ elected speaker of 
the House ; he was again re-elected in 
1843. In 1 841 or 1842 Mr. Ellis was 
appointed, by the United States Govern- 
ment, Surveyor-general for Wisconsin and 
Iowa, the office then being located at 
Dubuque, Iowa, whither he was accus- 
tomed to travel on horseback; he still 
made his home, however, at Green Bay, 
and he rendered the government valuable 
services in both Territories. He also 
surveyed and subdivided many townships 
and sections in Wisconsin, embracing 
Manitowoc, Kewaunee, Door, Oconto, 
Brown and Outagamie counties. An un- 
tiring worker, he of ten, in running his lines, 
tired out even his hardy French-Canadian 
assistants. He also rendered valuable 
service in this county, and as his surveys 
were remarkably correct, he was consid- 
ered quite an expert in his profession. 
He was no speculator, or he could have 
become wealthy, for he knew every valu- 
able foot of land- in the surrounding 
country. In 1838 he removed with his 
family to Hill Creek, one and a half miles 
east of Green Bay, where he carried on the 
business of milling and farming, and he 
there owned a sawmill, a gristmill, and a 
cabinet shop, all of which, with the farm, 
he successfully operated for many years. 
He was familiar with mechanics' tools and 
machinery, and could turn his hand to 
almost every kind of work — a valuable 
accomplishment indeed. He was moder- 
ately successful from a financial point of 
view, but sold much of his land at $3 
an acre, before values in land were on 
the increase. He also made some Gov- 
ernment surveys north of Stevens Point, 
to which place he removed in 1853, 
making investments there in town lots. 
Shortly after his arrival there he was ap- 

pointed receiver of the United States 
Land Office at that place, and he held the 
position several years. Among the prop- 
erties he bought there was a flouring mill, 
which he conducted for some time. He 
also started the Wisconsin Pinery, a 
paper Democratic in politics, which ex- 
isted until within a short time of this writ- 
ing; he was editor of the same for many 
years, but finally sold his interest. He 
was a very enterprising, puplic-spirited 
man, and at one time served as mayor of 
Stevens Point. He was an ardent mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church, to which he 
gave liberal support, and he helped to 
build the churches at Stevens Point and 
Green Bay; he was one of the incorporat- 
ors and a vestryman in the church at the 
latter place. Mr. Ellis was not a member 
of any secret organization. Having the 
welfare of the community always at heart, 
his many acts of charity and brotherly 
affection toward humanity in general en- 
deared him to every one, and he died De- 
cember 23, 1885, honored and respected 
by all who knew him, at the advanced age 
of eighty-five years. He was a man of 
regular habits and good principles, and his 
whole life is a lesson to posterity. Mrs. 
Pamela Ellis was also an active member 
of the Episcopal Church, and was beloved 
by all, old and young. She died at Green 
Bay, March 18, 1847, aged forty-three 
3'ears, the mother of six children, of whom 
Judge E. H. Ellis is the eldest, and the 
only survivor. 

Judge Ellis was educated in the pio- 
neer schools of Green Bay, and his father 
being anxious for him to studj' French 
and Latin, he procured good private 
teachers, some of whom resided in his 
family at the Hill Creek Mills for several 
years. Young Ellis entered the law office 
of Hon. Henry S. Baird, a well-known 
attorney in Green Bay and vicinity, who 
was the president of the first Legislative 
Assembly of the Territory of Wisconsin, 
and after studying for three and a half 
years was admitted to the bar by Judge 
Andrew G. Miller, in October, 1847. The 



same autumn he set out, on horseback, 
to look up a suitable location, and at the 
age of twenty-one years "hung out his 
shingle" at Manitowoc Rapids, then the 
county seat of Manitowoc county. Here 
he practiced for three and a half years 
with good success, and in the spring of 
185 1 returned to Green Bay, where he 
opened an office and met with good suc- 
cess from the start. For many years he 
practiced alone, and was uniform!}' suc- 
cessful. As his business increased he en- 
tered into co-partnerships at different 
times with the well-known attorneys, S. 
D. Hastings, Jr., now circuit judge, 
William H. Norris, George G. Greene 
and Carlton Merrill, the names of the 
firms being Ellis, Hastings & Greene, 
Norris & Ellis, Ellis, Greene & Merrill, 
and Ellis & Merrill; at present Mr. Ellis 
is practicing with Mr. Merrill. In 1869 
our subject was elected circuit judge, his 
circuit including the counties of Brown, 
Outagamie, Shawano, Oconto and Door. 
He was twice elected without opposition, 
and held the office for eight successive 
years, when he resigned and resumed the 
private practice of his profession. Judge 
Ellis has gained an enviable reputation as 
a member of the bench and bar of the 
State of Wisconsin, being looked upon as 
an able, conscientious and careful prac- 
titioner. His v^'hole career has been a 
most honorable one, well worthy the em- 
ulation of the j'outh of our nation. Our 
subject is a member of the Episcopal 
Church, and has been connected with the 
same for more than forty years. His pri- 
vate character is above reproach. 

JM. SMITH. The late J. M. Smith, 
of Green Bay, was born in Morris- 
tosvn, N. J., December 13, 1820, 
and was the eldest son of Jonathan 
Smith, who was at that time one of the 
most progressive farmers in that region. 
He was a subscriber to the first volume 
of tile first agricultural paper printed in 
the United States, ihe A/lniny Ciiltii'ator, 

a full file of which was seen in the old 
home at Morristown a few years ago; and 
was also the first man, so far as is known, to 
put down an underdrain in the United 
States. It was made by digging a deep 
ditch and putting large stones in the bot- 
tom, then filling in with smaller ones, 
and covering with sods and dirt. This 
drain, sixty-five years later, is still doing 
good work. Under the training of such 
a father Mr. Smith naturally acquired 
habits of industry and forethought, and 
being a close student of everything that 
came in his way, he naturally did a good 
deal of independent thinking on his own 
account, and looked forward to a time 
when he would have land of his own, and 
test its capacit}' to grow crops. 

He enjoyed the benefit of as good 
schools as were within his reach; but as 
he grew older, he became earnestly desir- 
ous for something better, and finally en- 
tered the nearest academy, to prepare for 
college, hoping also to enter a law school 
when he should reach that point. But 
when ready to enter college, a dangerous 
accident to his father called him home, 
and changed the whole course of his life. 
He remained at home until he became of 
age, and made diligent use of his spare 
time in study of different kinds. Then, 
after a few months of teaching, he com- 
menced business for himself as a lumber- 
man and wood dealer in a small way, 
with such success that on the 14th of 
March, 1 844, he felt qualified to take a 
partner, and was married, at Sparta, N. 
J., to Miss Emily B. Torrey. Two are 
better than one, if well mated, and cheer- 
il}' they worked on for ten years together, 
with varying success, taking their full 
share of such disappointments as are 
common to those working their way, 
often under difficulties. But with sun- 
shine in the home, all sorts of things may 
be borne. 

In the spring of 1854, ten years after 
their marriage, they came with four sons 
to Wisconsin, and in July located in 
Green Bay, little thinking it was to be 



their home for the balance of their hves. 
The chief productions of the place at that 
time were pine lumber and icebergs; and 
for a few years Af r. Smith was principally 
engaged in lumbering; but in 1857, when 
the bottom fell out of the lumber market, 
he turned his attention to whatever he 
could get to do, to afford a living for his 
family, until 1861, and then came the 
terrible war. 

Ten children had been born to them 
(two were sleeping in the silent city), the 
eldest being at that time sixteen years 
old and the youngest ten months; but the 
country must have soldiers, and in Sep- 
tember of 1 86 1 Mr. Smith and the eldest 
son left the home in the care of the wife 
with her seven children, the eldest of the 
seven being but twelve years old, and 
went to help save the country. In five 
months he came home to die, as he 
thought; but he gradually improved in 
health until the fall of 1864, when he was 
drafted to serve another year, and again 
he joined the army, remaining therein 
until August, 1865, when the war was 
over, and he was honorably discharged. 
While he was absent, the mother and her 
sons did what they could at gardening, and 
soon after his return the market in the 
towns north of Green Bay was opened 
for the sale of vegetables, and as his 
health was not equal to any arduous labor, 
he went to work with his sons to try 
what might be done in that direction. A 
few acres of land were purchased at a 
hgh price, to begin on; but the demand 
for vegetables increased so rapidly that 
more was soon needed, and the garden 
increased in area from time to time, until 
it contained forty acres. By the help of 
true and loyal sons, the garden was 
finally paid for, and improved by under- 
draining and in other ways, until, if there 
is another forty-acre piece of land in Wis- 
consin of equal value and productiveness, 
and as favorably situated for a market 
garden, it would be hard to find it. 

But it must not be imagined that all 
of Mr. Smith's time or energy was spent 

un the garden. He was, during nearly 
all of these years, very largely identified 
with the agricultural and horticultural de- 
velopment of the State, and did much in 
other ways, not only by personal work, 
but with his pen, having been a regular 
contributor to several agricultural papers 
for several years; and was also an earnest 
worker in farmers' Conventions and Insti- 
tutes. He also, by special invitation, de- 
livered addresses before the American 
Pomological Society at Boston, and 
at the dinner at the celebrated Shaw's 
garden at St. Louis, as well as in many 
other places. He was one of the com- 
missioners from Wisconsin to the Cotton 
E.xposition at New Orleans, and also a 
delegate from the Wisconsin Horticultural 
Society to the Convention of the Ameri- 
can Horticultural Society held in Cali- 
fornia. He was twenty-two years presi- 
dent of the Brown County Horticultural 
and Agricultural Society; four years pres- 
ident of the Northern Wisconsin Agricul- 
tural and Mechanical Association, located 
at Oshkosh; and fifteen years president of 
the Wisconsin State Horticultural So- 
ciety, in which he was largely instru- 
mental in introducing among its workers 
many educated women whose valuable 
papers have helped to make our horticul- 
tural volume one of the best, if not the 
very best, published in the United States. 
Mr. Smith was not a politician in the 
common acceptance of the term, never 
having been a seeker after office; but he 
was thoroughly versed in political affairs, 
and acquainted by reputation with all the 
prominent men in the nation who have 
figured in political affairs since his early 
manhood. He was proud to call himself 
a Henry Clay Whig in his boyhood, and 
was one of the men who helped to or- 
ganize the first Republican party in Green 
Bay. He claimed the right to hold and 
enjoy his own opinions, but accorded to 
every other man the same right. He 
was a member of the Episcopal Church, 
but very broad in his views, and honored 
every man and woman who showed in 



their lives, and in their deaHnf;"S with 
their fellowinen, the spirit of Chris- 
tianitj-, by whatever name they were 
called. He was extreniel)' fond of music, 
having been a leader in church choirs in 
his early manhood, and also in his later 
years, and a great many of his particular 
friends through life have been musical 
people. He was never better pleased 
than when he could gather a company of 
good singers around the organ in his own 
home, and wake the echoes with the 
ringing of the grand old anthems which 
were his particular favorites. Of little 
children he was very fond, and during his 
long illness often asked to have some of 
the little grandchildren brought in to see 
him. Having himself felt the pressure of 
hard times when he had a large family 
dependent on his efforts, he was sympa- 
thetic toward those who were trying to 
do their best, and still finding it hard to 
keep those dependent on them comfort- 
able, and always ready to lend a helping 
hand to lighten their burdens. 

He did not amass a large amount of 
money to leave to his children, but left 
them the heritage of an honorable name, 
unstained by any smirch of dishonor or 
treachery to any one, and his death, which 
occurred February 20, 1894, was felt in 
many homes whose inmates he had be- 
friended, as the departure of a near per- 
sonal friend. Not long after his death a 
farmer, who had often come to him for 
;idvice about agricultural matters, was 
heard to say: " I am worth thousands of 
iloliars more than I should have been if I 
had never known J. M. Smith." He rests 
from his labors, but his memory lives in 
the hearts of many friends outside of his 
own home. 

\rrs. J. M. Smith w as born in Bcthan\', 
Penn., January 31, 1S21. Her father died 
before she was old enough to appreciate 
his worth, but her mother was a woman 
of such rare (jualities of mind and heart 
tiiat she was able togf)vern a large family 
with great firmness, and yet with such 
loving gentleness that the desire to dis- 

obey her was a rare thing among her flock 
of children. Afrs. Smith was early thrown 
upon her own resources, but managed to 
acquire what was considered in those 
days as a good common-school education, 
and at the early age of sixteen was given 
charge of a district school. The next 
four years were spent alternately in teach- 
ing and attending school, when she set- 
tled down to the steady business of teach- 
ing, until March 14, 1844, when she be- 
came the wife of J. M. Smith. Like her 
husband, she had grown up with habits of 
industry and econom}-,and alwaj's thought 
it worth while to learn how to perform 
the many sorts of work that are likeh' to 
fall to the lot of women in the common 
walks of life. Consequently in the many 
seasons of trial through which she has 
been called to pass, the knowledge, thus 
carefully stored away, has been a golden 
treasury from which she has often been 
able to draw for the benefit of others, as 
well as herself. 

The marriage proved to be a most 
happy one; the love plighted at the altar 
grew with the passing years, and was 
strengthened and intensified by the joys 
and sorrows which nearly fifty years must 
inevitably bring. Nine sons and two 
daughters were given to cheer and brighten 
the home, of whom seven sons and one 
daughter still remain. The children were 
always considered by both parents as 
God's best gift, and stood nobly by them 
through storm and sunshine; and are 
making, or we should say have already 
made, for themselves honorable places 
among their fellowmen. 

FRANK T. SMITH, now a resident 
of the town of Suamico, Brown 
county, is the third son of the late 
J. M. Smith, of Green Bay. He 
was born in Morristosvii, N. J., October 
27, 1849, and came with his parents to 
Green Ba\-, Wis., in 1S54, where he 
lived until he removed to his jiresent 



He enjoyed such advantages as were 
possible in the common schools to which 
he had access at that time, but bore his 
full share in the hardships incident to the 
times from 1857 until the close of the 
war. He was too young for a soldier in 
the army, or he would doubtless have 
been there; but all the heroism was not 
shown on the battlefields, and he with 
younger brothers bravely stood by the 
mother while the father and older brother 
were at the front, helping to save the 
countr}'. After his father came home 
broken in health, Frank T. , with his 
brothers, worked faithfully at whatever 
they could do, not onl}' in the summer, 
but during the winter, to help to support 
the family, and to pay for the garden, 
until he came of age. After that time he 
worked on with his father on a salary, 
gaining much practical knowledge in 
methods of cultivating land. 

On June 9, 1S73, he married Miss 
Clara Taylor, a native of Susquehanna 
county, Penn., and daughter of Samuel 
and Mary (Bruce) Taylor, the latter of 
whom died when her daughter Clara was 
twelve years old. From the union of 
Frank T. and Clara Smith have been 
born six children, riamely: Clifford I., 
born April 15, 1875; Elsie M., May 2, 
1S77; Bessie R. , July 25, 1879; Emrie 
B., September 22, 1881; Celia T., Sep- 
tember 17, 1883, and Stanley B., June 
16, 1887. Seven years (1880) after his 
marriage, Frank T. , preferring farming 
to gardening, left the employ of his father, 
and purchased one hundred acres of land 
in the town of Suamico, where he now 
lives. Only a small part of the land was 
adapted for the growing of crops when 
purchased, but most of it is now in fairly 
good condition, while some of it is highly 
manured, and from now on he will find 
much plainer sailing than in some of the 
past years. He has always led a strictly 
temperate life, following in this particular 
the example of his father and grandfather 
before him. He and his wife and older 
children are members of the Methodist 

Episcopal Church, and are also faithful 
workers in the cause of temperance. In 
his political faith he is a Republican, and 
cast his first presidential vote for U. S. 
Grant, on the occasion of that warrior's 
second candidac}' for that office. But 
believing earnestly in Prohibition, and 
having an unfailing faith in the principles 
he advocates, he has since 188S cast his 
vote in accordance therewith. 

DA\TD McCartney. The stand- 
ard by which to judge a commu- 
nity is the character of its promi- 
nent citizens. Progress is rarely, 
if ever, the result of chance, but always 
the execution of well-laid plans based on 
a thorough comprehension of the laws of 
business. It is onl}' by keeping in view 
the lives of men who are ever associated 
in the busy marts of commerce that we 
can judge of the importance of develop- 
ment, and the pos..ibilities of progress. 
Thus it is, that from the commercial, 
more than the literary or political side, 
the most valuable lessons of life are to be 
extracted. In this connection, as a gen- 
tleman whose business qualifications have 
proven of the best, as indicated by the 
numerous enterprises he has brought to 
a successful issue, a brief biographical 
sketch is given of David McCartney. 

Some writer has said that the most 
prominent characteristics of the Scotch- 
Irish are stern integrit}-, the defense of 
liberty, and the love of God. Of such a 
grand old race is the subject of this 
sketch, who is a nati\'e of County Down, 
Ireland, born near the city of Belfast, 
September 14, 18 14, of hardy, stalwart 
Scotch-Irish ancestry, from whom he in- 
herits, no doubt, his wonderful vitality, 
strong individuality, courage and deter- 
mination. He is a son of William and 
Isabella (McCreary) McCartney, who 
about the year 1820, deciding to seek a 
new home in the New World, set sail 
from the shores of Erin with their little 
family, consisting of one son (the subject 


PUBLIC library; 




of these lines) and one daughter. From 
the port of debarkation thej' made their 
way to Ohio, where for some years in 
Guernsey county, later in Belmont county, 
the father followed agricultural pursuits, 
which had been his vocation in the mother 
country. He died on the farm he last 
conducted, his widow passing away some 
years later at Monmouth, Warren Co., 
III. The blood rumiingin their veins of 
that stern and rugged race of Covenanters 
who left their Scottish mountains and 
glens for the North of Ireland, where re- 
ligious persecution could not follow them, 
the}' lived and died in that Presbyterian 
faith for which their forefathers had 
fought and bled. 

In Guernsey county, Ohio, David Mc- 
Cartney received such education as could 
be acquired at the primitive pioneer 
schools of the period, at the same time 
learning the trade of stone-cutter. His 
father had two brothers in this country, 
b(jth builders and contractors, and with 
one of these, John McCartne}', he was 
employed at the commencement of the 
construction of the Baltimore & Ohio 
railroad, his uncle having a contract 
thereon; and later he was given employ- 
ment by his other uncle, James McCart- 
ney, who had a contract for earlier work 
M the Philadelphia & Columbia railroad, 
afterward known as the Pennsylvania Cen- 
tral railroad. (At that time G. A. Thomp- 
son was civil engineer for the company, 
and by merit rose to be president of the 
same road). Subsequently Mr. McCart- 
ney was employed on the construction of 
the Lake Erie & Pittsburg canal. In 1836, 
at the age of twent\'-two years, he was 
married in Coshocton county, Ohio, to Miss 
niizabeth Heslip, and the young couple 
then took ny> farming pursuits in that 
county, where and on other farms owned 
by him they resided for about eight years. 
Abandoning agriculture, Mr. McCartney 
now enibarktui in the milling and mercan- 
tile businesses at Hendrysiiurg, Belmont 
Co., Ohio, in connection therewith en- 
gaging in stock buying and general trad- 

ing. But his natural enterprising spirit 
was soaring jet higher, and in search of 
fortune he sought other fields, turning his 
attention naturally to railroad contract- 
ing. Among the new roads on which he 
secured contracts may be mentioned the 
Baltimore cS: Ohio, Central Ohio and the 
Hempfield railroad (now part of the Bal- 
timore & Ohio; this railroad was built 
about 1854-55, and the failure of the 
company resulted in a loss to Mr. McCart- 
ney of $80,000). Moving about the year 
1855 to Barnesville, Ohio, he there oper- 
ated a steam gristmill and a sawmill, 
which he owned in connection therewith, 
conducting other business, and at the end 
of ten years, in the spring of 1865, he 
came to Wisconsin. First locating in 
Oshkosh, he operated two steam sawmills 
there, but at the expiration of two years 
sold his interests and removed to Ft. 
Howard, where he became largely inter- 
ested in lumbering, sawmilling and other 
enterprises, involving the utilization of 
thousands of acres of pine land. In 1882 
Mr. McCartney retired from these inter- 
ests and established the McCartney's E.\- 
change Bank (a private institution) at 
Ft. Howard, which in 1892 was organized 
as a National Bank with a capital of 
$50,000, and is recognized as one of the 
safe and solid financial institutions of the 

In 1884, while visiting the Cotton 
Exposition at New Orleans, his attention 
was attracted to the State of Georgia and 
its resources; and judging that there was 
a good field for the profitable investment 
of capital, he in the year following pur- 
chased a tract of 3,500 acres of land, 
comprising three plantations, subsequently 
buying other tracts, consisting of 3,900 
acres, making a total of 7,400 acres. At 
Thomasville, the county town of Thomas 
county, Ga., he built a comfortable resi- 
dence, where in the luxury of balmy 
breezes and cheerful sunbeams he passes 
his winter months, in the enjoyment of 
that ease and comfort which comes as 
the reward of years of industry and toil. 



The land he rents chiefly to negroes, who 
raise for the most part cotton, but por- 
tions of the estate are covered with valu- 
able timber, mostly pine. 

During the Civil war Mr. McCartney 
was appointed a brigadier-general in the 
Ohio State militia, and also a United 
States provost-marshal, serving in the 
last-named office one and one-half years. 
During the famous raid into Ohio made 
by the Confederate general Morgan, our 
subject was in command of a thousand 
militiamen at Barnesville, in Belmont 
county, Ohio, guarding a long railroad 
trestle, over which were carried daily 
supplies for the Union army, as well as 
drafts of soldiers on their way to the seat 
of war. An attack on this trestle by 
Morgan was daily expected, and to further 
his ends he resorted to the following ruse: 
In order to learn what force there was 
guarding this work, from which he was but 
eight miles distant, he cut the telegraph 
wire, and instructed his own operator to 
telegraph to Gen. McCartney asking how 
many troops he had to defend the trestle, 
at the end of the message placing the 
name of Gen. Burnside, who was in com- 
mand of the Union troops at Cincinnati. 
When the message reached Gen. McCart- 
ney, he happened to be in the telegraph 
office at Barnesville, reclining on a couch, 
and on reading over the dispatch he at 
once suspected it was a " bogus" message. 
With the presence of mind which was ever 
ready to him, especially in moments of 
danger or seeming perplexity, he tele- 
graphed back that he had "sufficient 
force to guard the trestle, and enough 
men to capture Morgan's entire command 
should he come this wa3^" This clever 
thought of Gen. McCartney, crystallized 
in the return message he sent, and which 
of course was received by Morgan, was 
no doubt the cause of the latter abandon- 
ing his intended attack on the trestle, and 
making a detour to the north. Who can 
calculate of what inestimable value this 
act alone proved to the Union cause! But 
for the coolness, courage and presence of 

mind of this one man. Gen. McCartney, 
who can tell what terrible disaster might 
have ensued .' The sequel is a matter of 
the history of the war. Shortly afterward 
Morgan and his entire command were 
captured, and he and his fellow prisoners 
passed through Barnesville, where they 
halted and were fed. Throughout the 
entire war the General was a stanch sup- 
porter of the government, giving liberally 
both of his means and influence. 

Twice married, our subject had, by 
his first wife, three children, namely: 
William, now of Guernsey county, Ohio; 
Ellen, deceased wife of William Hum- 
phreyville; and Thomas Jefferson, in 
business at Golden, Colo. The mother 
of these died February 17, i<S45, 3"<^ i" 
1847 Mr. McCartney married Miss Lena 
Eliza Harris, a native of Ohio, by which 
union there were three children as follows: 
Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Whelan, 
and now a resident of Fort Howard; 
Emma Belle, unmarried and living at 
home, and Laney Viola, who died un- 
married. The mother of these passed 
from earth June 3, 1884. A lifelong 
Presbyterian, Mr. McCartney has been a 
liberal contributor toward its support, 
as well as to all beneficent institutions, 
particularly in his own city and in Green 
Bay. At his own expense he built the 
First Presbyterian Church of Fort How- 
ard, at a cost of about eight thousand 
dollars, and presented it to the congrega- 
tion. He is a member and trustee of 
same. In his political sympathies he was 
a Whig until the organization of the Re- 
publican part}', when he enrolled himself 
under its banner, as a zealous and loyal 
supporter of its principles. 

Before closing this sketch, there is to 
be added yet another to the record of Mr. 
McCartney's many gigantic undertakings; 
for although more than an octogenarian, 
he is as enterprising as he was twenty 
years ago, and he feels that he has not 
yet completed his task of doing good to 
his fellowmen. As an individual enter- 
prise, he is building at Fort Howard an 



electric railroad, and also putting in an 
electric system for lighting the city, all of 
which will be completed ere long. Self- 
reliance is and has been one of his strong- 
est characteristics, and in his business 
enterprises he has always relied upon his 
own judgment for results rather than the 
opinion and advice of others. He is a 
man of fine as well as forcible intellectual 
qualities, an extensive reader and close 
thinker, of a remarkably practical cast of 
mind. He is cautious, but firm in his 
judgments, and reliable; in manner he is 
social and friendly, and possesses quali- 
ties that readily win admiration and re- 
spect. His mental faculties to-day, when 
he has passed fourscore milestones on the 
highway of life, are as clear as ever, and 
with seeming unabated energy he is man- 
aging his far-away Georgia plantation of 
over seven thousand acres; at the same 
time is the head of a bank doing a large 
business, and moreover is conducting the 
construction of the important and com- 
plicated work connected with the putting 
into operation the electric railroad and 
electric lighting already referred to. For 
some thirty years he has been promi- 
nently connected with the public and pri- 
vate enterprises of Ft. Howard, and with 
its social, educational and mercantile in- 
terests. In brief, Mr. McCartney is a 
man of sound common sense, of great 
courage and 'resolution, and executive 
ability; a Christian gentleman, generous 
and liberal toward all beneficent institu- 
tions that he believes to be for the good 
of his city and the public at large; just to 
a fault, and ever thoughtful of those con- 
nected with him in social and business re- 
lations. May he live on in the enjoy- 
ment of life, the admiration of his many 

II.ART, junior member of the firm 
of H. W. & C. B. Hart, owners 
and managers of Hart's Steam- 
boat Line, Green Bay, is a native of the 

town, born November 13, 1S39, a son of 
Edwin and Eliza J. (Glass) Hart. 

In Green Bay and Oconto our subject 
received his education, attending the com- 
mon schools up to the age of twelve years, 
when he commenced sailing on the lakes, 
between Oconto and Green Bay, and by 
his ability as a mariner, and close atten- 
tion to his duties, rose by degrees from a 
comparatively humble position to be cap- 
tain of his own steamboat. Hart's Steam- 
boat Line was founded in 1873, with a 
capital of $140,000, by Capts. H. W. 
and C. B. Hart, both able and experi- 
enced steamboat men. They have now 
four propellers — the "Fannie C. Hart," 
the "Eugene C. Hart," the " C. W. 
Moore," and the "Welcome" — all as 
stanch, safe and reliable as their com- 
manders. The two brothers Hart are 
captains of the ' ' F'annie " and ' ' Eugene " 
in person, taking great pride in their boats. 
They run chietfy between Green Bay, 
Wis., and Cheboygan, Mich., and during 
the season give employment to about one 
hundred men. Capt. C. B. Hart was 
also part owner of the schooners "Eva 
M. Cone" and "Union," both in their 
day plying between Green Bay and 
Chicago, and was captain of the ' ' Eva 
M. Cone" from 1857 to 1863, and of the 
"Union" from 1863 to 1865. From 
1865 to 1883 he was steamboating on the 
Oconto river, returning to Green Bay in 
the latter year. 

On December 25, 1862, Capt. C. B. 
Hart was united in marriage with Miss 
Hattie Ellen St. Ores, a native of Illinois, 
but reared in Oconto, Wis., daughter of 
Lewis and Maryettc St. Ores, who in an 
early day came from the East to Oconto, 
where the father was engaged in the lum- 
ber business till 1S62; he died November 
13. '893, preceded to the grave by his 
wife, who died in 18760! heart disease. 
To Captain and Mrs. Hart has come one 
son, Eugene C, born December 7, 1880, 
who is at home with his parents. Politic- 
ally our subject is a Republican. In the 
fall of 1888 he joined \\asliington Lodge 



No. 21, F. & A. M., and at once became 
deeph' interested in the workings of that 
fraternity, rising rapidly in the order 
until he attained thirty-second degree, 
being connected with Warren Chapter 
No. 8, Palestine Commandery, K. T. , 
and Wisconsin Consistory. He is also a 
member of Green Bay Lodge No. 259, 
B. P. O. E.., and of the I. O. O. F., 
Lodge No. 19, Green Bay. where he was 

JH. LE ROY. Among the promi- 
nent agriculturists of De Pare town- 
ship, Brown county, none is more 
deserving of mention than this gen- 
tleman, who is a worthy member of one 
of the early pioneer families of same. He 
is descended from hardy New England 

Jonas Le Roy, father of our subject, 
was born August 12, 1819, in West Troy, 
N. Y. , son of Isaac Le Roy, a native of 
Poughkeepsie, who was a fisherman by 
occupation, following same along the 
banks of the Hudson river. His family 
consisted of four sons, John, William, 
Jonas and Henry. Jonas received a 
limited education in the subscription 
schools of the home neighborhood, left 
home at the age of nineteen, after his 
mother's death, and went to Cheapside, 
Deerfield, Mass., where he learned the 
trade of cabinet maker under Capt. 
Thayer, and some time later removed to 
Greenfield, same State, where he was 
employed in the cutlery factory of John 
Russell & Co. On September 10, 1840, 
he was married in Greenfield to Miss 
Edith A. King, who was born Januar\' 
29. 1 82 1, in Sunderland, Vt., daughter 
of James H. and Lilly fWillcut) Iving, 
the former of whom was a shoemaker by 
trade. In April, 1824, the King family 
moved to Massachusetts, and they were 
residing in Greenfield at the time of the 
daughter's marriage. The young couple 
immediately settled in Greenfield, and 
there remained about fourteen years, Mr. 

Le Roy continuing to work in the cutlery 
establishment. Two sons were born to 
them in Greenfield, viz.: John M., who 
enlisted in September, 1S61, at De Pere, 
Wis., in Company F, Fourteenth Wis. 
V. I., and was killed at Vicksburg May 
22, 1863 (his body was never recovered), 
and David S. J., who died when five 
years old. From Greenfield the family 
removed to Deerfield, where one child, 
J. H., was born, and later to Conway, 
same State, where they also had one 
child, Edith A., now Mrs. W. R. Mat- 
thews, of De Pere, Wis. In May, 1856, 
the family came westward to W^isconsin, 
journeying by stage to Adams. Mass., 
thence by rail via West Troy to Buffalo, 
N. Y. , at the latter place taking the 
steamer "Michigan" for Green Bay, 
where they landed May 28. The trip 
from Green Bay to De Pere was made by 

James S. King, a brother-in-law of 
Mr. Le Roy, had preceded them to Wis- 
consin, where, with money the latter had 
sent, he had purchased eighty acres of 
land in Section 32, De Pere township, 
along the Dickinson road. Some of the 
timber had been cut from this land during 
two winters of lumbering on it, but other- 
wise it was still in its primitive state, and 
they immediately set to work to clear a 
small space, where a log cabin, the first 
building on the farm, was erected. On 
this place was born one child, William S., 
now of De Pere. They resided here for 
eight years, and then, in 1865, sold the 
place, and purchased the farm our sub- 
ject now owns and resides upon, of which, 
at that time but fifteen acres were cleared. 
Another child was born on this farm, a 
daughter, who died in infancy. In Octo- 
ber, 1887, Mr. Le Roy removed to De- 
Pere on account of failing health, and 
there lived until his death, which oc- 
curred September 8, 1892; he was buried 
in Woodlawn cemetery. He was origin- 
ally a Whig, afterward a Republican, in 
politics, and for twelve years held the of- 
fice of clerk of De Pere township, a 



record which speaks for itself; for two 
years he was justice of the peace in the 
city of De Pere. but his faihng health 
compelled him to give this up. In religious 
connection he was a member of the M. 
E. Church, with which his widow is also 
identified. Since his death she has con- 
tinued to reside in De Pere. They had 
lived a happy wedded life of over fifty 
years, and the golden anniversary of 
their marriage was appropriately cele- 
brated by the family. When the)' came 
to Brown county bears, deer and wolves 
still roamed the forests, and almost the 
entire country was yet in its primitive 
condition. Bears were often seen even 
on the farm, and frequently carried off 
the pigs. A portion of ttie journey to 
their new home was made in an o.\-cart, 
and for several years o.xen were the only 
beasts of burden the pioneers had. The 
land svas covered with white and red oak, 
beech, pine and maple trees; in those 
days not only the men, but the women 
assisted in the clearing, and many were 
the hardships and privations endured by 
those early settlers before they had hewn 
for themselves a comfortable home from 
the dense forest. 

J. H. Le Roy was born February 7, 
1S51, in Deerfield, Mass., and in May, 
1.S56. came with his parents to De Pere 
township, Brown Co., Wis., where he 
received such education as the district 
schools of that time afforded. His older 
lirother having enlisted in the Civil war, 
he was early put to work on the farm, 
and thus his attendance at even those 
jirimitive schools was limited t(j a few 
months each year. He was thoroughly 
trained to farming, and resided on the 
home jilace until 1872, in the fall of 
which year he entered the employ of 
James S. Scott as clerk in a grocery store 
in De Pere, remaining there two years. 
He then attended F-awrence University, 
at Appleton, three months, after which 
he returned to his present farm. The 
following winter he acted as bookkeeper 
and measurer for Henry Graves, at the 

Morrison Coal Kilns, in Glenmore town- 
ship. Brown county, but he has since al- 
ways made his hoine on the farm. He 
successfully conducts a general farming 
and stock-raising business, and in connec- 
tion with his agricultural operations runs 
a threshing machine. 

Mr. Le Roy was married. September 5, 
1878, in De Pere township, to Miss Susan 
A. Winton, who was born in De Pere, 
daughter of Charles A. Winton, a native 
of Pennsylvania, who came to Brown 
county in an early day. The young 
couple immediately took up their resi- 
dence on the farm, and here children as 
follows have been born to them: Edith 
A. (who is attending school at De Pere), 
Ellsworth G., Eva W., Ada P., J. H., 
Jr., and Charles A., all living. Politic- 
ally Mr. Le Roy is a stanch Republican, 
and keeps himself well informed in the 
movements of his party, in whose welfare 
he takes great interest. He has been 
elected to various offices in his township, 
having served as assessor (two terms), 
school director, school treasurer, town- 
ship clerk (eight years). United States 
census enumerator for his town in 1890, 
State census enumerator in 1885. and in 
each capacity discharging his duties with 
credit to himself and satisfaction to his 
fellow citizens. He has also been called 
upon to act as representative to county 
conventions and assemblies, and he is one 
of the "wheel horses" of the Republican 
party in his section. Socially he is a 
member of De Pere Lodge No. 222, I. O. 
O. F., and Maple Leaf Lodge No. 107, 
K. of P., De Pere. Mrs. Le Roy. in re- 
ligious connection, is a member of the 
Methodist Church. 

TllO.MAS LL1>I;K Ml.VKP. the 
well-known furniture dealer and 
cabinet manufacturer of De Pere. 
was born five miles northeast of 
Xewville, Ciunberland Co., Pcnn., in 
August, 1821, a son of James and Martha 
(Hanna) Sharp, of Scotch and de- 



scent respectively. The father was a 
farmer, and also a captain in the Penn- 
sylvania militia, and both parents died in 
the Keystone State. 

Thomas E. Sharp lived on the home 
farm until sixteen or seventeen years of 
age* when he went to Logansport, Ind., 
where an uncle and friends of the family 
resided, and began learning carpentry and 
cabinet making at a point about five or 
six miles north of that city. His mother 
and the rest of the family accompanied 
him (his father having died when subject 
was but an infant), but the mother sub- 
sequently returned to Pennsylvania. 
Thomas E.progresseil rapidly at his trade, 
and was but a little over seventeen when 
he built a school house near Logansport, 
and also had manufactured several ar- 
ticles of furniture. When twenty-one 
or twenty-two he returned east, and for 
eleven months worked in Pittsburg, four 
months in Philadelphia, three in New 
York, Philadelphia and Newcastle, Penn. ; 
thence he went to Cincinnati, and in 
1848-49, the cholera year, was in Louis- 
ville, Ky. He then returned, via Indian- 
apolis, to Logansport. and started a 
cabinet shop, remaining about six months. 
In 1850, about the month of May, he set 
Cut west with a horse and buggy, reach- 
ing Chicago in' the latter part of the same 
month, and there shot at a mark on 
stumps that would now be in the heart of 
the city, if they were still in existence. 
He then drove on to Milwaukee and thence 
to Fond du Lac, where he disposed of his 
rig; then went to Green Bay and thence 
came to De Pere, where he built a resi- 
dence and also did some cabinet work. 
He had first intended to enter the build- 
ing and cabinet-making business, but 
finally drifted into cabinet making only, 
and in 1854 built a shop. He has also 
done something at boat building, pattern 
making, painting and other kinds of work, 
and has always been an industrious man 
and a skillful mechanic. 

The marriage of Mr. Sharp took place 
in De Pere, October 4, 1853, to Miss 

Harriet Stewart, a daughter of Robert D. 
and Sarah (Carpenter) Stewart, who were 
among the earliest settlers of the city. No 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Sharp, although a neice of Mrs. Sharp — 
Alice A. Stewart — lived with them many 
years, and is now married to Dr. Porter, 
of Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Sharp are 
members of the Congregational Church, 
and in politics he is a Republican. He 
has served as city treasurer of De Pere, 
and is considered to be one of the most 
solid inhabitants of the place. 

ceased), born at Stewartsville, 
Warren Co., N. J., March 5, 
1779, was of Scotch descent. He 
was married to Sarah Carpenter, October 
20, 1807, and died May 10, 1848; the 
death of his wife occurred May i, 1855. 
He landed at Green Bay June 14, 1836, 
lived in a house at Shantjtown, three 
miles distant, and was employed as super- 
intendent of the hydraulic works at De- 
Pere, at three dollars per day. In 1837 
he moved his family to De Pere, and 
bought a claim of 160 acres on the west 
side of the Fox river, erected the first 
house in West De Pere, and was the first 
white man to make his permanent home 
there. He was supervisor for many years 
and also chairman of the board. He took 
much interest in schools, was an elder in 
the Presbyterian Church, and it was his 
constant habit to take his family and 
neighbers six miles to church at Green 
Bay on the Sabbath, by means of his 

Robert D. and Sarah Stewart had a 
family of thirteen children, three of whom 
died in New Jersey. The ten who came 
with him to De Pere were William Max- 
well, who married Rachel Carpenter, and 
is now deceased; Elizabeth, who became 
the wife of W. W. Matthews, both now 
deceased; Caroline M., widow of Godfrey 
Miller, residing in De Pere; Mary, de- 
ceased; Joseph (deceased), who married 



Lora Lessey; Theodore (deceased), who 
married Mary J. Hammond, who now 
lives in Chicago, 111. ; Ellen, who married 
Fred W. Newhall, and lives in Chicago; 
Harriet, born December 28, 1830, mar- 
ried Thomas E. Sharp; Charles A., mar- 
ried to Maggie McFarland, and residing 
in Chicago; Matilda, who married Will- 
iam J. Green, of Nyack, N. Y. , and is 
now deceased. 

Mrs. William Maxwell Stewart, widow 
of the eldest son of Robert D., narrates: 
"Mr. R. D. Stewart, in 1836, beside 
farming, established a ferry across the 
Fox river at his house, situate at that 
time about a half mile south of the pres- 
ent dam at De Pere, and during the ab- 
sence of the father and brothers Mrs. T. 
E. Sharp and others of the children would 
often take passengers across the stream 
in canoes, occasionally in the large scowe 
and, to tell the truth, the young ladies 
did not regret the absence of father or 
brothers on such occasions, as the passage 
money was applied by the girls to their 
own use for pin money. When the family 
arrived at De Pere Indians were quite 

Thomas Stewart, the father of Robert 
D., was a native of Scotland, and settled 
in Warren county, N. J., in 1739; he was 
a farmer, owned 360 acres of land, and 
built a stone dwelling, around which after- 
ward clustered the village named Stewarts- 
ville, in his honor. He served as judge 
of the court of common pleas, five years, 
and also as justice of the peace. He died 
in his stone dwelling at the age of eighty- 
three years. His wife bore the maiden 
name of Rachel Dewees. When Robert 
D., his son, started for the West, he was 
accompanied by thirty others, including 
his own family, in their own boat, on the 
Delaware and Raritan canal, and "so on to 
Philadelphia, New York and Buffalo 
(where he sold his boat), and thence by 
the steamer "Daniel Webster" to Green 
Bay, the trip from Easton, Penn., occupy- 
ing just three weeks. The half-mile front- 
age he purchased on the west side of Fox 

river, and on which the larger part of 
West De Pere has since been built, is 
known as Stewart's addition. 

The extraordinary career of this re- 
markable man extends beyond the limits 
of comprehensive comment. With a heart 
filled with love and charity for his fellow 
creatures, his ear was ever open to the 
plaint of those in distress, and his hand 
ever extended in aid of the suffering. His 
intuitive knowledge of the laws of trade 
and the sequence of demand and supply 
led him to adapt the means at hand in the 
primitive country in which he lived to the 
precise wants of the hour, as well as to a 
permanent development of a prosperous 
future. His death was a severe blow to 
the community, and was indeed sincerely 

ART preceded his father, Rob- 
ert D. Stewart, in his de- 
parture from New Jerse}' for 
Wisconsin, in 1835, and on his arrival at 
Green Bay acted as foreman for his uncle, 
John P. Arndt, in getting out lumber, 
and afterward had charge of a vessel be- 
longing to the same gentleman, freighting 
lumber and stone. 

W. M. Stewart was married at what 
is known as Carpentersville, N. J., in 
June, 1834, to Rachel Carpenter, daugh- 
ter of Joseph A. and Sarah (Stewart) 
Carpenter. The Carpenters were of 
German origin, and descendants of the 
earliest settlers of New Jersey. When 
William M. came west he left his wife in 
Newjersey, and the follo\ving year, 1836, 
she followed in company with Robert D. 
Stewart's family. W. M. Stewart had 
always been a fanner. In politics he 
was a Republican, and served as super- 
visor, besides filling several minor offices; 
he was an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church for a number of years. He died 
in September, 1881. He and his wife 
were the parents of ten children, as fol- 
lows: Thomas, who married Augusta 



Sheean; John P., who was a Union sol- 
dier in the Civil war, and died at home of 
disease contracted in the service; Lyman, 
who married Annie E. Malone; Winslow, 
who married Julia Bene; Luella, who 
died in infancy; Ellen, who was married 
to James C. Ritchie; Elsie, single, at 
home; Robert D., who married Helen 
Hodgeson; and Joseph Carpenter, who 
married Matilda Stickles; Edward died at 
the ase of ten years. 

W]. FISK. This gentleman is 
president of the Kellogg National 
Bank at Green Bay, which m 
1874 was organized out of the 
City National Bank, and he has been 
actively identihed with the bank since 
1865; he is also one of the largest railroad 
contractors in the State of Wisconsin. 

Mr. Fisk was born in Brunswick, 
Ohio, in 1833, a son of Joel S. and Char- 
lotte (Green) Fisk, natives of New York, 
who in the year 1835 came to Wisconsin, 
landing at Sheboygan, whence he pro- 
ceeded on foot to Green Bay. From there 
he traveled, again on foot, by an Indian 
trail to Chicago, 111., returned east, and 
in 1836 came to Green Bay with his 
family. Here Joel S. Fisk found his first 
emplo\'ment, in his new western home, 
in the general store of Mr. Whitney, 
afterward conducting a similiar establish- 
ment for his own account, and for a long 
time was a prominent figure in the mer- 
cantile and lumbering interests of this 
section of Wisconsin. But he did not 
confine himself to these lines of business 
(which were of necessity the leading ones 
in the early days of a new country), for we 
find him in 1848 filling the position of 
register of deeds in the Land Office, and 
he it was who in 1 850 platted what is now 
the thriving city of Fort Howard. He 
also served as postmaster at Green Bay 
for some considerable time. He died in 
1876, his wife preceding him to the grave 
by just six weeks. They were the parents 

of seven children, of whom the following is 
a brief record: (i) W. J. is the subject of 
this sketch. (2j Valentine S. enlisted in 
Kansas, at commencement of the war 
of the Rebellion, in the Eighth Kansas 
Infantry, served throughout the entire 
struggle, and died at Washington, D. C, 
in 1872. (3) Elizabeth is the wife of 
Albert Johnson, and resides in Idaho. 
(4) Fannie C. died in 1875. (5) Kate P. 
died in 1863. (6) M. H. graduated in 
medicine at Ann Arbor Medical College; 
enlisted at Ann Arbor in the ninety-days' 
service; is now practicing medicine at 
\\'auwatosa,Wis. (7) One son, unnamed, 
died in infancy. 

W. J. Fisk received his elementary 
education at the schools of Green Bay, 
proving an apt scholar and diligent 
student. In his boyhood he evinced 
talent as a draughtsman, and at the early 
age of fifteen (in 1848J he made the maps 
for the Reservation of Lands for the im- 
provement of the Fox and Wisconsin 
rivers. For two years thereafter he 
served as clerk at Fort Howard, and 
then, being desirous of improving his 
education, attended college at Appleton, 
Wis. Returning to Fort Howard, Mr. 
Fisk here commenced trading in shingles — 
buying and selling; and as a natural tran- 
sition he soon embarked in the manufac- 
ture of that article, in course of time, 
however, abandoning that line for the 
lumber trade, in which he has since con- 
tinued, from day to day expanding his 
already vast interests. He began to sup- 
ply railroads, and his first contract was 
with the Chicago & Northwestern Rail- 
way Company to supply them with ties 
and timber for the construction of some 
fifteen miles of their road. The business 
was established in 1862 by W. J. Fisk, 
and in 1877, admitting two sons, the firm 
name became W. D. Fisk & Co. , the 
business consisting in the supplying of 
wood, ties, telegraph poles, etc., to rail- 
way companies. Quite an army of 
laborers and teams find employment in 
the vast operations of the firm. 



In 1855 Mr. Fisk was united in mar- 
riage at Fond du Lac, Wis., with Miss 
Mary J. Driggs, daughter of John J. 
Driggs, a native of New York, who in 1 836 
came to Green Bay, where he carried on 
a mercantile business. He died some 
years ago. To Mr. and Mrs. Fisk four 
children have been born, viz.: Frank S., 
who died in 1881; Wilbur D. and Harry 
W. , both married and residing in Fort 
Howard, being members of the firm of 
W. D. Fisk & Co., of that place; and G. 
Wallace, also married and living in Fort 
Howard, where he is bookkeeper for the 
Kellogg National Bank. In politics VV. 
J. Fisk is a Republican. From 1862 to 
I S65 he served as postmaster at Fort 
Howard; during the term 1875-76-77 he 
represented Brown county in the Assem- 
bly, and was chairman of the Railroad 
Committee when the famous Granger- 
Potter railway law was repealed. 

EPH VERBERK. Where emi- 
nent abilities and unblemished in- 
tegrity, combined with unimpeach- 
able virtue, derivable from the daily 
practice of religion and piety, contribute 
to adorn the character of an individual, 
then it is most proper to be prominently 
set forth as an example to those who 
would make themselves useful to the rest 
of mankind. .\nd the writer cherishes 
the belief that he will perform this ac- 
ceptable service in giving a brief sketch of 
the reverend gentleman whose name here 

Our subject was born in Holland Jan- 
nary 17, 1832, a son of Martin \'crberk, 
a cabinet-maker and ]iaintcr by trade in 
the s.ime country, where he was born 
I\;bruary 2, 1800. He (the father) was 
I'ducated for a teacher of French, during 
the time of Napoleon's control of Hol- 
land, but after the fall of Napoleon aban- 
doned that profession for a trade. In his 
family there were originally ten children 

— five sons and five daughters — which by 
1853 was reduced to two sons — Gerhard 
and Anthony Joseph — and three daugh- 
ters — Mary (now Mrs. H. Bremer, of 
Cleveland, Ohio), Joanna (who married 
John Rolder, and died in Ue Pere, Wis.), 
and Dora (now Mrs. Anthony Meulen- 
dyke, of Menominee, Mich.). In the 
spring of the year just named the family, 
resolving to seek a new home in the West- 
ern World, sailed for New York via 
Rotterdam and Liverpool. From their 
port of debarkation the party came west 
to Cleveland, Ohio, whither some of their 
friends had already migrated, and from 
here, in 1856, part of the family, amongst 
them the subject of this sketch, came to 
Green Bay; but becoming dissatisfied with 
the locality they returned to Cleveland in 
July, 1857. In after years the parents, 
in care of their son Gerhard, again came 
to Wisconsin, both dying in De Pere, 
Brown county, the mother on April 10, 
1874, the father on May 6, 1878. 

Rev. A. J. Verberk received his ele- 
mentary education at the parish schools 
of his native town, proving himself an 
apt and diligent scholar, studious and re- 
flective. At the age of fourteen he entered 
college, where for six years he was a no 
less diligent student of the languages — 
both ancient and modern — and studied 
philosophy until he was about twenty-one 
years old. when owing to his father's 
physical affliction, his studies were inter- 
rupted, and he had to assist in many 
ways at home till 1861, in September of 
which year he came to Little Chute, Wis., 
to visit an old Holland acquaintance, 
Father Spierings. Having been persuaded 
by this gentleman to resume his studies, 
Mr. Verberk on January 29, 1862, entered 
St. Francis Seminary, near Milwaukee, 
where he completed his philosophical and 
theological course. On December 27, 
I 863, he was ordained to the priesthood, 
bv Bishop Henni, in the Cathedral at 
^iilwaukee, and appointed to his first pas- 
toral duties at Theresa. Dodge Co. . Wis., 
as assistant to the priest stationed there. 


who was sick at the time. In September, 
1 864, he was given charge of his first con- 
gregation, which was in Freedom, Outa- 
gamie county, and here he remained until 
March, 1S65, at which time he was trans- 
ferred to Little Chute, where his old friend 
Father Spierings had been stationed. 
Here our suliject labored among his flock 
till October, 1869, during which time he 
built a new house for the priest, and the 
new church building, of which for several 
years nothing had been standing except 
the foundation, was through his efforts 
and labor completed, with the exception 
of the work on the interior. From Little 
Chute he was sent to St. Mary's Church 
at Appleton, at which time the parishion- 
ers, who were of several nationalities, all 
attended the same church, and it was dur- 
ing his incumbency here than the separa- 
tion took place. While in Appleton 
Father Verberk decided to pay a visit to 
his native land, and set out on his journey 
in June, 1872, proceeding to New York, 
visiting en rojite friends in Cleveland, 
Ohio, and Fort Lee, N. J. The voyage 
from New York to Liverpool occupied 
twelve days, and in August he arrived in 
Holland, where he met with an affection- 
ate reception, and lingered long and 
fondly about the hallowed spot of his 
happy childhood and boyhood days. His 
first intention was to travel through- 
out the continent and visit the Holy Land, 
but, a sickness that might be called "in- 
digenous" to Holland having seized him, 
he had to forego the anticipated pleasure, 
and return to the United States after a 
brief sojourn in his native country of 
about three months. 

On November 25, he started on his 
westward journey to resume his clerical 
duties in the Far West, and after a 
twenty-five days' passage from Liverpool 
landed in New York, the voyage having 
been protracted by an accident which oc- 
curred when they were four days out, 
necessitating return to port. Tarrying for 
some weeks in New York and New Jersey, 
he then visited relatives in Cleveland, 

Ohio, and in the spring of 1873 arrived 
once more at Green Bay, Wis., whence 
he proceeded to the diocese at Lacrosse, 
and for two years and a half had charge 
of the congregations at Baraboo, Sauk 
count\', and Eagle Point, Chippewa 
county. Being claimed by the 'oishop of 
Green Bay * as belonging to his diocese, 
he in November, 1875, was called to the 
temporary care of Wrightstown and other 
charges, and later, in February, 1876, 
was transferred to Chilton, Calumet 
C(junty, where was built under his pastor- 
ate a new church costing some twelve 
thousand dollars, and another for the 
Germans, costing from six to seven thous- 
and. In Maj', I 88 1, from the fact of his 
speaking the language of Holland, best 
understood by the Catholic congregation 
at Little Chute, he was recalled thither, 
remaining from 1881 to 1889. From that 
parish, where during his stay he com- 
pleted the yet unfinished church building 
and erected a new parish school, he re- 
moved in October, 1889, to his old charge 
at Chilton, remaining until 1892, when 
on account of failing health he resigned, 
in September taking up his residence in 
De Pere. where he made his home about 
nine months, during which period of re- 
pose he employed a portion of his time 
writing for a Dutch paper called De Pere 
Standard, and the English EcJio of the 
Valley. By the advice, however, of his 
physician, who recommended him to live 
more into the country, he came in May, 
1893, to the town of Holland, in Holland 
township. Brown county, where he has 
since led a retired life, at the same time 
filling the charge of St. Mary's Church, 
Hilbert Junction, by regular weekly visits 
and religious services whenever required. 

■ Till 

sident misionarv priest at Green Bay was 
rather Van den Broek. and Father Verberk is the only Hol- 
land priest in Wisconsin to see that venerable divine in life. 
This happened during the winter of 1847-48, when Father Van- 
den Broek, after years of missionary work among tlie Indians 
in the Fox River Valley, was on a visit to his native country. 
Father Verberk. at that time making his college course, went 
to see the aged missionary for advise about joining the colony 
of Hollanders just then preparing to emigrate with Father 
Van den Broek, Strange, that the college boy in after years 
should build a new church on the very spot, where the Pio- 
neer was laid to rest! 



leading representative citizen and 
prosperous farmer of Holland 
township, Brown county, by vir- 
tue of his popularity and usefulness in his 
county, deserves prominent place in 
this Biographical Record. 

He is a native of Brown county, Wis., 
born October 22, 1856, on the farm 
whereon he now lives in Section 14, Hol- 
land township, the eldest son of Thomas 
and Catherine (Keaton) Finnerty, natives 
of Ireland. Thomas Finnerty was born 
in County Sligo in 1820, the eldest in the 
family of Patrick Finnerty, a tenant 
farmer, who had by his wife, Catherine 
(Caggin), a family of ten children — seven 
sons and three daughters. In the spring 
of 1 848 the family emigrated to the United 
States, crossing the ocean from Liver- 
pool in the sailing ship "Lord Elgin," 
the voyage occupying seven weeks. Land- 
ing in Boston, they proceeded from there 
to Vermont, locating for a time in Rut- 
land county. In November, 1849, the 
entire family came to Wisconsin via Buf- 
falo to Sheboygan, and in Holland (at 
that time Kaukauna) township. Brown 
county, settled in the dense wildwoods on 
160 acres government land in Section 14, 
for which he paid ten shillings per acre, 
and entered in the name of Thomas, the 
eldest son. To reach this property the 
party traveled from Fond du Lac along 
the military road to a point south of 
Wrightstown, and from there had to lit- 
erally hew their way through the unbroken 
forest, there being neither road nor even 
path, the one they had to cut being the 
first. Here they built them a rude cabin 
and commenced to make a clearing for a 
farm. Patrick Finnerty, the head of this 
innnigrant familj-, died in 1871, his wife 
passing away later at the home of their 
son Thomas. 

Thomas Finnerty, just mentioned, 
soon after their arrival here, in fact in the 
fall of the same year (1848), had to return 
to Ireland for some pnrpf)se, but in the 
following spring rejoined his parents and 

was one of the hardest workers in the 
clearing of the land. F"or two summers, 
however, after coming here, Thomas Fin- 
nerty worked at Kaukauna, for the Fox 
River Improvement (Company, as a com- 
mon laborer, in order to earn means for the 
support of his parents and younger broth- 
ers and sisters, after which he commenced 
regular farming on the home place, and 
in the course of time what was a dense 
inhospitable forest he converted into a fer- 
tile farm and comfortable home, the met- 
amorphosis representing years of toil and 
unceasing industry. In 1855 he married 
Catherine Keaton, a native of Tipperary, 
Ireland, and by her had children as fol- 
lows: Patrick, the subject proper of this 
sketch; Ellen, now Mrs. Hugh Finnegan, 
of Holland; Catherine, who died unmar- 
ried at the age of thirty-one years; Mary, 
living in Green Bay; and Bridget, at 
home. The family are all members of St. 
Francis Church, at Holland. In his po- 
litical associations Thomas Finnerty is an 
ardent Democrat, and in National and 
State elections invariably votes that 
ticket, but in county and township affairs 
he suppt^rts the candidate he considers 
best qualified for the office, regardless 
of party ties. In his township he has 
held the positions of treasurer and chair- 
man, as well as treasurer of the school 

Patrick Finnerty, the subject of this 
memoir, received a liberal education at 
the winter schools of the vicinity of his 
home, and being a diligent and apt 
scholar, made remarkable progress with 
his books. Schools in his boyhood were 
very different to what they are at the 
present time, and the lad, young as he 
was, saw by his own experience that vast 
improvements in the nurseries of the 
young mind were necessary if education 
was to keep pace with the phenomenal 
progress of the latter half of the nine- 
teenth century. Indeed, so aggressive 
was the stand he took, and so convincing 
were the arguments he advanced, that 
before he was twenty-one years old ho 



received the appointment of clerk of the 
school board of his district, an office he 
has ever since held, always laboring for 
the best interests of the educational in- 
stitutions, particularly those included 
within his own district. He was reared a 
farmer boy on the same farm he now 
conducts, all his instruction in this line 
of work being received under the pre- 
ceptorship of his father. Prior to his 
marriage, in 1889, he took a trip to the 
Pacific coast — his destination California; 
and traveling by the Union Pacific rail- 
road he stopped at many of the principal 
cities (7/ /7);//i:'. In the "Eureka State" 
he sojourned some ten months, visiting 
various interesting points, and in passing 
through Oregon spent some time in Port- 
land, returning to his Wisconsin home at 
the end of about a year. 

Politically Mr. Finnerty has been a 
Democrat from the time he cast his first 
vote, and has always been a wheel-horse 
of the party, being from early manhood 
recognized as a leader in the Democratic 
ranks in his township. He has been re- 
peatedly called to positions of honor and 
trust, all of which he has filled with honor 
to himself and satisfaction to his con- 
stituents. For two years he served as 
treasurer, and in 1894 he was elected 
township clerk. In the fall of 1886, by 
a majority of votes, he was sent to the 
Assembly as member of the thirty- 
eighth session of the Wisconsin Legis- 
lature, the occasion being the second bi- 
ennial session, and he was the youngest 
man ever elected to the Legislature in 
Brown county. 

In February, 1889, Mr. Finnerty was 
married at Milwaukee, Wis., to Miss 
Ellen Desmond, a native of Brooklyn, N. 
Y. , and daughter of Matthew Desmond, 
who settled in Milwaukee when Mrs. 
Finnerty was a child of about three sum- 
mers. Three children have been born to 
this union: Addie, Matthew and Thomas. 
The home farm, still comprising 160 acres 
of prime land, is conducted under the 
immediate supervision of our subject him- 

self, and reflects as much credit on him 
as an agriculturist as have his public ser- 
vices as a statesman. 


thousands of other worthy men 
whose lot in their native coun- 
try was. simply to drudge and 
be always poor, John Reynen, father of 
Matthias, saw in the Western World a 
rainbow of promise. In the spring of 
1 85 I, with his wife and six children, he 
left hard times and Holland behind, and 
sailed from Amsterdam in an English 
ship bound for New York city, arriving 
after a fiftj'-eight-days' voyage. Green 
Bay, Wis. , was their final destination, and 
they proceeded up the Hudson river by 
steamboat to Albany, where they were 
delayed a month by the severe illness of 
the head of the family. When he had re- 
covered they continued their journey via 
the Erie canal, and Matthias and his 
brother werepriviledged characters on the 
trip, being allowed to ride the horseswhich 
drew the canal boat. Upon arrival at Buf- 
falo it was learned that but one vessel, the 
old " Michigan," was plying between that 
point and Green Bay, and as it took her 
two weeks to make the round trip, it was 
necessary to wait most of that time for 
her return; but they at length embarked, 
and in the fall of 1S51 reached their des- 

The family passed the first winter in 
Green Bay, but the following spring found 
them in De Pere, as tenants of Samuel 
Blake. After passing the summer here 
they removed to Little Chute, where the 
elder Reynen found employment on the 
canal, as he had previouslj' done, carry- 
ing back to his family fifty pounds of 
flour upon his return. He continued to 
reside at Little Chute during his active 
life, finally locating at De Pere, where he 
died in 1883, and his remains were in- 
terred in the Catholic cemetery at that 
place. His widow yet lives with a mar- 
ried daughter, on the same farm first 



occupied b}' tlie family upon their arrival 
in this region. Their children, who are 
all living, are as follows: William, re- 
siding in South Dakota; Matthias, whose 
name introduces this article; Gertrude, 
now Mrs. John Coonen, of De Pere; Han- 
nah, now Mrs. W'illiam Vanderveldcn, of 
Cornelius, Oregon; Mary, wife of John 
\'andyke, of Freedom, Outagamie Co. , 
Wis.; Martin, of South Dakota; and the 
only death in this family has been that of 
the father. The children have all reared 
large families. 

Matthias Reynen was born in Holland 
March 14, 1838, and was consequently 
but thirteen years of age when he arrived 
in the land of his adoption. His father 
was able to afford him but a meager edu- 
cution in the old country, and after arriv- 
ing in the United States his only school- 
ing was included in a four-weeks' attend- 
ance at Albanj', during the sickness of his 
father, as above mentioned, He showed 
remarkable aptness, and during that short 
period succeeded in mastering the three 
primary "readers" which a kind old 
gentleman had furnished him. By the 
time he reached Green Bay he was able 
to speak the English language fairly well, 
and the first mone)' he earned was fifty 
cents received for acting as interpreter. 
The same spirit of determination has been 
of great value to him in the subsequent 
years of his life, for by his own sole efforts 
he has reached the position he now holds, 
as a substantial, respected and estimable 
citizen. His first employment in Wis- 
consin was peeling potatoes for Capt. Ed- 
wards, proprietor of the old "Washing- 
ton House " (which stood on the site now 
occupied bj- the "Beaumont House"), 
and having performed the same kind of 
labor in his passage across the Atlantic, 
lie was undoubtedly proficient. Contin- 
uing to reside with his parents until he 
became of age, young Matthias turned 
his earnings over to tliem. assisting them 
to the best of his ability to keep ' ' the 
wolf from the door" and become the pos- 
sessors of a home, engaging in various 

kinds of labor — fishing, gardening, etc. 
Until 1852 he carried the mail for Mr. 
Tyler between Green Bay and Manito- 
woc, one summer, when his horse had 
only an Indian trail to follow, and the boy 
had no definite idea as to the location of 
Manitowoc, frequently turning out to 
avoid wolves, bears, and other wild ani- 
mals. His instructions were, if the horse 
got disabled and swamped, to shoulder 
the mail bag and continue on foot; this 
happening on one occasion he left the 
horse in the swampy ground, and started 
to walk, but the animal succeeded in ex- 
tricating itself from the mudhole, and fol- 
lowing Mr. Reynen caught up with him 
and whinnied for his master before he 
had reached his destination. He at 
length secured a position with Mr. Wager 
and afterward with Wilcox & Wager, 
millers of De Pere, with whom he learned 
the milling trade, when the stone mill 
was built in De Pere, and continued to 
work at that place, at intervals, for twelve 
years, as well as in a similar capacity at 
other points; he is the oldest Hollander 
miller in the Fox River \'alley. He was al- 
so employed more or less in the woods, and 
hand in hand along with hard work plod- 
ded along through the years, making a 
record as a toiler scarcely surpassed by 
a man of his age. He has been engaged 
at nearly all kinds of labor except military 
duty, and barely missed that, for he was 
drafted, but escaped through a mistake on 
the part of the enrolling officer, who 
s()elled his name "Ryan." Mr. Keynen 
is unquestionably a leader of the self- 
made men of his section, and. in addition 
to his ability. l)eing possessed of a won- 
derful retentive memory, there is no 
doubt but that, with proper education, he 
might have made an honorable and dis- 
tinguished record in the professional 

On November 16. 1863. Mr. Keyncii 
was wedded, in tiie old German Catholic 
Church at Green Hay, to Adelia Martins, 
who was born in Holland in 1843 and 
came to the United States with her 



father's family in 1850, the latter locat- 
ing near the home of our subject, in Al- 
louez township, at the foot of Robinson 
Hill, the property now owned by Mr. 
Reynen. The children born to this union 
were: Minnie, now deceased; Fannie, 
now Mrs. Frank Van Noss, of Green Bay; 
Mary, now Mrs. Charles Van Noss, of 
the same city, G. William, of Allouez, em- 
ployed in the railroad service; Martin, 
Tony, Ella and Minnie, at home; Frank, 
deceased; Peter and Lilly May, at home; 
and Dora, deceased. For a short time 
after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Reynen 
resided at Green Bay, but soon removed 
to De I-*ere, where Mr. Reynen formed a 
partnership with Fred Lucke, and en- 
gaged for a few years in the milling busi- 
ness. He also purchased the ' ' De Pere 
House," becoming its landlord. He had 
previously started up a new mill for other 
parties in Chippewa Falls, and, besides, 
built and conducted another at De Pere, 
which latter was burned in 1883, the loss 
being heavy and the insurance small. 
After this disaster he located upon the 
farm of ninety-seven acres upon which he 
has since resided, the homestead being 
generally known as "Robinson Hill." 
From his pleasant home, erected in 1891, 
a delightful view of the Fox river is 

Politically Mr. Reynen is an unswerv- 
ing Democrat, and he has been elected by 
his party to various official positions at 
the different places where he has lived. 
While in De Pere he was a member of the 
city council several years, as well as of 
the county board of supervisors twelve or 
fifteen years, resigning upon his removal 
to Allouez. In the latter township he has 
been chairman of the town board for sev- 
eral years, and is the present member for 
Allouez on the county board, a position 
in which he has alwa\'s rendered credit- 
able service. During the panic of 1873 
he lost nine thousand dollars inside of six 
months, and his fire losses in 1883 were 
ten thousand; but, notwithstanding these 
severe blows, he is yet comfortably situ- 

ated, owning one hundred acres of the 
most desirable land in the vicinity of 
Green Bay, a property which is destined 
to be worth many thousand dollars in the 
not distant future. From his boyhood he 
has found it necessary to make an uphill 
fight. Instead of being assisted by his 
parents his efforts were lent to their sup- 
port, and it was a struggle for years be- 
fore there was perceptible gain. In deal- 
ing with his fellowmen his methods have 
been straightforward and honorable, and 
"Matt" Reynen, as he is best known, 
is respected and esteemed by a wide circle 
of acquaintances. He and his family are 
members of the Holland Catholic Church, 
in which he has been an officer for years, 
and to which his contributions have been 
most liberal. From out the Netherlands, 
w'hich have sent sturdy men and women 
into the four quarters of the globe, there 
have come few, if any, who can lay 
stronger claim to the proud title, ' ' a 
self-made man," and he bears his laurels 
with becoming composure. 

the firm of Joannes Bros., whole- 
sale grocers. Green Bay, Wis., 
is a native of Belgium, born in 
the town of Tervueren, about six miles 
east of Brussels, April 24, 1844. the 
eldest son of Eugene C. and Marie Eliza- 
beth (Vandersmissen) Joannes. 

In 1856 the family, consisting of 
father, mother and eight children, left 
their native land for the New World, 
taking passage on a sailing vessel at Ant- 
werp, and after a voyage of thirty-nine 
days landed in New York. From there 
they proceeded westward to Wisconsin, 
via rail to Buffalo, thence steamer to 
Green Bay, which they found to be a 
thriving village and important trading 
point. The family settled in Lawrence 
township. Brown county, on a small 
farm, which they commenced to clear, by 
hard work and untiring perseverance to 







make a new home in the then compara- 
tive wilderness; but the father was 
doomed never to reahze his hopes and 
plans for the future, for early in the fol- 
lowing spring (1857), in attempting to 
cross Fox river on the ice he broke 
through and was drowned, leaving a 
widow and seven children to survive him, 
the youngest child (an infant) having died 
a few months before this. He had lived 
in Brown county only about six months, 
yet during that short time had estab- 
lished himself in the estimation of all 
whom he came in contact with as an 
earnest, industrious man, above the 
average in intelligence and progressive- 
ness. All of the children that were old 
enough were sent to school soon after 
they were settled. The death of the 
father left the widowed mother alone 
among strangers with her children, the 
eldest being only about fourteen years 
old; but being heroic in nature, and 
possessed of an indomitable will power 
and a strong constitution to back it, she 
set herself to the task of rearing her 
children as well as circumstances would 
permit. The neighbors, being kind- 
hearted people, took great interest in the 
family, and helped them in many ways, 
five of the children finding homes among 
them, where they were required to do 
chores, assisting in farm work during the 
summer season and attending school 
during the winter months. In 1861 the 
family moved into Green Bay, the farm 
having been sold, and the money realized 
from it was invested in a small home on 
Pine street, where the Green Bay, 
Winona & St. Paul railroad office build- 
ing now stands. Here the family resided 
some years, the children, when old 
enough to leave school, succeeding in 
securing employment of one kind or an- 
other in Green Bay. 

Charles Joannes, who, as will be 
scon, was about twelve years old when 
the family came to Wisconsin, after 
spending five years on the farm, went to 
Green Bay, where he immediately secured 

a position with the late Dr. Henry 
Pearce, remaining there a little more 
than two years, doing chores and attend- 
ing school. From there he entered the 
office of register of deeds as copying 
clerk under Xavier Martin, and there he 
remained two years, at the end of which 
time he entered the store of Bennett & 
Williamson, proprietors of the then lead- 
ing dry-goods store in Green Bay, con- 
tinuing in their employ until the winter of 
1867. At that time, being desirous of 
improving himself in commercial theory, 
he went to Chicago, where he entered 
Bryant & Stratton's Business College, 
and after graduating from this school he 
received the appointment of assistant 
bookkeeper with Bekling Bros. & Co., 
manufacturers and jobbers of sewing 
silks, Chicago. At the end of three 
months he had earned the confidence of 
the firm, and was sent liy them to their 
Cincinnati house to take full charge of 
their books there, while at the close of 
two years he became traveling salesman 
for the same firm, his territory covering 
almost the entire South; but in July, 
1872, he severed his connection with 
Belding lirothers in order to embark in 
the grocery business with his brothers in 
Green Bay. 

The firm of Joannes Brothers, consist- 
ing of Charles, William, Mitchell and 
Thomas, commenced business in a retail 
way in August, 1872. William lat that 
time the only one of the four brothers to 
have any experience in that line) was sent 
to New York to buy their first stuck of 
goods, which was bought for cash. The 
boys, being well known and respected, did 
a flourishing business from the start, and 
soon became the leading retail grocers in 
the city. There was then quite a large 
jobbing business done in Green Bay, but 
the panic of 1873 soon followed, and 
proved very disastrous to all the business 
interests in Green Bay. particularly to the 
wholesale grocery trade, it taking but a 
short time to close up all of the whole- 
sale grocery firms in the city. Joannes 


Brothers, being then the leading retail 
grocers, were quick to realize the import- 
ance of trj'ing to take care of as much of 
the trade, that had formerly been bu3'ing 
their goods at wholesale on this market, 
as possible; but with their limited capital, 
together with the panick}' condition then 
existing, they could readily see that noth- 
ing but a strictly cash basis would now be 
safe to follow. This they adopted, and 
adhered to until conditions were more 
favorable to again return to a credit sys- 
tem, from which time on their business 
increased very rapidly, so that in 1884 
they discontinued their retail department, 
and have ever since conducted an exclu- 
sively jobbing business. In 1891 their 
business had grown to such an extent that 
they found it absolutely necessary to in- 
crease their facilities, and they then 
erected their present four-story fand base- 
ment) building, 88 x 90 feet in dimensions 
(with granite front), with warehouses in 
rear extending to the channel of the Fox 
river, where all the largest lake steamers, 
having goods for the firm, land and unload 
their cargoes direct into these warehouses, 
thus saving the firm a large amount every 
year in cartage. They also have the track 
of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
railroad running between their store and 
warehouse, thus enabling them to being all 
car-load lots directly opposite their prem- 
ises for unloading. In connection with their 
grocery business they also own and oper- 
ate a very complete coffee and spice mill, 
and there are no better goods on the 
market than their Champion bra.nd spices. 
Taking all things into consideration, the 
Joannes Brothers have, without a doubt, 
the most complete and best equipped 
plant for conducting a wholesale grocery 
business that can be found in the North- 
west, with a trade that is second to none 
in the State of Wisconsin. They now 
have seven traveling men on the road 
selling goods, which fact, however, hardly 
gives a correct idea of their business, 
fully half of which comes to them un- 
solicited, and the}' employ in their differ- 

ent departments no less than forty-four 
hands. In the accomplishment of this 
the brothers have had very little leisure 
time, and to-da\-, even, the}' are harder 
workers than any of their numerous em- 
plo}ees, and their success in life is largely 
attributed to the close personal attention 
the}- have always given every detail in 
their business, they never allowing goods 
to be misrepresented, so far as they are 
able to judge. 

On Jul}- 2, 1872. Charles Joannes, the 
senior member of the firm, was married 
in Cincinnati to Miss Hattie P. Lambdin, 
a native of that city, and daughter of 
William Thomas and Martha (Athern) 
Lambdin, who were born in Martha's 
Vineyard, Mass., where William Athern, 
the grandfather of Mrs. Charles Joannes, 
helped to build the United States frigate 
"Constitution." Mrs. Joannes received 
her education in the schools of Rising 
Sun, Ind., and is a lady of culture and 
refinement. She is a prominent member 
of the Congregational Church, and takes 
en active interest in the social life of 
Green Bay. As a business man, Mr. 
Joannes is recognized as possessing the 
utmost abilit}-, push and energy, and as 
a citizen none stand any better. 


of the wholesale grocery firm of 
Joannes Bros., Green Bay, is a 
native of Belgium, born in 
1848, and is the third son of Eugene C. 
and Marie Elizabeth (\'andersmissen) 

Mitchell Joannes was but eight years 
of age when he left home to live with 
others. At the age of eight and one-half 
years he began working on a farm; four 
years afterward went to Ripon, Wis., 
where for two years he was employed at 
the same kind of labor. In 1862 he 
came to Green Bay, entered a physician's 
office as clerk, and was thus engaged for 
two years, at the end of which time he 
commenced clerking in the crockery 







house of W^heelock & Chapman, at 
which he continued until his enhst- 
ment, in 1865, in Company G, Forty- 
first Wis. \'. I., under the ninety- 
days' call; was stationed at Mem- 
phis, Tenn., and was honorably dis- 
charged at the expiration of his term of 
enlistment; he sustained only one injury, 
a^jd that was at Chatham, 111., through 
an accident while en route for home. On 
his recovery, he was emplo3ed as clerk 
for eighteen months in Green Bay, and 
was tlien appointed to a position in the 
postoffice, in the service of which, as 
clerk and assistant postmaster, he re- 
mained nine j-ears, doing duty during the 
terms of Capt. D. M. ^^■hitney. Capt. C. 
R. T3ler and W. C. E. Thomas. He 
resigned this position to take an active 
part with his brothers, Charles and Will- 
iam, in the grocery business. [Business 
record of Joannes Bros, will be found in 
the sketch of Charles Joannes.] 

Besides his interest in this e.xtensive 
concern, Mitchell Joannes has manifold 
collateral connections. He has been a 
director in the Citizens National Bank 
since the organization of that institution; 
is a stockholder in the Columbian Bakery 
Compan\-, of which he is a director and 
vice-president; also stockholder in and 
treasurer and director of the Green Bay 
and Fort Howard Water Works Com- 
pany. He is likewise a stockholder in 
the Green Bay Planing Mill, as well as 
in the Green Bay Pickle Factorj', and 
both building and loan societies; he is a 
stockholder in the Brown County Fair 
and Park Association, and director in the 
J. K. Thomas Machine Company, and a 
member of the Business Men's Associa- 
tion of the cit\-. In politics he is inde- 
pendent, locally, voting for such men and 
measures as will redound, in iiis opinion, 
to the best interests of the general public, 
and has served, with the same end in 
view, as alderman from the Second 
ward. In religion he is a devout Roman 
Catholic, and worships at the French 
Catholic Church. 

The marriage of Mr. Joannes was 
celebrated at Green Bay July i, 1875, 
with Miss Fannie D. Goodhue, daughter 
of Charles F. H. and Delia (Alger) Good- 
hue, early settlers at Beloit, Wis. The 
father of this amiable lady died in Wood 
county. Wis., May 16, 1874, a much- 
honored citizen; the mother makes her 
home in Green Bay with Mr. Joannes' 
famih'. This union was crowned by the 
birth of five children, of whom three are 
still living, viz.: Gertrude A., Arline and 
Harold V. ; the deceased are Guy Good- 
hue, born May 17, 1876, died August 25, 
1876; and Nellie Genevieve, born August 
31, 1880, died June 23, 1882. Mr. Joannes 
has indeed been the "architect of his 
own fortune," having by his upright busi- 
ness methods won for himself a host of 
friends in the community of trade, and 
by his genial manners and pleasant ad- 
dress added daily to his list of patrons. 
He has always been among the foremost 
to aid by his means and enterprising 
spirit the building up of Green Bay city 
and the county of Brown, of which he is 
recognized as one of the most substantial 

TkOMAS JOANNES, member of 
the wholesale grocery firm of 
Joannes Brothers, Green Bay, is 
a native of Belgium, born March 
17, 1849, in Tervueren, a town situated 
some six miles east of Brussels, a son of 
Eugene C. and Marie Elizabeth (X'anders- 
missen) Joannes. 

Thomas Joannes was seven years old 
when the family came to the United 
States and to Wisconsin, and at the 
schools of Green Bay he received a fairly 
liberal education up to the age of fourteen 
years. On leaving school he commenced 
learning the trade of jeweler, and bj' the 
end of three years was so proficient at the 
business that he was given charge of most 
of the repairing in the store where he 
ser\ed his apprenticesiiip. About the year 
1866, abandoning the jewelry business. 



he was given a clerkship in the postoffice 
at Green Bay, and after four years in that 
capacity was appointed, by United States 
Senator T. O. Howe, to the position of 
postal clerk in the United States mail ser- 
vice. He had charge of the first mail car 
that ever ran north of Green Bay, and his 
was the first appointment for that division; 
but after a faithful service of one and one- 
half years he resigned in order to take 
active interest in the grocery business of 
Joannes Brothers, with which he had been 
affiliated since 1872. [Business record of 
Joannes Brothers will be found in the 
sketch of Charles Joannes.] 

From the time of the opening out of the 
wholesale branch, Thomas Joannes has, 
more particularly, had charge of the spice 
mills, besides attending to outside mat- 
ters, such as collections, etc. On Octo- 
ber 23, 1878, he was united in marriage, 
in Oshkosh, Wis., with Miss Emma M. 
Heath, a well-educated and highly-cul- 
tured lady, whose native place is Racine, 
Wis. She is a daughter of Joseph and 
Catherine (Norton) Heath, old residents 
of Oshkosh. To Mr. and Mrs. Joannes 
have been born three children, named 
respectively: Genevieve Regina, Mary 
Hortense and Leland Heath. The par- 
ents are members of St. John's Church, 
Green Bay, and in his political sympathies 
Mr. Joannes is pronouncedly independent. 
During the winter of 1893-94 he built one 
of the finest residences to be seen in Green 
Bay or vicinity, in which he takes a pro- 
per pride, for it is an ornament to the 
city. His success in life is due to hard 
work and good business management, 
which, coupled with common sense and 
sound judgment, have brought him the 
reward he so well merits. 

LOGG, cashier of the Kellogg 
Banking Company at De Pere, 
Brown county, was born June 
I, 1855, in Amherst, Mass. He is a son 
of Sanford W. and Emily L. (Spears) 

Kellogg, the former of whom was at one 
time a resident of Amherst, Mass., and 
later a capitalist at Waukegan, 111., re- 
moving still later to Sauk Center, Minn., 
where he engaged extensively in general 
merchandising and flour-milling. He sub- 
sequently returned to Waukegan, 111., 
where he died in October, 1882. 

William E. Kellogg was educated 
partly at the high school of Waukegan, 
having previously passed the junior year 
at Notre Dame College, South Bend, Ind. 
After leaving high school he was em- 
ployed for a couple of years by a mer- 
cantile firm at Sauk Center, Minn., of 
which his father was the head, doing 
business under the title of Kellogg, Chase 
& Mayo; later was with Thomas, Lazear 
& Hayden, w-holesale dealers in furnish- 
ing goods at Chicago, and then with John 
V. Farwell & Co., wholesale dry-goods 
men of the same city. In June. 1878, 
he entered the Kellogg National Bank at 
Green Bay, Wis., at the bottom of the 
ladder, and remained until October, 1S81, 
when he was made cashier of the Rufus 
B. Kellogg & Co. bank at De Pere, of 
which institution he is now the heaviest 
stockholder. The average annual de- 
posits in this bank up to the panic of 
I 893 were about one hundred and twenty- 
five thousand dollars, and although a 
slight diminution then took place, the 
deposits soon recovered their wonted 
volume. Throughout the most stringent 
season of the year named the bank never 
for a moment closed its doors, and never 
asked a dollar aid from any source — an 
illustration of the safe and conservative 
system of the bank, which has never yet 
lost a dollar by bad loans or investments. 
Since 1881 the affairs of the bank have 
virtually been under the control of Mr. 
Kellogg, and although this gentleman 
was but a novice when he took charge, 
the owners made but one visit of inspec- 
tion per year after the first two or three 
months, being thoroughly satisfied with 
the safe .system upon which the cashier 
was conducting its affairs. The manage- 



ment hold the entire confidence of the 
pubhc, and depositors feel that their 
funds are as safe in its custody as if 
locked up in a safety-deposit vault. The 
bank is a State bank, and was incorpor- 
ated in 1889 with R. B. Kellogg, presi- 
dent; L. D. Hurd, vice-president, and W. 
E. Kellogg, cashier, with a capital stock 
of twenty-five thousand dollars, being the 
outcome of a private bank established by 
Rufus B. Kellogg in 1878. The death of 
R. B. Kellogg, however, took place in 
September, 1891, and H. H. Camp suc- 
ceeded to the presidency of the Kellogg 
Banking Company. This gentleman was 
formerly president of the First National 
Bank of Milwaukee, and is now also presi- 
dent of the Milwaukee Trust Company. 

At the death of Rufus B. Kellogg our 
subject was appointed one of the execu- 
tors of his estate of half a million, with- 
out bonds, and was also made guardian 
of his children. Rufus B. Kellogg was a 
practical business man, and when our 
subject started in with him, at the mea- 
ger salary of twenty dollars per month, he 
was warned that promotion depended on 
his ability and attention to his duties. 
The result speaks for itself. 

The marriage of W. E. Kellogg with 
Gertrude M. Hutchinson was solemnized 
June 7, 1882, at Waukegan, 111., the 
fruit of the union being Rufus H., born 
December 13, 1889, and Anna, born 
January 22, 1893. 

DANIEL WHITNEY (deceased). 
Something more than a simple 
announcement and a passing re- 
mark is due to the memory of one 
who was not only the founder of Green 
Bay, but for more than thirty years had 
his resilience there, and was as familiar 
to the people as their own hou.sehold 
gods. More than any other man, he was, 
in the earlier part of his career, ardently 
and actively engaged in developing the 
resources of the then wilderness of the 
Northwest, and in building \\\) the city of 

Green Bay. As one of the first settlers 
and pioneers of Wisconsin, there is due 
to his memory a place on the record of 
his adopted home. In the prosecution of 
his early explorations, as pioneer, no one 
traveled as much, or labored as hard as 
he; and, in doing so, no man suffered 
more hardships, or exposure, or ran more 
desperate risks. He knew no fear» 
W' herever his duty or his business called 
him, he went. Cold, storm, or night- 
time had no terrors sufficient to deter him 
from pursuing his object. 

Mr. Whitney was born September 3, 
1795, in Gilsum, N. H., a son of Samuel 
and Mary Whitney, the former of whom 
was a native of Massachusetts, born 
August 5, 1758, in Newton, whence in an 
early day he removed to New Hampshire, 
becoming a very prominent man in the town 
of Gilsum, that State. He there married 
Miss Mary Whitney, daughter of Capt. 
Joshua Whitney, a prominent citizen of 
W'orcester, Mass. , and captain of a vol- 
unteer company raised there, serving 
throughout the Revolutionary war. Sam- 
uel Whitney, father of our subject, was 
also a soldier in that struggle, a member 
of Capt. Flagg's company of "Minute 
Men." His son Daniel, of whom this 
sketch pertains, was reared in New Hamp- 
shire, and received his education in part 
at the schools of the neighborhood of his 
home, in part in Boston, Mass. In 1S16 
he paid his first visit to Green Bay, to 
"spy the land," and returning east again 
in 1 819, came here to make his perma- 
nent home in the new country, being 
twenty-four years old at the time. Here 
he established himself in mercantile busi- 
ness near Camp Smith, two and one-half 
miles above the present site of Green 
Bay, where the village then was; and this 
was the starting point of all his subsequent 
numerous enterjirises. 

Wisconsin, and all the west and north, 
was then a complete wihiernoss, inhabited 
only by wild Indians comprising within 
the limits of the present State at least si.\ 
different nations, and other nations still 


more fierce and warlike held all the coun- 
try west of the Mississippi. This did not 
prevent Mr. Whitney from making many 
long journeys to the interior, and push- 
ing his investigations wherever he thought 
good locations for trade could be found. 
He explored the Fox river to its source, 
and the Wisconsin from the rapids to the 
Mississippi. In 1821-22 he was sut- 
ler for U. S. troops at Fort Snelling, on 
the St. Peter's river, Minnesota; estab- 
lished several trading posts on the Missis- 
sippi, where he supplied traders with 
goods, and had also a trading post at 
Sault Ste. Marie. During the winter of 
1822 he traveled on foot from Fort Snell- 
ing to Detroit, with only an Indian for a 
companion, to assist him with his pro- 
visions and bedding, which they drew on 
a hand sled. During this whole journey 
(about one thousand miles) he met but 
one white man, and saw but two cabins. 
An incident occurred on this trip which 
showed the perseverance and daring of 
the man. In crossing one of the numer- 
ous rivers en route, he found the ice bad. 
The Indian guide became afraid, but Mr. 
Whitney crossed over, drawing the sled 
and load with him. The Indian would 
not follow, whereupon Mr. Whitney re- 
crossed, and in so doing broke through 
the ice (which was thin, the water deep 
and the current strong) with one foot. 
He provided himself with a rope from the 
sled and a cudgel, and compelling the In- 
dian to lie down upon the ice, with the 
rope drew him over in safety, In the fall 
of 1824 he had a vessel, loaded with 
goods and provisions for Green Bay, frozen 
in near Mackinac. Such an accident in 
those times threatened serious conse- 
quences to the settlements, and, although 
starvation was impossible when fish and 
venison were plenty, yet many would suf- 
fer inconvenience, and Mr. Whitney a 
great loss, unless the supplies could be 
reached. As soon, therefore, as cold 
weather had insured a bridge of ice, along 
the shore, and across the rivers and bays, he 
fitted out an expedition consisting of him- 

self and several French-Canadians, with 
horse-trains, made the trip to Mackinac 
on the ice, where the vessel was, and re- 
turned with all he could of the most 
necessary goods. In order to carry on 
his extensive operations, he went several 
times to Canada, and procured large num- 
bers of " voyageurs," men used to voy- 
aging and the trader's life. W^ith those as 
companions and assistants, he traversed 
the country on foot, in the bark canoe 
and in the Mackinac boat, exploring new 
sections of country, and transporting goods 
to his trading houses. Many of these 
men are still in the county, and are num- 
bered among the most substantial farmers. 
From these early times, until the light of 
civilization shone across the country, un- 
til settlements were formed, and roads 
opened from the lake shore to the in- 
terior, and until the improvement of the 
Fox river had so far progressed as to ad- 
mit of partial steamboat navigation, Mr. 
Whitney was largely engaged in the trans- 
portation business. For many years all 
the supplies for Forts Winnebago and 
Crawford and the upper Mississippi, for 
troops, Indian treaties, etc., were con- 
veyed in boats from Green Baj' by the 
Fox and Wisconsin rivers; and few per- 
sons, not familiar with those times, can 
form any idea of the immense labor and 
cost involved. 

Between 1825 and 1830 Mr. Whitney 
explored the upper Wisconsin, built mills 
at Plover Portage, and for more than 
fifteen years was engaged in the business 
of manufacturing lumber, and running it 
down the Wisconsin and Mississippi rivers 
to the St. Louis market. This was the 
first lumbering establishment erected on 
the Wisconsin river, and probably the 
first on any tributary of the Mississippi. 
During the same period he also built a 
shot-tower at Helena, on the Wisconsin 
river, and inaugurated an extensive busi- 
ness at that point. From the time the 
Stockbridge Indians came into the State 
to commence their new homes, in 1827 
or 1828, until their removal to their 


present location in Shawano county, he 
kept a supply store among them, trans- 
acting also their business for them; and 
during the whole time, about thirteen 
years, as a strictly honest man and a fair 
and liberal dealer, he possessed their 
entire confidence; and down to the time 
of his death these Indians looked up to 
him as their father and friend. He also 
supplied goods to Indian agencies, as will 
be seen by the following letter, written 
over sixty years ago: 

Indian Agency, 
Green Bay, July 21, '32. 
To Daniel Whitney: 

Dear Sir. — With the arms purchased from 
Messrs. Kircheval & Hamilton, tog-ether with 
your own, you will please to include some to be 
had from Messrs. Law, Porlier & Grignon, in 
order that the whole number may be included 
in the one draft to be drawn on ac. of 
army. These arms I should be glad to have 
sent to the Agency in the course of the day, or 
early on Monday morning. 

(Sig-ned) G. Boyd, U. S. Indian Agt. 

In 1 83 1 he abandoned his residence 
near Camp Smith, and moved his family 
and store to Navarino (now Green Bay), 
near the mouth of the river, where he 
passed the rest of his days. From his 
earliest acquaintance with the locality 
and surroundings of Green Bay, he enter- 
tained the most unbounded confidence in 
its capabilities and fitness to become the 
most important connnercial town in the 
State, and. acting upon this faith, he as 
early as possible secured the land where 
the city now stands, and in 1828 or 1829 
laid out the town of Navarino, since 
incorporated as Green Bay, and com- 
menced building a city. In 1830 he had 
completed a wharf and spacious ware- 
house, a portion of the "Washington 
House," a school house, and some dwell- 
ing houses for his mechanics and labor- 
ers. From 1830 to 1840 he continued to 
build, and as fast as materials could be 
obtained erected eight or ten stores and 
a large number of dwelling houses to rent; 
in the meantime giving away a consider- 
able number of lots to mechanics and 
others who were desirous of building 

homes for themselves. He also con- 
tributed very largely toward the comple- 
tion of the Episcopal church edifice — the 
first Protestant house of worship built in 
either the city or the State. This church 
edifice was always a special object of 
interest to him, and from its completion 
in 1838 until cares ended with him on earth 
he never ceased to watch about it, and 
many a dollar has he expended in repairs, 
from time to time, which no one but him- 
self ever noted or recorded, and for which 
the congregation can never cease to owe 
him a grateful remembrance. The fol- 
lowing is copied from a sketch of ' ' Pioneer 
Life in Wisconsin," written by Henry 
Merrill for the benefit of the State His- 
torical Society: 

At Shanteetown I met Rev. Mr. Cadle. who 
had charge of the Episcopal Mission, delight- 
fully situated on a hill back from the river in a 
beautiful grove: and Alexander Irwin and hi.s 
lady, and Samuel, his brother, who were en- 
gaged in merchandise here : Win. Dickinson 
and others. Having letters of introduction to 
Mr. Daniel Whitney, I became well acquainted 
with him, and have considered him one of the 
most enterprising men of the West. At this 
time he was doing an e.xtensive business in 
merchandise, reaching on to the Wisconsin 
river, where he had built the first sawmill upon 
the river at Point Pass, some seventy miles 
above the Portage, one on the Wisconsin and 
one on the Fox, a shot-tower at Helena, and 
e.xtending his business on to the Mississippi to 
Galena and St. Louis. Three years before he 
persisted in building and laying off a town, 
what is now the town of Green Bay, although 
he was laughed at and called crazy. But the 
trouble was, in many of his operations he was 
ahead of the times, and some of them did not 
prove good investments, although Navarino 
did not prove one of them, for the town of 
Green Bay is now a large and flourishing city. 
I afterward met him often, and roamed over 
the country with him on liorseback. as all our 
traveling was accomplished in that way in 
those days, sometimes without road and some- 
times on Indian trails, fording streams, marsh- 
es, etc., etc., sometimes in the rain and some- 
times through the snow, taking the ground for 
our body with our saddles for pillows, carrying- 
provisions and blankets with us. I always 
found him aclieerful companion and an estima- 
ble man. He gave me at one time an account, 
the minutes of wliich I took down, of a journey 
of his from Fort Snelling, on the St. Peter's, 
to Detroit. Mich., in 1821, on foot in the midst 
of winter, as follows: ncccnil>er •>. 1«21. he 
started in a canoe with two men, the ice run- 
ning thick in the river. His aopiaintances 



tried hard to persuade him to defer starting 
until the river closed; but no, business called 
him, and he must go. They soon found them- 
selves in a bad fix, for the ice blocked up under 
the canoe so as to raise it six feet above the 
water. After great exertion they got to shore, 
as he said, more pleased than he ever was in 
his life at getting on land again. They then 
started on foot, and g'ot only nine miles the 
first day and encamped. The next day started 
down the river bank, packing their food and 
blankets on their backs, each carrying a gun, 
the weather extremely cold and the snow six 
inches deep. They were five days in getting 
to Lake Pepin. In crossing the lake Mr. Whit- 
ney broke through; the lock of his gun catch- 
ing on the ice was the only thing that saved 
him. The weather was so cold some of the 
time that they had to stop and build fires to 
warm themselves to keep from freezing. 
Thirty miles above Prairie du Chien they got 
out of provisions, but seeing a smoke they made 
for it and found Augustin Grignon encamped, 
an acquaintance from Green Bay. He was on 
a trading voyage among the Indians ; he sup- 
plied them with provisions. In this way they 
passed through Prairie du Chien to Fort Win- 
nebago, and from thence to Green Bay, where 
thej' arrived in twent.v-oue days from Fort 
Snelling. After remaining a few days he took 
a guide and started on foot for Chicago, where 
he arrived in ten days, and from there to De- 
troit in ten days more, making his tramp in 
forty-one daj's from Fort Snelling, and said he 
could then make his forty miles a day, and 
easier than to ride on horseback. 

During the last fifteen years of Mr. 
Whitney's hfe he pursued no regular busi- 
ness, but devoted his whole time to the 
care of an immense landed estate. His 
early life in the wilderness, upon the 
rivers, and upon the bay, is full of in- 
cidents, interesting, as showing the intre- 
pidity of his character, and his indomitable 
perseverance, under the most discourag- 
ing difficulties. On one occasion while 
returning home from Grand Kaukauna 
with horse and train, on the ice, in the 
night, his horse broke through. Being 
alone, and finding himself unable to extri- 
cate the horse without aid, in order to 
keep the horse's head above water he tied 
it to the train, and then went three miles 
for assistance, rather than let his horse be 
drowned, as most men would have done. 
He returned with help, and saved the 
animal. Whenever there was danger in 
the path, he was always at the head of 
his party, and never required a man in 

his employ to go where he was afraid to 
lead. He was never a candidate for 
office and never served in one. Honest 
and upright in all his dealings, he always 
possessed the confidence of his employes 
and dependents, and all who had any 
business transactions with him. His heart 
was ever kind, and the poor, the unfortun- 
ate, and the afflicted, in his death lost a 
friend who never forgot them. Many was 
the time that such, in their greatest want, 
found the needed supply in the doorway, 
or at the kitchen corner at nightfall, or 
at daydawn, without ever knowing the 
hand that relieved them; and oft had the 
Christmas-tide brought with it happiness, 
when else no merry Christmas jubilee 
would have found its way around the fires 
where no Yule log was wont to burn, but 
for his ever benevolent and open hand. 
Such will remember him with affection, 
and it is feared look in vain for one to 
take his place. He died November 4, 
1862, in the house where he had resided 
almost thirty years, at the age of sixty- 
eight years, and by his will left his large 
and valuable estate entirely under the 
control of his widow, as sole executor. 
Calmly he awaited the approach of death, 
which he saw slowly but surely approach- 
ing for many weeks; and spoke of it as 
unconcernedly as if he was expecting a 
friend to accompany him on a pleasant 
journey. And thus quietly passed away 
Daniel Whitney. If he had faults, let us 
forget them, and remember only his many 
virtues, and the sweet savor of his good 
deeds. In his political associations he 
was a lifelong Whig. 

Our subject was married at Middle- 
bury, Vt., September i, 1826, to Miss 
Emmeline Henshaw, a native of that 
place, born July 21, 1803, daughter of 
Daniel and Sarah (Prentis) Henshaw, na- 
tives of Connecticut, he born in Middle- 
town, she in New London, both dying in 
Vermont. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. 
Whitney made their permanent home in 
Green Bay, where, October 25, 1890, she 
passed away. To them were born seven 



children, of whom the following is a brief 
record: (I) Daniel Henshaw, born in 
Shantytown, June 7, 1827, was married 
March 10, 1863, to Miss Rosena Bader, 
and settled in Stockbridge, Wis., but died 
in Menasha November 17, 1866; they had 
two children: Emmeline Stillman, born 
October 28, 1865, now residing in Green 
Bay, and Daniel, born January 27, 1867, 
now living in Philadelphia. (II) Joshua 
resides in Green Bay, and sketch of him 
immediatelj- follows this. (Ill) William 
Beaumont, born in Navarino (now Green 
Bay) April 4, 1832, the first male white 
child to see the light in that then village, 
resides in Philadelphia; was married first 
in Piqua, Ohio, November 21, 1854, to 
Miss Laura Margaret Clewell, who died 
May 4, 1884; to them were born children 
as follows: Mary C., November 4, 18155, 
died in Newport, Ky., August 28, 1857; 
Helen C., November 15, 1863, married 
to Francis Sedgwick Bangs, November 
9, 1888, and resides in New York; Mary 
Douglas, born October 29, 1865, married 
November 19, 1891, George M. Hender- 
son, and lives in Germantown, Penn. ; 
William Beaumont was married the sec- 
ond time at Chicago, November 23, 1888, 
to Miss Emma Graham Varian, by whom 
he has one child, Margaretta. born March 
13, 1892. (IV) Charles Richards, born 
September 27, 1837, died November 27, 

1 84 1. (V) John Prentis Kane, born No- 
vember 10, 1840, died October 30, 1841. 
(VI) Harriet Hay ward, born October 18, 

1842. is still living on the old homestead, 
in the house she was born in. (VII) 
Henry Clay, born April 12, 1847, died 
September 28, 1847. 

gentleman asked to define the secret 
(if success in life, from his own 
standpoint and experience, his reply 
would be, no doubt, that it is hard work, 
availingitself of fair opportunities. Always 
and everywhere he remembers that his 

business career has been a successful one, 
and that to himself, and all Wisconsin 
men of his caliber, is peculiarly applicable 
the well-worn maxim, that " nothing is so 
successful as success." 

Mr. Whitney was born in the city of 
Green Bay, Wis., in 1829, a son of Daniel 
and Emmeline S. (Henshaw) Whitney, 
a sketch of whom immediately precedes 
this. He received his education in Gam- 
bier, Ohio, whither he was taken when a 
four-year-old boy. On leaving school he 
went to the Middlebury (Vt.j College, 
where he studied five years, and then re- 
turned to Green Bay. He was engaged 
in the carrying trade on Fox river, and 
transported the first iron for the N. 
W. R. R. in this section, from Fond 
du Lac to Watertown. For some 
time in the iron industry, his interests 
therein took him much abroad, and for a 
time he was a resident of Hartford, Conn., 
where he had charge of the Connecticut 
Valley railroad. On his return to Green 
Bay he did not here remain long, as we 
next find him in Duluth, Minn., of which 
city he was a resident eight years, finally 
returning to Green Bay, where he has 
since continuously resided. 

On November 9, 1852, Mr. Whitney 
was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth 
Francos Irwin, a native of Brown county, 
Wis., daughter of Alexander A. and 
Frances P. (Smith) Irwin, and they have 
one child, Emmeline Henshaw, married 
to Walter A. Calhoun, of St. Louis, Mo., 
by whom she has a son named George 
Whitney. In his political preferences 
Mr. Whitney was originally an Old-line 
Whig, and since the organization of the 
party he has been a stanch Ropublican, 
at one time a member of the Know- 
Nothing party. In municipal matters he 
has been president of tht; council, and 
served as chief of the Fire Department. 
Socially he is a member of Washington 
Lodge, F. & A. M. A generous, liberal 
gentleman, the private life of Joshua 
Whitney is adorned with many beneficent 



representative self-made men , and 
well-known capitalists of Brown 
county, few if any have been the 
architects of their own fortune to a degree 
such as has been attained b\- the gentle- 
man whose name is here recorded. 

Mr. Denis is a native of Belgium, born 
February 8, 1841, the eldest in the family 
of Justice and Josephine Denis, also Bel- 
gians by birth. The father in his native 
land was a well-to-do farmer, in comfort- 
able circumstances, but being desirous of 
seeing something of the New \^^orld, and 
perhaps bettering himself and family, re- 
solved to emigrate hither to prospect for 
a new home in the Far West, if he could 
find a suitable one. Accordingly, in 
1855, finding himself possessed of suf- 
ficient means for the purpose without hav- 
ing to convert any of his real estate into 
cash, accompanied by his wife and son 
Emil, he set sail from the port of Ant- 
werp, and on arrival at New York the lit- 
tle family at once proceeded westward to 
Wisconsin, where in Green Bay town- 
ship. Brown county,, near the village of 
Robinsonville, Mr. Denis purchased a 
farm. Here they lived for some time, and 
liking the locality and finding the property 
a desirable one, Mr. Denis concluded to 
remain, sending instructions to Belgium 
to have his property there disposed of and 
the proceeds sent to him. Shortly after 
their settlement here another child was 
born in the family, a daughter, named 
Fanny, who is now li\ing in Wausau, 

But we must now return to our sub- 
ject, Gregorie, who had been left behind 
in Belgium in the care of friends. He 
received a fairly liberal education at the 
parish schools of his native place, and 
being of studious habits and an apt 
scholar made good progress with his 
books. The party he had been left in care 
of by his parents was by trade a 
baker, who, shortly after young Denis 
commenced to make his home with him, 
became financially involved, having all 

his possessions seized by the authorities 
for debt, thereby making the lad prac- 
tically homeless. For some time Gregorie 
debated within himself what to do, and 
even at his then early stage of life his in- 
domitable will power and other charac- 
teristics began to assert themselves. As 
the flint show its fire only when it is 
struck, so this sudden stroke of misfor- 
tune at once awakened into action the 
dormant spirit in the lad. His mind after 
some deliberation being made up, he con- 
cluded to return to the old home of his 
childhood, where he first saw the light, 
and which yet remained in the family, 
there to await the summons from his 
father to set out for the new home in 
America. The thought of having to leave 
the hallowed spot where in sunny days 
he sported in childish glee, and trod in 
boyish pride, was a bitter one indeed; 
and as he surveyed the well-known sur- 
roundings of the old home, one of the 
most beautiful in that part of the country, 
shaded as it was by lu.xuriant shrubbery 
and fragrant with the perfume wafted 
from a million beautiful Ifowers, he could 
scarce restrain the tears from coming to 
his eyes. For some time he remained 
around the sacred spot, but was far from 
contented, although, being naturally in- 
dustrious, he employed his time well at 
whatever of use he could find for his hand 
to do. After a time an uncle kindly 
offered him a home, which he accepted, 
and there he remained until sent for by 
his parents, during the winter of 1855-56 
attending school again, the last of his edu- 
cational training. In April following the 
summons came for his departure to 
America, and accordingly bidding a fond 
farewell to friends and old scenes so dear 
to him, he took passage at Antwerp on a 
sailing vessel for Quebec, Canada, which 
he reached after a voyage of thirty-five 
days. From there he at once came west- 
ward to Wisconsin, and had a happy 
meeting with his parents, his brother 
Emil and his little sister, Fanny, whom 
he had never yet seen. Here the lad 


worked industriously, assisting his father 
in clearing up the farm, and familiarizing 
himself with all the trials and vicissitudes 
incident to pioneer life. The country in 
Brown county was but sparsely settled at 
this time, and wild animals still roamed 
the forests, Indians being also numerous, 
though friendly. Our subject worked 
many a time for neighbors at one shilling 
per day, his father being able to earn no 
more than two shillings. The latter, who 
was an industrious, persevering man, 
without reproach and highly respected, 
died in 1867, his demise being, no doubt, 
hastened by hard work and exposure; his 
widow, who passed her declining years 
at the home of her son Gregorie, was 
called from earth in 1891, and they both 
sleep their last sleep in Bay Settlement 
cemetery. They were consistent mem- 
bers of the Catholic church. Emil, the 
other son, is now a farmer in Green Bay 

In 1 86 1 the subject of this sketch was 
united in marriage at Bay Settlement 
with Mrs. Mary Uepereaux {iicc- Gosya), 
widow of Joseph Depereaux, and he at 
once located at that place. She was pro- 
prietor of a small restaurant there, doing 
a thriving business with the traveling 
public; but the business did not af- 
ford support to both, and our subject 
had to take employment in Appleton as a 
common laborer on the Chicago & North 
Western railway then building. Here 
for three months he worked at meager 
wages under contractors who paid but 
little for their help, and many a sleepless 
night he had from the violent aching of 
his bones and muscles, the result of the 
previous day's hard labor. During these 
three months of toil he succeeded, by 
dint of the strictest economy, in saving 
$35.00, with which sum he returned to 
his wife in the Bay Settlement. She in 
the meantime had saved some $30.00, 
and their combined capital they invested 
in a stock of groceries. Business was 
opened up in the log house then standing, 
but finding their capital still insufficient, 

Mr. Denis proceeded to Green Bay where 
he purchased one hundred dollars' worth 
of groceries from Louis Day, who, how- 
ever being unacquainted with Mr. Denis, 
was indisposed to credit him. However, 
a Mr. DePew, who had confidence in 
the young man, and was disposed to be- 
friend him, offered himself as a surety to 
Mr. Day, and the goods were shipped on 
to the unpretentious store in Bay Settle- 
ment. Business continuing to increase, 
purchasers from a distance patronizing 
the store, which was beginning to enjoy 
a wide popularity, it became evident that 
both stock and premises would have to 
be enlarged. But, again, the lack of 
capital was the seemingly insurmountable 
obstacle, and the worthy business couple 
were not a little concerned about their 
future prospects. One day, however, 
two customers, who were at their counter 
refreshing themselves (for in addition to 
the store Mr. and Mrs. Denis also kept 
a sort of saloon) — Mr. Louis Van Dycke 
and a Mr. Croker, then cashier of the city 
bank, of Green Bay — got into conversa- 
tion with our subject, and on learning 
from him the circumstances just related, 
and having confidence in the young mer- 
chant, and in his ability to conduct a 
much more extensive business, voluntar- 
ily offered to give him letters of credit to 
certain wholesale merchants in Milwau- 
kee. Thus equipped Mr. Denis pro- 
ceeded to the "Cream City," and made 
purchases of dry goods, boots and 
shoes, hardware, tinware, etc., until he 
thought he had a sufficient stock, all 
selected with the same shrewdness and 
caution which have characterized all his 
dealings both before and since, and never 
thinking of taking any advantage of the 
unlimited confidence placed in him by his 
two friends. Great was his surprise and 
dismay when, on returning to his hotel, 
he found that his purchases summed up 
to about seven thousand five hundred 
dollars! The very thought of assum- 
ing so great an indebtedness with a 
capital of but a few dollars much per- 



turbed him, but after due reflection and 
revolving all the pros and cons in his 
mind, he concluded to allow the goods to 
be shipped, and trust to fortune and his 
own good business capacity for the re- 
sults. The freight on the goods itself 
was eighty-five dollars, a large sum for 
him to payout at onetime, and then there 
was the expense of enlarging the store- 
room. But undismayed now, he put his 
shoulder to the wheel, and adopting a 
strictly cash trade, he soon did a paying 
business, the magnitude of his stock alone 
bringing him hundreds of customers who 
came out of curiosity, but very few of 
whom left without purchasing something. 
His bills were met as they became due, 
business continued to expand, the stock 
was added to with fresh lines as enquiries 
for various articles demanded, and in 
course of time Mr. Denis found himself 
the leading merchant in Brown county. 
His home for a considerable time was in 
the rear of the store, but the rooms being 
required for business purposes, he in 1889 
erected what is probably the finest coun- 
try residence in the county, elegantly 
furnished throughout with all modern im- 

His mercantile business not affording 
sufficient opportunities for judicious in- 
vestments of his rapidly accumulating 
capital, Mr. Denis commenced a private 
banking and real-estate business. Here 
and there purchasing land, he at the 
present time owns, in Scott and Preble 
townships, between 400 and 500 acres, 
which, however, does not nearly repre- 
sent his possessions. In Green Bay he 
owns a residence on Pine street, a busi- 
ness block on Washington street, sixty- 
six feet frontage of desirable business 
property between Pine and Main streets, 
where it is his intention to erect a suit- 
able block. In all his investments and 
transactions his business acumen and 
sagacity have been particularly notice- 
able, and to these for the most part is his 
phenomenal success to be attributed. 

By his first marriage Mr. Denis had 

three children, viz. : Edward, who acts 
as private secretary, and has control of 
his father's immense business, taking 
charge of nearly all his transactions, a 
position for which he is well adapted, 
having received a good business educa- 
tion; Louis, who owns a prosperous 
butcher business in Milwaukee; and 
Joseph, in the employ of A. G. Spuhler 
& Co., of Green Bay. In 1869 the 
mother of these was called from earth, 
and was interred in the Bay Settlement 
cemetery. To her thorough business 
capacity, judgment and tact, much of her 
husband's earlier success was due, and in 
his after prosperity he never forgot the 
onward struggle she so faithfully shared 
with him. For his second and present 
wife he wedded Miss Annie Schurger, who 
was born August 6, 1845, on Lake Michi- 
gan, to Mr. and Mrs. Casper Schurger, 
while they were en route from Germany 
to Wisconsin. To this marriage there 
are five children, all living, as follows: 
Mary, Barbara, Annie, George (studying 
pharmacy at the North Western Ohio 
Normal School at Ada, Ohio), and Will- 

Politically our subject has been a life- 
long Republican, and was appointed by 
the Grant administration postmaster at 
Bay Settlement, an incumbency he filled 
with acknowledged ability, twenty-three 
years, his removal after that long period 
being due to political reasons only. He 
and his wife and family are all prominent 
members of the Catholic Church. The 
parents, deprived themselves of early 
educational advantages, believe in the 
thorough training of their children, who 
have all had excellent academical and 
other advantages. Mr. Denis has been 
remarkably and happily fortunate in his 
marriages. His worthy helpmeet possesses 
all the characteristics of a thorough busi- 
ness woman, and has been of invaluable 
assistance to him in his many and diverse 
interests. His success in life has well 
proven the truth of the adage: " Where 
there's a will there's a way," and his 



stronf^' determination, indomitable will 
and never-failing courage, have placed 
him in a position to be recognized as, 
without a peer, the heaviest taxpayer in 
Scott township. 

learned and pious pastor of St. 
Francis Roman Catholic Church, 
in the town of Holland, Brown 
county, is a native of Holland, born Au- 
gust 27, 1839. 

He is the youngest in the family of 
fourteen children born to the late Martin 
De Louw, who was by occupation a manu- 
facturer of cloth in Holland. One son, 
Andrew, is now a priest at Moergestel, 
Holhmd; another son, John, isconducting 
his father's old business, and one daugh- 
ter is a Sister of Mercy. One of the sons 
and one of the daughters married, but, as 
the son had no children, with this genera- 
tion the family name becomes e.xtinct. 
The father reached the advanced age of 
eighty-three, the mother dying when six- 
ty-three, and her motfier lived to the 
patriarchal age of ninety-three. 

When six j'ears old our subject com- 
menced attending the public school in the 
vicinity of his home, at the end of three 
years entering the French college there, 
from which he graduated with high honors 
after a four-years' curriculum, at which 
time he was not yet thirteen years old. 
He then for four or five years worked in 
his father's factory and was engaged in 
other business, but his inclinations lead- 
ing him more in the direction of the "Pie- 
rian spring," he resumed his studies, at- 
tending a gymnasium in Jumet, a French 
village in Belgium, and here took a classi- 
cal course preparatory to entering college 
at linghien, where he studied philosophy 
and theology, dogmatic and moral. Here 
he remained from 1859 till 1866, on June 
T), of the latter year, being consecrated to 
the priesth(jod at Bruges, and until 187 i he 
served as a missionar)' priest in various 
cities in Belgium and Holland. 

In the year last named, deciding to 
come to America, he proceeded to Liver- 
pool, England, and there took passage 
on the steamship, "City of Lisbon," 
which, after a somewhat tempestuous 
passage, the vessel on one occasion en- 
countering a great storm, landed at New 
York. Our subject's destination being 
Green Bay, Wis., whither he had been 
called by Bishop Melcher, he continued 
his westward journey via Chicago, arriv- 
ing in Green Bay November 16, 1871. 
His first charge in his new field of pas- 
toral duty was the mission at Wrights- 
town, in Brown county, which in course 
of a short time he organized as a parish, 
becoming its first pastor, an incumbency 
he held two years from January 12, 1872, 
at the same time establishing the mission 
at East Wrightstown and also attending 
the mission at Sniderville. In 1874 he 
was transferred to Robinsonville, same 
county, and after one year's labor in the 
vineyard there he attended occasionally 
five missions which were without priests, 
viz.: Dyckesville. Thierrij-Daams, Mar- 
chant, Little Sturgeon Bay and Delwich. 
Returning to Wrightstown in 1873 he re- 
sumed his charge there, remaining till 
1875, when he removed to Green Bay, 
having been given the pastorate of the 
Holland Church in that city. For three 
years he laljored here with unremitting 
zeal, and then, in 1878, was transferred 
to Little Chute, Outagamie county, hav- 
ing been given charge of St. John's Nipo- 
moc Church. Here, by his piety and 
assiduous attentions to the spiritual wel- 
fare of his Hock, he became much liked 
and beloved, but having been recalled by 
Bisho)) Krautbauer to his old Green Bay 
congregation he acceded to their request, 
and for three more years ministered there. 
On September i, 1S84, he came from 
Green Bay to his present charge, the 
Church of St. Francis, at Holland. In 
1 886 he was made dean of the Diocese 
by Bishop Katser, but this office after 
three years he resigned. In 1876 lie was 
appointed a member of tiie Bishop's 


council, one of four, since 1892 one of 
SIX, he being consulter for the Dutch ele- 
ment, for in the congregation three 
nationalities — Dutch, German and Irish 
— worship in perfect harmony. 

Since coming here Father De Louw 
has been the means of many improve- 
ments and additions being made in the 
church and parish, among which may be 
mentioned a winter chapel, besides re- 
pairing the main building, which was 
struck by lightning; a pipe organ costing 
thirteen hundred dollars, fully equipped 
with all modern improvements; and a 
new convent for the Sisters. St. Francis 
congregation, in early days known as ' ' St. 
Francis Bush," was organized by five 
Holland families, early settlers in Holland 
township, who gave forty acres of land, 
from the proceeds of the sale of which the 
original church building was erected, and 
on nine acres of this same land now stand 
the church, the rectory, schoolhouse and 
other buildings. Father De Louw's cler- 
ical jurisdiction is of no small extent, and 
he finds ample scope for his characteris- 
tic zeal and energy, while here, as in all 
his previous incumbencies, he has gained 
for himself an enviable popularity and 
the well-merited love and esteem of his 


Howard. It is always gratify- 
ing to true citizens of this Re- 
public to note the readiness of 
many men, born under foreign flags, to 
become loyal and patriotic supporters of 
the United States Government, when they 
adopt the country as their home. This 
can never be misconstrued as an act dis- 
playing lack of fidelity to their native 
land, for which they must ever hold the 
warmest affection, but it is evidence that 
they are men who recognize their duty 
as citizens in common with the native- 
born of the Republic, and do not hesitate 
to perform it. 

Malcolm Sellers was born October 
26, 1819, in Guysboro, in the county of 
the same name in Nova Scotia, removing 
to Prince Edward Island when twelve 
years old. That he was diligent in ac- 
quiring an education is plain from the 
fact that he began teaching at the age of 
fourteen, continuing two years. At six- 
teen he became a clerk in the mercantile 
establishment of McKeever & Walsh, 
shipbuilders, and six months later was 
placed at the head of the management of 
that branch of the firm's business, con- 
tinuing in that capacity for three years. 
His relations there were interrupted by a 
summons to the sick bed of his mother, so 
he settled his affairs and went home. She 
recovered, and the trustees of school affairs 
in his native place offered him a situation 
which he accepted and filled three years. 
At the end of that time he received a 
letter from the Lord Bishop, inquiring if 
he would go to Country Harbor and as- 
sume charge of a school and church at 
that point. He accepted the proposition, 
proceeded at once to the place, and re- 
ceived his credentials as catechist and lay 
reader from the Lord Bishop, and a general 
license as teacher and missionary, under 
the Colonial Church Society of London. 
He discharged the duties of this position 
for more than five years, and in the mean- 
time was married in Nova Scotia, in 1844, 
to Miss Isabella Archibald, daughter of 
Hon. Charles and Margaret Archibald, 
natives of Nova Scotia, and who resided 
there until their death. 

Desiring to find a wider field in which 
to exercise his abilities Mr. Sellers came 
to the United States in the spring of 1847, 
and after visiting a number of eastern 
cities concluded to push farther westward. 
He finally located at Beaver Dam, Dodge 
Co. , Wis. , where he engaged in the 
manufacture of mill products and con- 
ducted a mercantile establishment in con- 
nection. It was natural that he should 
take an interest in public affairs, and in 
the fall of 1849 he was persuaded by the 
Whigs in his locality to become a candi- 



date for the State Assembly. He was 
elected over four competitors, and entered 
the Lef,nslature in the session of 1850. 
In 1 852 he accepted a position with Bean, 
Clinton & Powers, at Waukesha, and six 
months later took charge of a primary 
class in Carroll College. Among his 
pupils was Sidney A. Bean, who after- 
ward became colonel of the Fourth Wis- 
consin Cavalry, and was killed in action. 
His brothers, Walter and Irving Bean, 
who were also gallant soldiers, were pupils 
of Mr. Sellers, as were James Proctor, of 
Milwaukef.; George Burchard, of Fort 
Atkinson, distinguished in the annals of 
Wisconsin, and Hon. Cushman C. Davis, 
aiterward senator from Minnesota. Upon 
the close of his service at the College, 
Mr. Sellers became agent for the Mil- 
waukee & Prairie du Chien railroad on the 
route from Milwaukee to Waukesha, and 
was one of the first in the State to hll 
such a position. In his anxiety to please 
he over-exerted himself, and was attacked 
with hemorrhage of the lungs. When 
once more able to transact business he 
established a general store at Waukesha, 
and bought wool in the interest of manu- 
facturers, becoming the heaviest dealer in 
that commodity in Wisconsin. Coming 
to the State before its admission to the 
Union, he has been identified with and a 
prominent factor in its growth and devel- 
opment, while his acquaintance with men 
in business and political circles has been 
extensive. " He has, "says a writer, "ever 
maintained an active interest in the re- 
ligious and moral advancement of society 
where he has resided, and has been espe- 
cially prominent in Church and temperance 
work. He holds conmiissions from the 
American Bible Society, the American 
Sunday-school Union and other evangeli- 
cal organizations in the United States. 
For more than a half century he has been 
a declared advocate of temperance, and 
was one of the founders of the Republi- 
can party in Wisconsin. He has been 
one of its most ardent and enthusiastic 
supporters from its inception, aiding by 

voice, money and ballot in its march of 

When the gauntlet of battle was 
thrown down in Charleston Harbor, in 
April, 1 86 1, Mr. Sellers, who was then in 
Madison serving as clerk of the Judiciary 
Committee, was one of the first to offer his 
services to Governor Randall. The lat- 
ter, knowing his weak phjsical condition, 
said to him, " Malcolm, you would not 
live a month in the service; jou are not 
fit for war, but stay at home and do what 
you can and I will give you any position 
you ask in the State." Under this 
arrangement he was assigned to the 
quartermaster's department, with head- 
quarters at Madison, and later was trans- 
ferred to the commissary department. 
Upon the call for additional troops he 
went to Waukesha and neighboring coun- 
ties to recruit soldiers, spending a year in 
such service at his personal expense. If 
unable to demonstrate his unswerving 
patriotism on the field of carnage, he per- 
formed such services at home as stamped 
him with the undoubted seal of loyalty, 
and won the gratitude of those who were 
cognizant of his labors. In 1869 he re- 
moved from Waukesha to Fort Howard, at 
the instance of Hon. E. D. Clinton, to as- 
sist in the construction of the railroad from 
the latter place, by way o{ Shawano, to 
the Mississippi river. Through a re-ar- 
rangement of plans both his connection 
and that of Mr. Clinton with the enter- 
prise ceased, and in the years following, 
until 1874, he was engaged in lumbering 
and mercantile interests. His active busi- 
ness life i>ractically ceased in the latter 
year, and he subsequently took up the 
work of assisting old soUliers to obtain 
pensions. In this line he became partic- 
ularly successful, and many a veteran has 
had reason to rejoice in the fruit of his 
labors. He has added insurance to his 
pension work with marked success. He 
has been a notary public as long as Wis- 
consin has been a State, and is at present 
serving a third term as justice of the 
peace at Fort Howard. He also cond nets 



a livery business, in which he is assisted 
by his son, Malcolm, who was previously 
for some time in the railway mail service. 
It was largely through Mr. Sellers' exer- 
tions and influence that Hon. T. O. Howe 
was the first time sent to the United 
States Senate. The following, taken from 
the Milwaukee Sentinel of November 4, 
1888, speaks for itself: 

Fort Ho\v.\kd, Now 2. 
To the Editor of The SentinH: 

On Wednesdaj- of this week I received a cir- 
cular from James Morg'an, the nominee of the 
Democratic party for g-overnor of this State, to 
which I sent the following reply: 

Fort Howard. Oct., 31, 188S, 
Dear Air;— Youi circular reached me this morning, and in 
reply would say. if 1 had ten thousand votes I would not give 
you one under your present nomination. A Scotchman receiv- 
ing a nomination from the modern Democratic party, which 
has sought by all means on earth and in hell to destroy our 
Nation, is too much for me. As a true Scot, I cannot compre- 
hend what you are after. 

Yours truly, M. Sellers. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Sellers 
have been six in number, but of these 
only two are living: Maggie I. and Mal- 
colm A. Charles A. enlisted early in the 
war in Company F, First Wisconsin Cav- 
alry, was wounded at Pulaski, Tenn., and 
sent to the hospital, and finally came 
home wrecked physically and with his 
constitution undermined by disease and 
wounds, causing him to fall a victim to 
chronic diarrhea and inflammatory rheu- 
matism. His death occurred February 
20, 1876. Florence Victoria died when 
but four years of age. Martha lived to 
the age of twenty and died in the dawn 
of beautiful womanhood, and Ida P. 
passed away at the age of nineteen years. 
On November lO, 1894, on the occasion 
of the " Golden Wedding " of Mr. and 
Mrs. Malcolm Sellers, friends to the num- 
ber of I 50 persons assembled at the Sell- 
ers residence in Fort Howard in the eve- 
ning, and presented Mr. Sellers with a 
handsome gold-headed cane, and Mrs. 
Sellers with a number of elegant and 
valuable presents. The guests were highly 
pleased, and declared that it was the 
pleasantest entertainment they ever at- 

Mr. Sellers, while not a native of the 

United States, is in every possible respect 
an American. His parents, Donald and 
Margaret (McKenzie) Sellers, were re- 
spectively of Highland and Lowland 
Scotch ancestry, his father coming to the 
American colonies previous to the war of 
the Revolution. In that struggle for lib- 
erty and independence he espoused the 
cause of his adopted country, enlisted in 
her army and served until the battle of 
Charleston, S. C, where he received a 
British bullet in his thigh and was sent to 
the hospital. He finally reached home, 
and after the war removed to Nova 
Scotia, where he married and located on 
a farm. " He reared ten children and died 
on his estate in 1848, in his ninety-ninth 
year. He was a man of vigorous temper- 
ament, and two years before his death 
walked from his farm to Guysboro, and 
return, a distance of twenty miles. He 
had no son who could perform such 
a feat. The ball he received in the 
battle of Charleston moved down to 
a position below his knee, and was 
in his body when he was buried." 
The son of such a sire could not help 
being imbued with an intense love for that 
country for which his father fought and 
bled, and the record of the family in the 
service of the Nation is a proud one. In 
such men lies the hope of the Republic. 
May they multiply withi-n her borders. 

State Senator from the Second 
Senatorial District of Wisconsin, 
comprising the counties of Brown 
and Outagamie, was born August 26, 1854, 
at Peel, Wellington county, Canada. His 
grandfather, Robert McGeehan, a native 
of Scotland, was married in County Down, 
Ireland, to Margaret Morgan, and in 1818 
migrated with his wife and family to 
Guelph, Canada. 

John J. McGeehan, son of Robert, was 
but five years of age when the family 
reached Canada, where he was reared a 
farmer, and where he married Mary Ann 



Driscoll, who was born in Canada. In 1 870 
John J. and his family came to Wiscon- 
sin, and on March i of that year located at 
Wrightstown, where he purchased a farm. 
His son, Robert J., the subject proper 
of this sketch, was also reared to farming, 
which he followed, in conjunction with 
sawmilling, until 1878, when he estab- 
lished the agricultural implement business 
at De Pere, which he is still most success- 
fully conducting, handling large numbers 
of wagons, buggies, carriages, etc. In 
early life he became an adherent of the 
Democratic party, and at once became 
most enthusiastic in its support. Although 
still a comparatively young man, he was 
recognized as being possessed of ability, 
and as a hard worker, and was soon 
elected by his neighbors to serve in many 
local offices of honor and trust. During 
the years 1884-85, he sefved as alderman 
of De Pere, and from 1887 to 1890 as 
member of the Brown county board of 
supervisors; he has also served for five 
years as a member of the board of trus- 
tees of the County Asylum for the Chronic 
Insane, and is now president of the Brown 
County Agricultural and Mechanical As- 
sociation, an office to which he has been 
elected for a term of three years. In 1889, 
while serving as supervisor, he was elected 
a member of the Wisconsin State Assem- 
bly for the Second District, and re-elected 
in 1890; in 1892 he was elected to the 
State Senate, which office he continues 
to fill to the entire satisfaction of his con- 
stituents. He never tires in his devotion 
to the interests of his fellow citizens or of 
his party: has acted as chairman of the 
Brown county Democratic committee; is 
also a member of the Democratic State 
Central committee, elected September 6, 
1894, and on se\eral occasions has served 
as delegate to Democratic State and 
Congressional conventions. He is prob- 
ably as well and as favorably known as 
any public man in his portion of the State, 
and socially and fraternally stands very 
high, being now president of the Society 
of Catholic Knights, Branch No. 46, of 

De Pere, member of the Order of the 
Catholic Knights of America, and also of 
the Business Men's Association of De- 

Mr. McGeehan was most happily 
married, October 3, 1882, to Miss Bridget 
E. Hines, who was born September 10, 
i860, at Kaukauna, Wis., and si.x chil- 
dren were the result of this union, viz. : 
Myra C. , who died in infancy; Grover 
Thomas, born December 8, 1884; Elmer 
James, born May 12, 1S86; Mary Eliza- 
beth, born May 11, 1888; Margaret 
Catharine, born April 17, 1890, and Ellen 
Earen, born Octof)er 10, 1894. Mr. Mc- 
Geehan owes his success entirely to his 
own unaided efforts, having, since he was 
eleven years of age, fought the battle of 
life with Nature's weapons only — intel- 
ligence and determination. 

JOHN C. NEVILLE, senior member 
of the well-known law firm of John 
C. and A. C. Neville, Green Bay, is, 
probably, the oldest legal practi- 
tioner in this part of Wisconsin, having 
come to Green Ba\- nearly forty years 
ago, when the now bustling city was in 
its infancy. 

He is a native of Dublin, Ireland, born 
July 27, 181 5, and was there reared and 
educated, remaining at the parental home 
until he was twenty-one years old, at 
which time, in 1836 or 1837, he emi- 
grated to this country, landing in New 
York. From there he moved to Potts- 
ville, Penn., and in 1840 commenced the 
study of law in the office of Francis W. 
Hughes (who, later, became attorney- 
general of Pennsylvania), and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of that State in July, 
1842. Immediately thereafter he com- 
menced the practice of his chosen profes- 
sion at Pottsville, practicing in all the 
Pennsylvania courts, and remaineil in 
that city until coming to Green Bay. De- 
cember 27, 1856, where he has since had 
his home, and built np one of the most 
lucrative clientages in northern Wiscon- 



sin, in 1869 forming a partnership with 
J. J. Tracy, later, in 1874, receiving his 
son Arthur C. into the firm. In 1875, 
Mr. Tracy withdrew, and the firm has 
since been known by the above title. 

On April 11, 1843, Mr. Neville was 
married at Pottsville, Penn., to Miss 
Catherine D. Lawton, a daughter of 
Charles Lawton, all natives of New York 
city, whence they moved to Pottsville, 
where Mr. Lawton was engaged in the 
coal business, and where he and his wife 
passed the rest of their days. To this 
union were born in Pottsvile, six children, 
only two of whom are now living: Arthur 
C. , who was six years old when the 
family came to Green Bay, read law with 
Neville & Tracy, and is now a member of 
the firm, as already related (he was mar- 
ried in iSSij; and Sophia R., at home. 
The mother, Mrs. Neville, died in 1876. 
In his political predilections Mr. Neville 
has been a Democrat since qualifying to 
vote, and has been honored by his party 
with election to various positions of trust. 
For several years he was district attorney; 
was city attorney in 1862, and in 1880 
served as mayor of the city, at which 
time Gen. U. S. Grant visited Green Bay, 
and was escorted through the city by our 
subject. In 1859 he was elected repre- 
sentative to the State Legislature, taking 
his seat in i860, but at the expiration of 
his term of service he declined renomina- 
tion. Socially, Mr. Neville is a member 
of the 1. O. O. F. , in 1844 was admitted 
to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and 
since 1856 has been deputy grand master; 
he is also a member of the Daughters of 
Rebekah. In religious faith he is promi- 
nently indentified with the Episcopal 
Church, and he enjoys the respect and 
esteem of a wide circle of warm friends. 

GEORGE B. HESS, senior mem- 
ber of the Geo. B. Hess Milling 
Company, of Green Bay, Wis., is 
a native of Ohio, born in Carroll 
county in 185 i. 

John D. Hess, father of our subject, 
was a native of Maryland, a miller by 
trade, carrying on a milling business in 
Uhrichsville, Ohio. He married Cath- 
erine A. Simmons, a lady of Connecticut 
birth, who died in 1886, he himself pass- 
ing away in 1889. They were the parents 
of eight children. 

The subject of these lines received his 
education in the schools of his native 
place, and learned his trade in his father's 
mill and under his tuition. In 1874 he 
came to Wisconsin, and was engaged in 
the milling business for a number of years 
in company with Thos. Smith, of Green 
Bay, Wis. In 1893 he, in company with 
Dr. H. A. Wolter and C. Massey, erected 
the "Star Flouring Mills," corner of 
Quincy and Cedar streets in the city of 
Green Bay, which has a daily capacity of 
two hundred barrels of flour and ten tons 
of feed. The institution has been incor- 
porated, and is doing a fine business. 
Politically Mr. Hess is a Republican; 
socially he is a member of the I. O. O. F., 
Green Bay Lodge No. 19. 

raphy is history of the purest 
type, and to possess a history 
is that which distinguishes man 
from the lower creatures around him. 
They present the same appearance from 
age to age, unchanging in their instincts 
and habits, except in so far as they have 
been modified through contact with man; 
and, therefore, the history of one gener- 
ation of irrational animals is the history 
of every other. But in the human race 
there is progressive change, which it is 
the part of history to both record and 
accelerate, and the duty of the living to 
perpetuate in biographical form for the 
benefit of coming generations. In this 
connection it is a pleasure to here pre- 
sent a brief review of the life of the gen- 
tleman whose name is here recorded. 

Mr. Finnegan was born November 22, 
1836, in the city of Philadelphia, Penn., 







in what was then called Mojamensing, 
on Bedford street (now known as Kates 
street), three doors east of Broad street, 
a son of Henry and Nancj" (Smith) Finne- 
gan. The parents were of Scotch-Irish 
origin, the father born in County Tjrone, 
a son of Henr}' Finnegan, and the mother 
in Cnldaff, near the most northern point 
of Ireland, both coming to this country 
when quite young, marrying, in 1827, in 
Philadelphia, where they had located. 

The father of our subject was reared 
to farming pursuits in the old country, 
and after coining to Philadelphia he kept 
teams working in brickyards, besides do- 
ing teaming for the corporation and for 
Stephen Girard, who gave him an old gig 
he used to ride in himself, which the 
recipient kept for a long time. In those 
days cows, hogs and goats were "free 
commoners" in the southern part of 
Philadelphia; that is, they were allowed 
to run at large; and in this connection it 
is known that Mr. and Mrs. Finnegan 
kept cows, whose milk they sold, and also 
iiogs which they fed on swill gathered 
from place to place in the city and ccjn- 
\eyed in carts made with water-tight 
boxes; the cows were allowed to run on 
the connnons lying west of Broad street 
and south of South street. Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry Finnegan accummulated consider- 
able property in small three-story houses — 
some ten or twelve in number — which 
they rented, and in 1843 he bought forty 
acres of land twelve miles west of the 
city, in Marple township, Delaware county, 
whither he moved .April 4, 1S44, and here, 
August I, 1S46, his faithful wife, at the 
early age of thirt)-four years, died of 
dro|)sy brought on by hard work. She 
was the mother of three sons and two 
daughters, the latter of whom both died 
in infancy, and were buried in the Randle- 
son burying ground, Philadelphia, which 
at the present time is in the heart of the 
city. Of the three sons, John and Henry 
are living in Jones county, I«>wa, anil 
William is tho subject of this sketch. 
Some time after the death of the 

mother of these Mr. Finnegan mar- 
ried a much younger woman than 
himself, in the person of Charlotte Pat- 
ton, which event broke up the family, 
the two elder sons not living at home 
much afterward. After residing on the 
farm in Marple township the family re- 
turned to the city. In 1 860 the father 
moved to Iowa, where, in Jones county, 
he had previously bought a partly im- 
proved farm of 320 acres, from which he 
eventually retired to Fairview, where he 
passed the rest of his da\s in retirement, 
dying at the age of cight}-five j-ears. 

Until the fall of 1857 our sub- 
ject worked in the brick\'ards at Phila- 
delphia, and in the following spring, ac- 
companied by his brother Henry, he set 
out for the then "Far West," arriving at 
Muscatine, Iowa, April i, 1858. Times 
being then particularly "hard," no work 
being obtainable at any price, they stayed 
around Muscatine until their money was 
all gone and William's trunk held at 
Stein's Hotel for $6.00, the lialance he 
owed for board. Finding no work on 
land, they shipped on board a steamboat 
bound for St. Louis, Mo., in the capacity 
of roustabouts, and now in earnest com- 
menced their hardships. Arrived at St. 
Louis, they looked in vain for work until 
their hard-earned money was all gone 
again, so once more they shipped as deck 
hands, this time on a Missouri river 
packet bound for Leavenworth city, they 
intending to hire themselves out there to 
the government as o.\-drivers across the 
Plains, as United States troops were on 
the eve of setting out for Utah Territorj- 
for the purpose of operating against the 
Mormons. When our young adventurers 
reached the fort f Leavenworth 1 they found 
to their disgust and disappointment that 
for every vacancy there were not less 
than fifty applicants already on the 
ground, so there was nothing for it but to 
return to St. Louis by the .same boat that 
brotigiU them up, working on her as deck 
hands. While on the down trip the 
cylinder head of one side of the engine 

8:-'"' V8 


blew out, so that the vessel had to make 
the rest of the trip to St. Louis with one 
wheel; and when she did arrive it was 
found there were no funds to pay the 
crew with, and as the brothers had not a 
cent wherewith to pay for board while 
waiting for a settlement with the steam- 
boat people, they concluded to sell their 
claims, which they did to a lawyer, each 
getting about eight dollars, by which time, 
as Mr. Finnegan himself sagely remarks, 
he was "beginning to find out the value 
of money," and in all probability these 
hard knocks were the "open sesame" to 
his future wonderful career of success. 
At this point things were getting des- 
perate, and something had to be done, at 
once. Henry still had his trunk, Will- 
iam's was where he left it at the hotel in 
Muscatine; so the two agreed that Henry 
should pay his passage to Muscatine, and 
that William should try to make his way 
thither without paying. On arrival at 
Keokuk, however, he was put ashore, but 
just then another boat was leaving "for 
somewhere," which our subject immedi- 
ately boarded, not knowing at the time 
whether she was going up or down the 
river. On the boat were several rafts- 
men on their way to Prairie du Chien, 
Wis. , and he cleverly succeeded in get- 
ting "mixed up" with them, the result 
being that he finally, without let or hin- 
drance, reached Muscatine (for fortu- 
nately the vessel was going in that direc- 
tion) before his brother did. Here they 
found it necessary to live as economically 
as possible, and finding a family in the 
outskirts of the town who allowed them 
the use of their cooking-stove, they fur- 
nished their own victuals and slept wher- 
ever they could. Learning that there 
was some wood-chopping to be done at 
Fredonia, on the Iowa river, west of Mus- 
catine, they proceeded thither, and found 
that employers were paying thirty cents a 
cord for cutting big knotty black jack oak, 
while board, consisting of salt pork, corn 
bread, black molasses and r3'e coffee, was 
$2.00 per week. Here our subject worked 

for two weeks, in that time not earning 
enough to pay his board, for being brought 
up in a large city he knew very little 
about chopping, and his hands would 
continually blister. In the meantime his 
brother had returned to Muscatine, in- 
tending to be gone about one week, but 
William did not see him again for three 
months. Giving the " board boss" what 
wood he had cut, his axe and iron wedge, 
in payment for his board, our subject set 
out for Iowa City on foot, and now, alas! 
to use his own words, "became a genuine 
tramp, out of money, begging my food as 
I journeyed onward by day, and sleeping 
under the canopy of some straw or hay 
stack at night." All his clothes, except 
what he was wearing, were in his trunk 
at Muscatine, so he had no change of 
clothing whatever. After wandering 
through Iowa for more than a month Mr. 
Finnegan returned to Muscatine, and 
securing employment on a farm at five 
dollars per month, worked one month, 
after which he set out for Illinois for the 
purpose of hunting up his brother Henry, 
and falling in with James Vanatta, the 
latter took him to his home. Mr. Van- 
atta is now living at Buffalo Prairie, Rock 
Island Co., 111., at the age of seventy- 
one years, and Mr. Finnegan has kept up 
a corre.spondence with him ever since 
they parted, some thirty or forty years ago. 
At Buffalo Prairie our subject found 
three months' work on a farm, for which 
he was to receive six dollars per month; 
but being unable to get cash he had to 
be content to accept three steers in lieu 
thereof. These he drove to Muscatine to 
sell, but all he could get for them was 
nine dollars cash for the three, six dollars 
of which he applied toward getting his 
trunk released from "Stein's Hotel." 
That winter he worked for James Vanatta 
for his board, and during the sunnner of 
1859 he worked land on shares, getting 
one-third of the crop for his labor. The 
wheat yield, however, was a failure, and 
corn was only half a crop. Mr. Finnegan 
traded his share of the corn crop for a 


young mare which he took with him to 
Iowa, to the farm his father had bought; 
but two days after reaching this farm, the 
mare strayed away, and he never saw her 
again. On his father's farm he worked 
from December 25, 1859, till August 7, 
1862, when he enlisted in Company F, 
Twenty-fourth Iowa V. I., under 
Capt. Dimmit. He served through- 
out the entire struggle, being mustered 
out July 17, 1865. He took an active 
part in all the marches, skirmishes and 
engagements of his regiment, but was 
once taken prisoner in Louisiana, and 
held from November 15, 1863, until 
December 25, following, when he was 
e.xchanged. At Milliken's Bend, in the 
same tState, he was once confined to 
hospital through sickness for several 
w'eeks, but with these exceptions he was 
on constant duty. 

After his return from the war Mr. 
Finnegan again worked on his father's 
farm for a time, but his stepmother's 
manner toward him becoming so unbear- 
able, he concluded to try his luck farther 
west. Consequently, on March 10, 1867, 
he left home with a light wagon and span 
of horses, with which he traveled across 
Iowa, arriving April 10 following at Lin- 
coln, Neb., which now prosperous city 
was said at the time to contain but 300 
inhabitants. Times were good there, 
work plentiful and wages high, and until 
the fall of that year Mr. Finnegan 
freighted lumber from the Missouri river 
to Lincoln; also hauled from Beatrice 
some of the stone that was used in the 
building of the capitol. In that fall 
(1867) he took up a pre-emption claim 
twelve miles north of the city (Lincoln), 
built a "dug-out," and lived therein 
throughout the winter, during the follow- 
ing spring breaking prairie and hauling 
stone for the State University then build- 
ing at Lincoln. In the fall of 186S he 
proved uj) his claim and homestcaded 
eighty acres adjoining, making in all 240 
acres, and during the following two years 
he was occupied in farnnnj; and teaming. 

In the spring of 1870, in company with 
L. K. Holmes, an uncle of his wife, he 
started a brickyard, made brick two 
years, at the end of which time he sold 
out his interest in the business to his 
partner, his farm to other parties, and 
with his wife started for Wisconsin, arriv- 
ing in the town of Howard December 1 7, 
1872. In the spring of 1873 he com- 
menced operating a small brickyard on 
land owned by A. G. E. Holmes, molding 
the brick himself by hand and making an 
average of 8,000 for a day's work, con- 
ducting the yard entirely by hand for 
some seven years, or until August, 1880, 
when he put in small steam-power, which, 
in 1882, he supplanted with large power 
machinery. At the same time he built a 
modern brickyard, known as "Yard No. 
I," which is located on the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul and Green Bay, 
Winona & St. Paul railroads, also on 
Duck creek, a navigable stream for light- 
draft boats. In 1890 he built "Yard 
No. 2," on the same stream, one mile 
below "Yard No. i," with a track from 
the Chicago & Northwestern railroad to 
the yard, a distance of three-quarters of 
a mile. In 1891 he purchased 124 acres 
of land in the city of Fort Howard, and 
following year built on this land "Yard 
No. 3," which has a capacity of 60,000 
bricks per day. The total capacity of 
the three yards, when running full time, 
is from twelve million to fifteen million 
bricks per annum. 

On June 16, 1872, at Trinity Episco- 
pal Church, Lincoln, Neb., Mr. Finnegan 
was most happily married to Miss Ella S. 
Oatle}', who was born in Oneida county. 
N. Y. , March 12, 1851, daughter of 
Albert B. and Lavantia (Holmes) Oatley, 
also natives of Oneida county, who came 
to Wisconsin in 1857, settling in Suamico 
township, Brown county, where they 
lived for twelve years, and now reside in 
the town of Howard. To this union were 
born five children, as follows: Holmes 
Adelbert. William, Jr., Ella Kuth, Edith 
Ma\', and Anna Loona. the eldest of 


whom died at the age of nine years, the 
youngest when one 3'e3r and nine months 
old. Mrs. Finnegan is a prominent 
member of the Episcopal Church, with 
which she united herself at the age of 
fourteen years, and is known far and 
wide as a good Christian lady, given to 
works of benevolence wherever her femi- 
nine sympathy can reach. Mr. Finnegan 
in politics is a sound Republican, and his 
first vote was cast for Alsraham Lincoln. 
He is remarkable for his quiet, unobtru- 
sive manner, in all his acts proving 
himself the very beau ideal of a good, 
loyal and useful citizen. In local affairs 
he takes a deep interest, and although he 
has filled several minor offices in his town- 
ship he has never been an office-seeker. 
Besides being an expert in the manufac- 
ture of brick, he is equally skillful as an 
agriculturist, and his tract of 250 acres is 
a model of neatness and comfort, giving 
€very evidence of intelligent and system- 
atic management. His talents as a business 
man have made him a prominent figure 
in the business world, and have given 
him a solid standing as a substantial citi- 
zen, which his continuous transactions 
since 1873, without the slightest in- 
fringement of his word or infringement of 
his integrity, fully entitle him to. 

PHILIPP KLAUS (deceased). Men 
there have been, unversed in 
classics or science, without art, 
without eloquence, who yet had 
the wisdom to devise and the courage to 
perform that which they lacked language 
to explain. Such men have worked the 
deliverance of nations and their own 
greatness. Their hearts are their books; 
events are their tutors ; gi-eat actions are 
their eloquence, and in this category 
stand surely men of such a stamp as is 
the subject of this sketch. 

In the pretty little village of Bruttig, 
"on the Banks of the Blue Moselle," in 
Rhein Prussia, Germany, was born, July 

20, 1832, Philipp Klaus, of whom this 
sketch relates, and he there received his 
education, less a knowledge of the En- 
glish language. At the age of seventeen 
he left the Fatherland, in company with 
his father and four brothers, to seek a 
new home in the Western World, and on 
November 11, 1849, landed in the then 
young town of Green Bay, Wis. , thus be- 
coming, in fact, one of its German pio- 
neers. He quickly Americanized him- 
self, made rapid progress in the English 
language, and in course of time became 
one of the most active and energetic, as 
well as influential, business men of the 

His ancestors, as the name indicates, 
were Germans, and the village of Bruttig 
has known the family for many years. 
Here Grandfather Stephen Klaus was 
born, married, and at an advanced age 
died, leaving a good name as an heritage 
to his posterity — a name that has been 
honored and kept unsullied ever since. 
His son, Jacob, father of Philipp, also 
born there, was taught the trade of shoe- 
maker, and became a good workman. 
He was married in Bruttig to a young 
German woman, who bore him five chil- 
dren, all sons, and died at the birth of 
our subject. The names of the children 
are John, Joseph, Charles, Anton and 
Philipp, of whom only Anton survives. 

Philipp Klaus was reared bj'his broth- 
ers, whose devotion for him, and their 
almost motherly care, often excited the 
admiration of the neighbors and others 
who knew the family. The boys also 
kept house, and did their domestic work 
well, while all of them learned to cook. 
When the eldest entered the German 
army, the next eldest took his place, and 
so on in rotation till it came to Philipp's 
turn, when, in 1848, the father concluded 
to leave the Fatherland, and bring his 
five stalwart sons to America. On land- 
ing in New York they at once proceeded 
by boat on the Hudson river to Albany, 
thence traveled by cars to Buffalo, from 
which city they came by the steamer 



" Empire State " (at that time the finest 
boat on the lakes) to Milwaukee, Wis. 
Here they took passage on the old 
steamer " Lexington," which on a beauti- 
ful November morn, as the rising orb of 
day was tinting the heavens with ethereal 
hues, majestically entered the Fox river, 
and in due time safely landed the immi- 
grant family in Green Bay — the " ultima 
thule " of their long journey. 

During the first few years after his 
arrival in Green Bay our subject worked 
with his father at the shoemaking trade, 
and then betook himself to the pineries 
at Peshtigo, same State, where he re- 
mained until 1855, returning to Green 
Bay. At this time he and his brother 
Charles leased the "Green Bay House," 
a well-known hostelry in Green Bay, 
which they conducted till 1856. The 
same year Mr. Klaus built the old " Klaus 
Hall," which was afterward sold to the 
proprietors of the Green Bay Advocate, 
and he then erected the present "Klaus 
Hall." Here he opened a general store, 
in which he met with the most encour- 
aging success. From about 1874 till 
within a year or two ago he was chiefly 
engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business, and for the most part in the 
real-estate line managed the affairs of 
large outside corporations or interests, 
among which maj'be mentioned the great 
W'. L. Newberry (Chicago) estate, while 
in insurance matters he represented the 
Phcenix, Mutual Life, the Charter Oak 
and other companies. These insurance 
agencies came to Mr. Klaus totally un- 
solicited by him, at the time he was suf- 
fering from the financial depression 
following the panic of 1873, and he was 
thus enabled to resume his real-estate 
operations, which had been temporarily 
discontinued from the same cause. Hav- 
ing by patient, quiet industry and 
laborious diligence accumulated a hantl- 
some competence, Mr. Klaus for the last 
few years of his life resided in Green 
Bay, in the enjoyment of quiet retire- 
ment, with his faithful wife, still, how- 

ever, doing a little real-estate business, 
principally among friends and old ac- 
quaintances. For the last year or so of 
his life he was in poor health, and his 
death, on July 23, 1894, caused little sur- 
prise among his friends and acquaintances 
in Green Bay, where he will long be re- 
membered as a most worthy citizen. 

On Easter Monday, March 24, 1856, 
Mr. Ivlaus was united in marriage with 
Miss Elizabeth Basten, daughter of Franz 
Jacob and Maggie Concen Basten, and to 
this union were born five children, as fol- 
lows: Christine, wife of A. M. Grau, of 
Milwaukee; Anna, who died at the age of 
fifteen years; Barbara, wife of A. G. 
Netter; Elizabeth, and Henry P., now of 
Milwaukee, of whom special mention will 
presently be made. In politics Mr. Klaus 
was a Democrat, and the citizens of 
Green Bay honored him by electing him 
to the office of city treasurer, which he 
filled with much acceptability for nine 
years, leaving an honorable record as a 
city official; later he was elected city as- 
sessor, an office he held two terms, de- 
clining re-election. He was a prominent 
member of the Cathedral Church at Green 
Bay, with which Mrs. Klaus is also con- 

Henry P. Klaus, only son of Philipp 
and Elizabeth Klaus, received his ele- 
mentary education at the Cathedral school. 
Green Bay, and at the age of thirteen 
years entered Marquette College, Mil- 
waukee, where he took a three-years' 
business course, graduating in August, 
1 89 1, with the class honors, and receiv- 
ing a gold medal from the college. Im- 
mediately on leaving college he looked for 
employment, and found it in a wholesale 
establishment in Milwaukee, in the capac- 
ity of receiving clerk. After a few months 
he was offered, and accepted, a position 
as bookkeeper for the Cream City Brewery, 
Milwaukee, where he was held in high 
esteem by his employers, and he is win- 
ning well-merited recognition among busi- 
ness men. At present he is at home, man- 
aging the affairs of his deceased parent. 



ever-busy man, from the feverish 
turmoil of pohtics, and the harass- 
ing cares of business, is retired to 
a peaceful, quiet and happy life, such an 
individual naturally excites the friendly 
envy of his less-favored fellowmen. With- 
out ostentation or apparent conscious 
superiority, he mingles in the society of 
his neighbors, and enjoys with them the 
affairs of the present, and a pleasant 
retrospect of a life well spent. 

Elisha Morrow, of whom we write, 
comes, on the paternal and maternal 
sides respectively, of Irish and English 
ancestry who settled in New Jersey prior 
to the Revolutionary war. He was born 
in Sussex county, N. J., in 1819, a son 
of George and Maria (Davis) Morrow, 
who for some years resided in that county, 
where the father was engaged in the man- 
ufacture of iron, and died in 1826. His 
widow spent the rest of her days at the 
home of her son Elisha, in Green Bay, 
Wis., passing from earth in 1869. Our 
subject received his education at the 
schools of Sparta, N. J., and at about 
the age of fifteen commenced clerking in 
a store in that town, remaining there 
some three or four years. In 1837 he 
came west, locating at Peoria, 111. , where 
he had, living, three sisters married to mer- 
chants of the place. Near here he took 
up 160 acres of wild land at $1.25 per 
acre, eighty acres of wliich he cleared and 
farmed. At the end of three years he 
sold this property and bought several 
head of cattle, which he drove to Galena, 
same State, where he sold them. His 
next speculation was the purchase of 100 
head of cattle, driving them to Green 
Bay, Wis., where he arrived with them 
November 26, 1840. At that time there 
was a fort at the place, several compa- 
nies of United States soldiers being sta- 
tioned thereat, and some of the cattle he 
sold to the Government, others being 
slaughtered and sold by the carcass, the 
venture proving fairly successful. Hav- 
ing bought an interest in a tannery at 

Green Bay, and liking the place, Mr. 
Morrow concluded to remain, and his 
home has since been here. In addition 
to the tannery he was for a long time 
more or less interested in the buying and 
selling of real estate, lumbering, farming, 
merchandising, etc. From 1843 to 185 i 
he ran stage lines from Green Bay to 
Milwaukee, Sheboygan and Madison. 

As a politician Mr. Morrow was origi- 
nally one of the most active supporters of 
the Democratic party, and in 1845 he 
was elected to the Territorial Legislature, 
serving two successive terms of one year 
each. In 1847-48-49, under the admin- 
istration of President Polk, he served as 
receiver for the United States land office 
at Green Bay, which at that time was sit- 
uated on the corner of Adams and Chi- 
cago streets. At this time there was a 
great boom, and during Mr. Morrow's in- 
cumbency about two million dollars worth 
of property was turned over. On leaving 
the land office he became largely inter- 
ested in the lumbering business and mer- 
cantile pursuits until 1873. In 1856 the 
course of events caused Mr. Morrow to 
change his allegiance from the Demo- 
cratic party to the new Republican one, 
he becoming one of the early adherents and 
organizers of that party in Wisconsin. He 
was prominent and active in the nomina- 
tion for President of J. C. Fremont, and in 
the subsequent campaign, attending as a 
delegate the first Republican State con- 
vention (of which he was elected presi- 
dent) held in Wisconsin; this was in June, 
1856, and the convention was held in 
Fond du Lac. In June, i860, he was a 
delegate to the Chicago convention that 
nominated Lincoln for President. Since 
the organization of the State government 
he has taken no part in public affairs, and 
since 1874 has been engaged in no busi- 
ness except agriculture, having one or 
two farms in the neighborhood of the 

In 1849 Mr. Morrow was married to 
Miss Maria Bemis, of Buffalo, N. Y. , who 
died in 1852, leaving two children, viz.: 


Claude Bemis, born in 1850, now in 
charge of a lumbering establishment at 
Barronett, Wis., recently all burned out 
by the forest fires, and Maria, who died 
at the age of five years. In 1859 Mr. 
Morrow married, at Green Bay, Miss 
Josephine .\nielia Sayre, of that town, 
by which union there are si.x daughters: 
Maria (Mrs. Lally, of Kansas City), Helen 
E., Carrie (wife of R. H. Pierce, who 
was chief electrician for the World's 
Fair, and now living in Chicago), May, 
Jennie R. and Louisa L. , the unmarried 
young ladies living at the pleasant family 
home in Green Bay. Mrs. Morrow is a 
member of Christ Church, Episcopal. 

ALBERT G. E. HOLMES, retired 
merchant, of Green Bay, was 
born in Oneida county, N. Y. , in 
1825, a son of Alvah and Sophro- 
nia (Ellis) Holmes. 

Alvah Holmes was a native of Con- 
necticut, and at eight years of age was 
taken to Oneida county, N. Y. , by his 
father, Elijah, who was also a native of 
Connecticut, but removed to Herkimer 
county, N. Y. , and later to Oneida coun- 
ty. .-Mvah Holmes was reared in New 
York, was a drummer boy in the war of 
18 1 2, and in 1 821, at his majority, was 
married; in 1840 he came with his family 
to Green Bay, Wis., where he was en- 
gaged in milling and farming. Here his 
wife died in 1845, and he returned to 
Oneida county, whore his death took place 
February 8, 1871. He reareda familj-of 
seven children, viz. : Olive Ingalls, widow 
of Edson Sherwood, of the firm of Sher- 
wood & Holmes, Mr. Sherwood dying in 
Greing Bay in 1880, and Mrs. Sherwood 
taking up her residence in Howard town- 
ship. Brown Co., Wis. (she died Septem- 
ber 10, 1894); Albert G. E., our subject, 
the second in the family; Clinton resides 
on the old homestead in Oneida county, 
N. Y. ; Lavantia C, wife of Albert Oat- 
ley, resides in the town of Howard; Leo- 
nidas K., who lives in Lincoln, Neb.; 

Asahel Brainerd, of Los Angeles, Cal., 
and Stephen Augustus, a resident of 
Herkimer county, N. Y. , died January 
26, 1894. 

During the Presidential campaign of 
1840, A. G. E. Holmes took part in a 
Harrison log-cabin procession, going on 
horseback from Oneida county, N. Y. , to 
Buffalo, where the family, including him- 
self, embarked on a steamboat for Green 
Bay. Our subject was then fourteen 
years of age, and had been fairh" edu- 
cated in New York, to which privilege he 
added by further study in Green Bay. In 
1853 he here engaged in the grocery and 
provision business under the firm name of 
Sherwood & Holmes; in 1877 Mr. Sher- 
wood retired, but the business was con- 
tinued, under the style of Holmes & Har- 
teau, until about 1879, when Mr. Holmes 
disposed of his interest in the concern and 
engaged, in partnership with L. M. Mar- 
shall, in the lumber, shingle and general 
merchandise trade, which was successfully 
conducted until 1888, when Mr. Marshall 
died. The trade was then carried on by 
Mr. Holmes alone until 1892, when he re- 
tired entirely from business, after an ac- 
tive experience of over forty years. 

The marriage of Mr. Holmes was sol- 
emnized in the town of Brookfield, Madi- 
son Co., N. Y. , in 1849, to Miss Antoin- 
nette R. Brown, a native of Madison 
county, and daughter of W'illiams and Es- 
ther (Randall) Brown. Williams Brown 
was born in Connecticut, in 1783, coming 
to New York with his father, Asa Brown, 
when twelve years of age. He lost his wife 
in 1S63 in Madison county, and just after 
this event came to Dane county. Wis., 
where his death occurred in 1 867. To Mr. 
and Nfrs. A. G. E. Holmes have been born 
two children: Kittie, who died in 1872, 
and .Mbert, who is attending a business 
college in Grepn Bay. Mr. Holmes is a 
Repul)lican; he was a member of the 
school board for three years, has served 
as alderman from the Second ward, and 
for nine years was county superintend- 
ent of the poor; he is a member of the 



Knights of Honor and a charter member of 
Green Bay Lodge. Mrs. Holmes is a 
member of the Episcopal Church, Mr. 
Holmes himself being a constant attend- 
ant. The family are respected by all the 
community of Green Bay, and the busi- 
ness qualifications of Mr. Holmes have 
been made the .subject of constant re- 
mark. He is patriotic and liberal in for- 
warding and sustaining the general in- 
terests and improvement of Green Bay, 
and is a factor in her moral and educa- 
tional progress. 

dent of the Hagemeister Brewing 
Co., Green Bay, which was or- 
ganized in 1886 and incorporated 
in 1890, is a native of Green Bay, Wis., 
born in 1855. 

Francis Henry Hagemeister, father of 
subject, was born in Prussia, and in early 
manhood emigrated thence to the United 
States, locating first in Milwaukee, Wis., 
where he worked in a meat market for 
J. Nunnemacher. In 1866, along with 
four others, he organized a brewing com- 
pany in Green Bay, Wis., later buying 
out the interests of the others. In Green 
Bay he married Miss Barbara Martin, a 
native of W^urtemberg, Germany, and 
they reared a family of si.x children, as 
follows: Mary, wife of G. Walters, of 
Pittsburg, Penn. ; Henry F. ; Bessie; Min- 
nie; Albert, married, and residing in Green 
Bay; and Louis W., engaged in a boot 
and shoe business in Green Bay. [Since 
this was written Louis W. Hagemeister 
died February 20, 1895.] The father 
died November 18, 1892, aged sixty-five 
years, eleven months; the mother passed 
away in 1882. Francis H. Hagemeister 
was a member and an officer of the Luth- 
eran Church; politically he was a Dem- 
crat, and at one time served as alderman 
in Green Bay. 

Henry F. Hagemeister, the subject 
proper of this sketch, received a liberal 
education at the public schools of his na- 

tive town, and at the age of seventeen 
years commenced working in a brewery, 
a line of business he has been identified 
with ever since. In 1879, when twenty- 
four years old, he had the management of 
abrewrey, and in 1886, as above recorded, 
was organized the present concern, of 
which he is president, his brother Albert 
being secretary and treasurer. The plant 
in Green Bay is located on the East side, 
and, including the branch brewery at 
Sturgeon Bay, Wis. , represents a capital 
of two hundred and twenty-five thousand 

A Democrat of the purest type, Mr. 
Hagemeister has not been inactive in the 
interests of either his party or the public 
at large. At the present time he repre- 
sents the First District of Brown county 
in the Legislature; has served his city as 
alderman four years; has been president 
of the council, and is now supervisor of 
his ward. Socially he is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, a member of W^ashington 
Lodge, No. 21, F. & A. M. ; of Warren 
Chapter, No. 8; of Palestine Command- 
ery. No. 20; and of the Wisconsin Valley 
Consistory ; is also a member of the Golden 
Shrine, of the Order of Elks; and of the 
Knights of Honor. In all connections — 
business, political or social — Mr. Hage- 
meister has ever proved himself worthy of 
the high esteem and respect in which he 
is held by the community. 

proprietor of boot and shoe estab- 
lishment, in Green Bay, and vice- 
president of the Hagemeister Brew- 
ing Co., is a native of Green Bay, born 
March 17, 1865; a son of Francis H., and 
Barbara ( Martin) Hagemeister, natives of 

The subject of this biographical mem- 
oir received his education in Green Bay, 
and on leaving school commenced to work 
in a brewery. In 1 890 he became a stock- 
holder in same, and in 1893 was appoint- 
ed vice-president of the Hagemeister 



Brewing Co., which was organized in that 
year. In addition to the extensive plant 
in Green Bay, there is a branch brewery 
at Sturgeon Bay, the entire plant costing 
in the neighborhood of two hundred thou- 
sand dollars; the industry giving employ- 
ment to from thirty to forty hands. In 
1893 he commenced in his present boot 
and shoe business, keeping a full line of 
everything in the trade. After learning 
the brewing business in Green Bay, Mr. 
Hagemeister went, at the age of twenty- 
one, to Detroit, Mich., and for twelve 
months worked in the E. W. Voight 
Brewery, receiving a diploma; after which 
he was for a time in Keeley Bros. Brew- 
ery, Chicago. Moving to Dallas, Texas, 
he remained with the Dallas Brewing Co., 
eighteen months, and then returned to 
Green Bay, becoming manager of the Stur- 
geon Bay Brewing Co., after which he 
was appointed manager of the bottling de- 
partment. In addition to city real estate, 
I\Ir. Hagemeister owns an interest in 130 
acres farm property. In his political 
preferments he is a Democrat, and he is 
a member of the K. O. T. M., Tent 
No. 35. 

The following account of the old home 
of the Hagemeister family is from the pen 
of Miss Bessie Hagemeister: " It is one of 
the old landmarks of Green Bay. Much 
of my knowledge was gathered from Mrs. 
Mitchell, mother of Mrs. Theodore Har- 
ris, and from others who had occupied it 
or knew of its history. The home is sit- 
uated at the corner of North Adams and 
Pine streets. Green Bay. It was erected 
in 1835 by the late Hon. Fred Ellis, 
father of Judge Ellis. Mr. Ellis contin- 
ued in po.ssession of the property until 
about 1844, when it passed into the hands 
of one Kev. Davis, an l-Zpiscopalian divine. 
The next change in ownership occurred 
in 1858, when it was bought by Frank 
Hagemeister, and it is still in the posses- 
sion f)f the Hagemeister family. During 
all these years the home was occupied by 
other families, as tenants. In 1839 the 
parents of Charles White moved into the 

house, and resided there until 1844. 
Then for a short time it was vacant. 
During this period Rev. T. R. Haff, the 
present rector of Christ Church, Green 
Bay, and a few friends, while on an ex- 
pedition through the country for an out- 
ing, camped in the house for a short time, 
instead of pitching tents outside. Some- 
time between this and 1846 a family 
named Stevens lived there. In 1847 the 
late Col. Chapman and family became its 
occupants, and Mrs. Wheelock was with 
them as a member of the famil}' during 
the time. In 1848 the owner. Rev. Davis, 
moved in. Col. Chapman having vacated. 
In 1852 Mr. Davis died, but Mrs. Davis 
still made it her home till 1854, when 
Mr. Holmes moved in, and she boarded 
with his family until 1857. The next oc- 
cupants were Mr. Frank Lenz and wife. 
The old home then became a sort of 
country tavern, or, more properly, a 
boarding house, although Mr. Lenz occa- 
sionally entertained transients, and became 
quite popular as a stopping-place for fel- 
low countrymen of Mr. Lenz on their ar- 
rival in the city; and it was here that Mr. 
and Mrs. Schellenbeck first stopped on 
their honeymoon. About this time the 
property was purchased by Mr. Hage- 
meister, and he lived there during his life- 
time. I have preserved all this history of 
the old home, in which I am deeply inter- 
ested." [Since the above sketch was put 
in type, we have received information of 
the death of Mr. Louis W. Hagemeister, 
which occurred February 20, 1895, at the 
old homestead.— En. 

D. D., pastor of the First Pres- 
byterian Church of Green Bay, is 
a native of England, born March 
4, 1843, in Oswestry, Shropshire, of an 
old family in that stalwart " little island," 
the name Hewitt frequently appearing in 
old-time annals. 

Grandfather Samuel Hewitt held a 


government position, and was a man of 
prominence in Iiis day. He and his wife, 
Elizabeth, were members of the Church 
of England, and were the parents of five 
children, named respectively: Samuel, 
Joseph, Thomas, Sarah and Elizabeth. 
Of these, Thomas was born in Wolver- 
hampton, Staffordshire, England, and 
was reared to the trade of mechanic, in 
which he became highly skilled. In Os- 
westry he married Miss Elizabeth Jones, 
a granddaughter of Charles Devereux 
Price, who was a son of a London gentle- 
man of means, supposed to be a descend- 
ant of the Earls of Essex. Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Hewitt's father, Morris Jones, was 
a master builder by occupation, becom- 
ing successful and prosperous ; he came 
to the United States about the year 1 8 5 i , 
and died in Racine, Wis. He had a 
family of six children, of whom, Eliza- 
beth was born in Mellinochreg Hall, 
Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, North 
Wales, almost under the shadow of 
Plynlymmon, a picturesque mountain in 
Cardiganshire. She was well-educated 
in her native city, and a woman of the 
most refined taste, one who reared her 
family well and in true Christian faith. 
To her and her husband were born twelve 
children, six of whom survive. In 1856 
the family came to the United States, 
settling in Racine, Wis., where the father 
died in July, 1867. 

The subject of this sketch received his 
education in London, England, first in 
three different select schools, later in St. 
Luke's, Chelsea, and St. Mark's College, 
Brompton. He was thirteen years old 
when the family came to Wisconsin, and 
here he has since lived. In 1862 he en- 
tered Lawrence University, Appleton, and 
in 1870 was ordained a minister. Since, 
he has officiated at Waukesha, Kenosha 
and Milwaukee, at which latter place he 
was pastor of the Grand Avenue M. E. 
Church; subsequently he was presiding 
elder of the Milwaukee district, and pastor 
of Washington Avenue Church. In 1881 
he received the degree of Master of Arts 

at Lawrence University, and, in 1891, 
while officiating as pastor of the Wash- 
ington Avenue M. E. Church, Milwaukee, 
that of Doctor of Divinity, from the Uni- 
versity of the Northwest. In 1892 he 
received an unanimous call to the pastor- 
ate of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Green Bay, his present incumbency, and 
was installed October 17, 1893. Of this 
church a local paper of October, 1893, 
says the following: "The Green Bay 
Church in question is one of the oldest, 
if not the oldest. Congregational Church 
in Wisconsin, being over sixty years old 
as a church organization. The site upon 
which the society's buildings stood since 
organization was presented to the congre- 
gation by John Jacob Astor, in the days 
of his great fur deals. The deed to the 
land reads: ' From John Jacob Astor 
to the First Presbyterian Church of 
Green Bay,' etc., and in that v/ay the so- 
ciety received its name as a Presbyterian 
Church, although it has always been a 
Congregational Church in doctrine and 
practice." Of the chief characteristics 
of the present pastor, the following is 
gleaned from.a long-time acquaintance: 
" Dr. Hewitt was cast in a finer, gentler' 
mould than many men, and yet he has 
also those manly qualities that we ought 
to find in every man, be he statesman or 
business man or clergyman. His sense 
of the fit and the beautiful is keen — he has 
much of the spirit of the poet in his 
thinking and living. His ideas of honor 
and integrity and duty are exceptionally 
strong. Mentally he has both depth and 
breadth. He is never afraid of new 
ideas, is receptive to any new truth, but 
has the faith that assures him the founda- 
tions of God stand unshaken amid man's 
changing opinions and speculations. 
* * * As a minister of the Gospel he 
has always emphasized the spiritual 
rather than the ecclesiastical or dogmatic 
side of the church and the personal life, 
and has been uniformly beloved as 
preacher, teacher, pastor and man. To 
this sacred and honored calling he has 



devoted all of himself, and is splendidly 
equipped for successful work." 

In 1866 Rev. Dr. Hewitt was married 
to Miss Kate Richardson, daughter of 
George Richardson, of Omro, Wis., and 
three children have been born to them, 
to wit: Frederick J., in Milwaukee; May 
Belle, at home; and George P., a classi- 
cal student at Lawrence University. In 
his political preferences our subject is a 
Republican, with Prohibition tendencies; 
socially he is a Royal Arch Mason. 

H U D D. There is something ex- 
ceedingly attractive in the volun- 
tary retirement of a man who, for 
several years, has taken an active and in- 
fluential part in the affairs of the govern- 
ment. He leaves public life in the full- 
ness of his strength, and while in the path- 
wa\' of political advancement. He ex- 
changes the exciting scenes of political 
turmoil, which present the most power- 
ful attractions to the ambitious, for the 
peaceful labors of his profession, or other 
vocation, in the pursuit of which he, may- 
hap, finds time to ruminate on past 
•events, on those that are passing, and on 
those which futurity will probably develop. 
Mr. Hudd is a native of New York 
State, born October i, 1835, in Buffalo, 
a son of Richard and Mary (Harrison) 
Hudd, English people, the father a na- 
tive of Laylock, Wiltshire, the mother of 
Northamptonshire, born in the village of 
Barl)y. Richard Hudd was a painter and 
decorator, and in i S30 came to the United 
States, where he followed his trade until 
his death, which occurred in 1841, he 
having been accidentally drowned. He 
was descended from the land-holding 
class of England, and was a man of tine 
appearance, and good education, having 
been a student at the famous Eton school. 
His wife was daughter of Thomas Harri- 
son, who came to this country and for a 
time resided near Utica, N. Y. , but after- 
ward, in 1833, became a pioneer of Illi- 

nois, settling near Lisbon, Kendall county. 
He died of apoplexy while taking a load 
of wheat to Chicago by wagon. He was 
a lineal descendant of Gen. Harrison, who 
was one of Cromwell's right-hand men, 
and one of the judges who condemned 
Charles I. to death. 

Thomas R. Hudd was a lad of seven 
summers when his father died, and soon 
after that sad event the widowed mother 
moved with her little boy to Chicago, 
where he attended school until he was 
about fifteen 3'ears old, when he left his 
books to assume the role of "devil" in 
the job-room of the Evening Journal, 
Richard L. Wilson at that time being 
publisher, and Andrew Matteson foreman 
of the job-room. From there he went to 
the Western Citizen, where he learned 
typesetting and the trade in general, 
remaining in that office until 1853. In 
the meantime his mother, having married 
a Mr. A. D. Partridge and removed to 
Neenah, Wis., induced the lad to rejoin 
her, which he did, and he soon thereafter 
became a student at Lawrence (Appleton) 
University, paying his way toward receiv- 
ing a good education by working at his 
trade in the office of the Appleton Crescent. 
In 1855 he left college and commenced the 
study of law with R. P. Eaton, in Apple- 
ton, then with Smith & Ballard, the senior 
member of which firm, Perry H. Smith, 
afterward became well-known as a prom- 
inent railroad official of Chicago. In 
October, 1856, Mr. Hudd was admitted 
to the bar, and in the following Novem- 
ber was elected district attorney of Outa- 
gamie county. Forming a partnership 
with John J. Jewett, they practiced law 
together in Appleton until 1863, when 
Mr. Jewett retired, and Mr. J. H. M. 
Wigman succeeded him in the partner- 
ship. When Mr. Hudd came to Green 
Bay, in iSCS, Mr. Wigman continued the 
Appleton office until 1S70, when he re- 
moved to Green Bay, after whicli time 
the firm engaged in general law practice, 
extending to all the State anil Federal 
courts. For a short time, in the heyday 


of his Congressional work, and at the ex- 
piration of the Lth Congress, Mr. Hudd 
was a member of the law firm, in Chi- 
cago, of Case, Hudd & Hogan, which was 
intended only as a temporary arrange- 
ment, and was discontinued in October, 

Mr. Hudd has served his adopted 
State well in public affairs. In 1861 he 
was elected to the State Senate, and in 
1867 to the Assembly; in 1876 he was 
again elected to the Assembly, and in this 
session he was prominently identified in 
the securing of the repeal of the ' ' Granger 
Law," which had become so obnoxious to 
the State. In 1877 he was again sent 
by his constituents to the Senate, and 
was successively re-elected to same until 
1885, in which year he was elected to the 
United States Congress, resigning his 
seat in the State Senate when he had 
three years yet to serve. This was the 
XLIXth Congress, and he was elected to 
the vacancy caused by the death of Jos- 
eph Rankin. In this Congress he served 
on the committee on Commerce, to take 
the place of Joseph Pultzer, who had re- 
signed in order to visit Europe. Elected 
to the Lth Congress, Mr. Hudd was ap- 
pointed chairman of the committee on 
Expenditures, in the Interior Department. 
This closed his most active life in the 
arena of politics, and he has since con- 
fined himself to the practice of his pro- 
fession, wherein he has a wide clientage 
and enjoys the distinction of being the 
leading criminal lawyer in this section of 
Wisconsin. In municipal affairs, also, he 
has been active, having served the peo- 
ple of his locality in many minor offices, 
among which may be mentioned that of 
president of the school board, several 
years. In 1889 he was appointed by 
Gov. Hoar, one of three commissioners 
to represent the State of Wisconsin at 
the Centennial celebration of the inaugur- 
ation of George Washington as first 
President of the United States, which was 
held at New York in April, 1889. Dur- 
ing the Civil war he was commissioned to 

a lieutenancy, and mainly by his individ- 
ual exertion were organized two military 
companies in Outagamie county, but he 
was unable to take active service, having 
just been elected to the State Senate. 

Mr. Hudd has been twice married, 
first time, in 1857, to Parthenia S. Peak, 
who died in 1871, the mother of four 
children, as follows: Richard P., Sophia 
M. (now wife of William Beatty, of Colo- 
rado), Mary H., and Julia P. (now living 
in Washington, D. C). In 1872 Mr. 
Hudd married, for his second wife, Miss 
Mary Kiel, and four children, all daugh- 
ters, have been born to them, named as 
follows: Gertrude D. , Nellie, May and 
Maude, all at home. Mr. Hudd is a mem- 
ber of the F. & A. M., Waverly Lodge 
No. 51, Appleton, and in politics he is a 
stanch Democrat. 

popular and efficient agent at 
Green Bay for the American 
Express Company, is one of the 
ten oldest employees of that corporation 
in Wisconsin, and has earned for himself 
an enviable reputation as a courteous, 
painstaking official. 

He is a native of this State, born, in 
1847, in the town of Kenosha, a son of 
W. L. and Isabella C. (Courtenay) Hins- 
dale, natives of New York City, whence 
they came in 1836 to South Port (now 
Kenosha), Wis., where, in company with 
a brother, Mr. Hinsdale was engaged for 
some years in the lumber business, they 
becoming extensive traders in that line, 
and ultimately selling out to F. B. Gard- 
ner, of Chicago. Mr. Hinsdale then re- 
sided in Madison, Wis., one year, moving 
from there, in 1855, to Milwaukee, where 
he became the first treasurer of the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad, 
which in a few years he resigned to ac- 
cept the position of secretary of the North 
Western National Fire and Marine Insur- 
ance Company. His father was a well- 


known jeweler in New York City, where 
he passed his entire Ufe. 

Isabella C. Courtena\', mother of the 
subject of this sketch, was born in Balti- 
more, Md., and was a member of one 
of the early leading families of that State, 
English people who settled in the town of 
Goodhope about the year 1700. One of 
her remote ancestors on her father's side 
lost his life on account of claiming a right 
t(j the crown of England, and some of her 
later ancestry were engaged in the war of 
the Revolution in this country, others, 
again, in the war of 181 2. Grandfather 
Courtenay died in Maryland, and his 
widow came to Kenosha, Wis., with her 
brother, Hercules, who opened up a farm 
in Kenosha county, where he died; she 
passed from earth in the town of Kenosha 
about the year 1 85 1. Mrs. Isabella C. 
Hinsdale died in 1892. 

William C. Hinsdale, our subject, re- 
ceived his education in Milwaukee, and 
after leaving school entered the employ 
of Marshall Ilsley, as bank collection 
clerk, and after four years, or in 1869, 
entered the service of the American Ex- 
press Company, at Black River Falls, 
Wis., thence moved to Milwaukee, from 
there to Green Bay in 1871, passing 
through the various grades of promotion 
"with flying colors." In 1873-74 he was 
Express Messenger between Green Bay 
and Marquette, Mich., and other points, 
and in 1881 received the appointment of 
agent at Green Ba\', his present incum- 
bency. In October, 1881, he was mar- 
ried in Green Bay to Miss Minnie C. 
Gardner, a native of that town, a daughter 
of B. C. and M. E. Gardner, who about 
the year 1834 came to Green Bay, where 
the father followed his business, that of 
contractor and builder; he died about 
1880; the mother is yet living in Green 
Bay. To Mr. and Mrs. Hinsdale have 
been born two children, Florence and 
Isabella. In politics our subject is a Re- 
publican; socially he is a member of 
Pochequettc Lodge No. 26, K. of P., and 
has pas.sed all the Chairs. Ti> his well- 

directed efforts — efforts that never know 
fatigue — Green Bay is indebted for as 
well-conducted an express system as ex- 
ists in the State. 

GE. T. KYBER, notary public, 
mortgage loan and real-estate 
broker, of Green Bay, Wis., was 
born in Saxony, Germany, in 
1828, a son of Theodore George and 
Caroline (Weygant) Kyber, the former of 
whom, a native of Saxony, died at the 
age of ninety-one; the latter was of Polish 
descent. The\- had born to them eight 
children, of whom the living are Carl, in 
Glauchau, Saxon}-; Frederick and Amelia, 
residing near Dresden, Saxony, and G. E. 
T. , who is the subject of this sketch. 

G. E. T. Kyber lost his mother when 
he was six years of age. He was reared 
and educated in Saxony and studied mili- 
tary science and architecture, which pro- 
fession he followed in the old country 
until he was twenty-two years old. In 
1850 he came to America, and in New 
York was employed for a short time in 
lithographic work and painting; then 
went to Central America and served as 
head steward of a large hospital, caught 
the yellow fever, and returned north. In 
1854 he came to Green Bay and opened 
a paint shop, which he conducted until 
1 86 1 , when he was appointed notary pub- 
lic; in 1863 he was appointed, as a Demo- 
crat, auditor of the Volunteers Aid Fund 
in the office of the Secretary of State, and 
held the position until 1865; in 1S67 was 
elected the first police ju.stice of Green 
Bay. In 1873 he moved to .Allouez town- 
shi|), where he has ever since had his resi- 
dence, and is now public administrator 
for Brown county. Mr. Kyber was mar- 
ried, in New York, in 1852, to Miss 
Susanna Muth, and to this union have 
been born eight children, of whom the 
living are: Fannie, wife of F. I^. Frd- 
mami, of Green Bay; \'irginia, Theodore 
G. and Frederick E. The mother of this 
family was called from earth in 1S87 


since when Mr. Kyber has remained a 

Mr. Kyber is a member of Herman 
Lodge No. Ill, I. O. O. F. , and also of 
the Turn Verein, of which he was one of 
the organizers. He is also a member of 
the Lutheran Church, lives fully up to its 
teachings, and is greatly respected for his 
moral walk through life. 

THOMAS J. McGRATH, senior 
member of McGrath & Anderson, 
leading firm of contractors and 
builders, of Green Bay, is a fair 
representative of those whose sagacity 
and capital have done so much toward 
the commercial and manufacturing pro- 
gress of the city of his adoption. 

A native of Canada, he was born 
January 15, 1859, in Emily, Victoria Co., 
Ontario, to Michael and Mary Ann (Mc- 
Carthy) McGrath, the former of whom 
was a carpenter by trade. In March, 
1863, the father died, and in 1875 the 
family, then consisting of mother and 
three children, including our subject, 
came to Wisconsin and settled in Lebanon, 
Waupaca county, where the mother 
subsequently married Michael Ahearn, of 
that place, where they are now living. 
As will be seen, our subject was a lad of 
some si.xteen summers when the family 
came to Wisconsin, prior to which he had 
received at the excellent public schools 
of Canada the only literary education he 
was destined to have, which in after 
years he added to by close reading and 
general observation of men and things. 
At the age of eighteen he commenced to 
learn carpentry, at which trade he soon 
proved himself admirably adapted; and so 
quickly did he make himself proficient 
that at the early age of twenty-two he was 
placed as foreman over men whose actual 
experience represented more years than 
he had lived. But he was equal to the 
responsibility, and proved himself an 
efficient and capable overseer. In this 
capacity his first employment was for 

contractors, but ere long he entered the 
employ of the Chicago & Northwestern 
Railway Company as foreman of bridge 
carpenters, the work at that time being 
done by this company on the St. Peter 
division in Minnesota. For six years he 
continued in this position, proving him- 
self well worthy of his trust — honest and 
capable. He then entered the employ of 
the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. 
Marie Railroad Company as superin- 
tendent of building construction, but at 
the end of one year he resigned to accept 
the position of superintendent of bridges 
and buildings for the Milwaukee & North- 
ern railroad, which about three years 
thereafter merged into the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul railroad. 

In 1S90 Mr. McGrath commenced the 
since prosperous business of general con- 
tracting and building, and among the 
many substantial works in Green Bay 
that stand to-day as evidence of his skill 
may be mentioned the Mason street 
bridge over the Fox river; an extension 
of one thousand feet dockage for the 
Murphy Lumber Company, and elevator 
and dock for W. W. Cargill cS: Bro. In 
February, 1893, Mr. McGrath received 
as partner in his extensive business Mr. 
W. B. Anderson, since when the firm 
have completed the following contracts: 
Plant for "The Columbian Bakery"; ex- 
tensive coal-sheds for Barkhousen & 
Hathawav; the power-house for the Fox 
River Street Railway Company; 800 feet 
extra dockage for the Murphy Lumber 
Company; about 14,000 yards of cedar 
block paving on Washington street; 25,- 
000 yards cedar block pavement on 
Crooks and Walnut streets; bridge over 
the East river, connecting Allouez and 
Bellevue townships, in Brown county; 
bridge over East river on Mason street; 
and three and one-half miles of railroad 
for the Chicago Si North Western Com- 
pany, in Michigan. 

At Mankato, Minn., on March 21, 
1880, Mr. McGrath was married to Miss 
Eleanor Fuller, a native of Lapeer, 



^lich., and daughter of Daniel and Mary 
J. (Arlow) Fuller. An interesting family 
of six clever children have been born to 
this union, named respectively: Nellie 
M., Claude A., Violet M., Thomas R., 
Daniel F. and Alvin E. Politically Mr. 
McGrath is a stanch Republican, but has 
no time to spare for office, his business 
demanding and receiving his closest at- 
tention. He is a member of the F. & A. 
M., Washington Lodge No. 21, Warren 
Chapter No. 8, Warren Council No. 13, 
and Palestine Commandery No. 20. Mrs. 
Mcdrath is a member of the M. E. 

NS. KIMBALL, division master- 
mechanic of the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul railroad, by 
virtue of his long residence in 
Wisconsin, covering a period of over 
thirty-six years, is not only well known 
but highly respected, especially in railroad 
circles, where he 's prominent. 

He is a native of New Hampshire, 
born November 21, 1831, in the town of 
Warner, Merrimack county, a son of John 
antl Hannah (Bean; Kimball, the former 
of whom was born and reared in Waltham, 
Mass. In early life, he. John, moved to 
New Hampshire, and in the town of War- 
ner established a paper-mill as well as a 
bookbindery, being proprietor of both. 
Senator Chandler, of New Hampshire, 
is now owner of the site on which these 
old-time industries stood. John Kimball 
and his wife passed the rest of their 
<lays in New Hampshire, dying in Man- 
chester in 1 84 1 and 1862 respectively, he 
at the age of fifty jears, she at the age of 
sixty-two; his maternal grandfather, 
Thomas Wellington, was a soldier in the 
Revolution, spent the winter at Valley 
Forge and crossed the Delaware with 
Washington. John Kimball served in the 
war of 181 2, in which conflict John Bean, 
the maternal grandfather of our subject, 
was also a soldier. 

The subject of these lines received a 

liberal education, in part at the schools of 
Manchester, N. H., and in part in Hop- 
kinton Academy, same State, chiefly, 
however, at the schools of the latter 
place. He was in reality reared to farm- 
ing, and for a time tended sheep on the 
Kearsarge Mountains, but in 1847, ^^ the 
age of seventeen, he commenced to learn 
the trade of machinist in the Amoskeag 
locomotive shops of Manchester, N. H., 
which had just been started, remaining in 
them as long as they existed as locomotive 
shops, or until 1857. In January of that 
year he moved to Detroit, Mich., and 
for a short time was in the employ of the 
Michigan Central Railroad Company, 
thence removing to La Porte, Ind., where 
he worked for the Lake Shore & Michi- 
gan Southern railroad. After this he 
was on a farm in Logan county. 111., for 
some eight months, at the end of which 
time, in 1S58, he removed to Milwaukee, 
Wis., where he was given charge as fore- 
man in the repair shops of the Milwaukee 
& Mississippi railroad, which at that time 
extended as far as Prairie du Chien, and 
is at present a division of the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul railroad, on which he 
is now employed. Here he remained 
within one year of a quarter of a century, 
and in 1882, having accepted the position 
of division master-mechanic of the Mil- 
waukee & Northern railroad, came to 
Green Bay, where he still remains in the 
same capacity. In 1882 this was the 
Milwaukee & Northern railroad, but in 
1890 it was absorbed by the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad. He has 
therefore served continuously thirty-six 
years in positions of responsibility on the 
lines of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul railroad. 

In 1853 Mr. Kimball was married to 
Miss Mary A. Edmunds, daughter of 
Enoch and Mary (Campbell) Edmunds, 
all natives of New Hampshire, where her 
father died, the widowed mother after- 
ward coming to Green Bay, where, at 
the residence of our subject, she passed 
away in 1892. To Mr. and Mrs. Kim- 



ball has been born one child, Walter H., 
by profession a stenographer, married, 
and residing at Green Bay. In his polit- 
ical preferences our subject is a Republi- 
can. In 1854 he joined the Masons, at 
Manchester, N. H., and he is a member 
of Washington Lodge No. 21, F. & A. 
M. , Green Bay; Chapter No. 7, Milwaukee; 
Palestine Commandery No. 20, of Green 
Bay (of which he is past eminent com- 
mander), and of the Wisconsin Consis- 
tory, thirty-second degree ; he is also a 
member of the Mystic Shrine, Tripoli 
Temple, of Milwaukee. He and his wife 
are members of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, with which he has been connect- 
ed for thirty j'ears, and for several years 
he has been a vestryman and warden. 

FW. SCHNEIDER, photographic 
artist, at No. 310 North Wash- 
ington street. Green Bay, was 
born in Westphalia, Prussia, Janu- 
ary 8, 1854. His parents were Anton 
and Mary Elizabeth (Schneider) Schneider, 
natives of Rhine-Province, Prussia, where 
the father died in 1S59; in 1868 the 
mother came to Wisconsin and located in 
Kewaunee count}-, where she carried on 
farming and a cheese factory and store 
until her death in 1891. She reared a 
family of three children, viz: Charley, a 
farmer; F. W. , our subject; and Helen, 
wife of W. Gauerke, of Brown county. 
F. W. Schneider was educated in 
Prussia until fourteen years of age, and 
after coming to America attended the 
evening schools, and a business college 
in Green Bay, Wis. In 1870 he settled 
in Brown county, and was employed in 
sawmilling and team driving till 1874, 
when he moved into Green Bay, where he 
learned his art, and in May, 1877, com- 
menced business on his own account, be- 
ing now the oldest gallery proprietor in 
the city, and one of its finest artists. 

Mr. Schneider was married in De- 
Pere, in 1876, to Miss Elainna M. Nuss, 
a native of Pennsylvania, and daughter 

of Michael Nuss, who settled in De Pere 
about the year 1866. This happy union 
has been blessed with three children, 
named respectively: Alvin, Mabel and 
Fred. Mr. Schneider is a Republican in 
his political affiliations, and in his social 
and fraternal connections is affiliated with 
Green Bay Lodge, No. 19, I. O. O. F., 
in which he has passed all the chairs, and 
is also a member of the Encampment; is 
a member of the Royal Arcanum, of the 
Modern Woodmen, and of the Knights of 
the Maccabees. He has grown up with 
the city of Green Bay, has been a witness 
to much of its progress, and is now 
ranked among its most respected citizens. 

HON. W. J. ABRAMS. The life 
of the subject of this sketch pre- 
sents a striking example of enter- 
prise, industry and integrity, con- 
ducting to eminent success, and of politi- 
cal consistencies based on enlightened 
and moderate views — views at all times 
compatible with a generous toleration of 
the sentiments entertained by others, and 
commanding general confidence and es- 

Mr. Abrams was born March 19, 1829, 
in Cambridge, Washington Co., N. Y. , 
and is a son of Isaac T. and Ruth (Hall) 
Abrams, natives of New York. The 
father, who was a business man of West 
Troy, N. Y. , died in 1868, the mother in 
1870. Of their family of children only 
one grew to maturity, the son whose 
name introduces this sketch. His great- 
grandfather on the mother's side, Capt. 
Alexander Thomas, was commissioned in 
December, 1778, by the General As- 
sembly of Rhode Island, a captain in 
Col. Topham's regiment, and it is rec- 
orded that he " drew regular pay." Our 
subject is a blood-relation, on his 
mother's side, of Lyman Hall, one of 
the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, and, on his father's side, Mr. 
Abrams claims lineal descent from Lord 
Townley, of the English House of Peers. 





W. J. Abrams, after receiving an 
academic education at Cambridge and 
Troy, N. Y. , entered the theological 
school at Williamstown, Mass. ; but, 
owing to impaired health he had to aban- 
don the course, and spent some years in 
travel, at the same time continuing his 
studies, for the most part in history, arts 
and general literature. In the latter con- 
nection it may be mentioned that he was 
the author, under various noninies de 
pliiuii of various essays, but his health 
would not permit of his continuing in such 
work as a profession. 

In 1856 he came to northern Wiscon- 
sin, and was engaged for a considerable 
time in railroad surveys from Lake Michi- 
gan to Ontonagon, making his permanent 
home in Green Bay in 1861. He became 
identified with the Collingwood, Sarnia 
and Buffalo line of steamers, and, until 
1870, none was more prominent in the 
development of the water transportation 
facilities of the town. In that year he 
directed his attention more especially to 
railroad enterprise, and was one of the 
promoters of the Green Bay & Lake Pepin 
railroad (having made the survey and ob- 
tained its charter), becoming officially 
connected with same, for many years 
serving as secretarj*. This road was sub- 
sequently merged into the Green Bay & 
Minnesota, and still later into the Green 
Bay, Winona cS: St. Paul. Mr. Abrams 
was also the leading promoter of the Ke- 
waunee, Green Bay & Western railroad, 
some thirty-five miles in length, built in 
1 89 1, and has been president of the com- 
pany from its organization. 

In 1854 Mr. Abrams was married in 
Montgomery county, N. Y. , to Miss Hen- 
rietta T. Alton, a native of New York 
State, daiiglitcr of James Alton. Her 
mother, at the time of her marriage with 
Mr. Alton, was the widow of Commodore 
Germain, commander of the "Ironsides," 
during the Revolutionary war. Mr. and 
Mrs. Alton are now deceased. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Abrams have been born three 
children, viz.: Two daughters — Kate. 

wife of Hamilton Townsend, in the real- 
estate business in Milwaukee, Wis. ; and 
Ruth, wife of Dr. C. McVeigh Tobey, of 
St. Paul, Minn. ; and one son — Winford, 
at home. Mrs. Townsend is a member 
of the Daughters of the Revolution in 
Milwaukee, and secretary of the State di- 
vision of that order. 

During the Rebellion Mr. Abrams was 
an uncompromising war Democrat, and is 
still as ardent as he was when he cham- 
pioned the rights of the party in the halls 
of the State Assembly and in the Senate, 
in the former of which he served four 
years (from 1864 to 1867), and in the lat- 
ter two years (1868-69). Among the nu- 
merous official positions he holds or has 
held may be mentioned — vice-president 
of the Soldiers Orphans Home, at Mad- 
ison, Wis.; vice-president of the Fair and 
Park Association, in which he is a stock- 
holder, and a member of the Horticul- 
tural Society; mayor of Green Bay in 
1882-83, and again in 1885. Socially he 
is a retired member of the I. O. O. F. , 
and a member of the Royal Arcanum, of 
which he is supreme representative at the 
present time, and has been Grand Regent 
of the State. One of the most active, 
progressive, public-spirited men, Mr. 
Abrams has done as much to develop the 
almost inexhaustible resources of the Fox 
River Valley as any other man. 

Mr. Abrams has frequently appeared 
as a public speaker, especiall}' during po- 
litical campaigns, and his style is of a char- 
acter to command the respect and atten- 
tion of his audience. As a public officer 
he has few superiors; as a railroad official 
he has a wide reputation for executive ca- 
pacity and able management of affairs, 
and it would be hard to find a man better 
adapted to organizing capital to promote 
such enterprises as he may become inter- 
ested in, his foresight and sagacity in 
financial matters fitting liim esjiecially 
therefor. His power over men — and 
hence his influence in social, political, and 
business matters — is of that quiet order 
that makes little outward show, yet is a 



potent factor in shaping the success of 
the community in which he resides. The 
State of Wisconsin is justly proud of such 
sons, and the record of their Hves should 
be perpetuated in history, chronicled in 
steel and in words that endure forever. 

THOMAS ATKINSON, a respected 
and well-known citizen of Preble 
township, Brown county, is a na- 
tive of Ireland, born March lO, 
1816, in County Sligo, son of Henry and 
Kate (Kaveny) Atkinson, the former of 
whom was a farmer and stock raiser. 

Thomas Atkinson received such an 
education as the schools of the time and 
place afforded, and from boyhood was 
reared to farm life. In January. 1842, 
he was married to Miss Mary Flatley, 
who was born in 1823, daughter of Dom- 
inick and Margaret (Fl3'nn) Flatley, and 
this union was blessed with children as 
follows: Margaret (now Mrs. John Mahon, 
of Preble), Henry (deceased in infancy), 
Kate (who died, unmarried, in Preble 
township) and Maria (who was a school 
teacher, and died in Preble township in 
young womanhood), all four born in 
Ireland; and Louis (at home;, Philip (of 
Ironwood, Mich.) and Thomas H. (who 
died 3'-oung), these three born in America. 
In January, 1848, Mr. and Mrs. Atkinson, 
with their family, then consisting of three 
girls, left Ireland, and shortl}- afterward 
sailed from Liverpool, England, on the 
"West Point," landing at New York in 
March, after a voyage of forty-one days. 
The}' first located in Cherry Valley, 
Oneida Co., N. Y. , where Mr. Atkinson 
worked as laborer on a plank-road at that 
time in course of construction, remaining 
there over a year; then, in the fall of 1 849, 
proceeding by canal from Rome to Buf- 
falo, N. Y., they took passage on a ves- 
sel bound for Kewaunee, Wis. , thence 
coming to Green Bay on the tug "Jim 
Wood." The same fall Mr. Atkinson 
located on a small farm in Holland town- 

ship. Brown county, "all in the woods;" 
but after remaining there about a month 
returned to Green Bay, where he resided 
some years. In 1853 he was appointed 
lighthouse keeper at Long Tail Point, 
Wis., and was stationed there six years 
and one month, at the end of which time 
he removed to Fort Howard, where he 
opened out a grocery and saloon business. 
A few months later, in the spring of i860, 
he located on his present farm, and has 
here since continuously resided, having- 
now 1332 acres of prime land, which he 
has accumulated by years of industry and 
toil. On May 4, 1856, Mrs. Mary Atkin- 
son passed from earth, and May 29, 1857, 
Mr. Atkinson wedded, for his second wife, 
Miss Margaret Howard, who was born, 
in 1827, in County Limerick, Ireland, 
daughter of Michael Howard; she died 
January 22, 1877, without issue, and her 
remains now rest in Shantytown cemetery. 
Our subject, as a member of the Dem- 
ocratic party, takes an active interest in 
politics, and has held the offices of super- 
visor and chairman of his township; in 
religious faith he is a member of the Cath- 
olic Church. He is well read, keeping 
himself closely informed on the issues of 
the day, and is highly respected where- 
ever he is known. 

is a native of Reigate, county of 
Surrey, England, and was born 
January 13, 1844, the son of 
Thomas and Susan (Doubell) Bowring. 
The father, with his wife and five chil- 
dren, came to the United States in 1851, 
locating at Lyons, N. Y. From there he 
moved to Detroit, Mich., where for the 
most part he lived until his death, which 
took place in 1885; his widow died in the 
same city in 1891. 

Thomas D. Bowring obtained his edu- 
cation partly in England, and partly at 
the common schools of this country. 
While attending school at Lyons. N. Y. , 


he sustained an injury to his left hip 
which crippled him for Hfe. He learned 
the art of photography in Detroit, where 
for about a year he was in business for 
himself; but in 1868 he moved to Green 
Bay to become operator for H. S. Clark. 
In 1869 he took charge of a branch gal- 
lery in De Pere, which, at the close of the 
year, he purchased, and has since been in 
business for himself. Mr. Bowring was 
married in 1874 to Miss Alice Arndt, 
daughter of J. W. Arndt, and there have 
been born to this union live children, 
named, respectively: Alice Irene, Thomas 
Reuben, Randall, William Wallace and 
Elcey Arndt. Of these, Randall died in 
1883: the others are livijigwith their par- 
ents. In local politics Mr. Bowring is 
independent, supporting the men whom 
he thinks will best perform the duties of 
the various offices; but in National affairs 
he has usually been in accord with the 
policy of the Democratic partv. He was 
treasurer of De Pere in 1877-78, and is 
the present supervisor from the First 
ward. He is a member of the De Pere 
Temple of Honor, was made a Freemason 
in Detroit in 1863, and is now a member 
of the De Pere Lodge, F. & A. M. 

I'ere, is now retired on his 
means, although when he first 
reached De Pere he was the pos- 
sessor of the sum of only twenty-five cents. 
Mis indomitable energy and shrewd busi- 
ness quahfications have alone been the 
secret of his success, as will be ffjund in 
the secpiel. He is of Scotch-Irish extrac- 
tion, and was Ixirn in the village of 
Bathurst, N. B. . January r4, 1821, 
son of William and Sarah fKllis) Arm- 
strong, natives, resjiectivelj', of .Aberdeen, j 
Scotland, and Londonderry, Ireland, the ] 
former of whom, by vocation a lumber- ' 
man and ship-owner, took up his resi- 
dence in New Brunswick, where he and 
his wife jiassed their declining days. 

William Armstrong received a fair ed- 
ucation at the common or district schools 
of Bathurst, and at the age of twenty-one 
years began work at lumbering at Paubo, 
in the district of Gaspe. Being very apt 
and well educated, at the end of a year's 
life in the woods he was made superin- 
tendent of a gang-mill employing 300 
men, natives of Canada, of whom two 
only could write their names, and over 
this large number of men he held con- 
trol three years. In 1849, smitten with 
the gold fever, he started for Califor- 
nia, going by team to St. John, N. B. , 
thence by boat to Boston, ^lass. ; but the 
sea-going vessel had taken its departure 
before he reached that port. This cir- 
cumstance necessitated a change of plans 
on the part of Mr. Armstrong, and, after 
working three months in a ship-yard in 
Boston, he found his way to Albany, N. 
Y. , where for three months he was em- 
ployed in canal-boat building. From .Al- 
bany he went to Buffalo, N. Y., by canal, 
thence by steamer, via the lake, to She- 
boygan, Wis., and finally reached De- 
Pere, his present residence, about May 
30, 1850, as before stated, with only a 
few cents in his pocket, and one suit of 
working clothes, as his trunks were de- 
layed and did not arrive until two or three 
weeks afterward. He found employ- 
ment in a lumber-mill as head sawyer, 
and, after working three or four days the 
proprietor was heard to remark that there 
must be something wrong about that man, 
for, to judge by his good writing and fig- 
ures, he was evidently well educated and 
superior to his present employment: so 
he was set down as a rogue in hiding, an 
impression which liid not last long, how- 
ever, although there was perhaps suffi- 
cient cause for it, as he had worked in the 
dirt and wet for two or three weeks with- 
out change of clothes, making him look 
very rough, a con<iition which was rem- 
edied on the arrival of his trunks. After 
working a year as head sa\\vor in the 
lumber-mill he subsef|uently rented the 
same, in partnership with James Morgan, 


Mr. Armstrong superintending the getting 
out of the logs and the general work of 
the gang in the forest. Having now ac- 
cumulated some money, our subject ne.xt 
purchased a tax-title to some heavily tim- 
bered pine land east of De Pere, which 
proved as prolific as any to be found in 
the State of Wisconsin; still, with his 
keen business eye, he saw that the price of 
lumber was going down, and for several 
years filled positions as superintendent 
for various lumber companies on salary, 
until i860, from which time until 1862, 
the times being troublous, he wisely ab- 
stained from venturing his capital in busi- 
ness. In the latter year, however, he ac- 
cepted an appointment as deputy United 
States marshal for the northern district of 
Wisconsin, filled the quota of enlisted 
men, and then proceeded to make the 
draft for extra men over and above the 
volunteer contingent. In this draft, which 
first occurred at Green Bay for the town of 
Washington Island, Door county, a singu- 
lar incident occurred: A blind man was 
selected to do the drawing, and Mr. Arm- 
strong gave the wheel containing the 
names of the men to be drawn, three 
turns; a somewhat prominent fisherman, 
standing near, demanded another turn of 
the wheel, until he said enough, and, on 
this being done, the first name drawn was 
that of Robert Nolan, the fisherman who 
had demanded a new turn of the wheel. 
For two years Mr. Armstrong filled the 
office of provost marshal, and in 1864 
started for the gold fields of Montana, 
where he secured a placer claim on Hen- 
derson Gulch, and wrought out $12,000 
in one season. He also bought an inter- 
est in a ranch on Burnt Fork, a stream 
that emptied into Bitter Root valley, from 
which he produced 250 barrels of flour, 
which was sold at forty dollars per barrel; 
1,500 bushels of potatoes, sold at seven 
dollars and fifty cents per bushel; 1,200 
bushels of oats, sold at five dollars per 
bushel, all spot gold; onions sold at 
twenty-five cents per pound, rutabagas 
at fifteen cents per pound, and other 

products in proportion. A portion of his 
produce was sent to the mines market, 
140 miles away, and the hauling was done 
by four six-yoke oxen-teams, and two 
four-horse teams, the rate of freight being 
four cents per pound. Mr. Armstrong 
also purchased beef cattle in large quan- 
tities, which he slaughtered and sold for 
food to the miners; and thus life was 
passed at the mining districts, to the great 
profit of Mr. Armstrong, his gain for his 
residence of two years on the ranch being 
ten thousand dollars, or more. He was 
always a favorite with the miners, among 
whom he was familiarly known by the 
sobriquet of " Uncle Billy," and enjoyed 
a monopoly of the trade of the camp, 
never hesitating to run out a line of credit 
to those who had not the ready means for 
cash payment. During the winter season 
he lumbered a little, whipsawed lumber 
at two hundred dollars per thousand feet 
for spruce, and also manufactured shingles 
at an immense profit. He built the 
first shingle-roofed house in Bitter Root 
valley, and at the end of the four years 
sold out the balance of his mining claim 
for one thousand dollars, and went to 
Fort Benton, thence by steamer to Omaha, 
and from that point came to De Pere. 
Here he was engaged two years at the 
furnace business; next was superintendent 
for the Fox River Iron Company for 
about ten years, continuing to put money 
in his purse and filling the position to the 
entire satisfaction of his employers. In 
1880 he patented a stump-puller, in the 
manufacture of which he was engaged 
eight years at De Pere. Of this valuable 
implement he sold upwards of • three 
thousand, and, in addition, disposed of 
the right to manufacture in a large extent 
of territory. In 1889 he was appointed, 
by President Harrison, postmaster at De- 
Pere; but, at the expiration of the Presi- 
dential term, resigned, for political reasons, 
although no fault had been found by the 
general public with his performance of 
the duties of the office. It will readily be 
perceived that Mr. Armstrong is a Repub- 


lican in politics, and as such has been 
elected three terms as alderman, in which 
capacity he is now serving. For one 
term, also, he served as president of East 
De Pere village, and in all public offices 
he has discharged his duties with credit to 
himself and to the public. In religion he 
is a birthright member of the Presbyterian 
Church, and in 1874 was also admitted, 
by profession of faith, as a member of the 
church at De Pere, of which body he is 
now an elder, and has always lived up to 
its teachings. 

On March 25, 1851, Mr. Armstrong 
WHS happily married to Miss Rebecca 
Rogers, a native of Nova Scotia, and a 
daughter of David and Hannah (Hadley), 
Rogers, who ended their life pilgrimage in 
Mr. Armstrong's land of birth. To the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong have 
been born two children. Viz.: Ale.xander, 
horn January 4, 1852, married to Mary 
Haniudi, and now residing in Chicago, 
111., and W'illiam S., born January 2, 
1863, and now a resident of Green Ba}-, 
Wis. William Armstrong is, strictly 
speaking, a self-made man, having in- 
herited nothing from his father, who was 
reduced from most excellent circumstances 
b\' the failure of Joseph C. Cunard, ship- 
builder and ship-owner. But Mr. Arm- 
strong has ever been a moral man, has 
been enterprising and industrious, and is 
now retired with a comfortable com- 

the earliest and best-known resi- 
dents of Preble township. Brown 
county, is a native of Cortland 
county. N. Y., born in the town of Preble, 
May II. 1825. 

His father, Jonathan Aldrich, who was 
a farmer, first saw the light in Vermont, 
where he inarrietl Amelia Gains, and to 
tills union were born children as follows: 
Jonathan, who died about 1890, at Am- 
herst, Portage Co., Wis.; Penelope, who 

married Caleb Blanchard, and died in 
Lewis county, N. Y. ; Olive, who was first 
married to Horatio Howard, and later to 
William H. Bruce (she died on the farm 
of our subject); Amelia, who married 
Francis Gilbert, and died at Green Bay; 
Delight, who was married to Royal 
Jacobs, and died in Michigan; Valentine, 
who died in Cooperstown, Manitowoc 
Co. , Wis. ; Amasa G. , who died in Preble, 
Cortland Co., N. Y. ; Asa H., who died 
in Brown county. Wis.; Samuel M., who 
died on the farm of his brother, C. N. ; 
Gains D., who died in Green Bay; 
Chauncy N., specially mentioned further 
on; and Rexville R., deceased in infancy. 
The father of this family was a life-long 
agriculturist, and made his home in New 
York State for many years, dying August 
13, 1838, in the town of Scott, Cortland 
county; he was buried in Preble, same 
county. His wife, who survived hirn 
many years, passed away June i, 1S71, 
in Preble township, Brown Co., Wis., at 
the home of her son Chauncy N., and her 
remains now rest in a privatfe cemetery 
on his farm, where she was laid at her 
own recjuest. She was a member of the 
Methodist Church. Jonathan Aldrich 
was a Democrat of the "Jacksonian 
stripe, "and a very stanch adherent of the 

Chauncy N. Aldrich is the sole survi- 
vor of the family of twelve children born 
to Jonathan and Amelia (Gains) Aldrich. 
He received such an education as the 
common schools of his time afforded, and 
was reared a farmer boy, residing at home 
up to the time of his father's death. The 
latter had requested him to go west to 
Brown county. Wis., and make his home 
with his brother-in-law, William H. 
Bruce, until he reached his majorit)', and 
after attending school one year longer he 
left his native place for the " Far West." 
as Wisconsin was then considered. He 
made tlie journey by wagon to Syracuse, 
by canal to Buffalo, anil thence by lake 
on the boat "Illinois," Capt. Blake (her 
first trip), to Mackinaw, where he waited 


for a boat to Green Bay. He took pas- 
sage oil the "Gov. Marcy, " and arrived 
at his destination October 24, 1839. His 
brother-in-law, Mr. Bruce (above men- 
tioned), was a general merchant at Green 
Bay, and young Aldrich resided with him 
for seven years, engaged at various kinds 
of labor, driving team, working on the 
farm, and in fact doing anything that 
presented itself. 

At the age of twenty-two Mr. Aid- 
rich was united in marriage, at Green 
Bay, with Miss Amanda Porter, who was 
born at Coeymans, N. Y. , daughter of 
John Porter. Mr. Aldrich, in the mean- 
time, had saved a few dollars, and shortly 
after his marriage located on the farm 
where he has ever since resided, and 
which then belonged to his brother-in- 
law, Mr. Bruce. At the time our sub- 
ject came here there was not a building 
between the farm and Green Bay, antl 
the roads had to be cut out as he went 
along. The old house which he first oc- 
cupied is still standing. Here he has 
since niad6 his home, with the exception 
of one year, when he lived in Stephens- 
ville, Outagamie county. Mr. Aldrich 
has been a farmer and stockman, and he 
has seen his land converted from its 
primitive condition, the forests sup- 
planted by fertile fields, all representing 
many years of hard, unremitting toil. 
When he first located here wild animals 
abounded, deer and wolves being especi- 
ally numerous. His farm consists of 160 
acres of good land. 

To Mr. and Mrs Aldrich have been 
born nine children, a Isrief record of them 
being as follows: Arthur N. is a resident 
of Larimer county, Colo. ; Amelia is the 
wife of John Coppens, cf Humboldt town- 
ship; Olive is married to Henry Rock- 
well, of Preble township; Lavina married 
Charles Sidel, and died in Wausau.Wis. , 
leaving four children; Madison is a resi- 
dent of Preble township; Chauncy N. 
died when three months old; William is 
living at home; Delight is the wife of 
Fred Rockwell, of Preble township; 

Porter lives at home. Politicall}- a Demo- 
crat, Mr. Aldrich has been one of the 
stanch supporters of the part}' in his 
township, and has been called on to 
serve in many positions of trust, such as 
chairman of the board, in which capacity 
he has served for twenty years, at various 
times, at one time holding the office when 
his jurisdiction extended over what is now 
six townships. He has also served two 
years as townsliip treasurer, and has been 
justice of the peace, filling every position 
with credit to himself and satisfaction to 
his constituency. In religious connection 
Mrs. Aldrich is a member of the Baptist 

FRED. P. GROSS, a well-known 
citizen of Fort Howard, Brown 
county, was born in 1863, in Mor- 
rison township. Brown Co., 
Wis., and was educated in the schools of 
the locality. His parents, John G. and 
Margaret (Moschel) Gross, were born in 
Germany, near the "wild and winding 
Rhine," the father coming to this vicinity 
when a young man, about 1852, and set- 
tling on a farm in the woods. For some 
years subsequent to 1871 he was pro- 
prietor of a sawmill, and he and his wife 
are now residents of Morrison township, 
Brown county. Their children are: Car- 
oline, wife of Frank Falk, of Seymour, 
Wis. ; Louisa, wife of Joseph Leonard, of 
Medford, Wis. ; August, married and re- 
siding in Morrison township, wliere he 
operates a sawmill; , John, married and 
residing in Fort Howard, engaged in the 
saloon business; Fred. P, , the subject of 
this article; Maggie, wife of Daniel 
Schunk, of Morrison township; Sophia, 
wife of William Peters, of Bullion, ^^'is. ; 
Christina, wife of Charley Furstenburg, 
also of Bullion, and Godfrey, residing 
in Fort Howard. 

Our subject resided on the home farm 
and was engaged in milling pursuits until 
April, 1 889, when he located at Fort 



Howard, embarking the following year in 
the saloon business on Broadway. He is 
a Democrat in politics, and in the spring 
of 1894 was elected supervisor of the 
Third ward, Fort Howard, his opponent 
being A. L. Gray. In 1.S90 he was mar- 
ried, in Morrison township, to Miss Minnie 
Lapnovv, a native of that township, 
daughter of Fred Lapnovv, and they have 
two children: Laura and Minnie. Mr. 
Gross, with his wife, belongs to the Lu- 
theran Church, and he is a member of the 
F. tV A. M., Despres Lodge, No. 85, of the 
American Legion of Honor, and of the 

JOHN COOK, fashionable merchant 
tailor, and proprietor of the opera 
house at De Pere, Brown county, is 
a native of that city, born March 21, 
1856, a son of |ohn and Catherine 
(Dwyer) Cook. 

The father of our subject was a na- 
tive of Germany, a tailor by trade, and 
came to the United States with his par- 
ents, who settled at Tiffin, Ohio, in 1832. 
In 1848 he came to De Pere, and in 1849 
established a merchant-tailoring establish- 
ment. In 1858 he purchased a farm of 
hfty-cight acres one-half mile south of 
Fast De Pere, and upon it moved his 
family, but retained his business in the 
village until his death. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics, served as chairman of 
the board of supervisors some eight or 
nine years, was a member of the Catholic 
Church, and was regarded as a man of 
the strictest integrity. His wife, Mrs. 
Catherine (Dwyer) Cook, was born near 
Dublin, Ireland, and came to the United 
States with her brothers and sisters, set- 
tling in the northern part of Illinois, in 
Lake count}', in which State she became 
acquainted with Mr. Cook. Her death 
took place in i860, and iicr remains lie 
interred beside those of her husband in 
the Catholic cemetery, just south of 
Green Bay and cast of Shantytown. Mr. 

and Mrs. Cook had born to them a family 
of three children, viz. : Mary, who mar- 
ried Albert Martens, of De Pere; Isadore 
William, who went to California twenty 
3ears ago, and John, the subject of this 
sketch. The last named was educated 
in the De Pere schools, and was taught 
his trade by his father. In the fall of 
1882 he began merchant tailoring on his 
own account, and has since been at the 
head of the trade in De Pere. On April 
10, 1888, he opened his opera house to 
the public, and has found it to be a profit- 
able investment; the building is a frame 
structure, with an auditorium 60 .\ 114 
feet, and has a seating capacity for six 
hundred persons, but, on extraordinary 
occasions, from nine hundred to one 
thousand can be crowded within its walls. 
In politics Mr. Cook is Democratic, 
in 1890 was elected alderman from the 
First ward of De Pere, and proved him- 
self so efficient that he was re-elected in 
1891 ; in religious faith he is a member of 
the Catholic Church. In the fall of 1888 
he was married to Catherine Rooney. who 
was born in Canada, and one child, Cyrill, 
has blessed this union. Mr. Cook has 
led a life of integrity and industry, and is 
recognized as one of the solid men of 
De Pere. 

JH L.\ST, general freight and pas- 
senger agent at Green Bay for the 
Green Bay, Winona cS; St. Paul, the 
Kewaunee and Green Bay & Western 
Railroad Companies, is one of the most 
popular, courteous and obliging railroad 
officials to be found in the State. 

Mr. Last was born at Green Bay, in 
1848, a son of John and Sarah (Green) 
Last, the father a native of near Lt)ndon, 
luigland, tiie mother of New York. Some 
time in the "thirties" John Last immi- 
grated to .America, and comintr to Wis- 
consin settled in Green Bay. Me dieil in 
1884; his widow is still a resident of 
Green Bav. .\fter receiving a liberal ed- 



ucation at the schools of his native town, 
our subject commenced active business 
life in the service of the /\merican Ex- 
press Company as messenger between 
Green Bay and Oshkosh, Wis. This po- 
sition he held for about one year (1866), 
and then accepted a engagement as clerk 
for the Chicago & Northwestern Railway 
Company at Fort Howard, remainingthere 
three years, at the end of which time he 
embarked in mercantile business in Green 
Bay. At the close of si.\ years, his in- 
clinations tending more toward railroad 
work, he entered, as clerk, the general 
freight offices of the Green Bay, Winona 
& St. Paul railroad. In the fall of 1882 
he went to Chicago as general agent 
for the Milwaukee & Northern railroad, 
being located there until the spring of 
1883. We ne.xt find our subject in Den- 
ver, Colo., where he was in the service 
of the Claim Department of the Union 
Pacific railroad till 1887, in which year he 
returned to Green Bay. Here he was lo- 
cal agent for the United States Express 
Company some two }'ears, when (1889) 
he was appointed to his present position, 
to which, by his wide experience and gen- 
eral qualifications, he is admirably 

of the peace, and one of the most 
extensive farmers of De Pere 
township. Brown county, was 
born November 18, 1836, in Belgium, son 
of Peter J. Goffart. The latter was a 
gardener and store-keeper, and also fol- 
lowed the business of dyer, besides 
various other occupations. He had eight 
children — five sons and three daughters — 
of whom Ferdinand is the second child 
and eldest son. 

Our subject first attended the village 
schools, and then for two years went to a 
graded school, receiving a very fair educa- 
tion, all in French. It was the intention 
of his parents to educate him for profes- 

sional life, but, his father dying when he 
was sixteen 3'ears old, he was obliged to 
leave school and assist in the support of 
the family. Concluding he could better 
his condition by coming to the United 
States, he bade farewell to his home and 
friends, and in the spring of 1857 sailed 
from Antwerp on the "John Elliot," 
landing at New York after a voyage of 
fifty-six days. His destination was Green 
Bay, Wis., and thither he proceeded from 
New York by rail and water, arriving 
August 8. The first work he did in the 
New World was on a piece of land in the 
town of Scott, Brown Co., Wis., which 
he abandoned after some time, and hard 
work, and later he went to Bay Settle- 
ment; proceeding to Red River township, 
Kewaunee county, he prospected for land; 
but, not being satisfied, he returned to 
Green Bay. In the following spring 
(1858) he came to De Pere township, 
Brown county, and here purchased about 
one hundred acres of land, paying there- 
for eleven hundred dollars. On this 
tract he erected a round-log house, 1 4 x 16, 
which was the first building on the place, 
and there was only one other house be- 
tween it and De Pere. He immediately 
set to work to clear up the land, which 
was densely covered with timber, princi- 
pally beech and maple, but he also found 
some pine, black birch, elm and ash 
trees; on one part of the land was a heavy 
growth of "sugar bush." After much 
hard work he succeeded in clearing space 
enough to put in a crop, the first being 
rye, and as the years passed the entire 
tract gradually became a well-cultivated 
farm. In June, 1858, Mr. Goffart's wid- 
owed mother had come hither, bringing 
the remainder of the family, but the 
greater part of the responsibility rested on 
Ferdinand. She died in Rockland town- 
ship. Brown county, in 1888, and was 
buried in De Pere cemetery. 

On March 9, 1861. Ferdinand Goffart 
was imited in marriage in Fremont coun- 
ty, Iowa, with Miss Julia E. Frederick- 
son, who was born in Burlington, Racine 



Co. , Wis. , and to this union were born 
twelve children, eight of whom are now 
living, vi^. : Sylvester, a resident of the 
State of Washington; Mary C, now Mrs. 
Oscar Barkman, of St. Paul, Minn. ; 
Adaline, a Sister in the convent at De- 
troit; Noah, residing in the State of 
Washington; Isabella, Sister in the con- 
vent at Chicago, 111. ; Sedonia, at home; 
and Emily and Julia, both of Detroit, 
Mich. Those deceased are Christiana, 
Charlotte S. , Mary S. and Francis B. 
The mother of these died in 1882, and 
was buried in De Pere cemetery. On 
September 24, 1882, Mr. Goffart was 
married in De Pere, for his second wife, 
to Pelagie Bell, who was born December 
31, 1 85 1, in Belgium, daughter of Remy 
Bell, and came to the United States in 
1865. To this marriage were born chil- 
dren as follows: Victor B. (deceased), 
Rachel, Isaac, Rebecca, Moses, Zipporah 
(deceased), and Aaron. Immediately after 
his marriage to Julia Frederickson, Mr. 
Goffart went to South Dakota and took 
up a homestead at Elk Point, on the Mis- 
souri river, where he remained for nearly 
two years. He then removed to Iowa 
City, Iowa, and while there enlisted, on 
August 9, 1862, in Company G. Twenty- 
second Iowa V. I. , for three years. He 
served to the close of the war, and was 
discharged in July, 1865, in Savannah, 
Ga. , being mustered out at Davenport, 
Iowa, and during his entire service he 
was never on the sick list, and was never 
wounded. Upon his return home from 
the army he went back to Dakota, and 
thence, after a residence of two years 
more, removed to Detroit, Mich., and for 
one summer acted as superintendent of a 
farm near that city. Then, in 1868, he 
came to his present farm in De Pere 
township. Brown Co., Wis., which at 
that time was in a totally unimproved 
condition, and here he has ever since 
made his home. He now owns 225 acres 
of excellent land, and is one of the most 
extensive agriculturists of his section. He 
has labored much and endured many 

hardships in the clearing and subduing of 
his land, and during his residence here he 
has seen the entire surrounding country 
transformed from a wilderness into fertile 
farms. He and his estimable wife are 
now about to live a retired life. During 
his service in the Civil war Mr. Goffart saw 
a great deal of the South ; he is a well-read 
man and an observer, and is possessed 
of no small stock of general information. 
During the war he was a Republican, but 
he has since been a member of the Demo- 
cratic party, and is a strong supporter of 
its principles, always voting that ticket 
in State and National elections, but in 
township and county affairs he exercises 
his franchise according to the dictates of 
his own conscience. He has been elected 
to various offices in his township, has 
been member of the school board, clerk 
of same, and is at present serving as jus- 
tice of the peace, an office he has held 
with eminent satisfaction to all for the 
past fifteen years. He and his wife are 
members of the Catholic Church. 

from the Second ward. Fort 
Howard, is now serving his first 
term in that capacity. He is also 
engaged in gardening, and for the past 
nine years has been janitor of the Second 
ward schoolhouse. He took the State 
census for a certain district in 1885, and 
has gathered statistics for the school cen- 
sus for eight years in succession. 

Mr. Cleeremans, who is a son of 
Frank and Josie (DeLang) Cleeremans, 
was born in 1850 in the village of Weert 
St. Georges, Belgium, and came with his 
parents to the vicinity of Green Bay in 
1867, the family settling on a farm in the 
forest of Scott townshiji. The father 
died in 1876, the mother in 1871. Alex, 
is one of the family of five sons, the other 
four being: Charley, a gardener of Fort 
Howard; John, working at the carpenter's 
trade in the same citv: I'rank, a farmer 



in Scott township; and Henry, a savvyt-r 
or setter in the mills at Oconto. Alex, 
received his education in Belgium, in 
both the Belgian and French languages. 
He aided his father in clearing and im- 
proving the Scott township farm, and 
after coining to Fort Howard, in 1871, 
worked in the McDonald mills, and for 
the government in the stone quarry. In 
1877 he went to Oregon, thence two 
months later to Nevada, where he worked 
in the mountains, getting out mining 
timber for McKay & Fair. He came 
home in the latter part of the same year, 
by way of California and Oregon; from 
1880 till 1886 was tie inspector for the 
Chicago & Northwestern railroad, and 
now owns a fine garden tract of four 
acres within the city limits. He was 
married, in 1874, in Duck Creek, town 
of Howard, to Miss Sophia Simoens, who 
was born in Cleveland, Ohio, daughter of 
Frank and Theresa (Houters) Simoens, 
natives of Belgium, who settled near Fort 
Howard in 1857, on a farm in Howard 
township. Her father now resides in Fort 
Howard; her mother died January i, 
1886. Of their eight children three are 
living: Nettie, wife of Bernard Vaner- 
beck; Mrs. Cleeremans; and Henry, of 
Fort Howard. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Cleeremans are: Celia, Joseph, 
Rosa, Angelina, Anna, Lucy, Willie and 
Laura. Mr. Cleeremans is a Democrat 
in politics, and was elected several times 
to Congressional and Senatorial conven- 
tions. He is a member of St. Joseph's 
Society of Green Bay, and, with his wife, 
belongs to St. Patrick's Catholic Church. 

PETER HERBER, an energetic 
young farmer of Howard town- 
ship. Brown county, was born in 
New York, Mav 6, 1855, a son of 
John and Elizabeth (Fuchs) Herber. 

John Herber was born in Rotherburg, 
Germany, A]iril 14. 1816, left his home 
at the age of thirteen \ears, and was em- 

ployed as a laborer through the country. 
On November 15, 1854, he married, and 
the same year started for the United 
States via Liverpool, the voyage from 
that port to New York occupying six 
weeks, .\fter working in a stone quarry 
in New York until 1856, he came to 
Wisconsin, and first settled in Eaton town- 
ship. Brown county, where he resided 
twelve years, cleared up a farm, for two 
years rented one, and then bought his 
present place of fifty-seven acres in How- 
ard township. This tract was partly im- 
proved, and for seven years he made his 
home in the log house then on the prem- 
ises, afterward moving into his present 
handsome and convenient dwelling. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Herber was born in Bavaria, 
Germany. January 23, 1824, but lost her 
parents when she was a little girl. 

Peter Herber is an only child, and has 
always lived under the parental roof. He 
was reared to the useful pursuit of farm- 
ing, and on October 25, 1881, married 
Miss Karoline Breuninger, a native of 
Green Bay, born October 2, 1857, and a 
daughter of Karl and Sophia (Huenger) 
Brneninger, the former of whom was born 
at Shrotsburg.Wurtemburg, Germany, No- 
vember 23, 1818, and in 1840 came to 
the United States, and for a year lived in 
the State of Delaware: he next went to 
Ohio, and four months later came to 
Wiscon.=;in and settled in Green Bay, 
where his death occurred March 3, 1866. 
He was a son of John Breuninger, an old 
school-teacher, who was born in Kocher- 
stertien. and there died; his wife, Sophia 
C. Phaff, was born February 17, 1800, 
in Hermer.sberg Castle, and her death 
took place October 9. 1834, at the place 
where her husband's death occurred. 
Karl Breuninger. as mav well be sup- 
posed, was a hisfhly-educated man, and 
was emploved in clerical work. His wife, 
Sophia Huenger. w^as born in Saxony, 
and is now a resident of Preble township. 
Brown county. 

To the union of Peter and Karoline 
Herber have been born three children, 



viz.: Henry J., October 4, iS8j; Peter 
K., Febriiar\- 15, 1884; and Karl F., 
October 4, 1886. After his marriage 
Mr. Herber settled down on the old 
homestead, and has increased his posses- 
sions to eighty acres, which he devotes to 
general farming. Both father and son 
have been hard-working, industrious men 
and worthy citizens, and to illustrate in a 
small way the hardships of pioneer life it 
may be mentioned that the elder Mr. 
Herber, on first settling, was obliged to 
pawn his coat in order to obtain an axe 
wherewith to chop wood, so scarce was 
mone\' in that day. In politics, both 
father and son are Republicans, the 
father having cast his first Presidential 
vote for Abraham Lincoln, and the son 
for Rutherford B. Haves. 

JOHN CONNELLY, proprietor of 
the •• Pine Cirove Hotel," and a suc- 
cessful, self-made man, of De Perc 
township, Brown county, is de- 
scended from Scotch-Irish ancestry. He 
was born March 25, 1840, in Quebec, 
Lower Canada (now known as the Prov- 
ince of Quebec), a son of Michael Con- 
nelly, who was a native of county Lim- 
erick, Ireland. 

When a young man Michael Connelly 
immigrated to Canada, where he married 
.Mary Hamilton, a native of County Don- 
egal, Ireland, and to their union were 
born fifteen children — four sons and 
eleven daughters — seven of whom are yet 
living. Michael, who was a farmer in 
Quebec, in the fall of 1865 came with his 
family to De Perc, Brown Co., Wis., later 
moving to Bay Settlement, same county, 
and here for some time worked in a saw- 
mill. He then removed to Bcllevuc town- 
shi]i, where he had purchased a partly- 
improved farm of 140 acres, and there 
made his home for a number of years, 
finally returning to De Pere township, 
where he and his wife are now passing 
their declining years. Two of the daugh- 

ters, Mary Jane and Jennie, also came to 
De Pere in 1865. Mr. Connolly is a 
Democrat in politics, but he takes no ac- 
tive interest in party affairs. 

John Connelly, the subject proper of 
these lines, lived with his parents until he 
reached the age of seventeen, at which 
time he commenced to work in the lum- 
ber regions. Up to that period he had 
received no schooling whatever, but he 
then attended a night school, where he 
received a fair common-school education, 
the instruction being in the French lan- 
guage, which he learned to read and write. 
He was two years in Wilkinsonville, 
Mass., near Worcester, working in cotton 
factories and mills; from there went to 
Lower Canada and bought a farm of ninety 
acres, which he sold, and then located in 
Belleville, Upper Canada (Ontario), where 
he again attended night school. On July 
17, 1865, Mr. Connelly was married in 
Belleville to Miss Mary McDermott, a 
native of Canada, daughter of Michael 
McDermott. At this time our subject had 
about one thousand dollars, everj' cent of 
which he had saved from his own earn- 
ings. In October, 1S65, he returned to 
De Pere, Wis., and worked for one year 
for Reed in a sawmill, thence going to 
Bay Settlement, in Scott township. Brown 
county, where he was employed for seven 
years as foreman and superintendent of a 
sawmill, and as foreman in the woods. 
About 1867 he purchased 160 acres of 
land in Bellevuc township. Brown county, 
and the family resided there off and on, 
never making a permanent home there, 
however, until 1888, as Mr. Connelly's 
work took him to various places. For 
many years he was in the employ of Anton 
Claus and other lumbermen, and for four 
years resided at Angelica, Wis., where he 
was superintendent of a sawmill. In 1S71 
Mr. and Mrs. Connelly, while residing in 
the town f)f Scott, lost everything in the 
great fire that broke out there on the 
night of October 7, and which destroyed 
the sawmill, as well as ;.ll thi' siirmund- 
ing buildings, including the boarding 



house, besides the cattle, horses, etc. 
Mrs. Connelly and her children escaped 
from the boarding house with nothing but 
their night clothes, and, taking to the 
woods for their lives, succeeded, after a 
desperate fight with fire and smoke, in 
reaching a clearing, where they were in 
comparative safety; but the infantjohnnie, 
whom the mother carried in her arms, was 
so injured by the heat that it died a few 
months afterward. Mrs. Connelly, as 
soon as possible, went to the home of her 
parents in Belleville, Canada, there to re- 
main till her husband should have a new 
home prepared, and in the meantime he 
and his crew were fighting the flames, 
which continued in great fury for three 
weeks. Prior to the fire Mr. Connelly 
had been working as engineer for a saw- 
mill in Brussels township. Door county; 
but as there was considerable danger of 
fire, of which there was a good deal 
throughout the woods at that time, he 
left there for Scott township, and the 
very night of the breaking out of the fire 
in the latter locality a conflagration burst 
out in Brussels township, which destroyed 
everything for miles around, no less than 
sixtv people being burned to death, in- 
cluding the man Mr. Connelly had en- 
gaged to take his place; and our subject, 
on visiting the spot shortly afterward, saw 
sixteen charred bodies of his old comrades 
lying close together. 

After the fire in Scott township, Mr. 
Connelly put up a mill for Anton Claus 
on the spot where the burned mill stood, 
and this he superintended some ten 
months. His wife and children having 
returneif from Canada by this time, he, in 
1888, moved with them to his farm; but 
after two years he removed to Little River 
in order to superintend the erection of a 
mill for Marshall & Holmes. After this 
he again returned to the farm, and re- 
mained there until I 891, in which year he 
came to Pine Grove, where he now con- 
ducts the "Pine Grove Hotel," of which 
he is proprietor. He is the owner of 227 
acres of land, all representing years of 

hard work and thrift. His success has 
been the direct result of his own individual 
energy and good business management, 
coupled with industry and a strong deter- 
mination to win. His long and varied 
experience in the lumber business made 
him one of the most competent managers 
in that line, and at different times he had 
as many as one hundred men under his 

Mr. Connelly has taken an active and 
leading interest in the welfare of his town- 
ship and county, and is recognized as a 
progressive, loyal citizen. He has served 
his community in various capacities, hav- 
ing been chairman and supervisor of Belle- 
vue township for eight years, and for 
twelve years he was a member of the 
school board, acting as director and treas- 
urer. In his political affiliations Mr. 
Connelly was a Republican until 1884, 
since when he has been non-partisan, 
voting for the best man, regardless of 
party lines. He is not an advocate of 
free trade, but believes in tariff reduction. 
In religious connection he and his wife are 
members of St. Francis Catholic Church, 
De Pere. They had children, as follows: 
Lizzie, wife of Henry Nachtwey, a mer- 
chant of Pine Grove; Rosa, Mrs. Frank 
Novakafsky, of Green Bay; John, de- 
ceased in infancy; and John, Edward and 
Arthur, at home. 

early pioneer families of Preble 
township. Brown county, none 
are better known than the Heyr- 
man family, the first of whom to come to 
Wisconsin was John Heyrman (grand- 
father of Frank Heyrman), who, about 
the year 1856, came to the United States 
from Belgium, where he was a well-to-do 

John Heyrman married in his native 
country, and there three sons were born 
to him: Charles L. , who is mentioned 
farther on; John B. , editor of a news- 



paper at De Pere; and Joseph, now de- 
ceased, who was a civil engineer at Green 
Bay. The mother of these died on the 
ocean, while the family were cii route for 
America, and was buried at sea. From 
the port of landing the father and sons 
came by rail to Chicago, 111. , thence by 
water to Green Bay, Wis., where they 
arrived May 4, 1856. Here they made 
but a short stay while deciding on a place 
to locate, and then made a settlement in 
Preble township, where Mr. Heyrman, 
who was a man of considerable means, 
purchased a farm of 160 acres, the same 
liis grandson Frank Heyrman now re- 
sides on. At that time not a tree had 
been felled, nor a habitation of any kind 
erected by white men; but they soon 
had built a log cabin, in which they re- 
sided until 1868, when it was supplanted 
by a more substantial residence, which 
still stands. The land was densely 
covered with oak, pine, hemlock and 
maple trees, and, in the low places, ash 
trees, and wild animals were still numer- 
ous and troublesome. But the forests 
soon gave way before the axe of the pio- 
neer, and the cleared land not only af- 
forded support for the family, but yielded 
a comfortable income as well. On this 
farm John Heyrman passed the remainder 
of his life, dying August 25, 1874, a 
member of the Catholic Church, and he 
was buried in the Finger Church ceme- 
tery. Prior to his decease his two younger 
sons had left home and engaged in busi- 
ness, Charles L. alone remaining on the 

Charles L. Heyrman was born Septem- 
ber 8, 1827, in Belgium, and, as will be 
seen, was nearly thirty years of age when 
he came with his father to the United 
States. In Brown county. Wis., on Jan- 
uarv 6, 1857, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Monica Van Lent, also a native 
of Belgium, and they immediately settled 
on the home farm with his father, and 
there made a permanent home. To their 
union were born six children, of whom 
Frank is the subject of this sketch; Mary 

is the wife of Martin Lindsley, of Belle- 
vue township; Celia is married to Julius 
Lamal, of Humboldt township; Edward 
died in 1893 at the age of twenty-four 
years; two sons died in infancy. Mr. 
Heyrman was very successful, and became 
one of the leading farmers in his town- 
ship, continuing to live on the home farm 
until his death, which occurred Septem- 
ber 8, 1889, when he was just sixty-two 
years old, and his remains now rest in the 
Finger Church cemetery. He was a 
Catholic in religious faith, and one of the 
founders of the Church of the Holy Mar- 
tyrs of Gorcum, in Preble township, of 
which for many years he was a leading 
member. Mr. Heyrman served as super- 
visor of his township; in his political 
preferences he was a Democrat, invari- 
ably supporting that party in State and 
National elections, but in township and 
county affairs he was non-partisan, the 
fitness of a candidate being more im- 
portant to him than party connection. 
Since his death his widow has resided on 
the home farm with our subject; she is a 
devout member of the Catholic Church. 
Frank Heyrman was born November 
25, 1858, in Preble township. Brown 
county, on the farm he now owns and 
resides on. He attended the first school 
ever held in his district, the "hall of 
learning" being a log cabin, and was 
among the first pupils the day it was 
opened, the teacher being Miss Aldrich, a 
daughter of C. N. Aldrich, of Preble 
township. At the same time he received 
thorough training to agriculture, under the 
direction of his father, on the home place, 
where his whole life has been passed. On 
February 19. 1889, our subject was 
united in marriage with Clara De- 
Greef, who was born in Humboldt town- 
ship. Brown county, November 27. 1865, 
daughter of Anton De Greef. who came 
from Belgium. Three children have been 
born to them, viz. : Louis, John and 
Kate, who represent the fourth generation 
of the Heyrman family who have lived 
on the farm. Politically Mr. Heyrman is 



a Democrat, and one of the leading- mem- 
bers of the party in his township, where 
he has held various offices of honor and 
trust. For two years he served in the 
important position of chairman of the 
township, and has also been assessor, 
proving himself an efficient and trust- 
worthy official. He keeps himself in- 
formed on the movements of his party, 
and is well read on all current topics, 
findinj; a great help in his excellent mem- 
ory. Though still young he is a respected, 
worthy representative of the farming 
community in Preble township, and is 
foremost in every movement of interest 
or benefit to his section. 

NIEf^S HANSEN, contractor and 
builder. Fort Howard. This 
gentleman, who was born in 1840 
in Denmark, is a son of John and 
Valburg (Holm) Hansen, and one of a 
family of nine children — five sons and 
four daughters — of whom seven are now 
living, all married: Peter, who lives in 
Prussia, and Johan, in Denmark, both 
blacksmiths; Niels, of Fort Howard; Iver, 
a shoemaker in Denmark; Mary, wife of 
Henry Terp, of Prussia; Anna, wife of 
Peter Lund, a Danish farmer; and Sarah, 
wife of John Zimmerman, of Prussia. 
Their father, who followed blacksmithing 
in early life, afterward became a farmer. 
His death occurred about 1878, and that 
of his widow in 1879, in Denmark. 

Niels Hansen grew to manhood and 
was educated in the vicinity of Kolding, 
Denmark, and during the war between 
Denmark and Prussia served two years 
( 1 863-64) in the Danish army. He learned 
his trade in that country, following it until 
coming to Fort Howard in 1872, in which 
place he is now the oldest contractor. 
Among the many buildings he has erected 
are those of R. M. Wilson, J. L. Jorgen- 
sen, Mrs. Blesch, James Treman, the 
Presbyterian church, Kellogg National 
Bank, Jorgensen & Blesch Company's 

store at Green Bay, L. Gotfredson's resi- 
dence in the same city, and others. Dur- 
ing the busy season he furnishes employ- 
ment to from fifteen to twenty-five hands. 
His own residence, one of the finest in 
Fort Howard, was built in 1891. Aside 
from this he owns four other dwellings in 
the city, from which he derives rental. 
His property has been accumulated 
through untiring industry and close econ- 
omy, and in his declining years will serve 
to furnish him the means for living with- 
out the necessity of hard labor such as his 
former years have experienced. As a 
good citizen he takes avowed interest 
in all that ma)- contribute to the growth 
and prosperity of his city. Mr. Hansen 
was united in marriage, in 1875, to Mary 
M. Peterson, daughter of Anders and 
Mary Peterson, all natives of Denmark, 
where her parents remained. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Hansen are Bertha, 
John, Lizzie and Alvin, and of these, 
John, who is now eighteen years of age, 
holds a position as clerk in the McCart- 
ney National Bank. In political matters 
Mr. Hansen is actively interested, voting 
with the Republican party. Socially he 
is a member of Green Bay Lodge, No. 19, 
I. O. O. F., also of Mystical Seven Coun- 
cil, No. 519, I^oyal Arcanum, in which 
latter organization he has served one 
term as treasurer and two terms as trus- 
tee. He and his wife are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

PETER HOSKENS, a well-to-do 
agriculturist of De Pare township. 
Brown county, was born Feb- 
ruary 4, 1838. in East Flanders, 
Belgium, son of Peter J. and Catherine 
Hoskens, farming people of that countr\'. 
They had a family of thirteen children — 
six sons and seven daughters — of whom 
our subject is the eleventh. 

Peter attended the schools of his birth- 
place until he was eleven years of age, 
when he commenced farming, working 



for his father and others, performing such 
labor as his age would permit. He re- 
mained in his native country until he 
reached the age of twenty-six, when he 
went to France, and there worked on 
railroads for a time; he was also employed 
(1867J at work on the then forthcommg 
Paris Exposition. Concluding he could 
improve his condition by coming to the 
United States, Mr. Hoskens returned to 
his native country, and bidding his home 
and friends farewell, set sail August 20, 
1868, from Antwerp for Liverpool, Eng- 
land. At that port he took passage on 
the "Colorado," and after a voyage of 
thirteen da\s landed in New York, from 
which city he came, with several others of 
his countrymen, to Green Bay, Wis., ar- 
riving September 8. He remained over 
night with John Martin, at the " United 
States Hotel, "and the next day, Sunday, 
came to De Pere. Mr. Hoskens had 
saved a small sum from his earnings, but 
his passage to the United States cost 
three hundred francs, and by the time he 
reached De Pere he had onl\' twenty 
francs with which to begin life in his new 
home. He secured work in a brickyard 
opposite De Pere, remaining there until 
the season closed, in November, and then 
went to Suamico, Brown county, where 
for a short time he was employed 
in the mills. He next went to Stiles, 
Wis. , and remained all winter, work- 
ing in the hmiber mills and in the 
woods, where he became thoroughl}' famil- 
iar with the hardships and dangers in- 
cident to lunibering, and the prixations 
which inust be endured in camp life. But 
this occupation, though dangerous, was 
very ])opular, as in those earl)' da\s it 
was a very lucrative business, and was 
an important industry in pioneer times. 
After hnishing his work in Stiles our sub- 
ject returned to De Pere, and there re- 
mained until the spring of 1870. when he 
wont to Delta county, Mich., at which 
place he lookout his naturalization jiapers. 
Here he worked at railroading and char- 
coal-burning until 1873, when, having 

saved some money (eight hundred and 
forty dollars), he concluded to pay a visit 
to his native country. He sailed from 
New "^'ork to Liverpool, thence to Ant- 
werp, where he arrived in June, 1873. 
On May 16, 1874, he was united in mar- 
riage, at his old home, with Miss Louise 
Van Kemoortel, who was born June 25, 
1836, a daughter of Joseph and Celia 
Van Remoortel, and shortly after their 
marriage the young couple sailed from 
Antwerp on the "Switzerland," bound 
for New York, from which city they came 
by rail to De Pere, Wis. In the mean- 
time Thomas Hoskens, brother of our 
subject, had come to the United States 
and purchased the farm now owned by 
Peter, in De Pere township, and for a 
short time they made their home with 
him. But Peter, not wishing to take up 
farming at that time, again went to Delta, 
Mich., resuming his old occupation, 
though he had to work for less than half 
of what he had before received. He lived 
there, however, for three and a half years, 
and then, in .\ugust, 1878, returned once 
more to De Pere township, and purchased 
his present farm from his brother Thomas, 
paying eight hundred dollars for forty 
acres. Here he has since been engaged 
in general farming and stock-raising, and 
he has improved his farm and added 
thereto until it now comprises sixty acres. 
In 1 89 1 the residence on the place was 
burned, and the following year he built 
the present comfortable home of the 
family, which is the most substantial farm 
residence in the township. The place is 
also equipped with commodious out- 
buildings. Our subject is a self-made 
man in the fullest sense of the word, and 
his success shows what man may do with 
plenty of energy an<l a determination to 
win. Coming to America a poor man. 
he has. by inclustry and pluck and strict 
attention to his business, made for him- 
self a comfortable property and gained 
the respect of his fellow citizens for hon- 
esty and integrity. Mr. Hoskens votes 
independently, and does not take any 


active part in political matters. In re- 
ligious connections he and wife are mem- 
bers of St. Mary's Catholic Church, De- 
Pere. They have had one child, Joseph, 
who was born on the farm in De Pere 
township, January 29, 1879, and is at 
present attending the De Pere High 
School. He is the only heir of Peter and 
Louise Hoskens, the only living child of 
the three they had by their marriage, and 
the only one for whom they live and work. 
On him they base all their hopes, and, 
therefore, wish to give him a good edu- 
cation. The lad's father says he would 
like him to be something better than a 
farmer, not that he (the father) has any 
distaste for the vocation, but probably 
thinks Joseph should take up one of the 
professions. Grandfather Henry Hoskens 
had six children, five of whom were mar- 
ried, but left only two children, Peter and 
Thomas. The latter has six daughters, 
three of whom are Sisters in the Order of 
Notre Dame, the inclination of the other 
three being in the same direction. The 
•family, as far back as known, have be- 
longed to the Roman Catholic faith, and 
Peter Hoskens says that if his son Joseph 
follows their rule, " the laws will be of no 
use to him, for not one of the family has 
ever come before the law." 

most extensive manufacturer of 
cooperage of every kind in the 
Northwest, with his plant at Green 
Bay, was born December 8, 1832, in 
Sidney Plains, Delaware Co., N. Y. , a 
son of Solomon and Amy (Whitney) Brit- 
ton, who were natives of New England, 
the father having been born in Massa- 
chusetts and the mother in Connecticut. 
In 1806 Solomon Britton removed 
from his native State to Albany county, 
N. Y. , and later to Delaware county, 
where he was married. He followed his 
vocations of farmer and cooper in both 
counties until 1850, in that year coming 

to Green Bay, Wis., where he died in 
1854, his wife in 1856. Walter Whitney, 
the maternal grandfather of our subject, 
was a resident of Albany, N. Y. ; at the 
age of fifteen years he enlisted in the 
patriot army, and served throughout the 
Revolutionary war. The Brittons, who 
are of French extraction, settled in Amer- 
ica during Colonial da3's, and members of 
that family also served in the war for 
American independence. To the union 
of Solomon and Amy Britton came nine 
children, all born in the State of New 
York, and all deceased with the exception 
of D. W. Britton. the subject of this 
sketch; of the remainder — Dorcas died at 
Long Lake, Minn., in 1884; Walter in 
Knox county. 111., in 1888; Nicholas, at 
Buffalo, N. Y. , in 1869; Emaline, at 
Freeport, 111., in 1850; Julia, in Indiana, 
in 1 874; the other three died in New York 
State — ^Hannah, in 1838, at the age of 
seventeen, and two in infancy. 

D. W. Britton was educated in the 
schools of Delaware county and Buffalo, 
N. Y. At the age of eighteen he moved 
with his parents to Green Bay (previous 
to which he had resided four years in 
Ashville, N. Y.), and the same year 
opened out the cooperage business on 
premises beginning at the confluence of 
the East and Fox rivers, retaining that 
yard one year, after which he moved to 
the present site of the Green Bay Car- 
riage Co., holding possession here until 
1867, when he removed to his present 
extensive yards and shops, which are now 
the largest establishment — or promise to 
be, to say the least — of any of the kind 
in the great Northwest. In little over 
three decades a business has been estab- 
lished that would, in the conservative 
countries of the Old World, have taken 
several generations to build up. With 
shops supplied with every description of 
the most desirable machinery required in 
the business; with his immense yards, 
filled with every form of lumber demanded 
by his trade, Mr. Britton's operations are 
seen to require a more than ordinary ex- 









ecutive abilit}- and a knowledge of detail 
that would dismay the ordinary mind. 
The manufactory and contingents oc- 
cupy nearly fifteen acres, and Mr. Brit- 
ton's operations e.xtend into twelve dif- 
ferent States, in itself significant of what 
great advantage to the city such an insti- 
tution must be. One hundred and thirty 
men, on an average, are employed, and 
allotting a family of three to each man 
(the lowest estimate allowed by statis- 
ticians), it would indicate a population of 
nearly four hundred, all of whom depend 
for their subsistence upon the enterprise 
and ability of Mr. Britton. Illustrative 
of hii methods it ma}" be mentioned that 
all workmen are regularly paid each Mon- 
day — a consideration of great moment to 
the poor man. and one which frees him 
from the clutches of debt, that monster 
that follows close in the train of the 
monthly payment system. It is not only 
better for the workman, but a great 
desideratum with the merchants who sup- 
ply his daily needs. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Britton 
is a Republican, and under the auspices 
of that party has most satisfactoril}- served 
as alderman of Green Bay three terms; he 
has also done good service on the board 
of health, on the school board, and one 
term as fire warden. He was one of the 
promoters and organizers of the Fair and 
Park Association, was its first president, 
serving two years, and is at present one 
of its directors. He is a stockholder in 
the Kellogg National Bank, and is always 
one of the first to assist in any enterprise 
tending to promote the public good. So- 
cially he is a member of Washington 
Lodge, No. 2 1, F. & A. M.. and of the 
I. O. O. F.. Lodge No. 19. 

Mr. Britton was first married, in 1853, 
to Miss Frances Daggett, a native of New 
York, whose father, E. Daggett, came to 
Wisconsin years ago, locating first at Ke- 
nosha, and afterward, in 1X52. engaging 
in the manufacture of shingles at Green 
Bay; he died in Suamico township. Brown 
county. Mrs. Frances Britton died the 

year of her marriage, and in 1855 Mr. 
Britton wedded Jerusha Kelsey, who was 
reared in Green Bay; she died in 1856, 
the mother of one child, who died when 
one year old. Mr. Britton's third mar- 
riage was solemnized in 1859, the lady of 
his choice being Laura Strickland, whose 
death occurred September i, 1890. This 
union was blessed with two children, 
Elmer E., married, and Sarah Josephine, 
who died at the age of two years and eight 
months. For his fourth wife Mr. Britton 
married, October 18, 1892, Amy Thrall, 
a native of New York. Mr. Britton is 
one of the oldest and most prominent fig- 
ures in the commercial circles of Green 
Bay, as well as one of the most e.xtensive 
business men of the Northwest, and his 
experience has extended over the most 
progressive periods in the history of Green 
Ba}- and Brown countv.' 

JOHN Mcknight, an esteemed and 
prosperous farmer of New Denmark 
township, is a native of the land 
of Erin, born in 1833, son of John 
and Bridget fFrawley) McKnight, the 
former of whom was a farmer. Our sub- 
ject was the eldest in their family of five 
children, namely: John, Margaret, Mar- 
tin, Michael and Catherine. 

About 1847 the family sailed for 
America, and during the six-weeks' voy- 
age the father died and was buried at 
sea. The mother and children landed at 
Quebec, thence traveling to Burlington, 
Vt., where they lived one year, and then 
returned to Quebec, where Mrs. McKnight 
purchased some property, and there 
passed the remainder of her life. John 
McKnight remained with his mother sev- 
eral vears after coming to .\merica and 
then moved to Cleveland. Ohio, where 
he lived about three years, principally 
engaged in farming. From there he went 
to La Fayette. Ind , where he worked as 
day laborer for about a year, after which 
he migrated to lirown county. Wis,, and 



entered the employ of the Two Rivers 
Company, continuinj; to work for them 
several winters, in the summer time doing 
farm labnr. 

In 1S59 he was married to Miss Mar- 
garet Smith, also born in Ireland, daugh- 
ter of James and Mary Smith, who died 
when she was a child; she came to the 
United States when about twenty-five 
years old. After his marriage Mr. Mc- 
Knight bought forty acres of wild land in 
New Denmark township, and a few years 
later added an adjoining fort)-acre tract, 
subsequently making other additions to 
the place, which now comprises 1 18 acres, 
all of which he has cleared and improved 
himself. To Mr. and Mrs. Mcknight 
have been born ten children, viz. : Michael, 
Catherine. Mary, Margaret(Mrs.T. Arens), 
John, Martin, Julia, Bridget, Honora and 
George. The family give twelve mem- 
bers to the Catholic Church. Politically 
Mr. McKnight is a Democrat, but not a 
strong partisan, and does not aspire to 
office, though he has served as school 
director. He is much respected in his 
community, where he is regarded as a 
faithful, loyal citizen. 

very popular liveryman of De- 
Pere, Brown county, was born 
September 15, 1843, in York- 
shire, England, and is a son of Roger and 
Ann (Stevenson) Handeyside, who were 
the parents of nine children, William 
being the eldest. In April, 1849, Roger 
Handeyside, who was a shepherd in the 
old country, sailed from Hull, England, 
for Quebec, Canada, the voyage lasting 
forty-three days. After experiencing 
many " ups and downs " in Canada, the 
family came to the United States in 1858, 
settling in Wayne county, Mich., where 
several members still reside. The father 
is now eighty-two years of age, the mother 
died November 10, 1877. 

William Handeyside has earned his 

living since he was fifteen years old, and 
until he reached the age of twenty-one 
gave all his earnings, like the dutiful son 
that he was, to his parents. As a dutiful 
citizen, also, he enlisted, November 18, 
1864, in Company C, Thirtieth Mich. V. 
I., and served until June 17, 1865, prin- 
cipally on detached duty. He then re- 
turned to Michigan, and worked at farm- 
ing and broom-making ; ne.xt went to 
Kentucky; thence back to Michigan; then 
to Green Bay, Wis. ; thence to Marquette, 
Mich., where he was employed a year 
and a half as teamster at the Morgan 
Iron Furnace, No. i, and worked himself 
up to engineer of Furnace No. 2. In 
August, 1868, he came to De Pere, and 
for nine years was employed as en- 
gineer for the Fox River Company; then 
was employed at E. E. Bolle's Wooden- 
ware Co.'s Works, as engineer and fore- 
man in the lumber yard; thence went to 
Glenmore township, where he conducted 
a mill and store for his employers; then 
returned to De Pere and organized the 
VanGalder & Handeyside Co., for making 
imitation cedar cigar-box lumber, and at 
the end of a year became sole proprietor 
of the plant, but was soon afterward burned 
out. In June, 1889, he became a member 
of the firm of Thiele & Handeyside, now 
the most popular and successful livery 
men in the city of De Pere. 

On January 19, 1873, Mr. Handey- 
side was united in marriage with Miss 
Blanche Packard, daughter of John and 
Diantha (Hannon) Packard, the former a 
native of Canada, the latter of New York 
State. Mrs. Hande3'side is the seventh 
child in a family of nine, the other eight 
being Winslow H., who served three 
years in the Union army and died Sep- 
tember 13, 1874, leaving a wife and two 
children, Mary and Cynthia; Florence A., 
now the wife of John Handeyside, her 
former husband, John Leach, having been 
killed in the Civil war; William P., of 
Canton, Wayne Co., Mich. ; Silas J., who 
died at the age of twenty-seven; Cynthia, 
now Mrs. William McKinstrey, of Jack- 



son, Mich. ; George W. , who died at the 
age of ten; Martha, who died at the 
age of nineteen, and Elbertie, now on 
the homestead at Canton, Wayne Co., 
Mich. The father of this family, who 
was a pioneer of Wayne county, Mich., 
died May 20, 1886, his wife following 
him to the land of eternal rest December 
2, 1888, both dying at the age of sixty- 
eight years. Mr. Handeyside and his 
wife are both Baptists in their religious 
belief, but there is no church of that de- 
nomination at De Pare with which to af- 
filiate. In politics he is a Republican; 
socially he is a member of the Soldiers' 
Relief Committee, appointed by the county 
judge, and is also a member of the F. & 
A. M., I. O. O. F., K. of P., G. A. R., 
and Temple of Honor. He has won a 
high place in the confidence of the busi- 
ness men of the community, and is highly 
esteemed in a wide circle of social ac- 
quaintances. Mrs. Handeyside is a 
member of the Women's Relief Corps of 
the G. A. R. , and of the Social Temple — 
the latter an au.xiliary degree of the Tem- 
ple of Honor — and enjoys, \\\t\\ her hus- 
band, the respect of all ac(]uaiiitances. 

CARL G. MUELLER (deceased), 
well-known and highly respected 
in his day in both county and 
State, was born January 8, 1834, 
in Sa.xony, Germany, and in 1852 came 
to America with his father and a brother 
and sister, his mother having died in the 
old coimtry when he was but three years 
old. The family, on arriving in the United 
States, located near Milwaukee, Wis., and, 
for about two years, Carl G. clerked in 
a general store in the village of Calumet 
and other localities, in 1856 settling in 
"Wrightstown, Brown county, where for 
two years he clerked in a hotel. He then 
opened a general store in the village, 
which was one of the first in this section, 
and practically succeeded to the business 
interests of the Wrights, who were the 

founders of the place. In August, 1861, 
he married Miss Mary Thompson, who 
was born December 9, 1841, in Gran- 
ville, a suburb of Milwaukee, one of a 
family of nine children born to William 
and Frances (Ouinette) Thompson, the 
former of whom was a native of Scotland, 
and an early settler in Milwaukee county. 
Wis. He died in Wrightstown at the 
age of seventy-three; his wife, who was 
born in France, is still living in Wrights- 
town. Of the thirteen children born to 
the marriage of Carl G. and Mary Mueller 
six sons and one daughter have been 
called away. The survivors are Charles 
W. (whose name opens this sketch), 
Emma, Mary, Clara E. , Gertrude and 
Selma. Mr. Mueller continued to carry 
on his general store after his marriage, 
and was honored and respected by the 
entire community until the day of his 
death; and, indeed, his memory is still 
cherished with affection by those who 
knew him. He was a gentleman of a 
most enterprising spirit as well as of phil- 
anthropic disposition; was prosperous as 
a merchant, and invested his profits in 
large tracts of wild land, giving poor per- 
sons every opportunity to buy a home 
cheaply and get a start in life. It was a 
prominent trait in his character that in 
old times, when the country was new and 
money scarce, he would advance all need- 
ful supplies, and even money, to the poor 
and rich, alike. In fact, all had unlimit- 
ed credit, as can be readily testified toby 
the old residents; to which fact, however, 
sad to relate, he lost the greater portion 
of his estate (which at one time was esti- 
mated to be worth over one hundred 
thousand dollars), many of those whom 
he had befriended when in need refusing 
to pav their obligations when they found 
themselves in more prosperous circum- 
stances. For years he ran the ferry 
across Fox river, and afterwanl built and 
operated the first bridce across that river, 
at this place a floating bridge. He built 
the "American House," the best hotel in 
the town, and was landlord of same; 



also built and operated a brewery on 
the west side of the village: started the 
first sawmill in Wrightstown, and a few 
years later also opened a general store and 
built a sawmill in Ashland, Wis. Just 
prior to his death he sold the Ashland 
mill, however, and after his demise the 
entire business at Ashland was closed up. 
Mr. Mueller was a devout Christian, ac- 
tive in religious work. He assisted in or- 
ganising the first Lutheran Society in 
Wrightstown, gave the ground on which 
to build a church, much of the timber 
necessary for the building, and a good 
portion of the cash requisite for its erec- 
tion. It is said of him by the residents 
of Wrightstown that he gave sites for and 
helped, financially, all the churches and 
schools on the east side of the villiage of 
Wrightstown. In politics he was a life- 
long Democrat, and for over twenty-live 
years was postmaster, also filling several 
other local offices with honor and credit 
at different times. He was the architect 
of his own fortune, and was in every re- 
spect a representative self-made man. 
His funeral took place from the Lutheran 
Church December 15, 1886, and was the 
largest ever seen in this part of the coun- 
try; so great, indeed, was the attendance 
of Germans, Americans and others, that 
two sermons were delivered, one in Ger- 
man and the other in English. His 
death was a sad blow to the entire com- 
munity, as he was not onl\' a friend to the 
individual members thereof, but was also 
looked upon as one of the fathers of 
Wrightstown. His estimable widow still 
has her residence at the old home, sur- 
rounded by her children and every com- 
fort calculated to make life desirable. She 
is a devout member of the Catholic 
Church, a kind and lovable woman, a 
noble mother, and a model of honor in 
her daily walk throutrh life. 

CHARLES W. MUELLER. the eldest 
son of this honored gentleman, was born 
in W'rightstown township. Brown Co., 
W^is. , December 27, 1862. He is now 
the manager of the estate, and displays a 

rare business talent, which already marks 
him as one of the future representative 
men of his county. He has filled several 
local offices, and is at present clerk of the 
village and township, which responsible 
offices he has filled with credit for the 
past two years. He is a graduate of Ap- 
pleton high school, and he and his sisters 
have been reared to a faithful observance 
of the doctrines of the Catholic Church. 
From an early day he was his father's 
chief assistant, and, after the death of the 
latter, successfully conducted the large 
business in all its details, until his own 
marriage, when he wound up the business 
and has since had charge of the estate 
and everything pertaining to it. He was 
wedded in 1886 to Miss Louisa Delger, a 
native of Calumet county. Wis., and 
daughter of August and Estina Delger, 
both of whom are now deceased. Two 
children have blessed this union, viz. : 
Edwin and Irene. Socially Mr. and Mrs. 
Mueller stand in the front rank in their 
community, and as a business man he has 
the respect of all acquaintances. 

AUGUST HAESE, prominent as a 
farmer and sawmill owner of 
Morrison township. Brown county, 
was born Januarx' 10, 1843, in 
Northern Prussia, son of Christoff Haese, 
a farmer. 

At the age of eleven years our subject 
emigrated, in company with his brother, 
John Ferdinand, to the United States, 
landing in New York, thence coming di- 
rectly to Manitowoc county. Wis., where 
a brother, a sister, and a brother-in-law 
were then living. Although a mere lad, 
August, after attending school a year, 
went to work in the woods at shingle 
making, then an industry pursued alto- 
gether by hand. Early in the spring of 
1 860 he went to Spring Lake Prairie, and 
for eight months worked on a farm at six 
dollars per month. He saved his earn- 
ings here, and also the money he earned 



later near Ripon, in Fond du Lac county. 
In the latter part of August, 1862, he re- 
turned to Manitowoc county, enlisted in 
Company' F, Twent\-sixth Wis. \'. I., 
and was sent to Milwaukee, whence, after 
two weeks' drilling, he was returned 
home on account of being too young for 
a soldier and his father refusing to sign 
his enlistment papers. For a few years 
following he worked in the northern part 
of the State in sawmills and at lumbering, 
and then, in January, 1867, in company 
with his brother Ferdinand and another 
comrade, he settled on Section 22, in 
Morrison township, where the three 
erected a sawmill in a dense forest, the 
nearest road to the mill being the old 
stage road, one and a half miles west. 
Here, on the Branch river, the partner- 
ship lasted for a year and a half, Mr. 
Haese at that time buying his partners 
out and forming a new firm, comprising 
himself and his brothers Ferdinand and 
Albert, who for seven years worked sol- 
idly together, and consequently prospered. 

On January 15, 1869, Mr. Haese 
married, in Cooperstown, Wis , Miss Ma- 
tilda Olp, who was born in Milwaukee in 
1850, a daughter of Ferdinand Olp, a na- 
tive of Prussia. The young couple went to 
housekeeping in a log cabin that stood 
north of their present fine residence 
which Mr. Haese erected in 1883. The 
children born to this union were as fol- 
lows: Helena, who died at the age of 
seventeen; Louisa, now Mrs. Louis Falck; 
Robert C. , an assistant of his father; Ida. 
Emma and Bertha, at home; August, who 
died at nine years of age; and Julia ftwin 
of August), who lives at home; Arthur, 
also at home, and Ella, the survivor of a 
twin that died at birth. 

The Haese brothers remained together 
in business until 1876, when August 
bought the interest of the other two; fine 
year after his making this purchase his 
mill was destroyed bv fire. He had n<> 
insurance and but little capitnl left, but 
he had good credit, the ne.\t best thing to 
cash, and, probably a better thing yet. 

an unimpeachable character for integrity. 
Three solid contractors were an.xious to 
secure the job of rebuilding, knowing full 
well that their pay would be certain if the 
life of Mr. Haese were spared, and that 
they would be fully reimbursed for their 
cash outlay and expenditure of time. So 
the mill was rebuilt, and paid for by Mr. 
Haese, and now, for twenty-seven years, 
he has been continuously and prosperously 
conducting the business on his own prop- 
erty — a tract of 160 acres. In i86g he 
added farming to his milling industry, and 
has been as successful as an agriculturist 
as he has been as a mill man. This farm 
was literally hewn out of the woods, but 
is now a model of thrift and beauty and 
skillful culture. 

Mr. Haese's political proclivities are 
Democratic, but he prefers active busi- 
ness interests to the ephemeral ones of 
party politics, and wisely has never been 
an office seeker. He and his family are 
members of the Lutheran Church, and 
for six years he has been a deacon. His 
aim has always been to be a good citizen 
and so to train his children, and there is 
no family in the township that stands 
higher socially than his. When it is re- 
membered that he had no assistance in a 
pecuniary sense in his start in life; that 
his mother died when he was but three 
years of age, and that he was reared 
without the fostering care of the parent, 
who, as a rule, imparts the virtuous les- 
sons that from infancy onward make the 
man what he ought to be morally, it be- 
comes a matter of wonder that he has 
succeeded so well; and it may be inci- 
dentally added that his course through 
life is well wortiiy the emulation of the 
vouth of our land. 

NII:LS RASMISSI-:N. on«> of the 
well-to-do fanners of Gicnmorc 
township. Brown comity, was 
born November II. 183S. in the 
Kingdom of Denmark, si>n of Rasmus 



Christensen, who was employed as a farm 
hand by a large landowner for forty years, 
and who died in Denmark, as did also his 
wilo. They were the parents often chil- 
dren — four sons and six daughters — of 
whom Niels is the eldest son and the sec- 
ond child in order of birth. 

Niels Rasmnssen attended school in 
his native country from his seventh to his 
fourteenth year. He was reared to farm- 
ing, which he continued to follow until he 
was twenty-one years old, about which 
time he joined the army, serving seven- 
teen months. In 1863 he again joined 
the army, also in 1864, during the war 
with Prussia, and while in the service was 
never wounded, though his clothing was 
pierced by a ball. On March 16, 1866, 
he married Miss Hannah Neilson. who 
was born June 2 1839, (daughter of Niels 
Anderson, a farmer in comfortable cir- 
cumstances), and attended school from 
the time she was seven years old until she 
reached the age of fifteen. One child was 
born to this union in Denmark, Mary, 
now the wife of J. P. Christenson, of 
Glenmore township. Brown county. After 
his marriage Mr. Rasmussen worked as 
a laborer for a grain merchant on the 
Island of Moen, Denmark, until 1869, in 
the spring of which year, bidding their 
native land farewell, he and his little 
family proceeded from Copenhagen to 
Hull, England, and thence to Liverpool, 
where they took passage on the " North 
America" on April i, setting sail for 
America. The boat was bound for 
Quebec, but as it was early in the season 
the ice compelled them to put in at Port- 
land, Maine, and they landed there on 
the 14th of .\pril. They had tickets for 
Green Bay, Wis., whither they came via 
Chicago (where a sister of Mrs. Rasmus- 
sen was living), arriving at their destina- 
tion, April 21, straiifjers in a strange land, 
and totally unacquainted with the English 
language. The family remained in Crccn 
Bay while Mr. Rasmussen went to Gh^n- 
more township, where a brother resided, 
and during that summer he worked as a 

farm hand, also making shingles and do- 
ing anything else he could to earn an 
honest dollar to support his family. In 
the fall of 1869 he purchased a piece of 
land in section 24, Glenmore township, 
but through some mistake commenced 
clearing the wrong tract, and it was not 
until 1884, after much e.xpensive litiga- 
tion, that he finally secured a clear title 
to his land. He now has a fine farm of 
1 20 acres, all of which has been cleared 
by him, or under his direction, a laborious 
task, and one which occupied many years. 
But from being a poor man he has, by 
honest industry and assiduous toil, become 
a well-to-do farmer and landowner. 

He and his wife had five children 
born to them in Wisconsin, namely: 
Charles, Lawrence, Andrew and Alfred, 
all living, and Niels, who died in infancy. 
The sons, who are all hard-working young 
men, have been of great assistance to 
their father in the cultivation of the farm, 
which is one of the best-improved places 
in the township, the buildings being ex- 
ceptionally fine, and the barn one of the 
most commodious in the vicinity. In 
politics our subject is not an ardent party 
man, voting usually for the best man re- 
gardless of party, and he has served as 
school director in his township. He and 
his wife are members of the Lutheran 
Church of Denmark, and they are known 
and respected throughout their commu- 
nity as kind-hearted, hospitable people. 

FELIX LUROUIX, Fort Howard. 
The pioneer settlers in the Green 
Bay region had many difficulties 
to encounter in the early days, 
but they were, for the most part, hardy 
and persevering men, and more than one 
lived to see his final trimriph over them all. 
Among these there hri\c been persons of 
various nativities, all aliki- struggling to 
acquire a competence, and all developing 
into excellent citizens, public-spirited and 



alive to the best interests of their com- 

Fehx Lurquin was born in 1842, in the 
village of Blanden, Belgium, son of Joseph 
and Mary (Haazendonk) Lurquin, who 
had a family of five children, as follows: 
John B., married and residing on Elmore 
street, Fort Howard, where he is engaged 
in gardening; Collett, wife of John B. 
Vanderveken, residing in Belgium; Felix, 
our subject; and August and Leonie, both 
residents of Belgium, the latter the widow 
of Bernard Nakaars. The parents both 
died in the old country in the same month 
in 1893, the father aged eighty-six and 
the mother eighty-four years. 

Mr. Lurquin was educated and grew 
to man's estate in Belgium, and in 1865 
was married in that country to Miss Rosa- 
line De Vroy, daughter of Franz and 
Johanna (Kattersoll) De Vroy, all natives 
of the same country, where her parents 
passed their entire lives. Upon coming 
to Green Bay, in 1866, Mr. Lurquin found 
employment as a day laborer, and in the 
fall of 1867 removed to Fort Howard, 
settling where he now resides, on Dous- 
man street. Purchasing four acres of land 
from Mr. Elmore he engaged in garden- 
ing, and subsequenth' added a considera- 
ble area to this original small tract, still 
owning twelve acres, besides which he 
sold fourteen acres and gave eight and a 
half acres to his children. In 1876 he 
built his present brick residence, and is 
the owner of the fine brick Fink block 
on Dousman street, which he purchased 
in 1893. In politics Mr. Lurquin is a 
Democrat, and takes an active interest in 
the workings of his party; he was city 
marshal of Fort Howard for five years, 
serving twice in that capacity, and for two 
years he was superintendent of streets, 
but he is by no means an office-seeker. 
He and his wife are members of St. Willi- 
brord's Catholic Church at Green Bay. 
When they built their home at Fort 
Howard it was in the woods, but tJie place 
has grown beyond its then narrow con- 
fines, having developed to a degree per- 

haps never anticipated by its pioneer set- 
tlers, and their home is now within the 
city limits. Mr. Lurquin has adhered to 
industrious habits, and by perseverance 
has accumulated the property he now pos- 
sesses. When he and his wife arrived in 
this country, in 1866, they were without 
money, and all that they succeeded in 
gathering together has been acquired by 
hard labor and assiduous industry: at the 
present writing he has an independent 
competence, and is counted among the 
substantial citizens of Fort Howard. He 
is a worthy example of the pioneers who 
hewed out a home in the midst of a forest, 
and from a start of nothing secured a 
comfortable property by patient toil. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Lurquin 
are: Joseph, who married Frances Deu- 
ster, and resides in the same house with 
his parents (they have one child, Henry); 
and Nettie, the wife of Ferdinand De- 
Volder, of Fort Howard, who has one 
daughter, Rosaline (she had a son who 
died February 14, 1894). 

the respected self-made farmers of 
l^ellevue township. Brown coun- 
ty, was born April 20, 1840, in 
Belgium, son of Gregg Van Calster, a 
blacksmith, who had eight children — 
four sons and four daughters- — of whom 
Eniile is the eldest. 

Our subject atteniied the schools of 
Belgium until he was eleven years old, 
after which, for eight years, he was em- 
ployed in the thread mills. When about 
twenty years old he commenced to learn 
the trade of painter, in which he con- 
tinued five years. Then, in tin- spring of 
1865, he sailed from Antwerp, and after 
a voyage of fourteen tiays landed at New 
York City, thence immediately coming to 
Wisconsin, anil on Jinie I landing at 
Green Bay, eighty <lollars in debt, as he 
had borrowed to |)ay the expenses of the 
journey. In Green Bay he secured work 



at his trade, which he continued to follow 
until 1872. In the meantime he had 
purchased thirty acres in Bellevue town- 
ship, where he now lives, at that time all 
new land, and put up the first dwelling, a 
24x28 house, liimself, removing thereon 
in 1S70. On December 25. 1867, Mr. 
Van Calster was married, in Green Bay, 
to Miss Hortense Uaix, who was born 
January 18, 1841, near his home in Bel- 
gium, a daughter of Anton Daix, who 
died in Belgium. In 1865, his widow, 
Mrs. Daix, came with her family to Wis- 
consin, our sidjject being also one of 
the party. 

To Mr. and Mrs. \'an Calster have 
been born the following named children : 
Joseph (who is a carpenter in Green Bay); 
Constance, Julius, and Sarah, at home; 
and two that died, Constance when seven 
years old, and .\lvinia, when two and a 
half years old. Since 1872 our subject 
has given his attention principally to his 
farm, and he now has 120 acres of fine 
land, all improved by himself, where he 
is engaged in farming, in connection with 
which he also conducts a dairy business, 
lindustry and good management have 
brought him success, and he is highly es- 
teemed in his to'wnship. Politically he is 
a Republican, and has served his township 
as road master. In religious belief he 
and his wife are Spiritualists. 

the intelligent, prosperous agricul- 
turists and self-made citizens of 
De Pere township, none is more 
deserving of mention than the one whose 
name is here recorded. He was born 
August I, 1842, in Belgium, a son of 
Peter J. Goffart, who was a merchant and 
landowner in his native land, and in com- 
fortable circumstances. He died when 
his son, Zacharie was twelve years old. 

Zacharie Goffart received all his edu- 
cation in Belgium, and when, about four- 
teen vears old, came with his widowed 

mother to the United States. They sailed 
from Antwerp in April, 1857, on the 
"Westphalia," and came via Quebec to 
Green Bay, Wis., where they arrived 
eight weeks after leaving their home. An 
older brother of our subject, Ferdinand, 
had preceded them to this country, and 
they all resided for a time in Green Bay 
township; but the land was poor, and 
they soon afterward moved to De Pere 
township, along the East river. In this 
region, which was then all in the woods 
and abounded with wild animals, Zacharie 
was reared to manhood, and, there being 
no lack of work he commenced early to 
assist in the clearing of the land. From 
De Pere the family later removed to 
Rockland township, where they resided 
seven years. 

On June 11, 1867, Mr. Goffart was 
married, in De Pere, to Miss Mary T. 
Daix, a native of Belgium, and to this 
union were born six children, four of 
whom are yet living, namely: Catherine, 
Ellen (a school teacher, of Peoria, 111.), 
Hortense (a school teacher at Steven's 
Point, Wis.), and Leo (living at home). 
The mother of these died November 10, 
1879, and was buried in De Pere ceme- 
tery, and on January 10, 1881, Mr. Gof- 
fart was married, in De Pere, to his pres- 
ent wife, Elizabeth Becher. She was 
born March 17, 1861, in New Denmark 
township, Brown county, a daughter 
of Joseph Becher, who was a native 
of Germany. To this marriage were born 
children as follows: Emily, Constant 
(deceased), Joseph, John, Edward, Zach- 
ariah, Elizabeth, and Flora (deceased). 
After his marriage Mr. Goffart first lo- 
cated in De Pere township, along East 
river, and then for seven years resided in 
Rockland township. In 1892 he removed 
to the city of De Pere, where he owns 
twenty acres within the corporation limits 
and forty-four acres outside in the town- 
ship, private claim No. 35. He has fol- 
lowed general farming and stock raising, 
and has met with encouraging success. 
He has seen the entire surrounding coun- 



try transformed from tfie woods to fertile, 
well-kept farms, and has himself taken no 
small part in the development of his sec- 
tion. He has been a hard-workin<; man, 
and by industry and energy has earned for 
himself a comfortable, well-improved farm 
and home. In his political afSliations he 
is a Democrat, but he does not take any 
active interest in party affairs, preferring 
to give his attention exclusivel}- to his 
private business interests; but, though 
not an aspirant for office, he has served 
as roadmaster in Rockland and De Pere 
townships. Though Mr. Goffart's early 
educational advantages were somewhat 
limited, he has acquired a good store of 
knowledge by reading and observation; 
he takes great interest in the newspapers 
( f his section, as well as others of general 
interest, and keeps himself well informed 
on current topics. He has ever been and 
is yet a very active man, always finding 
something to occupy his time. He has 
crossed the Atlantic five times, having 
paid two visits to his native home since 
coming to the United States, taking the 
first trip in 1 87 1. In 1893 he proceeded 
over the Baltimore & Ohio railway to 
New York, where he embarked on the 
Ked Star liner "Westerland" for Antwerp, 
and spent two months as a guest at the 
same house where he was born, as well 
as his mother and grandmother. Mr. 
Goffart has also journeyed throughout the 
Great West, for the benefit of his health, 
which was much improved, and all in all 
there are few farmers of his section who 
have traveled more extensively. 

P1-: r K K V A N D E R K I \ T K R. 
Brown county is indebted to the 
little kingdom of Holland for 
many of her most loyal and sub- 
stantial farmer citizens, prominent among 
whom in New Dcmnark township is the 
gentleman here named. He was lK)rii in 
Holland December 25, 181 S, a son of 
Beter and Anna (Cooper) \'anderkinler, 

who reared a family of seven children, 
named as follows: Jacob, Mary, Duke, 
Leona, Catherine, John and Peter. The 
father owned a small farm, which he cul- 
tivated, and by thrift and industry was 
enabled to support his family in comfort. 
Peter \'anderkinter lived with his par- 
ents until he reached the age of eighteen 
years, at which time he entered the army, 
remaining in the service ten years. He 
then sailed for America in company with 
two other young men, and landed in New 
York after a voyage of thirty-seven days, 
during which one of his companions was 
so seriously injured that he died a short 
time after landing; the other young man 
lived in New York State six years, and 
then returned to his native land. Our 
subject was penniless on his arrival in the 
New World, and found employment with- 
out delay, working first for a gardener in 
New York at four dollars a month, and 
later going to New Jersey, where he re- 
mained seven years, following the same 
line of work. Here he was married 
March 9, 1850, to Miss Anna Bush, and 
they came westward to Wisconsin. Mr. 
Vanderkiiiter working near Sheboygan as 
a farm hand for a year and a half, thence 
moving to New Denmark township. 
Brown county, where he took up eighty 
acres of land, a complete wilderness at 
that time, and set about the task of con- 
verting it into a pleasant, fertile farm. 
He and his wife lived with their nearest 
neighbor until the log shanty, 1 8 x 20. was 
ready for occupancy, and this was their 
home for se\en years, when a more sub- 
stantial one took its place; which in its 
turn was in course of time supplanted by 
the modern frame house now occupied by 
Frank Vanderkinter. The clearing of the 
land necessarily progressed slowly, for 
our subject had no team during the first 
six years, and therefore he had to hire 
such aid. working out bv the day to pay 
for it. All the trading had to be .lone at 
Green Bay, and. having to walk the entire 
disfanrc, a tri)i to town orrupied three 
(lavs. About fifteen years after his removal 



here Mr. Vanderkinter purchased another 
forty-acre tract of wild land, which he has 
also cleared and improved, the farm being 
well-equipped with outbuildings, and 
other accessories. 

To our subject and wife were born 
twelve children, as follows: Jacob, John, 
Rozina, Anna, triplets who died in in- 
fancy, Peter, Frank, Henry, Abraham 
and William, of which large family but 
four are now living: John, Frank, Henry 
and William. The mother of these 
passed from earth March i, 1885, and 
was laid to rest in New Denmark ceme- 
tery, deeply mourned by all who knew 
her. Frank Vanderkinter has always re- 
mained on the home farm, of which he 
now has the principal management, his 
father having retired from active work. 
On August 18, 1888, he was married to 
Miss Minnie Fager, daughter of August 
and Hannah Fager, and their union has 
been blessed with three children: Will- 
iam, Frederick and Henry. Politically 
Mr. Vanderkinter is a Democrat, but not 
active in party affairs. 

across the stormy Atlantic, in the 
quaint old German Fatherland, 
l£rncst Streckenbach and Nettie 
Miller, his wife, were bom. Both sought 
homes in the country of the stars and 
stripes, coming to Brown county. Wis., 
in the days when it was practically an un- 
broken wilderness. 

Mr. Streckenbach reached Green Bay 
in 1848, married, and settled in the woods 
of Pittsfield township, Brown county, 
where he erected a log cabin and began 
the improvement of his land. It may be 
readily imagined that the young German 
soldier found this life wonderfully differ- 
ent from what he had been accustomed to; 
but he bravely plodded ahead, and lived 
to see great changes accomplished in the 
region about him. Four children came 
to dadden the home: Edward C., now 

engaged in the boot and shoe business at 
Fort Howard; Pauline, wife of L. C. 
Schilling; Louise, teacher in the public 
schools of Milwaukee; and the subject of 
this sketch. Mrs. Streckenbach, who had 
also come with her parents to Green Bay 
in 1 848, was called upon in 1 863 to mourn 
the death of her husband, who passed 
away in that year. She subsequently be- 
came the wife of Henry Rathman, and 
bore him four children: Lena, now Mrs. 
Alvin Outland, of Green Bay; Clara, wife 
of W. W. Nuss, also of Green Bay; 
Emma, teacher in the public schools of 
the same city, and one deceased. 

C. W. Streckenbach was born in 1861 
in Pittsfield township, Brown Co., Wis. 
Coming to Green Bay at an early age, he 
acquired a common education in the pub- 
schools and at Prof. Murch's business 
college. At the age of thirteen years he 
engaged in the cooperage business in a 
plant, a portion of which is now owned by 
D. W. Britton. In 1885 the present 
wholesale firm of C. W. Streckenbach cS: 
Co. was formed. These gentlemen deal 
extensively in oysters and fish, and fur- 
nish employment at their establishment to- 
twelve or fifteen men. In September, 
1890, Mr. Streckenbach was united in 
marriage, at Stephenson. Mich., with 
Miss Maud Benjamin, a native of Mani- 
towoc county. Wis., where her father, 
Sumner Benjamin, was a respected pio- 
neer; he now resides at Stephenson, and 
is a millwright by occupation. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Streckenbach have been born 
two children, Sumner and Hazel. Mr. 
Streckenbach is a Republican in politics, 
and takes a becoming interest in the af- 
fairs of his party. He is a member of 
the Royal Arcanum, Council No. 546; 
also of Pochequette Lodge, No. 1 26, K. 
of P. His estimable wife, who was reared 
a Methodist, attends the services of the 
M. E. Church. 

In a region like that surrounding Green 
Bay, and having so many natural facili- 
ties for commercial advancement, the 
changes in a few years will necessarily be 



many, and, although yet a young man, 
Mr. Streckenbach has witnessed a re- 
markable development in the surround- 
ings of his home. The future is full of 
promise for this locality, and such repre- 
sentative men will be at the front in shap- 
ing its destiny along the lines of prosper- 
itv and usefulness. 

builder, commodore of the Green 
Bay Yacht Club, and former pro- 
prietor of the beautiful vessel 
"Merlin," said to be the safest, best 
equipped and fastest yacht on the lakes, 
has been a resident of Green Bay for over 
a quarter of a century, having come to 
the town when a boy. 

He is a native of Maine, born in the 
town of Medway, August 3, 1861, to Vin- 
cent and Eleanor (Fowles) Conley, the 
father a Canadian by birth, the mother a 
native of Maine. They were married in 
that State, and there Vincent Conley fol-' 
lowed the lumber business and carpentry, 
until 1 866, when they came west to Wis- 
consin, bringing their family. Settling for 
the time in Green Bay, the father worked 
in the shipyards, later building vessels 
for his own account, and finally engaging 
in the ice trade until 1884, when he 
moved to Sheboygan, establishing there 
an extensive ice business which he still 
carries on. Eight children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Conley, five of 
whom are yet living, namely: William, 
married, in business a boat builder; Etta; 
Horace J., our subject; Lincoln, and 
Lewis — of whom William, Etta and Lewis 
li\c in Fort Howard, Wis.; Lincoln, who 
is married, lives at Sheboygan. Wis. ; 
I-dward, who was married and resided at 
W'atersmeet, Gogebic Co.. Mich., where 
he was a notary public and townslii|) 
supervisor, died there July 19. 1894. 

Horace J. Conley, whose name intro- 
duces this sketch, received his education 
at the schools of Fort Howard and at 

Green Bay Business College, afterward 
learning the trade of boat builder, making 
himself conversant with all the details of 
the craft. In 1883 he commenced build- 
ing boats, yachts, etc., for his own ac- 
count, making a specialty of racing and 
sporting yachts of all descriptions, as well 
as ordinary sail boats, and he has built 
several boats that have "shown a clean 
pair of heels" to all competitors. His 
industry gives employment to some seven 
hands. In connection with his business 
Mr. Conley has naturally been deeply in- 
terested in yacht racing, in which his 
record places him "second to none," for 
he has proven that he can not only build 
boats, but that he can also sail them like 
the true " fore-an'-aft " sailor he is. 
Among the many yatch races in which he 
came off the victor may be mentioned the 
regatta at Chicago during the World's 
Fair, which was of more than local in- 
terest, as it attracted from all parts of 
the United States thousands of lovers 
of aquatic sports Besides winning the 
free-for-all race, his yacht, "Merlin," 
also beat, in private races, the schooner- 
yacht "Toxteth, " and sloop "Rambler," 
coming in ahead of the first- named by a 
quarter of an hour. She took first prize 
at the Milwaukee Yacht Club regatta held 
at Milwaukee. July 4. 1894, and first 
prize at the Green Bay Yacht Club regat- 
ta held at Green Bay, September 26, 
1894. In September, 1 S94, the "Mer- 
lin " was sold by Commodore H. J. Con- 
ley to Commodore J. D. Sarles, of Green 
Bav. Mr. Conley's "Empress" and 
"Vivian" are also famed for speed, the 
first-named being said to be the best 
finished yacht on the lakes; she won first 
prize in a race on Lake Oconoinowoc, 
without availing herself of her time allow- 
ance, the " \'ivian " coming in second. 
("The prize was a silver cup presented by 
Commodore Greene). In iS8('.. at the 
closing of the .season of the Oconomowoc 
Yacht Club, on the waters of La Belle, 
the "Mvian" captured tin- lirst prize. 
Among other .A 1 yachts built by Mr. ("on- 



ley ma}- be mentioned the fast sailor " Au 
Revoir, " for A. J. Chase, of Lake Crystal, 
Minnesota; schooner yacht "Oneida," for 
John C. Follett, of Green Bay, Wis., (she 
won first prize in her class in the Green Bay 
regatta held July 27, i<S94J; sloop "Em- 
ma," for Commodore Greene, which, in 
her maiden race, beat the "Empress" 
and ' ' Vivian " on Lake Oconoinowoc, July 
4, 1894, also on August 26, in a race on 
the same lake, between boats brought in 
from Pine and Pewaukee Lakes, again 
won first prize, this time against ten 
starters, the boats taking part in this race 
representing the best builders in the coun- 
try, some of them coming from New York 
and Boston. 

In 1889 Mr. Conlej' was married in 
Green Bay (where she was born) to Miss 
Clara M. Scheller, daughter of Albert 
and Louise Scheller, natives of Germany, 
whence several years ago they came to Wis- 
consin, settling in Green Bay, where Mr. 
Scheller conducted one of the first tailor- 
ing establishments of the place. He died 
in 1863; his widow is still residing in 
Green Bay. To Mr. and Mrs. Conley 
has been born one child, a charming little 
daughter, named Marie Vivian. Mrs. 
Conley is a member of the Moravian 
Church. Our subject is a member of 
Pochequette Lodge, No. 26, K. of P., 
Green Baj-, and of the Republican party. 
He was elected commodore of the Green 
Bay Yacht Club July 1 1, 1894. In addi- 
tion to yachts and boats, he is also manu- 
facturer of sails, tents, flags, awnings, 
etc. The family residence is at No. 300 
South Washington street. Green Bav. 

FELIX DROOG. This substantial, 
well-to-d") citizen of De Pore, 
pjrown county, is a native of Bei- 
ginin, where he was born Decem- 
ber 25, 1823. and educated, attending 
school up to the age of thirteen yenrs. 

He started out in h'fe for himself, first 
commencing to work as mason's assistant. 

afterward learning the trade of mason and 
bricklayer, at which he continued to work, 
and, being thrifty and economical, saved 
some money. On April 15, 1856, he was 
married in Antwerp to Bernardine Evard, 
who was born in Belgium in August, 1826, 
and a few days after their marriage they 
bade farewell to their friends and home. 
Mr. Droog had not to leave his native 
country because of the fear of coming to 
want in later life, for he had been re- 
warded with the National Recompense of 
two medals of honor for devoted acts of 
courage. The first medal (silver) he re- 
ceived in April, 1850; the second one 
(gold), also an engraving showing his 
courageous acts, received from the royal 
palace February 11, 1851. With this 
honor, he and his young bride set sail 
from Antwerp for America. They 
took passage in the "Mary Goodwin," 
and after a long voyage landed at Que- 
bec, Canada, whence they at once set out 
for their final destination. Green Bay, 
Wis. The journey from Ouebec occu- 
pied nine days, and they arrived in Green 
Bay July 14, strangers in a strange land, 
and with but fifteen dollars to commence 
life in the New World. For over a year 
after their arrival they resided with Greg- 
orie Bormans, in .\llouez township, and 
then moved to De Pere, where Mr. Droog 
obtained employment on the old stone 
school building, which was then in course 
of construction, and later took the con- 
tract for the mason work on the "Cali- 
fornia House." He continued to follow 
his trade at odd times for four and a half 
years, part of the time working for Joseph 
G. Lawton at seventy-five cents per day. 
Purchasing a lot in De Pere, he erected 
therpon the house in which the family 
still resides,' and, after some \-ears. pur- 
chased twenty acres of wild land in De- 
Pere township. The place was entirely in 
the woods, not astick havingbeen cut from 
it, and he at once set to work to clear and 
improve it; he never lived there, however, 
continuing to have his home in the town. 
He is energetic and industrious, and bv hard 



work and perseverance has accumulated a 
comfortable competence. He not only 
cultivated his original farm, but added to 
it gradually, until it now consists of fifty 
acres of productive land. In addition to 
his agricultural labors he also continued 
to follow his trade until 1.S92, when he 
abandoned it. For twenty-three years he 
had been employed to set tire-brick and 
do other repair work in different furnaces 
in the Fo.\ River Valley, many of which 
he had also helped to build. There are 
few men in the tov\'nship who luive toiled 
harder, but he has met with encouraging 
success in his efforts, and he is highly re- 
spected e\ery where for his sterling worth. 
Mr. and Mrs. Droog have been blessed 
with children as follows: Mary, Mrs. 
h'rankCalaway, of West De Pere; Leona, 
Mrs. August Matzke, of Glenmore; Jo- 
sephine, deceased wife of Mathias Matzke 
(she was a school teacher prior to her 
marriage); and Jennie C. and Henry J., 
at home. Mr. Droog is a Democrat in 
his political preferences, and in religious 
connection he and his wife arc members 
of St. Joseph's Catholic ("hurch. De Pere. 

steam tug "Charnly," has been 
sailing from the port of Green 
Bay since 1864, commencing on 
the steamboat "George L. Dunlap," and 
receiving his commission in i 868. 

He was born in Belgium in 1845, a 
son of Leopold and Rosalie (Noel) Denis, 
and in 1855 the family left their native 
land on the "Henry Reed," a sailing 
\essel, in fifty da\s arriving at New York 
City. Thence they proceeded to Hirffalo. 
N. '\'., where they passed tiieir first win- 
ter; from there, in the following sjiring. 
came by rail to Fond du Lac, Wis., and 
thence by team to Green Bay. In Bel- 
^'iiini the father had followed agricultural 
t)ursiiits, and, being desirous of contimiing 
the same vocation in the New World, 
i)ought 160 acres of totally uncleared 

timber land in Brussells township, Door 
Co., Wis., near Red river. This, how- 
ever, the family never cleared, nor even 
lived on, though in later years the father 
did some logging on it; but in Allouez 
township they lived for five years on Capt. 
Cotton's farm, where is now the cemetery 
of that township. He then bought a farm 
near the old military road, where he died 
January 22, 1892; his first wife had pre- 
ceded him to the grave in 1866. He was 
a Democrat in politics, and for eighteen 
years was assessor of his township. This 
coujjle had born to them children as 
follows: Joseph, the subject of this 
sketch; Victoria, wife of Frank Garrett, 
of Green Bay; Celestin R., residing at 
East De Pere, engaged as engineer and at 
farming; Louis, an engineer, who died in 
1891, at Appleton; Alfonsine, who died 
while cii route- to America; Charles, who 
died in Buffalo, N. Y. ; Leopold, an en- 
gineer, residing in Green Bay; Julia, wife 
of X. Parmentier, city clerk of Green 
Bay; Mary, wife of Alfonse Hugot, of 
Allouez; Rosalie, wife of Ralph Soquet, a 
druggist, and Charles, a resident of De- 
Pere. In 1867 Leopold Denis, father of 
this family, for his second wife married 
Honorine Istash, also a native of Belgium, 
and to this union were born seven chil- 
dren, of whom the living are Victor, 
Frank, James. Honorine and Louisa. 

Our subject was but ten years of age 
when he came to Green Bay, and was 
educatetl in the schools of that city and 
in Allouez t()wnshi|>. Until he com- 
menced boating he was employed on the 
farm; in 1882 and 1883, however, he was 
comiected with his brother, Leopold, in 
sawmilling, but contimied sleamboating 
between Green W.\\ and all lake ports as 
far as Chicago. In 1868 he was married, 
in Green Ba\, to Miss Mary Bri»iiielet. a 
native of l-'rance and a daughter of 
Nicholas Bricjuelet, at that time a resi- 
dent of .MIouez, wliere he died. Her 
brother, Joseph, came to this country in 
1856. and died in 1888. To the marriage 
of Capt. Denis have been born four chil- 



dren, viz.: Agnes (deceased in 1891) was 
the wife of Joseph Coel, a clothing mer- 
chant; James is a salesman with Joannes 
Bros. ; and Lucy, and Joseph, also clerk- 
ing with Joannes Bros. The Captain in 
politics is a Republican; fraternally he is a 
member of the Royal Arcanum; in relig- 
ious faith he and his wife are members of 
St. John's Catholic Church. Their fine 
residence in Green Bay is located at No. 
325 Van Buren street, and is centrally 
situated. The Captain takes a lively in- 
terest in the progress of the city, is high- 
ly respected both on the lakes and on 
shore, and is recognized as a useful, sub- 
stantial citizen. 

farmer of Holland township. 
Brown county, was born in North 
Brabant, Holland, February 10, 
1849, a son of Derk and Antonet (Van- 
Roy) Vanderheiden. 

The father of our subject was a 
farmer, and was twice married, first to 
Petronella Van de Nymelenberg. who bore 
him seven children, and died November 
9, 1847. The father then married, No- 
vember 30, 1848, Antonet Van Roy, who 
has bore him six children, viz. : Peter, 
our subject; George B. ; Mary, deceased; 
John and Bardine (twins), and Mary (2). 
In 1850 the parents came to America, 
landing in New York, thence coming 
directly to Wisconsin. They settled in 
Holland township, where the father 
bought 160 acres of land in the wild 
woods, from which was carved out the 
splendid farm where our subject now lives. 
It would be superfluous to here relate the 
primitive manner in which the farm was 
reached and hewed from the wilderness. 
The courage and the endurance of the pio- 
neer have been depicted a'*' housand times, 
and the experience of the Vanderheiden 
family was that of all others in like cir- 
cumstances. Suffice it to say that the 
family prospered, but that it was for a 

period of thirty years that they lived in 
the 20 X 30 log cabin that originall\- occu- 
pied the site of their present substantial 
stone dwelling. 

Peter Vanderheiden was faithful in 
aiding his father in developing the home- 
stead, and was alwa5's a hard worker at 
home, with the exception of a few months 
during the winters, when he worked for 
neighbors; but he always brought his 
earnings home, adding thus to the family 
store. The father died here February 1 1 , 
1874, aged fifty-nine years, eleven months 
and eleven days, deeply mourned by 
friends and neighbors. Our subject then 
took possession of the farm, which he has 
successfully managed to the present time; 
each heir became the owner of eighty 
acres. In 1887 our subject married Miss 
Louise, daughter of John and Mary 
(Gilsing) Pekel, the family coming to 
America from Germany in i860. There 
were nine children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Pekel, namely: Lambert, John, Wilham, 
Mary, George, Kate (deceased in in- 
fancy), Louise, Kate (2), and Lena. To 
our subject and his wife have come four 
children, viz. : Theodore, born Decem- 
ber 7, 1888; John and Mary, born Jan- 
uary 14, 1891; and William, born Jan- 
uary 7, 1893. Mr. and Mrs. Vanderheiden 
are devout members of the Catholic 
Church; in politics he is a Democrat, and 
socially he is one of the most respected 
citizens of the township. 

JOSEPH CRABB, a rising young agri- 
culturist of De Pere township, is a 
native of the town of De Pere, 
Brown county, born November 8, 
1 87 1, son of Philip and Gertrude Crabb, 
the former a native of Belgium, the latter 
of Holland. She was his second wife, 
and they were the parents of six children — 
three sons and three daughters^of whom 
Joseph is the eldest son. 

Joseph Crabb received a liberal com- 
mon-school education in the schools of 



De Pere. When he was seven years old 
his father died, and his mother having re- 
married, he resided at home until he 
reached the age of eighteen, at which 
time he commenced life for his own ac- 
count. Proceeding to Glenwood, St. 
Croix Co., Wis., he remained there three 
years, the greater part of the time work- 
ing in a mill, e.xcepting for a few months 
when it was idle, and he engaged in rail- 
roading. He then returned to De Pere 
township. Brown county, where for a 
short time he made his home with his 
wife's parents, coming, March i, 1893, to 
the farm where he now resides. On No- 
vember 5, 1889, Mr. Crabb was married, 
in De Pere, to Miss Nellie Kersten, who 
was born August 17, 1 870, in De Pere 
township, daughter of John Kersten, a 
native of Germany. To this union have 
been born two children, Philip and Ger- 
trude A. Though Mr. Crabb is but a 
young man, and is, in fact, the youngest 
farmer in the township, he has no su- 
perior as an agriculturist in his section. 
He is hard-working, energetic and pro- 
gressive, and with his natural ability and 
good business management is bound to 
prosper. In his political affiliations he 
is a member of the Democratic party, 
and in religious connection he and his 
wife are both members of St. Mary's 
Catholic Church. 

JAMES D. McALL1ST1:K, a well- 
known resident of Howard township. 
Brown county, is a native of Wis- 
consin, born in Manitowoc county 
November 27, 1847, son of Clement and 
Minalta (Holbrook) McAllister. 

Clement McAllister was born and 
reared on a farm in the forests of New 
York State, and came to Wisconsin in 
1839, settling on a farm, where he died 
wiien about fifty years of age. His i)arents 
were Francis and Nancy (Mikiiis) McAllis- 
ter, natives of Scotland, tlie former of 
whom was born Marcii i, 1792, and died 

November 6, 1841, in Manitowoc county, 
Wis. ; the latter died in St. Lawrence 
county, N. Y. Mrs. Minalta McAllister 
was born November 18, i8io, in St. Law- 
rence county, N. Y., and now makes her 
home with her son, James D. She is a 
daughter of David and Minerva (Bartholo- 
mew) Holbrook, the former of whom, a 
farmer, was born in 1785 in Lebanon, 
Conn., and died in 1833 in St. Lawrence 
county, N. Y. His parents were Peltia 
and Mary (Clark) Holbrook. Minerva 
Bartholomew, daughter of Isaac and 
Lydia (Deming) Bartholomew, of Ver- 
mont, but later of New York, was born 
June 3, 1 793, and died in 1 843, the mother 
of twelve children, of whom Minalta Mc- 
Allister was the eldest, and of whom seven 
are yet living. 

James D. McAllister is the youngest 
child in a family of si.x, of whom but one 
besides himself, a sister, is living'. He was 
reared on the home farm until fourteen 
years of age, when his father died, and he 
went to work for his Uncle Hiram, with 
whom he remained eight or nine years. 
In 1876 he first came to Howard town- 
ship. Brown county, and bought eighty 
acres of partly cultivated land, which he 
at once commenced to improve and work. 
On May 28, 1879, he was married to Miss 
Ella Ames, who was born March 27, 1859, 
in Erie county, Penn., daughter of Clark 
and Mary (Kobbins) Ames, who had a 
family of \\\e children; these parents were 
also natives of Pennsylvania, in which 
State the mother died at the early age of 
twenty-seven years; the father. Clark 
Ames, and his children came to Wiscon- 
sin about the year 1866, and still reside 
in Pittsfield township. 

The union of James D. and Ella Mc- 
Allister has been blessed with six chil- 
dren, as follows: Mabel V., born April 
3, 1881; William L., born September 10, 
1882; Susan S. . born June 3. 18S5; Alvin 
L., born March 8, 1888; and Clyde C. 
born May 18, 1890, and one bom May 
17, 1S94I died July 28. 1894. Mr. Mc- 
Allister, at the time of his marriage, set- 



tied on his present farm, on which he 
conducts a profitable dairying business. 
In his political affiliations he is a Republi- 
can, and he is active in promoting the 
educational interests of his section, also 
giving his aid to religious and other moral 
movements which tend to benefit or ad- 
vance his township or county. He and 
his family are universally respected, and 
Mr. McAllister's steady habits render him 
a desirable member of the community. 

railroad manager, was born De- 
cember 25, 1844, at Princeton, 
Ky., son of Henry W. and Sally 
(Wiggenton) Champion, also natives of 
Kentucky. They were both closely allied 
to well-known southern families, although 
bearing different names. 

Thomas Champion, grandfather of the 
subject of these lines, was a native of 
North Carolina, whence he moved into 
Kentucky, settling in Livingston county, 
near the city of Salem, where he resided 
until 1 8 14. He served as sheriff of Liv- 
ingston county, was a trader with the 
Southern States, and while on a trip 
south with a drove of horses contracted 
yellow fever, from which he died soon 
after reaching home, leaving a widow and 
five children, Henry W. being the eldest; 
Dr. Alfred Champion, now a resident of 
Eddyville, Ky. , is the only surviving 
member of this family. Their mother, 
Mrs. Thomas Champion, was Miss 
Frances Williams, who, in 1809, in com- 
pany with her brother Henry, migrated 
from Virginia to Kentucky, and settled in 
Livingston county, near Salem. She was 
connected with the Williams family, nota- 
ble among the large landowners of Cul- 
peper county, Va., some members of 
which achieved distinction in public life. 
One of the most distinguished members 
of this family was Gen. Robert Williams, 
of the United States Army, an ardent 
Unionist, who rendered valuable service 

to the government during the Rebellion, 
notwithstanding the fact that he was a 
Virginian by birth. After the war he 
served as adjutant-general of the army, 
and married the widow of Stephen A. 
Douglas. His grandfather served in the 
Virginian line during the war of the Rev- 
olution, and was also a commissioned 
officer in the war of 181 2. The paternal 
great-grandmother of Seth Williams 
Champion came of another distinguished 
Virginia family, representatives of which 
were also numerous in Culpeper county. 

Henry W. Champion, father of our 
subject, was born, in 1S12, in Livingston 
county, Ky. , and was but a boy when his 
father died. His wife was a granddaugh- 
ter of John Miller Bell, who belonged to 
a famous Southern family, numerous rep- 
resentatives of which have been promi- 
nent in public life, John Minor Botts, 
who was one of the signers of Jefferson 
Davis' bail bond at the close of the Civil 
war, belonging to the antecedents of the 
Bell family. Prior to the war he served 
many years in Congress as an "Old-Line 
Whig," and was an enthusiastic follower 
of Henry Clay. He was a lawyer and 
gentleman farmer, his law office being in 
Richmond, and his country home near 
Culpeper Court House. He opposed the 
Secession movement, and when the war 
began retired to his farm, refusing to act 
with the large majority of the public men 
of Virginia who held that they owed their 
State allegiance paramount to that which 
they owed to the National Government. 
His loyalty to the Union caused him to 
suffer arrest and imprisonment at the 
hands of the Confederates, and his for- 
tune was seriously impaired by the rav- 
ages of war. After the struggle was ended, 
he exerted his influence to restore Vir- 
ginia to Statehood, and published an in- 
teresting volume entitled "The Great 
Rebellion, Its Secret History, Rise, Pro- 
gress and Disastrous Failure." 

In 1857 Henry W. Champion, with 
his family, emigrated from Kentucky to 
Coles county, 111., one of the older coun- 







ties of southeastern Illinois, where he be- 
came a farmer. In 1862 he removed to 
central Illinois, settling first in Macon 
county, and three or four years later in 
Menard county, where he continued to re- 
side up to his death, which occurred in 
1 88 1, one week after the decease of his 
wife. In early life he was a printer, and 
published a paper both in Tennessee and 
Kentucky, but later was a merchant at 
Greenview, and for many years postmaster 
of that village. In his religious faith he 
was a stanch and active member of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and 
during his whole life was an ardent worker 
in the Sunday-schools. 

Seth Williams Champion, the subject 
proper of this sketch, received his literary 
education at the schools in Coles county 
and Mount Zion, Macon Co., 111., at the 
age of thirteen years commencing to work 
on his father's farm, and, until he at- 
tained his majority and sought other em- 
ployment, by far the greater share of 
his time was thereafter devoted to that 
kind of labor. When he was about twen- 
ty-two years of age, he left home and 
went to Virden, 111., becoming a clerk in 
the office of the Chicago & Alton Railway 
Co. at that point, and after remaining 
there on,e year he was appointed station 
agent at Greenview, 111. At the end of two 
years more he was promoted to station 
agent at Lacon, 111. (also on the Chicago 
& Alton railroad), and remained there 
eight years. In 1 878 he came to Green 
Bay, Wis., and became the agent in that 
city of the Green Bay & Minnesota Rail- 
road Company, now known as the Green 
Bay, Winona & St. Paul Railroad Com- 
pany. Sometime afterward he entered 
the general offlces of this company as 
chief clerk, and later was promoted in 
succession to the important and respon- 
sible positions of general freight and pas- 
senger agent, and snjierintcndent. In 
I 890 he became general manager of this 
line of railroad, with headquarters in 
Green Bay. He has also been manager, 
since its construction, of the Kewaimee, 

Green Bay & Western railroad, running 
from Green Bay to Kewaunee, a line 
thirty-four miles long, of which he was 
one of the builders and principal pro- 

As a railroad man, Mr. Champion 
has become well known throughout the 
entire Northwest, and is recognized as a 
railroad operator of superior capacity and 
ability. Having begun his career, as a 
railroad man, as station agent in a country 
village, he has thoroughly familiarized 
himself with all the details of railroad 
business and management, and has earned 
promotion by hard work and thorough 
honesty, intelligent effort, and efficient 
services. He has made a close study of 
what may be termed "The science of 
railroading," has a broad knowledge of 
the principles governing the operation of 
railroads and all the rules and regulations 
pertaining to railroad traffic, and is a 
man, also, of extensive general informa- 
tion. The duties and responsibilities of 
the positions which he has held have de- 
manded his undivided attention, and he 
has had neither the time nor the inclina- 
tion to seek official preferment or public 
honors of any kind, the only office he has 
ever held being that of alderman, while 
a resident of Lacon, III. He has, how- 
ever, taken the interest which all good 
citizens should feel in political move- 
ments, acting always with the Republi- 
can party where political issues are in- 
voKed, and being a firm belie\er in the 
wisdom of its principles and politics. His 
family, although of Southern origin, be- 
longed to the •• Old- Whig" party of ante- 
war days, and when his father came 
North he drifted easily and naturally into 
the Republican party, when that party 
came into existence. The son wasbrought 
up under this inlluence, and has seen no 
reason to change his political faith. The 
religious intluenccs, which surrounded him 
in early life, were those of the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church, and Mr. Cham- 
pion is still a Presbyterian in his Church 
affiliations, but on account of there being 



no Presbyterian Church of the Cumber- 
land faith in Green Bay, he affihates with 
the Methodist Church, of which his wife 
is a member. 

In 1868 Mr. Champion was married 
to Miss Lucinda A. White, a daughter of 
George Roley White, of Decatur, 111., in 
which city she was born, and to this union 
were born five children, of whom three 
are living, namely: Lalla May, Ora A. 
and Clyde W. 

born May i, 1848, in Austria, son 
of Valentine and Constantia Boz- 
mack, who had a family of eight 
children, all of whom are deceased ex- 
cept our subject. The parents both died 
in their native country. 

Jacobus Bozmack received his early 
education in the common schools of the 
land of his birth, and, at the age of 
twenty-seven years, entered the priest- 
hood. In 1893 he came to America, 
and after a very rough voyage landed in 
New York city, thence coming directly 
to his charge in Eaton township, Brown 
county, Wisconsin. 

HENRY NACHTWEY, a prosper- 
ous wide-awake general merchant 
of De Pere township, and post- 
master at Pine Grove, is a native 
of Wisconsin, born July 22, 1858, in Coop- 
erstown. Anton Nachtwej', father of 
Henry, was born March 26, 1826, in 
Prussia, Germany, a son of Alichael 
Nachtwey, who died when his son, Anton, 
was twelve years old. Michael Nachtwey 
was married four times, and had twenty- 
five children; by his third marriage he had 
ten, of whom Anton was the ninth and 
the youngest son. This wife died when 
her son Anton was five years old. 

Anton Nachtwey received a good edu- 
cation in the schools of his native coun- 

try. He w-as reared a farmer boy, and 
after the death of his father left the home- 
stead and hired out as a farmhand at 
various places until he reached the age of 
sixteen, when he went to Frankfort-on- 
the-Main. Here he remained until he 
was twenty-one years of age, during which 
time he was employed in the German 
mint for three years, and for a year and 
a half worked in a brewery with his 
brother, Henry (this brother afterw-ard 
conducted a store and a saloon in Coopers- 
town, Wis.). Anton had a very profitable 
situation in the government mint, but 
he was obliged to abandon it on account 
of his health. Having a few hundred 
dollars, part of which he received from 
his father's estate, and part of which he 
had saved, Mr. Nachtwey, in the summer 
of 1 847, left his native country and set out 
for America. He proceeded to London, 
England; but after waiting there nine days 
for a vessel which did not arrive, he took 
the cars to Liverpool, whence he set sail, 
and after a voyage of seven weeks landed 
at New York. From there he proceeded 
by steamboat to Albany, thence, via the 
Erie canal to Buffalo, where he took 
passage on the steamer "Michigan" for 
Milwaukee, Wis. His destination was 
Two Rivers, but as the "Michigan" did 
not stop at that port, be came hither by 
sailing vessel from Milwaukee, arriving at 
his journey's end in the latter part of 
Jul)'. At that time the town of Two 
Rivers contained but twenty-seven build- 
ings, by actual count, and Indians were 
still numerous in the surrounding country. 
Here Mr. Nachtwey found work in the 
sawmill of a Mr. Smit, and remained four 

On July 20, 1 85 1, he was married, in 
Cooperstown, to Miss Catherine Platten, 
who was born July 8, 1835, in Prussia, 
daughter of Anton and Margaret Platten, 
who came to the United States in 1842. 
They were seven weeks crossing the ocean, 
and made the entire journey from their 
home in Germany to Green Bay, Wis., 
by water, making the lake trip on the 



"Old Columbus," this bein<; the last trip 
made by that old boat. For a year and 
a half after their arrival the Flattens lived 
in Green Bay, and then moved to De- 
Pere township. Brown county, where Mrs. 
Nachtwey resided until her marriage. To 
Anton and Margaret Nachtwe\- have been 
born children as follows: Joseph, of 
Bellevue township; John, of New Den- 
marktownship; Henry, whose name opens 
this sketch; Anton, of Glenmore town- 
ship; Frank, of Belknue township; Mary, 
teacher in a convent in Chicago; Mark, 
Matilda, and Maggie and Lizzie (twins), 
at home; three children that died young; 
and Peter, who died in Green Bay at the 
age of seventeen, from lockjaw, the re- 
sult of an accident in a sawmill. 

After his marriage Mr. Nachtwe\" re- 
sided in Cooperstown, of which place he 
and his brother Henry were among the first 
German settlers. When they first came 
there the surrounding ccjuntry was still in 
its primitive condition, and Mr. Nachtwey 
remembers at one time seeing seventeen 
Indian wigwams in Cooperstown, the oc- 
cupants of which were all engaged in 
making maple sugar, whicfi they traded 
to the settlers for potatoes and other food. 
In 1877 he came to New Denmark town- 
ship. Brown county, where he and his 
wife still make their home. He has fol- 
lowed farming continuously ever since his 
marriage, and he now has a fine tract of 
160 acres. He and his wife arc members 
of the Holy Trinity Catholic Church at 
Pine Grove, and in his political affilia- 
tions Mr. Nachtwey generally favors the 
principles of the Democratic party; how- 
ever, he cast a vote for Abraham Lincoln, 
and supports the best man without much 
regard for party lines. He is universally 
respected as an honest, upright citizen. 
He has a remarkable memory, and easily 
recalls events which happened years ago. 

Henry Nachtwey received his educa- 
tion in the common schools of his time, 
and was thoroughly trained to agriculture 
on the home farm. In 1 870 he comint-nced 
to work in a shingle-mill. and continued the 

same until a painful accident to his 
shoulder compelled him to retire from 
active labor and rest for a year, at the end of 
which time, with complete rest and the 
aid of a costly contrivance, he fully re- 
covered and was able to resume work. 
For three years he was employed in the 
mills of Gillon & Monroe, becoming thor- 
oughly familiar with all kinds of sawmill- 
ing, which in the early pioneer times was 
a very important industry, but with the 
clearing up of the country has been gradu- 
ally decreasing. On November 12, 1889, 
Mr. Nachtwey was united in marriage, in 
De Pere, with Miss Margaret E. Connel- 
ly, who was born May 23, 1865, in the 
Province of Ontario, Canada, daughter of 
John Connelly, and was but nine weeks 
old when her parents came to Wisconsin, 
where she was reared. After marriage the 
young couple commenced housekeeping 
in Pine Grove, De Pere township, where 
he has been engaged in general mercan- 
tile business since 1882. He commenced 
alone, but later received his brother, 
Joseph, as a partner, and they carried on 
the business together until 1891, since 
when our subject has been sole proprietor. 
He has been very successful, and he con- 
ducts one of the best-kept and most com- 
plete general stores in the county, his 
courteous and accommodating disposition 
having made him exceedingly popular 
with his fellowmen. The postoffice at 
Pine Grove had been discontinued, but in 
1882 it was re-established, and Mr. 
Nachtwey was appointed to the position 
of postmaster, in which he now serves. 
Mr. and Mrs. Nachtwey are both mem- 
bers of Holy Trinity Catholic Church at 
Pine Grove. They have had one child. 
.-\llen .\., who was born June 22. 1S92. 


I.FIAM WOKKM.VN, the pop- 
ular druggist of De Pere. Wis., 
was born at the village of Prcst- 
wick. .Ayrshire, Scotland, June 
1S22. a son of John and Ann (Prin- 



gle) Workman, the former of whom was 
a weaver, who employed several journey- 
men, but who (lied when his son William 
was but six years of age. Mrs. Ann 
Workman continued to reside at Prest- 
wick for some years after the death of her 
husband, but finally followed her son Will- 
iam to America, and ended her days at 
his home in De Pere. Both parents were 
members of the Presbyterian Church. 

William Workman served an appren- 
ticeship of five and a half years at the 
machinist's trade in Deanston, Perth- 
shire, Scotland, and then, July i, 1842, 
at the age of twenty years, embarked at 
Glasgow on a sailing vessel for the United 
States, and nine weeks later landed in 
New York City, where he remained about 
a year, employed at various occupations; 
he then came to Milwaukee, Wis. ; thence 
moved to Waterville, where he employed 
himself at farming for a year, and was 
then employed in carpentering at Ripon. 
On January 8, 1852, he started for Cali- 
fornia by the Panama route, reaching 
Panama on the first of the following 
March; built and started the first circu- 
lar sawmill in the place at a salary of 
one hundred dollars per week in gold, 
and on May i reached San Francisco. 
After quite successfully mining in Cali- 
fornia for two years, Mr. Workman re- 
turned to Ripon, Wis., May 30, 1854, 
and established a steam cabinet-making 
establishment; in 1859 he purchased a 
seeding machine patent, and for three 
years was engaged in its manufacture at 
Ripon, but the patent proved a failure. 
Mr. Workman next secured several pat- 
ents for sundry other machines, and in 
the manufacture of these he met with 
better success. In 1 866 he entered into 
partnership with Jason and Wellington 
Hitchcock, and added the manufacture of 
sleighs, cutters, wagons, etc., and in 1878 
sold his interest in the factory to Jason 
Hitchcock and moved to De Pere, where 
he took the position of superintendent of 
the De Pere Iron Works, in which he 
held some stock. In 1873 the company 

failed and was bought in by Blanchard & 
Arnold, of Milwaukee, for whom Mr. 
Workman acted as superintendent. This 
firm also fell into financial difficulties 
through the failure of the Union Steel & 
Iron Company, of Chicago, in 1884, and 
by this disaster Mr. Workman was again 
a sufferer to the extent of five thousand 
dollars. On No\ember 30, 1885, Mr. 
Workman bought out the interest of his 
son and his son's partner, Michael Welsh, 
in their drug store in West De Pere, and 
this he conducted until August 18, 1890; 
in 1887 he also purchased from William 
Chapman his drug store in East De Pere, 
and to this, after selling out in West De- 
Pere, he has since devoted his entire at- 
tention, meeting with a prosperous trade. 
Mr. Workman has been twice mar- 
ried, first time at Ripon, in 1845, to Miss 
Rachel Stilwell, who survived her mar- 
riage only three months; his second mar- 
riage occurred, in 1850, to Margaret 
Miller, also at Ripon. and this union has 
been blessed with six children, viz. : Will- 
iam M., a druggist of West De Pere; 
Mary, married to David Thomas, of Ripon; 
Margaret and Annie P., at home; John, 
who died at Ripon of scarletina at the 
the age of two years and nine months; 
and Frank, who died of diphtheria at De- 
Pere, aged three years and three months. 
Mr. Workman was a charter member of 
Ripon Lodge, No. 95, F. & A. M., in 
1857; he also was a charter member of 
Ripon Chapter, No. 30, and a member of 
the Commandery at Fond du Lac; he is 
now a member of De Pere Lodge, No. 
85, of which he has served as secretary 
three years. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican, and while living at Ripon he served 
as count}' supervisor from the First ward; 
two terms; also in the city council several 
terms, and as mayor one term ; at West 
De Pere he has served as president of the 
village for ten or more years, and also as 
member of council in East De Pere for 
two years — evincing in each position a 
business ability that gave the utmost 
satisfaction to the public. 



Mr. Workman has always commanded 
the respect of the communities in which 
he has Hved, and been recognized as a 
valuable and desirable member of society. 

JAMES TOUHEY. the genial pro- 
prietor of the " New Transit Hotel " 
at De Pare, was born July 28, 1836, 
in County Clare, Ireland, son of 
Michael and Bridget (Maloneyj Touhcy, 
natives of the same county. 

Michael Touhey was a farmer of 
moderate means, and also a cattle dealer, 
with his residence about seven miles 
northeast of Limerick. His children, 
who were all born in Ireland, were named 
as follows: Jane, Mary, Dennis, Bridget, 
Michael, Honora, Margaret, Winnie, 
Michael I2), Timothy, Winnie (2), and 
James; there was also one that died in in- 
fancy. They were not, however, born in 
the order named, as James, our subject, 
was the fifth child and the third son. On 
March 17. 1848, Michael Touhey and his 
family left Limerick for America, and on 
June 20, landed in Quebec. From that 
city he went to Burlington, Vt., where he 
was appointed overseer and timekeeper 
over 1,200 men employed on the New 
York & Erie railway, then being built. 
Wisconsin was then a new State, and. al- 
though he was making money he con- 
cluded to try his fortune here. Accord- 
ingly, in the latter part of August, 1848, he 
arrived in Milwaukee, where he was en- 
gaged in street grading, etc., employing 
many men and teams, until September, 
1S55, when he removed to Manitowoc, 
and a short time afterward purchased a 
tract of 160 acres in Franklin township, 
same county, which he subsequently in- 
rreascd tf) 400 acres. Here he died, in 
the Catholic faith, April 6, 1S86, and was 
followed to the grave by his faithful wife 
four days later. Their remains now rest 
side by side in Maple Grove cemetery. 
Manitowoc county. Of his large family 
four chilrlren only survive: Honora, a 

widow; James, our subject; Margaret, 
now Mrs. Patrick McMann, of Kansas; 
and Michael, of Bessemer, Mich., but 
formerly of Morrison township. Brown 
Co., Wis., being then the representative 
of his District in the State Legislature. 

James Touhey received his earlier ed- 
ucation in his native land, and, after 
reaching the United States, at the age of 
eleven years, attended the Milwaukee 
schools until large enough to drive a team 
for his father. While thus employed he 
drove the horses that hoisted the first lo- 
comotive that ever ran in Wisconsin, and 
which was subsequently used on the Mil- 
waukee & Mississippi railroad. He moved 
with his parents to Franklin township, 
Manitowoc county, where he worked on 
his father's extensive tracts of new land 
until his marriage, October 26, 1858. at 
Manitowoc Rapids, with Miss Mary Mans- 
field, a native County Kilkenny, Ireland. 
born in 1839, daughter of Thomas Mans- 
field, who died when his daughter was 
but five years of age, leaving a widowand 
five children. The widow came to the 
United States in 1850. remarried, and had 
three children by her second husband. 
Mary Mansfield was reared near Haver- 
straw, on the Hudson (or North) river. 
New York, and in 185S, while on a visit 
to Wisconsin, met anil married Mr. Tou- 
hey. For five years after his marriage 
Mr. Touhey resided with his father, and 
then located on 120 acres of timbered land 
that had formed part of his father's estate. 
He cleared this land and made a fine 
farm, on which he resided twelve years, 
doing hard work all the time. In tlie fall 
of 1S73 he removed to De Peie and pur- 
chased the •' Fo.\ River Hotel, "which he 
remodeled and opened on the second 
Tuesday in November of the same year, 
changing the name to the •Manitowoc 
House. " Aided by his wife, a very ac- 
complished lady, he carried on a most 
prosperous business until April 22. 1883. 
when the edifice was consumed by fire. 
Mr. Touhey ininu'<liat«-ly rebuilt on a 
larger scale, and called the new hotel the 



"Transit Hotel," in whicli he did a thriv- 
ing trade for seven years, when he was 
again burned out. Mr. Touhe}-, some- 
what discouraged, then went to Hot 
Springs, Ark., to be treated for rheuma- 
tism, from which he had been suffering 
since 1H79; later he \isited various sites 
in Colorado, where several offers of an 
advantageous nature were made to as- 
sist him in opening a hotel, but the pub- 
Hc-spirited citizens of De Pere induced 
him to return to that city and resume his 
former business. Acordingly, on the ist 
of September, 1890, he opened the " New 
Transit Hotel," now so well known along 
the Fox river. 

Mr. Touhey is a stanch Democrat, and 
was once elected justice of the peace, but 
declined to ser\e; in 1863, however, he 
served as a member of the board of alder- 
men of De Pere. He is a member of St. 
Francis Catholic Church, and he and his 
wife are held in the highest respect by the 
entire community. They have had no 
children born to them, but some young 
relative — niece or nephew — has always 
found a home under their roof. 

popular dealer in agricultural im- 
plements of Wrightstown, Brown 
county, was born June 6, 1S44, 
in West Prussia, son of Gottlieb and 
Louise (Luefgej Schroeder. 

In 1863, in company with his mother 
and two sisters, our subject came to the 
United States, landing at Baltimore Md., 
August 15, whence the}- moved to the 
town of Rockland, Brown Co., Wis., set- 
tling in the wilderness near the Fo.\ River 
Valley, where he engaged in farming. On 
January 18, 1870, Mr. Schroeder was 
here married to Miss Bertha Wirschke, a 
daughter of Gottlieb Wirschke, who was 
largely engaged in the manufacture of 
linseed oil. To this union ha\'e been 
born ton children, namt.'l\-: Mary, Charles, 
August, Emilie, Rudolph, Willielm, 

Emma, Robert, Ida, and Albert. After 
a residence of about si.xteen years on his 
farm Mr. Schroeder removed with his 
famil}- to \\'rightstown, leax'ing oneson in 
charge of the home place. Here Mr. 
Schroeder at once established his present 
business, dealing in farm machinery and 
agricultural implements, and has built up 
a successful and thriving trade, his fair 
dealing and gentlemanly deportment gain- 
ing for him the confidence of the com- 
munity. He is a local leader in the Dem- 
ocratic party, and has filled several re- 
sponsible offices; he is now a candidate 
for the position of postmaster. 

contractor and builder, of Green 
Ba}, was born in Saxonw Ger- 
many, November 9, 1820, a son 
of Henry and Elizabeth (Neuman) Meis- 
ter, who. in 1855, settled in Green Bay, 
wliere the father died in 1864, the mother 
in 1 866. They reared a family of six 
children, as follows: Christoph, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Fredericka, \\ife of 
Matthias Fist, of Pittsfield township; 
Caroline, wife of Jacob Low, of Preble 
township; Harry; James; and Ernestine, 
wife of Frank Lipman,of Preble township. 
Christoph Meister was educated in 
Germany, and also learned his trade of 
carpenter and builder in that country. 
On June 18, 1853, he came to Green Bay, 
and in 1856 erected his present pleasant 
residence. On arriving here he at once 
engaged in business, and among the manj- 
structures he has put up may be men- 
tioned "Cook's Hotel," Chapman block, 
Uncle Frank's block, Engine House No. i, 
the old Postoffice building, Turner Hall, 
the Union Brewery, a brewery in Esca- 
naba, the courthouse in Grand Rapids, 
and most of the larger stores and dwell- 
ings in Green Bay. Mr. Meister was 
united in matrimony in Germany, in 1849, 
to Miss Dorothea Montag. and to this 
union have been born eight children, viz. : 



Ernest, Charley, Heniian, Frederick, 
Louisa (wife of Otto Hrehiiier), Lena, 
Emma, and Matilda. Mr. and Mrs. Meis- 
ter are members of the Lutheran Church. 
Socially he is a nieinljcr of Herman 
Lodge, No. Ill, in which he has passed 
all the chairs, and is also a member of 
theTurnverein and of the German Benev- 
olent Society. In politics he is a Re- 
publican, taking an active interest in the 
success of the part}', and has served as 
alderman four years. Mr. Meister is the 
oldest contractor in Green Bay. has la- 
bored hard to advance its interests, and 
has won for himself a high standing in the 
estimation of the entire communitv. 

JOHN BATEY, of De Pere, was born 
in the village of Stella, on the river 
Tyne, County of Durham, England, 
September 1 i, 1823, and is a son of 
John and Ann (Blairj Bate}-, the former 
of whom was a mason and contractor. 

Our subject was educated in private 
schools in the village of Backworth, 
county of Northumberland, England, 
until fifteen }ears of age, when he was 
indentured for si.\ years to a coal com- 
pany (for whom his father was a foreman 
over the masons employedj for the pur- 
pose of learning masonry. He served 
out the full term of his indentures, and also 
worked for the company three years as a 
journeyman. On the 25th of January, 
1S45, he married Doroth}- Armstrong, 
then eighteen years and eleven days old, 
a daughter of Thomas and Ann (Scott) 
Armstrong, the wedding taking place in 
All Saints Church, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
For ten years after his marriage Mr. 
Batey resided in Backworth. working at 
his trade, and, of his four children born 
there, three died of scarlet fever, which 
so distressed him that he resolved to 
abandon the countr\- and emigrate to 
Australia. On reaching Liverpool with 
his wife and remaining cliild, .\nii. tiien 
ei<,'ht vears old, the news of lianl times 

was so disheartening from the antipodes, 
that he changed his destination to Amer- 
ica, and landed in Montreal, Canada, 
where he found work on the famous Vic- 
toria bridge, then in course of construc- 
tion for the Grand Trunk railwa}'. But 
the work was dangerous, and drownings 
of masons were of such frequent occur- 
rence, that he sought and secured em- 
j ployment in the Grand Trunk railroad 
] shops at Montreal, where he remained 
three months, and then moved to Point 
Levi, near (hicbec; but, the water freez- 
ing here a (piarterof an inch in one night, 
in the month of September, he iminedi- 
atel}' took passage for Toronto. This trip 
was an exceedingly storm}' one; the boat 
was wrecked, his household goods all 
lost, and he, his wife and child barely 
escaped with their li\'es. Being unaware 
of the liability of the boat owners for his 
entire loss, Mr. Bate}' accepted five dol- 
lars from the Captain as full indemnity 
for his goods and clothing. .\t Toronto 
Mr. Batey worked for three years at his 
trade for the railroad compan}', and then 
came to Wisconsin and passed two years 
at Marquette; from there, about 1870, he 
came to Ue Pere, since when he has con- 
tracted for or assisted in the erecting of 
furnaces all the way across the continent 
from Detroit, Mich., to Portland, Ore., 
at one time taking nineteen workmen 
from De Pere to Oregon. .\\. present 
Mr. Bate}' confines himself to acting 
as foreman or director of men engaged 
in mason work, having accunmlated suf- 
ficient means to support his wife and self 
during his declining }ears. 

While residing in Canada there were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Batey four children, 
of whom two only are now living, vi/. : 
Rebecca, married to Mr. Bicksler, of 
Spokane Falls, Wash., and Thomas W.. 
at home with his parents. .\nn, the child 
who was born in Englan<l, was married 
in Canada, to William Wright, bore her 
husband five children, and tiied when 
about twenty-si.N xears old the children 
bcinu' mi>stly reared 1>\ Ntrs. Batey. In 



politics Mr. Batey is independent, while 
Mrs. Batey affiliates with the Repub- 
licans, and she has been a consistent 
member of the Presbyterian Church for 
twenty-six years. 


11. XOL.\N, chief of police of 
(ireen Bay, was born in 1856, 
in Sheboygan county, ^^'is. 
His parents, Thomas and Mary 
(McDonald) Nolan, natives of Ireland, 
about the year 1841 settled in the woods 
of Sheboygan county, where they wrested 
a farm from the forest and acquired a 
moderate fortune. They now reside in 
Green Bush township, Sheboygan county, 
in ease and comfort. They had born to 
them a family of twelve children, of whom 
eleven are li\ing, viz. : Bridget, wife of 
Michael Flynn, of Antigo, Wis. ; John, 
of Altoona, Wis.; M. H., our subject; 
Andrew, a farmer of Dakota; Katie, at- 
tending the Normal School at Oshkosh, 
W'is. ; Libbie, assistant county treasurer 
of Langlade county. Wis. ; Anna, clerk- 
ing in Milwaukee; Thomas, a farmer of 
Sheboygan count\-; Winnie, wife of Thom- 
as Keenan, of Milwaukee; Alice, a school- 
teacher of Sheboygan county, and Madge, 
now attending school. 

M. H. Nolan was reared to farming 
on the Sheboygan county homestead. 
^^'hile \et a young man he passed two 
years in traveling, seeing the country and 
working here and there until his final set- 
tlement in (keen Bay, in 1882. After 
being employed at different branches of 
labor, he was placed in the city fire de- 
partment, and had charge of engine 
house No. 2 for a year; was then trans- 
ferred to the police force, and served four 
years in a subordinate position, when he 
was appointed chief in 1893; having filled 
the position one term with ability and to 
the satisfactioji of all concerned, he was 
re-appointed and is now serving his sec- 
ond term. The force comprises the chief 
and si.\ subordinates, and, under Mr. 

Nolan's guidance, have succeeded in keep- 
ing the city in an admirable state of good 
order and quietude. In politics Chief 
Nolan is a Democrat; in religion he is a 
devout Catholic. He is a member of the 
Knights of the Maccabees, of which he 
was one of the organizers of Green Bay, 
and is also a member of the Royal Ar- 
canum. He is a man of nerve, and is 
much admired by his many friends and 

a wide-awake and enterprising 
merchant of Green Bay, and who 
for some years has been connected 
with the commercial and social interests 
of that city, was born in Fort Howard, 
Wis., July 18,1861, of German descent, 
his grandfather, Carl Blesch, having been 
born at Bingen-on-the-Rhine. The great- 
grandfather was a well-known musician 
of that locality, and a composer of piano 
and organ music. Carl Blesch was also 
a very popular citizen in the community 
where he lived, and was the proprietor of 
the ' ' Pariser Hof " (or ' • Parisian Hotel ") 
in Bingen. He died in the prime of life, 
leaving a widow, whose maiden name was 
Clara Heuser, who survived him many 
years. They were the parents of seven 
children: Margareta and Carl, both de- 
ceased; John B; Andrew; Francis, also 
ceased; Elesa and Peter. 

Francis Blesch, father of our subject, 
was born in Bingen, November 6, 1824, 
and in the public schools of his native 
town obtained a good practical education. 
He there learned the cooper's and brewer's 
trades, perfecting himself in the business, 
and worked along those lines in many 
places, traveling over the greater part of 
Europe. Eventually returning to Bingen. 
he there remained until October, 1849, 
when he crossed the Atlantic to America, 
with but little capital; he was thoroughly 
honest, however, and willing to work, and 
soon won the respect and confidence of all 


bj- his many good qualities of head and 
heart. He first located in Milford, Penn., 
but in 1850 came to Green Bay, Wis., 
where he established a brewery and did a 
successful business. He was a member 
of the Masonic fraternity and a benevo- 
lent and charitable man, giving freely of 
his means to the poor and distressed, 
doing all in a quiet and unostentatious 
manner. His death occurred November 
9, 1879, and he was mourned by many- 
friends. He married Antoinette Schnei- 
der, a native of Brussels, Belgium, who 
survives her husband; she is the mother of 
six children, namely: Mrs. Sophia B. 
Jorgenson, Mrs. Clara Monroe, Mrs. 
Emily Lewis, Gustav A. , Frank T. and 
Louise A. 

The subject of this sketch was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native 
town, and at the age of seventeen entered 
upon his business career as a clerk in the 
dry-goods store of his brother-in-law, J. 
L. Jorgenson. He remained in that store 
nine years, during which time he mastered 
every detail of the business. He became 
a partner in the concern, and when a 
branch store was established at Green 
Bay he moved thither to assume the po- 
sition of resident manager, and has since 
been in charge of what is now one of the 
leading mercantile establishments of the 
city. He is a man of excellent business 
and executive abilities, sagacious and far- 
sighted, and by his earnest desire to please 
his customers, and his courteous treatment 
and fair dealing, he has .secured a liberal 
patronage, of which he is well deserving. 
The best interests of the community re- 
ceive his support, and he withholds his co- 
operation from no worthy undertaking 
calculated to promote the general welfare. 

Rj. i^.LACK, stock ilealer, Fort 
I Inward. This gentleman was 
liorn, in 1843, in Jylland, Den- 
mark, and is a son of James and 
Carrie (Morup) Black, natives of the same 

place, where the father died in 1869, the 
mother in 1871, never having left their 
native country. Their children were 
seven in number (of whom four came to 
Wisconsin), viz. : James, who resides in 
Denmark; R. J., the subject of these 
lines; Carrie Marie, wife of Anders Nel- 
son, a large dairy farmer of Denmark; 
Peter, also residing in Denmark; Chris- 
tian, a resident of Fort Howard, Wis ; 
Anna Catherine, who came to Oshkosh, 
Wis., and died there in 1870, and James, 
who came to Fort Howard in 1874, where 
he now resides. 

R. J. Black was reared and educated 
in Denmark, and prepared himself for a 
teacher. At the age of twenty-one years 
he left his native land and came to W'is- 
consin. Returning to Denmark in 1869 
he remained until the following year, 
when he again came to the "Badger 
State." He first located at Oshkosh, in 
1865, working at the lumber business, but 
in May, 1874, removed to P'ort Howard 
and settled in Tanktown. He was then in 
the employ of the Green Bay, Winona tV 
St. Paul Railroad Company, for whom he 
had begun work as a track-layer, assisting 
in laying the rails as far as Winona, Minn. 
He had previously, after his return from 
Denmark, been employed by the W'iscon- 
sin Central Railroad Company, helping 
to grade the road, and, later, was with 
the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad 
Company, on their line between Green 
Bay and Marinette. After the first \-ear 
at Fort Howard Mr. Black opened a meat 
market, which he conducted for seventeen 
years, finall\- selling out and engaging in 
the stock business, in which he has con- 
tinued. He buys and sells live stock, and 
has an extensive business. Ho is the 
owner of a good farm in the city limits, 
and has been successful in his ventures. 

In 1872. at New London, Wis., Mr. 
Black was married to Miss Marie Madsen, 
a native of Lolland, Denmark, and daugh- 
ter of Mads and Miriam Christina (Torsen) 
Rasmussen, who spent their entire lives 
in their native countrv. I'l'ur of their 



children cinii;nite(i to Wisconsin; Kasmus 
Madsen and I'redcric Madsen, both resi- 
dents of I'ort Howard; Mrs. Black, of the 
same place, and Sit;ne, wife of C. J. 
Black, who dietl at Fort Howard in 1886. 
There were two brothers. Nels, who died 
in Australia, and Christian, who died in 
the South. Mr. and Mrs. Black are the 
parents of si.\ children: Charlotte, wife 
of Kev. J. l*'. Young, pastor of the Pres- 
byterian Church at Fort Howard; Marie, 
a graduate of the Fort Howard schools 
in 1893, and now attending Normal School 
at Oshkosh; Agnes, Ennna and Stella, at 
school; and Edna. In political matters 
Mr. Black is a Prohibitionist, and he and 
his wife were charter members of the 
local organization of the I. O. G. T. ; 
both are members of the Presbyterian 
Church. Mr. Black also holds member- 
ship in the I. O. O. F. at Green Bay, 
and the Royal Arcanum at F'ort Howard. 
For five vears he has served on the school 
board, and for an equal period was alder- 
man from the Fifth ward, serving also two 
years as supervisor. He takes commend- 
able interest in public affairs, and is in every 
respect an upright, worthy citizen. In 
1889, in order to enjoy a jileasure trip 
and see more of the country, he \isited 

Mr. and ^frs, Black have both re- 
sided in Fort Howard a sufficient period 
to witness remarkable changes in the 
place, and have kept pace with its devel- 
opment. All the region round about 
Green Bay has undergone almost a com- 
plete transformation during the years of 
their residence, and the end is not vet. 

DM. H A R T E A U. architect, of 
(ircen F>ay, was born at De Perc. 
Ijrown county. Wis., in 1842. ;i 
son of Joseph and Mary (Gorhani 
Harteau, the former a native of Canada, 
the latter of Mackinac, Michigan. 

Joseph Harteau, with two brothers. 

Mitchell and Lewis, early came to Green 
Bay (Shantytown), and there Joseph 
found employment on the river under a 
Mr. Whitney, and was there married. 
Later he migrated to Scott township and 
engaged in farming, and still later moved 
to Chase township, Oconto Co., Wis., 
where he passed from earth in 1889; his 
wife had died in 1888. Mrs. Harteau's 
father, David B. Gorham, was a native 
of England, and w^as a shipbuilder. On 
coming to America he settled in the Ter- 
ritory of Michigan, and in July, 1827, 
was naturalized in the county of Michili- 
mackinac, but shortly afterward moved to 
Green Bay, Wis., where he was employed 
by the government in boat building, and 
where he met his death at the hands of a 
soldier. His widow, of whom Charley 
Gorham, of De Pere, is the youngest 
brother, afterward married Charles Ga- 
beau, a native of Canada. Joseph and 
Mar\- Harteau were the parents of eight 
children, as follows; I). M., our subject; 
Rosella, who married William Pherson, 
and died at Oshkosh; Adeline, wife of 
Louis Hardwelk, of Menominee; Charley, 
of Chase township, Oconto county; Joseph; 
Augustus, of Chase township; Adel, mar- 
ried to John Wilson, and Eliza (Mrs. 
Longled;, of \\'isconsin. 

In 1864, 1). M. Harteau enlisted at 
Green Bav, in Company C, Forty-seventh 
W'is. V. I., was assigned to garrison duty 
at TuUahoma, Tenn., and was discharged 
at Nashville. Tenn., in 1865. On his re- 
turn he worked at his trade, that of mason, 
and studied nrchitecture, opening an office 
in Cireen Bay, in 1874, for the practice of 
the latter science, and has been so em- 
ployed ever since. He was married, in 
1872 to Miss Camilla Follett. who was 
born in /Mlouez township. Brown county, 
a daughter of Burley and Lizzie Follett. 
The father was a stationer, but later was 
in the boot and shoe business, and died 
in Green Bay; the mrjther passed from 
earth in Marinette. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Harteau si.\ children were born, of whom 
onlv one survives, Zola Lillian; the de- 



ceased are: Lewis, Sarah, Charles, Daviil, 
and Adda. 

In poHtics Mr. Harteau is a Repub- 
lican, and has served as a member of the 
common council from tlie Third ward; he 
is also a member of T. O. Howe Post, No. 
124, G. A. R., and of the French Catholic 
Church; Mrs. Harteau is Presbyterian. 
The family are quiet and retiring in their 
habits, and are regarded with general re- 
spect, while Mr. Harteau's professional 
reputation stands on a firm basis. 

district clerk, is one of the most 
popular citizens of De Pere town- 
ship. Brown county, with whose in- 
terests he has for many years been promi- 
nently identified. 

Our subject was born February 9, 
1.S40, in Francorchamps, Belgium, son of 
Hubert Henrigilles, who was a well-to-do 
farmer and miller. The latter married 
Mary C. Legros, and to their union came 
five children, four of whom grew to ma- 
turity, viz.: Therese, married to J. Nisen; 
Margaret, now the wife of Jacques Ducat, 
a farmer of De Pere township; Mar}', who 
married Nic. Guirsh, and died in Kansas; 
and Joseph, whose name introduces this 
memoir. The mother of these died in 
1846. In 1858 Hubert Henrigilles sold 
his property in Belgium, and in the fall of 
the year took passage at Antwerp for New 
York, where he and his family landed 
after a voyage of thirty-six days. From 
New York they proceeded westward to 
Chicago, 111., and here remained two 
months, at the end of which time they 
came to Pcshtigo, Wis., where the father 
and son entered the employ of Ogdcn, the 
lumber and railroad man. They worked 
in sawmills, and also at vessel loading 
until i860, when they removed to New 
Hamburg, Scott Co., Mo., and here the 
father engaged in (arming and other pur- 
suits until 1 87 1, when he returned to 
\\'isconsin, and passed the remainder of 

his life in De Pere township, Brown 
county, at the home of his son. He died 
in 1892, at the age of ninety, a member 
of the Catholic Church, and in politics a 
Republican. While a resident of Missouri 
he enlisted in the home guards, on the 
Union side. 

Joseph Henrigilles was reared to agri- 
cultural life, and received his education in 
the common schools of his native place, 
the instruction being principall)' in 
French, but he also received a fair train- 
ing in the English language. When 
eighteen years of age he came with his 
father to the United States, and his first 
work in the New World was for the Ogden 
Company, near Peshtigo. Wis., as pre- 
viously stated. The first private resi- 
dence in Peshtigo was built for his father, 
but it was never taken off the contractor's 
hands. Later our subject engaged in 
fishing, and in i860 he went to New Ham- 
burg, Scott Co., Mo., and there joined 
Company B, Scott County (Mo.j Home 
Guards, Volunteer Battalion. On August, 
15, 1 86 1, he enlisted in Company B. First 
Missouri Cavalry, Hubbard's Battalion, at 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo., for three years, 
or during the war. In 1863 he was pro- 
moted to corporal, and on December 31, 
same year he was honorably discharged at 
Little Rock, Ark. The ne.\t day, January 
1, 1 864, he re-enlisted in the same company 
and regiment, and served to the close of 
the war, receiving his final discharge Sep- 
tember I, 1865. Mr. Henrigilles was 
taken ill in St. Louis soon after his enroll- 
ment, and was sent to the hospital, where 
he suffered much for want of proper food. 
After leaving the hospital he joined his 
regiment at Tipton. Mo., and thence went 
to Springfield, same State, under the 
command of Gen. Fremont, subsequently 
returned to Tipton, where he was taken 
ill with fever, and, upon his recovery, he 
rejoined his regiment at Springfield, Mo., 
to assist in driving the Rebels from the 
State. The latter returning, the engage- 
ment at Pea Ridge took place. At Sugar 
Creek a friend of our subject was wounded. 



and Mr. Henrigilles was sent to the hos- 
pital with him. This estabhshment had 
been moved three miles from its first lo- 
cation, and on March 7, 1862, it was at- 
tacked by the Rebels, the building being 
between the fires of both armies. From 
there our subject was sent to Cassville, 
Mo., was appointed hospital steward, and, 
after some four months rejoined his com- 
mand at Spri^igficld. For a time he served 
as scout, and was then engaged with i, 300 
other men in the pursuit of Col. Coffee. The 
Confederates were driven from the State, 
and the pursuers returned to Mt. Vernon, 
Mo. Our subject was then detailed with 
one hundred other men to guard a mill at 
Newtonia, Mo., which was thirtj'-three 
miles from the Union and five miles from 
the Confederate camp. The second day 
the horse Mr. Henrigilles rode gave out. 
When the detachment arrived at New- 
tonia they were met by 1,600 Confederates, 
forming into line for battle, and Capt. 
Adams, who had the command, ordered 
the men to take care of themselves. Our 
subject was captured, put in a pen with a 
score of others, and taken to Sugar Creek, 
where all their effects were taken from 
them, and the}' were kept on the bare 
ground. Thence the}' were conveyed 
across Arkansas, via Elm Springs, Fay- 
etteville, £)ver the Ozark mountains to 
Van Buren, and from there to Fort Smith, 
where they were held for three months, 
scantily clothed and fed, and with bricks 
for their bed. They were paroled at Lit- 
tle Rock, and from there Mr. Henrigilles 
went to Helena, Ark., and after remaining 
in that city several weeks joined his bat- 
talion at Rolla, Mo. He was again on 
scouting duty for a while, and then went 
to Pilot Knob and Jackson, Mo., being 
with his command when it encountered 
Gen. Marmaduke and drove him from the 
State, capturing the towns of Pilot Knob 
and, later. Little Rock, Ark. The winter 
was spent at Benton, Ark., scouting, and 
they then joined the Camden expedition, 
bein? assigned tc the command of Gen. 
Steele; they were on the march for forty- 

two days, fifteen days without drawing 
rations, and three days without having 
anything to eat. On the return to Little 
Rock, our subject was granted a veteran 
furlough. He afterward was detailed to 
carry mail from Camden, Ark., to Wash- 
ington, Arkansas. 

Major Hubbard's battalion, or the 
battalion to which Mr. Henrigilles be- 
longed, was engaged in the following ac- 
tions: Springfield, Mo., October 26, 1861; 
Little Blue, Mo., November 11, 1861; 
Clinton, Mo., December 17, 1861; Silver 
Creek, Mo , January 8, 1862; Spring- 
field, Mo., February t2, 1862; Cross 
Timber, Ark., P^ebruary 16, 1862; charge 
at Sugar Creek, Ark., February 18,1862; 
first capture at Fayetteville, Ark., Feb- 
ruary 28, 1862; Pea Ridge, Ark., March 
6, 7 and 8; Neosho, Mo., April 26, 1862; 
Cowskin Prairie, April 24, 1862; Berry- 
ville. Ark., May 20, 1862; Fayetteville, 
Ark., June 27, 1862; Newtonia, Mo., 
September 13, 1862; Seneca Mill, Ind. 
Ter. ,Septemberi6, 1862; McGuire's Ford, 
Ark., October 28, 1862; Prairie Grove, 
Ark. .December 7,1862; Van Buren, Ark., 
December 28, 1862; Chalk Bluff, Mo., 
May 5, 1863; Bayou Metre, Ark., August 
20, 1863; Shallow Ford, Ark. , August 25, 
1863; Caddo Gap, Ark., November 7, 
1863; Cedar Glade, Ark., November 10, 
1863; Arkadelphia, Ark., March 3, 1864; 
Spoonville, Ark., March 5, 1864; Little 
Missouri River, Ark., March 10, 1864 
Prairie D'Anne, Ark., March 13, 1864 
Poison Spring, Ark., March 14, 1864 
capture of Camden, Ark. .March 15, 1864 
Jenkins Ferry. Ark., April 30, 1864. 
General Steele's division, which had suf- 
fered heavily in incessant skirmishing 
through the entire march to make con- 
nection with Banks from Little Rock, was 
attacked on the Sal)ine river, in Arkansas, 
by the consolidated forces of Generals 
Kirby Smith and Price — 5,000 Union 
soldiers against 20,000 Rebels. A battle 
of about eight hours' duration ensued, 
which was one of the sharpest contests 
of the Southwest in the war, but resulted 


in a victor}- for the Union force, whicfi 
saved Little Roct; and Arkansas to the 
United States Government. The army of 
the Frontier, to which our subject's regi- 
ment had been assigned, was designed to 
put an end to the combination of Rebels 
and Indians, and to do service in all 
capacities where needed; consequently 
it performed duties of the most arduous 
and dangerous character, much of which 
has never been portrayed on the pages of 
history. They were occupied successively 
in expeditions against the Rebels and In- 
dians, connected with the Confederate 
forces in skirmishes with Rebel guerrillas, 
bushwhackers, etc. ; and of such heavy 
marches as were made by the cavalry and 
sharpshooters history has no record. 

Joseph Henngilles received his dis- 
charge September 1,1865, at Little Rock, 
Ark. , and immediately proceeded to De- 
Pere, Wis., in the hope of recovering his 
health, which had broken down com- 
pletely in his long service. For two years 
thereafter he worked in a sawmill for 
David Loy. On December i, 1866, Mr. 
Henrigilles was married, in De Pere, by 
Father Verboort, to Miss Mary B. Bor- 
man, who was born February 4, 1850, in 
Belgium. She was one of a family of six 
children (two now living) who came with 
their parents to the United States in 1855, 
and was reared in Brown county. Wis. 
For about five years the young couple 
had their residence on the Borman home- 
stead, and then, in 1871, took up their 
home on the place where they are yet re- 
siding, lot 20, private claim 36, De Pere 
township. At that time the tract com- 
prised twenty acres of heavily-wooded 
land, but it has since been increased to 
eighty-five acres. Although he has been 
in poor health ever since the war, Mr. 
Henrigilles has been a hard worker, and 
his good management and progressive 
habits have brought him success. He is 
naturally intelligent, keeps himself well 
informed on the general topics of the day, 
and reads considerably. He is a fine pen- 
man, and, had he devoted much time to 

it, he would undobtedly ha\e become an 
artist in this line. In his political affilia- 
tions Mr. Henrigilles is a stanch supporter 
of the Republican party, and, as such, has 
been elected to various offices, serving his 
township as justice of the peace, as town 
clerk for several years, assessor and su- 
pervisor, and at present he holds the office 
of district clerk. In religious faith he 
and his wife are both members of the 
Catholic Church. To their union have 
been born the following named fifteen 
children: Mary T. (now Mrs. Joseph 
Martin, of Lawrence township), Mary E. 
(now Mrs. Hubert Duquaine, of De Pere 
township), Mary L. (now Mrs. Henry Von 
Vonderen, of De Pere township), Joseph, 
Mary H., Mary L. , Ann J., Mary T. , 
Hubert H., Laura E., .\lise C, Ida M., 
Elionor L. , Catherine E., and Mar}- L. ; 
of whom Mary H., Mary L. , MaryT. , 
Mary L. , and Ann J. are deceased. 

ALVIN HUNTER, a prosperous 
husbandman of Suamico town- 
ship, Brown county, is a native of 
Maine, born in Kennebec county, 
March 24, 1844. His parents, Arthur 
and Emeline (Smith) Hunter, were also 
natives of the same place, the former 
born in 1816, dying at the age of seventy- 
four; the latter still enjoys life on the old 
home farm. Of their three children, Al- 
vin is one of the two surviving. 

Our subject worked among the granite 
hills of his native State, assisting on the 
home farm, until the blast of war called 
him from his home. He was nearly 
twenty years old when he enlisted, Decem- 
ber 5, 1863, in Company F, First Maine 
Cavalry, and he did faithful service until 
March 31. 1865, when he was wounded 
at Dinwiddle C. H., Va. ; he was honor- 
ably discharged June 27, 1S65, from hos- 
pital at Augusta, Maine. After the close 
of the war he came to Brown county. 
Wis. , anti bought a forty-acre tract of 
land, but he followed teaming for a liveli- 



hood uncil his marriage, which took place 
November 28, 1868, to Miss Rose Bru- 
nette, who was a native of Green Bay, 
born in 1842. Her parents, Prudent 
and Mary L. (Reynold) Brunette, were 
natives of Canada, who came in 1854 to 
the United States, where they died at the 
respective afjes of eighty-eight and seven- 
ty-nine, the father passing away first. 
They were born in 1804 and 1805, re- 
spectively, and their longevity was the 
result, no doubt, of the steady habits that 
descended to their children, of whom 
they had eleven, four of them still living. 
To Alvin and Rose Hunter were born nine 
children, as follows: Ida E., married 
to Ed. J. CofTin, and has two sons; 
Edward A., married to Verna Codington; 
Cora M., second wife of N. J. Putnam, 
by whom she has two daughters; Lillian 
(f^rst wife of N. J. Putnam), who died 
leaving one child; George, who died at 
the age of four months; and Willie A., 
Walter O. , George D. and Charles L. , 
all four at home. 

At the time of his marriage Mr. Hun- 
ter settled on his purchase of forty acres, 
which he cultivated twenty 3'ears and 
then went east, and for one summer 
worked on his father's farm, after which 
he returned to Wisconsin and bought a 
new farm of eighty acres, on which he 
still lives. In his political preferences Mr. 
Hunter is a Republican, having cast his 
first Presidential vote for U. S. Grant in 
1868, since when he has been active in 
party work, and has held several offices; 
he is now chairman of his township. 
Socially he is an active member of T. O. 
Howe Post, No. 124, G. A. R., of Green 
Bay, and he and his wife are regular at- 
tendants of Calvary Church. 

CM. WINTON, general farmer and 
stock-raiser, of De Pere township. 
Brown county, is one of the best- 
known and most highly respected 
men in his community. He was born July 

2-j, 1S50, in Meadville, Crawford Co., 
Penn., son of Charles Winton, who was 
a native of Centreville, same county. 

The Winton family are descended from 
English ancestry, who settled in Pennsyl- 
vania about the beginning of the present 
century, coming either from New York 
or one of the New England States. When 
a young man Charles Winton married, in 
his native county. Miss Phcebe Waid, who 
was also born there. He was a farmer of 
but limited means, and in 1854 he brought 
his family westward to Wisconsin, where 
cheap homes could then be had by those 
who were willing to undergo the numerous 
trials and inconveniences which were the 
common lot of the pioneer. He first lo- 
cated in Rock county, where he spent the 
winter of 1854-5, and in the spring of 
1855 removed farther north to Glenmore 
township, at that time one of the wildest 
sections of Brown county. Some timber 
had been cut from the land, but the greater 
part of the country was still in its primi- 
tive state, and the life of the early settler 
was one of constant hardship, privation 
and danger. In 1865 Mr. Winton re- 
moved to De Pere township, where his 
wife died in 1872. He now makes his 
home in Daggett, Mich. They had a 
family of ten children — five sons and five 
daughters — all of whom but one, Edgar, 
are yet living. 

Charles Mead Winton was but four 
years of age when he came with his par- 
ents to Wisconsin, and his early education 
was such as the common district schools 
of that early day afforded. In the mean- 
time he also received a thorough training 
on the farm, and remained with his par- 
ents until 1872, when he decided to pay 
a visit to his birthplace in Pennsylvania. 
The superior educational advantages to be 
had in the East became so apparent to 
him that he concluded to remain, and for 
five years attended school at Centreville, 
Crawford Co. , Penn., where he received 
thorough instruction, and in 1879 he re- 
turned to Wisconsin. 

On July 20, 1 88 1, Mr. Winton was 



married in De Pere, to Miss Harriet G. 
Phelps, a native of Janesville Wis., 
daughter of Jeremiah and Theresa Phelps, 
natives of New York State, who came to 
Wisconsin in an early day. In 1879 Mr. 
Winton bought the old homestead, and 
after his marriage he made it his perma- 
nent home; it now consists of eighty acres 
of fertile land, where he conducts a gen- 
eral farming and stock-raising business. 
By industry and perseverance he has 
greatly improved his farm and home. In 
politics he is a stanch adherent of the 
principles of the Republican party, and 
in 1 89 1, 1893 and 1894 was elected town- 
ship assessor, in which position he is 
proving himself an able officer. Mrs. 
Winton is a member of the M. E. Church 
in De Pere. They have had one child, 
Aden L. , who was born September 25, 
1882. Mr. Winton is a great reader, 
keeping himself well informed on general 
topics, and he and his wife are highly es- 
teemed in the communitj-. 

LEONARD BONE, retired mer- 
chant, of De Pere, was born about 
thirty miles southwest of Montreal, 
Canada, in the village of Vau- 
dreuil, February 2, 1826. a son of Andrew 
and Monick (Lesbuay) Bone, both also 
natives of Canada and of French descent. 
At the age of eleven years our sub- 
ject was permitted to make his residence 
with a wealthy gentleman, who, in return 
for Leonard's services, was to gi\e him a 
good education, but who wholly neglected 
so to do, the result being that the lad, when 
nearly seventeen years old, quit the em- 
ploy of the party mentioned and made 
ills way to Whitehall, N. Y. , when not 
(]uite seventeen. A few weeks later he 
reached Albany, in the same State, where 
he was fortunate enough to secure work 
with a stonecutter, and, although a novice. 
was soon able to earn si.\ty-five dollars a 
month, and this business he followed 
about eighteen months. Times becoming 

tiull, ho\\e\er, he engaged at work as a 
farm hand seven miles from Albany, lie- 
ginning at three dollars per month, but at 
the end of the first month his wages were 
increased to ten dollars, his employer find- 
ing him to be worth that amount, .\fter 
a two-month's sickness, he was married at 
Albany to Miss Jane Remington, a native 
of Two Rivers, Canada, l)orn September 
27, 1823, a (laughter of John and Vic- 
toria (LeClainJ Remington, the former of 
whom was (jf English descent, the latter 
of French. Shortly after his marriage 
Mr. Bone came west and found employ- 
ment at stone-cutting in Joliet, 111., where 
he worked two jears, ami was then per- 
suaded by William Townsend to embark 
in the hotel business at Chicago, where, 
within two years, he lost all he had in- 
vested — seventeen hundred dollars- — and 
was obligetl to borrow fifty dollars to en- 
able him to leave that city. About this 
time, in i 849. he first came to De Pere, 
but did not stay long, preferring to 
go to Pensaukee, where, for a year, he 
managed a boarding house forF. B. Gard- 
ner, who operated a sawmill, and for his 
own and his wife's services received thirty 
dollars per month; the following four 
years their compensation was one thou- 
sand one hundred dollars per year. Mr. 
and Mrs. Bone then settled on a farm of 
eighty acres near De Pere, which he cul- 
tivated some \ears, and then went into the 
grocery business within the limits of the 
city, where he erected the first brick block 
and accunuilated a competence that justi- 
fied his retirement fifteen years ago. Mr. 
and Mrs. I^one are members of the Cath- 
olic Church, and in politics he is a Re- 
publican. There have been no children 
born to then), but they have" reared, from 
the age of thirteen months, Kate Palmer, 
now happily married t<> Michael Tessier, 
and with him living in Nebraska; they 
have also reared Leonard Tessier (son of 
Michael and Kate), a graduate of the Oe- 
Pere High School and of the University 
of Wisconsin, and who is now superin- 
tendent of the Electric Light Works at 



De Pere; in addition to these adopted 
children, they also reared a nephew, 
Julian Bone, from the age of twelve to 
twenty years. What more need be said 
as to the native kindness of their hearts? 

ANTHONY GOEMANS (deceased), 
who durinf;- his lifetime was a 
much respected faimer of Rock- 
land township. Brown count}', 
was a native of Holland, born September 
29, 1 82 1, in the province of Limburg. 
He was a son of John Goemans, a well- 
to-do fajmer, who had six children, An- 
thony being the eldest in the family. 

During his youth Anthony Goemans 
had very limited educational advantages, 
as he had to commence work very early 
in life, and was reared to farming, which 
he alwa3s followed. In 1856, hearing 
that he would have better wages and op- 
portunities for advancement in the United 
States, he left his native country, and 
coming to Wisconsin remained here ten 
years, engaging in various kinds of work. 
In 1866 he returned to Holland, and on 
February 28, 1867, was there married to 
Miss Joanna Bernards, who was born No- 
vember 5, 1839, daughter of John Ber- 
nards, a farmer of that country. Bid- 
ding farewell to their home and friends, 
they left Holland a month after their 
marriage, and, proceeding from Rotter- 
dam to Glasgow, took passage there on 
a vessel bound for New York, at which 
port they landed after a voyage of twenty- 
four days. Their destination being in 
Wisconsin, they proceeded thither by 
rail, and after a short stay in Little 
Chute, Outagamie county, came to De- 
Pere township. Brown count)', where Mr. 
Goemans purchased a tract of eighty 
acres in Section 11. The land had not 
been improved in any way; in some 
places it was covered with logs and wood, 
all of which had to be cleared away, the 
task involving no small amount of hard 
work; but being anxious to have a home he 

could call his own, Mr. Goemans perse- 
vered, and in time succeeded in hewing a 
fine property out of the dense forest. On 
this farm all their children were born, as 
follows: Anna M. (Mrs. Martin Baeten), 
John W., Mary M. (Mrs. Henry Herm- 
sen, of Green Bay), Frank S., Peter J., 
Katie, Christina M., Herbert, and Nellie 
E. Of these, John W. is a carpenter by 
trade, moves buildings, drives piles, and 
builds bridges; Frank S. entered the 
monastery of the Servite Fathers Sep- 
tember 4, 1894, and is still there. On 
January 2, 1886, the father of this family 
was called from earth, and was buried in 
De Pere Cemetery. He was a Catholic 
in religious faith, and in politics a Demo- 
crat. At the time of his death the eld- 
est of the nine chddren was but seventeen 
years of age, but Mrs. Goemans has car- 
ried on the farm successfully, and has dis- 
played no little business ability and sa- 
gacity in the management of the place, 
which comprises i 20 acres of prime land. 
The farm work is now attended to by the 
sons, Peter J. and Herbert, who have 
proven themselves fully competent, and 
the entire family are respected for their 
industry wherever thej- are known. In 
church connection they are all members 
of St. Mary's Catholic Congregation, 
De Pere. 

JOSEPH HOEFFEL, president of 
the Allouez Mineral Spring Com- 
pany, of Green Bay, was born March 
25, 1825, in the town of Lichtenberg, 
Province of Lorraine, France. The first 
of the family of whom we have any record, 
was Joseph Hoeffel (grandfather of our 
subject), who was a mechanic, following 
his trade in France. He reared a family 
of six children — five sons and one daugh- 
ter — all of whom received good educa- 
tions, becoming for the most part teachers 
and musicians. 

Of the sons, Anthony (father of our 
subject) was brought up to the tiade of 


/-^f^ #St% 




weaver, which he followed in Europe for 
some time. In his military service, which 
ended with Waterloo, he was in the army 
of Napoleon the Great, doing garrison 
duty chiefly. In iSio he was united in 
marriage to Miss Cecelia Carabin, who 
bore him ten children, of whom Louis 
died at Havre, France, in the fall of 1828, 
while the family were en roiiteio Amencs.. 
In the United States they made their 
home at Norwalk, Huron Co., Ohio, 
where they followed farming with consid- 
erable success. The father being a 
weaver, as already related, constructed a 
loom for himself and manufactured cloth 
for his neighbors, as well as for family 
use. He was devoted to music, and was 
for many years leader of church choirs. 
His wife died at the age of forty, in 1 840, 
and two years later he married Miss Mary 
Beyer, who passed away, in 1857, aged 
sixty-Hve years. Both wives died at Nor- 
walk, where he himself departed this life 
March 10, 1861, aged seventy-four years. 
Joseph Hoeffel, the subject properof this 
sketch, received his education at Norwalk, 
Ohio. When seventeen years of age he 
began to learn carriage making, and at 
the end of a three-years' apprenticeship, 
October 8, 1845, came to Milwaukee, 
Wis. , where he followed his trade as a 
journeyman one year. On August 10, 
1846, he moved to Brookfield, Waukesha 
county, and here he engaged in the busi- 
ness of manufacturing carriages, etc. In 
1848, he visited Norwalk, Ohio, and was 
married November 3 to Miss Catharine 
Frye, who bore him a son, A. Louis 
Hoeffel. Mrs. Hoeffel died at Brookfield, 
Wis., June 13, 1850, and May 20, 1851, 
Mr. Hoeffel was again married, this time 
at Waukesha, Wis., to Miss Frances 
Knowles, by which union nine children 
have been born, of whom are now living 
the following named si.\: Frank, Sylves- 
ter, Elizabeth, Agnes, Joseph P. and 
James I. 

In the fall of 1853. at the first Wis- 
consin State Fair, held at Watertown, 
W^is., Mr. Hoeffel exhibited a full line of 

carriages, wagons, etc.. of his own manu- 
facture, and received awards on his 
patents in gearing. On May i, 1856, he 
sold out his Brookfield business and re- 
moved to Green Bay, W^is., arriving June 
28, 1856. The same year he erected a 
store building on Washington street, and 
opened a general store, conducting same 
until 1 87 1. In the spring of 1872, hav- 
ing acquired property at Oconto, Wis., 
he moved there, and started a store. prospered and his sons, Frank 
and Sylvester, after assisting him in the 
business a number of years, purchased 
same in 1886, Mr. Hoeffel retiring, owing 
to poor health. 

In 1888. an accidental discovery de- 
cided Mr. Hoeffel to again enter business 
life. While o\erseeing some improve- 
ments on his Astor Hill property at 
Green Bay he drank freely of the waters 
of a spring at the foot of the hill. The 
prompt action of the water on his en- 
feebled system and the remarkable relief 
he experienced from its use convinced 
him of its great medicinal value. He 
arranged at once for a thorough and ex- 
haustive analysis of the water. Samples 
were forwarded to Prof. \\'. W. Daniells, 
the distinguished professor of chemistry 
and pharmacy in the \\'isconsin State 
Universit}', Madison, and, after a com- 
plete and scientific analysis of the water, 
he subsmitted same: 


Chkmicai, Lahoratokiks, { 
Madi.son, Wis., AiiRiLst 13, 1888. ) 
Jcsepli Hoeffel: 

Deak Sir: The sample of sprinp water re- 
ceived from yoii for analysis has the followiti}^ 
composition, expressed in (jrains, per United 
States standard ^'allon of 231 cubic inches: 

Sodium chloride 4.25525 

Potassium sulphate 0.12072 

Sodium sulphate 3.4,^82li 

Calcium sulphate 0.107.S8 

Sodium phosphate trace. 

Hicarbonate of iron 0.062ST 

Ricarbonato of lime 24.68C>62 

nicarbonato of mafrnesia 27.53300 

Oxide of aluminum (alumina). . 0.17470 
Silica and insoluble residue. . . . 1. '17160 

Total jrrains per U. S. (fal. .62.38«.0 
Temperature, ■tfi dejfrces Fahrenheit. 



This is au unustiallj' large amount of solids 
to find in a Wisconsin mineral water — the largf- 
est amount I have ever found. The salts that 
exist in unusual quantities are magnesia, 
sodium salts, sulphuric acid, lime and chlorine. 
Of these I have made duplicate determinations, 
to be assured of their accurac.v. 

You will note its freedom from organic mat- 
ter. Yours truly. 

IProfessorof Analytical and Applied Chemistr3-. 

The receipt of this exceedingly favor- 
able analysis from so reliable a source, 
and the action of the water on Mr. Hoef- 
fel having proved same to be possessed of 
positive curative virtues, determined him 
to develop the springs and place the water 
before the public that others might like- 
wise enjoy its healing powers. The an- 
alysis of Allouez Water reveals the fact 
that it is the strongest alkaline (antacid) 
mineral water known. The combination 
of the salts of sodium, magnesia, lime, 
iron and silica with carbonic, sulphuric, 
and hydrochloric acids, all in perfect solu- 
tion, is a rare one. This fact at once 
brought it into prominence before the 
public. Physicians, especially, recog- 
nized in the harmonious blending of these 
therapeutic properties, a sovereign rem- 
edy, whose use is indicated in all dis- 
eases of the allied phenomena of the uric 
acid diathesis, viz. : Diabetes, Bright's 
disease, inflammation of the bladder and 
kidneys, rheumatism, dyspepsia, torpid 
liver, cloudy urine, gravel, suppression of 
urine, calculi or stone in bladder, consti- 
pation, piles, catarrh of the stomach, 
nervous debility, gout, rheumatic gout, 
dropsy, sick headache, female weakness, 
and eczema. In the short period of time 
since the discovery of the medicinal vir- 
tues of Allouez, the reputation and fame 
of the water have become widespread. 
The marvelous curative power it possesses 
has gained for it the attention of the 
medical profession in various parts of this 
country, who recommend and prescribe 
it, often where medicine has failed to ef- 
fect a cure. As a remedy it acts the 
same alone or in connection with medi- 
cal treatment. The demand for Allouez 

is constantl}' inceasing, and thousands of 
cases of bottled water are shipped annu- 
ally. The springs were named ' ' Allouez " 
in honor of Pere Claude Allouez, the in- 
trepid missionary who founded the first 
Indian mission in 1668 (225 years ago), 
but a short distance from these springs. 
That the medical virtues of the waters of 
these springs were known to the Indians 
and early missionaries may be inferred 
from extracts taken from Marquette's 
Journal: "Embarking in our canoes, 
we left the river and nation of the Wild 
Oats (Menominees), and soon reached the 
extremity of Bay des Puants (Green Bay). 
Leaving this bay, we entered the river 
emptying into it. We found the river 
full of bustard, duck, teal and other water 
birds, attracted by the wild oats growing. 
I had the curiosity to drink the mineral 
waters found not far from here. " 

The following is a short sketch of Mr. 
Hoeffel's seven living children: (I). A. 
Louis, eldest of the seven living children, 
was born at Brookfield, Wis., September 
4, 1849, and moved with his parents to 
Green Bay, where he was educated; he 
became a marine engineer, which voca- 
tion he now follows; he is married and 
has four children. (II). John Francis 
was born at Brookfield, Wis., June 25, 
1853, and came with his parents to Green 
Bay, where he received his education in 
the public schools; later he attended St. 
Francis Seminary at Milwaukee, Wis. ; 
in 1883, he married Miss Clara Saylor, of 
Saugatuck, Mich., who died June 12, 
1883; on January 25, 1888, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Adelaide Doolittle, at 
Whitewater, W^is. ; he is now located in 
business at Chicago; they have one son, 
Basil D., born October 26, 1888. (III). 
Sylvester was born October 10, 1857, at 
Brookfield, Wis., came to Green Bay with 
his parents, and pursued his studies in the 
public schools; in 1871, he engaged in 
mercantile business in Oconto, where he 
still resides; he was married May 25, 
1 88 1, to Miss Genevieve Heath, of Osh- 
kosh, and they have five children, their 



names and dates of birth being as follows: 
Paul S., June 12, 1885; Mildred G., Oc- 
tober 27, 1888; Marion F., October 27, 
1888; Gerald N., June 20, 1892; Ken- 
neth M., March 29, 1894. (IV). Eliza- 
beth was born at Green Bay, Wis., June 

8, 1858; after graduating from the high 
school here, she attended St. Mary's In- 
stitute at Milwaukee, Wis., in 1875, where 
she graduated four years later; she was 
united in marriage with Dr. P. O'Keefe, 
at Oconto, Wis., January 31, 1883, -where 
they still reside; they have four children, 
Horace V. , born December 28, 1 884; Jes- 
sie A., born October 9, 1886; Carroll J., 
born September i, 1889; and Gertrude 
L. , born June 2, 1894. (V). Agnes C. 
was born December 3, i860, at Green 
Bay, Wis. ; received a thorough high school 
and convent education; in 1878, she 
studied painting at Chicago, under Prof. 
Gregori, for two years, also music at the 
Chicago Conservatory; on October 10, 
1 88 1, she was united in marriage at 
Oconto, Wis., to Henry U. Cole, where 
they continue to reside; they have seven 
children, their names and dates of birth 
being as follows: Francis M., August 3, 
1882; Minnie Cecile, December 15, 1883; 
Helen, August, 1886; Henry U., April 26, 
1888; Pauline A., July 15'. 1889; Agnes 
C, September 27, 1892; Kathleen, June 

9. 1894. (VI). Joseph P., born Septem- 
ber 17, 1861, at Green Bay, Wis., 
was educated at the public schools; in 
1879, he attended the College of the Sa- 
cred Heart at Watertown, Wis., finishing 
his studies there; after seven years' ex- 
perience in his father's store in Oconto, 
he came to Green Bay in April, 1889, 
where he and James I. (mentioned below) 
engaged in the shoe business; he is inter- 
ested in the Allouez Mineral Spring Com- 
pany, at Green Bay, directing the man- 
agement of the same; he was united in 
marriage to Miss Christine Romana Waite, 
of Pewaukce, Wis., February 3, 1S90, 
and they have one son, Joseph Merrill, 
born October 31, 1890. (VII). James I. 
was born .April i, 1863, at Green Bay, 

Wis. ; after attending the public schools 
here and at Oconto, he entered the Col- 
lege of the Sacred Heart at Watertown, 
Wis., finishing his studies there in 1881; 
having secured a business cducaiion in his 
father's store at Oconto, he came to 
Green Bay, 1889, and associated himself 
in the shoe business with his brother, 
Joseph P. ; he is also interested in the 
Allouez Mineral Spring Company; he is 
not married. 

THOMAS RYAN, who for the past 
forty years has been actively 
identified with the agricultural in- 
terests of Rockland township. 
Brown county, was born November 10, 
1833, in County' Tipperary, Ireland, son 
of Patrick and Nora Ryan, the former of 
whom, who was a farmer, died in 1846, 
leaving a widow and seven children — 
four sons and three daughters. In 1853, 
having determined to try their fortune in 
the New World, the family proceeded to 
Liverpool, where they took passage on 
the "Arctic," bound for New York, in 
which city they landed after a voyage of 
five weeks and five days. Going to 
Otsego county, N. Y., they remained 
there a year and a half, the sons engag- 
ing in farm work, and then came west- 
ward to Brown county, Wis., by water, 
arriving in Green Bay in November, 1855. 
After coming to Wisconsin, our sub- 
ject worked in Oconto county and vicini- 
ty for some time, following various pur- 
suits, principally farming. In i860 he 
purchased forty acres of new land in Sec- 
tion 10, Rockland township (being obliged 
to go into debt for a portion of this 
tract), and built thereon a rude, though 
comfortable log house, in which he and 
his mother made their home. As the 
farm yielded no support for some years, 
he followed lumbering during the winter 
season for several years, devoting the 
rest of the year to clearing and improving 
the land. He has not only succeeded in 
converting the original forty acres into a 

J 74 


fertile, well-iultivated tract, but has 
added thereto until he now has a tine 
farm of i6o acres. His property has 
been gathered by years of industry and 
untiring energy, and he is a self-made 
man in the full sense of the word, having 
risen from a poor boy to his present 
enviable position among the leading 
farmers of Rockland township. He has 
been called upon to serve in various of- 
fices of honor and trust in his township, 
such as member of the school board, 
supervisor and chairman, and has dis- 
charged the duties imposed upon him in a 
creditable and highly satisfactory manner. 
In his political preferences he is a Demo- 
crat, though not strictly partisan, in local 
elections voting for the best man regard- 
less of party ties. 

In November, 1865, Mr. Kyan was 
married to Miss Margaret Lee, a native 
of County Galway, Ireland, daughter of 
Michael Lee, who was a farmer of I^ock- 
land township. After marriage the young 
couple immediately took up their resi- 
dence on the farm, where, in 1886, Mr. 
Ryan erected one of the most substantial 
rural homes in the vicinity. This union 
has been blessed with children as follows: 
Catherine, Mrs. H. P. Crist, of \\'ausau- 
kee, Wis.; .Agatha, a school-teacher of 
De Pere; Patrick J., at home; .Marie 
Anna, a school-teacher of Wausaukee; 
Michael E., at home, who attends the 
high school in West De Pere; Winnifred, 
attendingthe State Normal School at Osh- 
kosh; Timothy, going to school in De- 
Pere; and Thomas and Robert, at home. 
These children ha\'e all had e.xcellent 
educational opportunities, of which they 
have not been slow to take advantage 
and to fully appreciate, and the entire 
family are among the highly respected 
ones of the vicinity. In religious connec- 
tion they are members of St. Francis 
Chm-ch, De Pere. During the Civil war 
Mr. Ryan enlisted, on January i, 1865, 
at Green Bay, in Company I, Fifty-first 
Regiment A\'is., V. I. and served during 
the remainder of the struggle on scouting 

and guard duty, receiving an honorable 
discharge at Madison, Wis., August i, 
same year. 

CF. GOODELL, station agent 
and general local representative 
of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railway Company at De- 
Pere, is a practical railroad man. When 
but a youth of seventeen he was initiated 
into the mysteries of telegraphy, and since 
that time his rise, though gradual, has 
been marked. There are probably no 
other business concerns conducted by 
large corporations in which ability and 
attention to duty are more promptly 
rewarded by promotion than in our great 
railway systems, where precision, effi- 
ciency, and reliability are e.xtremely es- 
sential, and in these respects our subject, 
though thoroughly tried, has not been 
found wanting. 

C. F. Goodell is the son of Watson 
and Luvilla (Stranahan) Goodell, the 
former of whom was born in Schenectady, 
N. Y., the latter in Utica, N. Y., both 
descendants of sturdy New England stock. 
Watson Goodell received a good common- 
school education in the schools of Albany, 
N. Y. , and later in life became an expert 
accountant, a profession he followed for 
several years. His health having become 
impaired in the comparatively confining 
work, Mr. Goodell, thinking the change 
would prove beneficial, decided to remove 
to Wisconsin, then considered the "Far 
West." Accordingly, in about 1850, he 
removed hither, and made his first loca- 
tion near Oconomowoc, where he com- 
menced farming. At that time the coun- 
try was entirely new, and the land being 
covered with timber, the work was at- 
tended with many hardships; but the 
change brought about the result he had 
hoped for, and his health improved. He 
had married, in New York State. ^Miss 
Luvilla Stranahan, who survives him, and 
they had three children: C. F. ; Carrie; 
and Maria, the wife of J. H. Le Grand, a 


prominent politician and at present count}- 
auditor of Buena Vista county, Iowa, with 
residence in Storm Lake. Mr. Goodell 
passed from earth in June, 1890, in Port- 
age, Wis., and his widow now resides 
with her daughter Maria, in Storm Lake, 
Iowa. In poHtics he was a stanch mem- 
ber of the Republican party, and at one 
time served as justice of the peace in his 
township. He was a member of the Con- 
gregational Church, as is also his widow, 
though she was originally a member of 
the Episcopal Church. Shortly after his 
removal to Wisconsin Mr. Goodell went to 
Pardeeville, where he had his residence 
several years. 

C. F. Goodell was born October 5, 
1853, in Oconomowoc, Wis., and received 
at first an elementary education, after- 
ward taking a more complete course in 
the schools of Oconomowoc. W'hen 
seventeen _\ears old he entered a railwa}- 
othce at Pardeeville, Wis., on what was 
then the St. Paul road, where, under A. 
E. Cole, station agent at that place, he 
obtained his first knowledge of telegraphy. 
When he had advanced far enough to re- 
ceive and send messages he was placed in 
the capacity of " extra man " on the then 
Northern division, from Horicon Junction 
to Portage City, Wis. , and later, while 
still in his "teens, " was given charge of 
the office at Rolling Prairie, Wis. He 
was next stationed at Winneconne, on the 
Northern division, as operator and clerk; 
afterward served as operator at Horicon 
Junction for two years, and then for a 
short time filled similar positions at Ripon 
and Oshkosh. Mr. Goodell then went to 
Milwaukee, where for a time he was in 
the train dispatcher's office of the Wis- 
consin Central, later going to Phillips, 
Wis., in the employ of the same com- 
pany, as operator and clerk at the chief 
engineers's headquarters. His first ex- 
perience as station agent was at Fifield. 
at which place he was stationed when 
there was not a house in the town, tents 
being the only shelter, and in addition to 
his regular duties he sold the lots there 

for the company, who owned the plat. 
From Fifield he was transferred to 
Waldo, Sheboygan county, where he 
again acted as agent, and here m the 
spring of 1878 he was united in marriage 
with Miss Carrie Ford, a native of Waldo, 
daughter of Benjamin Ford, who came here 
from Lake county, Ohio. In February, 
1882, Mr. Goodell came to De Pere, at 
which time the road through here was 
operated by the Wisconsin Central, and 
when the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway Company assumed charge he 
still continued in the office, and now has 
charge of their interests at this place. 

Our subject is a Republican, and a 
stanch adherent of the party, though be- 
jond voting regularly he takes no active 
part in political affairs. He is a leading 
member of the Congregational Church, 
being at present a trustee and superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school. Mr. and 
Mrs. Goodell have four children, namely: 
Harold V.. Charles W., Lula and 
.Mton W. 


vS. mar("..\ki:t aebisch- 

ER, widow of Samuel Aebischer, 
is a daughter of Charles and 
Barbara (Meringer) Bloom, who 
came to America from Germany when 
their daughter was about seven months 
old, locating first in New York. They 
fanned there until 1850. when they re- 
moved to Wisconsin, and they still live 
at Chilton, where they are engaged in the 
same vocation. They ha\e a family of 
nine chiklren. 

Samuel Aebischer was a native of 
Switzerland, and, on coming to America, 
in company with two brothers, first lo- 
cated at Elkhorn. Walworth Co.. Wis., 
where he learneil shoemaking. a trade he 
followed thirty-five years. The family 
came to Brown county in 1SS7. where 
Mr. .\eliischer bought a farm of 1 i 5 acres 
from a brother, and cultivated same until his 
death, which occurred when he was fifty- 
two years old. In the Civil war he served 



one year (1863) in Company K, Fourth 
Regiment Wis. V. C, and was discharged 
at Vicksburg, Miss., on account of sick- 
ness. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 
Aebischer took place October 13, 1867, 
and they had eight children, of whom five 
are still living, their names and dates of 
birth being as follows: Charles N., Sep- 
tember 25, 1870; Willie, March 7, 1872; 
Maggie, August 3, 1879; Minnie, April 
26, 1883; and Cora, June 21, 1885. It 
was not until after her husband's death 
that Mrs. Aebischer erected her pres- 
ent comfortable brick dwelling, where 
her son, Charles N., also lives. Mrs. 
Aebischer has proven herself to be a 
woman of no small business ability; but 
the affairs of the farm are now looked 
after by her son, Charles N. She is a 
devout member of the Lutheran Church, 
and is greatly respected throughout the 

known and popular druggist at 
West De Pere, Brown county, is 
a native of Fond du Lac, Wis., 
born April 11, 1859, and is a son of A. 
A. and Catherine (Trumbauer) Lange. 
A. A. Lange, a native of Berlin, Ger- 
many, came to the United States about 
1835, and, being an upholsterer, carried 
on that business at Fond du Lac for 
several years, and also at Milwaukee. 
Mrs. Catherine Lange came from Penn- 

The subject of this sketch was edu- 
cated in the schools of Fond du Lac, and 
at the age of seventeen entered the drug 
store of Dr. Wright. He remained in 
the same store ten years, the firm chang- 
ing twice in that time, first to A. De- 
Land, and then to Kellogg & Lange; 
then, in 1886-87, he carried on a drug 
store on his own account, in Brillion, 
Wis. In the fall of 1887 he came to De- 
Pere, and for three and a half years was 
employed in the drug store of William 
Workman. In 1890 he bought out his 

employer's business in West De Pere, 
and in 1893 moved to his present loca- 
tion, where he carries a full line of drugs, 
paints, wall paper, ammunition, station- 
ery, etc. , has- one of the neatest and best- 
equipped establishments of the kind in 
the town, and does a remunerative trade. 
In 1883 Mr. Lange married Miss Allie E. 
Megnussen, who has borne him three 
children, named respectively: Albert H., 
Roy Harrison and Arthur D. Mr. Lange 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and is very highly esteemed in the com- 

to-do farmer of Howard town- 
ship. Brown county, was born 
July 17, 1840, in Alexander, 
Washington Co., Maine, a son of Stephen 
and Betsey (Flood) Babcock. In 1873 
he come alone to Wisconsin. His par- 
ents had also come here, settling on the 
farm where our subject still resides, and 
here the father died at the age of seventy- 
five years, the mother at the age of 
seventy-seven. The\' \\ere the parents 
of twelve children, of whom two sons 
and three daughters are yet living. 

Stephen Babcock was a native of 
King's county, N. S., but when a young 
man came to the United States and made 
his home in Maine. Mrs. Betsey (Flood) 
Babcock was born in St. Matthews, 
Mass. , one of the nine children of Peter and 
Lucy (Snow) Flood, the former of whom 
was a shoemaker and harnessmaker, and 
died at Alexander, Maine, at a very ad- 
vanced age; he served through the Mexi- 
can war. Military ardor seems to have 
been inherent in the familv, as four of 
the grandsons, of the Babcock branch, 
did gallant service in the Civil war, in- 
cluding Augustin H., our subject, whose 
military record is mentioned farther on; 
his brother William died while in the 
service; anoiher brother, George A., 
served in Company A, Fourteenth Wis. 
V. I. ; and another brother. Gilbert, was 



wounded in the battle of Petersburg, Va., 
while serving in the Twenty-eighth Wis- 
consin Volunteer Infantry. 

Augustin H. Babcock left the parental 
farm at the age of ten years, and hired 
out by the month on his own account, 
continuing to work thus until his enlist- 
ment. He was first in Compan}' F, 
Sixth Maine Volunteers, and later in the 
Nineteenth Regiment, Maine V. I., serv- 
ing altogether four years. At the bat- 
tle of the Wilderness he was so badly 
wounded that he was disabled for the 
entire summer, and subsequently he was 
confined to hospital with typhoid fever; 
but with these exceptions was with 
his regiment in all its marches, engage- 
ments and skirmishes. After the close of 
the war he resumed the pursuits of peace, 
and shortly afterward married Miss Louisa 
Foster, who died two years later. In 
about 1873 he settled down on the old 
farm in Howard township. Brown county, 
and in 1879 married Miss Jennie Black- 
burn, who was born in Manitowoc county. 
Wis., a daughter of Lorin and Hannah 
Blackburn. To this union five children 
have been born, of whom the following 
four are still living: Louisa, born Au- 
gust 9, 1880; Alice, born January 22, 1883; 
Stella, born October 24, 1886; and Vera, 
born October 22, 1888. Mr. Babcock 
has made a success of his life as a farmer, 
and has always maintained the respect 
and esteem of his neighbors. In relig- 
ious faith he and his wife are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. In poli- 
tics he has been independent; he cast his 
first Presidential vote, in 1865, for George 
Brinton McClellan, the Democratic nomi- 
nee, but since then has voted the Repub- 
lican ticket. 

JOSEPH LEY, a worth\- representa- 
tive of one of the old pioneer fami- 
lies of Rockland township. Brown 
county, where he is a well-known 
and highly res]iected citizen, was born in 

that township May 10, 1854, a son of 
Joseph Ley. 

The latter was born in 1823, in Prus- 
sia, where he was reared, and in early 
manhood learned the trade of carpenter. 
Hearing and reading of the superior ad- 
vantages offered to young men in the 
New W^orld, he resolved to emigrate, and 
gathering together what capital he could, 
he left his native land in 1844 to seek his 
fortune in the United States. Many o£ 
the early settlers in Wisconsin were Ger- 
mans, and having decided to come to that 
then new State, Mr. Ley after landing in 
New York proceeded by boat to Milwau- 
kee, Wis. He came from Milwaukee to 
Green Bay on foot, the road which he 
took leading him the greater part of the 
way through the dense forest, and often 
it was nothing more than an Indian trail. 
He frequently met Indians, who were 
then still numerous in this region, though 
usuall}- friendly, but as he did not know this 
their appearance alarmed him not a little. 
The woods abounded with wild animals, 
and the howling of the wolves, which 
were especially ferocious, caused him 
great uneasiness. But the long, tedious 
journey was at last safely accomplished, 
and on arriving at Green Baj' he found it 
a small town, containing a few houses, 
the garrison stationed at F"ort Howard 
forming the greater part of the popula- 
tion of both towns at that time. Mr. 
Ley made his first location in Section 3, 
Rockland, in which township only three 
other families were then living. He had 
a brother living at Fond du Lac, but is 
now a resident of Jordan, Minn. Mr. 
Ley was at this time but a poor \-oung 
man, not able to purchase land even 
at the low prices it then sold for. He 
could obtain work at his trade, how- 
ever, and was offered two blocks in what 
is now the business portion of Green Bay, 
for a year's labor, an offer which he re- 
fused, never realizing that the little vil- 
lage would in a few years become an im- 
portant city. He was truly a pioneer of 
Rockland township, for he cut the first 



timber felled by a white man in Section 
3, and after making a small clearing built 
the first house there. It was only a rude 
log dwelling, but it was the only shelter 
he and his family had the year round. 
Here he resided for some time, toiling 
early and late to clear his land and hew a 
home from the dense forest, and a few 
years later removed to a farm in Section 
8, Rockland township, where he passed 
the remainder of his dajs. This was also 
new land; but he once more commenced 
the task of converting the forest into a 
productive farm, and at his death he left 
1 50 acres of good fanning land as well 
improved as any in the township up to 
that time. He endured all the vicissi- 
tudes and hardships incident to the set- 
tling and improving of a new country, and 
did his full share toward the advancement 
of his section. Politically he was a Dem- 
ocrat and a leader in the party, and he 
served faithfully in \'arious local positions 
of honor ami trust, being township as- 
sessor fifteen years and justice of the peace 
sixteen years; and his good common sense 
and sound judgment won for him the re- 
spect of all who came in contact with 
him. He died November 23, 1878, a 
member of St. Francis Catholic Church, 
De Pere, and was buried in De Pere cem- 
etery. After his settlement here Mr. Ley 
offered a home to his aged parents, and 
the}- set out on the journey from Ger- 
many, but the mother died cii route. The 
father arrived safely at his destination, and 
passed his declining years in comfort, dy- 
ing at the home of his son Februarv 17, 
1872, at the age of ninety j'ears. 

Joseph Ley, Sr., was first married in 
1 85 I, in De Pere, to Miss Mary Engles, a 
native of Germany, and they had a fam- 
ily, of whom two sons grew to maturity: 
Michael, who is a resident of Luxem- 
bourg, Kewaunee county; and Joseph, 
mention of whom is made farther on. 
The mother of these was called from 
earth in 1858, and buried in Shantytown 
cemetery. For his second wife Mr. Le)' 
subsequently wedded Mrs. Josephine Det- 

rich, who was born in Belgium, and came 
to the United States with relatives. She 
is yet living at the age of seventy-three 
years. Of their familj' one son and three 
daughters are living, viz. : Thomas, living 
at Pound, Wis.; Mary, wife of Henry 
Berg, of De Pere; Julia, wife of Con. 
Keefe, of Rockland; and Louisa, wife of 
Charles Brown, of Pound, Wis. ; the 
others dying in infancy. 

Joseph Ley, whose name introduces 
these lines, was reared in the same man- 
ner as other pioneer children, receiving 
his literary training at the rude schools of 
the time, which were quite different from 
those of the present day. His knowledge 
of farming he received under the tuition 
of his father. On May 13, 1S84, he was 
united in marriage, at Menasha, Wis., 
with Miss Mary Lemmel, the ceremony 
being performed by Father Andrew Sen- 
bert. She was born April 11, 1858, at 
Maple Grove, Manitowoc Co., Wis., 
daughter of Agidius Lemmel, who was a 
native of Bavaria, Germany, from which 
country he came to Wisconsin in an 
earh' day. Here he married Barbara 
Schaeffer, and they had a family of seven 
children, to wit: John D., of Menasha, 
Wis. ; Kate, Mrs. John Cure, of Mil- 
waukee; Mary, Mrs. Joseph Ley; Bar- 
bara, Mrs. Fred Digler, of Menasha; 
Anna L. , S. S. de Notre Dame, Cham- 
paign, Illinois; Rosa, Mrs. Fred Esser, 
of Milwaukee; and Maggie, Mrs. Henrv' 
Grant, of Menasha, Wis. After mar- 
riage our subject resided at the paternal 
homestead until 1889. when he came to 
his present farm, which now comprises 
130 acres of excellent land. All the im- 
provements on this farm have been made 
bj' him, and he has also erected all the 
buildings on the farm. He is a success- 
ful agriculturist, progressive and enter- 
prising, and is recognized as one of Rock- 
land township's public-spirited citizens, 
always ready to encourage and assist 
every movement for the improvement and 
advancement of his section. 

A local leader in the Democratic ranks. 



Mr. Ley has been elected by that party 
to positions of trust, such as township 
treasurer, in which he served ten years, 
and he was school clerk eleven years, 
giving complete satisfaction to his con- 
stituency. Mr. and Mrs. Ley have an 
interesting family of six children, namely: 
Anton |., Maggie M., Anna L. , Hen- 
rietta M., Jo.seph H. and Hildy M. • In 
religious faith the entire family are 
members of St. Francis Catholic Church, 
He Pere. 

the best stone-cutters in Howard 
township. Brown county, was 
born here in 1869. the youngest 
in the family of six sons and five daugh- 
ters born to James C. Delaney. 

James C. Delaney was born February 
I, 1 8 19, in Shippensburg, Penn., a son of 
James and Rebecca (Anderson) Delaney, 
the former of whom was a native of Ire- 
land, the latter of England. James and 
Rebecca Delaney came to the United 
States when quite young, and here he first 
followed the blacksmith trade, afterward 
conducting an old-time tavern; later he 
settled on a farm in Ohio, where he also 
conducted a blacksmith shop, around 
which a little country village sprang up. 
Here he died at the age of si.\ty-four 
years; his wife had died when their son, 
James C. , was but two years of age. Of 
the five children born to James and 
Rebecca Delaney, four are still living. 

James C. Delaney, at the age of ten 
years, started out in the world for him- 
self, and worked at various places by the 
month until he was fourteen years old, 
when he was apprenticed to a shoemaker. 
After a two-years' service he ran away, 
and at Philadelphia found employment as 
driver of a canal-boat horse, later became 
steersman, and then captain. When 
twenty years old he enlisted in the army 
as a mtisician, and for two years served as 
filer in the Florida war. On his return he 
met Miss lili/abetli Dickinson at Buffalo, 

N. v., and they were married December 
7, 1842. She was born in England, a 
daughter of Robert and Mary Dickinson, 
and was two years old when brought to 
America by her parents, who both died in 
Buffalo. Shortly after his marriage Mr. 
Delaney re-enlisted for five years, served 
as fifer, and was sent to Mexico, where he 
was quartered in the halls of the Monte- 
zumas. He served, in all, ten years as 
fifer, eight of which he was fife-major of 
the Second United States Infantry. After 
the Mexican war the army was billeted at 
different points, and Mr. Delaney's lot 
was cast at Fort Howard, Wis. , where he 
was eventually discharged. But in the 
meantime he had bought a few acres of 
land, on which he has lived ever since, 
adding constantly to his original purchase 
until he became possessor of a fine piece 
of property, of which he has given each of 
his two sons fort\' or fifty acres. 

WJ. CASEY, who for the past 
thirteen years has been favor- 
ably known as a pains-taking and 
careful railroad official, is a native 
of Ireland, born in 1856, a son of John 
and Mary fO'Keefc) Casey, of the same 
nativity. The father died in Ireland, the 
widowed mother, about the year 1859, 
coming with her little family of one (our 
subject) to the United States, first locat- 
ing in Fond dn Lac. Wis., later settling 
in Milwaukee, where she is now residing. 
Our subject, as will be seen, was three 
years old when he was brought to Wis- 
consin, and he was reared and educated 
in Fond du Lac. When old enough to 
commence the world, he learned teleg- 
raphy at Campbellsport, same State, and 
after six months received the appointment 
of lf)cal agent at Fredonia, Wis., for the 
Wisconsin Central railroail. After six 
months so employed, he was sent to 
Forest Junction, where he also served six 
months in similar work, at the end of 
which time he moved to Amherst Junc- 
tion, having been appointed joint agent 

I So 


for the Wisconsin Central and the Green 
Bay, Winona & St. Paul railroads. Here 
he was stationed from 1882 till 1885, and 
was then moved to Green Bay, to fill the 
position of chief clerk in the freight and 
passenger department of the Green Bay, 
Winona & St. Paul railroad. In 1887 he 
was appointed agent at Green Bay (Fort 
Howard Junction); in 1890 he was ap- 
pointed traveling auditor for the company, 
in 1892 being promoted to his present in- 
cumbency, that of car accountant for the 
Green Bay, Winona, & St. Paul and the 
Kewaunee, Green Bay & Western rail- 

In 1878 Mr. Casey was married at 
Fond du Lac, Wis., to Miss Hattie 
Durand, and four children have blessed 
their union, vi;;. : Charles, Mamie, Will- 
iam and George. Our subject is a mem- 
ber of the Royal Arcanum, of Pochequette 
Lodge, No. 26, Knights of Pythias, and 
lieutenant in the Uniform Rank of same. 

JOSEPH HEBEL, who, for the past 
quarter of a century, has been act- 
ively identified with the farming in- 
terests of the township of Glenmore, 
Brown county, was born in Germany in 
1845, a son of Mathias Hebel. The 
latter died before our subject was nine 
years old, and, the family being left in 
somewhat straitened circumstances. Jo- 
seph went to live with a farmer. 

Our subject was reared to farming, 
and continued to follow that vocation 
until he was twenty-one years of age, 
when he concluded to come to the New 
World, where he would have better 
chances for advancement. Borrowing 
the necessary money from a friend, he 
sailed from Bremen early in the summer 
of 1867, and landed at Quebec after a 
voyage of eight weeks. From there he 
came at once by rail to Milwaukee, Wis., 
thence to Manitowoc, where he found 
himself a stranger in a strange land, but 
young and active, and willing to work at 
anything which would bring him an honest 

dollar. He remained in Manitowoc coun- 
ty about three years, finding employment 
during the summers at farm work, and in 
the winter season engaged in lumbering. 
Two years after his arrival he returned 
the money he had borrowed to bring him 
here, and he also saved enough to bring 
his widowed mother, and his two sisters 
— Mary and Barbara. They lived in a 
rented house in Manitowoc county, and, 
after the daughters married the mother 
continued to reside with our subject until 
her death. 

On January 28, 1869, Joseph Hebel 
was married, in Francis Creek,- Wis., to 
Miss Mary Gruber, who was born in Ger- 
many in 1847, daughter of Mathias Gru- 
ber. In the year of his marriage Mr. 
Hebel purchased forty acres in Section 24, 
Glenmore township. Brown county, only 
five acres of which were cleared at that 
time, and here, in a small log house, 
which stood a short distance from their 
present residence, they made their home 
for a number of years. .\t first the farm 
afforded no revenue whatever, and, in 
addition to the arduous task of clearing 
away the forest, Mr. Hebel also engaged 
in making shingles by hand, receiving two 
dollars a thousand for them, delivered at 
Green Bay, fifteen miles distant. But 
after several years of hard work the land 
was greatly improved, and, though obliged 
to go into debt for his first purchase, he 
soon paid for it, and added another tract, 
now owning eighty acres of excellent 
land. At that time his children were all 
too young to help, but he has reared his 
family in comfort, and hewed a comforta- 
ble home from the dense forest. In all 
his dealings with his fellow men he has 
been square and upright, and has acquired 
an enviable reputation for integrity of 
character and honesty of purpose, being 
respected by all who know him. Mr. 
Hebel is a Democrat in his political 
preferences, but takes no active part in 
party affairs; in religious connection he 
and his wife are members of St. James 
Catholic Church, at Cooperstown, Mani- 



towoc county. To their union came 
children as follows, their names and dates 
of birth being: Joseph, November i8, 
1 871; John, April 29, 1873; Anton, No- 
vember 2, 1875; Louis, February 23, 
1878; Margaret, April 12, 1881; Annie, 
March 22, 1883; Mary, May 31, 1886; 
Frank, January 4, 1891. One son, Louis, 
died young. 

S\V. HAYFORD, a prominent 
citizen of Wrightstown, Brown 
county, is a native of Potsdam, N. 
Y., born July 25, 1832. His father, 
Abiel D. Hayford, who was a native of 
^fassachusetts, was a Congregational min- 
ister. He married Miss Laura A. John- 
son, whose father, C. Johnson, was con- 
nected with the body-guard of Gen. George 
Washington. According to tradition, he 
was a skillful carpenter, and made the 
coffin for the unfortunate Major Andre. 

S. W. Hayford, at the age of fifteen 
\ears, leaving the parental roof to brave 
the world on his own account, worked in 
different States for a time, and then, to- 
gether with his brother, James H., began 
the study of medicine. But their means 
were too cramped to allow them both to 
continue their education, so our subject 
concluded to abandon the study for the 
time being, and with fraternal generosity 
assist his brother to a diploma, after which 
he would resume the study himself. Re- 
turning to New York, he married, on 
May 3, 1854, Miss R. Chapin. daughter 
of a prosperous farmer of that State, and 
two years later they came to Wrights- 
town, Wis. To this union have been 
born the following named children: Lu- 
ther I)., of Rhinelander, Wis. ; Lucina A., 
at home; James H., in Illinois; Edwin, 
of Wheatland, N. Dak. ; Alfred, still at 
home; Chester, in Illinois; Charles, of 
Sheboygan. Wis. ; Carrie, Chapin and 
Laura, at home. In i 864 Mr. Hayford en- 
listed in Company E. Forty-second Wis- 
consin \'. I., with which he served until 
the close of the war, when he received an 

honorable discharge, and returned to his 
home to resume the peaceful occupation 
of tilling the soil. Circumstances pre- 
vented his ever resuming the study of 
medicine. Politically he is an ardent Re- 
publican, but is not an aspirant for office, 
although he has served as justice of the 
peace. From a child he has been a very 
active temperance worker and an active 

Dr. James H. Hayford, brother of our 
subject, and now the editor of the Lara- 
mie (Wyo. ) WceklyScntincl, has attained 
considerable fame as the originator of the 
woman suffrage movement. Mrs. Hay- 
ford, his wife, had the distinction of serv- 
ing on the first and only jury composed 
equally of male and female members in 
the United States. 

WB. ANDERSON, junior member 
of the well-known leading firm 
of contractors and builders, 
McGrath & Anderson, Green 
Bay, is a living e.xample of what industry, 
perseverance and sound judgment can 
produce; while his business life bears tes- 
timony to what it is possible for man, 
with willing heart and hands, to ac- 

He is a native of Ontario, Canada, born 
.August 20, 1 85 1, in the town of Corn- 
wall, a son of Robert and Mary (McMillen) 
Anderson, the former of whom came, 
when a boy, from his native land, Scot- 
land, to Canada. He learned the trade 
of tailor, which for many years he fol- 
lowed in Cornwall, where he made a set- 
tlement, becoming a leading citizen of the 
tosvn. which he served as clerk and treas- 
urer for thirty-four years. Of Knox 
Presbyterian Church in Cornwall he was 
a prominent member for a long period of 
time, and he served in many positions of 
honor and trust. so highly was he esteemed 
bv the connntmity. He and his wife lived 
to advanced ages, dying, he in 1S92. she 

in issr,. 

The suliject of this sketch, who is 

I 82 


third in order of birth in his parents' 
family, received a fair education at the 
schools of his nati\X" town. At the age 
of fifteen he went to work as a farm 
hand, receiving nine dollars per month 
and his "keep," and his earnings he 
turned over to his father, not that he was 
obliged to do so, but in response to the sim- 
ple filial promptings of his heart. When, in 
the winter time, there was not much to 
do on the farm, the lad would be found 
hauling cordwood to town, his pay at 
that time being si.\ dollars per month. 
Coming to the United States in 1868, he 
worked for a time as a farm hand in St. 
Lawrence county, N. Y. , receiving seven- 
teen dollars per month, and during one 
season he labored in the lumber regions, 
known as "The South Woods," in St. 
Lawrence count}'. In 1870, learning 
that labor was better paid in the West, 
he set out with buoyant spirits and a 
hard hand — for in the words of Shake- 
speare "there is no better sign of a 
brave heart than a hard hand " — and 
landing in Winona, Minn., he found 
himself the happy owner of only twelve 
dollars in cash and his clothes (rather a 
limited supply), but possessed of a super- 
abundant allowance of courage and Scotch- 
Canadian "grit." Here he secured work 
as a common laborer in the service of a 
contractor named F. A. Johnson, who 
was engaged in driving piles and erecting 
bridges for the Chicago & Northwestern 
railroad. After a time, Mr. Johnson 
having similar work at St. Joe, Mich., 
our subject went there, and staid till the 
contract was completed. Returning to 
Winona, he continued sometime longer 
in the employ of Mr. Johnson, and then 
engaged with the Chicago & Northwestern 
Railroad Company as a bridge builder. 
In this, though yet a lad, his work was so 
thorough, and so highly appreciated by 
his employers, that he was made fore- 
man of a gang, in which position he re- 
mained till 1876, when he resigned, hav- 
ing accepted a similar appointment from 
the Southern Minnesota Railway Com- 

pany. This last was a two-years' enj 
ment; and his eflicienc}' was again re- 
warded with promotion, he becoming 
superintendent of bridges and buildings, 
in which capacit}' he remained some four 
3ears. At the end of that time he 
moved to Winnipeg, Canada, where he 
found similar work on the Canadian Pa- 
cific railroad, then in course of construc- 
tion, his engagement with them termi- 
nating in 1884, when he returned to the 
United States, and for two years lived in 
St. Paul, Minn., taking a much-needed 
rest. During the next two years he was 
foreman for contractors on the Minneapo- 
lis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie rail- 
way, and then for one year was superin- 
tendent of bridges and buildings for that 
company. We now find him in the em- 
ploy of the Milwaukee tS: Northern Rail- 
road Company, whom he served in similar 
capacit}- till in February, 1S93, when he 
became a partner with Mr. Thomas J. 
McGrath, as contractors and builders. 
Since the partnership was formed the 
firm have erected 800 feet of dockage for 
the Murphy Lumber Co. ; plant for " The 
Columbian Bakery;" extensive coal sheds 
for Barkhousen & Hathaway, the power 
house for the Green Bay Electric Co. ; 
about 14,000 yards of cedar block paving 
on Washington street, all in the city of 
Green Bay, besides the bridge over the 
East river, connecting Allouez and Belie- 
vue townships, in Brown county. 

On October 9, 1875, Mr. Anderson 
was married in Winona, Minn., to Sarah 
Pritchard, who was born May 2, 1856, in 
the city of Delaware, Del., a daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Morgan) Pritchard, 
who were of English descent. At the 
age of thirteen Mrs. .Anderson accom- 
panied her parents to England, where 
they left her, as they had to return to the 
United States. The intention was that 
the young girl should come home with 
some relatives, but she concluded to re- 
turn without their company which she 
did on the steamship "TurrifTo." In 1868 
her parents removed to Minnesota, and a 


I S3 

year later she followed them. The iiuines 
of the children born to Mr. and Mrs. W. 
B. Anderson are: Mary Jessie (she died 
when two months old); James K., Will- 
iam l-i. , and Olive A. Politically our 
subject is a stanch Democrat. Mrs. 
Anderson is a member of the Catholic 
Church, and the entire family enjoy the 
respect and esteem of a wide circle of 

JOSEPH TREML, fanner and stock- 
raiser, and one of the highly re- 
respected citizens of Glenniore 
township, Brown county, is a na- 
tive of Germany, born October 15, 1828, 
son of Joseph Treml, who had five chil- 
dren — three sons and two daughters — of 
whom our subject is the eldest. 

Josepfi Treml was reared to farm life, 
and during his youth had but limited edu- 
cational ad\'antages, attending school only 
three winters. He remained at home until 
he reached the age of twenty-one, at 
which time he commenced life on his own 
account, working as a farm hand, and 
later the homestead came into his jiosses- 
sion. In February, 1866, ht; was married 
in Germany, to Miss Mar\- Keiter, who 
was born November ^o, 184^, daughter 
of Adam Reiter, and whiU' living in Ger- 
many they had two children, as follows: 
Joseph, born October 10, 1868, now- 
working on the home farm; and Annie, 
born February 22, 1872, who was mar- 
ried August 3, 1892, to Thomas Crcstoff, 
of Montpelier townshi]), Kewaunee coun- 
ty. After his marriage Nfr. Treml contin- 
ued farming until 1874, when he disposed 
of his property, and with the proceeds 
brought his family to tlie United States. 
They sailed from Bremen, arriving in 
Baltimore, Md., after an ocean voyage of 
eighteen days, and immediately after 
landing came westward over the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad, to De Pere, Brown Co., 
Wis., via Chicago. Shortly afterward 
Mr. Treml purchased forty acres of now 
land in Section 25, Glenmore township. 

for whicli he |)aid three hundred dollars. 
The first timber on this land had been 
cut by lumbermen; but he built the first 
house, a log structure, which stood where 
the kitchen of the present residence now 
is. The years that followed were filled 
with hardship and stern toil, l)ut these 
settlers were anxious to have a home of 
their own, and by perseverance suc- 
ceeded at last in clearing the entire farm. 
On this place the rest of their children 
were born, as follows: \\'olfgang, born 
October I, 1874; Mary, born November 
8, 1876; Frank, born January 10, 1880, 
all three living at home; and four sons — 
John, Charles (ij, Charles (2), and 
George — who died in infancy. 

During his residence in Glenmore 
township our subject has devoted himself 
exclusively to farming and stock-raising, 
and besides improving the original tract 
has added to it till he now has 120 acres. 
When he settled here it was covered with 
brush and stumps and fallen timber left 
by lumbermen, and no small amount of 
labor has been involved in its transforma- 
tion to its present condition, in which 
work liis sons have been of great help to 
him. He is universally respected by his 
fellow citizens for his square, honest 
methods and upright character. He is a 
stanch Democrat, but has never given 
an\- time to politics, all his time being de- 
voted to his business interests. He and 
his wife are members of St. Mary's 
Church, in Glenmore, and they are highly 
esteemed b\- all who know them. 

LG. SCHILLER, manager of C. 
Schiller, wholesale dealer in fresh, 
salt and smoked fish, at the foot 
of Jefferson street. Green Bay, 
was born September 12, 1848, in the 
Province of Brandenburg, Germany. 

Our sul)ject canie tt) Green Bay in 
1872, and April C\ 1874, married Miss 
Clara .Vsimont, daughter of George .\si- 
mont, who came to Green Bay from Ger- 
many in 1857. On lirst coming to that 

1 84 


city Mr. Schiller was employed bj- Craii- 
dall & North, wholesale ,t;rocers, and for 
four years did faithful service; he was then 
employed for three months by John Day 
& Son, wholesale grocers and fish dealers, 
and in November, 1876, went into the 
grocery business at the corner of Pine 
and Adams streets; in the spring of 1882 
he moved to Washington street, but sold 
out Ma}' 30, 1889, and assumed his pres- 
ent position. This house was established 
in 1879 on East river, and in 1889 L. G. 
Schiller established the business at the 
foot of Jefferson street, in the interest of 
his emplo3'er, at the time of his taking 
the management of the concern in Green 
Bay. Under his control all things have 
prospered, and he now employs twenty- 
five hands. The position of Mr. and 
Mrs. Schiller in social circles is all that 
can be desired, and both are members of 
the Lutheran Church, in good and faith- 
ful standing. He has also been treasurer 
of his church ten years; is a member of 
the Royal Arcanum, of the Orderof Tonti, 
and of the Knights of the Maccabees. In 
politics he is a Republican, and in 1877- 
78 was a member of the city council; he 
has likewise served as a member of the 
board of school trustees, and every office 
he has held with credit to himself and to 
the satisfaction of the public. 

Of seven children born to the parents 
of L. G. Schiller, two besides himself are 
residents of the United States — Louis, 
who came to Green Bay in 1868, worked 
for Crandall & North, until 1874, and 
then went to Milwaukee, where he still 
resides; and Frank, who reached Green 
Bay in 1872, was in business with his 
brother, L. G., till 1889, but is now a 
resident of Fort Scott, Kans. To the 
marriage of L. G. Schiller and Clara Asi- 
mont were born ten children, viz. : Clara, 
died in 1875; Gustave, bookkeeper for his 
father; Julia, residing with her parents; 
Frieda and Clara, (twins), died in 1878; 
Sophie, died in 1880; Henrietta, died in 
1 882 ; Louis, died in 1883; Clarence, resid- 
ing with his parents ; and Otto, died in 1889. 

FRANK CRABB, one of De Pere's 
prosperous young business men, 
is a native of Brown county, born 
May 8, 1862, in Section 3, Rock- 
land township. 

Philip Crabb, his father, was born in 
Belgium, and was there reared, receiving 
but a limited education, as he had to 
commence work when but a boy. In 
early manhood, hoping to succeed better 
in the United States, he emigrated hither, 
and coming to northern Wisconsin, at 
that time a new and unsettled country, 
found employment as a laborer, work be- 
ing plenty in the lumber regions. He was 
married in Green Bay to Mrs. Catherine 
Tillmans, a widow, and shortly afterward 
located on a farm in Rockland township, 
where they resided until their removal to 
De Pere. Previous to their coming, Mr. 
Crabb had had a business foom built in 
the town, walking daily to and fro from 
his farm to superintend its construction, 
and during his absence Mrs. Crabb would 
work in the clearing. One day, while 
she was thus engaged, she heard the 
screams of her little daughter, who was 
playing about the house. The child's 
dress had accidently caught fire, and, with 
great presence of mind, the mother dashed 
her into a watering-trough, but the little 
girl soon afterward died from the injuries. 
Our subject, Frank, was the only child 
by the first wife that grew to maturity; 
she died in 1871, and was buried in the 
Catholic cemetery at De Pere. Philip 
Crabb subsequently remarried, and by 
that union had two children who lived to 
adult age, namely: Annie, now Mrs. 
Peter Pembrook, of De Pere; and Joseph, 
a farmer of De Pere township. Mr. 
Crabb died July i, 1879, and was buried 
in De Pere cemetery; he was a member 
of the Catholic Church, and a stanch 
Democrat, though he never took an active 
part in politics. After his removal to the 
town of De Pere he carried on a grocery 
and liquor business in the store room 
above mentioned, becoming very success- 
ful and accumulating a snug property. 


Frugality and industry and attention to 
business were the elements of his success, 
for his propert}- was made from a start of 
nothing else. 

Up to the age of five }'ears l'~rank 
Crabb lived on a farm in Rockland town- 
ship, and then came with his parents to 
De Pere, where he received his education, 
attending the "old stone schoolhouse " 
for several years. When but a boy he 
commenced to assist his father in the 
store, where he secured his first business 
training, and, after the death of the father, 
continued the business in the same build- 
ing until 1882, when he was burned out. 
In 1885 he rebuilt, erecting a substantial 
brick business room and residence, where 
he now conducts one of the best-appointed 
saloons in De Pere, doing a prosperous 
business. Mr. Crabb was married in 1880 
to Miss Allie Vanderhyden, a native of 
Oconto county. Wis. , and a daughter of 
John Vanderhyden, who is a Hollander 
by birth. This union was blessed with the 
following named children: Katie G., 
Cecelia T. , Theresa A., Frank John 
Joseph (deceased), George A., and Al- 
goma J. Our subject, like his father, is a 
stanch member of the Democratic party, 
but does not mingle in political affairs. 
In religious faith he is a member of St. 
Mary's Catholic Church. 

made prosperous agriculturist and 
extensive land owner of Holland 
township. Brown county, is a na- 
tive of the land of Erin, born about the 
year 1 827 in County Sligo, a son of Patrick 
and Rose (Flynn) Finnegan. 

Patrick P^innegan was a tenant fanner, 
and like many others at that time, though 
hard-working and frugal, found it no easy 
task to support his family in comfort. He 
had si.\ children — ^one daughter, Winnie, 
who died young, and five sons, Barnard, 
Patrick, Thomas, John and Eugene, of 
whom but two arc now living, Barnard 
and Patrick. The mother of these dying. 

the father subsequently married Miss Mar- 
garet Kerrigan, with whom he came to 
the United States in 1846 (leaving his 
sons in Ireland), and made his home in 
Montgomery county, N. Y. Barnard 
Finnegan received a somewhat limited 
common-school education, for, being the 
eldest son, he commenced work at the 
early age of eleven years. After his father 
left Ireland Barnard supported himself by 
farm labor until the fall of 1847, when 
his father provided him and his brother 
Thomas with means to emigrate. The 
two young men proceeded to Liverpool, 
where they took passage on a sailing ves- 
sel bound for America, and, landing after 
a four-weeks' voyage, immediately joined 
their father in Montgomery county, N. Y. 
Here Barnard found employment as a 
farm hand, and was also employed as 
section laborer on the New York Central 
railroad between Utica and Albany, con- 
tinuing in this some years. Thomas Fin- 
negan died in Montgomery county, where 
he was buried, and in the spring of 1853 
Mr. and Mrs. Finnegan and Barnard con- 
cluded to migrate to Wisconsin, attracted 
undoubtedly by the cheapness of the land 
in that then new State. Gathering to- 
gether their household effects, they set 
out for what was then the "Far West," 
going by rail to Buffalo, where they em- 
barked on the lake steamer "Morton," 
Capt. Thompson, and landed in Green 
Bay, Wis., early in June. The father 
came at once to Kaukauna, but Barnard 
obtained employment for the summer as 
deck-hand on the steamer " Moore," ply- 
ing between Green Bay, Washington Har- 
bor and Mackinac. In the fall, after navi- 
gation had closed, our subject rejoined his 
father at Kaukauna, and here he remained 
two years in the employ of the Fox River 
Improvement Co About 1855 he pur- 
chased eighty acres in section 22. Hol- 
land township, on which \w\. a single im- 
provement had been made, and he built 
the first house on the place, which is yet 
standing. Here Mr. and Mrs. Finnegan 
passed their declining days: but Barnard 


did not make a permanent home there at 
first, for it needed money to carry on tlie 
farm, and he coidd at that time earn more 
at other pursuits. ISut lie earnestl\' set 
about the task of clearing and improving 
his farm, and not only accompHshed this 
much, but also added to the place from 
time to time, now owning 280 acres of ex- 
cellent land, all of which he has ac(|uired 
by industry and honest toil. His sons 
have been of great assistance to him in 
the cultivation of this large farm, and to- 
day they stand among the leading \oung 
men in the township. 

On February 19, 1S61, Barnard Fin- 
negan was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary Cavney, who was born March 7, 
1843, in County Sligo, Ireland, only 
daughter, of Roger and Julia (McNulty 
Cavney. They came to the United States 
in 1850, and for several years resided in 
New York City, where Mrs. Cavney died. 
In 1858 the father and his daughter Mary 
came to Wisconsin, where he passed the 
remainder of his days, making his home 
with his daughter until his death, which 
occurred March 28, 1877. 

After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Finne- 
gan took up their residence on the farm, 
where they have since continued to make 
their home. Their union has been 
blessed with eight children, a brief rec- 
ord of whom is as follows : Rosa, died 
at the age of three years. Patrick, died 
at the age of fifteen years and nine 
months. JohnC, born July 10, 1867, 
received an education at the common 
schools of the home neighborhood, sub- 
sequently attended McCunn's Business 
College in Green Bay for a jear, and 
taught school in Brown county seven 
years; he is a stanch Democrat, a local 
leader in the party, and in 1 893 was 
elected township clerk; at present he is a 
notarv public; he married Odell Savageau 
November 7, 1894, and lives in a fine 
residence on his farm in Holland town- 
ship. Brown county. Michael J., born 
August 28, 1869, graduated from the 
Green Bay Business College, and for the 

past six years has been employed by the 
Metropolitan Lumber Company, of Dick- 
inson count}', Mich., as bookkeeper. 
FddieB.. born January 23, 1S72, also 
took a course in the Green Bay Business 
College; he resides at home. Charles 
T. , born November i, 1874, lives at 
home. Frank died when two years and 
seven months old. Mamie E., born 
January 11, 1883, is living at home. In 
religious connection the family are all 
members of St. Francis Church, Holland 
township. Politically Mr. Finnegan is an 
ardent adherent of the principles of the 
Democratic party, but, though interested 
in its welfare, is not acti\e in party affairs. 


tor of the Duck Creek Stone 
( )narr\', \"elp. Brown county, is 
one of the prominent self-made 
men of northeastern ^^'isconsin, where he 
is widely and favorably known. 

He was born June 5, 1842, in Green 
Bay, son of Dominick and Louisa (Bru- 
nette) Brunette, the former of whom was 
born in Green Ba\- in 18 12, and for many 
years was a jobl)er in, lumber, etc. ; 
he is now retired from business, residing' 
on a farm in Brown county owned by 
our subject. Mrs. Louisa I-irunette was 
born in Lower Canada, and died in How- 
ard township. Brown county, at the age 
of sixt\'-six years, the mother of fourteen 
children, of whom but five are now living. 
Manuel Brunette's paternal grandfather, 
Dominick Brunette. Sr. , was born in 
Little Moscow, Canada, and in 1796 came 
to Green Bay with a partv in bark canoes, 
being among the first to \isit the shores 
and settle here. On entering the bay, at 
that point known as " Death's Door." the 
part}' was dashed against an island, and 
the canoes wrecked, but they succeeded 
in repairing them with birch bark, and 
then made their \\a\- along the east 
shore to what is ncjw the city of Green 
Bay, at that time only a fur-trading post. 
Here for some vears Dominick Brunette 





engaged in fur trading, and then niarired 
a Miss Grignon, through whom he in- 
herited part of an old French claim. 
This led him to adopt farming, a voca- 
tion he followed the remainder of his da\'s, 
dying in 1862 at the age of seventy-eight 
years; his wife also lived to an advanced 
age. He had reared his son Dominick to 
a life of usefulness and hardihood, a train- 
ing which fully qualified him for the 
<langers incident to those early times, and 
he took an active part as a home guard in 
defense of the settlers during the Indian 
war against the depredations and attack 
of the Redskins, as well as in the more 
peaceful but equally hazardous undertak- 
ing of acting as one of the part\' who sur- 
veyed the military road running from 
Green Bay to Prairie Du Chien. 

Manuel Brunette was reared to the 
practical pursuits of agriculture as well as 
to those of life in the woods. On com- 
mencing life for himself he first hired out 
by the day or month either at logging or 
farming, also as a shingle sawyer, and 
from these crude beginnings has accumu- 
lated his present fortune. He was vir- 
tuall}' at home during his "jobbing out" 
experience, until his marriage to Miss 
Teressa Walker, a native of Lockport, 
N. Y. , which event occurred April 2 1 , 
1867; their union has been blessed with 
fourteen children, ten of whom arc yet 
living, as follows: Mary L. .Sarah, Lemuel, 
Margaret, Roland, Manuel, Abbie, 
Robert, Xorine and James. Of these the 
second daughter, Sarah, is the wife of 
Albert Strasburger. superintendent of 
schools of Sheboygan count)', Wisconsin. 

Mrs. Teressa Brunette is a daughter 
of James and Sarah (Welch) Walker, the 
former of whom was born in Tullamore, 
King's county, Ireland, May 3, 1814, and 
was about eleven years old when he came 
to America with his sister and settled in 
New Brunswick. There he at once shipped 
as a cabin boy, sailing between <.)ue- 
bi'C and C'hatham, a vocation lie followed 
until he reached the age of twenty, when 
lie went to Pennsvlvania, working in a 

stone quarr\ until 1839, in which year he 
moved to Lockport, N. Y. He was there 
married, in 1840, to Miss Sarah Welch, 
and resided there until 1849, when he set 
out for Wisconsin, traveling via canal to 
Buffalo, and thence by steamer "A. D. 
Patchen" to Milwaukee, where he passed 
the greater part of the summer. Coming 
thence to Green Bay, he settled finally 
at Velp, Brown county, where he cleared 
forty acres of land, and made a perma- 
nent home, residing there until his death, 
which occurred in November, 1892. In 
1872 he opened a general store, and for 
fourteen years served as postmaster at 
Velp. In politics he was first an Aboli- 
tionist, later a Democrat. He was the 
father of ten children, of whom four sons 
and three daughters survive. Mr. Walker 
was a great traveler in his day, and vis- 
ited nearly every stone quarry in the 
United States; he was a great reader, and 
a most enterprising and progressive man 
in every way, having assisted in construct- 
ing the first threshing machine in the 
countrj'; put in the first blast in the Erie 
canal near Lockport, N. Y., and was one 
of the first passengers to cross the Alle- 
ghany Mountains on a railroad. Having 
been educated in the common schools, he 
knew their value, and, in company with 
David Cormier and Charles W. Athey, 
organized the first school in Howard 
township, against strong opposition on 
account of the cost. He was always active 
in public affairs, and was highly honored 
in this section of the counts'. Mrs. Sarah 
(Welch) Walker was born March 4, 1S26, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary (Nichols) 
Welch, natives of Limerick, Ireland, who 
landed in Toronto, Canatla, the year Mrs. 
Walker was born. 

After his marriage Manuel liruiutte 
settled on a single acre of land he had 
previously purchased with money earned 
by hard daily labor, and built a small 
frame house, 20x26. thereon. With no 
capital, save good health and determina- 
tion, he, for sixteen years, followed boat- 
ing, and hauling lumber, shingles, etc.. 



by frugality and attention to business 
managing to accumulate some cash cap- 
ital. In 1873 he bought the Duck Creek 
Stone Quarry, the business which chiefly 
engages his attention at present, but in 
the meantime had purchased various tracts 
of farming lands, to the cultivation of 
which he has given his personal super- 
vision, and is now not only recognised as 
one of the most progressive farmers of 
Brown county, but as a thoroughly sub- 
stantial business man. The Duck Creek 
Quarry stone is described to be the most 
substantial for sub-structure in the North- 
west, and is so acknowledged. The es- 
tablishment supplies engine beds, fur- 
nishes cut and dimension stone to order, 
and has a steam barge to deliver orders 
wherever practicable. It runs steam 
drills, a channeling machine and polish- 
ing machines, giving constant employ- 
ment to about fifty men, and is yearly 
extending its trade. Many of the finest 
buildings in the Northwest are constructed 
from the product of this quarry, and Mr. 
Brunette deserves great credit for placing 
the valuable material before builders and 
architects of the country. 

In politics our subject is a Democrat, 
and cast his first Presidential vote for 
George B. McClellan. He has served 
his fellow citizens fifteen years as super- 
visor, for several terms as member of the 
Brown county board, and in other local 
offices, in every one of which he has 
given the utmost satisfaction. He is the 
present treasurer of the school board, and 
has been postmaster of Velp since Grover 
Cleveland's first administration, with his 
daughter Margaret as assistant. Mr. 
Brunette and family are members of the 
Catholic Church, toward the support of 
which he has contributed generously, as 
well as to the building up of other 
churches and schools. In fact, he is 
active and liberal in all public under- 
takings. Mr. Brunette is self-educated, 
and has been the sole architect of his 
fortune. His reading is of a most exten- 
sive character, including ancient and 

modern history, politics and current litera- 
ture. He is wise in counsel, and is much 
sought after both by business and profes- 
sional men for advice, and few men are 
more highly respected in Brown county. 
Of such men the State of Wisconsin is 
justly proud, as such lives are a living 
example to the new generation. 

Flintville, Brown county, was 
born December i, 1859, in 
Clinton county, N. Y. His 
grandparents, Jacob and Fannie Burdeau, 
were born near Montreal, Canada, and 
came to t'.e United States about 1812, 
locating near LakeChamplain, in Clinton 
county, N. Y. ; later moved to a farm at 
Chazy, Clinton county, thence to Woods 
Falls, N. Y., finally returning to Dover, 
Canada, where they died at an advanced 
age. They had a family of thirteen chil- 
dren, among whom was Isaac, the father 
of our subject. 

Isaac Burdeau was born May 8, 1831, 
in the village of Champlain, Clinton Co., 
N. Y., was reared a farmer, and was mar- 
ried December 31, 1853, to Miss Mary A. 
Cook, who was born in Clinton county, N. 
Y., October 8, 1837, a daughter of John 
and Ann Cook. Isaac Burdeau followed 
farming in his native county until 1866, 
when he brought his family to Brown 
county, Wis., and bought a farm near 
where his son Willard E. now lives, re- 
siding thereon until his death, which oc- 
curred January 13, 1894. He was one of 
the best known and most highly respected 
business men of the county, and an old- 
time and influential Democrat. There 
were six children in his family, one of 
whom died at the age of thirty-four years, 
leaving a family of eight children. 

Willard E. Burdeau, at twenty-one 
years of age, left the home farm for Lake 
Superior, where, for two years, he was 
foreman for a large sawmill firm; then re- 
turned home, and for the next two years 
followed logging, working hard and mak- 



\n^^ money. On Maj' 8, i 884, he married 
Miss Sarah A. Phiihps, a native of 
Suamico township, born July 6, 1863, 
and this happy union has been blessed 
with four children, as follows: Alma E., 
born February 18, 1886; Earl W. , born 
February 21, 1888; Leo A. , born October 
5, 1 89 1, and Flora, born March 16, 1893. 
After his marriage Mr. Burdeau carried 
on a farm until 1892, when he bought a 
general store, to which, in 1894, he add- 
ed a large stock of farm machinery, in- 
cluding binders and mowers, besides 
wagons and buggies, in all of which he has 
made a success. He is a member of the 
Democratic party, and September 30, 
1S93, was appointed postmaster. He 
has served as supervisor and road over- 
seer, and for one year as chairman of the 
town board; he has also been a school of- 
ficer for several years. He and his wife 
are members of the Catholic Church. 

Mrs. Sarah A. Burdeau is a daughter 
of George Phillips, wjiose parents, Daniel 
and Nancy (Hughes) Phillips, were natives 
of County Down, Ireland, where George 
was born, in August, 1820, one of ten 
children. George came to America in 
1854, landing in Canada, where he lived 
fourteen months, and then went to 
Whitehall, and later to Clinton, N. Y. , 
thence to Syracuse, same State. While 
there he married Miss Sarah Quinn, who 
was one of a family of seven children, also 
born in County Down; her mother was a 
(laughter of John and Sarah Sloan. To 
George and Sarah (Ouinn) Phillips were 
born five children, and the family came 
to W^isconsin about the year 1856, but 
three years later returned to New York, 
where they remained one year. At the 
end of that time they came back to Wis- 
consin, locating in Door county, but 
about i860 settled in Suamico township, 
Brown county, where they now reside, 
Ix'ine among its most honored citizens. 

Wilhird E. Burdeau has led a very 
active and industrious life, and has made 
his fortune solely through his personal 
exertions. Ho is recognized by his 

neighbors as a man of enterprise, ever 
ready to promote all projects designed 
for the public good; and his fellow citizens 
have never hesitated to call upon his ser- 
vices when in need of a faithful and reli- 
able executor of a public trust. His social 
standing is with the best people in the 
communit}', and his business integrity has 
ever been without reproach. 

FRANZ LIEBMANN, a typical 
self-made, industrious farmer, and 
one of the leading, highly respected 
citizens of Preble township. Brown 
county, is a native of Schwarzburg-Kudol- 
stadt, Germany, born June 27, 1824, in 
the village of Lichte, by Koenigsee. His 
father, Christian M. Liebmann, was a na- 
tive of the same place, and by occupa- 
tion was a farmer. 

Franz Liebmann was educated in the 
common schools of his place of birth. 
When thirteen jears old he commenced 
to learn the trade of potter, at which he 
served an apprenticeship of three years, 
and then followed same as journeyman in 
various parts of Germany, giving his 
father part of his earnings before he be- 
came of age. In the spring of 1851, con- 
cluding he could better his condition by 
coming to the United States, he bade 
adieu to his home and friends and sailed 
from Hamburg on the vessel "Germany." 
Reaching New York after an ocean voy- 
age of five or si.x weeks, he proceeded 
thence by boat to Albany, and from there 
by rail to Buffalo, where he took the lake 
boat to Sheboygan, Wis. F^rom the 
latter place he came to Green Bay, where 
several families from his iiome neighbor- 
hood had settled. Mr. Liebmann's first 
employment in the New World was mak- 
ing ditches, at which he continued one year, 
and then spent tiiree months at his trade, 
conducting the pottery business on a small 
scale in Green Bay, where he was the 
first in that line. Altera time his health 
became poor, and. on his recovery, he 
went to Menasha, Wis., and worked for 



Mr. Batchelder in the pottery in tliat 
town for about six months. Then, join- 
ing his father and brother Louis, who had 
followed him to the United States, he 
went to Washington Harbor, Wis., w^here 
they engaged in the fishery business, and 
prospered. But here he was again taken 
sick, and he left the place one hundred 
dollars in debt. Coming to Green Bay, 
he worked in sawmills for Robinson, 
Howe, Tyler, and others, was then for 
some time employed in Bellevue town- 
ship, and finally, in November, 1859, 
came to his present farm, having sold his 
house and lot in Green Bay. 

On October 31, 1858, Mr. Liebmann 
was married, in Green Bay. to Enistina 
Meister, who came from Germany about 
1853, and children as follows were born 
to their union: Ernst, a farmer of Preble 
township, born October 19, 1859, who 
was married October 26, 1886, to Hannah 
Jobelius, and has had two children: Nellie 
(deceased) and Laura (he is a Republican 
in political connection, a leader in the 
party in his township, and has served as 
chairman of the board, supervisor, and 
for three years as assessor, still holding 
the latter office); Edwin, a saloon keeper 
in Preble; Fred, at home; Louisa, widow 
of Charles Wallman, of Peshtigo, Wis. , 
and Caroline, Mrs. Hubbard Basten, of 
Preble. Mr. Liebmann first purchased a 
tract of twenty acres, and now owns 120 
acres of excellent farming land, the culti- 
vation of which is now carried on by his 
sons. In January, 1865, he was drafted 
into Company B, Fourteenth Regiment 
Wis. V. I., was first sent to Vicksburg, 
and was present at the fall of Spanish 
Fort, this being his first battle; they then 
commenced the march toward Montgom- 
ery, and we en route at the time of Lee's 
surrender. Mr. Liebmann was mustered 
out at Mobile, and received his discharge 
October 9, 1865, at Madison, Wis., com- 
ing home at once; but after his return he 
had an attack of fever and ague, also rheu- 
matism (which still troubles him), being 
sick for two years as a result of exposure. 

Our subject has followed farming for 
thirty-five years, and from a start of forty 
dollars, the amount he had when he 
landed in Green Bay, he has accumulated 
a very comfortable property, the result of 
years of hard work and economy. At one 
time, while working at day labor, money 
was so scarce that he was obliged to take 
his pay in "shin plasters" (this was in 
1856-57). But he struggled along, year 
by year improving his circumstances, till 
he now stands among the most successful 
farmers of his section. In politics he has 
been a Republican since i860, and is a 
stanch supporter of the principles of his 
party. He has held various of^ces in his 
township, and served for some time as 
clerk of the school board, then as chair- 
man of same for six years, discharging 
his duties with credit to himself and satis- 
faction to all. During his younger days 
Mr. Liebmann was a most indefatigable 
worker, and he has attended to the clear- 
ing of his entire farm, seeing the dense 
forest, once inhabited by wild animals, 
supplanted by fertile fields, representing 
many years of unrelenting toil. He and 
his family are highly esteemed, and he is 
known to be honest and straightforward 
in all his dealings with his fellowmen. 
Socially he is a member of Hermann 
Lodge, No. Ill, L O. O. F., of T. O. 
Howe Post, No. 124, G. A. R., and of 
the Germania Benevolent Society. 

JOHN D. ESMANN, an industrious 
well-to-do farmer of New Denmark 
township. Brown county, is a native 
of Germany, born September 9, 
1823, a son of Herman H. and Margaret 
(Schlakej Esmann, who had a family of 
seven children, namely: John D., Anna, 
Gesche, Fritz, Meta, Henry, and Ber- 

Our subject received his education in 
the common schools of his native land, 
and learned the mason's trade under his 
father, following same constantly in his 
native country. In 1852 he was married 



in Germany to Miss Adelaide Meise- 
gades, and, in 1861, they emigrated to 
America, landing in New York City, thence 
immediately coming westward to New 
Denmark township, Brown Co., Wis. 
Here Mr. Esmann purchased eighty acres 
of wild land, which, by hard labor and 
shrewd financiering, he has converted 
into a highly cultivated improved farm, 
where he is ruccessfully engaged in general 

To Mr. and Mrs. Esmann were born 
four children, as follows: Meta, Henry 
(deceased), Gesene, and Fritz, the latter 
remaining on the home farm with his 
father, their mother having died in i8cS3. 
She was a member of the Lutheran 
Church, as is also Mr. Esmann. In his 
political preferences' he is a Republican. 

LOKENZ HEIM, one of the thrifty 
industrious German farmers of 
Scott township. Brown county, is 
a native of the Fatherland, born 
February 28, 1831, son of Martin Helm. 
In the fall of 1846 the latter, with his 
family of three sons and two daughters, 
immigrated to the United States, and com- 
ing directly to Wisconsin, made a settle- 
ment in Brown county. In Green Bay 
township, which then comprised what is 
now four townships, he purchased a tract 
of eighty acres of new land, covered with 
timber and brush, and on this farm he and 
his wife passed the remainder of their 
days, he dying in 1872, she in 1878. 

Lorenz Heim was fifteen years of age 
when he came with his parents to Amer- 
ica, prior to which he had received his 
education in the common schools of his 
native land. He secured work in Green 
Bay, for four years doing chores around 
the old " Astor House," for which work 
he received eleven dollars per month, his 
earnings all going to assist his parents to 
pay for their new home; subsequently he 
worked two years at another hotel in the 
same cajiacity. On November 26, 1H55, 
Mr. Heim was married at New Franken, 

Brown county, to Miss Barbara Bidde- 
john, who was born in Belgium, March 
22, 1830, and came to America in 1855. 
To this union have been born seventeen 
children, of whom Mary is the wife of 
Joseph R3'di;r, of Menominee, Mich. ; 
Catherine is married to Andrew Simons; 
Frona lives at home; Andrew is a resident 
of Marinette, Wis. ; Louis is living at 
home; Agnes is the wife of Peter Becker, 
of Michigan; Lena, Hobart, Caroline, 
John, and Joseph all live at home; the 
others died in infancy. 

At the time of his marriage Mr. Heim 
had purchased a tract of new, uncleared 
land, for which he went into debt, and 
this he has since cleared and improved, 
now owning 160 acres of prime farm 
land. He is one of the self-made men of 
his section, and is everywhere respected 
for his industry and honest, straightfor- 
ward methods in dealing with his fellow- 
men. In 1S65 he was drafted into the 
army, but hired a substitute whom he 
paid $800. In politics Mr. Heim is a 
stanch Democrat, and, though not particu- 
larly active in politics and no office- 
seeker, has served four years as super- 
visor of his township. The entire family 
belong to the Catholic Church. 

at De Pere, was •born in Spring 
Vale, Fond du Lac Co., Wis., 
May 29, 1854, and is a son of 
John H. and Jane (Parish) Gowey, na- 
tives, respectively, of Poultney, Vt., and 
of the village of Askron, England. John 
Gowey was engaged in farming at Spring 
Vale, also carried on a lumber business 
at Fond du Lac for many years, and there 
built the Moore & Galloway mill. In 
1866-67 he was engaged in the milling 
and lumber business at De Pere, but 
afterward moved to Oshkosh, Winnebago 
Co., Wis., where ho died; he was buried 
at Neenah, same county. His widow 
still resides at De Pere. 

Archie L. Gowey was educated in the 



schools of De Pere, and when seventeen 
years of age went to Oconto, Wis., and 
was there engaged in scaHng lumber for 
the Oconto Company, and for England, 
Taylor & Company. About 1871 he 
opened a grocery and general store at 
Oshkosh, Wis., carried it on about two 
years, and then engaged in farming near 
De Pere until 1877. In 1882 he entered 
upon his present plumbing and heating 
business in De Pere. Mr. Gowey was 
most happily married, in 1876, to Miss 
Carrie Lawton, a daughter of Joseph G. 
Lawton, and this union has been blessed 
with the birth of six children, as follows: 
Archie L. , Leila C. , Paul E. and Pauline 
E. (twins), Ella V. and Clarence P. Mr. 
Gowey is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, Lodge No. 107, of De Pere. In 
politics he is a Republican, and he and 
his wife are members of the Episcopal 
Church. Socially the family hold an 
enviable position. 


the prosperous self-made agri- 
culturists of the township of De- 
Pere, is a native of North Bra- 
bant, Holland, born July 25, 1836, son 
of George and Delia Ver Straten, the 
former of whom was a farmer in but or- 
dinary circumstances. He had a family 
of eight children fthree of whom lived to 
adult age), of whom John and Martin 
(twins) were the eldest. 

Martin Ver Straten attended school 
until he was twelve years of age, and then 
commenced to work at farm labor, first 
for his father, and later for others. He 
supported his parents until they died, and 
then he and his brother took care of their 
younger sister, who was then seven years 
old. In 1865 his brother John immi- 
grated to the United States, settling in 
Brown county. Wis., and, having ac- 
quainted Martin with the superior advan- 
tages for advancement offered in the New 
World, our subject concluded to follow. 
Accordingly, in the spring of 1866, he 

bid adieu to his home and friends, and 
proceeded from Rotterdam to Hull, Eng- 
land, thence to Liverpool, where he 
took passage in a vessel bound for New 
York, arriving in the latter city after a 
vo3age of eleven days. He was accom- 
panied by Miss Anna Van Den, his 
brother's fiancee, and they proceeded 
directly from New York to Little Chute, 
Brown Co., Wis., where they found John 
awaiting his bride. Martin Ver Straten 
worked as a farm hand for five or six 
weeks after his arrival, and then came to 
De Pere township, where he found em- 
ployment in a sawmill, and later on a 
boat. His first day's work in this town- 
ship was for John Coenen, and shortly 
afterward he and his brother purchased, 
in partnership, forty acres of partly- 
cleared land, which he still owns, on 
which stood a small log house. In 
the fall of 1869 he returned to his 
birthplace, and, in the spring of 1870, 
was there married to Miss Gertrude Van- 
derwise, a native of the same locality, 
immediately after which event the young 
couple set sail from Rotterdam, landing, 
after a voyage of thirteen days, at Port- 
land, Maine. From that city they came 
over the Grand Trunk railroad to Chi- 
cago, and thence to the home in Brown 
county, Wis. In the fall of 1868 he had 
purchased the interest of his brother John 
in the tract of forty acres, and he and his 
wife lived there in the log house until it 
was destro\ed by fire and replaced by a 
better one. This was the home of the 
family until 1885, when the present sub- 
stantial residence was erected. To Mar- 
tin and Gertrude Ver Straten were born 
six children, as follows: George, Leon- 
ard, Annie, and Henry, living, and two 
that died young. The mother of these 
died in 1882, and was buried in the St. 
Mary's cemeter}', at De Pere, and for his 
second wife Mr. Ver Straten married, in 
1885, Mrs. Catherine Smit, widow of 
Alexander Smit. She was born in Ba- 
varia, Germany, daughter of John Burk, 
and came to the United States with her 



parents when five years old. Her father 
had emigrated tliree years before and lo- 
cated in New York, remaining there until 
he saved enough to bring his family and 
two sisters from the old country. Later 
they removed west to Waukesha, Wis., 
and still later came to Brown county. 

Mr. Ver Straten now has a well cul- 
tivated farm of 1 30 acres, which repre- 
sents years of hard, untiring toil and 
economy. He is a self-made man in 
every respect, having, from a start of 
nothing, accumulated a comfortable prop- 
erty and a snug income, his success being 
the direct result of his own individual 
labor. He is highly respected in his town- 
ship, where he has been elected to various 
offices of trust, serving as supervisor four 
terms with satisfaction to all, and he is 
now clerk of the school board. In his 
political preferences he is a Democrat; in 
religious faith he and his wife are mem- 
bers of St. Mary's Catholic Church, De- 
Pere. When he was nineteen years old 
he was called to serve in the Dutch army 
five years, by Wilhelm HI, King of the 
Netherlands, but at the end of one year's 
service he was allowed to return to his 
home by consent of the King. 

JOHN \"ER STRATEN, who, during 
his lifetime, was one of the best- 
known farmer citizens of De Pare 
township. Brown county, was a na- 
tive of Holland, born July 25, 1836, in 
the Province of North Brabant. He was 
a son of George Ver Straten, a farmer, 
and a twin brother of Martin Ver Straten, 
a sketch of whom precedes this. 

John Ver Straten lived in his native 
country, doing farm work until he was 
twenty-nine years old. He then concluded 
to try his fortune in the United States, 
and in 1865 set sail from Antwerp, taking 
passage in the "Agnace." During the 
first day of the voyage cholera broke out 
on board, and the vessel \n\i back to port, 
where a fort was converted into a pest- 
house; the vessel starteil again after a few 

days, but three hundred of the seven 
hundred passengers died of the disease. 
Immediately after landing Mr. Ver Straten 
came to Brown county. Wis., and for 
one year worked on a farm. In April, 
1866, he was married, in Little Chute, to 
Miss Anna Van Den, who was born Sep- 
tember I, 1838, in Holland, daughter of 
Martin and Delia Van Den, and came to 
the United States in 1866 with Martin 
Ver Straten, brother of her late husband. 
Immediately after their marriage the 
young couple took up their residence with 
a farmer in Holland township. Brown 
county, where the)' remained one year; 
but, being anxious to have a home of their 
own, they, in 1867, purchased private 
claim No. 39, a farm of forty acres, for 
the payment of part of which they were 
obliged to go into debt. A small log 
house was the only building on this land, 
fifteen acres of which was cleared, and 
here they resided one year, and then for 
three years lived on a rented farm along 
the Dickinson road, his brother Martin 
locating on the farm they had left. In 
the spring of 1873 they came to the 
farm in De Pere township where the 
family still make their home, and here 
Mr. Ver Straten passed the remainder of 
his life. The year before they had pur- 
chased forty acres, private claim No. 38, 
where they now live, but a small portion 
of which tract had then been cleared, and 
on which there was not even a dwelling; 
but a rude house was soon erected, which 
served as a shelter for the family until 
their present substantial home was built. 
Mr. Ver Straten died on this farm May 
14, 1885, leaving a famil\' of eight chil- 
dren to be provided for. and a home 
encumbered with an indebtedness of seven 
hundred dollars. However, by working 
together and practicing thrift and strict 
economy, the family have paid off every 
cent of the debt, and they now have a fine 
farm of one hundred acres, iijuipped 
with good out-buildings and a comfortable 
residence. The children are as follows: 
George, Henry, Martin, Delia, John, 



Mary, Ellen, and Peter, all living; one 
child, Nellie, died in infancy. The sons 
are all hard working men, and have nobly 
assisted their mother in paying for the 
home. George met with a very serious 
accident in August, 1894, whereby he 
lost an arm. It appears that on the 25th 
of that month, while he was operating the 
threshing machine at the home of his 
mother (an occupation he had been ac- 
customed to for the past eight years), he 
unfortunately got his arm entangled in the 
pulley through which the belt ran, and it 
was terribly torn, the bone being broken 
as well. The doctors who attended him 
set the bone and did all they could to save 
the arm, but three days afterward the 
patient was sent to the hospital at Green 
Bay, where it was found necessary to 
amputate the arm above the elbow. He 
is now working his mother's farm. Mrs. 
Anna Ver Straten is a thrifty economical 
woman, and has shown no small amount 
of business ability and sagacity in the 
management of the farm. The entire 
family are held in the highest esteem in 
the community in which they reside. Mr. 
Ver Straten was a genial, sociable man, 
and he had many friends. He was a 
member of St. Mary's Catholic Church 
in De Pere, as is also his widow, and in 
politics he was a Democrat, though he 
never took much interest in party affairs, 
and about fifteen years ago served as 
assessor three years. 

ARONDOU, a prominent gardener, 
and now serving his seventh year 
as supervisor of the First ward, 
Fort Howard, came to Fort How- 
ard in 1870, locating where he now lives 
in 1876, and engaging in gardening. He 
has an excellent farm of thirty acres, all 
inside the city limits, and is in the enjoy- 
ment of a prosperous business. He built 
a good barn in 1891, and raises small 
fruit and vegetables. 

Mr. Rondou, who is a son of John and 
Catherine fDe Vray) Rondou, was born 

in 1853, in Belgium, where his parents 
lived and died. He came to Detroit, 
Mich., in 1868, finding a home with an 
aunt, and from there removed to Fort 
Howard. Here he was married, in 1876, 
to Miss Johanna Carton, a native of Brown 
county, daughter of Joseph Carton, who 
was born in Belgium, and coming to this 
country located in Pittsfield township, 
Brown Co., Wis., in 1854. Here he 
married Mary Cabesen, and, with his wife, 
is now living with Mr. Rondou. Nine 
children came to gladden the home of the 
Rondous: Joseph, Frank, Anton, Mary, 
Katie, Nettie, Lizzie (deceased), Fred 
and Rosa. Mr. Rondou is a Democrat 
in politics, and the leader of his party in 
the First ward, of which he has been 
supervisor since 1887. He has also 
served as alderman from the same ward. 
He and his wife are members of St.Willi- 
brord's Catholic Church, and Mr. Rondou 
holds membership in the Catholic Order 
of Foresters, the Catholic Knights of 
Wisconsin, and St. Joseph Society, of 
which latter he is treasurer. He is one 
of the progressive, successful men of Fort 
Howard, and always active in furthering 
the best interests of the community in 
which he resides. 

JD. MORAUX, M. D., eminent as a 
physician and surgeon, was born in 
Green Bay, Wis., his present resi- 
dence. May 9, 1864, and is a son of 
Victor and Mary (Collart) Moraux, both 
natives of Belgium. 

Ferdinand Moraux, father of Victor, 
was also a native of Belgium, and came to 
Brown county, Wis. , in quite an early 
day, bringing his family and locating in 
Green Bay, where Victor found employ- 
ment in the grain business as foreman, 
being employed later by Van Dyke, Burr 
& Co., then by John Beth, and finally by 
Weise, Hollman & Co., and here died 
in January, 1894. Mrs. Mary Moraux, 
daughter of Desire Collart, Sr. , still re- 
sides in Green Bay, as does her father. 



who once operated a stone quarry at 
Buck Creek. To Victor and Mary Moraux 
were born seven children, as follows: J. 
D., our subject; Louis, who died of scar- 
let fever; Louis (II), who was drowned; 
Mary, Felix, Julia and Flora. 

Dr. J. D. Moraux was reared in his 
native city, and, after a proper preliminary 
education, read medicine with Dr. J. R. 
Hrandt. He then entered the Collej^e of 
Physicians and Surgeons, Chicago, where 
he graduated in February, 1887, and the 
same year began practice at Luxembourg, 
Kewaunee Co., Wis., but, before the close 
of the year, came to Green Bay, and 
formed a partnership with Dr. Bartran. 
After a brief practice in thisconnecticn he 
bought out Dr. Dechesne, at Robinson- 
ville. Brown Co., Wis., but there soon 
lost everything by tire, and returned to 
Creen Bay. The Doctor has always met 
with the approbation of his fellow-practi- 
tioners, and has been earnest in his en- 
dea\ors to maintain the dignity and coher- 
ence of the )irofession. He is a member 
of the Fox River Valley Medical Society, 
and once filled the office of vice-president 
of the Kewaunee County Medical Society, 
of wiiich, also, he was one of the Censors. 
He has built nj) a tine reputation as a 
physician, and enjo\s quite a lucrative 
patronage for a practitioner of his years. 

Dr. Moraux was married at Green 
15ay, October i, 1888, to Miss Hettie 
Schellenbeck, a native of Green Bay and 
daughter of Jacob and Otilia (Texton) 
Schellenbeck, who came from Germany 
to Green Bay about the year 1855. 
Here Jacob Schellenbeck engaged in tan- 
ning, and later in the leather business; 
he was a Republican in pc^litics, served as 
a member of the school board, and died 
full of honors in July, 1892; his widow is 
still a resident of Green l?a\'. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Schellenbeck were born fi\e 
children, viz. : Knmia, who died at two 
years of age; Knnna (2), wife of G. P. 
Knsterman, of Green I^ay; Otto, who was 
engaged in the drug trade for some jears, 
was a K. of P., and died in 1885, at the 

age of twenty-nine years; Ernest, who 
died when five years old, and Hettie, now 
the wife of Dr. Moraux. To Dr. and Mrs. 
Moraux were born two children: Otto 
Schellenbeck and Hettie, the latter of 
whom died in infancy. 

Dr. Moraux is a Republican in poli- 
tics, is a warm supporter of his party, but 
has never been an office seeker. Being a 
nati\'e of the city he has witnessed much 
of its progress, and has naturally taken 
great interest in its advancement, and has 
willingly lent every aid in his power to- 
ward that desirable end. 

C.\KL MANTHEY, manufacturer of 
monuments, headstones and cem- 
. etery work of all description, and 
dealer in marble, granite, etc., at 
Green Bay, was born May 11, 1851, at 
Ccerlin, Province of Pomerania, Prussia, 
Germany, a son of |ohanna Petersohn, 
and in i8;8 was adopted by Hermann 
and Henrietta Manthey, also natives of 
the Province of Pomerania, and moved to 
Stettin, Prussia. The family came to the 
United States in 1 869. and located on 
Clybourne avenue, Chicago, where they 
were burned out during the great fire, 
losing everything. Here the father worked 
as a laborer until 1874, when he came to 
Brown county. Wis., and opened up a 
farm in Nforrison t(^)wnship, which he cul- 
tivated until his death in 1883; tlie widow- 
ed mother then returned to Chicago, and 
now resides on the North side. 

Carl Manthey, the only child, was 
educated at Stettin. Prussia, and on 
reaching Chicago began an apprenticeship 
at his present trade with the Gowen Mar- 
ble Company of that city. In Morrison. 
Crown Co., Wis., in 1874, he was mar- 
I ried to Elizabeth Hansch. a native 
\ of Prussia, and to this union have been 
I born four sons, viz : Hermann, in busi- 
I ncss with his fattier; Otto, who wt)rks for 
Joaiuies Bros., and Charles and Ervin. In 
1875 Mr. Manthey worked at his trade in 
Applcton, Wis., moving from there to 



Oshkosh, thence to Fond du Lac, where 
he passed four years and, then, in the fall 
of 1880, came to Green Bay. About 

1881 he formed a partnership with G. 
Kurt;^, under the firm name of Ivurtz & 
Manthey, but at the end of one year 
bought out Mr. Kurtz's interest, and since 

1882 has been in business for himself. In 
1892 he erected his present substantial 
brick office building at No. 132 South 
Washington street. It is 20 .\ 50 in dimen- 
sions, and here he contracts for every va- 
riety of work in his line, being himself a 
first-class workman, in the busy season 
employing six assistants. Mr. Manthey 
is a member of the I. O. O. F. , and of 
the Turnverein, of which latter society he 
was dramatic manager ten years. He has 
seen a great many changes take place in 
Green Baj' since coming here, and has al- 
ways taken a strong interest in the welfare 
of both county and town. 

THOMAS H. SCANLAN, justice of 
of the peace and notary public, at 
West Ue Pere, Brown county, is 
a native of Askeaton, County 
Limerick, Ireland, and was born July 10, 
1837. His parents, Thomas and Mary 
(Hanley) Scanlan, who were respectable 
farming people, both died in Ireland, the 
latter when our subject was ten years old, 
the former when the boy was twelve years 
of age. 

Having received a fair education in 
the select schools of his native place, our 
subject followed his father's vocation for 
several years, and then decided on emi- 
grating to America. Accordingly, on the 
5th day of May, 1863, he embarked on a 
sailing vessel at Liverpool, and, after a 
voyage of three weeks, landed at New 
York, whence he went to Philadelphia, 
where some relatives resided. There he 
remained until the i ith of the following 
October, at which time he came to Wis- 
consin, and for awhile stopped at Oconto. 
On May 5, 1864, he reached De Pere, 
and for two years lived in East De Pere, 

but on June 8, 1866, he moved into a 
house that he had built on Oneida street, 
between Fourth and Fifth street, in West 
De Pere, and here has resided ever since. 
On arriving at De Pere, Mr. Scanlan 
began work in a sawmill, remaining thus 
employed for about two years; but No- 
vember 22, 1866, he entered the employ 
of the E. E. Bolles Wooden Ware Com- 
pany as yard foreman, and with this 
company remained twenty-one years, 
quitting their employ March 17, 1888. 

While filling this position Mr. Scanlan 
became quite a favorite with the general 
public. In 1 872 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees of West De- 
Pere, and for ten years faithfully per- 
formed the functions of that office; in 
1883, he was elected treasurer of the city 
of West De Pere, in which position he 
gave such satisfaction that he was re- 
elected in 1884; in 1885 he was nominated 
for the office of mayor of West De Pere, 
but being disinclined to run he voted 
against himself, and having urged his 
friends to the same course, he was conse- 
quently defeated; in 1889 he was elected 
a justice of the peace, an office he has 
ever since held; in that year was also 
elected a supervisor, and was appointed 
city clerk same year by common council; 
in May, 1891, he was commissioned a 
notary public, and is still acting in that 
capacity. It must be here observed, 
however, that 'Squire Scanlan has been 
borne into office solely on his own merits 
and unbounded popularity, and that he 
never was an office-seeker in the usual 
acceptation of that term. 

The marriage of Mr. Scanlan took 
place at Philadelphia, October 10, 1863, 
to Miss Catherin Dowling, and three 
children were born to this union, all dying 
young. Mr. and Mrs. Scanlan, however, 
have reared to womanhood a niece, Mary 
Ann Loftus, who was left an orphan at 
the age of four years, her mother having 
lost her life by the explosion of a kerosene 
oil can at her home in Green Bay. Miss 
Loftus was married to John Hoks, and 



became the mother of one child, Pater- 
nella Hoks, now nine \ears old, who, 
having lost her parents when young, is 
being also reared by the 'Squire and his 
estimable wife. Mr. and Mrs. Scanlan 
are devout members of the Roman 
Catholic Church, and their quiet and un- 
assuming lives have won for them the 
respect of all who know them. 

beautiful land of Bohemia, famed 
for its picturesque valleys, silvery 
streams, romantic mountain scenes 
and its handsome, gay and music-loving 
people, has sent to our country some of 
its most industrious, loyal and peaceful 
citizens, among whom is found, in no small 
degree of prominence, the gentleman 
whose name is here recorded. 

Mr. Ansorge was born September 23, 
1843, in the German village of Christofs- 
grund, in the northeastern part of 
Bohemia, a son of Anton and Caroline 
Ansorge, who, in 1855, with their family 
of three children (the eldest son, Kilian, 
serving at that time in the Austrian army, 
followed in 1866), emigrated to the 
United States, where, in Manitowoc 
county, Wis., they cleared up a farm 
from wild woodland they had bought. 
Here the mother died in 1867, the father 
at Green Bay in 1888, aged eighty-six 

The subject of this sketch was a lad 
of eleven years when the family came to 
Wisconsin, and, not having the oppor- 
tunity to visit a school, he acquired the 
greater part of his education by self in- 
struction in reading, etc. Up to the age 
of twenty-one he worked on his father's 
farm, learning also the trade of carpenter, 
at which time, his tvvo-years-older brother 
returning from the war, he volunteered 
his services to the Union for the suppres- 
sion of the Kcbellion, by enlisting in 
Company F, Forty-fifth Wis. V. I. l'>om 
the commencement of his enlistment he 
served as sergeant, chiefly in Tennessee, 

and for the most part on camp and train 
guard dut}'. In August, same year, the 
war having closed, he was honorably dis- 
charged, and came home. A short time 
afterward he went to Missouri, and for 
over a year worked at carpentry. In 
June, 1867, he started as contractor and 
builder, but being taken sick, had once 
more, in November of that year, to return 
to the parental roof. In the following 
spring, having recovered his health, he 
resumed his trade as builder at home, 
continuing it until the next fall; but such 
work does not appear to ha\e been the 
primary and great object of his ambition, 
and he began to look around him for some 
occupation more suited to his tastes and 
inclinations. Determined to try his hand 
at insurance work, he, in December, 1868. 
entered the service of the '• Dodge County 
Mutual Insurance Company" as solicitor, 
and as such traveled on foot over part of 
Manitowoc county, and near all of Ke- 
waunee county, in the following April 
opening an office in Oconto, where for 
four years he did a thriving business in Fire 
insurance. During all this time, being a 
musician of acknowledged merit, pla3ing 
the violin, he was frequently employed to 
furnish music for entertainments, etc., 
and even now, at times, assists at concerts. 
In March, 1873, he moved to Green Bay, 
transferring his office in toto, and has 
since conducted one of the most reliable 
and flourishing Fire and Life insurance 
businesses in northern Wisconsin. On No- 
vember I, 1892, he received into partner- 
ship E. P. Parish, the firm name being 
Ansorge & Parish, which still continues. 
In 1870 Mr. Ansorge was married to 
Miss Johanna T. Ansorge, and five chil- 
dren were born to them, namely: Herman 
and Walter, both deceased, and Clara. 
Herman and Flora, all three at home. In 
his political associations our subject is a 
Republican, and, although no office seeker, 
has served the city of Green Bay as alder- 
man. He is a memi)er of the K. of P., 
Turnverein, German Singing Society, 
Green Bay Sharpshooters Society, and G. 


A. K. , in all of which he has taken an 
active interest, and served in various offi- 
cial capacities. A man of enterprise and 
integrity, success has crowned his efforts, 
and he is the owner of considerahle 
amount of real estate. He is now a 
director of the Citizens National Bank. 
Although favored with but limited school- 
ing, as already intimated, Mr. Ansorge 
has acquired a more than ordinary practi- 
cal education by extensive reading and 
close observation of men and things. He 
is the owner of an excellent library, in 
which he takes deep interest, realizing 
full well that books "are a substantial 
world, both pure and good, round which 
our pastime and our happiness will grow. " 

AW. JOHNSON, successor to 
Johnson & Ha\ens, is a highly 
reputable dealer in marble and 
granite monuments and tomb- 
stones, his office being at No. 310 Cherry 
street. Green Bay, Wisconsin. 

He was born in Black Brook, Clinton 
Co., N. Y. , in 1854, and is a son of 
William and Sarah (Delong) Johnson, 
natives of Essex county, same State. 
William Johnson was a miller and iron 
manufacturer at Black Brook, but later 
moved to Plattsburg, where he was em- 
ployed by a marble firm. He finally 
came to Wisconsin, and died at Fort 
Howard, Brown county, in 1886; his 
widow now resides in Beckmantown, N. 
Y. They were the parents of two chil- 
dren ; Ida, wife of A. Rea, of l^eekman- 
town, and A. W. , our subject. The lat- 
ter was reared, educated and learned 
marble cutting in Plattsburg, and worked 
at his trade in Clinton, Essex, Franklin 
and' St. Lawrence counties, N. Y. , and 
then came to Wisconsin. He began 
business in Hilbert Junction, Calumet 
county, in 1876, remaining there until the 
fall of 1 88 1, when, at Fort Howard, he 
formed a partnership with Mr. Havens. 
In 18S2 the firm came to Green Bay, 

where they continued in partnership un- 
til February, 1891, when Mr. Johnson 
bought out the interest of Mr. Havens, 
and is now building up a fine trade on his 
own account, employing, on an average, 
four men. 

Mr. Johnson was married at Fort 
Howard, in 1885, to Miss Anna Klauson, 
a native of that place, and a daughter of 
Henry and Mary (Hintz) Klauson, the 
former a native of Holland, the latter of 
Germany. They were married in Fort 
Howard, and became the parents of 
three children, viz. : Catherine, wife of 
James Faulkner, of Fort Howard; Henry, 
a painter by trade, who died in 1879, and 
Anna (Mrs. Johnson). To Mr. and Mrs. 
Johnson have been born two children, 
Wallace Rea and May Ida. Politically 
our subject is a Republican; socially he is 
a member of Hilbert Lodge, No. 56, I. O. 
O. F., and of the A. O. U. W., of Fort 
Howard. Mrs. Johnson is a devout mem- 
ber of St. Patrick's Catholic Church. 

prosperous brewer of West De- 
Pere, is a native of New York 
State, born in Tonawanda, Erie 
county, October 3, 1846, a son of Martin 
and Mary Ann (Nagle) Schmidt. 

Martin Schmidt was born near the 
city of Sweibrucken, Bavaria, was a shoe- 
maker, and came to the United States in 
1832. At Buffalo, N. Y., he met and 
married Mary Ann Nagle, a native of 
Tonawanda, whose father, Antony Nagle, 
was born in Alsace, but who served in 
the United States army in the war with 
Great Britain in 1812 (for which he re- 
ceives a small pension); he was killed, at 
the age of ninety-si.x years, on the 4th of 
July, 1876, by a railway train, being deaf 
and partially blind from old age. 

Alexander P. Schmidt was educated 
until eight years of age at the public 
schools of Tonawanda, when, in 1854, 
his father moved with his family to Mani- 


towoc, Wis., where our subject completed 
his education. The father purchased a 
farm near the city of Manitowoc, but 
later engaged in mercantile business, and 
since Cleveland's first administration has 
been postmaster at Elverno, Wis., and 
has also served, as a Democrat, on the 
board of supervisors- — a portion of the 
time as its chairman. Mrs. Mary Ann 
Schmidt died in the town of Manitowoc 
Rapids in 1855. On June 24, 1864, 
Ale.xander P. Schmidt enlisted in the 
Union army at Buffalo, N. Y. , and saw 
active service in the department of the 
Mississippi until September, 1865, when 
he was honorably discharged. After be- 
ing mustered out he conmienced learning 
the brewing business at Manitowoc, and 
five jears later, in partnership with his 
father, Martin Schmidt, built a brewery 
at Silver Lake, Wis., where a profitable 
business was conducted forsixteen months, 
at the end of which time our subject 
moved to Mazo Manie, Dane Co., Wis., 
and here kept a boarding-house and saloon 
for a year, after which he settled, in May, 
1874, in De Pere, Brown county, where 
he purchased his present site of four lots, 
erecting a fine residence and brewery and 
several commodious barns, granaries, etc. 
Here he turns out about 500 barrels of 
beer annually, the home trade consuming 
the entire product. Mr. Schmidt owns 
one-half of the brewery lands in partner- 
ship with Pauline Zeller, and also owns a 
neat farm of ninety-eight acres, of which 
fifty-eight acres lie within the city limits. 
In politics Mr. Schmidt is a Demo- 
crat, and has served as alderman of West 
De Pere ten or twelve terms at various 
periods. He is a member of Harrison 
Post, G. A. R. , at De Pere, is an upright 
member of the Catholic Church, and en- 
joys the respect of his fellow citizens. In 
1872 Mr. Schmidt married Miss Augusta 
Ya-ller, a native of Calumet, Fond du Lac 
Co., Wis., and of Saxon descent. Five 
childrfii have been born to this union, as 
follows: Lstella C. S. , now filling her 
fourth Icrm as teacher in the high schools 

of De Pere; Edward A. G., attending 
the State University at Madison; Laura, 
attending the Normal School at Milwau- 
kee; and Mvrtle and Richard, at home. 

DAVID ZIMDAKS, a respected, 
self-made agriculturist of Glen- 
more township, Brown county, 
was born February 22, 1840, in 
Germany, son of Joaquim Zimdars, who 
had a family of eleven children, David 
being the sixth in the order of birth. 

Our subject received a fair education 
at the common schools of his native land, 
but commenced to work at an early age, 
as his parents were only in moderate cir- 
cumstances. At the age of twenty he 
entered the army, and served three years. 
In 1865 he was married to Miss Minnie 
Berkenhagen, who was born in Germany 
in 1842, and shortly afterward the young 
couple went to work for a large farmer. 
The wages were small, but in four years 
they had managed to save enough to 
bring them to America, and. with their 
only child, Hulda, they journeyed to 
Bremen, where they took passage on the 
vessel "Ferdinand," landing at Quebec, 
Canada, after a voyage of eight weeks. 
At this point their funds were exhausted, 
but, receiving money from a brother-in- 
law in Milwaukee to come to that city, 
Mr. Zimdars took his family thither at 
once. There they remained for about 
ten years, during which time he was em- 
ployed as laborer in the manufactories of 
the city, and, by economy and thrift, they 
managed to save a little. In the spring 
of 1878 they removed to Section 10, 
Glenmore township. Brown county, where 
Mr. Zimdars had previously purchased 
eighty acres of wild land, which had been 
lumbered over, but was totally unim- 
proved. He built the first dwelling on 
the place, and all other improvements 
thereon have also been made by him, or 
under his direction; he now has 120 acres, 
the greater part of which is cleared and 
under cultivation. Since coming to this 


farm Mr. Zimdars has done a great deal 
of hard work, for when he first took up 
his home here the land was poor, and af- 
forded but a scanty support, their principal 
revenue being derived from the sale of 
timber; and his success, in the face of 
all difficulties, shows what may be ac- 
complished by industry and honest toil. 
Though in debt when he landed in the 
United States, he is to-day one of the 
well-to-do farmers of his locality. His 
wife has assisted him nobly in the ac- 
cumulation of their comfortable property, 
and they are highly esteemed in the com- 
munity for their many good qualities; they 
have a wide circle of friends and acquaint- 
ances. They are both members of the 
Lutheran Church. In politics Mr. Zim- 
dars is a Democrat, but, though interested 
in the welfare of the party, he is not a 
strong partisan, in local elections voting 
for the best man regardless of politics. 

Mr. and Mrs. Zimdars had but one 
child, Hulda, who was born in Germany. 
She was married in Glenmore township. 
Brown county, to Henry Goethe, a native 
of southern Germany, and one child, 
William, was born to this marriage. Mrs. 
Goethe died September 23, 1889, in Mil- 
waukee (where she was buried), deeply 
mourned by her family and friends. 

JOHN MURPHY, widely known and 
respected in Brown county, and es- 
pecially in Glenmore township, 
where he is justly recognized as a 
public-spirited, progressive citizen, was 
born April 16, 1850, in Roxbury, Massa- 

Timothy Murphy, his father, was 
born in County Cork, Ireland, son of 
John Murphy, where he received a com- 
mon-school education, and when a young 
man, having decided to seek his fortune 
in the United States, he came to Boston, 
Mass. In that city he wedded Ellen Ma- 
honey, also a native of Ireland, and after 
their marriage they removed to Ro.xbury, 
Mass., where two children — Elnora (now 

a school-teacher of Stephenson, Mich.), 
and John (our subject) — were born to 
them. In the fall of 1850 Mr. Murphy, 
accompanied by his father and his little 
family, migrated westward to Wisconsin 
(where a brother had previously located), 
attracted by the cheap homes to be had. 
They proceeded to Buffalo, thence to 
Green Bay, on the steamer "Old Michi- 
gan," and from there to De Pere, where 
for a time the family resided. In the 
same year he purchased 160 acres in 
Section 23, northwest quarter, Glen- 
more township, at ten shillings per acre, 
and immediately commenced the clearing 
of the land, which was still in its primi- 
tive condition. He spent some time pre- 
paring a home for his family, and his 
route from De Pere to his settlement led 
through the woods from a point on the 
Dixon road; no bridges spanned the 
streams, which had to be forded or crossed 
by means of some fallen log. The land 
was heavily timbered, and a space had to 
be cleared for the log cabin, which stood 
a short distance southeast of the present 
residence. Early in 1852 the family re- 
moved to their pioneer home, and at that 
day the township was so wild and so 
sparsely settled that the few families 
grouped together near Mr. Murphy's 
cabin. The farm at first afforded no sup- 
port whatever to the family, and, but for 
the few dollars he had managed to save, 
they would even have wanted the neces- 
saries of life. Such stock as they had 
they were in constant danger of losing, 
for the wild beasts, especially wolves, 
made frequent visits to the farm. But 
gradually the wild animals disappeared 
from the vicinity, the forest was sup- 
planted by beautiful, smiling farms, a 
great work indeed, and one which in- 
volved many years of stern toil. Two 
more children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Murphy on this farm, Cornelius and 
Mary, both now of Chicago. These old 
pioneers passed from earth in 1887, Mr. 
Murphy on June 30, when about seventy- 
three years of age, his wife on March 4, 



and they now lie buried in Shantytown 
cemetery. They were members of the 
CathoHc Church. In poHtics he was a 
stanch Democrat, held many offices of 
honor and trust in his township, and as- 
sisted materially in the improvement of 
his section. 

John Murphy, eldest son of this old 
pioneer, was but a child when he came 
with his parents to Glenmore township, 
and here was reared to manhood. He re- 
ceived his first schooling in District No. 2, 
under Maurice Casey, and later attended 
for about a year in District No. 4, Rock- 
land township. But, being the eldest son 
his help was needed on the farm, where 
he received a thorough training to agri- 
culture under his father, and during his 
younger days he also worked at lumber- 
ing, an occupation then very popular 
among young men. But with the excep- 
tion of probably a year, he remained at 
home. On May 13, 1880, Mr. Murphy 
was married in De Pere to Miss Johanna 
Heffernan, a native of Glenmore town- 
ship, born February 11, i860, daughter 
of James and Bridget (Learyj Heffernan, 
who were natives of the Emerald Isle and 
early settlers of Glenmore township. 
This union has been blessed with one 
child, Ellen E., born April 16, 1881. 
After his marriage our subject settled on 
the old homestead, where he has ever 
since resided, principally engaged in gen- 
eral farming and stock-raising, having 
eighty acres of excellent land, all under 
cultivation. In his political preferences 
Mr. Murphy is a Democrat, and gives 
that party his unfailing support in State 
and National elections; but in township 
and county affairs he selects the best man 
without much regard for party lines. He 
has been called upon to fill various local 
offices of trust; in 1884 he was elected 
township treasurer, and served continu- 
ously until 1889; he has been justice of 
the peace for many years, and in 1894 
was elected to his present position, chair- 
man of the township; in every capacity 
he has proven himself an efficient officer, 

and his service has invariably been marked 
by a careful, conscientious discharge of 
his duties, which has never failed to give 
satisfaction. He gives a ready and willing 
support to every enterprise of interest or 
benefit to his township, and his many 
years of public service have made him 
well known and influential. In religious 
connection he and his wife are members 
of St. Mary's Catholic Church, Glenmore. 

old settler and prominent citizen 
of Fort Howard, Brown county, 
was born in North Schleswig, 
Denmark, in 1824. His parents, Johan 
and Christina (Hanson) Schultz, were 
also natives of Denmark, in which country 
the former died, his excellent wife, mother 
of Peter, came to Brown county, Wis., 
and settled in the township of New Den- 
mark, where she died about 1879, aged 
ninety-three years and four months. She 
also had two daughters; Christina, wife 
of Christian Hartz, in Denmark; and 
Ureka (widow of Hans Nelson), now a 
resident of New Denmark township. 
Brown county. 

The son, Peter Hanson Schult/, lived 
in his native country twenty-six years. 
He received a good education, and in 
1848 entered the Danish army, which 
during that year engaged in its regular 
drill, and in 1849-50 he saw active ser- 
vice in a war against the Germans. He 
learned the trades of carpenter, plasterer, 
and cabinet-maker while yet a resident of 
Denmark, and found employment in those 
lines until he concluded to come to 
America. In 1852 he set out on the sail- 
ing vessel "Alter Peter," from Hamburg, 
landing six weeks later at New York, 
from which city he proceeded directly to 
to Fort Howard, Wis., finding employ- 
ment at the carpenter's trade, which he 
followed for years. In the course of time 
he acquired considerable property, and 
now owns three houses besides the one in 
which he lives. As a Republican ho takes 



a lively interest in political affairs, and 
was for one year a member of the town 
council. Both he and his wife belong to 
the Lutheran Church. 

Mr. Schultz was married in 1 869, at 
Fort Howard, to Anna Maria Hanson, 
daughter of Hans Jorgen and Hannah 
Marguerita (Hendrickson) Hanson, all 
natives of Denmark. The family located 
in New Denmark township in (868, set- 
tling on a farm. The senior Hanson died 
in 1878; his widow, now over eighty-four 
years of age, yet resides on the old farm. 
Their children were: Fredericka, wife of 
Jens Anderson, of Denmark; Carrie, wife 
of Jacob Klausen, of New Denmark 
township; Hans Henry, married and re- 
siding in the same township; Anna Maria, 
now Mrs. Schultz; Martha, wife of Hans 
Rasmussen, of Denmark; Julia, wife of 
Louie Larsen, of New Denmark, Brown 
county. When Mr. Schultz first came to 
Fort Howard, he settled in what was 
known as Tanktown, working at the 
carpenter's trade for Schwarz, Kemnitz 
& Voight, and at contracting and building. 

In the human race there is ever 
progressive change, audit becomes 
the part of biography, which is 
the essence of history, to record and ac- 
celerate it. It shows us how far we have 
advanced beyond the past, and it treas- 
ures up the experience of that past for 
still further advance in the future. 

Without history we would constantly 
require to begin the march of improve- 
ment or progress anew, and society would 
be moving in a narrow ever-returning 
circle, instead of in one straight and for- 
ward line. While this is true of history 
in general, that of ourselves, our relatives, 
our people — crystallized into the form of 
biography, whereby are perpetuated the 
lives of the fittest — has special, even first, 
claims upon us; and it becomes a duty to 
both the present and coming generations 

to include in this biographical work 
records of the lives of such representative 
men of our time as the gentleman of whom 
it is our privilege to now write, whose 
success in business is due to the practical 
and sensible constitution of his mind, 
and to the thoroughness of his business 

Mr. Murphy is a native of the State 
of Maine, born March 27, 1851, in the 
town of Bradley, a grandson of Charles 
Murphy, who was born in the Kennebec 
Valley, in that State, and was a farmer 
of fair education, possessed withal of 
strong characteristics. His son, Simon 
Jones Murphy, Sr. , who is a native of 
the same locality, born in April, 18 15, 
was reared by his uncle, George Jones, a 
farmer on Jones Hill, remaining under his 
care till he was eighteen years old. At 
the age of eighteen he left the farm, going 
to Bangor, on the Penobscot river, where 
he became a lumberman, exploring the 
river and its tributaries for lumbering pur- 
poses. After making himself acquainted 
with all the details of the business, he 
embarked in the industry for his own 
account, and, by energy, sagacity and 
prudence, became a successful lumber- 
man. He was a hard worker, but 
was endowed by nature with a rug- 
ged and strong constitution that carried 
him through many severe hardships. In 
all his ventures he met with success, and 
is to-day, in his declining years, a typical 
representative of a New England pioneer 
lumberman. Soon after getting well 
started in business he married in the 
State of Maine, and in 1866 removed to 
Detroit, Mich., where he has since had 
his home, although for the past several 
winters he has lived in Los Angeles 
county, Cal. His wife, Ann Montgomery, 
was a daughter of Charles M. Dorr, a 
citizen of prominence in the East, and 
she was educated in Boston while living 
with an aunt. Twelve children were 
born of this union, of whom but six lived 
to maturity, as follows; Charles E., 
Simon J. Jr., Albert M., William H., 

>9^i^:2>?t d-z>r j¥ ^^W^*^*^^^^^;^^,^ ^ 

T.,:- ;\-W YOhK 




Aiinu I)., and Frank E. Of these, 
Simon J. Jr., the subject proper of these 
lines, received his primary education in 
Bangor, Maine, finishing at the high 
school, Detroit, Mich., after which he 
prepared himself for college, in 1870 
entering Harvard University, where he 
graduated in the class of 1873, in the 
Lawrence Scientific School. The object 
of his ambition at this time appears to 
have been railroading, and he was 
promised a position on the Northern Pa- 
cific railroad, but the financial crash of 
that year intervened, frustrating his in- 
tentions, and he was fain to enter the 
employ of his father in the lumber busi- 
ness. In order to become thoroughly- 
acquainted with all the details from the 
very commencement, he began at the 
bottom round of the ladder, driving 
teams, etc., and doing all other offices of 
the laboring man, in the end thoroughly 
mastering the business. There is some- 
thing to admire in the conduct of the 
young Harvard graduate working in the 
ranks, as it were, and receiving no ad- 
vantage o\er the common laborer. As 
soon as practicable, he was put in charge 
of a canif), and, later, he had control of 
drivers, in a few years becoming a mana- 
ger in his father's vast lumber business on 
the Saginaw river, Michigan. In 1878 
he became also interested in the White 
River lumber operations, controlled by 
his father, and in 1882 the style of the 
firm became Crepin, Murphy & Sons. In 
1S83, after the election of officers, our 
subject became one of the directors, and 
was made president of the White River 
Boom Co., remaining as such until 1885, 
bv which time the timber owned by his 
firm liad been all cut. 

In ['"ebruary, 1886, .Mr. .Murphy came 
to (ireen Bay, and at once set to work to 
build a sawmill at the mouth of I'^ox river, 
<m what was known as the "Whitney 
slough." which mill is now one of the 
largest in northern Wisconsin, its ca- 
paritv being twcnty-tive million feet i)er 
annum, running daytime only. In Ajiril, 

1886, his brother Frank E. joined him, 
becoming a partner in the business, and 
he is a director and secretary-treasurer of 
the Murphy Lumber Co. , their father 
being president, and their brother W'ill- 
iam H. vice-president. From the very 
commencement this vast industry has 
been a pronounced success, giving em- 
ployment to some 250 men in the woods 
and in the mill, the product of which 
latter is shipped by water and rail to 
Chicago, Milwaukee and eastern points. 

On October 17, 1877, Mr. Murphy 
was married to Miss Helena Bogardus 
Piatt, a lady of much refinement, culture 
and rare grace in entertaining. She is a 
daughter of James Piatt, of Boston, an 
Englishman by birth and education; her 
mother was a Miss Bogardus, of the old 
Dutch family of that name in New York, 
who are related to the Van Rensselaers. 
To this union were born five children, 
named as follows: Elsie L. , Florence L. , 
Lorraine A. , Yvonne Dorr, and C. Temple. 

Politically Mr. Murphy is a Republi- 
can, and, in 1890 and 1894, he was a 
candidate on that ticket for member of 
the Assembly from Democratic Brown 
county, but was defeated by a small ma- 
jority. Socially he is a member of the 
F. & A. M., thirty-second degree, A. A. 
S. Rite, of Tripoli Temple, A. A. O. N. O. 
M. S., E. C. of Palestine Commandery, 
No. 20, and Gr. J. W. of the Grand 
Commandery of the State; he is e.xalted 
ruler of Green Bay Lodge. No. 259. B. 
P. O. E., and is a member of the Order 
of Hoo-Hoo. He was president of the 
Business Association of Green Bay two 
terms. Since becoming a resident of the 
city of his adoption Mr. Murphy has con- 
spicuously and effectively contributed to 
its rapid development, and he is justly 
honored as one of its most useful, most 
substantial and most enterprising citizens. 

The valuable lessons, a young and 
thinking generation can glean from such a 
sterling character as our subject presents, 
are briefly these: that natural ability with 
a good education, coupled with tact and 



restless energ\\ are sure roads to success 
in business, as well as in the social and 
political fields. Only a man of the right 
material could readily doff the student's 
gown for the woodman's jacket, and learn 
the details of a vast business, and in a 
short time place himself practically at the 
head of a vast lumbering concern, be- 
sides finding time to look after the in- 
terest of his city and watch every op- 
portunity which might bring a benefit to 
his town and county; and also to be all 
that a fond father and husband should be 
to his family in the home where the inner 
life, which is the real life of any man, is 
lived. There in the home circle, where 
presides with tact and grace a true Amer- 
ican lady, Mr. Murphy gains much of that 
good cheer for which he is so well known, 
and which is so highly appreciated by his 
numerous friends. 

Mr. Murphy's youth was passed with 
a keen intelligence and much out-door 
life that built up a healthy and robust 
physique, which soon won for him recog- 
nition and respect at the hands of those 
with whom he was thrown in contact; 
thus gradually but surely placing him in 
an enviable position as a prominent citi- 
zen and business man. 

He is of sanguine temperament, though 
cool and deliberate, even when absorbed 
in the most momentous and intricate 
business proposition; in fact, he is pos- 
sessed of what might not improperly be 
styled a judicial cast of mind, which has en- 
abled him to conduct and regulate his large 
business with that perfect order which in- 
sures success; also to maintain discipline 
in, and guarantee honest service at the 
hands of, his small army of employes in 
the mill or forests, which, through the same 
potent agency, are kept in perfect accord 
and under thorough control. 

The casual observer may not always 
recognize, in his often careless attire and 
unostentatious mien, the college graduate 
or polished sympathetic speaker, for as 
such he is fast beginning to be known in 
this part of the State, because he is a 

man that hates cant and empty ceremony, 
and at all times is more than he seems to 

ABEL D. NEWTON (deceased) 
was, in his lifetime, a conspicuous 
landmark in the part of the coun- 
tr}' in which for so many years the 
cheerful ring of his anvil was heard for 
miles around. He was a native of North 
Leverett, Franklin Co., Mass., born Sep- 
tember 2, 1806, being of the seventh gen- 
eration from Richard Newton, who came 
from England to the American Colonies 
before 1640, the heads of the family from 
him down to our subject being as follows: 
Moses, Jonathan, Nathan, Paul, Edward 
and Abel D. Richard Newton, the im- 
migrant, located in Sudbury, Mass., and 
was one of the original proprietors of 
that town. 

Abel D. Newton, the subject proper 
of this sketch, was reared by his grand- 
father. Paid Newton, attending the public 
schools of his early day to the age of 
fifteen years, at which time he commenced 
a six-years' apprenticeship to the trade of 
blacksmith at Deerfield, Mass., and, at 
the age of twenty-one, worked at his trade 
in Ashfield, same State and county. Sub- 
sequently he took a one-year's course of 
study at an academy in Ipswich, Mass., 
at which town he became interested in 
mission work. He united with the Con- 
gregational Church of Ashfield in 1828, 
in 1830 joined the American Board of 
Home Missions, and same year was sent 
out to Mackinaw in the capacity of mis- 
sionary among the Indians in that region, 
continuing cheerfully and faithfully in his 
arduous duties for three or four years; but, 
his health becoming impaired, he had to 
abandon mission work. His work was to 
teach the Indian boys blacksmithing and 
other trades, reading and the customs .of 
civilized life. 

On April 29, 1834, Mr. Newton was 
married, in Ashfield, Mass. (whither he 
had returned for the purpose), to Miss 



Betsey Leonard, a native of that town, 
born December 6, 1809, a daughter of 
Ziba Leonard, of Ashfield, who was of 
the seventh generation from Solomon 
Leonard, who came from England to the 
American Colonies in 1630, locating in 
Uuxbury, Mass., and whose descendants 
by generations were: Jacob, Joseph, 
Joseph, Dan, and Ziba. After marriage 
Mr. and Mrs. Abel D. Newton came to 
Wisconsin, he having entered into an en- 
gagement as blacksmith for the American 
Fur Company, at La Pointe; this was in 
1834, and for about four years he re- 
mained in this employ, at the same time 
giving some attention to missionary work. 
In October, 1839, he came to Green 
Bay, about which time he and his family 
were prostrated with fever and ague, but 
all recovered. During the ensuing winter 
he worked at blacksmithing for Daniel 
Whitney, and in the following summer 
carried on a blacksmith shop he had built 
on Adams street, between Croaks and 
Stuart, so continuing until 185 i, the year 
of his coming to De Pere, where he built 
him a shop, becoming the leading black- 
smith of the locality. For edge tools, a 
branch of the trade at which he was an 
expert, his services were waited on from 
far and near, his reputation as an all- 
round arti.san being widely recognized. 
In De Pere he bought four lots, built a 
house and lived there until i860. He 
had, in 1849, bought a farm of 120 acres 
in Section 32, De Pere township, for 
which he paid $200 in gold, and hither he 
moved in i860, having built a log house 
on his property, which stands a short dis- 
tance north of his present dwelling, the 
latter having been erected in 1875. Here 
Mr. Newton, by unremitting toil and tire- 
less energy, cleared a fine farm, and passed 
in peace the rest of his life, dying January 
7, 1889, full of years and honor. His re- 
mains rest in Greenwood cemetery. In 
("hnrch iTiatters he was an active leader, a 
luling elder and a prominent member of 
the Presbyterian Congregatioti, of which 
Mrs. Newton has also been a member for 

sixty-seveh years. Now, in her eighty- 
sixth year, she is calmly awaiting the 
summons that shall call her hence, to join 
those gone before to the Better Land. 
The children, nine in number, born to this 
honored couple, were as follows: Mercena 
L. , widow of Charles T. Dickinson, of 
St. John's, Ore.; Martha, Mrs. R. F. 
Wilson, of Portland, Ore.; Edward D., 
who died on the home farm from disease 
contracted in the army, he having served 
three years as a member of Company G, 
First Wisconsin Cavalry; Zebina Leonard, 
deceased at the age of three years; James 
K., who died in California, June 26, 1892 
(he had studied abroad, and for sixteen 
years was professor of modern languages 
at Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio; dur- 
ing the Civil war he served four years, 
and was second lieutenant in Company F, 
Fourteenth Wis. V. I.); Samuel, now re- 
siding in De Pere, who is clerk for Jack- 
son & Sons (he served one year in Com- 
pany G, First Wisconsin Cavalry); Er- 
mina E., married, June 2, 1888, to B. A. 
Leonard (sketch of whom follows), and 
living on the home farm in De Peretown- 
shij); Sarah A., Mrs. I. S. Clifford, of 
Manston, Wis., and Marion .A., who died 
at the age of twenty-two years. 

BERNARD A. LEONARD, who is now 
living on the home farm of the late .Abel 
D. Newton, in De Pere township. Brown 
county, is a native of Massachusetts, born 
July 25, 1844, in Southbridge, second son 
of Manning Leonard, wlio was of the 
seventh generation from Solomon Leon- 
ard, who came from England to the 
Colonies in 1630, as already recorded in 
the sketch of Abel D. Newton. He at- 
tended both common and iiigh school, and 
when of age began life for himself. In 
Iosco county, Mich., he bought some land, 
after a visit to Oconto, Wis., which, ad- 
vancing in price, he sold, thus furn shing 
himself with sufTicient capital to embark 
in regular business. For three years he 
was a successful dealer in hardwood lum- 
ber in Detroit, and from there moving to 
Cincinnati. Ohio, became a leading mem- 


ber of the Greenwood Stove Company, 
but at the end of three jears, his health 
faihng, he returned to Detroit and com- 
menced the manufacture of carriage 
wheels, also conducting a dental supply 
store. His health, however, not improv- 
ing, Mr. Leonard returned to his native 
State in order to recuperate, and, after a 
stay of two years, removed to Jackson, 
Mich., and here entered the retail grocery 
and wholesale spice mills of Ford, Dela- 
niater & Company, then returned to 
Massachusetts, where, from 1879 to 1888, 
he remained. 

Mr. Leonard first married. May 31, 
1 87 1, Miss Nellie T. Burr. For his sec- 
ond wife he married, June 2, 1888, Miss 
Ermina E. Newton, of De Pere, Wis., 
since when he has lived a retired life on 
the old Newton homestead. In genealogy 
he takes great interest, and he has lately 
taken up a partly completed work (left so 
by his father) treating on the Leonard 
famih' genealogy, to the completion of 
which he devotes much of his time. 

DANIEL H. DAVIS, a thriving 
farmer of Pittsfield township. 
Brown county, was born in Par- 
ishville, St. Lawrence Co., N. 
y. , November 24, 1842, a son of Darwin 
and Emeline (Steel) Davis, who were the 
parents of four children, viz. : Alonzo D., 
deceased at the age of twenty-six; Daniel 
H., our subject; Emeory, now the wife of 
George Jenkins, of W'rightstown; and 
William Henry, of Cato, Manitowoc Co., 
Wis. The family came to Wisconsin in 
1846, and for five years lived in Wal- 
worth county; then moved to Manitowoc 
county, where Darwin Davis bought eighty 
acres of hard-timber land, from which he 
cleared up a farm; in 1858 he sold twenty 
acres, and in 1869 sold the balance and 
bought a house and lot in Cato, where he 
and his wife lived until May 7, 1885, when 
he died in the Presbyterian faith. His 
M'idow passed away at the home of her 

son, Daniel H., December 4, 1894, at the 
advanced age of eighty-two years, seven 
months, two days, and was buried at Cato, 
Manitowoc Co., Wisconsin. 

On August II, 1S62, Daniel H. Davis 
enlisted in Company K, Twenty-first 
Wis. V. I., and served until December 
29, when, having been shot through the 
arm at the battle of Perryville, he was 
discharged at Louisville, Ky., and re- 
turned to his home, where he was laid up 
a year. Early in 1864 he began driving 
team for S. A. Benjamin, and remained 
with him four years. In the meantime, 
November 12, 1865, he married Mrs. Edna 
M. (Warfield) Branch, daughter of John 
and Caroline (Post) Warfield, and widow 
of Nelson Branch. Mr. Warfield was a 
butcher and farmer, and was twice mar- 
ried; his first wife was Caroline Post, who 
bore him three children, viz. : Mary, 
Edna M. and John M. Mrs. Caroline 
Warfield died when Edna M. (Mrs. Davis) 
was but eight years of age, and Mr. War- 
field married a widow — Caroline Howard 
— who had by her first marriage two 
children, Spencer and Eli; to her marriage 
with Mr. Warfield were born four chil- 
dren, viz. : Augustus, Caroline, William 
and Julia. Edna M. Warfield (Mrs. Davis) 
was first married April 11, 1855, to Nel- 
son Branch, a school-teacher and specu- 
lator, to whom she bore one child, Rosa, 
now Mrs. Frank Hubbard, of Maple Val- 
ley, Oconto Co., Wis. Mr. Branch had 
been married about eight years when he 
became insane, and died in an asylum. 
No children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Davis. 

After his marriage, and after leaving 
the employ of S. A. Benjamin, Mr. Davis 
came with his wife, in 1868, to Mills Cen- 
ter, Pittsfield township, and for three 
years kept a boarding house. During this 
period he bought forty acres of land. He 
got rid of the standing timber by giving it 
to charcoal burners for the clearing of it 
away, built a frame house on the cleared 
land, and a year later took possession of 
it and still lives thereon, having been en- 


gaged in farming ever since his removal 

In politics Mr. Davis is a Republican, 
and has been school clerk two terms, also 
justice of the peace six years, offices he 
has filled with great credit to himself, and 
to the entire satisfaction of his constituents. 

GEORGE GEURTS, one of the 
well-known farmer citizents of 
De Pere township, Brown coun- 
t)', is a native of Holland, born 
March 4, 1845, son of Arnold Geurts, 
who was also a farmer. In the spring of 
1866 Arnold Geurts came to the United 
States, bringing his family, consisting of 
five children, all of whom are yet living. 
They sailed form Antwerp, landing in 
New York after a voyage of !orty-fi\'e 
days, and, in three months from the time 
they leftt heir native land, arrived at their 
final destination. Brown county, Wis. They 
first went to Little Chute, where some rela- 
tives had previously located, and there 
remained four months, working at any- 
thing they could find to do. The family 
then came to De Pere township and pur- 
chased the forty acres where Martin Ver 
Straten now resides, and which at that 
time had no improvements whatever but 
a small log house. There they made 
their home for eight or nine years, all 
w<jrking together to clear and improve the 
land, which at the end of that time was 

In July, 1872, George Geurts was 
uniti:d in marriage with Miss Harriet Van- 
derV'oort, who was born February 20, 
1852, in Holland, daughter of Arnold and 
Mary fBartcn) V'anderVoort, who came 
to the United States in 1856. They made 
the voyage from Antwerp to New York in 
thirty-five days, and then proceeded b}" 
water to Green Bay, Wis. At that time 
Arnold Vander\'oort was a poor man, and 
for a while supported his family by work- 
ing as mason's assistant. He died in De- 
Pere township in 1871 on the farm now 
owned by onr subject, with whom his 

widow, now aged seventy-two years, yet 
resides. After marriage Mr. Geurts im- 
mediately commenced farming on the 
place he now owns and resides upon, and 
which, at the present time, comprises 114 
acres of excellent farming land, all taken 
from the woods. To Mr. and Mrs. Geurts 
were born children as follows: Mary, Ar- 
nold, Annie, John, Nellie, Delia, and Cor- 
nelius, all living, and four that died young. 
Mr. Geurts has resided on his present 
farm for over twenty yerrs, during which 
time, by industry and assiduous toil he 
has done much toward its improvement 
and made for himself a comfortable home. 
He is well known and highly respected 
in his township, \\here he is recognized 
as a thorough, hard-working agriculturist 
and a kind-hearted neighbor. In politics 
he is a Democrat, and, though not an 
office-seeker, he is at present serving as 
school treasurer in his district. He and 
his wife are members of St. Mary's Cath- 
olic Church at De Pere. 

JOHN COD Y, assessor of Fort 
Howard, cit\' and township, has 
held this responsible position for 
eighteen years, evidence sufficient 
in itself of the esteem in which this gentle- 
man is lield l)y his fellow citizens and of 
the trust imposed in him. 

Mr. Cody was born in 1820, in Coun- 
ty Kilkenny, Ireland, in which land of 
the Shamrock his parents, James and 
Bridget (McCarty) Cody, passed their 
lives. Of their children, Ann died in Ire- 
land; Alice came to Philadelphia; Michael; 
a baker by trade, immigrated to Oswe- 
go, N. Y., removing thence to Ohio. 
John, who had received an education in 
the schools of the locality of his birth, 
set out at the age of eighteen years for 
America, and in Greene county, N. Y., 
was employed for seven summers at brick 
making. He was married, in 1841, at 
Albany, N. Y.. to Catherine Ken- 
nedy, also a native of Ireland, whence her 
father came in the early days to New 


York, finally locating at New Orleans, 
where his death occurred. . Eleven chil- 
dren were born to Mr. and Mrs. Cody, of 
whom eight are living : James Henry, 
who enlisted in a Massachusetts regiment 
during the war of the Rebellion, served 
one 3ear, and now resides in the Lake 
Superior region; John Edward and Will- 
iam, both also residents of the Lake 
Superior country; Maria, married and 
residing in New York City; Frank, a 
resident of Quincy, 111. ; Robert, who has 
his home in Dubuque, Iowa; R. D., a resi- 
dent of Winona, Minn. ; and Delia, at home 
with her parents; Michael, who comes 
between Maria and Frank, died in 1874. 
About 1847 Mr. Cody removed to Oswe- 
go county, N. Y., where he continued to 
reside eighteen years, owning a sawmill 
and 130 acres of land. He came to Fort 
Howard in 1865 and settled where he 
now resides, engaging in sawmilling for 
the Howard Mill Company, and a portion 
of the time for the Astor Mill Company; 
he was also, for a few years, engaged in 
the grocery business. He has always 
taken an active interest in public affairs, 
and enjoys the esteem and confidence of 
all who know him. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and he and his wife are mem- 
bers of St. Patrick's Catholic Church. 

JOHN BECHER is one of the indus- 
trious young farmer citizens of 
Preble township, Brown county, a 
son of Joseph Becher, who was born 
in Austria, where he followed farming un- 
til 1854, in which year he came to the 
United States. In his native country 
Joseph Becher had married Anna Rosena 
Fisher, and four children were born to 
them in Europe, Annie, who is now Mrs. 
Leopold Reiner, of New Denmark town- 
ship, Brown county, being the only sur- 
vivor. The others were: Theresa, died in 
Europe; Matilda, died on the ocean and 
there buried; Karl, died in New York and 
buried there. On their arrival in America 
the Becher family came at once to Wis- 

consin, making their first location at 
Waukesha, then in Manitowoc county, 
and later in Brown county, settling on a 
farm in New Denmark township, near the 
eastern township line. The country was 
new, and they endured many hardships and 
privations in the clearing and cultivating 
of the land; but being diligent and perse- 
vering Mr. Becher succeeded in convert- 
ing it into a fertile, productive farm. In 
1870 he removed to Pine Grove in De- 
Pere township, where he peacefully passed 
the remainder of his days, dying Novem- 
ber 18, 1882, a respected member of his 
community. He was a Democrat in poli- 
tics, and in religion a member of the 
Catholic Church. Since his decease his 
widow has made her home with her son, 
John. Her husband was enrolled during 
the Civil war, October 4, 1864, in Com- 
pany D, Seventeenth Wis. V. I., for one 
year's service, and was discharged July 
14, 1865. at Madison, Wis. On Febru- 
ary 12, 1 89 1, she received $2,200 pension 
as back pay for her husband, and twelve 
dollars per month up to date, which 
latter she receives as pension as long as 
she remains a widow. The children born 
to her in America, besides our subject 
were: Frank, born in Manitowoc county. 
Wis., in 1857, died in Duluth, Minn., 
November 18, 1892; Lizzie, born, also in 
Manitowoc county, in i860, married to 
Zachary Goffard, and living in the city of 
De Pere; Mary, born in New Denmark, 
Brown Co., Wis., in May, 1862, now a 
Sister of Charity; and Clara, born also 
in New Denmark, in May, 1867, married 
to Samuel Boggs, and living in Preble 

John Becher first saw the light Febru- 
ary 27, 1864, on the farm of his parents 
in New Denmark township. He received 
his education in the common schools of 
his time, and remained on the home farm 
until he reached the age of fifteen. From 
that time until 1884 he engaged in vari- 
ous pursuits, working a year and a half 
for the Van Dycke Brewing Co., nine 
months for the Menominee Brewing Co., 



three winters for Ramsey & Jones in the 
lumber woods, etc., and part of the time 
with his parents at home. In 1884 he 
opened out a saloon and dance hall in 
Preble, conducting the business for his 
mother until 1 889, when he purchased it for 
himself, and continued as proprietor until 
May, 1894, when he sold it back to his 
mother. He then removed to his present 
beautiful home in Preble, near the Belle- 
vue township line, the location being one of 
the most delightful in the vicinity; the resi- 
dence is situated on a knoll. Here he 
owns a small tract of excellent land, to 
the cultivation of which he now devotes 
himself; also owns one dwelling house in 
Fort Howard, one dwelling house in the 
city of Green Bay, which he has to rent 
out; also forty acres of timber and farm 
land in Glenmore township. Brown 
county. Mr. Becher is everywhere known 
as a hard-working young man, and, being 
possessed of good common sense and 
sound judgment, he has made his busi- 
ness a success. He has a wide acquaint- 
ance in his township, in which he is at 
present serving as supervisor and member 
of the board of health, having been 
elected to the latter office in 1893. In 
his political preferences he is a Democrat. 
On February 7, 1889, Mr. Becher 
was married to Miss Thersa Matcke, who 
was born in De Fere, Wis. , daughter of 
Frederick Matcke, a native of German)-, 
and to this marriage have come three chil- 
dren, namely: Frederick J., born Octo- 
ber 10, 1 890; Joseph W., born October 
26, 1 89 1; and John Frank, born October 
6, 1894. Mr. and Mrs. Becher are mem- 
bers of the Cathedral Catholic Church at 
Green Bay. 

ally John B. Wallace Arndt), of De- 
Pcre.Wis., was, born September 15, 
1815, at Wiikes-Barre, Penn., son 
of Jnhn P. and Elizabeth (Carpenter) 

The family is a very old one in this 

country, the first to reach here having 
been John Philip and Ernest Arndt, who 
had lived on a farm at Frankfort-on-the- 
Main, Germany, until about 1684, when, 
being taxed beyond endurance, they, with 
many friends, sold their property, came 
to America, and bought land of William 
Penn on the Delaware river. John, the 
elder of the two brothers above men- 
tioned, was the ancestor of our subject. 
He erected his dwelling one mile above 
Durham Cove, and this he and his de- 
.scendants occupied until 1700, when the 
grandfather of John W. sold out and 
moved to Easton, Penn., taking with him 
a son, J. P. Arndt. The latter married 
Elizabeth Carpenter, whose ancestors 
came over in the same ship with the 
Arndts, and to this union was born the 
subject of this sketch and several other 
children. J. P. Arndt met with consider- 
able losses at Wilkes-Barre, Penn., dur- 
ing the war of 181 2, and in 181 8 he con- 
cluded to "go west," and after a horse- 
back tour as far as Michigan and Illinois, 
selected Buffalo, N. Y. , as his future 
home. In the fall of 18 19, therefore, 
with his wife and four chidren and such 
household goods as could be transported 
in three wagons, he migrated to that 
city and there engaged in the fish and fur 
trade with the settlements on the great 
lakes until 1822, when he changed his 
headquarters to Mackinac, Mich., and, in 
1824, to Green Ba\', Wis. — a distance of 
200 miles, which was made in a sailing 
vessel in a tempestuous voyage of two 
weeks' duration. John W. was then a 
lad of nine years, but he still vividly re- 
members the hardships of this voyage and 
the loss of a part of the cargo. 

The life of John P. Arndt was an act- 
ive and successful one, ami he filled many 
public oflices — among others that of mem- 
ber of the Territorial Legislature several 
times. He died June 10, 1 861, in his 
eighty-first year, just one year after the 
death of his wife. His eldest son, Alex- 
ander Hamilton, died at Point Isabel dur- 
ing the Mexican war; his second son. 



Charles C. P., a graduate of Rutgers Col- 
lege, and an attorney by profession, was 
elected to the Territorial Senate of Wis- 
consin in 1840, and was shot and killed 
in the Senate Chamber in 1841 by James 
R. Vinyard. The eldest daughter, Mary 
Arndt, was married to Capt. J. W. 
Cotton, of the United States army; Eliza- 
beth, the other daughter, was married to 
H. E. Eastman, an attorney and colonel 
of cavalry in the Civil war. 

J. Wallace Arndt, at the age of nine- 
teen, had received but little schooling, but 
in 1834 he entered the academy of Rev. 
Dr. John Vandavers at Easton, Penn. , 
studied two years, then entered Yale Col- 
lege, where he remained until 1839, after 
which he taught school one year. He 
then read law a year with his brother; but 
on the death of the latter dropped this 
study and assisted his father in the lum- 
ber business until 1856, later working in 
the gold mines of Colorado, and also at 
the oil wells of Pennsylvania. Mr. Arndt 
was united in marriage, September 25, 
1842, with Miss Mary C. Wilcox, who 
was his affectionate companion and faith- 
ful helpmeet until her death from pneu- 
monia, April 13, 1 891. She was a 
daughter of Randall Wilco.x, for many 
years a member of the Wisconsin State 
Legislature. Randall Wilcox was born 
at Lee, Mass., was of English descent, 
and settled in De Pere in 1836. He here 
became president of the De Pere Hy- 
draulic Co., having had much previous 
experience in hydraulics as a builder of 
many bridges and dams in Pennsylvania 
and Maryland. The mother of Mrs. Arndt 
bore the maiden name of Lydia Eield; her 
ancestors were early settlers near Pom- 
fret, Conn., and their old home is still 
known as Field's Point, where a branch 
of the family still lives. The children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Arndt were as fol- 
lows: Edward W. , born February 8, 
1845, a resident of Superior, Wis.; Elcey 
M., born November 27, 1846, who mar- 
ried Charles A. Lawton September 5, 
1866; Emily, born March 26, 1848, mar- 

ried to Peter S. Loy September 7, 1869; 
Mary, born November 28, 1849, and mar- 
ried to James R. Shepard; Lizzie \., 
born June 17, 1851, died October 24, 
1870; Alice, born May 8, 1854, married 
to Thomas D. Bowring; Randall, born 
March 9, 1855, married to Annie C. Ash, 
September 26, 1878; Lydia, born Sept- 
ember 13, 1857, died November 7, 1879, 
and Martha Ann, born May 20, 1859, 
married to John F. Byers August 2, 1882. 
John Wallace Arndt has been actively 
identified with the business interests and 
public improvements of De Pere nearly 
all his life, and the interests of the entire 
territory comprising Brown county have 
received his close attention. He has 
given his aid to every enterprise that 
could in any way benefit the people at 
large, especially toward promoting the 
incoming and outgoing of railroads and 
their construction throughout the county 
as connecting links for traffic between 
local and distant points of trade. Fra- 
ternally he is a Freemason; politically a 
Republican, and in religious belief a Prot- 
estant. Socially he and his family stand 
as high as any in the county or State. 

of De Pere, is a native of Floyd, 
Oneida Co., N. Y. , and was born 
May 2, 1844. His parents were 
Mahlon Palmer Weter and Jane G. (Pal- 
mer) Weter, of whom the latter died 
when our subject was but a year old. 
The father again married, and in 1846 
came with his family to Wisconsin, lo- 
cating in Linn township, Walworth coun- 
ty, and he now resides in Sharon township, 
in the same county. 

James P. Weter resided with his father 
in Walworth county until just past eight- 
een years of age, when he enlisted, in 
August, 1862, in Company C, Twenty- 
second Wis. V. I., and served in Ken- 
tucky until June, 1863, when he was hon- 
orably discharged on account of having 
contracted typhoid pneumonia, by which 


he was iinalided for two years after his 
return home. When sufficiently recov- 
ered, fie attended a private seminary at 
Hebron, 111., for six months, and ne.xt an 
academy of sciences at Elmira, N. Y., 
for a year, and this training was supple- 
mented with a course in a commercial 
college, followed by a six-months' study 
of the law in the office of Smith, Robert- 
son & Fasset, Elmira; but his health 
proved to be too frail for the continuance 
of the latter, and he therefore became a 
student of dentistry in the office of Dr. 
E. C. Terry, of Elmira, N. Y., with 
whom he remained for two years, later 
forming a partnership for one >'ear with 
Dr. E. O. Beers, of the same city. In 
the spring of 1870 he married Miss Sarah 
A. Nichols, of Windsor, Berkshire Co. , 
Mass., and immediately located in Sharon, 
Wis., where he practiced his profession 
until 1S74, when he came to De Pere, 
and has here built up a fine professional 
reputation. In 1889 he took a post- 
graduate course in the College of Dental 
Surgery at Chicago, 111., thus adding 
largely to his already extensive kno\\lcdge 
of his art. 

In politics the Doctor is a stanch Pro- 
hibitionist, and has served the city of De- 
Pere three times as alderman in a most 
satisfactory manner — once by appoint- 
ment to vacancy and twice by election. 
He has also taken a most active interest 
in educational matters, and has served as 
secretary to the West Dc Pere board of 
of education for ten }ears. In the sum- 
mer of 1870 he was appointed United 
States marshal for taking census statis- 
tics. He is a member of the ("■. .\. R., 
of the Temple of Honor, and of the I. O. 
O. l''. In religion lir is a devout member 
of the M. E. Church, liaving joined that 
denomination in 1867. He has taken an 
active interest in church work, has served 
as superintendent of Sunday-school for 
the past twenty-four years consecutively, 
and has also filled tiie positions of stew- 
ard, trustee and treasurer, as well as 
minor offices. 

On the Doctor's start in life his father 
gave him one thousand dollars; but, 
meeting with an accident, he was laid up 
so long with an abscess, fever and other 
ills, that his funds were exhausted, so 
that he was compelled to work his way 
up to an education, and was virtually five 
hundred dollars in debt when he began 
practice. Since his residence in De Pere, 
however, he has paid off all his indebted- 
ness, and has accumulated a comfortable 
property. The children born to his mar- 
riage were three in number, namely: 
Mary O., who died in January, 1888; 
Winifred A., now attending Lawrence 
University at .\ppleton. Wis.; James P., 
Jr., a student in the State University at 
Madison, Wis. The Weters are descended 
from one of the very early settled families- 
of the United States, and on the paternal 
side are of undoubted German origin, 
while on the maternal side they are of 
Holland descent. 

known prosperous young farmer, 
of Preble township. Brown county, 
is the eldest son of Louis and 
Christina (Opstfelder) Liebmann, both of 
whom are natives of Germany. 

Louis Liebmann was born May 29, 
1828, and was reared in his native coun- 
try", receiving a connnon-school education. 
In 1853 he set out with his parents for 
the United States, landing, after a voyage 
of several weeks, in New York, and thence 
proceeding westward, their destination 
being (ireen Bay, Wis., where a brother 
of Louis, Frank Liebmann. had located 
two years previously. They made their 
home in Brown count\'. and, some time 
later, Louis, his fatiier and brother, Frank, 
commenced the fishing business at Wash- 
ington Harbor. Door Co.. Wis., in wliich 
the\ prosjiered. In 1860 Louis Liebmann 
removed with his parents to tiie farm 
where he passed tlie remainder of his life 
(the same on which our subject now re- 
si<ies!. On June 26. 1861, he was united 

3 l6 


in marriage with Miss Christina Opstfeider, 
and they had three children, viz. ; Edmund 
F. , subject of sketch; Ida, now Mrs. 
August Fontain, of Humboldt township; 
and Emma, Mrs. Louis Dudeau, of Merrill, 
"Wis. His widow now makes her home 
•with her son, Edmund F. 

The land was entirely new at the time 
of Louis' location, and had to be cleared, 
but his was an energetic nature, and, going 
to work with characteristic German in- 
dustry, he soon transformed the forest 
into a productive farm. At the time of 
his death he was in comfortable circum- 
stances, the result of years of stern labor 
and strict economy. A quiet, unassuming 
man, he was universally respected. Po- 
litically he was a Republican, but took 
little or no interest in party affairs, and in 
church connection he was a Lutheran. 
He died on the farm February 5, 1886, 
and now lies buried in Woodlawn ceme- 
tery, Green Bay. 

Our subject was born October 11, 
1862, in Preble township. Brown county, 
on the farm where he yet resides, re- 
ceived in his youth a common-school edu- 
cation, and has followed farming all his 
life. On May 10, 1887, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Elizabeth Larchied, 
who was born July 29, 1868, in Preble 
township, daughter of Anton and Ger- 
trude (Basten) Larchied, and to this union 
have come two children, Christina E. and 
Julia L. In his political preferences Mr. 
Liebmann is a Republican, and in 1890 
he was elected township overseer. He is 
a systematic agriculturist, and, possessing 
the industry so characteristic of the fam- 
ily, has a prosperous career before him. 

WM. WORKMAN, the well-known 
and popular druggist, of West 
De Pere, was born in Ripon, 
Wis., December 13, 1850, and 
is a son of William and Margaret (Miller) 

Our subject was educated in the city 
schools, also at Brockway College, Ripon, 

and was also highly trained in vocal and 
instrumental music. At the age of 
twenty he was proficient on many instru- 
ments, including nearly all the pieces 
used in a brass band. Although troubled 
with pulmonary ailments, he accepted a 
lucrative position with the Blakely Con- 
cert and Oratorio Company, as tenor 
singer, and, later, made an engagement 
with the Harry Robinson Minstrel Com- 
pany, also as tenor singer, traveling with 
the same for about four years. His 
versatility as a musician was so great that 
he could at any time be relied on to take 
the place and instrument of almost any 
member of the company who might be 
absent from a performance on account of 
illness or for other cause. Mr. Work- 
man was also a most excellent book- 
keeper, and, when he came to De Pere, 
April 4, 1874, was employed in that 
capacity by the De Pere Car Works, of 
which his father was superintendent, but, 
at the end of the year the business was 
discontinued, and he then became book- 
keeper for the Menomonee Furnace Com- 
pany, at Menomonee, with which he re- 
mained until 1877, when he accepted a 
position with the De Pere Agricultural 
Works, contracting to do all its painting 
for a year. He then became bookkeeper 
for the same company, then its secretary, 
filling the latter position until February 
24, 1885, when he resigned and engaged 
in breeding trotting horses on a farm six 
and a half miles south of Ripon, in part- 
nership with D. Thomas. Among the 
trotters here bred, one, "Barney F. ," 
made a record of 2:29.^ when five years 
old. Mr. Workman also brought to 
Brown county, "Achilles," No. 2535 in 
Wallace's Trotting Register — the first 
registered, trotting-bred stallion brought 
to the county. At Ripon, in 1892-93, 
Mr. Workman was secretary of the 
Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, which company carried risks aver- 
aging $1,500,000 annually. In 1893 he 
settled in West De Pere, and, on Novem- 
ber I, began his present drug business. 



He carries a full line of drugs, paints, oils. 
wall paper, stationery, etc., and is doinfj 
a thriving business. Mr. Workman is a 
member of the Masonic Lodge at De- 
Pere, in which he has passed all the sub- 
ordinate chairs, and has served as wor- 
shipful master; he has also filled the 
position of chief templar of the Temple of 
Honor at De Pere, and for eight years, 
all told, was a member of the West De- 
Pere fire department, serving four years 
as chief. 

Mr. Workman was married October 
24, 1878, to Harriet S. Stewart, who has 
borne him four children, viz.: Jean (de- 
ceased), William Stewart (deceased). Dean 
and Nannie. Mr. Workman and family 
stand very high socially, and he is looked 
upon as one of the most enterprising and 
substantial residents of West De Pere. 

AUGUST GREILING, a respected, 
self-made farmer of Preble town- 
ship, Brown county, is a native of 
the Fatherland, born August 5, 
1836, son of Nicholas Greiling, a stone- 
mason, who had three children : Fred- 
erick, who died in Germany; Caroline, 
yet residing in her native land; and 

Our subject received his education in 
the common schools of the time, attend- 
ing until his fourteenth year. He learned 
the cabinet-maker's trade, serving an ap- 
prenticeship of three and a half years at 
same, after which according to the rules 
of that time, he traveled for three years, 
then followed the business on his own 
account, later employing three or four 
men. On August 23, 1864, he married 
Miss Amelia C. Overlander, who was 
born September 21, 1840, in Germany, 
six miles from the birthplace of her hus- 
band, daughter of Christopher Over- 
lander, an ironworker employed at the 
furnaces there. Two children were born 
to this marriage in Germany, namely: 
Hugo H. and Louis L. , both of whom 
are now farmers in Preble township. Mr. 

Greiling managed to save some money 
from his hard-earned wages, and in 1866 
concluded to try his fortune in America. 
Accordingly, on October 13, that year, 
he and his family sailed from Hamburg 
on the steamer " Allmonia, " of the Ham- 
burg-American line, bound for New York, 
where they landed after a voyage of fif- 
teen days. Having friends in Green Bay, 
Wis., they proceeded thither at once, 
traveling by rail via Chicago, and arriving 
November 13. Mr. Greiling secured 
work with Bender & Phal, furniture 
manufacturers, of Green Bay, remaining 
with them one year, and then remaining 
another year and a half with Mrs. Phal, 
who continued the business after Mr. 
Bender's death. By strict economy dur- 
ing this time he had saved a hundred dol- 
lars, which in part paid for the forty acres he 
had purchased in Section 33, Preble town- 
ship, the present homestead, where he buiit 
a small house and took up his residence 
thereon in April, 1 868. Here for a year 
he continued to follow his trade, making 
furniture and hauling it to town for Anton 
Burkhard, and then abandoned cabinet 
making, and for twelve to fifteen years 
engaged in contracting at various places 
in the township, building houses, barns, 
etc., and doing anything else in that line. 
He has never discontinued carpentry alto- 
gether, and still does odd jobs for others 
besides such work as he requires for him- 
self. When he first settled on the farm 
it was covered with timber and brush, 
and the task of clearing was an arduolis 
one; but he has succeeded by industrj' in 
converting it into a fertile, productive 
tract, and has also added another forty 
acres, now having a well-improved farm 
of eighty acres. Mrs. Greiling, by her 
economical management has been no 
small factor in her husband's success, and 
the children have also assisted faithfully. 
Much credit is due her for bringing up 
and caring for so large a family as was 
their's, of whom she takes, in her later 
davs. so much priile. 

In this country Mr. and Mrs. Greiling 



have had the followin,!; children born to 
them: Charles and Herman, contrac- 
tors, now the firm of Greiling Bros., 
in Green Bay; Fred C, Frank, Caroline, 
Albert L. and Henr)-, all living at home; 
John, deceased in infancy; and Emma, at 
home. Mr. Greiling and his sons are 
standi I'iepublicans, and, though not by 
any means an active partisan, he is an 
ardent supporter of the principles of his 
party, and is a strong advocate of protec- 
tive tariff. His friends credit him with 
being a strong advocate of more liberal edu- 
cational facilities and stringent laws gov- 
erning same. Mr. Greiling has won the 
respect of his fellow citizens for his fair 
dealings and honest methods; and is self- 
made in the full sense of the term, having, 
from a start of nothing, accumulated the 
comfortable property he now enjoys and 
richly deserves. At present he is enjoy- 
ing his daily papers. 

FRED MATZKE, an upright, ener- 
getic citizen and farmer of De- 
Pere township, is a native of the 
village of Gross-Pogul, Wohlau, 
Prussia, born March 2, 1826, son of 
Anton Matzke, a farmer in ordinary cir- 
cumstances, who died when his son Fred 
was si.x years of age, leaving six children, 
four sons and two daughters. 

Fred Matzke received his education in 
the common schools of his nati\'e place, 
attending until he was fourteen years of 
ag'e. When sixteen years old he hired 
out as a farm hand, and thereafter worked 
as a farmer and shepherd. In 1855 he 
married Mary Herda, a native of the vil- 
lage of Gleinau, Wohlau, Prussia, and 
shortly afterward he and his young wife 
emigrated to the United States, sailing 
from Bremen to Quebec, where they 
landed after a voyage of seven weeks. 
From Quebec they came to Green Bay 
Wis., and here resided a short time, Mr. 
Matzke also working in sawmills at 
Oconto, his wife remaining in Green Bay. 
Subsequently, having a let in Green Bay, 

he traded half of it for a farm of thirteen 
acres in Bellevue township. Brown county, 
and forty-five dollars in cash; the other 
half of the lot he sold for $250. On 
this farm in Bellevue township the family 
resided in a log house, Mr. Matzke labor- 
ing in the harvest fields for others, and at 
first they endured many hardships. The 
land was uncleared, and Mr. Matzke 
chopped wood on the farm at six shillings 
a cord. On March i, 1864, he rented a 
farm of eighty acres of cultivated land one 
mile from his own farm in Bellevue town- 
ship, and here worked hard and indus- 
triously, doing well. On October 7, 1864, 
while on his way to visit his brother-in- 
law in Minnesota, he enlisted at LaCrosse, 
Wis., in Company D, Forty-fourth Wis. 
V. I., and was sent to Nashville, where, 
under Gen. George H. Thomas (who was 
his commander during his entire service), 
he participated in his first active engage- 
ment, a three-days' battle. He served 
until the close of the war, and on August 
28, 1865, was honorably discharged at 
Paducah, Ky., immediately returning to 
his home in Brown county. Wis. In the 
meantime, during his absence, his wife 
sold all the personal property and grain, 
and moved back to their own log house in 
Bellevue township, where she remained 
with her five children; and to add to the 
general unpleasantness of the situation 
the family were considerably annoyed by 
thieving Indians in the neighborhood. Mr. 
Matzke takes this opportunity to return 
many thanks to the good neighbors who- 
assisted his wife during his absence in 
the war. 

In the fall of 1865 he purchased eighty 
acres of partly improved timber land in 
De Pere township, going into debt for 
same to the extent of seven hundred dol- 
lars, and here he has ever since made his 
home. To our subject and wife have 
been born children as follows : August 
and Mathias, farmers of Glenmore town- 
ship; Annie, now Mrs. Victor Fonder, of 
Glenwood Springs, Colo. ; Mary, now 
Mrs. Albert Radke, of Milwaukee, Wis. ; 


Rosa, Mrs. Joseph Raster, of De Pere 
township; Paul, a fanner, of Wrif^hts- 
town, Wis. ; Theresa, Mrs. John Beclier, 
of Preble; Sylvester, residing in Millbank, 
S. Dak. ; and Elizabeth and Philip, at 
home. In politics Mr. Matzke was 
originally a Democrat, but he is now in- 
dependent, voting as his conscience and 
judgment dictate; he has served nine 
3'ears as supervisor of De Pere township, 
and school treasurer fourteen years; the 
first school building ever erected in his 
district he bought, and is now using as 
his granary on the farm. He and his 
wife are members of the St. Mary's 
Catholic Church of De Pere. Mr. Matzke 
has been one of the most industrious men 
in his township, and his noble wife has 
also done her share of work in the rearing 
of their large family and the careful 
management of the household. He is 
straightforward and honest in all his 
dealings, and has won the respect of the 
community by his fair methods and sterl- 
ing worth. Though he was not wounded 
during his service in the Civil war, his 
general health was seriously impaired, 
and he has never been a robust man since 
before the three-days' battle referred to 
above, when he was taken sick. During 
that fight he was so unwell that he had 
to lie down on the wet ground in the 
rain, which increased his illness. When 
he and his faithful wife first arrived in 
Green Bay about forty years ago, he had 
only about $150 in cash, and everything 
they now possess has been accumulated 
by honest industry and judicious econ- 
omy. As good Christian people they arc 
deservedly honored and respected by the 
entire community. 

TI.MOTHV I-iVAN (deceased), who 
was known during his lifetime as 
an industrious farmer, was a na- 
tive of County Tipperary, Ire- 
land, where he grew to manhood. Timo- 
th\ was but a young !)c)y when his father 

died, and consequently he was obliged to 
commence work when still ver\' young. 

In early manhood, having saved 
enough to bring him to America, Mr. 
Ryan emigrated from his native country, 
to try his fortune in the New World, 
locating first in New York State. In 
Cooperstown, N. Y., he was united in 
marriage to Miss Bridget Ryan, who was 
born in County Limerick, Ireland, daugh- 
ter of Timothy Ryan, and came to the 
United States in her girlhood. After 
their marriage the young couple concluded 
to go west where work was plenty and 
land was cheap, and, coining to W'iscon- 
sin, spent the first winter in Green Bay, 
Mr. Ryan finding employment in the 
lumber woods. The following spring he 
purchased a totally unimproved tract of 
land in Rockland township, Brown county, 
and while waiting for their dwelling to 
be built they lived at the home of An- 
thony Dwyer. The surrounding country 
was all new and very wild, but Mr. Ryan 
bravely set about the task of clearing 
away the forest; and being a diligent 
worker and anxious to make a comfort- 
able home for himself and family, he soon 
had a fine farm. He died on this place 
April 12, 1874, and was buried in De- 
Pere cemetery. In politics he was a stanch 
Democrat. During the Civil war he was 
a soldier in the Union army, and he never 
fully recovered from the hardships en- 
dured in the service. He left a family of 
eight children (the eldest then but si.xteen 
years of age), viz. : Nora, now a resi- 
dent of Chicago; Joanna, Mrs. John 
Underwood; Patrick, of Ashland, Wis., 
Timothy, on the home farm; Mary, Mrs. 
Fred Bettinger; Simon, a lumberman; 
and Morris and Katy, at home. At the 
time of the father's death the home had 
not been fully paid for, and a portion of 
the land was allowed to go to pay the 
balance. Mrs. Ryan has since managed 
the affairs of the place with ability and 
success, and has been faithfully assisted 
by her children. The agricultural work 
is now attended to \\\ the son Timothy, 


and the farm yields a comfortable sup- 
port to the famih', being a fertile, well- 
cultivated piece of land. Mrs. Ryan has 
seen her home transformed from the 
dense forest, taking no small part in this 
work herself. She is a member of St. 
Francis Catholic Church, De Pere, and 
is highly respected in the community 
where he has resided for so many years. 

ney at law in his native city of 
Green Bay, was born in 1862, and 
for three years has been actively en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession, at 
first under the firm name of Watermolen 
& Wavrunek. His parents were natives 
of Belgium, and in 1857 came to America, 
settling in Bellevue township, Brown Co. , 
Wis., where the father engaged in farm- 
ing, and where he and his wife still re- 
side. Of their eight children, seven are 
still living, viz.: Joseph P., William, 
Henry, Afary, Philip, John P., and 
John B. 

J. F. Watermolen was reared and ed- 
ucated in the township of Bellevue until 
the age of twenty-three, and then at- 
tended the business college managed by 
Murch & Hills, at Green Bay; he next 
taught in the district schools of Brown 
county, reading law in the meanwhile, 
and finally entered the law office of 
Wigman & Martin, studying until Decem- 
ber 29, 1 89 1, when he was admitted to 
the bar with highest honors at Milwau- 
kee, Wis., since when he has enjoyed a 
lucrative practice. He is United States Cir- 
cuit Court Commissioner for the Eastern 
District of Wisconsin. He was married, 
April 18, 1893, in Green Bay, to Miss 
Ella M. Wigman, daughter of J. H. M. 
Wigman, a prominent attorney at law. 
One child, James J., is the fruit of this 
congenial union. Mr. and Mrs. Water- 
molen are devoted members of St. Willi- 
brord's Catholic Church, and socially are 
held in high esteem by a large circle of 
personal friends, as well as by the com- 

munity at large. Mr. \\'atermolen is a 
member of the Catholic Order of Fores- 
ters and of Navarino Camp, No. 534, 
Modern Woodmen. His business is daily 
increasing, and his abilities as a lawyer 
are fully recognized as being far beyond 
those of any practitioner of his age in 
the county. He is one of the many young 
men, self-educated and self-made, who 
have made the most of the golden op- 
portunities open to the ambitious Ameri- 
can youth. 

leading baker of De Pere, was 
born in 1831, in Belgium, a son 
of Frank De Jonghe, who was a 
butcher by trade, and had a numerous 

Constant was but three years old when 
he lost his parents, and, until he reached 
the age of twenty years, was reared by his 
maternal step-grandfather, at the end of 
which time he commenced learning the 
baker's trade, and worked at same in the 
old country until he was twenty-four 
years of age. He then, on July 5, 1856, 
set sail from Antwerp for the United 
States on the "American Alexander," 
which should have sailed the previous 
day, but was detained in port one day in 
order to give the crew an opportunity of 
celebrating the "Fourth" onshore. On 
September 25, Mr. De Jonghe landed at 
New York, whence he came directly to 
Wisconsin, landing in Green Bay with 
but twenty-nine cents in his pocket. He 
soon found work, however, in sawmills, 
in the woods and on the lakes, all along 
saving some money; and, as he was always 
faithful in his service to his employers, he 
never had to ask for work a second time 
from any employer. Fourteen years of 
his life were passed in the lumber woods 
of Wisconsin, but he lost his earnings; he 
was also for some fifteen or sixteen years 
in Menominee, Mich. In 1873 he came 
to West De Pere, and with what capital 
he had manatjed to save from the time 


he lost everything, as above referred to, 
he started a bakery which he carried on 
there until 1887, when he moved into 
De Pere and opened his present business, 
on the corner of Broadway and Charles 
street. Here he has built a very substan- 
tial brick block, two and a half stories 
high, and containing two business rooms. 
His bakery is now the leading one in the 
city, and his success is the result of his 
own hard work and indomitable perse- 

In July, 1882, Mr. De Jonghe was 
married in West De Pere to Miss Romaine 
Van De Walle, a native of Belgium, and a 
resident of Wisconsin since 1881. They 
have one child, Mary, who is a natural 
musician, and, for her age, quite a wonder 
as a piano player. In his religious faith 
Mr. De Jonghe is a devout Catholic, and 
he enjoys the respect and esteem of all 
who know him. 

OTTOMAN GEORGI. As a living 
e.xample of what resolute work- 
ing, earnest endeavor and indom- 
itable perseverance will accom- 
jilish, this gentleman stands prominent 
among the worthy citizens of Brown 
county. He is a native of Prussia, Ger- 
many, born February 24, 1837, in the 
village of Blankenburg, son of Philip 
(ii'orgi, a tanner by occupation, who 
pa.ssed his entire life in the Fatherland, 
flying there in 1859. 

The l)oyhood experiences of Ottoman 
were not different from those of other 
lads in his rank of life — attending school 
with regularity for a few years, and then 
learning a trade. This latter part of his 
education our subject received under his 
father's tuition, he serving a three-years' 
aiiprenticeship in the tannery, after which 
he (hd journeyman work at various places. 
In 1853 he was nearing the age when he 
should enter the army, according to the 
law of his country, but through his father's 
personal intercession with the King of 
Bavaria he was given exemption. His 

father having now presented him with one 
hundred Prussian dollars to commence 
the world with, young Ottoman concluded 
to try his fortune in the Western World. 
Accordingly, securing passage on board 
the ship "George Corning," from Ham- 
burg to New York, he set sail with a 
light heart and bright prospects, and, 
after a six-weeks' voyage, landed at the 
port of debarkation. From New York 
he at once proceeded in the direction of 
his destination. Green Bay, Wis., but on 
his arrival in Detroit found his money all 
gone. Assistance, however, coming from 
friends in Green Bay, he was enabled to 
pursue his way, but, through some mis- 
take, landed in the town of Madison, a 
total stranger, and penniless. Here he 
could find no employment, and, de- 
ciding to make his way to Portage 
City, where he hoped to be more suc- 
cessful, he set out on foot, getting an 
occasional meal from farmers en route. 
In Portage he succeeded in securing work 
at eight dollars per month; but, never 
losing sight of his proper detination, he 
left there after saving little money, and, 
traveling by way of Madison, Milwaukee, 
Sheboygan and Manitowoc, finally reached 
Green Bay, arriving August 26, 1854, 
after many adverse experiences. Here he 
readily secured work in F. B. Gardner's 
sawmill, remaining there over five years, 
or until early in the spring of 1859, when, 
having received news of his father's death 
in (Germany, he set out in the month of 
April for his old home, taking passage at 
New York for Bremen, the voyage occupy- 
ing fourteen days. At his old home he 
spent about one month, and then returned 
by the same boat, from Hamburg to New 
York, bringing with him to Green Bay his 
sister, Sophia, and brother, August, the 
latter party arriving in August, 1859. 
Our subject then returned to his work in 
Gardner's sawmill, continuing there until 
1862, at which time he went to Onton- 
agon, Mich., and there worked in a 
tannery a couple of months, and also in 
the mines. ReturniuL' to Green Bav, 


Mr. Georgi secured employment in Fred 
Schellers' Cedar Creek Gristmill, in Preble 
township, but in October, 1864, he had to 
leave, having been drafted into Company 
E, Seventeenth Wis. V. I., which was 
mustered in at Camp Randall, Madison, 
Wis. From there the regiment was sent 
to Louisville, thence to Kingston, Chatta- 
nooga and finally to Atlanta, where they 
e.xperienced their first battle. They then 
participated in Sherman's march to the 
sea, and followed the fortunes of the army- 
till the Grand Review at Washington in 
1865. At Louisville, Ky., our subject 
was honorably discharged July 14, 1865, 
and was mustered out at Madison, 
Wis., whence he at once proceeded to 
Green Bay thence to Preble township, 
where his wife and infant son were, 
and at once resumed the pursuits of 
peace. In 1867 he purchased twenty 
acres of land in Preble township, on which 
his present residence stands, and to this 
he from time to time added until he found 
himself the owner of over 230 acres — part 
of which he has given to his children — all 
the result of his own individual hard work, 
untiring energy and sound judgment. 

On January i, 1864, Mr. Georgi was 
married to Miss Maria Barbara Basten, 
born April 24, 1835, in the village of 
Kosen, Prussia, who came to the United 
States in 1852, along with her parents. 
The children of this union are Fred and 
Philip, both of whom are farmers in Preble 
township; Lena and Charles, at home; 
and August, who died May 22, 1876, aged 
eight years. The mother of these died 
January 14, 1890, and sleeps her last 
sleep in the cemetery at Green Bay, since 
when the daughter, Lena, has presided 
over her father's house with becoming 
grace. In 1870 our subject revisited Ger- 
many, and on his return brought with him 
his aged mother, who passed the rest of 
her life at his home, dying November 

9. ^^9^- 

In politics our subject is a Republi- 
can, and for some eight or ten years 
served his township as supervisor, having 

been elected on that ticket; but he is no 
partisan, in county and township affairs 
invariably supporting such men and 
measures as he deems best for the com- 
munity at large. Socially he is a member of 
Herman Lodge, No. iii, I. O. O. F. ; of 
the Germania Society, and of T. O. Howe 
Post, No. 1 24, G. A. R. , all of Green Bay. 
Taken all in all, Mr. Georgi is athoroughl}- 
representative citizen, universally respect- 
ed, and is a typical self-made man. 

DON F. SMITH, one of the most 
prominent and active citizens of 
Suamico village. Brown county, 
was born July 28, 1836, in Onon- 
daga county, N. Y., a son of Hiram J. 
and Elsie H. (Adams) Smith, also natives 
of New York. Hiram J. Smith was born 
March 6, 1 800, was a shoemaker by trade, 
and died May 26, 1845, in Erie county, 
N. Y. ; Mrs. Elsie H. Smith, whose par- 
ents came from Rhode Island, was born 
September 4, 1802, and died October 13, 
1872. Of the six children born to them 
but two are still living, Don F. and Ho- 
ratio, the latter a resident of Michigan. 

Don F. Smith was reared on the farm 
of an uncle from the time he was fifteen 
until he reached the age of twenty-one, 
when, in 1857, he came to Wisconsin with 
his brother-in-law, H. J. Ayres, and locat- 
ing in Duck Creek, Brown county, worked 
here two years in a sawmill. Then for a 
time he taught school in Howard town- 
ship, and later engaged by the month in a 
saw and shingle mill in Suamico town- 
ship, being thus employed at the time of 
his marriage. On August 25, 1863, he 
wedded Miss Julia A. Woodruff, who was 
born at Norton, Summit Co., Ohio, but 
was reared and educated in Akron, same 
State, and when quite \oung came west 
for the benefit of her health, teaching 
school until her marriage, when she re- 
linquished that vocation. The union of 
Don F. and Julia A. Smith has been 
blessed with six children, as follows : fi) 
Hattie M., born August 29, iS64;was 


^V ^. 


'^- 7^ jlL^^^r^^^V/t 

TV.E r.LV '{{jM 



first married to C. O. Stevens, who died 
leaving one son, now also deceased; her 
second marriage was to D. \V. Burns, and 
to them has come one daughter, Esther 
C. , born August 12, 1893. (2) Estella, 
born April 12, 1866, was married to F. 
B. Stevens, and to this union were born 
three children — Hiram D., October 4, 
1890, Ethel, November — , 1891, and El- 
sie, February 21, 1893. (3) Frank A. 
was born April 30, 1868. (4) Don U. was 
born July 21, 1870. (5) Lloyd was born 
April 30, 1 88 1. (6) Cora was born Octo- 
ber 9, 1883. Mrs. Julia A. Smith is a 
daughter of Giles and Esther (Wetmore) 
Woodruff, natives, respectivel)', of Massa- 
chusetts and Connecticut. Giles Wood- 
ruff, who is a farmer, was a pioneer of 
Ohio, and served as colonel of a regiment 
of home guards. He died in Akron, Ohio, 
at the age of seventy-si.\ years, leaving 
two children, Mrs. Julia A. Smith and 
Mrs. Lucia E. Vosburg. 

After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Don F. 
Smith located in Suamico village, where 
for a year and a half he worked in a 
sawmill, and then went to Akron, Ohio, 
at which place he bought a meat market, 
and conducted same one summer. He 
then rettwned to Suamico, where he had 
charge of the shipping interests of several 
large firms for two or three years. When 
the C'hicago & Northwestern railway was 
built through the town of Suamico he was 
appointed, cjii July i, 1872, agent forthe 
company, a position he has held ever 
since, giving the utmost satisfaction. He 
has also served as postmaster for the last 
thirt}' years; township treasurer for over 
three years, and has filled several other 
local offices with great credit and accepta- 
liility. His lirst vote was cast for Abraham 
Lincoln in i860, and he has been a faith- 
ful member of the Republican party ever 
since. He is a notary public, acts as 
agent for tiie American E.xpress Company, 
and has always manifested marked busi- 
ness ability, industry and activity. He is 
treasurer of the Methodist P^piscopal 
<"hinrii at Suaniiro. Mr, iimlMrs. Smith 

were both school teachers, and full}- com- 
petent to rear their family. No man in 
the county is more capable of filling the 
responsible positions to which he has been 
called than Mr. Smith, and Mrs. Smith is 
a lady of fine intellect, highly accomplished 
and much loved by all. The family have 
a delightful home in the town, and also 
own a sinall farm, which is rented out. 
Mr. Smith has, assisted by his amiable 
wife, made his comfortable property 
through industry, and backed by a deter- 
mination to succeed. By his unswerving 
integrity he first gained the confidence of 
his fellow citizens, and by his faithful at- 
tention to the duties of the various posi- 
tions he has filled as a public officer, and 
as an employe, he has won the approba- 
tion of all parties concerned. Socially, no 
family in the township occupies a more 
enviable position. 

awake, progressive citizen, and the 
leading blacksmith of Wrightstown, 
Brown county, of which city he has 
been a resident some twenty years, is a 
native of Rhein-Province, (jermany, born 
July 16, 1854, in Irsch, Kreis Saarbruck, 
Regierungsbezirk Trier. For ten genera- 
tions his ancestors were blacksmiths before 
him, some serving in the armies of Europe, 
and they were, for the most part, educated 
above their station, many members of the 
families being educators. Grandfather 
Mathias Kettenhofen followed blacksmith- 
ing in Orsholtz, Germany, and also his 

Peter Kettenhofen, father of Jacob, 
our subject, carried on that trade in Irsch 
till 1862, when he was iiuluced to come 
to America by his sisters, who had pre- 
ceded him to the Western World. Com- 
ing with his family to Wisconsin, Peter 
located in Holland township. Brown 
county, where ho followed his trade in 
connection with farnn'ng till 1872. in 
which year he removed \.o Wrightstown 
anil established the blarksmith shop now 



occupied by his son Jacob. He died 
October 21, 1887, ap;ed about sixty years, 
esteemed and respected by all who knew 
him as a bright, intelligent, active and 
honorable man. In Europe he had been 
educated for the profession of teacher; 
but the ruling trait of the family was so 
strong in him that he preferred the trade 
he followed throughout life, and he had 
five brothers, all also blacksmiths. He 
was considered a first-class mechanic, 
.making a success of his business, and 
much of his work is still to be seen in 
various parts of the county. In his native 
land he had married Miss Anna Fish, who 
was also born in Irsch, near Trier, Rhein 
Province, Germany, and nine children 
were born to them, six of whom are yet 
living. The mother was called from 
earth August 27, 1892. Peter Ketten- 
hofen was a consistent member of the 
Catholic Church; in politics he was a 
stanch Democrat, and served as delegate 
to county conventions. 

The subject proper of these lines, 
whose name opens the sketch, was eight 
years old when his parents brought him to 
this country, and in Holland township. 
Brown county, he received a good com- 
mon-school education. In 1871, when 
seventeen years old, he commenced to 
learn blacksmithing in Menasha, with 
Philip Sensenbrenner, a master mechanic, 
and at the end of two years came to 
Wrightstown, where he entered his 
father's shop, and has remained there 
continuously to the present time, a period 
of over twenty years, in which connection 
it were superfluous to add that he is a 
master of the business in every detail, 
and a thoroughly expert horse-shoer. On 
June 29, 1 880, he was married to Miss Liz- 
zie Brenzel, who has borne him nine chil- 
dren: Catharina, Annie, John, Helena, 
Jacob, Mary, Clara, Eva and Peter. Mr. 
and Mrs. Kettenhofen are members of the 
Catholic Church. Politically he is identi- 
fied with the Democratic party, has con- 
siderable influence in local and county 
politics, being well known all over the 

southern part of Brown county and the 
northern part of Outagamie, and generally 
serves as delegate to conventions. So- 
cially he is an active member of the Cath- 
olic Knights of Wisconsin, is president of 
the local order, was elected a delegate to 
the State convention at Oshkosh in 1894. 
He has taken an interest in educational 
matters, and is trustee of the Sisters' 
school at Wrightstown. 

On March 28, 1894, he was chosen 
chairman of the caucus, being the first 
caucus held in the new town hall at 
Greenleaf, to nominate officers for the 
town election. 

JAMES McKONE, a popular livery- 
man and horse breeder, of Green 
Bay, was born in County Cavan, 
Ireland, April 15. 1854, and is a 
son of James and Ann (McCabe) McKone. 
The father, who was a prosperous farmer, 
died in 1858, leaving a widow and six 
children, viz. : Patrick, Catherine, John, 
James L. , Terrence and Ann — all living 
with the exception of Ann, who died in 
Minneapolis, Minn., leaving one child, 
also named Ann. In 1868 the mother of 
our subject sold her property in Ireland, 
and with three children came to America, 
her other children having preceded her. 
She bought a place in Oshkosh, Wis. , 
where her three brothers, Cornelius, John 
and Frank, then lived, and where John 
still has his residence. Here Mrs. Mc- 
Kone passed away December 5, 1885. 

The subject of this sketch, after pass- 
ing six weeks in New York, was employed 
in a sawmill at Oshkosh, Wis., until 
December, 1879, when he went to Wau- 
sau. Wis., and for four years profitably- 
carried on a dairy; he then moved to 
Clintonville, Wis. , and bought a livery 
stock, which he transferred to Fort 
Howard, where he remained fourteen 
months, and then settled in Green Bay, 
and here he rented the barn which he 
now owns. He has had his business mis- 
fortunes, but, on the whole, has been re- 



markably successful. His stables con- 
tain thirty-four horses, some of which 
are very valuable, among them being a 
two-year-old mare, "Bourbon Break," 
with a record, as a two-year-old, of 2:31 j; 
for this animal Mr. McKone has refused 
$3,000. Among other promising animals 
in this stud are "Anna May," "Wilkes," 
"J. C," "Skylark," "Ben Crosier," 
' 'Fancher, "and ' ' Daisy H. " While a resi- 
dent of Oshkosh, Mr. Mclvone married 
Julia Helpen, daughter of Patrick and Jen- 
nie (Mallon) Helpen. She bore her hus- 
band two children — James L. and Mamie, 
the former of whom resides with his father, 
the latter dying in infancy. Mrs. Mc- 
Kone died May 15, 1881, and her re- 
mains were interred at Wausau. The 
second marriage of Mr. McKone took 
place at Clintonville, Wis., to Miss Mary 
Geary, a native of Hazleton, Penn., and 
daughter of Patrick and Catherine (Mulli- 
gan) Geary, the former of whom died in 
Chicago in 1876, while on his way home 
to Clintonville from a trip to Texas; the 
latter is now a resident of Philadelphia, 
Penn. The second marriage of Mr. Mc- 
Kone has been blessed with three chil- 
dren : Frank, John and Alvin, the last 
named dying in infancy. Mr. McKone is 
a member of the Royal Arcanum, and, 
with his wife, attends St. John's (Catho- 
lic) Church. He is a gentleman of great 
native energy, has made himself what he 
is, in a financial point of view, notwith- 
standing some severe business reverses, 
and, through his affability and straightfor- 
ward dealing, has won hosts of friends. 


tleman, who is now living semi- 
rctircd on his farm in Glenmore 
township, Brown county, en- 
joys the distinction of being its oldest liv- 
ing settler. 

He is a native of the Emerald Isle, 
born about t8i4, in County Waterford, 
son of Martin and Mary fPowers) Patton, 
farming i)e( iple in moderate circumstances. 

They had a family of si.\ children — four 
sons and two daughters — of whom 
Michael was the eldest, and consequently 
his educational opportunities were some- 
what limited. When a mere boy he com- 
menced to work in the copper mines, con- 
tinuing thus while in his native country. 
In young manhood he was married to 
Miss Mary Hayes, who was also a native 
of County W'aterford, and three children 
were born to them in Ireland, namely: 
William, who is now a resident of Fort 
Howard, Brown county; Martin, of Glen- 
more township; and Mary, who married 
Leonard Miller, and died in Marinette, 
Wis. Having by economj- managed to 
save a few dollars from his meager earn- 
ings, Mr. Patton concluded to emigrate 
and try his fortune in the New World, 
and, bidding their early home farewell, he 
and his family sailed on the "Admiral," 
in the spring of 1844, and landed in Uue- 
bec after a voyage of five weeks and three 
days. Mr. Patton had intended to go to 
the Lake Superior copper region; but 
learning that work was scarce there, he 
went instead to Lowell, Ohio, where he 
found employment at a furnace. Later 
he worked at other towns in the Mahon- 
ing Valley, and also in the C(jal and iron 
mines of that country, remaining in the 
vicinity of Youngstown until 1848, when 
he came to Wisconsin to look over the 
land. In Section 8, Glenmore township. 
Brown county, he purchased a half-section 
of wild land, and then went back to Ohio 
for his famih', returning to Wisconsin in 
the fall. There were no roads laid out 
at this time, the path to his farm led 
through the forest, and their neighbors 
were the Whitmores, who lived two miles 
away, along the Dixon road. The trees 
were so thick that a spot large enough 
for the dwelling had to be cleared, and 
Mr. Patton put up a log cabin, into which 
the family moveil. Wilil animals were 
numerous, but they gradually passed away 
with the clearing and settling of the conn- 
try. The settlers labored under many 
disadxantagcs in the improving and culti- 



vating of the land, for almost the only 
tools they had were an axe and a grub- 
hoe, and oxen were the only beasts of 
burden. But the prospect of having a 
comfortable property of his own cheered 
Mr. Patton through the first few years of 
hard work, and encouraged him to prese- 
vere until the land became productive and 
3'ielded a good income. As his sons grew 
up they proved a great assistance to 
him, and in turn he has given them a 
comfortable start in life; he, at one time, 
owned between 400 and 500 acres of good 
land, but he has given the greater part 
of it to liis sons. In 1892 a new resi- 
dence was erected on the farm. 

After coming to the United States Mr. 
and Mrs. Patton had the following chil- 
dren: Kate, Mrs. Richard Gorman, of 
Marinette, Wis. ; Morris, who died in 
Youngstown, Ohio, where he was buried; 
Patrick, a resident of Glenmore town- 
ship. Brown county; Edward, who died 
in Glenmore township in 1893; John, 
who is mentioned farther on; Michael, 
who died in Glenmore township; and 
Morris, of Green Bay. Mr. Patton is 
now retired from active farm work, en- 
joying the fruits of his early toil, for the 
past twelve years having made his home 
with his son John. He is a typical self- 
made man, for, landing in this country 
with no capital save health and energy, 
he rose by his own efforts to an enviable 
position among the leading farmers of 
Glenmore township. In his political af- 
filiations he is a stanch Democrat, and in 
his earlier years he served as supervisor 
and school treasurer in his township, but 
he was never an office-seeker, always pre- 
ferring to give his undivided attention to 
his business. In religious faith he is a 
member of St. Francis Church De Pere. 
His estimable wife was called from earth 
January i, 1888, when aged seventy-two 
years, and her remains now rest in Al- 
louez cemetery. 

John Patton was born March 25, 1856, 
on the farm where he is yet living, and 
here obtained a thorough knowledge of 

agriculture under his father, at the same 
time receiving his literary education in 
the common schools. On May 2, 1882, 
he was married in St. Francis Church, 
De Pere, to Miss Frances A. Lawlor, who 
was born in April, 1865, in Glenmore 
township, daughter of Thomas and Mary 
(Connors) Lawlor. To this union came 
children as follows: Mary, Lizzie, Fran- 
ces, and Pearl, living; Lucy, deceased; 
and James Rhaman, living. Mr. Patton 
is a hard-working, prosperous farmer, and 
one of the substantial, public-spirited 
citizens of his township. He devotes his 
time exclusively to the cultivation of his 
farm, which comprises 120 acres of excel- 
lent land. In his political preferences 
he is a Democrat, and in religious connec- 
tion a member of St. Francis Church, 
De Pere. 

WD. RICE, of Pittsfield town- 
ship. Brown county, was born 
February 14, 1838, in Fitz- 
william, N. H., the eldest of 
the four children born to John and Caro- 
line (Hayden) Rice. The other three 
were Eliza, who died leaving three chil- 
dren, Lizzie, Ellsworth and Fred; Wins- 
low, who was killed in the Civil war; and 
Sarah, who died leaving a husband and 
two children — Eva and Nellie. 

W. D. Rice, since the age of fifteen, 
has earned his living through his own ex- 
ertions. From his native State he came 
directly to Wisconsin, and was one of the 
early settlers of Pittsfield (then Suamico) 
township. Brown county, where he 
bought eighty acres of land which he 
still owns, having first earned the money 
by hard work in the lumber woods — a 
business he followed thirty-nine years be- 
fore he ceased active work, having al- 
ways had charge of a camp from the age 
of eighteen. He cleared off the timber 
from his farm at odd intervals, ridding it 
of trees, Indians, bears and wolves, until 
it became one of the model farms of the 
township. Having commenced the prep- 


aration of a home, he was married, on 
April 23, 1S59, to Miss Hannah E., 
daughter of Cornehus and Margaret 
(Leonard) Keefe, put up the house they 
at present occupy, and in i860 mcned 
into the new home. It was in this year 
that the town was set off, the poll at that 
time being 13; in 1894 it had reached 
230. To Mr. and Mrs. Rice were born 
five children, as follows: Lizzie, John, 
James (who died in infancy), Clara and 

In politics Mr. Rice is a stanch Re- 
publican; in 1885 he was elected chair- 
man of the town, and has held the posi- 
tion for several years. He has been true 
to his party from the time he cast his 
first Presidential vote, for Abraham Lin- 
coln, and this circunjstance has been 
fully recognized by his political friends. 

HM. BECK, M. I). This esteemed 
citizen of (ireen Hay, and well- 
known physician and surgeon, is 
a native of Bavaria, (iermany, 
born November i. 1855, a son of Leon- 
ard and Eva (Gesner) Beck, also of Ba- 
varian birth, the former of whom died in 
1892 in his native land, where his widow 
is yet living. They were the parents of 
six children, viz.: Valentine, in Bavaria; 
H. M., subject of sketch; Barbara, wife 
of John Schenck, of Brown county, Wis. , 
Velp P. O. ; Johanna, Iska, and Anna. 
Of these, two came to Green Bay, and 
are here now residing, to wit: H. M. and 

H. M. Beck recei\ed his primary edu- 
cation at the public and preparatory 
schools of Bavaria, after which he at- 
tended the Polytechnic High-shod at 
Munich. In 1S76 he immigrated to the 
United States, arriving in Green Bay, 
Wis. , in December of that year. Here 
for about one year he gave music lessons, 
;ifter which he engaged in the drug busi- 
ness, carrying same on for several years. 
In 1879 he commenced the study of 
medicine with Dr. B. C. Brett, in 

1 88 1 entering Rush Medical College, 
Chicago, where he graduated in March, 
1883, thereafter at once commencing 
the general practice of his profession 
in Green Bay, in which he has met 
with well-meriteii success. In 1879 
Dr. Beck married Miss Mary Fox. daugh- 
ter of Paul Fox. an early settler of Brown 
county. This wife died in 1886, leaving 
one son, Otto, and in r888 the Doctor 
was united in marriage with Miss Irma C. 
\'an Dyke, daughter of Louis Van Dyke, 
and two children have come to brighten 
their home, viz. : Irma and Florence. 

Dr. Beck is a member of F"ox River 
\'alley Medical Society, and of the State 
Medical Society. He is examining sur- 
geon for the Northwestern Mutual Life 
Insurance Company; for the AIXwa, Equi- 
table. Ct)nnecticut Mutual, the National 
Life Insurance Company of Montpelier, 
Metropolitan of New York, Mutual Life 
of New York, etc., besides for three or 
four societies. He has been local sur- 
geon for the Chicago, Minneapolis & St. 
Paul Railroad Company for over ten 
years. Socialh' he is a member of the 
K. of P., Pochequette Lodge, No. 26 (of 
which he is Keeper of Records and Seals), 
and of the Uniform Rank; also a mem- 
ber of the Elks. No. 229. Green Bay. In 
his political associations he is a Repub- 
lican; served as county commissioner two 
years; as member of the school board also 
two years. Taken all in all, the Doctor 
is a thorough representative of the best 
citizenshi]i of Green Bay. 

AI).\M DOllN, a prosperous agri- 
culturist, and one of the most 
highly respected citizens, of De- 
Pere township. Brown county, 
was born February 4. 1835. in Bavaria, 
Germany, son of John G. Dohn. a shoe- 
maker, who had three children, Adam 
being the eldest. 

Our subject attendeil the commnn 
schools of his birthplace until he reached 
the age of fourteen years, when he began 



to assist in the support of the family. 
When he was seventeen years old his 
father died, leaving a home unpaid for, 
and the property was thus lost. In the 
fall of 1852 the widowed mother and her 
three children set out from Germany for 
Havre, France, where they took passage 
on the vessel "Lindy"for the United 
States, landing in New York after a voy- 
age of forty-two days. From there they 
proceeded by rail to Dunkirk, N. Y. , 
thence by boat to Detroit, Mich., by rail 
to Chicago, 111. , and from there by boat 
to Milwaukee, Wis. Their destination 
was Waukesha, Wis. , and, their funds hav- 
ing been exhausted by the time they 
reached Milwaukee, they walked the re- 
mainder of the way, twenty miles, arriv- 
ing in Waukesha seven days after landing 
in New York City. Mrs. Dohn made her 
home in Waukesha with her brother, Philip 
Filer, who had loaned them money to 
help pay the expenses of their journey to 
the United States; and Adam, who being 
the eldest was looked to for support, hired 
out as a farm hand, receiving sixty dollars 
for his first year's work. He not only as- 
sisted in the support of his mother, but 
also paid back the money, one hundred 
and twenty dollars, which they had bor- 
rowed from his uncle, and for the first few 
years his life in the New W^orld was one of 
constant toil and hardship. Of the other 
two children, his brother William received 
a liberal education in the common schools, 
and later engaged in business in Gibson- 
burg, Ohio, first in merchandising, and 
afterward in the lime business: he died in 
Gibsonburg. The sister, Catherine, died 
in Waukesha at the age of thirteen years. 
Mrs. Dohn died in Ohio at the home of 
her son William. 

On May 6, 1858, Adam Dohn was 
married, in Milwaukee, Wis., to Margaret 
Miller, who was born, August 28, 1833, 
in Hesse-Darmstadt, a daughter of John 
and Anna Miller, the former of whom died 
in Germany when his daughter, Margaret, 
was three years old. She set out with 
her mother for the United States in 1853, 

sailing from Bremen on the "Elizabeth," 
and, after a voyage of forty-two days, 
landed in New York, from which city 
they came at once to Milwaukee, Wis., 
the journey occupying one week. After 
his marriage Mr. Dohn purchased four 
acres of land in Waukesha, taking up his 
residence thereon, and, in addition to 
cultivating his own land, worked at farm- 
ing for others and also at railroading. In 
1870 he removed to Brown county, locat- 
ing on the farm where he has ever since 
resided. Private Claim, No. 40, De Pere 
township, containing eighty acres of highly 
cultivated, productive land. When he 
came here, however, it was still in a 
primitive condition, and he set to work 
at once to clear and improve it, giving 
his attention exclusively to general 
farming and stock-raising. The first 
house Mr. Dohn erected on the place was 
built of logs, and the family lived in it 
until 1 89 1, when the present comfortable 
residence was erected. From a start of 
nothing, and without assistance from any- 
one, our subject has accumulated a com- 
fortable competence, and his life furnishes 
an example of what may be accomplished 
by determination and energy and indus- 
trious habits. He has won the esteem of 
his fellow citizens for honesty and ster- 
ling worth, and he and his family are 
highly respected in their community. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Dohn have been born seven 
children, viz. : George, John, William, 
Minnie (Mrs. William Delzer, of Wood- 
ville township, Calumet county), Anna (of 
De Pere), and Maggie and Herbert E., 
both deceased. 

On February 18, 1864, Mr. Dohn en- 
listed, at Milwaukee, in Company D, 
Forty-eighth Wis. V. I., and was sent to 
St. Louis, Mo., thence to Fort Scott, 
Kans. , on patrol duty, remaining in the 
service until April, 1866, when he re- 
ceived an honorable discharge at Madison, 
Wis. ; he was mustered out at Fort Leaven- 
worth, Kans. He had served in the In- 
dian campaigns, during which the men 
suffered greatly from exposure and lack 



of provisions. From Colorado they 
marched 600 miles over the plains to Fort 
Leavenworth, Kans. , and, for thirty-two 
nights, they had to sleep on the ground, 
although it was covered with snow. For 
300 miles of this long march each com- 
pany had but one load of firewood, and 
the men were allowed to make coffee but 
once a day; on the remaining 300-mile 
march they had no wood at all. Mr. 
Dohn's health was so seriously impaired 
by the hardships he endured that he has 
never fully recovered. In his political 
alBliations he was originally a Democrat, 
but he is now an advocate of protection 
and a member of the Republican party. 
He has served his township as supervisor, 
and for eight years as member of the 
township board, but his ill-health com- 
pelled him to resign this position. He 
and his wife are members of the Presby- 
terian Church of De Pere. 

citizen of New Denmark town- 
ship. Brown county, where he has 
been actively engaged in farming 
lor over thirty years, and of which he is 
one of the oldest and most highly honored 
residents, was born March 14, 1834, in 
Bohemia, Austria. His parents. John and 
Anna (Horene) Kozlowsky, the former 
of whom was engaged in farming, had a 
family of three children, namely: Joseph, 
Frank (our subject), and Philip, now a 
resident of Cooperslown, Wis., who is 
married and has seven children. The 
mother died when her son F"rank was 
eight years old. 

At the age of twelve Frank Kozlowsky 
commenced to learn the tailor's trade, 
continuing to follow same in his native 
country for si.x years. When eighteen 
years old he set sail from Bremen, Ger- 
many, and landed in New York after a 
nine-weeks' voyage, thence continuing 
his journey to Chicago, 111., where his 
funds were exhausted, and he had to wait 
for his baggage. He waited in that city 

until his goods came after him, then he 
started for Wisconsin, coming across Af- 
ton to Milwaukee, thence by wagon to 
Port Washington, from which place he 
proceeded on foot to Manitowoc, a dis- 
tance of si.xty-five miles, whence he walked 
to Kossuth township, Manitowoc county, 
where his uncle resided. Here he engaged 
in clearing land for about a year and a 
half, and then invested in a tract of eighty 
acres in Cooperstown township, in part- 
nership with a Mr. Nejedlo. They erected 
a small shanty and commenced clearing 
the place, continuing together for about a 
year, when Mr. Nejedlo sold his share, 
our subject becoming sole owner of the 
tract. On January 19, 1856, Mr. Koz- 
lowsky was married to Miss Anna Pivonka, 
and walked afoot, along with two wit- 
nesses, to the justice of the peace, Charles 
Rieter, at Manitowoc, about fourteen 
miles, and back the same day, along a 
good snow road. They lived in the shanty 
four years, when it was supplanted by a 
comfortable log dwelling. Besides at- 
tending to the work of clearing, Mr. Koz- 
lowsky engaged in the manufacture of 
shingles, an occupation that brought him 
a small revenue until the farm afforded 
a comfortable support. All the provisions 
had to be carried by him from Kossuth, on 
his back or in his hands, and on one oc- 
casion, having lost his way, he wandered 
about for several hours before he found 
the path. After living on that farm six 
years they sold it and come to New Den- 
mark township. Brown county, here buy- 
ing 120 acres, which forms part of the 
present homestead. This was also new- 
land, totally unimproved, like all the sur- 
rounding country, and there were no roads 
in the township, only Indian trails, over 
which they brought their supplies from 
De Pere and Green Bay. The work of 
clearing was commenced in earnest, and 
besides reducing the first purchase to a 
condition of fertility, he purchased and 
improved forty acres additional. WhLMi 
he first started to cultivate his land he 
had no team with which to plow, and all 



the ground for planting or sowing of grain 
was made ready with a grub hoe. Mr. 
Kozlovvslcy is a Democrat in politics, and 
has served his township two years as super- 
visor and four years as clerk of the school 
board. In religious faith he and his 
family are devout members of the Catho- 
lic Church, and he donated the land for 
the Catholic Church situated near his resi- 
dence. In 1862 he was drafted into the 
army, and was sent to Madison, whence 
in four days he proceeded to Fond du 
Lac, and then was sent home. Being 
drafted a second time, he was sent to 
Green Bay. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Kozlowsky have been 
born eight children, namely : Antone, 
Catherine, Anna, Mary, Frank, Joseph, 
Adolph and Emma, of whom Frank has 
always resided on the farm; the others re- 
mained at home up to the time of their 
marriage. Mr. Ivozlowsky is now retired 
from active farm w^ork, he and his wife 
living with their son Frank, who now 
owns the farm and carries on the agricul- 
tural work, and in 1888, besides attending 
to all his work on the homestead, he 
(Frank, Jr.) cleared five acres. 

On January 31, 1888, Frank Koz- 
lowsky, Jr. , was united in marriage with 
Miss Anna Konop, bringing his wife at 
once to the home farm. Their union has 
been blessed with four children, namely : 
Joseph, Mary, Emma and Annie. 

Fort Howard, and one of the 
most extensive shipping mer- 
chants and traders of north- 
eastern Wisconsin, was born May 29, 
1850, in Buffalo, New York. 

His father, Ole Larsen, who was a native 
of Norway, with his first wife, a son and 
four daughters, came to the United States 
in 1844, and first embarked in the groc- 
cery business at Buffalo, remaining there 
until 1852, when he came to Wisconsin. 
For a short time he resided in Fort How- 
ard, then removed to Door county, and 

was engaged in farming until his death, 
which occurred when he was sixty-five 
years of age. Before leaving Buffalo his 
first wife had died, and he married, for his 
second, Miss Rachel Weisenberg, also a 
native of Norway, who came to the 
United States with her friends when 
about thirty years of age ; she now lives 
at the home of our subject. To this 
marriage were born four children : A 
daughter that died in infanc\-; William, 
whose name introduces this article ; Otis, 
a merchant of Chicago ; and Henry, who 
is associated with William. 

William Larsen attended the district 
schools of this State until about fifteen 
years of age, then passed a year at Ap- 
pleton College, after which he entered the 
general store of M. E. Tremble & Co., 
at Suamico, as head clerk, having charge 
of the store and books for the firm. 
This position he held four years, when, 
at the age of twenty, he married Miss 
Sarah Krouse. He at once settled in 
Fort Howard, and, with $700 he had 
saved during his clerking days, engaged in 
the grocery business with M. C. Johnson, 
conducting same most prosperousl}' for 
seven years, when both partners sold out. 
Mr. Larsen then established a general 
shipping business, handling principally 
fruits, produce, hay, etc. , and this has 
reached enormous proportions, the vol- 
ume of his trade at present representing 
half a million dollars per annum at alow 
estimate. His pay-roll is in excess of 
three thousand five hundred dollars per 
month, and his payments for produce in 
the season exceed ten thousand dollars 
per month; during the same part of the 
year his transactions in hay are pro- 
digious. Mr. Larsen is also a stock-hold- 
er in and vice-president of McCartney's 
National Bank, and holds a large interest 
in the Columbia Bakery Co., a very ex- 
tensive, popular and prosperous establish- 
ment. Besides attending to his immense 
mercantile and financial interests, he finds 
time to devote to the care of a forty-acre 
garden plat, from which he also derives 

/5/Kl C/tV 





a considerable profit. Public duties, 
moreover, have claimed and still claim 
much of his time and attention ; for 
three years he was alderman from the 
Second ward of Fort Howard, and he is 
now serving his third term as mayor of 
the city. 

Mrs. Sarah Larsen was born in Suam- 
ico. Brown Co., Wis., and is a daughter 
of Ferdinand and Sarah Krouse, who 
had a family of five children. To her 
marriage have been born ten children, of 
whom one died when but a year old ; the 
names of the others are Mabel, Austin, 
Leslie, Edith, Grace, Charles Sumner, 
Marie, Milton, and Warren. The eldest 
of these is proficient in music, and is 
still taking lessons at the Auditorium in 
Chicago, while several of the others are 
being educated at the best colleges of 
Wisconsin. Mr. Larsen and his wife at 
first lived in a rented house, for which 
they paid $8 or $iO per month, and con- 
tinued to reside there until about 1888, 
when he completed his present magnifi- 
cent home at a cost of nearly fifteen 
thousand dollars. It is the most mod- 
ern, handsome and complete house in 
this section of the country, and the fur- 
niture and grounds arc in appropriate har- 
mony with the residence. His business is 
now one of the most extensive commercial 
enterprises of the entire State, and Green 
Bay, as well as Fort Howard, is especially 
benefited through its dealings in country 
produce. He is endowed, in a remarkable 
degree, with the characteristics possessed 
by his hardy, brave and adventurous an- 
cestors — traits of character which enabled 
them to secure a more than prominent 
place in the history of the world. These 
" Norsemen " wereol<l-time heroes, whose 
indomitable spirit made them the most 
adventurous navigators of their time, and 
who undf)iibtedly viewed the shores of 
the New World at a period long antedating 
its " disco\'ery " by Columbus, the Geno- 
ese mariner. And not only as navigators 
were they supreme, but as warriors in the 
field, also; for, in all western and northern 

Europe, they came to be known and 
dreaded as redoubtable and fearless 
fighters; in later days admired and re- 
spected as an enlightened and Christian 
people. Mr. Larsen may be justly termed 
a representative self-made man, one who 
in his early life received little, if any,, 
financial aid. His youth was passed 
with a keen intelligence, and a healthy, 
robust physique that soon won for him 
recognition and respect at the hands of 
those with whom he was thrown in con- 
tact, thus gradually, but surely, placing 
him in an enviable position as a citizen 
and business man. He is of a sanguine 
temperament, though cool and deliberate 
even when absorbed in the most mo- 
mentous and intricate business proposi- 
tion; in fact, he is possessed of what 
might not improperly be styled a thor- 
oughly judicial cast of mind — a quality 
that has stood him in good stead, placing 
him in the front rank of the strong array 
of merchants in his adopted city, and 
enabling him to conduct and regulate his 
large and varied business with that per- 
fect order which insures success; also to 
maintain discipline in, and guarantee 
honest service at the hands of, his army 
of employes, either at home or attending 
to his affairs elsewhere. The minutest 
as well as the most extensive details of 
his intricate business are supervised by 
the master mind, and kept in perfect ac- 
cord and under thorough control through 
the same potent agency. In all his deal- 
ings he is recognized as one of the most 
fair and honorable of merchants, and, as 
a citizen, he is held in such a high degree 
of regard as to be honored with election 
to many jiositions of honor and trust — 
including the highest in municipal affairs 
— all which he has filled faithfully and 
well, ever giving his best endeavors for 
the l)enefit of the city, and using the 
same sound judgment and shrewd sagacity 
that have so successfully militated in 
builiiing up his own business- now the 
largest of the kiiul in northern Wisconsin. 
No man is more hif,'hlv honored than 



Mr. Larsen, regardless of politics, re- 
ligion or nationality, his talents as a busi- 
ness man having won for him the un- 
grudged esteem of his fellow citizens at 
home and abroad, who have ever had 
communication with him, either in person 
or in the channels of trade. He and his 
wife are both members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and both are active 
in the extension of the good work car- 
ried on by their church, while their 
private works of charity, which are multi- 
tudinous, go without record. 

more than twenty years has been 
identified with the farming inter- 
ests of Glenmore township, Brown 
county, is a native of the Fatherland, 
born November 28, 1848, son of August 

Our subject received his education in 
his native land, and after leaving school 
commenced work in a brickyard, continu- 
ing in that vocation until about twenty 
years of age, when he came with his par- 
ents to America, and to Brown county. 
Wis. On September 39, 1874, he was 
married, in Green Bay, Wis., to Miss 
Honora Murphy, born in that city May 
19, 1856, daughter of Dennis Murphy, 
who came from Cork, Ireland. After com- 
ing to Brown county August Baumgart 
remained with his parents four years, 
helping them to pay for their farm, and 
one year prior to his marriage purchased, 
on his own account, eighty acres of land 
in Section 14, Glenmore township. A 
few acres had been partially cleared, but 
otherwise there were no improvements 
except an old log shanty, in which he 
made his home until the comfortable 
house now occupied by the family was 
built. To Mr. and Mrs. Baumgart were 
born ten children, as follows: Charles, 
Gertrude, Joseph, Edward, John, and 
Anton, all living, and four that died young. 
By industry and assiduous toil Mr. Baum- 
gart has succeeded in clearing all his land, 

and now has a well-cultivated, improved 
farm, the result of years of energy and 
persevering labor, his wife having assisted 
him greatly in the accumulation of their 
comfortable property. They are respected 
by all who know them as kind-hearted, 
hospitable neighbors, and as members of 
St. Mary's Catholic Church, of which he 
has served as trustee the past three years, 
and he is at present a member of the 
board of education. In politics Mr. Baum- 
gart is a Democrat, and at present he is 
serving as assessor of his township, but 
has refused other offices, as he prefers to 
give his principal attention to his farm. 
In connection with his other agricultural 
interests he has for the past fifteen years 
operated a threshing-machine. Mr. Baum- 
gart has always been ready to listen to 
the distressed and unfortunate, and has 
ever been willing to extend pecuniar}' aid 
and give wise counsel. 


.\TTHIAS LINSSEN, the pop- 
ular treasurer of Bellevue town- 
ship, Brown county, in which 
incumbency he has served since 
1 89 1, is one of the leading young farmers 
in his township. 

He was born February 19, 1859, in 
Holland, son of Henry Linssen, a car- 
penter, who, in 1 87 I. came with his wife 
and ten children to America, sailing from 
Liverpool, England. They landed at 
Quebec, Canada, thence coming to Wis- 
consin on May 24, 1871, arriving in Green 
Bay with just seventy dollars to com- 
mence life in their new home. They 
made a temporary location on a farm in 
Bellevue township, Brown county, where 
Mr. Linssen shortly afterward purchased 
and removed to a new farm, and there 
made his home until 1890, in which year 
he removed to Preble township, where he 
has since resided, highly respected by all 
who know him. After coming to Amer- 
ica he abandoned his trade and turned his 
attention exclusively to farming. His 
first wife died in Holland, and before 



coming to the United States he there 
married his present wife; four children 
have been born to them in Wisconsin. 
Matthias Linssen is the second son and 
fourth child born to the first marriage. 

Our subject received the greater part 
of his education in Holland, and when 
eleven years old came with his parents 
to America. He commenced to work 
early in life, being thoroughly instructed 
in the duties of the farm on the home 
place, where he remained until his mar- 
riage. In 1880 he wedded Miss Annie 
Wald, a native of Scott township, Brown 
county, daughter of Michael \\'ald, at 
which time he had one winter's earnings 
with which to commence life for himself. 
The first winter they resided with Mrs. 
Linssen's parents, and soon afterward he 
purchased a piece of timber land, which 
he cleared, realizing good returns for his 
labor; subsequently he bought forty acres 
of new land in Bellevue township, which 
he afterward sold, the investment proving 
a good one, and then purchased the place 
in Preble township where he lived until 
1891. In that year he came to the farm 
where his home now is. a beautiful tract 
of eighty-four acres, highly cultivated, 
well improved and systematically con- 
ducted, e\'erything about the place evi- 
dencing the owner's thrift, good manage- 
ment, and prosperity. Mr. Linssen has 
no superior in his township as an agricul- 
turist, and he is a striking e.xample of a 
successful, self-made man. Forsi.x years 
he was employed at the National furnace, 
in De Pere — one year in the stock-house 
and five years in the casting-house, and 
thus obtained capital to start with. In 
addition to his general farming interests 
he has a part ownership in a modern 
threshing outfit. In his political prefer- 
ences Mr. Linssen is a stanch Democrat, 
and in 1891 was, without solicitation, 
elected treasurer of his township, in which 
office he has since served; and, though the 
youngest man who has ever held that 
office in the township, he has given com- 
plete satisfaction to all. In church rela- 

tion he and his wife are members of the 
Holland Catholic Church at Green Bay. 
To them were born eight children, viz. : An- 
nie, Nellie, Mary, Elizabeth, Catharine, Jo- 
seph, and Gertrude, all living; and Michael, 
who died in infancv. 

of the substantial farmer citizens 
of Rockland township. Brown 
county, is a native of same, born 
October 28, 1856, son of Stephen and 
Wilhelmina (Sultan) Huisenfeldt. 

Stephen Huisenfeldt was born in Hol- 
land, and in 1847 came to the United 
States, landing in New York City. Having 
heard of the superior advantages offered 
to settlers in the great West, he came to 
Green Bay, Brown Co. , Wis., and thence, 
aftera short stay, to Bay Settlement, where 
for two years he made his home with his 
brother, Reinhard, after which he came 
to De Pere township, where he was em- 
ployed three years on the farm of James 
Boyd, and then for two years following 
rented and worked a farm along the Dixon 
road. Mr. Huisenfeldt was married in 
Green Bay to a Miss Hazacher, who 
passed away eighteen months afterward, 
the mother of one child, who also died. 
He subsequently married Miss Wilhelmina 
Sultan, a native of Holland, and, after 
living on the rented farm a short time, 
they came to the place in Rockland town- 
ship, now owned by our subject, on which 
they passed the remainder of their lives. 
He first purchased forty acres in Section 
10, at $2. 50 per acre, and, after clearing a 
small space erected a 12x14 'oS shanty, 
in which they lived five years. The task 
of clearing was commenced at once; but, 
owing to the lack of necessary farming 
implements, the work was slow and labo- 
rious, several years of iiard labor being ex- 
pended on the place before it yielded any 
return. For seven j'cars after their settle- 
ment they had no team, and cither had to 
hire one or exchange work with others. 
When the ground had been cleared and 



prepared for the first crop, Mr. Huisen- 
feldt found himself without money to buy 
seed, and accordingly he exchanged an 
acre of ground for four bushels of wheat 
seed, thus obtaining a start. In 1870 he 
purchased thirty-si.\ acres more (which 
also needed clearing and improving), the 
home farm now containing seventy-five 
acres of highly cultivated land. Mr. and 
Mrs. Huisenfeldt had four children, as 
follows: Cornelius, who resides in Mar- 
shall, Minn. ;George, subjectof this sketch; 
Johanna, who died at the age of eighteen 
years; and one that died in infancy. 
Stephen Huisenfeldt passed from earth 
November 9, 1S89, at the age of seventy- 
nine years, and was followed to the grave 
by his wife F"ebruary 4, 1892. 

Our subject was reared to farm life, in 
early boyhood commencing to assist his 
father in the work on the pioneer farm, 
taking no small share in transforming the 
wilderness into a pleasant farm. He 
always remained at home assisting his 
parents, and on the death of his father 
the home place came into his possession, 
his mother residing there with him until 
her decease. On April 19, 1889, Mr. 
Huisenfeldt was united in marriage with 
Miss Christine Albers, daughter of Gerard 
and Johanna Albers, who emigrated from 
Germany to America in 1882, coming west 
to De Pere, Wis., where Mr. Albers fol- 
lowed his trade, that of a carpenter. Mr. 
and Mrs. Albers had thirteen children, 
seven of whom are living, \\/,. : Mary, 
Henry, Johanna, Nellie, Dora, Christine 
and Peter. After their marriage our sub- 
ject and wife came at once to the home 
farm, which he conducts in a s\-stematic 
manner, engaging successfully in general 
farming. Their union has been blessed 
with two children, namely : Anna Minnie, 
born April 17, 1890, and Stephen G., born 
May 24, 1 893. Mr. and Mrs. Huisenfeldt are 
members of the Holland Catholic Church 
of De Pere. Politically he is independ- 
ent, and though not an active politician 
has served his township as supervisor, 
discharging the duties of his office in a 

conscientious, business-like way. He 
stands in the front rank of the progres- 
sive farmers of his section; and commands 
the respect of all who know him for his 
integrity and uprightness. 

PAUL BAUMGART, who ranks 
among the industrious, rising 
young farmers of his section, is a 
native of the Fatherland, born 
August 9, 1858, in Breslau, Prussia. 

His father, August Baumgart, was a 
farmer and land-owner in Prussia, and for 
several years also engaged in the manu- 
facture of bricks. He and his wife had 
seven children, namely: Charles (who died 
in Germany), Joseph, Caroline, August, 
Edward, John and Paul. Deciding to 
bring his family to America, Mr. Baum- 
gart sold his property, and in the spring 
of 1 868 they sailed on the "Schiller," 
which vessel was bound for Baltimore, at 
which port they arrived after a stormy 
passage of eight weeks and three days. 
They then came west over the Baltimore 
& Ohio railway, via Columbus (Ohio) and 
Chicago (111.), and on July 6, same year, 
landed in Green Bay, Wis., locating 
eventually in Bellevue township. Brown 
county, where, shortly after their arrival, 
Mr. Baumgart purchased seventy-two 
acres of new land, all of which was still 
in the woods, not even space enough for 
a house having been cleared. But they 
set to work at once, and soon had a 
dwelling 16x20, near the site of their 
present home. The farm was gradually 
cleared and cultivated, and there Mr. 
Baumgart made his home until 1882, in 
which year he removed to another farm 
in Bellevue township, where he and his 
wife yet reside. They are members of 
the Catholic Church, and in politics he is 
a Democrat. 

Paul Baumgart was nine years of age 
when he came with his parents to Wis- 
consin. He had attended school for three 
years in Germany, and the rest of his edu- 
cation was received in the district schools 



of the period in the vicinity of his new 
home. He was reared a farmer boy, 
thoroughly trained to agricultural pursuits 
on the farm he now owns and resides on, 
which he has seen transformed from the 
dense forest to a fertile tract. On April 
17, 1883, he was married, at Francis 
Creek, Manitowoc Co., Wis., to Miss 
Lizzie Auntholtz, a native of that county, 
born May 31, 1861, daughter of Henry 
Auntholtz, who came to Wisconsin from 
Prussia in an early day. The young couple 
immediately settled on their present farm, 
and in 1888 Mr. Baumgart erected the 
substantial, comfortable dwelling where 
they now make their home. They have 
had children as follows: Nettie, Theresa, 
Sylvester, Paul, Peter and William, all 
living. Our subject is a self-made man, 
and by hard work and thrift has acquired 
the comfortable property he now owns; 
the farm is an excellent one, and he con- 
ducts a profitable general farming busi- 
ness, in which he can not fail to prosper. 
Politically he is a Democrat, and though 
not an office-seeker, he has served his 
township as road master. The family are 
all members of St. Francis Catholic 
Church, De Pere. 

HIIKRMAN EHLE, one of the 
early pioneers of Brown county, 
was born in the village of Bari- 
gau, Schwarzburg - Rudolstadt, 
(iermany, January 6, 1830. 

His father, Nicholas Ehle, a fanner, 
died in that country about 1853, and his 
mother, who afterward came to Brown 
county, Wis., died about 1878. Of their 
seven children, four came to Brown coun- 
ty: Herrman in 1855; August in 1856 (he 
was a blacksmith by trade and removed 
to Texas, dying at Houston in 1861 or 
1862); Caroline in 1857 (she was the wife 
wife of Gottfried Undehaun, and died at 
Green Bay about 1888); Henrietta in 
1857 (she married Theodore Mahn, and 
now resides at Green Bay, her children 
were seven in number, as follows: Albert, 

who was accidently killed while on a 
hunting trip; Lena, wife of Herman Kapp, 
of Green Bay; William, a tailor, residing 
at Green Bay, who is married to Mamme 
Vandenhubel; Mary, wife of Conrad Beth, 
also of Green Bay; Theodore, a tailor, of 
Fort Howard; Anna, wife of Frank Miller, 
of Green Bay, and Herman Mahn). 

Herrman Ehle, the subject proper of 
this sketch, was reared and educated in 
Germany, and was engaged in farming 
previous to coining to the United 
States. After locating at Fort Howard, 
on August 12, 1855, he learned the car- 
penter's trade, and followed that vocation 
many years. On arriving at Wisconsin 
he first located at McKane, near Milwau- 
kee, remaining there ten weeks before 
coming to Fort Howard. He was en- 
gaged in building in Fort Howard, and for 
five years was connected with Mr. C. 
Schwarz in contracting and building, con- 
tinuing in the same business for himself a 
long period following. He erected a large 
number of residences in Fort Howard and 
Green Bay, building the first brick resi- 
dence in the city of Green Bay in 1866; 
in 1870 he erected a brick building in Fort 
Howard, and another in 1871. He is the 
owner of thirteen dwellings in the Fifth 
ward of Fort Howard, five of the num- 
ber being constructed of brick, and it will 
be seen that Mr. Ehle has done much 
personally toward building up and im- 
proving the city. He has, in addition, 
l)een prominently connected with affairs 
generally incident to the development of 
Brown county, and is recognized as a 
substantial citizen and representative bus- 
iness man, with jjrogrcssive ideas and 
vigorous methods. Politically he is a 
Republican, and has served for twelve 
years as alderman from the Fifth ward of 
Fort Howard. Industrious and careful, 
he has in the nearly forty years of his 
residence here been fortunate in business, 
and has a record and a reputation justh' 
the source of pride. He has never mar- 
ried. Mr. Ehle was reared under the 
influence of the Lutheran Church, and has 



always been considered one of the most 
straightforward business men and upright 
citizens of Fort Howard. 

thrifty and wealthy young farmer, 
of Morrison township. Brown 
county, is a native of Massachu- 
setts, born September 7, 1846. 

John and Julia (Noonan) Doolan, his 
parents, natives of Ireland, were the 
parents of five children, namely: Mary, 
Michael, Bartholomew, Ellen, and John. 
The father was a farmer, and, with his 
wife and his eldest (then his only) child, 
came to the United States in 1832, land- 
ing at New York after having passed seven 
long weeks on the ocean. From New 
York the family went to New England, 
and lived there for a period of eleven 
years, principally in Rhode Island, also 
residing for a few years in Massachusetts. 
In 1849 John and his family reached Wis- 
consin, and settled in Franklin township, 
Manitowoc county, where he bought 304 
acres of land in its primitive condition, 
from which he, in due course of time, 
hewed out a farm that was the pride of 
the township. Their first dwelling w-as a 
log cabin, 16x24 feet in size, in which 
they lived twelve years, after which they 
erected a comfortable frame dwelling. 
The first schoolhouse was erected after 
the family had been in the township five 
years, and in this Bartholomew received 
his education. The father died May i S, 
1877, the mother in 1882, and the re- 
mains of both were interred in Franklin. 

Bartholomew Doolan did good and 
faithful service in assisting his father in 
clearing up and tilling the home farm un- 
til he was twenty-one years of age, with 
the exception of a short time passed in 
working in the woods. Employing his 
time thereafter on his own account until 
he had reached the age of twenty-five, he 
married, September 19, 1 87 i , Miss Sarah 
Watt, a daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
(O'Connell) Watt, natives of Ireland who 

came to America in 1845, and after their 
marriage here settled in Maple Grove, 
Manitowoc county, Wis., and reared six 
children — Anna, Sarah, Michael, Thomas, 
Mary, and John. After his marriage Bar- 
tholomew and his wife came to Morrison 
township. Brown county, and here Mr. 
Doolan bought eighty acres of wild land, 
on which they erected their present home, 
with Indians, wolves, bear and deer for 
their companions and neighbors. Here 
was begun that life of toil and hardship 
developed only in pioneer life, but which 
resulted in after years in the possession of 
all the comforts and conveniences of civili- 
zation. The eighty-acre tract was in- 
creased to a farm of 200 acres, and the 
old log house, which is still standing, was 
their habitation fully twelve years, but 
their present residence, erected about 
1884, is a modern frame, with every de- 
sirable convenience and comfort. But the 
acquirement of all this has required toil, 
economy, and the willing efforts of man 
and wife and the cheerful aid of the elder 
children. The children, eleven in num- 
ber, were born in the following order: 
John, July 4, 1872; Thomas, July 27, 1874; 
Mary, October 4, 1876; Agnes J., Janu- 
ary 21, 1879; Sarah E., May 28, 1881; 
Helen A., May 14, 1883; Frances B., 
September 11, 1884; Catherine G., No- 
vember 17, 1885; Margaret, March 19, 
1888; Lucy^L. , November 17, 1890; and 
Theresa, October 3, 1892. Of these, 
Frances B. died September 15, 1884; the 
others are all living at home, with the ex- 
ception of Thomas, who is attending a 
business college at Manitowoc. The 
family are all strict members of the 
Catholic Church, with the exception, of 
course, of the younger members, who 
have been baptized in that faith. Mr. 
Doolan has served as trustee of his Church, 
and, as a Democrat, is serving as school 
clerk of his township, but he takes no 
special interest in politics. 

Mr. Doolan and his family rank among 
the best and most respectable citizens of 
Morrison township, and it is such as he. 



with strong muscles, willing disposition. 
industrious habits and law-abiding princi- 
ples, that have made the township and 
county what thev are. 

FERDINAND SMET. one of the 
highly respected citizens of De- 
Pere township, Brown county, 
where he owns a well-improved 
farm, is a native of Belgium, born Jan- 
uary 12. 1832. His father, Albert Bene- 
dictus Smet, was a life-long farmer, in 
comfortable circumstances, owning a good 
farm, and he passed his entire life in his 
native country. He had a family of seven 
children — four sons and three daughters — 
of whom Ferdinand is the eldest. 

l^erdinand Smet attended the schools 
of his birthplace until he was thirteen 
years old, and then commenced to work 
on the home farm, where he remained 
over thirty years. They lived but a short 
distance from Antwerp. He was married 
in Belgium to Constance Boart, and they 
had three children born to them there, 
viz. : Ozarine, now Mrs. August Johnson, 
of De Pere township; Emma. Mrs. John 
Van Vedron. of Rockland township; and 
Martin, of Washington. About 1868 Mr. 
Smet disposed of his business and prop- 
erty, he being a merchant and store- 
keeper, and set out with his family for 
the United States, where he thought to 
find better opportunities for his family. 
He journeyed from Antwerp to Hull, 
England, thence to Liverpool, from 
which port he sailed for New York on 
the "Colorado," making the voyage 
in twelve days. Their destination was 
Green Bay, Wis., whither they traveled 
by rail, arriving si.\ days later, on Satur- 
day, and spent the first night with John 
Martin. A few days afterward Ferdinand 
Smet secured work in the hub factory at 
De Pere, and here he continued to work 
for two and a half years, until, in 1872, 
he purchased his present farm in De Pere 
township. It then consisted of forty acres 
of new land, upon which stood only a log 

house and a small barn, and all but ten 
or twelve acres was in the woods. He 
had saved enough to pay for the land, 
but was obliged to go into debt for the 
farm implements, etc., which he needed 
to clear and cultivate the place. How- 
ever, he set to work with a determination 
to make a comfortable home for himself 
and family, and after much hard work 
they succeeded in reducing the land to a 
cultivated condition. He now owns a 
good farm of eighty acres, the accumula- 
tion of which had involved no small 
amount of hard work. But he has been 
greatly assisted by his family, and they 
have cleared and improved the place un- 
til it is now a fertile, well-equipped tract, 
with a good residence and outbuildings, 
and all free from debt. In this country Mr. 
and Mrs. Smet had children as follows: 
Louis, now a farmer of De Pere town- 
ship; Mary, Alice, and Henry J. at home, 
and Edward, who died in infancy. On 
April II, 1877, the mother died, since 
which time the daughters have had charge 
of the household work. The entire family 
are highly respected for their industry 
and sterling worth, and Mr. Smet is 
everywhere known as an honest, upright 
citizen. In politics he is a Democrat, but 
takes little active interest in party affairs. 
Religiously he is a member of St. Mary's 
Catholic Church. De Pere. 


M. D., of De Pere, Brown coun- 
ty is of German origin, and was 
born in 1848, at Rees-on-the- 
Rhine, in Rhenish Prussia, the oldest of 
five brothers, one of whom, the \'ery 
Rev. Norbcrt U. Kerstcn was, for many 
years, \icar-General of Bishop F. X. 
Katzer, of Green Bay, and Chancellor of 
that diocese, and its administrator when 
Bishop Katzer was promoted to the .\rch- 
bishopric of Milwaukee. 

His parents, ICdward and Anna (Rutjes) 
Kersten, were residents of the city of Rees- 
on-the-Rhinc, in Rhenish Prussia, where 



the father was a dry-goods merchant, dying 
there January 31, 1891, and where the 
mother still lives. The Doctor was edu- 
cated, classically, at the Jesuit college at 
Feldkirch, in the Province of Vorarlberg, 
Austria; the college of Gaesdonk, in 
Rhenish Prussia; and the Gymnasium of 
Muenster, in Westphalia. Coming to 
America in 1868, he conducted a drug 
store in several Wisconsin cities up to the 
year 1879. He then attended two courses 
of lectures at the Medical Department of 
the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 
and then became a student at the Detroit 
Medical College, from which he graduated 
in 1883. He then began practice at 
Petoskey, Mich., whence he removed to 
De Pere, Wis., in 1885, and has here been 
in active practice ever since, being recog- 
nized as one of the most skillful physicians 
of northeastern Wisconsin. On first 
coming to the United States, the Doctor 
located at Fredonia, Ozaukee Co., Wis., 
where he operated a drug store, in part- 
nership with a physician; in 1878 he 
moved to I\aukauna, built a new store, 
and from there moved to Ann Arbor, 
Mich., for the purpose of pursuing his 
medical studies, as above narrated. In 
politics the Doctor is a Democrat, and, 
while a resident of Ozaukee county, filled 
various minor offices; in 1887 he was ap- 
pointed, under President Cleveland, as 
pension examiner, and was re-appointed 
under President Harrison, but resigned 
after one month under the latter appoint- 
ment In 1891 he was appointed, by 
Governor Peck, State Superintendent of 
Inspectors of Illuminating Oils for Wis- 
consin, was re-appointed in 1892, and 
again on April i, 1894, and is still serving 
in that office. 

The marriage of the Doctor took place 
in 1 87 1, at Barton, Washington Co., 
Wis. , to Miss Mary Vandeboom, a native 
of the city of Calcar, Rhenish Prussia, 
and this felicitious union has been blessed 
with nine children, named as follows: 
Annie M., Clara M., Edward M., Norbert 
M . Svlvan M., Theresa M., Leo M., 

Paul Ernest M. and Hugo Henry Louis 
M. , all living at home in De Pere. The 
Doctor is a member of the Catholic 
Knights of Wisconsin, and vice-president 
of the local branch of that order. He has 
achieved a fine professional reputation, and 
his social standing is a most enviable one. 

MESSMER was born August 29, 
1847, at Goldach, Canton of St. 
Gall, Switzerland. The ancestors 
of Bishop Messmer were Swiss Catholics, 
and resided in Thai, Canton of St. Gall, 
Switzerland. At the time of the Refor- 
mation one branch of the famil}- became 
adherents of the Protestant faith. Grand- 
father Messmer also resided in the above 
place. His son, Sebastian G. Messmer, 
Sr. , moved to Goldach, and there resided 
till his death in 1873, when he was aged 
si.\ty-six years. He was a man of con- 
siderable wealth and education, and a 
farmer by occupation. He held offices in 
the Canton, by representing his district in 
the General Assembly, and in the Catholic 
Administrative Council, and was a useful 
and conscientious legislator. He was 
greatly beloved in his town, and was a man 
of influence and importance there, making 
himself useful and beloved among his 
friends and fellow citizens. He was a 
strong character, noted for his rugged 
independence and honorable social and 
business career. A stanch Catholic, he 
was active in church work, and was presi- 
dent of the town council and of the board 
of church trustees for many years. The 
great-grandmother of our subject, on the 
father's side, was a Miss Kalb, an Aus- 
trian from Bregenz. The mother of 
Bishop Messmer was Rosa Baumgartner, 
a native of Moerschwyl, Canton of St. 
Gall, Switzerland. She died in the prime 
of life, highly esteemed for her many good 
qualities of head and heart. 

Bishop Messmer is the eldest in a 
family of six children. He received his 
primary education in the common schools 

THE ?:LV' V;,pk 




of his native town, and then attended 
the High School (or Real School) in 
Rorschach, on Lake Constance, for three 
years, or till 1861. There he first met 
Otto Zardetti, his life-long friend, who 
later became Bishop of St. Cloud, Minn. 
Following the clerical vocation, he en- 
tered the diocesan College of St. George's, 
near St. Gall, where he became known 
for his devotion and close application to 
his studies, and obedience to his superiors. 
At that school he remained till 1866, and 
then entered the University of Innsbruck, 
in the Tyrol, in Austria, where he studied 
philosophy and theology, remaining there 
five years. Those w-ere years of hard 
work, yet full of pleasant recollections. 
On July 23, 1 87 1, he was ordained to the 
priesthood for the American mission. 
He remained at home only a short time, 
and came to America, landing in New 
York October 4, 1871. Previous to this 
he had applied for and received an ap- 
pointment by Bishop Bailey, of Newark, 
N. J., as professor of theology at the 
Seton Hall College, South Orange, N. 
J., which is also a diocesan seminary. 
There he remained till August, 1889, dur- 
ing which time he made himself general- 
ly beloved by the thoughtful and kindly 
interest he manifested to all with whom 
he came in contact. As teacher, chap- 
lain and friend, he bound many hearts to 
him, and led them into a brighter thought 
world and closer communion with the 
Creator, the Savior and the Church. 
During those eighteen years he also did a 
great deal of pastoral work in St. Peter's 
Church, Newark, N. J., which is a Ger- 
man cnngregati(ni with the largest paro- 
chial school in the diocese, containing at 
present fifteen hundred children. It was 
in this church, that, at his own request, 
he was consecrated by Bishop Zardetti, 
March 27, 1892. because he was so well 
known and beloved there, and because of 
the many pleasant recollections which 
clustered around St. Peter's. While act- 
ing at the college as professor, he had 
also charge of St. Mary's (')r])han Asylum 


as chaplain, besides doing a great deal of 
pastoral work. He also had charge of 
St. Leo's congregation, at Irvington, N. 
J., for two years. 

Having been called in 1889 to the 
chair of Canon Law in the University of 
Washington, D. C, he went to Rome to 
prepare more fully for the special work 
assigned to him. As Canon Law had 
been one of his classes when professor at 
Seton Hall, he now devoted himself to 
the study of the old Roman civil law, and 
graduated with the degree of D. C. L. 
(Doctor of Canon Law), at the Collegio 
Apollinare. In September, 1890, he en- 
tered upon his duties at the university, 
where he taught with great credit to him- 
self till he came to Green Bay, Wis. 
While at Seton Hall he was selected as 
one of eight theologians to prepare the 
matter or decrees for the Baltimore Plen- 
ary Council in 1884. He was also one 
of the Secretaries of the Council at its 
sessions, and afterward with Dr. O'Con- 
nell, now rector of the .American College 
at Rome. Bishop Messmer prepared for 
publication the proceedings of that fam- 
ous Council, which work was published 
in 1886, and is a model of scholarship. 
After the publication of the book he re- 
ceived the title of Doctor of Divinity 
from the Pope, which was remarkable 
when we consider the rarity of such be- 
stowal. Bishop Messmer has written a 
few works of merit, displaying both 
scholarship and talent as a practical 
writer on topics concerning his noble pro- 
fession. He was assistant secretary of 
the Provincial council of New York in 
1883, and wrote a little work in Latin 
called "Praxis Synodalis. " which was 
later u.sed at the Council of Baltimore. 
In 1886 he edited for the .\merican 
clergy, an English translation of a Ger- 
man work, entitled •' Canonical Procedure 
in Criminal Cases of Clerics," which is 
still an authority in clerical law. He has 
also written articles for a German monthly 
clerical paper published at St. Louis, Mo., 
called "The Pastoral l^latt." and for the 



"American Ecclesiastical Review," of 

Bishop Messnier was appointed Bishop 
of Green Bay, December 14, 1891, but 
did not arrive here till April 7, 1892. 
Here a wide and useful, but also hard 
field of labor awaited him, which for the 
time seemed to check his literary efforts. 
But the strong" mind that brought order 
out of the manifold accumulations of a 
great literary council has already made 
him fully acquainted with work in the 
Diocese of Green Bay. Here his influ- 
ence, always for good, is felt in every 
nook and corner. The respect which he 
inspired on his arrival has not abated, 
but is increased as time goes on. To 
the talents of a pastor and bishop is added 
the learning of a scholar and literateur, 
which (united with rare business tact and 
ability to govern) has made him already 
a conspicuous figure in the Church and 
State, and has gained him the confidence, 
good will and love of all classes, denomi- 
nations and nationalities. 

JOHN L. LAMARRE (deceased), who, 
in his lifetime, was one of the most 
intelligent and prosperous agricul- 
turists of Preble township. Brown 
county, was a native of Belgium, born 
August 4, 1822. 

He was a lifelong farmer, having been 
reared to the plough from early life, his 
education at the same time not being 
neglected; and, as his parents were well- 
to-do, they were able to give him some 
assistance when he first commenced farm- 
ing for his own account. In Belgium he 
owned about five acres of land, which was 
then considered quite a comfortable little 
farm, and by careful cultivation he had 
good average returns from it. He was 
married in his native place to Miss .Vir- 
ginia Merrick, who was born in Belgium 
in 1832, and children as follows blessed 
their union: Joseph E., Victor, Alphonse 
and Mary, all of Belgian birth, and all 
yet living. In 1871, the sons growing up 

around the little home, Mr. Lamarre de- 
cided to emigrate with his family to 
America, where he knew there was room 
for all, with plenty to spare; and on April 
I , that year, they took passage on a ves- 
sel bound for New York, the father having 
previously sold all his property, goods and 
chattels, which brought him a consider- 
able sum. From New York they at once 
traveled westward to Wisconsin, and in 
Green Bay township. Brown county, Mr. 
Lamarre purchased some land, on which 
the family resided until 1884, when they 
removed to Preble township, settling on 
160 acres of land bought by Mr. La- 
marre, having sold his place in Green Bay 
township. Here he passed the rest of his 
life, dying April 18, 1885, his remains be- 
ing interred in Shantytown cemetery. 

A Democrat from the time of his be- 
coming an American citizen, he always 
voted that ticket, but was in no sense a 
politician, attending sedulously to his bus- 
iness on the farm. He was a quiet, unas- 
suming man, very domestic in his habits, 
one who strictly minded his own business, 
and he was respected by all. Having 
died somewhat suddenly he left no will, 
and no provision having been made for 
the disposal of the property, his widow 
and children have since conducted the 
farm conjointly. Mrs. Lamarre, though 
now sixty-three years old, is remarkably 
active, and performs her share of work at 
the homestead more like a woman of half 
her age. The sons are a trio of indus- 
trious, hard-working young men, whose 
equal, it is said, is not to be found in any 
one family in the township for progres- 
siveness and enterprise, worthy sons of 
worthy parents. In April, 1893, they 
purchased the Cedar Creek Flouring Mills 
from George B. Hess and H. A. Walter, 
and, by the latter part of 1 894, expect to 
have the concern in full operation. The 
home place, now comprising 1 20 acres of 
well-improved land, is well managed, re- 
flecting great credit on the family, and on 
the sons in particular, for their industry 
and energ\'. 



JOHN LEBAL, who for the past 
quarter of a century has been a well- 
known farmer of Glenmore town- 
ship, Brown county, is a native of 
Bohemia, born April 28, 1837, son of 
Wencel Lebal, who was a farmer in com- 
fortable circumstances. 

Wencel Lebal had four children, viz. : 
Wencel, who is a farmer of Glenmore 
township; John, whose name introduces 
these lines; Joseph, of Allouez township; 
and Mary, Mrs. Wencel Vilda, of Ne- 
braska. In the fall of 1852 this family 
left their native land, and crossing from 
Hamburg to Hull, England, journeyed by 
rail to Liverpool, where they took pas- 
sage for New York, landing after a voy- 
age of four weeks and three days. They 
pushed westward at once to Milwaukee, 
Wis. ; thence, after a halt of three days, 
coming to Kossuth township, Manitowoc 
county, where a friend from their town in 
Bohemia was living, and they remained 
with him three weeks. In the same fall 
they came to Cooperstown, same county, 
taking up 160 acres of government land 
in Section 28, for which they paid seventy- 
five cents per acre, and which at that 
time was heavily timbered and entirely 
unimproved. A rude shanty was erected 
on the place, in which the family lived 
for ten years, and, before the land yielded 
a support, those able to work earned a 
small income making .shingles by hand, 
selling them in Manitowoc, some eighteen 
miles distant. The mother died on this 
farm, and was laid to rest in Kossuth 
township; the father subsequently passed 
from earth in Allouez township, Brown 
county, at the home of his son Joseph, 
and he was buried in Green Bay ceme- 
tery. Both were members of the Reform 

|(>hii Lebal received a fair education 
in the common schools of his native land, 
and was reared from boyhood to agricul- 
tural life. He came to the Ignited States 
with his parents, and remained witli them 
in Manitowoc county until his enlistment, 
August 21. 1862, in Company F, Twenty- 

sixth Regiment, Wis. V. I. The com- 
mand was sent to Milwaukee, thence, 
after being drilled, to Washington. Their 
first engagement was a Fredericksburg, 
following which came the battles of Chan- 
cellorsville and Gettysburg, where, on the 
afternoon of July i, 1863, our subject 
was wounded in the right knee by a 
musket-ball. He was first taken to the 
field hospital, and thence conveyed to 
Baltimore, where he lay twent\-one days, 
after which he was removed to the general 
hospital at Washington, and here re- 
mained until early in January, 1864. 
Joining the Veteran Reserve Corps at 
Alexandria, Va., he remained there some 
time, and then returned to Washington, 
doing guard duty about that city. He 
was next transferred to SjTacuse, N. Y. , 
and thence to Elmira, same State, where 
he received an honorable discharge July 
13, 1865, having served continuously 
since his enlistment without furlough, and 
he saved two hundred dollars while in the 
service. Returning to his old home in 
Wisconsin, he continued to work for his 
parents three years, receiving a piece of 
land in Cooperstown township iox his 

In the fall of 1869 Mr. Lebal married, 
in Cooperstown township. Miss Rosa 
Rudolf, a native of Bohemia, who died 
one year later, and was buried in Coop- 
erstown. About 1 87 1 he was married, 
in Kossuth township, for his second wife, 
to Miss Eliza Krieneck, a native of Bohe- 
mia, to which marriage came six children, 
of whom a son and two daughters died 
young; Emma. Annie and Joseph are liv- 
ing at home. The mother of these passed 
from earth April 3, 1881, and was buried 
at Francis Creek, Manitowoc county. In 
January, 1882, Mr. Lebal wedded in Gib- 
son township. Manitowoc county, for his 
third spouse. Miss Mary H<jlub, a native 
of Carlton. Kewaunee Co., Wis., and 
this union has been blessed with children 
as follows : Wencel. Christina. Edward, 
Helen and John, living, and Edward (i), 
who died young. The mother of these 



was called from earth May 17, 1894, and 
is buried in the Lutheran graveyard at 

About the year 1869 Mr. Lebal came 
to Glenmore township, and in Section 20 
purchased ftjrty acres of new land, on 
which the timber was still standing. He 
erected a dwelling on the place, at once set 
about the work of clearing, and, after 
years of labor, found himself possessed 
of a fertile farm. From time to time he 
has added to the original tract, and owns 
200 acres in Glenmore and Rockland 
townships. He has been the architect of 
his own fortune, for he started in life a 
poor boy, and he has won the respect of 
all who know him for his industry and 
integrity. In political affiliation he is a 
Republican, but not active in party 
affairs, and in religious connection he and 
his family are members of the Protestant 
Church, at Francis Creek, in Kossuth 
township. Manitowoc county. 

JOHN MICHELSON, of Pittsfield 
township, Brown county, was born 
August 28, 1838, in Denmark, and 
is one of a family of nine children 
born to Michel Peterson and his wife, 
Carrie Peterson. The father was a cabi- 
net maker, and with him our subject re- 
mained until fifteen years old. He then 
worked out as a day laborer for one year, 
for sixteen dollars; then as a coachman 
four years, at sixty-five dollars per year. 
In June, 1862, he entered the army and 
served three years; in 1865 he sailed for 
America, landing in New York, whence 
he came directly to Wisconsin. For three 
months he worked on a farm near Racine, 
thence going to Manistee, Mich., where 
he worked three weeks in a sawmill, and 
then worked in the woods for twenty-six 
dollars per month during the winter. Re- 
turning to the mill in the spring, he in the 
fall went into the woods again, at thirty- 
five dollars per month, and remained 
about eighteen months. 

On January 8, 1869, he married Mary 

Nelson, one of a family of eleven children 
born to Nels and Keirsten (Fredericks) 
Anderson. Mrs. Michelson was twenty- 
four years of age when she came to Amer- 
ica. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Michel- 
son remained five months in Manistee, 
and then removed to Fort Howard, Brown 
Co. , Wis. , lived there a year and a half, 
and then settled in Pittsfield township, 
where Mr. Michelson bought a forty-acre 
farm, of which about twelve acres were 
cleared, and on which stood the house in 
which they now live. To this farm have 
been added twenty-three acres, all cleared, 
and in good condition. To the marriage 
of Mr. and Mrs. Michelson have been born 
seven children, in the following order: 
Constance, November 8, 1869; Nellie, 
August 3, 1 871; Lena, July 12, 1873; 
Frederick, August 7, 1875; Meta, April 
7, 1877; Alvin, July 15, 1879. and Andy, 
September 20, 1882. All the children 
are living, and five still make their home 
with their parents. Lena, who attended 
college at Battle Creek, Mich., has been 
a teacher since sixteen years of age, and 
is still in the profession. In religious con- 
nection the famil}' are Se\enth-Day Ad- 
ventists, and in politics Mr. Michelson is 
a Republican. He is a self-made man in 
the full sense of the term, and well de- 
serves the high esteem in which he is held 
by his fellow citizens. 

perous merchant and agriculturist 
of Mills Center, Brown county, is 
a native of the State of Wiscon- 
sin, born December 2, 1853, in Manito- 
woc county. 

His father, Charles Boyden, was one 
of five children born to Amos and Abigail 
(Wood) Boyden, at Orange, Mass. Amos 
was a mill-man, and died in his native 
State at the age of seventy, preceded to 
the grave bj- his wife, who only reached 
middle age. Charles Boyden passed his 
early years in his father's mill, later made 
a whaling voyage, and afterward became 



a boatman on the Erie canal, where he 
met his future wife, Augusta Dunham, 
whom he married June 15, 1850. She 
was born July 4, 1825, in Windsor coun- 
ty, Vt. , a daughter of William and Sarah 
(Metcalf) Dunham. Both the paternal 
and maternal grandfathers of Mr. Boyden 
were heroes in the war of the Re\olution, 
and did valiant service. Charles Boyden 
was born November 14, 1804, came to 
Wisconsin in May, 1852, via the lakes to 
Detroit, Mich., by railroad to Chicago, 
111., and thence by lake to Manitowoc 
county, where he was employed for some 
years in manufacturing shingles in the 
old-fashioned way. He died in Brown 
county when nearly eighty-six years of age. 

Elbridge G. Boyden is one of a family 
of eight children, six of whom are still 
living, for the most part engaged in busi- 
ness. He remained with his father until 
his marriage, April 29, 1875, to Miss 
Henrietta Hollom, a native of Sebec, 
Piscataquis Co., Maine, born February 
14, 1 85 1, and a daughter of Charles F. 
and Dorothea A. (Judkins) Hollom. 
Charles F. Hollom was born in Sebec, 
Maine, in 181 5, a son of Charles and 
Lydia (Crockett) Hollom, the former of 
whom was a native of Sweden, the latter 
of New England. Charles F. "rounded 
the Horn" in 1853, and died in Cali- 
fornia at the age of sixty-one. Mrs. 
Henrietta Boyden's mother, Dorothea 
A. (Judkins), was born November 22, 
18 18, in Fayette, Kennebec Co., Maine, 
a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Bache- 
lor) Judkins, the latter a native of Fay- 
ette, Maine, the former of Scotland; they 
both died in Bangor, Maine, the father at 
the advanced age of ninety-five, the 
mother at the comparatively early age of 

Mrs. Elbridge G. Boyden at the age 
of fourteen began teaching school in 
Berwick, Maine, and for two years was 
very successful in that vocation. She 
then entered the composing room of the 
Portland Transcript, held cases six weeks, 
and went thence to Biddeford, Maine, 

where she held cases in the Democrat 
office a year and a half, thence going to 
Boston, Mass., where she set type in a 
book office for over eighteen months. Re- 
turning to Biddeford she worked in the 
Journal office on Butler's "Bible Com- 
mentaries," thence to Great Falls, N. H., 
and worked as a compositor in the Journal 
office a few months; then taught school in 
Berwick a year, after which she came 
alone to Wisconsin, and, settling where 
she now lives, taught school one year. In 
the following year she was married to Mr. 
Boyden, and they have had five children, 
namely: Nettie Aimena, born February 
II, 1876; Grace F. , born August 21, 
1877; Allen L. , born September 7, 1881; 
Jesse, born February 12, 1884; and one 
son that died at the age of nineteen 

After his marriage Mr. Boyden settled 
in Mill Center, working in the woods, 
making staves, etc., for about fi\'e and a 
half years, when he opened a general 
store, o{ which his wife has since had full 
charge. He also owns one hundred acres 
of good land, from which he reaps a fair 
income. His first dwelling here was a 
log structure, and he now occupies a com- 
fortable brick dwelling erected by him at 
a cost of five thousand dollars. The total 
capital of Mr. and Mrs. Boyden was, on 
starting, two hundred dollars, which, 
through their united energies, they have so 
increased that they can claim rank with 
the most wealthy residents of the county. 
In politics Mr. Boyden is a Republican, 
and cast his first Presidential vote for U. S. 
Grant, when a candidate for the second 

Nli:i.S EKICKSON is a native of 
Denmark, l)orn May 8, 1833, son 
of Erik and Lettie (Andersenl 
Peterson, who reared a family of 
children as follows: Rasnuis, Niels, Peter, 
Anna, Christian, Hans, and Lena. 

Niels was obliged to commence assist- 
ing his parents at an early age, and ac- 



cordingly had little opportunity to obtain 
an education. He was employed princi- 
pally by the farmers in the neighborhood 
of his home, turning his wages over to 
his parents until he reached his majority, 
after which he conmienced to save, in 
order to get a start in life. In 1859 he 
was united in marriage with Caroline 
Christison, daughter of Christ and Martha 
(Johnson) Oleson, all natives of Denmark, 
and to this union were born five children 
in Denmark, namely: Laura C. , Chris- 
tian, Christ, Emil and Martha. Nine 
3ears after his marriage, in 1868, Mr. 
Erickson set out with his family for 
America, and, after landing in New York, 
immediately proceeded westward to Brown 
county. Wis. , and took up his residence 
in New Denmark township. He worked 
in a sawmill for about one month, and 
was then engaged for a few weeks peeling 
hemlock bark, after which he entered the 
employ of Casper Hansen, for whom he 
worked about two years. At the expira- 
tion of that time he invested in eighty 
acres of land in New Denmark township, 
which at that time was all in the woods, 
and was still inhabited by wild animals. A 
log house was erected on the place, in which 
the family lived for several years, and the 
work of transforming the wilderness into 
a fertile farm was commenced, a task in 
which he met with well-deserved success, 
as his present beautiful farm w'ell shows. 
Their trading had to be done at Manito- 
woc or Green Bay, and, as they had no 
team, the journey had to be made on foot. 
Some years later other eighty acres, ad- 
joining the original tract, was purchased, 
making the fine farm of 160 acres now 
owned by our subject, which has been 
highly improved and carefully cultivated. 
Four children were here born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Erickson, viz. : Peter, Hans, Lettie, 
and Edith, two of whom, Peter and Edith, 
are still at home. Politically Mr. Erick- 
son is a stanch Republican. At the age 
of seventeen Peter Erickson commenced 
to work on the railroad, and continued in 
that vocation some years, becoming a 

section foreman; but he abandoned rail- 
roading several years ago in order to assist 
in taking charge of the affairs of the home 
farm. He was a stanch member of the 
Democratic party until recently, when he 
changed his views, and is now supporting 
the principles of the Republicans. 

TERRENCE DORAN, an energetic 
citizen of Pittsfield township. 
Brown county, was born in Belle- 
ville, Canada, November 20, 1838, 
and is the second in the family of seven 
children of Patrick A. and Ann (Hickey) 
Doran, the other six being named as fol- 
lows: Mary, James, John, Hugh, Matilda 
and Rose. 

Our subject was but a year and a half 
old when the family moved to New York 
State, where Terrence received his edu- 
cation. In 1855 he came west, stopping 
for a time at Chicago, thence proceeding 
to Dubuque, Iowa, in order to view the 
country, returning to Chicago shortly 
afterward. His eldest sister and her hus- 
band, Michael Kirbey, who had been his- 
companions as far west as Chicago, con- 
tinued their journey to Wisconsin, and 
landed at Suamico, Brown county. On 
returning from Dubuque to Chicago Mr. 
Doran took passage, via the lake, for 
Green Bay, whence he, also, came to 
Suamico. After working here about fifteen 
months, making shingle-bolts, etc., he 
made a trip to Dunkirk, N. Y., remained 
six weeks, and then returned to Suamico, 
Wis. , and bought forty acres of land, 
where now stands Tremble Station. In 
the meantime his father and mother had 
come to Wisconsin, and on this farm they 
found a welcome until their decease. Mr. 
Doran, however, only made his home 
there until October 31, 1861, when he 
married Margaret Page, daughter of David 
and Margaret (Prue) Page. He then came 
to Pittsfield township, which has since 
been his home. He has speculated largely 
here in real estate, and for twenty-five 
winters ran a lumber camp; at one time 


he owned 460 acres, and now has 220 
acres of good land, well improved. 

Mr. and Mrs. Doran have two chil- 
dren: Mary Ann, at home with her parents, 
and Andrew, married and living near by. 
The family are Catholic in their religious 
faith, and in politics Mr. Doran is a Dem- 
ocrat. In his Church he is treasurer of 
the building committee; he has served as 
supervisor of his township twelve years, 
and was school clerk fourteen years. He 
has also served three terms as justice of 
the peace, and no citizen in Pittsfield 
township is more highly respected. 

perous general merchant of New 
Denmark township, Brown coun- 
ty, was born October 20, 1851, in 
Denmark, son of Henry C. and Maren 
(Peterson) Wittig, the former of whom 
was a farmer, and also followed his trade, 
that of cooper, to some e.xtent. His 
family consisted of seven children, name- 
ly: Henry C, Mary, Peter F. , Ferdinand, 
Anna, Jacobine, and Jacob. 

Ferdinand Wittig received a good 
common-school education in his native 
land, and lived with his parents until he 
reached his majority, at which time he 
decided to emigrate to and try his fortune 
in America. Proceeding to Liverpool, 
England, he embarked from that port in 
an American-bound vessel and landed in 
New York after a voyage of thirteen days, 
immediately continuing his journej' west- 
ward to Wisconsin, his destination being 
in New Denmark township. Brown coun- 
ty, where his aunt, Mrs. Hans Olsen, was 
living. He reached New Denmark by 
way of Green Bay, and commenced work- 
ing on his aunt's farm, remaining there, 
however, hut six months, at the end of 
which time he migrated to Negaunee, 
Mich., wiiere he remained two months. 
From there he went to Mar(]uette, Mich., 
thence to Minneapolis, Minn., whence, 
after a sojourn of two months, he re- 
turned to New Denmark, and here con- 

tinued a year. He ne.xt worked si.x 
months in the lumber regions of Manis- 
tee, Mich., and then again returned to 
New Denmark township, where he has 
ever since resided. 

On June 28, 1877, Mr. Wittig was 
united in marriage with Mrs. Catherine 
(Buckman) Lange, a widow, daughter of 
Ahrend S. and Henrietta (Bartels) Buck- 
man, residents of New Denmark town- 
ship. She was born June 28, 1844, in 
Germany, and came to America with her 
parents, remaining at home until her mar- 
riage. May 17, 1862, with August Lange. 
At the time of his marriage Mr. Lange 
owned eighty acres of wild land (on which 
there were about four acres cleared), 
whereon the}' moved, living in a one- 
room log house until a more comfortable 
dwelling could be built. They were hard- 
working and industrious, and by their 
united efforts succeeded in clearing and 
improving their tract, converting it from 
a wilderness to a productive farm. Their 
marriage was blessed with five children, 
viz. : Herman, Ahrend, Bernard, Henri- 
etta, and Frederick, all of whom are liv- 
ing but Ahrend. Mr. Lange was called 
from earth September 14, 1872, and his 
widow continued to manage the affairs of 
the place alone for five years, or until her 
marriage to Mr. Wittig. After a residence 
of five years on the farm Mr. Wittig 
erected his present store in New Denmark 
township, and embarked in the general 
mercantile and saloon business, in which 
he has since been successfully engaged, 
doing a thriving trade; from time to time, 
owing to the demands of his increasing 
business, he has been obliged to enlarge 
the stock, and now carries a large assort- 
ment of general merchandise. In politics 
he is a Republican, but, though interested 
in the success of his party, takes no act- 
ive part in political affairs, his business re- 
ceiving his undivitled attention. In re- 
ligious faith he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church. To their 
union have been born three children: 
Henry, Martha and Diederich. 



REV. CLEMENT LAU, pastor of 
St. Francis Xavier Cathedral Con- 
gregation, Green Bay, is a native 
of Germany, born November 1 8, 
1840, in the Province of Westphaha, of 
which locahty his ancestry were all resi- 
dents as far back as can be traced, all 
bearing an honorable reputation, their 
life vocation, for the most part, being that 
of farming. 

He is a son of Bernard H. and Anna 
Maria (Ross) Lau, who, shortly after the 
birth of our subject, removed to the city 
of Rheine, in the same Province, where 
he attended the city schools, later the 
gymnasium, which latter institution he 
entered at the age of eleven years. Here 
he studied diligently till 1859, in which 
year he commenced a course of study at 
the gymnasium of Muenster, where he 
passed his final examination, and having 
decided to prepare himself for the priest- 
hood, in September, 1861, entered the 
imiversity in the same city, studying there 
about twelve months. In the following 
year he proceeded to Austria, and in the 
Priest Seminary at Linz (Upper Austria) 
studied theology, after which, in June, 
1863, he was ordained a sub-deacon. On 
June 13, 1865, he was ordained a priest, 
by the Right Rev. Bishop Francis Joseph 
Rudigier, after which he served in the 
priesthood in three different Austrian 
towns. Meanwhile, in 1877, he visited 
Rome on the occasion of the Pope's jubi- 
lee (Pius IX). In August, 1878, he came 
to the United States, and on the 12th day 
of the same month was received by Bishop 
Krautbauer in the diocese of Green Bay, 
Wis. His first appointment was to the 
church at Clark's Mills, Manitowoc coun- 
ty, where he labored diligently for four- 
teen months in a mixed congregation. 
Next he was appointed, by the Bishop, 
rector of St. Mary's Church in Greenville, 
Outagamie county, the congregation of 
which was German, and here he built a 
school and Sisters' house; at the same 
time he had charge of St. Patrick's (Irish) 
Congregation at Stephensville. 

In March, 1887, he was called by 
Bishop Katzer to Green Bay to take 
charge of the St. Francis Xavier Cathe- 
dral Congregation, where he has remained 
to the present day. He has labored faith- 
fully and well, and has done much toward 
building up the Cathedral congregation, 
especially the school in connection, which 
he made free himself. In September, 
1892, he opened a high school under the 
charge of the school Sisters of Notre 
Dame, and now the Cathedral congrega- 
tion possesses a school with eight classes 
instead of four classes before his adminis- 
tration. No one will know the sacrifices 
it required to put them on this footing, 
which was the means of making the pros- 
perity of the congregation. In January, 
1890, at a cost of six thousand dollars, he 
built the priest's residence, which was 
completed in October, 1890. He has 
been a very useful pastor, and will long 
be remembered for his kindly counsel and 
advice, given always with a smile that 
meant more than mere words. 

thrifty, enterprising farmer of 
New Denmark township. Brown 
county, was born June 26, 1826, 
in the village of Vollhousen, Prussia, Ger- 
many. He is a son of Christoph and 
Augusta Goldsmith, also natives of Ger- 
many, the former of whom was a gar- 
dener, a vocation he followed successfully 
in his native land for many j'ears. He 
had a family of four children: Augusta, 
Christian, Charles and Christoph. 

Our subject remained at home until 
he was fifteen years of age, when he 
commenced to learn the blacksmith trade, 
at which he served an apprenticeship of 
two years, subsequently following it while 
he lived in Germany. In September, 
1854, he proceeded to Liverpool, and 
embarked at that port on a vessel bound 
for America, the voyage occupying six 
weeks. Landing at New York, he thence 
went to Albany, where he worked at his 

C/^J>2/^ /Z/^^^^:^^.^^ Q^Z^^^^^ 

T L! g fi ~ yV Y o R K 





trade some time, afterward going to Sault 
Ste. Marie, Micii., where he remained 
one winter, and then removing to Apple- 
ton, \\'is. , Hved there a year and a half. 
At the end of this time he came to New 
Denmark township. Brown county, and 
here purchased forty acres of wild land, 
on which he erected a log house near his 
present comfortable dwelling, and com- 
menced clearing the place, from which 
not a tree had been cut, nor was there 
any road at the time he moved here, 
though one was opened about a year 
later. All the supplies had to be brought 
from Green Ba}-, and, as he had no team, 
he had to carry them home himself. Two 
years after his removal to this farm Mr. 
Goldsmith was married, July 19, 1857, 
in New Denmark, to Miss Mary Ann 
Nocker, daughter of Frank and Jacobine 
(Seager) Nocker, who had a family of 
three children, a brief record of whom is 
as follows: Mary Ann (Mrs. Goldsmith) 
was born November 27, 1839, in Nassau, 
Germany ; August was born in Nassau, 
Germany, and resides at Mishicot, Wis., 
is married and has eight children ; Frank 
is a resident of Fraiiklin, Wis., is mar- 
ried and has five children. In 1853 Mr. 
and Mrs. Nocker emigrated to America, 
landing in New York after a voyage of 
sixty-three days from Liverpool, and pro- 
ceeding westward immediately io Me- 
nomonee Falls, Wis., where they lived 
three years, thence removing to Franklin, 
where Mr. Nocker purchased 160 acres of 
timber land, on which he passed the re- 
mainder of his days. After his death his 
widow removed to Mishicot, \\'is. , and 
resided there until her death. The old 
homestead, at Franklin, is imw nwued by 
the son, Frank. 

Mrs. Goldsmith has aided lur hus- 
band noblv in the accumulation of his 
property, his farm now comprising ninety 
acres of highly-improved land. As he 
was the only blacksmith in the town for 
twenty years he was :i very lius\- man, 
and, in order to carry on the farm suc- 
cessfully at the same time, Mrs. Gold- 

smith looked after it, besides attending to 
her household duties. To their union 
have been born si.\ children, viz. ; Frank 
and August, who died in infancy; Frank 
(2), deceased ; Carl G., who remains at 
home with his parents ; and Catherine A. 
and Susie, who also live at home. In 
religious faith Mr. Goldsmith is a member 
of the Lutheran Church, and Mrs. Gold- 
smith and the children are members of 
the Catholic Church. In 1865 Mr. Gold- 
smith enlisted in the army, and served 
six months in Company C, Eleventh Wis. 
V. I., six weeks of which term were spent 
in the hospital. He received an honor- 
able discharge toward the close of the 
struggle on account of disability, and is 
now receiving a pension of $22 per month 
from the government for disaloility caused 
by exposure during his service. 

ALBERT VERBOORT. one of the 
most affluent farmers and land- 
owners of Lawrence township, 
Brown county, was born March 
I, 1839, in Uden, Province of North 
Brabant, Holland, son of John and Maria 

In 1848 the parents of our subject 
came to the United States with their fam- 
ily, sailing from Rotterdam on the 
"Libera," and landing at Boston, Mass., 
after a voyage of fifty-two days. At 
this time there were four children in the 
family, namely: John, now a resident of 
Washington county. Ore. ; William, who 
became a priest, and died in Washington 
county. Ore., at the town of V'erboort's 
(named after him), where he had estab- 
lished a church (he was a well-known 
priest in his time; for several years he 
lived in Brown county. Wis., where he 
established five churches — one in Morri- 
son township; St. Francis Church at De- 
Pere; St. Mary's. De Pere; St. Patrick's. 
Fort Howard, and St. Willibrord's. Green 
Bay); Mary, residing at N'L-rboort's, Ore., 
and Albert, whose name opens this sketch. 
From Massachusetts tiie family came by 

3 56 


rail and water to Green Bay, Wis. , later 
removing to Little Chute, Outagamie 
■county, and thence to Holland township. 
Brown county. They were almost desti- 
tute, and, having lost all their baggage, 
had practically nothing with which to be- 
gin life in the New World. They also 
had much difficulty in securing a home, 
and tried various localities, moving about 
from place to place along Fox river; at 
one time they even had a house partly 
built, when it was found necessary to 
abandon it. They endured many hard- 
ships, and once they had nothing to eat 
but wheat bran. But, after reverses that 
would have discouraged almost any one, 
their prospects began to brighten, and in 
1854 they purchased 1 13 acres of land in 
Lawrence township, the place on which 
our subject now resides. The father and 
two sons commenced threshing by hand, 
receiving for their laborious work one- 
eighth of the grain, which was hauled on 
a hand-sled to market and traded for 
flour. The family resided on the farm 
from 1855 to 1875, and then removed to 
Portland, Ore., where the parents and 
son William died in 1876, the father on 
July 6, the mother June 23, and William 
July 14. They were devout Catholics, 
and were buried in the cemetery at Ver- 
boort, where, as before stated, William 
had established a Catholic congregation, 
which, at the time of his death, was in a 
flourishing condition. With the death of 
this priest the Catholic Church lost one 
of its most earnest workers, and too much 
praise can not be given him for his zeal 
and untiring industry. 

Albert Verboort attended school but a 
short time in his native country, and only 
one month in the United States; but his 
natural ability has asserted itself in spite 
of his lackof early educational advantages. 
He has an inherent genius for mechanical 
work, and learned readily the blacksmith's 
and wagon-maker's trades, at which he 
worked when about fifteen years of age. 
In the fall of 1863 he was united in mar- 
riage, in Brown county, by Rev. Father 

Spierings, with Miss Anna Johnson, who 
was born November 13, 1826, in Holland, 
near the birthplace of her husband. She 
was a daughter of Jacob and Mary John- 
son, and came to the United States in 
1850 with her mother and two brothers 
— Frank and Theodore. They sailed from 
Antwerp, and, after an ocean voyage of 
thirty days, landed at New York, proceed- 
ing thence via Buffalo, N. Y. , to Green 
Bay, Wis. After marriage Mr. Verboort 
located on his present farm, remaining 
thereon until 1875, when he went to 
Oregon, and there resided three years, 
after which he returned to Brown county. 
Wis., and for a time lived on land along 
Ashwaubenon creek. He then made 
another trip to Oregon; returned again to 
Brown county, and after a brief sojourn 
here once more removed to the Pacific 
coast, where he made his home until 1892, 
when he came back to Brown county, 
taking up his residence on his present 

There is probably no citizen in Brown 
county, in the ordinary walk of life, who 
has traveled so extensively, he having 
gone over sixty thousand miles since 1876. 
He has been most successful in his agri- 
cultural work, and to-day is one of the 
wealthiest landowners in Lawrence town- 
ship, having won success by his own 
efforts. In his political preferences he is 
a Democrat, though not strictly partisan, 
and he has never aspired to office. The 
entire family are members of the Catholic 
Church. Mr. and Mrs. Verboort have 
had children as follows: John and Will- 
iam, both living; Dora, who died when 
twelve years of age; and others that died 
in infancy. 

ARVE ARVESON. Among the 
progressive, highly-esteemed agri- 
culturists of New Denmark town- 
ship. Brown county, this gentle- 
man occupies a prominent place. He is 
a native of Norway, born February 22, 
183s, son of Christian (who was a miner 



in Norway) and Ingeberg (Johnson) Arve- 
son, who reared a family of five children, 
as follows; Arve (our subject), Mary, 
John, Martha and Nils. 

At the early age of fourteen years Arve 
Arveson commenced to work in the mines, 
his wages being about twelve cents a day, 
and continued in this labor until he reached 
the age of eighteen years, when the fam- 
ily immigrated to America. They landed 
in the city of Quebec, Canada, thence 
journeyed to Green Bay, Wis., where 
they arrived on the old steamer "Michi- 
gan, " and thence to New Denmark town- 
ship, Brown county, where Mr. Arveson 
bought eighty acres of totally unimproved 
land. Mr. Gotfredson, another early 
settler, who owned an ox-team, assisted 
them to bring their household goods to 
their home in the woods, but they had to 
be carried some distance, as there was no 
road for the team. There were only a 
few yoke of oxen in the township at this 
time, and the Arvesons lived here three 
years before they were able to buy a team 
for themselves. For the first two years 
they lived in a 16 x 16 log house, the first 
dwelling erected by a white man on the 
place, which stood in the midst of the 
forest, and then removed to another tract 
of eighty acres just northeast of this first 
home, where the parents passed the re- 
mainder of their lives, both living to the 
advanced age of eighty-two years. 

Our subject was, as above related, 
eighteen years old when he came with his 
parents to Wisconsin, and, being the eld- 
est, much of the farm work devolved upon 
him. On March 28, 1858, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Marianc Anderson, 
daughter of Anders and Bertha (Ras- 
mussen) Christensen, and, our subject 
having purchased his present farm from 
his father, the young couple immediately 
took up their residence here, living in the 
old log house during the first five years, 
when it was supplanted by a comfortable, 
modern residence. Their marriage has 
been blessed with seven children, a brief 
record of whom is as follows: Alfred C. 

died of consumption at the age of twentj- 
five (he was in Colorado when first taken 
ill, but came home about two months be- 
fore his death); Emma, Mrs. Christensen, 
is living in Iowa; Millie, Mrs. Hanson, is a 
resident of New Denmark; John remains 
at home with his parents; Rosa, Mrs. 
Nelson, is living in Oconto; Christ is at 
home; Arthur is a school-teacher in 
Antigo, Wis. Mr. Arveson is strictly a 
self-made man; receiving in his youth but 
meager educational advantages, he has, 
by his own efforts, acquired a practical 
education in the broad school of expe- 
rience, and commencing life in the New 
World with no capital save health and 
energy, he has accumulated a comfortable 
property, having a highly-improved farm 
of 160 acres in New Denmark township. 
He is greatly respected by all who know 
him, and has been elected to fill various 
positions of trust in his township, which 
he served two years as chairman, three 
years as treasurer, and also as assessor, to 
the complete satisfaction of his fellow cit- 
izens. In his political preferences he is 
a stanch member of the Republican party. 
He and his wife are, in religious faith, act- 
ive members of the Lutheran Church, in 
which he has served as deacon, and at 
present holds the office of trustee. 

In 1862 Mr. Arveson was drafted into 
the Union army, and provided a substitute; 
but in 1865 he enlisted in Company F, 
Fiftieth Wis. V. I., and served about a 
year, principally in Dakota, among the 
Indians. He received an honorable dis- 
charge at Madison, Wis., in June, 1866, 
and immediately returned to his home. 

PHILIP M. WIRTH. The life of 
a literary man seldom exhibits any 
of those striking incidents that 
seize upon public feeling and fix 
attention upon himself. His character is, 
for the most part, made n|i of the aggre- 
gate of the qualities and qualifications he 
may possess, as these may be elicited by 
the exercise of the duties of his vocation 


or the particular prufession to whicl: he 
may belong; and in this, possibly, the 
subject of this sketch presents not alto- 
gether an exception to the general rule. 
Mr. Wirth was born in Bavaria, Ger- 
many, April 25, 1823, the third son in 
the family of seven children — si.x sons and 
one daughter — of Michael J. and Theresa 
(Rauscher) Wirth. The father was a 
school-teacher in Germany, having quali- 
fied for that profession by a college edu- 
cation; and, as a natural consequence, the 
sons received excellent scholastic training. 
Our subject, up to the age of ten years, at- 
tended the public schools of the neighbor- 
hood of his place of birth, then for a 
couple of years received tuition under a 
private tutor, after which he entered the 
Royal Gymnasium at Muennerstadt, study- 
ing at that institution of learning six years. 
For a year after leaving college Mr. 
Wirth traveled through Germany and 
Austria for pleasure and recreation, view- 
ing in his journey many scenes not easily 
to be effaced from his memory. In Ger- 
many it is the custom for youths of all 
classes to learn a trade, and our subject 
was no exception, for on his return home 
he apprenticed himself to a carpenter, 
serving two years, at the end of which 
time he answered to his call to enter the 
army, but on account of physical de- 
ficiency he was rejected. Turning his eyes, 
now, in the direction of the Western 
World, with all its grand advantages to 
the man "who is willing to toil, and 
where the poorest may gather the fruits 
of the soil," he resolved to make it 
the battleground of his future life in 
his struggle with the world. Accord- 
ingly, on April i, 1846, he took pas- 
sage at Cuxhafen, the seaport of Ham- 
burg, on the good ship "Perseverance" 
fa suggestive title for the young emigrant), 
bound for Quebec, and after a passage of 
fifty-eight days landed at that quaint old 
Canadian cit}-. His destinaton, however, 
was Wisconsin, whither his brother 
George C. , had previously emigrated ; so 
from Quebec our subject proceeded to 

Buffalo. N. Y. , where he boarded the 
steamer "Oregon" for Milwaukee, from 
which latter port he jotn-neyed to Green 
Bay, arriving July 11, 1846. Here he 
unfortunately was siezed with typhoid 
fever, but, on the other hand — "Fortuna 
favct fortibns " — he fortunately had the 
home and care of his brother for the 
two months he was ill and convalescent. 
The first dollar he earned in the United 
States was for work he did for Albert 
Weise, who was putting up his first dwell- 
ing on Walnut street, and for a month he 
followed his trade. Preferring, however, 
the life of a farmer to that of a trades- 
man, he hired out to Daniel H. Whitney, 
of Stockbridge, Calumet county, for ten' 
dollars per month, remaining with him 
till 1849, ofttimes, no doubt, when turn- 
ing the sods with the plough repeating to 
himself lines from the Georgics of Virgil, 
or the Bucolics of Theocritus, or Xeno- 
phon and Homer. From that time for- 
ward he followed his trade as a house 
and ship carpenter till October 4, 1864, 
when he was drafted into the Union army. 
He was assigned to Company E, Twenty- 
second Wis. V. I., and served as orderly 
sergeant and clerk to Col. Chapman, 
whose headquarters were at Camp Randall. 
On May 17, 1865, he was honorably dis- 
charged and returned home to Green 
Bay, where he resumed his trade. 

The time had now come for him to 
buy land, and in December, 1865, he 
purchased fifty acres in Private Claim 
No. 43, Bellevue township. Brown coun- 
ty, heavily timbered and without any im- 
provements, paying for same one thous- 
and dollars. On this tract stood a quan- 
tity of oak tunber, and some of the heavi- 
est trees of that kind ever cut in the 
neighborhood of Green Bay were felled on 
this farm. By assiduous labor Mr. Wirth 
cleared the land, converting the primeval 
forest into a luxurious vegetable or truck 
farm, all the improvements being made 
by his own hand, and under his personal 
supervision. His time, ever since com- 
mencing in this line, has been devoted ex- 



clusively to the farm, varied occasionally 
by some small job at carpentry for the 
first two years. On F"ebruary 2, 1849, 
Mr. Wirth was married in Green Bay to 
Miss Odelia Schauer, who was born Sep- 
tember 8, 1824, in Bavaria, a daughter of 
Henry Schauer, whose family (he being 
deceased) emigrated in 1 846 from the 
Fatherland to the United States, arriving 
in Green Bay, Wis., September 8, 1846. 
After marriage Mr. Wirth continued farm- 
ing in Calumet county until July, 1849, 
and then came to Green Bay, as already 
related. For his first residence in the 
town he built a house on Madison street, 
which he traded later, and then erected 
the present commodious family residence 
on Walnut street, now owned by Leon 
Findeisen. 1 he children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Wirth were as follows : George 
W., a marine engineer; Odelia, Mrs. 
William Devhue, of Preble township; 
Martha, Mrs. John Heidorf, of Manito- 
woc, Wis. ; Philip and Jacob (twins), the 
former of whom is a marine engineer, the 
latter an artesian well-borer; Mary, Mrs. 
Leonard Verdigen, of Bellevue; Frances, 
Mrs. Mathias Anheuser, of Fort Howard; 
Michael, a farmer of Bellevue; Theresa, 
who died when nine months old. Our 
subject and wife are members of the 
Catholic Church. A Republican, though 
at one time a Democrat, his first Presi- 
dential vote was cast for Lincoln, and he 
has done yeoman service in political mat- 
ters : For nine years he served as clerk 
of Bellevue township; was chairman of 
the council one year, and member of the 
school board five years. He was enu- 
merator of the Tenth United States Cen- 
sus; in 1883-4 served in the Legislature, 
first bieimial sessions; and in all his pub- 
lic trusts he has given ample satisfaction 
to liis constituents, reflecting tiie utmost 
credit to himself for his capacity and 
faithfulness. He still (iiuis time for an 
occasional stroll in tlir firlds of literature. 
for, witli Greek. Latin, liistorical, scien- 
tific and other useful books at his com- 
mand, lie has always witii iiim a substan- 

tial world, both pure and good, round 
which, ' ' with tendrils strong 'as flesh and 
blood, our pastime and our happiness 
will I'row. " 

old pioneers of Morrison township, 
Brown county, is a native of Ireland, 
born in 1834, a son of Jeremiah and 
Margaret (Foley) Brennan, who were the 
parents of six children, vi;;. : Kate, Mi- 
chael, John, Patrick, Jeremiah, and Mary. 
Jeremiah Brennan, the father of the 
family, was the first of its members to 
come to this country. In 1 840 he reached 
Glenmore, Brown Co., Wis., where he 
entered 160 acres; and about 1842 he re- 
turned to the East in order to bring his 
family out West. For several years the 
father was employed in a grocery in Chic- 
opee, Mass., while our subject worked in 
a cotton factory. In 1854 the family 
were prepared to come west and settle on 
their farm, but the father was taken sick 
and died. The mother, however, with 
her sons, left Springfield, Mass., some 
little time after the sad event, and ar- 
rived in Glenmore before the expiration 
of the year. From De Pere they carried 
their effects on their backs to the farm, 
with nothing but an Indian trail to guide 
them; but f)nce on the land there were no 
idle or unwilling hands, and soon a small 
clearing was made and a small shanty of 
scoops, 1 2 X 16 feet, erected for their shel- 
ter, the mother doing her full share of the 
work. Wild animals, which were numer- 
ous anil ravenous, killed the oxen in the 
woods, while the bears would carry off 
the hogs before the eyes of the hard-work- 
ing settlers; and the Indians, although 
called civilized, would enter the dwelling 
in the absence of tiie inmates and carry 
off the provisions — a serious and heavy 
loss under the circumstances. But the 
hardy pioneers struggled on through the 
innumerable vicissitudes and struggles of 
life in the wilderness, and eventually tri- 
uniphctl over all difiiculties — even over 



the vicious, pernicious, and poisonous 
mosquitoes, which, though small in them- 
selves, were no small factor as an annoy- 
ance and an irritant to the new settlers. 
The good old mother was spared to see 
the homestead fully developed, and died 
in 1878, at the advanced age of eighty- 
five years, honored and venerated by all 
who knew her. Her mortal remains rest 
in the Morrison Catholic burying ground. 
In 1859, at the age of twenty-five, 
Jeremiah Brennan was married to Claren- 
cy, daughter of Michael and Catherine 
Quinn, old settlers of Morrison township, 
having come here about the year 1855. 
They bought 480 acres of land, and, like all 
other pioneers, endured the hardships of 
life in the wilderness. They were the 
parents of three children, named Clarency, 
John S. and Michael. After his marrige 
Mr. Brennan settled on his farm of 160 
acres, which he had previously purchased, 
and on which he had erected a house 
built of timber hewn by his own hands, at 
that time considered the best house in the 
township. In 1862 Capt. Harrison and 
Mr. Brennan organized the first company 
in Brown county for service in the Union 
army during the Civil war, the company- 
consisting of sixty men; but Mr. Brennan 
resigned his commission, and Harrison, 
going to the front, was killed in the first 
action in which his regiment was engaged, 
and was succeeded by Mr. Lawton, of De- 
Pere. On March 28, 1863, Mr. Brennan, 
with eleven others, started from De Pere 
across the plains to Idaho, with sixteen 
yoke of oxen and wagons, and arrived at 
their destination August 14. They found 
wild Indians, a wild country, and they also 
found gold. Mr. Brennan returned to 
Wisconsin in 1867 and resumed farming. 
His first wife survived about twelve years 
after marriage, and died July 2, 1872, the 
mother of three children, Mary, Jeremiah, 
and Michael. In 1873 Mr. Brennan took 
for his second wife Ellen Pool, daughter 
of Hugh and Mary (Mehegan) Pool, who 
were the parents of eight children, 
viz.: Kate, John, Thomas, Mary, El- 

len, Michael, William and Hannah. The 
father was one of the pioneers of Cedar- 
burg, having settled there in 1836; he 
now resides in Milwaukee with a daughter, 
and is nearly one hundred years of age. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brennan lived in the old 
log house about fourteen years, when it 
was replaced by the magnificent dwelling 
in which they now reside. The farm com- 
prises 1 20 acres of good land, and is highly 
improved, the whole being the reward of 
Mr. Brennan's industry, aided by his 
children and their good mother. Mr. 
Brennan is a strong advocate of public 
schools, three of the children being now 
teachers. The nine children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Brennan were as follows: Will- 
iam; Nellie, who is a school-teacher; 
Anna; John, deceased; George, whose 
death was caused by playing base-ball; 
Kate, Grace and Celia; Michael, teaching 
in District No. 6. The parents are mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church, in which 
Mr. Brennan is much interested, having 
erected the first parsonage built in the 
town. Politically he is a Democrat, and 
has served as town supervisor and in sev- 
eral other offices, but prefers the quietude 
of his private life, which has been alto- 
gether upright and industrious, and such 
as to win for him the respect of all who 
know him. 


GAARD. Among the repre- 
sentative self-made agricultur- 
ists of Bellevue township. Brown 
county, none commands greater respect 
than this gentleman. He is a native of 
Holland, born August 30, 1821, son of 
Anton Van De Wyngaard, who was a 
farmer and miller, and had eight children 
— four sons and four daughters — of whom 
Martin is the youngest son. 

Our subject received his education in 
the common schools of his birthplace, 
commencing when about sixteen years of 
age to learn the milling trade under his 
father. In 1851 he sailed from Rotter- 


dam on the " Mozambique," and, after a 
voyage of forty-five days, landed in New 
York, whence, during the same year, he 
came westward by way of Cleveland, 
Ohio, to Green Bay, Wis. Here he re- 
mained but a few months, and then re- 
turned to Cleveland, where he secured 
employment at shingle-cutting, being will- 
ing to do anything to earn an honest dol- 
lar. While in Cleveland he was taken 
sick, and was sent into the country, in 
the vicinity of Newburg, to recover, after 
which he returned to his native land, as 
he had learned that his father was very 
ill. He was thirty days crossing the 
ocean, during which passage, on August 
15, he dreamed he was attending his 
father's funeral, and, strange to say, he 
found, on his arrival home that his father 
had died and the funeral had taken place 
that day. After spending five or six 
months in Holland, our subject again 
came to America, this time sailing from 
Liverpool on a Black Star liner, and land- 
ing in New York after a very stormy pas- 
sage, the vessel arriving in port with one- 
half of her mainmast standing, while the 
other masts were gone altogether. Mr. 
Van De Wyngaard again came to Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio, and in 1854 was there 
married to Miss Catherine Ingersoll, a 
native of same, who was born August 13, 
1 82 I, daughter of Levi and Derdamia In- 
gersoll, New England people, who were 
early pioneers of the county, having come 
to Cleveland between the years 18 12 and 
181 5. After marriage our subject lived 
in Cuyahoga county with his wife's parents, 
and also on a farm of his own until 1871, 
in which year he brought his family to 
Green Bay, and, buying the "Camp 
Smith" farm along the river, resided there 
for some years. In 1877 he purchased 
and removed upon his present place, now 
consisting of one hundred acres of good 
farming land, but which at that time was 
a new farm and iKjt all cleared; but with 
constant care and attention to the details 
of his work, he now has a pleasant home 
and comfortable property. He conducts 

a profitable general farming business, the 
success he has met with being all due to 
his own unceasing efforts, and he is well 
known and highly respected by his neigh- 
bors and fellow citizens. 

In politics our subject was originally a 
Republican, but during the Grant cam- 
paign he joined the ranks of the Demo- 
cratic party, with which he has since re- 
mained. Religiously he is a member of 
St. John's Catholic Church, Green Bay. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Van De W}ngaard have 
been born the following named children: 
Augusta E. (wife of L. Ver Berkmoes, a 
merchant of Atkinson. 111.), Christina, 
Anton, and Alphonsos (at home), and 
Barnardus (of Sheboygan, Mich.). 

(deceased) was, during.his lifetime 
one of the most active, promi- 
nent citizens in New Denmark 
township, Brown county, of which he was 
one of the earliest settlers. 

He was born, March 2, 18 14, in the 
Kingdom of Denmark, where, on Febru- 
ary 18, 1848, he was married to Miss 
Laurentine Hjorth, who was born March 
8, 1824, in Langeland, Denmark, daugh- 
ter of Rasmus and Mary (Ivcrson) Hjorth, 
who had eight children, three of whom 
are now living, namely: Laurentine (Mrs. 
Gotfredscn), Frederick, and Peter A. 
Rasmus Hjorth was a schoolteacher for 
twenty-eight years. One month after 
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Gotfredsen 
sailed for America, landing in New York 
two months later after a very rough voy- 
age, and coming directly to Milwaukee, 
Wis., in which city Mrs. Gotfredsen re- 
mained while her husband went farther 
north to look for land. He purrhaseil 160 
acres in New Denmark township. Brown 
county, on which they removed at f)nce, 
being the second settlers in the township. 
Mr. Cooper, the first settler of Coopers- 
town, Wis., conveyed them to their home 
with his ox-team, and they located in the 
midst of the forest, which thev at once 



commenced to clear away and convert 
into a fertile farm. The task was not a 
light one; and, owing to the new and un- 
settled condition of the countr}', these 
pioneers suffered numerous hardships and 
privations incident to backwoods life, as 
well as the inconveniences to be experi- 
enced in a new country; but they perse- 
vered in their noble work, and, after years 
of toil found themselves in possession of a 
fine property hewn from the forest. By 
unceasing industry Mr. Gotfredsen was 
enabled to increased the area of his farm, 
and at the time of his death was the 
owner of 200 acres of highly-improved 
land, and ranked among the most success- 
ful men in his locality. In 185 1 Mrs. 
Gotfredsen's parents set out from Den- 
mark for the United States, but the father 
died on the sea, of heart trouble, from 
which he had suffered many years, and 
was buried in New York; the widowed 
mother came to Wisconsin, and passed 
the remainder of her life with her daugh- 
ter, dying about 1 86 1 ; she was interred 
in the cemetery in New Denmark town- 
ship, donated by Mr. Gotfredsen. 

At the time Mr. Gotfredsen came to 
New Denmark township it was included 
in De Pere, and he was instrumental in 
having it set apart as a separate township, 
taking great interest in that, as well as all 
other public improvements for the benefit 
or advancement of his community. In 
political connection he was a stanch Dem- 
ocrat, and held numerous positions of 
honor and trust in his township, serving 
as chairman, treasurer, etc., in an able 
and satisfactory manner. He was highly 
esteemed by all who knew him, and his 
death, which occurred February 22, 1894, 
brought a loss to the entire community, 
who felt keenly the departure. of one of 
the best and oldest citizens. Since his 
decease his widow has continued to make 
her home on the farm, having with her 
her daughter Jennie. The children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Gotfredsen were eleven 
in number, as follows: Mary (who was 
the first white girl born in New Denmark 

township), Hilbert, Minnie, Sophia (who 
died at the age of twenty-six), Jennie, 
Frederica, Augusta, Lawrence, Benjamin, 
Laurena and Edith, most of whom are 
living in Nebraska. In 1865 Mr. Gotfred- 
sen revisited his native country, spending 
a short time there among his relatives and 
friends, who gave him a very hearty 

is pastor of St. Patrick's Church, 
Fort Howard, one of the oldest 
congregations in the Fox River 
Valley, with a present membership of two 
hundred families. 

He was born February 29, i860, in 
Granville, Milwaukee Co., Wis., a son of 
Patrick and Margaret (O'Leary) O'Brien, 
who were natives of Ireland, the former 
of County Watcrford, the latter of Coun- 
ty Cork. The parents had immigated to 
Boston, Mass., about 1846, were married 
in that city in 1848, and removed to Wis- 
consin early in the spring of 1855, locating 
in Granville township, Milwaukee county, 
where their son was born, on a farm in 
the woods, which they cleared and im- 
proved. In 1873 the father removed with 
his family to Chilton, Calumet county, 
dying on his farm there ten years later, 
March 23, 1883. His widow now resides 
in South Milwaukee. Of their children, 
Ellen is the wife of John McGrath, a 
farmer, and resides in Lebanon, Waupaca 
Co., Wis.; Patrick is a resident of South 
Milwaukee; Rev. M. J. is the loved pastor 
of a large congregation at Fort Howard; 
Margaret, now Mrs. Charles Kelley, lives 
in Lebanon, as does also Jennie, wife of 
Patrick Cleary; Lizzie is now Mrs. Harry 
Kearns, of Buffalo, Wis. ; George resides 
in South Milwaukee. 

The future candidate for priestly hon- 
ors was a farmer in his jouthful days in 
Milwaukee and Calumet counties. He 
was a member of the first class to grad- 
uate from the Chilton high school, in 
June, 1878, and, for three years follow- 






ing, was a teacher in Calumet county. 
He then, in the fall of 1880, entered St. 
Francis Seminary at Milwaukee, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 
1888; in June, of the same year, was or- 
dained to the priesthood by Archbishop 
Heiss, of Milwaukee, and the following 
month was sent to St. Andrew's Church, 
at Kingston, Wis. He was ne.xt assistant, 
for two years, in St. Peter's Church, at 
Oshkosh, and subsequently in charge of 
St. Stephen's Church, at Stevens Point, 
from which place he came to Fort How- 
ard, in May, 1893. Here the field of his 
labors is large, and his efforts have been 
marked with gratifying success. On the 
second Sunda}' after his arrival he took 
steps toward the erection of the present 
magnificent church, at the corner of 
Cherry and Hubbard streets, in which 
the congregation now worship, which was 
completed in November, 1894, and is one 
of the finest in the Fcx River Valley. 
He labored indefatigably to secure means 
and advance the work in every possible 
way; but a good constitution — the founda- 
tion of which was laid on a farm — and 
his ardent love for the work undertaken 
enabled him to give the constant atten- 
tion necessary during the construction of 
the edifice, and to perform a large amount 
of work in addition to his regular duties. 
The church is a brick building, with trim- 
mings of Duck Creek stone, (Sox 124 feet 
in dimensions, with basement, costing 
about twenty-five thousand dollars, and 
is a monument to the zeal and devotion 
of its earnest pastor, who has endeared 
himself to all classes, regardless of de- 
nomination and nationality. 

of the well-known farmer citizens 
(jf Scott township. Brown county, 
was born April 8, 1845, in Bel- 
gium, son of Frank Cleeremans, Sr. , who 
was a farmer in that country. 

in tiic spring of [867, having detcr- 
niuR'd to try his fortune in America, Frank 

Cleeremans, Sr. , emigrated from his na- 
tive land, bringing his wife and family of 
five sons — Charles, John, Frank, Jr., 
Henry and Alex — all of whom are yet 
living. Sailing from Antwerp on the 
"Ottawa," they arrived in New York 
after a voyage of sixteen days, and im- 
mediately journeyed westward by rail to 
Brown county, 'Wis. , coming via Chicago 
to Green Bay. Mr. Cleeremans, Sr. , had 
saved a few hundred dollars, and in Scott 
township purchased forty acres (where his 
son Frank now lives), for which he paid 
fifteen dollars per acre. A one-room log 
shanty was the only dwelling on this place, 
and but ten acres of the land were cleared, 
the rest being still in its primitive state. 
The family lived in that house two years, 
when a better one was built. The farm 
was gradually cleared and made to yield 
a good income, and here the parents 
passed the remainder of their lives, the 
mother dying May 20, 1871, the father 
on January 11, 1876. They were mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church, and their 
remains now rest in Bay Settlement 

Frank Cleeremans, Jr., attended the 
common schools of his native land, where 
he obtained all his education, receiving 
instruction in French and Flemish, being 
able to read both these languages. His 
knowledge of English he has acquired 
since coming to the United States, by 
close application to American books and 
papers. At the age of twenty he com- 
menced to learn the blacksmith trade, 
which he followed until he came to Amer- 
ica with his parents; previously he had 
worked in a soap factory in France. After 
coming to Wisconsin he secured work in 
Green Bay, and contiiuied in the employ 
of otiiers, giving his earnings to his par- 
ents, until the time of his marriage, in 
1 87 1. In that year he wedded Miss Vir- 
ginia Horckmans, also a native of Bel- 
gium, who, when fifteen months old, was 
brought to America by her parents, Will- 
iam and Thersa (N'anderbosh) Horckmans. 
At this time Mr. Cleeremans, Jr., bought 



the interests of his brothers in the home 
farm, and, building a shop on the place 
(all on credit j, continued his trade in con- 
nection with farming until 1875, when he 
abandoned it, and has since given his at- 
tention exclusively to agriculture. For 
several years he was engaged in the sale 
of nursery stock, and while in this busi- 
ness became widely acquainted in his sec- 
tion of the county. He is now the owner 
of the original place, to which he has 
added ten acres more, and has a comfort- 
able productive farm, free of debt. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Cleeremans, Jr., were born 
children as follows: Annie, Thersa, Odile, 
Minnie, August, and Henry, all living, and 
four that died in infancy. The mother of 
these passed from earth September 14, 
1887, and was buried in the Wequiock 
cemetery in Scott township. Mr. Cleere- 
mans, Jr., is a stanch Republican, and an 
ardent supporter of the principles of that 
party, esp^ecially those of protective tariff. 
He has been elected to various offices in 
his township, serving one term as chair- 
man, and for thirteen or fourteen years as 
assessor, in both capacities giving satisfac- 
tion to his constituents. He has been 
self-made in every respect, and, though 
beginning life a poor man, his natural 
ability, industrious nature and persever- 
ance have enabled him to rise to his pres- 
ent enviable position. 

HI). VAN SEGGEKN was born 
October 9, 1 849, in Oldenburg, 
Germany, son of Henry F. and 
Meta (Schmidt) Van Seggern, who 
had four children, as follows: H. D. , 
Dedrick (who died when three years old), 
and two that died in infancy. The father 
was a sailor and carpenter, and was em- 
ployed as such for fifteen years, after 
which he worked for a time in the ship- 

In 1859 the family came to America, 
sailing from Bremen, and landing, after a 
voyage of thirteen days, in New York, 

where they sojourned three days, and 
then continued their journey west. They 
traveled to Milwaukee, Wis., and thence 
by boat to Manitowoc, where they hired 
an o.x-team to take them to their destina- 
tion in New Denmark township. Brown 
county; but the team collapsed near 
where Mr. Fagan now lives, and they were 
obliged to finish the journey as best they 
could. In New Denmark township the 
father purchased a tract of 160 acres, 
only three acres of which were cleared, 
and the family took up their residence in 
a log hut, which stood on the place, con- 
tinuing to live in same eight years, when 
it was replaced by a more modern dwell- 
ing. About two years after their arrival 
Mr. Van Seggern disposed of eighty acres 
of his land. The father spent the re- 
mainder of his life clearing and improving 
the land he had bought; later purchased 
some more land, and at the time of his 
death was the owner of a fine farm of 160 
acres, now the home of our subject. He 
passed away at the age of seventy-eight, 
fifteen years after the death of his wife. 
Our subject, being the only son, had 
to commence work very early in life, 
helping his father in the labor of clearing 
and cultivating the pioneer farm, remain- 
ing at home except for three winters 
when he worked in the woods. In 
his youth the country around his home 
was sparsely settled and totally unim- 
proved, and he has experienced all the 
inconveniences incident to backwoods life 
in those early days. Although no road 
had yet been cut through to Green Bay, 
he would walk there and back, carrying 
butter and eggs to market, and bringing 
home provisions. On account of the 
meager educational facilities of tha time, 
he received only eleven months' schooling; 
but he has made the best of such oppor- 
tunities as he had, and has acquired a 
practical education by his own efforts. 
He assisted his parents faithfully in the 
laborious task of converting the forest into 
a fertile, productive farm, and he is now 
enjoying the fruits of those early days of 



hardship and incessant toil. On May 
13, 1879, he was united in marriage with 
Miss Martha F. Daggart, a native of Two 
Rivers, Wis. , daughter of Charles B. and 
Naomi (Knibbs) Daggart, who were of 
Scotch and English descent, respectively. 
Mr. Daggart's first wife died in Two 
Rivers, leaving two children, Thomas and 
Mary, and he subsequently returned to 
New York State where he married Naomi 
Knibbs, who became the mother of five 
children, viz.: Amanda E., Andrew, 
Martha F. , Evaline Ann, and one that 
died in infancy. Mr. Daggart, who fol- 
lowed merchandising, served as postmas- 
ter at Two Rivers, and also for one year 
as member of the Assembly. 

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. 
Van Seggern took up their residence on 
the old homestead, which Mr. Van Seg- 
gern inherited, and have ever since re- 
mained here, prosperously engaged in 
general farming. To their union have 
been born eight children, their names and 
dates of birth being as follows: Matie 
N., May 22, 1880; Amanda E., Decem- 
23, 1 88 1 ; Charles H., November 3, 1883 ; 
Fred J., May 13, 1885 ; Walter M., March 
6, 1888; Imia C, July 10, 1889; Cora 
A. A., February i, 1892 ; Edna H., No- 
vember 23, 1894. In religious faith Mr. 
and Mrs. Van Seggern are members of 
the Lutheran Church, in which he serves 
as trustee and secretary. In his political 
preferences he is a Republican, taking 
considerable interest in the workings of 
his party, and his fellow citizens have 
honored him with election to various local 
positions of trust ; he served faithfully as 
supervisor three years, from 1880 to 1883; 
also school director, and was recently 
elected to the important position of chair- 
man of his township. For the past six 
years he has been treasurer of the Farm- 
ers' Insurance Company. As a promi- 
nent, prosperous farmer, a public-spirited, 
rei)resentative citizen, and a jirogrcssive, 
self-made man, Mr. Van Seggern occu- 
pies an enviable position among his fel- 
low citizens in New Denmark township. 

JACOB CRAANEN, postmaster and 
merchant at Bay Settlement, is one 
of the most prosperous young men 
of Scott township. Brown county, 
of which he is a native, having been born 
in Bay Settlement May 26, 1858. 

He is a son of Christian Craanen, a 
shoemaker by trade, who was born in 
Holland, and there married Theodora 
Hooken, the young couple innnigrating to 
America immediately after their marriage. 
They came to Green Bay, Brown county. 
Wis., and arrived late in the fall of 1856, 
the entire journey occupying eighty days. 
For two or three weeks they remained in 
Green Bay, and then came to Bay Set- 
tlement, Scott township, where Mr. Craa- 
nen purchased three or four acres of 
land, on which he built a small log house. 
One corner of the cabin was reserved for 
his work-bench, and finding plenty to do 
at his trade, he labored diligently to sup- 
port his family. Three children came to 
brighten his home, viz. : Antoinette, now 
Mrs. Henry Kersten, of Chilton, Wis. ; 
Jacob, a sketch of whom follows; and 
John, a farmer of Scott township. Mr. 
Craanen, in addition to working at his trade, 
cleared his land, and, as his sons grew up 
and commenced to assist him, he pur- 
chased a tract of forty acres, from time to 
time making other additions to his farm, 
until at his death they had 350 acres, all 
accumulated from a commencement of 
nothing. He passed from earth May 14, 
1893, and was buried in Bay Settlement 
cemetery. Mrs. Theodora Craanen died 
December 27, 1881, and was buried in 
Bay Settlement cemetery, and he sub- 
sequently married Elizabetii No)'man, 
who survives him. He was a member of 
the Democratic party, but not an active 
politician, and in religious faith he and 
his wife were members of the Church <}f 
the Holy Cross, of which he was treas- 
urer at the time of his death. No 
citizen in the township stood higher in 
the esteem of his fellowmen or better 
deserved their respect. He was self- 
made in the full sense of the word. 



and his larj^e property was acquired by 
hard wori-;, good management, and up- 
right dealing. His powers of endurance 
were wonderful, for, during his earlier 
years, when struggling to obtain a fair 
start, he would labor day and night. The 
330-acre farm did not represent all his 
wealth, for he owned property in Green 
Bay and De Pare as well, and, from being 
a poor man on his arrival in Brown 
county, he rose, by industry, to be one of 
its leading citizens. 

Jacob Craanen attended the common 
schools of the home neighborhood until 
thirteen years of age, and then entered 
the college at Calvary, Wis., w'here he 
remained until he was sixteen years old. 
He commenced to work on the farm, 
where he labored industriously to help his 
father. On November ig, 1889, he was 
married to Miss Mary Beaumier, a native 
of Scott township, and a daughter of Au- 
gust Beaumier, who came from Canada, 
and was of French extraction. This mar- 
riage has been blessed by three children: 
George, born November 21, 1890; Jacob, 
born June 8, 1892, and Myrtle, born Jan- 
uary 2, 1894. In December, 1893, Mr. 
Craanen was appointed postmaster at 
Bay Settlement, where he also conducts 
a grocery business. He is the owner of 
155 acres of land, a portion of which he 
rents, and is regarded as one of Scott 
township's substantial citizens. Politi- 
cally he is a Democrat, and he and his 
wife 1 are members of the Catholic church. 

FH. WIESE, a prosperous young 
agriculturist and well-known citi- 
zen of Lawrence township, Brown 
county, was born September 6, 
1862, in Lippe-Detmold, Westphalia, Ger- 
many, son of William and Louisa (Hage- 
meister) Wiese. 

n William Wiese was for thirty-two years 
foreman in a brickyard in his native place, 
and became quite skilled in this line of 
work, understanding it in every detail. 
His children, all born in the old country. 

were as follows: Amelia, now Mrs. Will- 
iam Grimmer, of De Pere, Wis. ; Louisa, 
now Mrs. Gustav Fleck, of Kaukauna, 
Wis. ; Minnie, wife of Rev. Bock, a 
Lutheran minister of West De Pere, Wis. ; 
William, deceased in infancy; and Fred- 
erick H., our subject. In 1867 the family 
sailed from Bremen on the vessel ' ' Ger- 
many, " and landed at New York after a 
voyage of eleven days. There they re- 
mained a short time at the ' ' Emigrant 
House," and then proceeded westward to 
Chicago, thence via the Chicago & North 
Western railway to Green Bay, Wis. , 
where they made a temporary home with 
the well-known Hagemeister family. Mr. 
Wiese was totally unacquainted with the 
value of property in Brown county, and, 
acting upon the advice of relatives, he 
purchased one hundred acres of land in 
Lawrence township (the farm our subject 
now resides on), the price paid being three 
thousand dollars. A barn and frame 
house had been erected on the place, but 
otherwise it was totally unimproved, and 
it was several years before it afforded any 
revenue to the family. Being obliged to 
go into debt for the farm, and, being 
anxious to own a home free of incum- 
brance, Mr. Wiese put forth every effort 
to clear the land and create a fertile farm; 
but the hard work soon told upon him, 
and, as a result of exposure, he was 
seized with inflammation of the lungs, 
which carried him off September 5, 1868, 
when he was fifty-one years old. He was 
a member of the Lutheran Church. His 
remains now rest in Lawrence cemetery. 
The death of the father left the widow 
and children with the encumbered prop- 
ert}', but they courageously set to work, 
and, although the task was no small one, 
they proved themselves equal to it. They 
hired a man to assist with the heavier 
work until our subject was fifteen years of 
age, after which he gradually assumed 
charge of affairs; year by year they saw 
the indebtedness diminish, and finally, 
after working together industriously for 
manv years, found themselves owners of 



a well-improved farm, on which a sub- 
stantial residence had been erected. Mrs. 
Wiese died June 15, 1890, a member of 
the Lutheran Church, and was buried in 
Lawrence cemetery. 

Frederick H. Wiese received but a 
limited education, as he had to commence 
work early in life, being the only son, and 
he has always remained on the home farm, 
which he now owns. Being a natural 
mechanic, he has worked at the wagon- 
maker's trade. On October 14, 1890, 
he was married to Miss Ida E. Smith, 
who was born April 27, 1867, in Wrights- 
town township. Brown county, daughter 
of Nicholas and Carolina (Zittlow) Smith, 
early residents of that locality. Mr. 
Wiese has followed general farming and 
stock-raising, also taking an interest in 
the dairy business. He is industrious and 
systematic, and a leader in all movements 
tending to benefit his township and the 
community at large. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and in religious connection he 
and his wife are members of the Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Church at West De Pere. 
They have one child, Alma L. A., born 
July II. 1891. 

AXTMOXV DWYER, one of the 
I lid and highly respected residents 
of Rockland township. Brown 
county, is a native of the Emerald 
Isle, born in May, 1818, in County Tip- 
perary. His parents, Dennis and Johanna 
(Ryan) Dwyer, farming people, who 
passed their entire lives in their native 
Ireland, had a family of si.x children, of 
whom Anthony, the only son. was the 
third in order of birth. 

Our subject was reared to farm life, 
and, when a young man, married Miss 
Johanna Ryan, and while in Ireland they 
had the following children: Johanna, 
Dciuiis, Philip, Michael, Maurice, An- 
thony (i), John and Anthony (2). Of 
these, Johanna is now the wife of M. 
Scandlan, nf ("ir<'cii Hay; Dennis is de- 
ceased; Philip lives in Pound, Wis.; 

Michael is deceased; Maurice lives in 
Lowell, Wash.; Anthony (i) is deceased; 
John lives in Rockland, Wis. ; Anthony 
(2) is deceased. In the spring of 1852 
this family went to Liverpool, and, taking 
passage on an American-bound vessel, 
landed at New York, their first home in 
the New World being in Syracuse, N. Y. , 
where they lived for three and a half 
years, Mr. Dwyer working at anything 
which would bring him an honest dollar. 
Here one child, Anthony (2), died, and 
one, Anthony (3), was born (he is now 
living in Lowell, Wash.). In October, 
1855, they came westward to Wisconsin, 
and for a year had their residence in De- 
Pere, where the father engaged in various 
pursuits, and then in November, 1856, 
came to the present farm in Rockland 
township, purchasing forty acres at $ i . 50 
per acre, and then had to borrow thirty 
dollars to make the first payment. At 
that time there was not a single house 
between the farm and De Pere, and the 
road was only a path through the woods. 
Mr. Dwyer built the first dwelling on the 
place, and then connnenced the work of 
clearing away the forest, the dense growth 
of oak, beech, pine, maple, etc., making 
the task a difficult one; but he was deter- 
mined to succeed, and, after many j'ears 
of hard work, had a fertile, productive 
farm, which yielded him a good income. 
While living in De Pere another son, 
Jeremiah, was born (he is now living 
in Minneapolis, Minn.), and the follow- 
ing named children were born on the 
farm: Patrick, living at home; Mag- 
gie, Mrs. Edward Martin, of Florence, 
Wis.; Mary, deceased; and Katie, living 
at home. The mother was called from 
earth March 26, 1876, and was buried 
in De Pere cemetery, and since her death 
her daughters have had charge of the 
household affairs. Mr. Dwyer has seen 
his present farm transformed from an un- 
broken wilderness into a well-improved 
farm, which represents years of arduous 
toil, this property having all been accumu- 
lated from a commencement of nothing. In 



I 890 his son Patrick bought the farm, and 
Mr. Dwyer now makes his home with 
him, retired from active work. He is a 
Democrat, but has never taken much inter- 
est in politics, having, until recently, given 
his undivided attention to the farm. Of 
his large family of fourteen children, 
eleven are now living, and he has twenty- 
six grandchildren and six great-grand- 

NIELS NELSON, an esteemed cit- 
izen of New Denmark township. 
Brown county, has been identified 
with her agricultural interests for 
the past forty years. He is a native of 
Norway, born March 14, 1823, son of 
Nelson and Anna (Johnson) Nelson, who 
were the parents of two children: Bertha, 
now Mrs. Torkel Johnson, of Denmark, 
and Niels, our subject. The father 
worked in the iron factories of his native 

Niels Nelson lived with his parents 
until he reached the age of about twenty- 
five years, when he was married March 
25, 1847, to Miss Anna Arveson, whose 
parents, Aron Neilson and Mary (Chris- 
terson) Arveson, had children as follows: 
Christian, Neils, Emma and Anna (Mrs. 
Nelson). Immediately after their mar- 
riage Mr. and Mrs. Nelson sailed for 
America, and after a seven-weeks' voyage 
landed in New York City, thence contin- 
uing their journey westward to Buffalo, 
N. Y., and thence to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
where they remained nearly three years, 
Mr. Nelson working as a day laborer. In 
1850 they emigrated to Wisconsin, and in 
New Denmark township. Brown county, 
our subject invested in sixty acres of 
timber-covered land, and, having cleared 
a small space in the woods, erected a 
14x16 log cabin, in which they lived ten 
years, when it was replaced by a more 
modern dwelling. Their supplies were 
all brought from Green Bay, and as Mr. 
Nelson did not own an ox-team until ten 
years after his removal to this place, he 

would walk the entire distance to and 
from that town, carrying his provisions, 
his path for the greater part of the way 
lying through the forest; when he came to 
New Denmark the Manitowoc road was 
the only one leading through the town- 
ship. By diligent toil he has succeeded 
in converting the piece of wild land into a 
comfortable farm, with good improve- 
ments and all necessary outbuildings, and 
he carries on a profitable general farming 
business. Politically our subject is inde- 
pendent, and not active in public affairs; 
in religious faith he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church. They have 
had one child, Nellie. 

of St. Boniface Church, West De- 
Pere, is a native of Holland, born 
October 25, 1844, ^t Oirschot, a 
village of three or four thousand inhab- 
itants in the Province of North Brabant, 
son of Henry Bartholome and Antonia 
Maria (Fockj Smitz, both also natives of 
Holland. The father, who was a physi- 
cian, is now deceased, but the mother is 
still living in Holland at the age of eighty- 
one years. 

Adolph Smitz was educated in the 
lower and higher seminaries of 's Herto- 
genbosch, was ordained priest May 25, 
1872, in the Cathedral of St. John, at that 
place, and was afterward assistant priest 
at Moergestel, at Diessen and at Zeelst 
— all in Holland. On Septembers, 1883, 
he sailed from Amsterdam on the steamer 
" Amsterdam," and landed at Hoboken, 
N. J. (opposite New York City), soon 
afterward coming to Wisconsin. For a 
short time he officiated in the vicinity of 
Green Bay, and on January i, 1884, was 
given charge of St. Boniface Church, 
West De Pere, a position he still fills. 
This church is an offshoot of St. Mary's, 
of East De Pere; the edifice was erected 
in 1883, and, when Father Smitz took 
charge, was composed of little more than 
bare walls, with a room partitioned off at 



the north end for a school, but since he 
assumed charge of affairs here a pleasant 
priests' residence has been built (1885), 
the church edifice plastered, finished and 
furnished (1891), and a commodious 
schoolhouse, containing six rooms, erected 
(1893), the land for both parsonage and 
school having been purchased during 
Father Smitz' administration. The reci- 
tation rooms are 24x30 feet, some of 
them being at present occupied by the 
Sisters for residence purposes. The 
school enrollment in 1894 was 212, for 
both sexes, and 150 families are numbered 
in the prosperous parish of St. Boniface, 
natives chiefly of Holland, Belgium and 
and lower Germany. The corner-stone 
of the schoolbuilding was laid and blessed 
by Bishop Messmer May 14, 1893, and 
the school was blessed by the same bishop 
September 8, in the presance of the Most 
Rev. Francesco Sattoli, Archbishop of 
Lepanto, I. P. I., and apostolic delegate 
to the United States. In February, 1 894, 
the school was made free. On June 29, 
1893, the church was blessed, by permis- 
sion of the Bishop, by Father Martin 
Anderegg, and on the same day he cele- 
brated first mass. St. Boniface church 
edifice is not yet complete, as a sanctuary 
is to be added on the north end, for the 
purpose of enlarging its seating capacity. 
A fine bell, weighing 1,400 pounds, and 
costing three hundred and twenty dollars, 
blessed February 12, 1888, calls the con- 
gregation to worship. 

JOHN SMITH, prominent as an at- 
torney of I)c Pere, Brown county. 
Wis., has been a resident of that city 
for the past twenty-five jears. His 
birth took place in a small village in Zwol- 
gen, in the south of Holland, July 29, i 844. 
His education was acquired in the com- 
mon and military schools of his native 
country, in the army of which he served 
eighteen months, and he also became mas- 
ter of the bricklayer's trade before coming 
to the United States in the earlier part of 

1869. In the summer of that year he 
settled in De Pere, with ten cents in his 
pocket and with an indebtedness of sev- 
enty dollars staring him in the face; but 
he was ambitious and skillful, and steadily 
worked at his trade until 1873, when his 
labors began to lighten. He now became 
interested in insurance and real estate, 
and to devote his spare hours to the study 
of law with his partner, George F. Mer- 
rill, with whom he continued to read until 
1884, when he was admitted to the bar. 
From that date to this he has been in 
constant and active practice, in conjunc- 
tion with his insurance and real-estate 
business. He is the sole agent at De Pere 
for the sale of steamship passenger tickets 
to and from the old country for several 
trans-Atlantic steamship lines. He also 
has a Catholic book, stationery and toy 
store, which is in charge of his daughter 
Jennie, and he has proved himself to be a 
shrewd and self-reliant business man. He 
is now the owner of a large body of real 
estate in the city, and has several build- 
ings, including the brick block in which he 
has his office and store. 

Mr. Smith was married, one year after 
settling in De Pere, to Miss Kate Minor- 
ette, also a native of Holland, who has 
borne him thirteen children, nine of whom 
are living, named as follows: Carrie, 
Jennie, Christian, Edward, Herbert, Frank, 
Charles, William and Fredrick, all resid- 
ing under the paternal roof, excepting 
Carrie, who is married. In politics Mr. 
Smith is a Democrat, and for eleven jears 
has served as school commissioner; he has 
also served as mayor of De Pere two 
terms, as alderman several times, and is 
now filling his fourth term as city attorney. 
He is strictly a self-made man, and enjoys 
to the full the confidence of the public. 

L i:\VIS KNUTH, a justice of the 
peace, town clerk and chairman of 
the town of Wrightsville, Brown 
county, was born at De Pere, 
Brown Co., Wis.. February 22, 1863. 


His father, George Knuth, was born 
October lo, 1814, in Grondenz, in west 
Prussia, and was there married to Cathe- 
rine Jaddaz, daughter of a prominent citi- 
zen of the place. In 1859 they came to 
the United States with their five children, 
first locating in the town of Maple Grove, 
Manitowoc Co., Wis., whence they moved 
to De Pere, where Mr. Knuth filled various 
positions, but was never a man to seek 
public office. In 1 870 he settled in 
Wrightstown, where he made farming his 
principal occupation until his death, which 
occurred October 26, 1877, his widow sur- 
viving until February 13, 1893. 

Lewis Knuth was educated at De Pere, 
and at the little log schoolhouse of 
Wrightstown. At the age of eighteen 
years he entered the store of the well- 
known firm of Mueller & Spuhler as 
clerk, and this position he retained about 
eight years. On May 13, 1887, he mar- 
ried Miss Pauline Fieck, daughter of 
Charles Fieck, a prominent farmer of 
Morrison township. Brown county, and 
the same spring he was elected to the of- 
fice of town clerk, and two years later to 
that of justice of the peace. The former 
office he has filled so well that his fellow 
citizens have retained him in it for five 
consecutive years, and he also continues 
to hold the office of justice of the peace, 
for which he has proved himself equally 
well qualified. He is also chairman of 
the town. A man of energy and of liberal 
views, he has risen to a high position in 
the estimation of his fellow townsmen, as 
is fully proven by his popularity at the 
polls. Four children make his home happy 
— two sons and two daughters, named 
respectively, Elma. William, Laura and 

of Scotia, whose suggestive motto, 
"Nemo me ivtpune laces sit" em- 
blazons every Scottish battle-torn 
banner, are to be found the wide world 
over, occupying, many of them, exalted 

positions in every sphere of life — in liter- 
ature, arts and sciences, no less than in 
the several professions — civil and mili- 
tary; foremost in war, first in peace. 

The subject of this memoir is a native 
of Glasgow, Scotland, born December 10, 
1858, of time-honored ancestry. His 
Grandfather McCunn was a sea-faring 
man, and was drowned off the wild and 
rugged coast of Scotland while acting as 
pilot on a vessel. His son, James, father 
of our subject, was born at Gourock, 
Lanarkshire, Scotland, and learned the 
trade of carpenter and joiner, which he 
successfully followed many years, in the 
latter days of his life conducting a grocery 
business; but, when he was only thirty-six 
years old, death intervened and deprived 
his wife of a loving husband, and their 
four " weanies " of a devoted father. He 
was a man of more than ordinary intelli- 
gence, and of considerable enterprise, up- 
right and conscientious, and a consistent 
member of the Presbyterian Church. His 
widow, Mrs. Janet McCunn, who was a 
daughter of John and Mary (Kirkwood) 
Niven, natives of Paisley, Scotland, 
having decided, in her widowhood, to 
come to America with her little family, 
set out by the S. S. "St. David" of the 
Allan line, in April, 1870 (our sub- 
ject being then about eleven 3'ears old), 
arriving at Point Levi, opposite Quebec, 
Canada, on May 6. From there they 
came direct to Wisconsin, making their 
first home in the Western World in Port- 
age county, whither James McCunn, the 
oldest son (now a farmer in that county), 
had preceded them. 

John N. McCunn had received some 
elementary education in Glasgow, and 
after coming to Wisconsin he attended 
district school, also the high school at 
Waupaca, afterward teaching for a season 
or so, at the same time keeping up his 
studies. In 1882 he entered Milton Col- 
lege, intending to take a full collegiate 
course; but impaired health prevented his 
completing it. During the summer of 
1883 he visited his old home in Scotland, 


THE ri£W Vuf;K 




and on his return to Wisconsin he re- 
sumed his studies, and again taught school, 
after which he became general agent for 
"Johnston's Encyclopedia," his territory 
covering all northern Wisconsin, while his 
headquarters were at Green Bay. In 
1887 he bought a half interest in the 
Green Bay Business College, and before 
the expiry of a year he had complete con- 
trol of the institution, to which he was 
now enabled to give his exclusive atten- 
tion. After taking charge he made a 
complete change in the general economy 
of the college, among other innovations 
having added a Shorthand department, 
and in the spring of 1888 furnished the 
rooms with new fixtures, etc. In the spring 
of 1893 Prof. McCunn erected the largest 
and most expensive college building in the 
State, exclusively for a Business College; 
it is a three-story structure, built of red 
pressed brick, having brown sandstone 
facings, the entrance being adorned with 
polished granite columns, basement being 
of limestone. The entire building is 
heated with steam and lighted with elec- 
tricity — in fact the Green Bay Business 
College is the most thoroughly .equipped 
institution of the kind in the West, and, 
as a whole, is well worthy of the pride of 
that ambitious cit\'. 

In 1884, after his return from his 
visit to Scotland, above alluded to. Prof. 
John N. McCunn was married in \\'au- 
paca to Miss Florence Ida Pipe, a native 
of Waupaca county. Wis., and daughter 
of Thomas Pipe, ex-mayor of Waupaca, 
an honored pioneer and business man. 
To this union were born three children: 
Ethel May, Florence Verna, and Walter 
Thomas. The mother of these passed 
from earth January 10, 1S89, and in Oc- 
tober, 1890, our subject married Miss 
Ada Montgomery, daughter of John Mont- 
gomery, an extensive farmer of Washing- 
ton county. Petm., where she was born. 
She was educated at the ladies' seminary 
in Washington, IVnn., after which she 
taught school in her native county and in 
the Green Bay Business College one year. 

By this second marriage of the Professor 
there is one child now living, Harold 

Prof. McCunn has been an active and 
useful citizen of Green Bay ever since 
coming to the place, and has closely 
identified himself with its civic affairs, at 
the present time serving as a member of 
the city council. Socially he is a mem- 
ber of the Business Men's Association, 
Royal Arcanum, B. P. O. E., and K. of 
P., in which latter order he was installed! 
chancellor commander in January, 1894. 
Politically he is a Republican, his first 
Presidential vote having been cast for 
Garfield. Green Bay owes much to just 
such enterprising young men as the sub- 
ject of this sketch, who has brought his 
young and active life to aid in forming 
the nucleus around which, in time, will 
cluster the metropolis of northeastern 
Wisconsin. In the building up of his 
Business College, alone, he has been the 
means of bringing to Green Bay many 
enterprising young people, who are bene- 
fited by the example set them by their 
upright principal. 

HENRY RHODE, M. 1)., one oi 
the oldest and most experienced 
]5hysicians and surgeons of Green 
Bay, was born in Hanover, Ger- 
many, in 1 829, a son of Henry and 
Catherine (Beil) Rhode. He was edu- 
cated at the Gynmasium at Heiligcnstadt, 
Prussia, and studied medicine at the Uni- 
versity of Goettingen, Hanover, from 
which he graduated in 1850, and then en- 
tered the Prussian army as surgeon, serv- 
ing until 1854. 

In that year he and his wife came to 
America and located in Toledo, Ohio, 
where his father and mother and two 
sisters died of cholera the same year; the\ 
had immigrated to America in 1849. .After 
a brief practice in Toledo, the Doctor 
moved to Chilton, Wis., in 1856; thence 
went to Manitowoc, and in 1859 came to 
Green Bay, where he has ever since been 



in active practice. He has achieved a 
fine reputation professionally. He is a 
member of the Fox River Valley Medical 
Society, also of the Brown County Medi- 
cal Society, and is likewise a censor. 

Dr. Rhode has been twice married: 
first time in Germany, in 1852, to Chris- 
tina Engelhardt, who died in Toledo, 
Ohio, in 1856, two years after the death 
of his parents and two sisters. His sec- 
ond marriage took place in Green Bay, 
"Wis. , in 1 860, to Miss Mary Eva Becker, 
a native of Prusssia and a daughter of 
Bartholmaus and Eva Becker, who were 
early settlers of Milwaukee, the former of 
whom died in Milwaukee in 1853, the lat- 
ter in Green Bay in 1886. To the Doc- 
tor and his wife were born eight children, 
of whom seven are living, as follows: 
Kunigunda, wife of Felix Johannes; Caro- 
line Matilda, wife of H. E. Bacon, Jr. ; 
Katie, now Mrs. E. A. Beaumont; Ottilie, 
wife of Winford Abrams; Ida; Henry P., 
who graduated from the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, of Chicago, 111., and 
located at Forest Junction, Wis., in 1894, 
and Richard A. In politics Dr. Rhode 
is a Democrat, is serving his second term 
as a member of the board of Pension 
Examiners, and has been county physi- 
cian three terms. He and his wife are 
members of the Catholic Church, and 
their consistent Christian walk in life has 
gained for them the respect of all their 

successful farmer of New Den- 
mark township. Brown county, 
was born February 6, 1851, in 
Langeland, Denmark, son of Rasmus 
and Anna (Peterson) Andersen, natives of 
the same place, the latter of whom was a 
daughter of Peter Christensen. 

Anders Christensen, paternal grand- 
father of our subject, had a family of six 
children, namely: Christ, Rasmus, Hans, 
Mary Ann, Nels, and Frederick. Rasmus 
Andersen followed the wagon-maker's 

trade, which he had learned from his 
father, and which he in turn taught to his 
son, our subject, who followed it about 
two years in the old countr)'. Seven 
children were born to Rasmus as follows: 
Anna, Matilda, Hans Peter, Andrew, Car- 
oline, Mary Ann, and Christiana, all of 
whom are now in this country ; two of the 
daughters, Mrs. Rasmus Nelson and Mrs. 
Rasmus Rasmussen, are residents of New 
Denmark, Brown county. In the spring 
of 1867 the family left Denmark and 
landed in New York after a three-weeks' 
voyage, coming directly from that city to 
New Denmark township. Brown county. 
Wis. , where they invested in sixty acres 
of land, partly cleared. A log house 
standing on this place was their home for 
six years, when it was replaced by the 
modern frame dwelling in which our sub- 
ject now lives, and here the parents passed 
the remainder of their lives, the father 
passing from earth August 13, 1890, the 
mother May 24, 1891. Their remains 
were interred in New Denmark cemetery, 
where a monument now marks their last 

Hans Peter Andersen remained at 
home with his parents until he was about 
twenty-one years of age, when he engaged 
in carpentering, continuing at same for 
five years. At the end of that time, in 
1877, he bought the home farm, where 
he had been thoroughly trained to agri- 
cultural pursuits, his father having in his 
day been one of the most successful farm- 
ers of the township. On April 10, 1880, 
our subject was married to Miss Mina 
Nelson, daughter of Niels Peter and Maria 
(Peterson) Nelson, the latter of whom, a na- 
tive of Denmark, married, for her first hus- 
band, James Anderson, and after his de- 
cease was wedded to Niels Peter Nelson. 
The union of Mr. and Mrs. Andersen has 
been blessed with three children, as fol- 
lows: Mary, born December 19, 1880; 
Alfred, born April 3, 1884, and Agnes, 
born February 21, 1887. During his 
youth our subject had verj- meager op- 
portunities for obtaining an education, 



but he has acquired a practical business 
training, and by good management has 
made a success of his chosen vocation, 
now owning 138 acres of good land, well 
improved and highly cultivated. A stanch 
Republican in politics, he takes great in- 
terest in the success of his party, and, 
though not an aspirant for office, has served 
his township as school clerk six years and 
supervisor two years; also was treasurer 
of the New Denmark Mutual Home Fire 
Insurance Company eight years. In re- 
ligious connection he and his wife are 
members of the Lutheran Church, in 
which he has been an officer for the past 
fifteen years, serving as trustee, treasurer, 
secretary, and deacon. 


ARTIN VAN ABEL. This lead- 
ing representative farmer citizen 
and prosperous merchant of Hol- 
land township. Brown county, is 
a living link between the pioneer days of 
half a century ago and the present ad- 
vanced period in the history of Wiscon- 
sin. With axe in hand he felled the first 
tree on the spot where is now his elegant 
home, and his eyes have beheld the trans- 
formation of impenetrable forests into 
bright fields of golden grain and luxuriant 
meadows, fragrant with the |)crfuine of 
honey-bearing clo\er. 

Mr. Van Abel is a native of Holland, 
born February 13, 1827, a son of Andrew 
Van Abel, a farmer in comfortable cir- 
cumstances in that world-renowned dairy- 
land, and who was the parent of five chil- 
dren that lived to adult age, of whom 
three are yet living, viz. : William, in 
Holland township. Brown Co., Wis.; 
I'-llen, living with our subject; and Mar- 
tin. The father of these died in 1 844, 
the mother, whose maiden name was 
Mary Kenipcn, passing away in 1863. 
They came witii some of their children 
to Wisconsin in 1851, three years after 
Martin's emigration. 

Martin \'an Abel received a fair edu- 
cation at the public schools of his native 

land until thirteen years of age, when he 
went to work on a farm, and so continued 
till his emigration to the United States, 
which event took place when he was 
twenty-one years old. Having been 
drafted into the Dutch army, he con- 
cluded the best way to avoid service 
would be to "take French leave," and 
emigrate. Accordingly, on the good ship 
" Liberia," bound from Amsterdam for the 
United States, he, in the spring of 1848, 
set sail from his native land, arriving, after 
a voyage of fifty-four days, at Boston. 
Thence traveling westward via Buffalo 
(where he took passage on the ' ' Old 
Michigan"), he landed in Green Bay May 
10, same year. From there he came to 
what is now Holland township, in com- 
pany with the following named, who were 
among the first settlers of the village of 
Holland : William Kempen, Henry Van- 
dehe}', Henry Hovener, Henry Gerrits, 
Martin Ver Kuile, Albert Vandenberg, 
John Arts, George Vanden Heuvel, and 
John Verboort. At this time the land was 
all new and uncleared,, in fact, in its 
primeval condition, totally untouched by 
the hand of man, and here they decided 
to form a purely Dutch colony. In order 
that they might not only converse in their 
mother tongue, but also worship as they 
did in their far-away native land, they 
brought with them their own pastor. Rev. 
Godiiart. The party came by way of 
Wrightstown, and from there continued 
their journey by teams, in the direction 
of their destination ; but at the end of 
three miles they found themselves con- 
fronted with an impenetrable forest, de- 
fying farther progress with anything in the 
shape of horse and wagon; consequently 
the teams were left behind, and all the 
goods and chattels carried through the 
woods on the backs of the innnigrant 
colonists. Arrived at last at their goal, 
they made their tirst settli-mcnt on a piece 
of land now owneti by Martin Van Abel. 
Shanties or huts were liurriedly built of 
bark stripped from the basswooil tree, and 
for ;i long time this was their only siielter. 



Each member of this party took np land 
for his own account. 

During the first year Martin \'an Abel, 
being young and strong, worked for some 
of the others who had families, and as 
there were no roads of any kind, bound- 
aries, farms or fences, he found plenty 
to do at chopping down the giants of the 
forest, and out of the hewn logs building 
dwellings of a more substantial nature. 
The first land purchased by Mr. Van Abel 
was forty acres, all timber-covered, in 
Calumet county, one-half mile from the 
village of Holland, for which land he paid 
ten shillings per acre, and here he cut the 
first tree that ever fell to axe on the 
place, all the preliminary improvements 
on the place being made by his own 
hand; and, as there was no means of re- 
moving the trees as they fell, huge lion- 
fires were made, \\hich consumed many a 
thousand feet of valuable timber. About 
1862 our subject removed to Section 35, 
Holland township, where for one year he 
lived on rented land, then in Section 34 
he bought the tweh'e acres whereon is 
now his home. 

But Mr. Van Abel, since coming to 
Holland township, has been more inter- 
ested in mercantile pursuits than in farm- 
ing. Shortly after his arrival in the vil- 
lage of Holland, in partnership with his 
brother-in-law, John Wassenberg, he 
opened out a mercantile business, con- 
ducted by them two years, at the end of 
which time our subject bought out his part- 
ner and afterward carried on the store alone 
until 1880. In that year fire destroyed 
his store and stock in trade, causing him 
great loss, as he had but little insurance. 
Nothing daunted, however, he rebuilt at 
once, bought a fresh stock, later adding 
thereto a saloon business, aU of which he 
has since conducted with eminent success, 
the growth of his trade necessitating the 
enlargement of his premises from time 
to time, until now he owns quite a com- 
modious establishment. To his land he 
has, by purchases at different periods, 
added until now he has i 30 acres. 

In October, 1861, Mr. Van Abel was 
married, in Holland township, to Miss 
Ellen Wassenberg, a native of Holland, 
born May 16, 1842, a daughter of William 
W^assenberg, who came to the United 
States with his family in 185 1 on the 
same boat in which the mother of our sub- 
ject and others of the family crossed the 
Atlantic. To this union came children 
as follows : Born in Calumet county — 
John, now a farmer of Holland township; 
born in the village of Holland — Mary, 
now the wife of Theodore Broeren, of 
Portland, Oregon ; Hattie, Mrs. Henry 
Van Deuren, of Green Bay; William (i), 
deceased at the age of two years; Minnie, 
one of the Sisters of St. Francis, in Mani- 
towoc, Wis. ; Michael M., at home; Henry 
H. , a graduate of Green Bay Business 
College ; Lizzie, who died young; Annie, 
William (2), and Anton, all three at 
home; Bardene, deceased; and Albert, at 
home. Mr. and Mrs. Van Abel and fam- 
ily are prominent members of St. Francis 
Church, at Holland. Politically he has 
alwa_\'s been a stanch Democrat, and has 
served as supervisor, although he has 
never sought office, his many private in- 
terests demanding and receiving all his 
time and attention. 

Mr. Van Abel is one of the four yet 
living of the original party of pioneers 
who came into the Holland settlement in 
1 848 — nearly half a century ago — during 
which long period he has witnessed mar- 
velous changes and experienced hardships 
unknown to and not readily realized by 
the present commercial generation. He 
is a living type of the progressive man, 
who from boyhood, with but little educa- 
tion and no knowledge of the English 
language, essays to build up a home and 
reputation in the wilds of a new part of a 
new country, and succeeds by his own 
brawny muscle and indomitable will 
power. He was confronted with the 
stern forest, and he subdued it ; he en- 
countered innumerable difficulties, and he 
overcame them; he met with ruinous ad- 
versity, but Phccnix-like, he built up bet- 



ter and higher. He and his amiable wife 
had a large famil\- to rear, and they 
brought them up nobly in the backwoods, 
educating them as well as if they had 
lived in the finest city, and taught them 
to know and to live up to the knowledge 
that they are worthy children of worthy 
pioneer parents, respected everywhere. 

FRANK FROSCH, the postmaster 
of Wayside, Morrison township. 
Brown county, and a prosperous 
merchant, is a son of George 
Frosch (a rope-maker), a native of Baden, 
Germany, born April 23, 181 7, son of 
Alexander Frosch, a merchant and also a 

George Frosch also served, under the 
military laws of his country, as a soldier 
for three years, and therefore became a 
free citizen. At the age of twenty-six he 
had accumulated some means by hard 
work, and determined then to come to 
the United States. Embarking at Havre, 
France, he reached New York City after 
a passage of forty days, and thence went 
to Rochester, N. Y. , where, even at his 
age, he began to learn coopering, at that 
time a very lucrative trade. A year or 
two later he moved to Ohio, worked at 
the same trade a short time, and then 
came to Wisconsin, landing at Milwaukee; 
here he worked at coopering a year or 
more, and then went to Cedarburg, Ozau- 
kee county, where he was employed as 
clerk by a Mr. Honnafcr, ])r<)prictor of the 
"Washington House." It was there that 
he met, and married, on April 6, 1853, 
Elizabeth Hangen, who was born March 
17, 1831, in the village of Sprendlingen, 
Province of Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, 
a daughter of Jacob and Catherine (Bal- 
ser) Hangen, who came to the United 
States in 1843. To the marriage of Mr. 
Frosch was born, January 20, 1854, one 
child, Frank. Late in the fall of 1856, 
n']in(|uishing coopering at Cedarburg, 
which trade he had followed since iiis 
marriagi', Mr. I'-msch moved U> Moniscm 

township. Brown county, and settled on 
forty acres of land he had previously 
bargained for in Section 18, S. E. The 
land was new, with only a few trees felled 
around a shanty built by the former owner. 
No roads were in the neighborhood, ex- 
cepting a foot-path that led to the shanty. 
Bear and deer were plenty, with other 
wild game, and wolves were yet to be 
found to make night hideous with their 
howling. Mr. Frosch erected a small 
workshop on his place, and made quite a 
comfortable living for his family. On 
this tract, on November 18, 1S67, was 
born the second son, George. A few 
years later Mr. George Frosch bought 
eighty acres in Section 17, opposite his 
first purchase, owning eventually 124 
acres, which he converted into an excel- 
lent farm. About 1 890 he retired to 
Wayside, where his death occurred Febru- 
ary 24, 1892, after one week's illness 
from la "grippe." He was a sincere Lu- 
theran in his religious faith, and in poli- 
tics was a Democrat, but did not aspire 
to public office. Mr. Frosch led a virtu- 
ous and industrious life, one worthy the 
study of the rising generation. He in- 
herited nothing to give him a start, and 
yet died a comparatively wealthy man. 
He came to America with but a few hard- 
earned dollars in his possession; finally 
settled in a wilderness, which he made to 
" blossom like the rose;" worked at a trade, 
which, in his day, was unaided by the 
machinery of the present day, but all 
done by manual labor; won the respect of 
all who knew him, and left to his progeny 
sufficient for an honorable beginning of 
their chosen callings. His estimable 
widow, a member of the Lutheran Church, 
is now residing with her son George. 
That she has always been an invaluable 
and earnest helpmeet to her honored 
husband it is superfluous to add. 

Frank Frosch was hardly three years 
of age when he was brought to Morrison 
township by his parents. In this wilder- 
ness he was reared on the farm and in- 
iMfd to all the hardships of a jiioneer life. 



His education was acquired at the district 
school, and was sufficient for ail the pur- 
poses of a hardy but intelhgent farmer. 
At the age of twenty-one he went to De- 
Pere and engaged in business with Jacob 
Falck, thus increasing his store of knowl- 
edge. In a short time, however, he re- 
turned to Wayside, and purchased the 
general store of Peter Axen, which was 
then, in 1876, a small affair, but now, 
under Mr. Frosch's management, has 
become one of the most thriving and 
largest business houses of the town. Mr. 
Frosch was united in marriage, March 22, 
1876, at De Pere, with Miss Elizabeth 
Beattie, a native of that city, and the 
children born to this marriage are as fol- 
lows: Raymond G., Frank H., Estella 
A., and Cora E. In politics Mr. Frosch 
is a Democrat; he was the first postmas- 
ter at Wayside, and has so efficiently per- 
formed the duties of the position that he 
has held the office through all the admin- 
istrations ever since; he has also been 
township treasurer for the past two years. 
His business interests have grown apace, 
and in 1892 he took into partnership his 
brother, George, the firm now standing as 
Frosch Bros. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Frosch 
are members of the Lutheran Church, and 
are highly respected in the social circles 
of Wayside and the entire township of 

ANDREW HIBBERD, a resident 
of Rockland township, Brown 
count}', was born August 8, 1846, 
in the State of Vermont, son of 
Lawrence and Julia (Hall) Hibberd, both 
of whom were natives of Canada. 

Lawrence Hibberd removed with his 
parents to New York State when but a 
child, and resided near Plattsburg for a 
number of years. He was a shoemaker 
by trade. In Canada he was married to 
Miss Julia Hall, and they had a family of 
eight children — six sons and two daugh- 
ters — as follows: Lawrence, of Nebraska; 
Charles, John, and Silas, all residents of 

Rockland; Edmund, of Glenmore; An- 
drew, our subject; Angeline, Mrs. Frank 
Gennette, of Dixon, 111. ; and Mary, who 
died in 1894 (she was first married to 
Oliver D. Colburn, and subsequently to 
John Provost, of Fond du lac. Wis., who 
preceded her to the grave). Of these, 
Andrew and Angeline were born in the 
United States, the others in Canada. The 
father died in 1 851 in New York, and 
was buried in Plattsburg cemetery. The 
widowed mother and children continued 
to reside near Plattsburg until 1855, when 
they came westward to De Pere, Wis. , jour- 
neying via Toronto, Canada, to Green Bay, 
where they landed November i, 1855, and, 
arriving in De Pere a few days later, rented 
a house there for a time. The sons who 
were able to work found employment in 
the logging camps then so numerous in 
Brown county, and thus assisted in sup- 
porting the family. In the spring of 1857 
they removed to Rockland township on a 
tract of forty acres in Section 9, for which 
they paid $335, going into debt for the 
amount. They built the first house on 
the place, which was still uncleared and in 
a primitive condition, and commenced the 
work of clearing, a difficult task with the 
few rude implements they had to work 
with; and, as the land did not yield enough 
to support the family for the first few 
years, the boys found work with the neigh- 
boring farmers. The mother lived on 
this farm until her death, which occurred 
November 8, 1880, when she was seventy- 
two years of age; her remains now rest in 
De Pere cemetery. In religious faith she 
was a member oi St. Francis Church, 
De Pere. 

Andrew Hibberd received in his youth 
but limited educational advantages, being 
obliged, after the settlement of the family 
in Rockland township, to assist with the 
work on the home place. He was reared 
amid all the hardships of pioneer farm 
life, and w-as also thoroughly initiated into 
the logging business, which he followed to 
some extent. He lived at home until 
December 28, 1861, when he enlisted, at 



De Pere, in Company F, Fourteenth 
Wis. V. I., and was sent with his com- 
mand to Fond du Lac, thence to St. 
Louis, and thence to Tennessee, where 
he first saw active service in the engage- 
ments at Pittsburg Landing; then, with 
the Western army, followed the engage- 
ments at Corinth, Holly Springs, luka and 
Vicksburg, where he was discharged De- 
cember 28, 1863, on account of disability 
resulting from exposure; he was wounded 
in the foot at the battle of Corinth. Re- 
turning to Brown county, he shipped, the 
the following spring, with Capt. Campbell 
on the brig • ' Oleander, " of Buffalo, serv- 
ing for a time before the mast and later 
as second mate, thus continuing until the 
end of the season. On November 20, 
1864, he enlisted, at Chicago, in the 
Ninth 111. V. C, joined his command at 
Nashville, Tenn., and during his second 
term of service participated in the second 
fight at Nashville, thence going to Tupelo 
(reek, where they had six weeks of hard 
fighting. They then crossed to Eastport 
in pursuit of Hood, and after continuing 
the chase for some time returned to East- 
port on garrison duty and general recruit. 
They were next engaged in destroying 
local gun manufactories in northern Ala- 
bama, and later went to Decatur and 
Montgomery, where our subject received 
his ilischarge, and, returning to Brown 
(■(junty in November, 1865, continued to 
live on the homestead until his marriage. 
On November 13, 1869, at De Pere, 
Mr. Hibberd wedded Miss Philomine 
Floury, who was born June 13, 1852, in 
I'rancis Creek, Manitowoc county, daugh- 
ter of Louis and Margaret (Boprey) 
Floury, the former of whom was a native 
of Canada. At the time of his marriage 
Mr. Hibberd purchased forty acres of land 
in Section 9, adjoining the home farm on 
the north, and he and his wife commenced 
honsekeeping in an old log house which is 
still standing. Only about half of this 
tract was cleared, all the improvements 
which have since been made on the place 
have been placed there by Mr. Hibberd 

or under his direction; he has also added 
forty acres to the original farm, making a 
comfortable place of eighty acres, well 
equipped with buildings, etc. Our sub- 
ject and wife had children as follows: 
Andrew, Jr., Hattie J., Frank E., Wil- 
liam E., Lavina M., Ida E. (deceased in 
infancy), and Louis L. Politically Mr. 
Hibberd is one of the leaders of the Re- 
publican part}' in his township; in relig- 
ious connection he and his family are 
members of St. Joseph's Church, De 


ARTIN CURRAN, who is a 
thrifty and prosperous farmer of 
Glenmore township. Brown 
county, was born, in 1822, in 
County Kerry, Ireland, son of Cornelius, 
(a farmer) and Mary (Kennedy) Curran, 
who had a family of six children — four 
sons and two daughters — of whom Martin 
is the third son and the fourth child in 
order of birth. 

Our subject received a meager educa- 
tion in the schools of his native country, 
and was reared to farming, living at home 
with his parents. In the spring of 1847 
he determined to seek his fortune in the 
United States, and accordingly took pas- 
sage at Limerick on the sailing-vessel 
"Souvenir," bound for Quebec, where 
he landed after a voyage of eighteen days, 
a stranger in a strange land, and with but 
twelve shillings in his pocket. But he 
was young and strong and willing to work, 
and for several days was employed around 
the docks, unloading vessels. He then 
came to Burlington, Vt., and thence to 
the village of Sharon, where he secured 
work as a laborer on a railroad, remain- 
ing there one season, and here he received 
the first twenty dollars he ever earned, 
which was at once sent home to his 
mother. He continued to do railroad 
work, at various places, in Bellows I'alls, 
(Vt.), New Hampshire. Springfii-ld (Ohio), 
and Columbus fOhiot. i where he worked 
several years on the C. C. C. & I. rail- 



road, which was then in course of con- 
struction), and managed to save a httle. 
At that time land was cheap in northern 
Wisconsin, and Mr. Curran migrated 
to this then new State, coming by rail 
and water to Green Bay, and thence to 
Kaukauna, where he worked one summer. 
The preceding fall (1853) he had in- 
vested in 1 10 acres of land in Section 6, 
Glenmore township, on which not a tree 
had been felled, or an improvement of any 
kind made. He commenced to clear 
it during the winter, doing the best he 
could, in the meantime making his home 
with his brother-in-law, Thomas Sullivan. 
The entire surrounding country was yet 
in its primitive state; wild animals were 
still numerous; there were no roads to the 
farm, the nearest highway being the Dixon 
road, which led east from De Pere. The 
task of clearing was a difficult one, and 
proceeded slowh', for the pioneers had 
but a few rude tools to work with. A 
few years later a log house was erected 
on the place, and it still stands on the 
original site, but Mr. Curran did not make 
a permanent residence on his land until 
after his marriage. 

In 1857 he married, in Green Bay, 
Miss Mary Donahue, who was born, in 
1833, in County Kerry, Ireland, a daugh- 
ter of Timothy Donahue, who came to 
the United States when Mary was a child, 
and the family resided in Massachusetts 
until a few years before her marriage, 
when they came to Wisconsin. Mr. and 
Mrs. Curran moved to the farm shortly 
after their marriage, and here they have 
ever since remained. He has spent his 
best years clearing, improving and culti- 
vating this land, and, with each succeed- 
ing season, the farm has become more and 
more productive, }'ielding a better income. 
Since his settlement here he has devoted 
himself to farming exclusively, and, by 
hard work and good management, has 
succeeded in carving a fine property from 
the sombre forest. Our subject has won the 
esteem of all who have come in contact 
with him for his integritN' and upright 

dealing, and he is well and favorably 
known among the citizens of Glenmore, 
where the entire family are held in the 
highest respect. Politically he is a Dem- 
ocrat, but has never given any of his 
time to party affairs, preferring to attend 
strictly to business. In religious con- 
nection the family are members of St. 
Francis Church, De Pere. 

Mr. and Mrs. Curran had ten children, 
all born on the farm, as follows: Mary 
(Mrs. Edward Keegan) and Ellen (Mrs. 
Robert Miers), both of Milwaukee; Cor- 
nelius, of Medford, Wis. ; Thomas and 
Catherine, at home; Daniel M., a machin- 
ist, of Milwaukee; Margaret A. and 
Timothy, at home^ Patrick, deceased at 
the age of nineteen years; and Julia, de- 
ceased when a year and a half old. In 
March, 1865, our subject, enlisted at 
Green Ba\', in Company F, Fiftieth Regi- 
ment Wis. V. I. ; was sent to Madison, 
thence to St. Louis, and for a time was 
engaged in scouting and on guard duty 
through northern Missouri. He was next 
located at Fort Leavenworth and Fort 
Rice, and in May, 1866, was discharged 
at Madison, returning home immediately. 

one of the wealthiest, as well as 
one of the most highly respected 
and prominent citizens of Preble 
township. Brown county, is a native of 
England, born January 30, 1841, in the 
town of Bolinbroke, Lincolnshire. 

His father, John Enderby, a native of 
the same county, was a laborer and small 
farmer, industrious and honest, but not 
overburdened with an overshare of this 
world's goods. He married Eliza Sheriff, 
and, after the birth of our subject, con- 
cluded to come to the United States, here 
to select a new home for the family, and 
at the same time endeavor to find his 
wife's brother, Robert Sheriff, who was 
supposed to be somewhere in Wisconsin, 
near Green Bay. Accordingly, leaving 
his wife and young son in England, he 

~^. /f . ^^^.u-^^^^AMy 






took passaj^e in December, 1852, for the 
United States, landing after a six-weeks' 
voyage at New York. On his way west- 
ward from there he was taken sick at 
Amsterdam, N. J., necessitating his con- 
finement to hospital some six or eight 
weeks, and on recovery proceeded on his 
journey, traveling by rail and boat to 
Milwaukee, . from which point, although 
still unwell and feeble, he walked to 
Green Bay, leaving, in Milwaukee, his 
trunk, which he never saw or heard of 
again. Arrived in Green Bay, he en- 
quired of John Day as to the whereabouts 
of Robert Sheriff, and learned that he was 
conducting a farm in Freedom township, 
Outagamie county. Thither Mr. En- 
derby went, and, renting a farm, sent 
home to England for his wife and son, 
who sailed October 16, 1853, from Liver- 
pool on the ship " Continental," onboard 
of which were over one thousand Irish 
emigrants (in eleven days 1,024 died of 
cholera I. In tu'enty-six days the wife 
and son huuled in New York, and their 
passage to Buffalo being prepaid, started 
to continue their journey; but through 
some rascality or glaring mistake they 
were made to pay their fare over again, 
which, however, was ultimately repaid, as 
well as damages incurred, legal proceed- 
ings having been commenced. On their 
arrival at Sheboygan, Wis. , they found 
that, navigation having closed for the sea- 
son, the boat they had come on would 
proceed no further, which was most per- 
plexing to Mrs. Enderby, as her money 
was completely exhausted, and she and 
her little boy were utter strangers in a 
strange land. In Sheboygan they went 
to a boarding-house, where the mother 
worked for her board, the son helping 
around the barn; and, as soon as sleighing 
set in. the way-worn, weary travelers, leav- 
ing their trunks as security for transpor- 
tation to Green Bay, set out for tht'ir des- 
tination by sleigh, via Fond du Lac. ar- 
riving at Green Bay in January. 1854, 
whcTc John Day assisted them to reach 
their fnlurc home in I'rcedom township. 

Outagamie county, a niece of which said 
John Day, to use our subject's own words, 
"by some unknown mystery became my 
wife. " 

On this farm they lived two years, and 
then Mr. Enderby pre-empted eighty acres 
of land, to which the family moved and 
thereon lived a year, their first habitation 
being a log shanty, and the nearest market 
town. Green Bay, distant some eighteen 
miles. In 1857 they removed to the 
farm of eighty acres in Preble township. 
Brown county, which Mr. Enderby had 
purchased, going in debt $1,800, retain- 
ing, however, the property in Outagamie 
county. For one year, or until 1858, 
they made their home on this new farm, 
but, owing to the financial depression of 
that year, the place was lost to them, and 
for the next two years they had to rent it. 
In the fall of i860 Mr. Enderby purchased 
sixty acres, also in Preble township, the 
farm our subject now owns, at that time 
totally unimproved, with no building 
thereon of any kind; consequently for 
three years the family made their home 
on an adjoining forty-acre farm, then 
coming to their own place, where a dwell- 
ing and some outhouses had been put up, 
many other improvements also being 
made. Here the father died September 
5, 1870, the mother on May 4. 1874, aged 
fifty-six and sixty years respectively, and 
they sleep their last sleep in Green Bay 
cemetery. They were members of the 
PZpiscopal Church, and in politics Mr. 
Enderby was a stanch Democrat. 

W. R. Enderby, the subject proper of 
this memoir, was a boy of about twelve 
summers when he accompanied his mother 
on the tedious journey from England to 
Wisconsin, and at the country winter 
schools of that period he received but a 
limited education. At the age of fifteen 
he began to work in the lumber camps, 
saving his earnings, which went toward 
paying for his father's land, thereby being 
of great service to his parents, and (with 
the exception of the tim(> passed in the 
army'), he so continued until his marriage, 



employing himself one entire winter mak- 
ing rails to fence the farm with. 

On October 19, 1861, Mr. Enderby 
enlisted in Company H, Twelfth Wis. V. 
I., three-years' service, and was honor- 
ably discharged at Natchez, Miss., De- 
cember 31, 1863, when he veteranized, 
re-enlisting same day in the same com- 
pany and regiment, his final discharge at 
Louisville, Ky., under special order of 
the War Department, bearing date July 
16, 1865. He was the first man to enlist 
from Preble township, and the first 
veteran to re-enlist, a fact worthy of note. 
After his first enlistment the regiment 
rendezvoused at Madison, Wis., and be- 
ing then sent to the front, participated in 
all the e.xposures and discomforts incident 
to the preliminary movements of the 
army in an inclement season, including 
long and wearisome marches, which oc- 
cupied their time until the spring of 1863, 
when at Coldwater, Miss., they experi- 
enced their first engagement with the 
Confederates. After this came the siege 
of Vicksburg, where the regiment dis- 
played great gallantry, taking thirty- 
one thousand six hundred prisoners, one 
hundred and seventy-two canon, and about 
sixty thousand muskets; part of the regi- 
ment participated in the action at Jack- 
son. In August, same year, the bri- 
gade to which the Twelfth was at- 
tached was ordered to Natchez, where it 
remained until it was re-organized, and a 
majority of the men had veteranized. It 
then took part in what is known as the 
Meridian expedition, the object of which 
was to cripple the resources of the enemy, 
and during this important affair it did a 
vast amount of useful work, entailing a 
great deal of arduous duty, a march of 
400 miles being, perhaps, not the least 
part of it. At Jackson, Miss., they 
smashed forty-four locomotives, burnt 
twelve hundred cars and destroyed a lot 
of railroad track. 

In the spring of 1863 our subject re- 
turned home on veteran furlough, and 
on rejoining his regiment it was assigned 

to the Army of the Tennessee, taking part 
in several of the actions preceding the 
Atlanta campaign, under Sherman. At 
Huntsville, Ala., Mr. Enderby was taken 
sick, and was first sent to the hospital at 
Huntsville, Ala., later to those at Nash- 
ville and Louisville. After recovery he 
set out to rejoin his regiment, which was 
still with Sherman's army, his route being 
via New York, Pocotaligo, S. C. , and 
Wilmington, N. C, where he made con- 
nection with the command. On the day 
before Johnson's surrender, while on 
picket duty at Pocotaligo, he was struck 
in the throat by a spent rifle ball. The 
hardships endured on the Meridian march 
produced varicose veins in the right leg, 
while the march to Washington, after the 
close of hostilities, brought the same 
trouble to his left leg, by all of which it 
will be seen that as a brave and loyal sol- 
dier our subject suffered considerably. 

After his discharge from the army Mr. 
Enderby returned home to Preble town- 
ship, and, before once more settling down 
to the pursuits of peace, was married, 
September 8, 1865, to Miss Eliza Ann 
Jeffrey, who was born June 8, 1845, in 
Scott township. Brown Co., Wis., a 
daughter of Thomas and Eliza (Day) 
Jeffrey, natives of Lincolnshire, England. 
To this union children, as follows, were 
born: Anna Eliza, now wife of Joshua 
Ritchie, of Green Bay; John T., at home; 
May L. , now Mrs. Frederick Huetters, 
of Green Bay; William L. , married to 
, Miss Clara A. Sawyer, also in Green Bay; 
Carrie J.. George R., Wilbert M., Albert 
H., and Duain M., all four at home; 
Melinda M., deceased at the age of two 
years; and Lottie A. and Loella A., both 
at home. After marriage our subject and 
his young wife made their home on the 
farm of her parents for one year, and then 
moved to Fort Howard, where they lived 
three years, he conducting a butcher busi- 
ness and farm. He is now the owner of 
seventy-nine acres of land, eight of which 
are covered with an orchard, the finest in 
Brown county, and he gives considerable 



attention to fruit-growing, both large and 
small, as well as the cultivation of 
honey bees. 

Politically Mr. Enderby is a Repub- 
lican, though the son of a stanch Dem- 
ocrat, whose vote, on the occasion of the 
first Presidential election after the war, 
the son nullified by voting for Grant. 
But no more filial son breathes, as proven 
by his many unselfish acts of generosity 
to his parents, whom he has aided in 
many ways, some of which have already 
been recounted in this sketch. From 
his pay as a soldier he saved nearly every 
cent, in all sending home $590 to assist 
in. cancelling a six-hundred-dollar mort- 
gage held over the home farm, thereby 
purging the property of all liens. Not 
many years ago " Bill Enderby," as he is 
familiarly called, was struggling along 
"in the same old rut," making a bare 
living on his farm; but having taken up 
fruit culture and made himself thoroughly 
accjuainted with the business by reading 
and observation, he has attained an emi- 
nent success, and to-day not a more pros- 
perous farmer is to be found in all Preble 
township, a consummation he has reached 
solely by industry, study, hard work, and 
untiring energy. supported by level- 
headed, sound judgment. At the present 
writing he is in very poor health. 

A P. SAWYER, who, for the past 
twenty years, has been a well- 
known resident of Preble town- 
ship. Brown county, is a native of 
New York State, born November 2, 1847, 
in the town of Fulton, Oswego county, of 
hardy New England stock. 

Grandfather Thomas Sawyer was born 
in the town of Orford, Grafton Co., N. 
H., son of Jonathan Sawyer, and was 
reared to farming pursuits. He was mar- 
riufl in New Hamjishirc to Miss Asenith 
Sargent, daughter of Timothy Sargent, 
who was a soldier in the Revolution and 
received a pension for his services. Thomas 
and .\seiiith Sawyer became the parents 

of five children — two sons and three 
daughters — of whom, Thomas, the father 
of our subject, was the second in order of 

Thomas Sawyer was born July 6, 
1807, in Orford, Grafton Co., N. H., was 
reared a farmer boy, and at the age of 
si.xteen commenced to learn the trade of 
tanner and currier, in which he continued 
until he reached his majority. He re- 
mained in New Hampshire until the spring 
of 1834, when he removed to New York 
State, and for four months was employed 
as steersman and bowsman on the Erie 
canal. Then for some months he drove 
a stage between White Hall and Rutland, 
subsequently following the same vocation 
at Plattsburg, N. Y. From there he came 
to Detroit, Mich., and engaged as stage 
driver between Detroit and Dearbornville, 
also between Ann Arbor and Lima, and 
for some time also acted as road agent 
from Ann Arbor to Kalamazoo. Return- 
ing to New York he worked in a livery 
stable, and also as driver from Troy to 
Sand Lake, Pittstown, Schenectad}', 
Albany, Lebanon Springs, and various 
other places until 1836, when he came 
westward to Lake county, Ind. In Por- 
ter county, same State, he commenced 
farming, also carrying mail and conducting 
a tavern, and here, in February, 1840, he 
was married to Miss Amanda E. Cady, who 
was a native of Clinton county, N. Y. , 
born in 18 15, and had come to Indiana to 
live with her brother. After marriage 
Mr. Sawyer removed to Crown Point, 
Lake county, and there engaged in farm- 
ing, later embarking in the hotel business 
at that place, and conducting same un- 
til 1846, when he removed to Illinois, 
taking up his residence in Chicago. Here, 
for seven years, he was in the employ of 
Asahel Pierce, as agent, selling agricultural 
implements and buying stock, subseiiueiitlv 
working one year in a wagon shop, and 
then for another year following teaming 
on his own account. He next removed 
to Northfield township, also in Cook 
conntw and li\i'd tiurc for snnu' time on 



rented land, later following farming sev- 
eral years in McHenry county, 111. In 
the fall of 1 869 he went to Sac City, Sac 
Co., Iowa, where his son, James A., had 
previously located, and there resided un- 
til January, 1893, when he came to Preble 
township, Brown Co. , Wis. , to pass his 
remaining years at the home of his son, 
A. P. He is a hearty, well-preserved 
man, and though, over eighty-seven years 
old, still reads without the aid of glasses. 
His first vote was cast for John Quincy 
Adams, and he has never missed but one 
Presidential election since then, and that 
was when Gen. Scott was candidate in 
1852, remaining a stanch member of the 
Whig party and its successor, the Repub- 
lican party. Mrs. Amanda Sawyer died 
in Chicago in June, 1850, of cholera. 
She was the mother of three children — two 
sons, A. P. , and James A. (of Sac City, 
Iowa), and a daughter, who died when 
ten months old. In January, 1852, Mr. 
Sawyer wedded, for his second spouse, 
Mrs. Susan E. (Montgomer\') Pratt, a 
widow, who was born in Oswego county, 
N. Y. , daughter of Capt. Archibald Mont- 
gomery, of the British navy. This wife 
passed from earth in December, 1868, in 
Woodstock, McHenry Co., 111., without 

A. P. Sawyer, whose name introduces 
these lines, received his education in the 
common schools of Cook county. 111., 
principally after reaching his fourteenth 
year, as previous to that time he cared 
little or nothing for books. On February 
19, 1864, when but a little over sixteen 
years of age, he enlisted, at Elgin, 111., 
in Company G, Fifty-second 111. V. I., 
and was sent with his command to Pulaski, 
Tenn., where they drilled for six weeks. 
They were then sent out foraging, and 
while climbing into a wagon, our subject 
had his right foot crushed, for a few days 
being obliged to remain in the convalescent 
camp at Pulaski. After this he was sent 
to Tunnel Hill, on railway patrol, being 
there for about two weeks, and then going 
to Prospect, Tenn., helping in the garri- 

son fort and guarding railway bridges. At 
this time our subject was ordered to 
Atlanta, where his regiment lay, and he 
was under fire every day during the siege of 
that city, which lasted about one hundred 
days, after which his regiment was ordered 
round to Jonesboro, which they captured, 
thereby causing Gen. Hood to evacuate 
Atlanta and the place to capitulate. After 
this our subject proceeded with Sherman 
on his march to the sea, taking an active 
part in all the engagements en route. He 
was present at the surrender of Gen. John- 
ston, at Raleigh, N. C, and took part in 
the Grand Review at Washington, D. C, 
from that city going by rail to Parkers- 
burg, W. Va. , thence down the Ohio river 
to Louisville, Ky. , where he was mustered 
out. On July 12, 1865, he received an 
honorable discharge at Camp Douglass, 
Chicago, then proceeding to McHenry 
county. 111., where his father was residing 
at that time, remained there a few months, 
and then went to Northfield township, 
Cook Co., 111., where he followed farming. 
When but a boy of fifteen Mr. Sawyer 
had served a three-months' apprenticeship 
at Woodstock, 111., under George R. Bas- 
sett, and he followed his trade and paper- 
hanging for some years. In July, 1869, 
he went to Madison, Wis., to look for 
work, and here followed his trade for 
a while, his first work being for railroads, 
and as he was a good workman he readily 
found employment with the St. Paul Rail- 
way Company in the Prairie du Chien 
branch, painting bridges and depots. He 
also worked on the same road as fireman 
ten months, and then commenced the 
study of dentistry under Norman Ellis, of 
Madison; but this being distasteful to him 
he returned to his trade, engaging with 
Memhart & Robbins, painters, at Madi- 
son. For some time he was bar-tender 
in that city, but in 1871 removed to Osh- 
kosh. Wis. , where he worked at his trade, 
also logging, and remained there until 
1873, in which year he came to Green 
Bay. In 1874 he remo\ed to his present 
farm in Section 25. Preble township. 



Brown county, at that time a perfect wil- 
derness, and here he has ever since made 
his home, engaging to some extent in fruit 
farming, in which industry he is a pioneer 
in his section. He has not abandoned 
his trade, however, for during the season 
he continues to follow same in Green 
Bay, doing paper-hanging and general 
painting work, besides carriage painting. 
On July 14, 1872, Mr. Sawyer was 
married, in Oshkosh, to Miss Annie M. 
Maus, who was born in Preble township. 
Brown county, in i 849, and to this mar- 
riage came three children, namely: Annie 
C. (Mrs. W. L. Enderby), of Green Bay, 
and James T. and Mary A., living at 
home. The mother of these died in 
Preble township May 13, 1879, a member 
of the Catholic Church, and her remains 
now rest in Bay Settlement cemetery. 
Mr. Sawyer married, on August 19, 1883, 
for his second wife, Mrs. Mary E. (Vieu) 
Ballinger (widow of Albert Ballinger), who 
was born in Lawrence township, Brown 
county, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Vieu, French Canadians, who came to 
Lawrence township in an early day. Mrs. 
Sawyer is a member of the Catholic 
Church. Politically our subject is a Re- 
publican, but gives little time to politics; 
socially he is a member of T. O. Howe 
Post, No. 124, G. A. R., of which he is 

JOHN COENEN, for over forty-five 
years an esteemed resident of Do Pere 
township. Brown county, and vicin- 
ity, where he ranks among the pros- 
perous self-made agriculturists, is a native 
of Holland, born October 28, 1834. 

He is a son of Theodore Coenen, a 
farmer of that country, who had a family 
of nine children — seven sons and two 
daughters — of whom John was the third 
son and the fourth child in the order of 
birth. About 1848, seeing that his chil- 
dren could have better opportunities in 
the United States, Theodore Coenen sold 
his little property and sailed with his 

family from Rotterdam in a vessel bound 
for Philadelphia. They landed in that 
city after a voyage of forty-eight days, 
and then, their destination being in Brown 
county, Wis. , proceeded at once by rail 
to Albany, N. Y., thence via the Erie 
canal to Buffalo, and from there by the 
old steamer ■• Michigan " to Green Bay, 
Wis., where they landed early in June, 
1848. The family was one of ten who 
made their home in a house in Shanty- 
town, where, one week after their arrival, 
Mr. Coenen secured work. For a short 
time they lived in De Pere, then but a 
small village, and next moved across the 
river to a place along the Ashwaubenon 
pike, where they farmed for three years. 
They then purchased forty acres in De- 
Pere township (where our subject now 
lives, which at that time was government 
land and claimed by an individual), pay- 
ing the claimant one hundred and fifty 
dollars for his title and ten shillings an 
acre to the government. Twelve acres of 
this tract had been "lumbered over," but 
the remainder was yet in its primitive 
state, the only improvement thereon be- 
ing a small three-roomed log house, where 
they lived for a time. Work was immedi- 
ately begun on the farm, but money was 
scarce, and, as the boys became old enough, 
they worked for neighboring farmers, their 
wages usually being fifty cents a day. Mr. 
Coenen died on this farm in 1864, and 
was buried in Allouez township; his wife 
survived him until October 23, 1885, 
when she passed away at the advanced 
age of eighty-six years, and was buried in 
the Catholic cemetery at De Pere. After 
the father's death the sons continued to 
live on the farm, working it together. 
The mother also had her residence there, 
living with her son John, at whose home 
she died. 

John Coenen atteniled the schools of 
his native country, where he received all 
his education. When fourteen years old 
he came witli his parents to the United 
States, and here he was soon put to work, 
assisting on the farm. The land was new. 


and during his boyhood he became thor- 
oughly famihar with all the details and 
hardships incident to pioneer farm life in 
the opening of a new country. On Au- 
gust 24, 1863, John Coenen was married, 
in Little Chute, Wis., to Miss Gertrude 
Reynen, who is also a native of Holland, 
born September 25, 1840, daughter of 
John Reynen; she came with her father 
to the United States when she was ten 
years old, and, with the exception of a 
six-months' residence in Green Bay, made 
her home in Little Chute, Wis., until her 
marriage. Immediately after their mar- 
riage the young couple took up their home 
on the farm with his parents, and after 
the death of his father, and working for 
a while in partnership with his brothers, 
John paid off the other heirs and became 
the owner of the old homestead. The 
place then comprised fort}' acres, to which 
he has added from time to time, until he 
now owns 200 acres in De Pere and Rock- 
land townships, all of which is the result 
of years of untiring industry and toil. He 
has been a hard worker from boyhood, 
and from a start of nothing has accumu- 
lated a comfortable property, and placed 
himself in an enviable position among 
the well-to-do farmers of his township. 
He has never speculated, and his success 
shows what it is possible for a man to ac- 
complish by perseverance and honesty 
and a determination to win. His chil- 
dren have been of great assistance to 
him, the sons faithfully remaining on the 
home place and taking their share of the 
farm work. The farm is equipped with 
substantial outbuildings, all erected by 
Mr. Coenen, and in 1883 he built a com- 
fortable brick residence. Our subject has, 
in his days, seen the entire surrounding 
country transformed from the dense forest 
to beautiful, well-cultivated farms, and 
he himself has taken no small part in this 
important work. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Coenen were born 
children as follows: Theodore, a farmer 
of Wrightstown township; Anton, assist- 
ing in the work on the home farm; Annie, 

Mrs. Henry Verhagen, of Freedom town- 
ship, Outagamie county; Martina, Mrs. 
Arnold Smith, also of Freedom township; 
John, William, Henry and Mary, all liv- 
ing at home; and Hattie and another 
child, who died in infancy. The entire 
family are members of St. Mary's Catho- 
lic Church, De Pere. In politics Mr. 
Coenen is a Democrat, but no active party 

merchant and proprietor of plan- 
ing mill, Green Bay, is a native 
of Germany, born in Baringau- 
Thuringen February 7, 1834. Michael 
Schwarz, father of our subject, was a 
farmer (as was his father before him) and 
dealer in lumber in Germany, and was 
one of the most progressive and active 
men in his part of the country. He died 
at the age of seventy-seven years. His 
wife, Elizabeth (Hoercher), who was a 
native of the same part of Germany, is 
now living at the advanced age of eighty- 
four years ; she is the mother of three 
children — Christian, Kline and Oscar — of 
whom Eline is married and lives in her 
native land. 

At the age of eighteen years, in the 
spring of 1852, the subject of this sketch, 
along with several others from his neigh- 
borhood, set sail from Germany for the 
United States, the voyage to New York 
occupying forty-nine days. From there 
he came by way of the Hudson river and 
railroad to Buffalo, N. Y., where he 
passed the winter, chopping cord-wood, 
and the following spring he shipped as 
deck hand from Buffalo to Chicago, mak- 
ing several trips on the lakes as a sailor, 
eventually finding himself in Chicago. He 
finally shipped on a steamer coming north- 
ward; but, on arriving at Mackinac Island, 
left the vessel, and from that point made 
his way to Green Bay, which he reached 
in May, 1853. He was first employed here 
in a brewery a short time, but, moving to 
Oconto, worked in a sawmill till winter 


time, when he engaged at lumbering in 
the woods, resuming sawmilhng the fol- 
lowing spring. Returning to Green Bay 
in the fail of 1854, he commenced to 
learn the carpenter's trade, which he fol- 
lowed until 1865, in that year, in part- 
nership with Theodore Kemmitz, starting 
a planing-miil in Fort Howard, a venture 
that proved a decided success, the concern 
continuing for about thirteen years, dur- 
ing which time, in 1866, John Voight was 
received as a partner. Mr. Kemmitz sold 
his interest in 1877, from which time our 
subject and Mr. Voight conducted the 
mill until 1887, when Mr. Schwarz em- 
barked in the lumber business, his late 
partner continuing the planing-mill. Mr. 
Voight and Mr. Kemmitz both came from 
Germany on the same vessel as Mr. 
Schwarz. In 1890 our subject, at the 
desire of several friends, erected a planing- 
mill in Green Bay, which has since been 
in successful operation, its owner, by his 
popularity as a good citizen and his close 
attention to business affairs, having earned 
for himself and his mill a wide and envi- 
able reputation. 

On November 7, 1857, at Fort How- 
ard, Mr. Schwarz was married to Miss 
Caroline Freytag, daughter of Christof 
and Christiana (Schmideknecht) Freytag, 
natives of Herschdorf, Schwarzburg-Son- 
dershausen and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, 
Thueringen, Germany, respectively Mrs. 
Schwarz came from Germany across the 
ocean in the same vessel as her future 
husbanfl. To this union were born four 
children: Lina, who died at the age of 
two years; Emma; Carrie, wife of Frnest 
Pecker, and Louisa, wife of Philip Lucas; 
there is also an adopted son, Herman, 
who was educated in the Northwestern 
University at Watertown, Wis., which is 
connected with the Lutheran Synod of 
Colleges in America (he is now a student 
of pharmacy in Milwaukee). Mr. and 
Mrs. Schwarz are active members of the 
German Lutheran Church; in politics he 
has been a Republican from the time he 
became citizenized, and he gives all his 

influence to whatever may tend to benefit 
the town or county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Schwarz are honored citizens of Fort 
Howard, respected for their personal 
worth, and held in the highest esteem by 
all classes for their good qualities of head 
and heart. 

ed, was born in Belgium, in 1825. 
in the village of Messancy, and re- 
ceived his literary education at 
Bastogne Seminary, and at Grand Semi- 
nary of Namur, at the latter educa- 
tional institution also studying theology. 
At the age of thirty years, on June 29, 
1855, he was ordained priest, and was a 
member of the Capuchin Order, near Fond 
du Lac, as priest, twelve years; served at 
Two Rivers si.x years; at Cooperstown 
three years; and at Kaukauna eighteen 
months. He was then at West De Pere 
nine and a half years, and at Chilton three 
years. For the past year and a half he 
has been retired, and now lives modestly 
at West De Pere in a neat and comfort- 
able home, honored alike by all denom- 
inations for his piety and benign de- 

CW. LOMAS, attorney at law, 
Fort Howard, was born in Wau- 
kesha county. Wis., in 1855, a 
son of John and Emma (Jones) 
Lomas, natives of England, who settled 
in that county in 1848. There the father 
was engaged in farming until his death 
in 1887. his wife having preceded him to 
the grave some years previously. 

Our subject received his preparatory 
education in the schools of the county, 
and for live or six years thereafter was a 
school teacher. He attended the Law 
Department of the University of Wiscon- 
sin, at Madison, graduated in 1882, and 
was admitted to tiie bar the same year. 
The next year he was in practice with 
Sloan, Stevens & Morris, in the capital 



city, and in 1883 settled in Fort Howard, 
where he formed a partnership with P. V. 
Cothell, now deceased, and since 1 887 
Mr. Lomas has been alone. In his po- 
litical affinities Mr. Loinas is an ardent 
Prohibitionist. He was the candidate of 
that party for Attorney-General of the 
State in 1894; has served as city attorney 
of Fort Howard eight years; has a good 
practice, and has accumulated some prop- 
erty. He is a director of the McCartney 
National Bank of Fort Howard. In 1885 
he was married in Crawford county. Wis. , 
to Miss Fannie Gay, who has blessed his 
home with three bright little daughters: 
Cora, Emma, and Loraine. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lomas are members of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which Mr. Lomas is superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school; he is presi- 
dent of the Y. M. C. A., and was superin- 
tendent of the Fort Howard schools two 
years, 1891,-92. They are highly respect- 
ed as members of society and moral factors 
in the community. 

STEGEN, pastor of St. Mary's 
Parish, De Pere, Brown county, 
was born in the Province of North 
Brabant, Holland, April 9, 1840. He 
was educated in the classics in Holland, 
and in philosophy and theology .in the 
Augustinean College, Belgium, finishing 
his studies at the Seminary of St. Francis, 
Milwaukee, Wis.. He was ordained a 
priest at Green Bay, Wis., June 10, 
1870, bv Bishop Joseph Melcher, D. D., 
and August 14, 1870, was placed in 
charge of the congregation at Freedom, 
where, through his energy, the new 
church edifice (St. Nicholas) was com- 
pleted and a new parochial school-house 
erected. Of this new church he was the 
faithful pastor until January, 1882, on the 
seventh day of which montli he was ap- 
pointed to St. Mary's, or the Church of 
the Immaculate Conception, at De Pere 
— his present incumbency. Under his 
wise administration the church building 

has been greatly enlarged and improved, 
and he has also largely added to the 
church property; he has, besides, erected 
a substantial brick school edifice with a 
capacity for 246 scholars, and in 1893 he 
erected a fine and roomy building for the 
accomodation of the Reverend Fathers 
connected with the congregation. Father 
Verstegen is still in the prime of life, is 
active and alert, and never tires of doing 
good for his beloved flock. 

CHARLES R. DENIS. This gen- 
tleman, for so many jears favor- 
ably known on and about the 
lakes, especially by vessel owners, 
is a Belgian by birth, born February 17, 
1849, ^ son of Leopold and Rosalie (Noel) 
Denis, of the same country, who were the 
parents of eleven children — six sons and 
five daughters — Charles R. being the sec- 
ond son. 

In 1855, our subject being then nearly 
seven years old, the family came to the 
United States, the trip across the ocean 
being made in the " Henry Reed " sailing 
ship, and, after landing in New York, pro- 
ceeded to Buffalo, N. Y. , where they 
passed their first winter; thence in the fol- 
lowing spring traveled by rail to Fond du 
Lac, Wis. , and from there by team to 
Green Bay. In Belgium the father had 
followed agricultural pursuits, and, being 
desirous of continuing the same vocation 
in the New World, bought 160 acres of 
totally uncleared timber-land in Brussells 
township. Door Co. , Wis. , near Red 
River. This, however, the family never 
cleared, nor even lived on, though in later 
years the father did some logging on it; 
but in Allouez township they lived for 
five years on Capt. Cotton's farm, where 
is now the cemetery of that township. 
Here he died January 22, 1892, his first 
wife having preceded him to the grave 
in 1866. He was a Democrat in politics, 
and for eighteen years was assessor of his 
township. They were the parents of thir- 
teen children, viz. : Joseph, a steam tug 


^l^^^^r^^ ^^<^.f^/<^^^ 

T'-'E NEV^' '■■'-^^'^ 





captain in Green Bay; Victoria, wife of 
Frank Garrett, of Green Bay; Charles R. , 
subject of sketch; Louis (an engineer), 
who died in 1891 at Appleton; Alfonso, 
who died while en route to America; V'ic- 
tor, who died in Buffalo, N. Y. ; Leopold, 
an engineer, with residence in Green Bay; 
Julia, wife of X. Parmentier, city clerk 
of Green Bay; Mary, wife of Alfonse 
Hugot, of Allouez; Rosalie, wife of Ralph 
Soquet, a druggist; Charles A., of West 
De Pere; and two, whose names are not 
given, that died while 01 route to America. 
Leopold Denis, father of this family, for his 
second wife married, in 1867, Honore 
Hitas, also a native of Belgium, to which 
union were born five children, of whom the 
living are Victor, Frank, James, and 

Charles R. Denis, the subject of these 
lines, received his education at the com- 
mon schools of the period in Wisconsin, 
and at the early age of fifteen commenced 
working on steamboats plying between 
Escanaba and Green Bay. Securing 
employment on the vessels of the North 
Western Steamboat Company, his first 
job was firing on the "George L. Dun- 
lap " for three years, later on the " Sarah 
Van Epps," and still later on the "Sagi- 
naw" and the " Escanaba," all belonging 
to the North Western Company. After 
firing for six seasons, he, in 1870, was 
given the position of engineer on the high- 
pressure tug "Ida S." in Green Bay har- 
bor, at the end of two years was trans- 
ferred to the tug "Escanaba," after an- 
other year rejoining the " Ida S.." and at 
the close of two more years' service on 
her was made engineer on the " John 
Gregory," which was built in Green Bay. 
He assisted in putting the engines into 
this boat, and ran her on her maiden trip. 
(Prior to this he served as engineer <jf No. 
2 fire engine in Green Bay). The "John 
Gregory" plied between Green Bay and 
Chicago, and from her Mr. Denis went to 
tile "John H. Ilackii^y," in the same 
capacity; but at the end of his second 
season as engineer on lier, he and his 

brothers, Capt. Joseph and Paul Denis, 
bought the "Ida S. Botsford," which 
they rebuilt and named "The Denis 
Bros." Of her our subject was engineer 
one season, and the following winter he 
put the engine into the " W. L. Brown." 
Selling out such interests as he had in 
boats, Mr. Denis concluded to leave the 
lakes, and in 1882 bought his present 
farm of seventy-four acres in De Pere 
township, moving thereon; but he can not 
forsake his old love, the lakes, for every 
summer he readily finds employment on 
some steamboat or other as engineer. 
He has sailed the lakes, either as fireman 
or engineer, for nearly all the large vessel 
owners in his part of the State, and has 
in every instance proved himself as com- 
petent as he is reliable and trustworthy. 
(]ualifications in which he is second to- 
none. In addition to what has already 
been here enumerated, he has put the 
engines into several boats, including the 
"Fannie Hart."' He has never been ship- 
wrecked, although he has experienced 
many hairbreadth escapes, and he has 
often worked with wrecking parties, be- 
sides meeting with not a few pioneer ad- 
ventures. On one occasion, while on his 
boat, which had run ashore, word reached 
him that his mother was dangerously ill. 
Without a moment's delay ho left the 
boat, and with the speed of an Indiart 
made a dash through the woods for his 
home, either running or walking for forty- 
fi\'e miles to a certain point, which he 
reached in twenty-four hours. Here he 
was enabled to take boat for his destina- 
tion, which he reached in safety. In this 
homeward journey he passed one night in 
the woods amid the bowlings of hungry 
wolves, who woulii have made short work 
of him had he not kept them at bay by 
lighting occasional fires, fortunately hav- 
ing some matches in his pocket. 

On August 20, 1S72, Mr. Denis was 
married, in Green Bay, to Miss Eli/a Lesses, 
who was born September 7, 1849, in Bel- 
gium, a daughter of .August Lesses. who 
came with his family to the United States 



in 1 87 1. The children of this union 
•were: Joseph, Annie, George, WilHe (de- 
ceased in infancy), Laura, Lizzie, William, 
Paul and Rosa. In politics our subject has 
always been a stanch Republican, and he 
and his wife are prominent members of 
St. Francis Catholic Church, respected 
and honored b\' all who know them. 

JACOB JACOBSEN, a well-known 
and prosperous citizen of Glenmore 
township, Brown county, was born 
June 30, 1855, in Norway. 

His father, also named Jacob, was a 
merchant and later a seafaring' man, but 
he met with reverses, and in 1 869 con- 
cluded to bring his family — which then 
comprised six children — to the United 
States, he having visited this country 
two years previously, and purchased some 
land in Ashwaubenon township, Brown 
county, Wis. The family sailed from 
Skien on the ' ' Rukan," and after a voyage 
of eight weeks and three days landed in 
Quebec, thence journeying by rail and 
water to Chicago, 111., where they lived 
four months. They then removed to the 
farm in Ashwaubenon township, where 
the father passed the remainder of his life, 
dying in 1876; he was a member of the 
Lutheran Church, and in political affili- 
ation a Republican. The mother is now 
living in Allouez township. Brown county, 
with her son Peter, who is sexton of 
Woodlawn cemetery, near Green Bay. A 
brief record of their children is a follows: 
Six were born in Norway — Jacob, who is 
mentioned further on; Christ, who died 
in this country at the age of twenty-one 
years; Louis, who lives in Fort Howard; 
Inge. Mrs. Louis Christopherson, of Ash- 
waubenon; Martin, a resident of Glen- 
more township; and Peter, who is sexton 
of Woodlawn cemetery, near Green Bay; 
and three were born in Wisconsin — Hans, 
and Andrew, both now living in Green 
Bay; and Neils, who died when six years 

Jacob Jacobsen received a good 

common-school education in his native 
country, and, when about fifteen years of 
age, came with his parents to the United 
States. He commenced to learn wood- 
carving in Chicago, but shortly afterward 
went on the lakes as cook. When 
his parents removed to Wisconsin he 
accompanied them, and, after working a 
few months on his father's farm, began to 
work for others. In the spring of 1870 
he entered the employ of M. Sellers, a 
merchant and horse dealer of Fort Howard, 
and afterward worked seven months with 
a surveying corps, laying out the northern 
extension of the Milwaukee & Northern 
railroad. He next worked as general 
utility man for Lawyer Neville, and later 
peddled ice for six years for Bennett & 
Conley, after which he removed to Glen- 
more township. On August 22, 1877, he 
was married, at Fort Howard, to Miss 
Augusta Siversen, who was born in Nor- 
way, in October, 1854, daughter of Siver 
Oleson, and in the fall of the same year 
the young couple removed to the town of 
De Pere, where, during the succeeding 
winter, he chopped wood for fifty cents a 
cord. The next spring he removed to the 
city of Green Bay, and during the sum- 
mer again worked for Bennett & Conley. 
Later he purchased sixty acres of land in 
Section 29, Glenmore township, going in 
debt for it, as he had but twenty-five dol- 
lars in money, and he and his wife took 
up their residence in a small log house 
which stood thereon. Only five acres of 
this tract were cleared, and he immedi- 
ately set to work to improve the rest; but 
he only remained there one year, when he 
was appointed sexton of the Woodlawn 
cemetery at Green Bay, and continued in 
that position five years. In the fall of 
1884 he came to his present farm, for 
which he had in the meantime traded, and 
here he has since resided, except during 
the summer of 1886, when he worked in 
Sheboygan for his former employer, Mr. 
Conley. This place originally contained 
eighty acres, to which he subsequently 
added eighty more, but later sold forty. 



Mr. Jacobsen has carefully cultivated and 
improved his farm, has remodelled his 
residence and built a commodious barn, all 
of which tends to enhance the value of 
his property. At one time he owned al- 
together 760 acres, but he has disposed of 
the greater part of it. In connection 
with his farming interests he has conducted 
a store and cheese factory, and has met 
with unbounded success in all his ventures. 
Our subject has been indeed a self-made 
man; beginning life without pecuniary 
aid, he has risen by industry to the posi- 
tion he now occupies among the leading 
respected citizens of Glenmore township. 
Being steady-going and reliable he won 
the confidence of his employers, and he 
has won and retained the esteem of his 
fellowmen for his honesty and square 

Mr. and Mrs. Jacobsen have had eight 
children, namely: Emma, Jennie, Chris- 
tina, Carl, Olena, Cigur and Clara, all 
living, and Louisa, who died young. Mr. 
Jacobsen has always been a Republican 
in politics, and is one of the leaders of 
the party in his township, where he has 
been elected to various positions of honor 
and trust. Since 1885 he has been school 
clerk, and he served two terms as town- 
ship treasurer, discharging the duties of 
his office conscientiously and to the satis- 
faction of all concerned. Socially he has 
been a member of the Roj-al Arcanum, 
Green Bay Lodge, since 1882, and in 
religious connection he and his wife are 
members of the Lutheran Church at 
Glenmore, in which he has been trustee 
since his residence in the township. 

CASPiCK S(IIAI)1:N, a well-known 
member of the farming commu- 
nity of De Pere township, Brown 
county, was born April 2, 1842, 
in Prussia, son of Frank J. and Catherine 
(Corneliu.s) Schaden, the latter of whom 
died when Casper was an infant. The 
father was subsequently married again, 
this time to Gertrude Andre, by whom 

he had four children : Mary, Gertrude, 
Joseph and Anna Mary ; by his first wife 
he had two children, Catherine and Cas- 
per, and of the entire family, four children 
are yet living. Frank J. Schaden was a 
blacksmith, and a successful tradesman. 

In 1852, his second wife having also 
died, Frank J. Schaden concluded to 
bring his family to America, and after an 
ocean voyage of forty-eight days, they 
landed in New York City, thence imme- 
diately coming westward to Milwaukee, 
Wis., where they visited friends. From 
Milwaukee they came direct to De Pere, 
Brown county, where Mr. Schaden had 
two brothers-in-law living, and during the 
first winter the family were scattered, the 
father working hard to get a start. He 
purchased twenty acres of new land, and 
erected a log house thereon, in which the 
family lived for some time, and, with the 
aid of his sons, he eventually cleared the 
farm and converted it into a cultivated 
productive tract. He died September 23, 
1886, at the home of his daughter, and 
was buried in Denmark, Brown county. 

Casper Schaden attended school in 
his native land until he came with his 
father to the United States, after which 
he was obliged to give up school, as his 
help was needed on the farm, where he 
was thoroughly trained to agricultural 
pursuits. When he first came to De- 
Pere township there were no roads for 
wagons, and he had to carry flour 
on his shoulder from Green Bay. One 
night his sister and one of the j'ounger 
boys went after the cows, but dark- 
ness coming on before she reached 
home with them, she lost her way and was 
compelled to remain in the woods all 
night. Our subject remained on the farm 
continuously until i860, in the fall of 
which year he went to Pensaukee, Wis., 
and commenced to work in the lumber 
regions, where he experienced hardships 
and .privations whirli only the strongest 
constitution could witiistand. In the 
spring he would return to the farm and 
there remain during the summer, return- 



ing to the lumber regions in the winter. 
He worked in Stiles, Oconto county, one 
winter, and was also employed by a man 
named Raymen, in Denmark, for the Two 
Rivers Company; for two winters he was 
in the employ of Richie, from De Pere, 
and together with this he also drove team 
for sixteen winters. 

On January 29. 1867, Mr. Schaden 
was married to Miss Catherine Kohren, 
and since then he has given his attention 
exclusively to farming. He first purchased 
twenty acres of land, which he paid for 
with the pine timber cut from the place, 
and by the united efforts of himself and 
wife the land was cleared and improved, 
and later added to, until they now own 
sixty-five acres of fertile, well-cultivated 
land. They have had twelve children, as 
follows: Casper, born October 21, 1869; 
Joseph, born January 2, 1871 (deceased); 
Kate, born March 18, 1872 (deceased); 
Peter, born January 25, 1873; Joseph, 
born May 24, 1874 (deceased); Kate, 
born February 28, 1876; Nick, born 
October 17, 1 877; Mary M., born Decem- 
ber 12, 1879; Elizabeth, born April 8, 
1882; Gertrude, born March 10, 1884; 
Ann A., born January 28, 1886; and John, 
born October 28, 1889. Mr. and Mrs. 
Schaden were originally members of the 
Catholic Church in Green Bay, but now 
belong to the church in New Denmark, in 
which latter they celebrated their silver 
wedding January 29, 1892, Rev. Father 
Garus officiating. Politically our subject 
is a Democrat, and has served his town- 
ship as path master two years, and as 
school director. He is an honest, upright 
citizen, and has the esteem and respect of 
all who know him. 

PHILLIP FALCK (deceased), who, 
in his lifetime, was one of the 
leading pioneers and merchants 
of Morrison township. Brown 
county, was born August 9, 1818, in the 
village of Kondersheim, Hesse-Darmstadt, 

His father, George Falck, a tailor by 
trade, was twice married in Germany, 
and by his first wife, whose maiden name 
was Hahn, he had three children — Phillip, 
Margaret, and Elizabeth. In 1837 he 
came to the United States with his family, 
and landed in New York, whence he went 
to Albany, N. Y. Here it was that Phil- 
lip began business for himself by peddling 
goods throughout the land from a pack on 
his back. He made money in the East, 
but finally determined to come to Wis- 
consin, where homes were then cheap, 
and he virtually walked from New York 
to Milwaukee with his pack on his back 
(excepting, of course, when he was obliged 
to cross streams or lakes on vessels), sell- 
ing goods on the way, and adding to his 
stock of cash. In the early part of 1843 
he reached his destination, and took up 
some land at Germantown, Washington 
county, at that time a wilderness. He 
made a small clearing, built a log cabin, 
and, with a comrade, Frank Snyder, kept 
bachelor's hall until his marriage, which 
took place in January, 1847, with Cath- 
erine Hangen, who was born October 27, 
1828, in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, a 
daughter of Jacob and Catherine (Balser) 
Hangen. Of this family four sisters — 
Apollonia, Christina, Catherine, and Eliz- 
abeth — came from Germany in 1843, 
and settled in Germantown, W'ashington 
county. Mr. Falck lived in Washington 
county until the fall of 1855, when he 
settled in Morrison township. Brown 
county, where he had previously bar- 
gained for 200 acres of land with Mr. 
Morrison, after whom the township 
was named. He cleared up twelve acres 
of his land, and for a year he and his 
family lived in a little log house, when a 
larger and more commodious dwelling was 
built. As the tilled land hardlj' produced 
enough for the support of the family, Mr. 
Falck entered into merchandising, and 
for some years he carried on the first store 
in Morrison township in a part of his 
dwelling house. His trade increased, and 
he built an addition to his home, later, 



another addition, and still later, a de- 
tached store, where the business has ever 
since been carried on by his descendants. 
Mr. Falck lived until September 27, 1889, 
when, after a year's suffering of helpless- 
ness from paralysis, he passed away, and 
was buried in the Lutheran cemetery; he 
was a Lutheran in his religious views, and 
in politics was a Democrat. He had fil- 
ially provided a home for his father and 
mother, who died in Morrison, the father 
at eighty-five and the mother at about 
the same age. 

The children born to Phillip and Cath- 
erine Falck are Jacob, a liquor dealer of 
De Pere; Phillip, a sketch of whom fol- 
lows; Frank, a farmer of Seymour, Outa- 
gamie county; George, a hotel-keeper at 
Seymour, all born in Washington county; 
Peter, a hotel and saloon keeper at Bril- 
lion, Wis. ; Marks, a farmer in Morrison 
township; Catherine, now Mrs. August 
Secfeldt, of Aforrison; John, a farmer of 
Morrison township; Daniel, also of Mor- 
rison, and Louis, a cheesemaker of the 
same place, these six being all natives of 
Morrison township. Since the death of 
Mr. Falck, his widow, who is still a well- 
preserved lady for her time of life, has re- 
sided at the old home in Morrison, and 
has with her her venerable mother, now 
at the advanced age of ninety-four years. 

PHfLLIP FALCK, of Morrison 
township. Brown county, was born 
in Washington county. Wis., No- 
\i'mber 10, 1850, and was but 
four years of age when brought by his 
parents to Brown county. He was 
reared to farming in Morrison township, 
and received a very fair education at the 
district scliool. When old enough he 
was placed in his father's store — the first 
established in Morrison — and after a short 
service was sent to Milwaukee; whure he 
took a thorough course in the S|)enccrian 
Business College. In 1876, in [lartner- 
ship with his brother Frank, he iiurrhasod 
his father's store, and carried on the 

business under the firm name of Phillip 
Falck & Bro. , until the fall of 1889, when 
he became the sole proprietor.- 

In April, 1875, Mr- Falck married, 
at Morrison, Miss Alvina Lemke, who 
was born January 28, 1853, in Germany, 
and came to the United States when 
about fourteen years of age. The union 
has been blessed with three children, 
namely: William C, Frank P., and 
Lydia B. C, the sons both assisting in 
their father's store. For nearly twent}' 
years Mr. Falck has carried on this busi- 
ness so early and successfully established 
in the wilderness by his father, Phillip 
Falck. Having been reared under the 
careful and watchful eye of his wise and 
prudent father, and having been apt and 
ready at all times to oblige his patrons 
and customers, Phillip Falck has secured 
a long list of friends, whom he has "grap- 
pled to his soul with hooks of steel," and 
no other proprietor of a country store in 
Brown county can boast of a larger pat- 
ronage. In politics Mr. Falck is a Demo- 
crat, and in November, 1893. was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Morrison. 

CHRIST HANSEN, one of the 
well-known business men and 
farmers of Preble township, 
Brown count), is a native of 
Denmark, born September 25, 1846, son 
of Hans Hansen, who was a brickmaker 
and wagon wright by occupation. 

Our subject received his education in 
the common schools of his native land, 
and when a mere youth commenced to 
assist his father in the brickyard, continu- 
ing thus until he reached the age of seven- 
teen, when he commenced to learn the 
brickmaker's trade. He served a three- 
years' apprenticeship, during which period 
he received only his board, his parents 
being obliged to clothe him; subsequently 
he worked for a time as journeyman. 
Being a natural mechanic, he was also 
able to do blacksmith work, and for two 
years conducted a shop of his own for all 



kinds of repair work, at the end of which